83 relations: Abraham Maslow, Ancient Greek, Anglicisation, Antisthenes, Arete, Aristotelian ethics, Aristotle, Cambridge University Press, Chrysippus, Cicero, Citizenship, Cleanthes, Contentment, Cornell University Press, Cynicism (philosophy), Daedalus (journal), Daemon (classical mythology), Darrin McMahon, David L. Norton, Definitions (Plato), Diogenes, Duty, Epicurus, Erik Erikson, Essentialism, Ethics, Eudaemon (mythology), Eudaemons, Eudemian Ethics, Flourishing, Friedrich Nietzsche, G. E. M. Anscombe, Gordon Allport, Happiness, Harvard University Press, Hedonism, Human nature, Humanism, Immanuel Kant, Indeterminism, J. O. Urmson, Jeremy Bentham, John Stuart Mill, Julia Driver, Justice (virtue), Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Meaningful life, Modern Moral Philosophy, Moral authority, Nicomachean Ethics, ..., Oxford University Press, Paul Kurtz, Perfectionism (philosophy), Phaedo, Phronesis, Plato, Platonic Academy, Political philosophy, Potentiality and actuality, Princeton University Press, Prosperity, Psychology, Quality of life, Rationality, Reason, Republic (Plato), Self-actualization, Six-factor Model of Psychological Well-being, Social quality, Socrates, Sophist, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Stoicism, Subjective well-being, Summum bonum, Tautology (logic), Ten Commandments, Thrasymachus, Utilitarianism, Virtue, Virtue ethics, Welfare, Zeno of Citium. Expand index (33 more) » « Shrink index
Abraham Harold Maslow (April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970) was an American psychologist who was best known for creating Maslow's hierarchy of needs, a theory of psychological health predicated on fulfilling innate human needs in priority, culminating in self-actualization.
The Ancient Greek language includes the forms of Greek used in ancient Greece and the ancient world from around the 9th century BC to the 6th century AD.
Anglicisation (or anglicization, see English spelling differences), occasionally anglification, anglifying, englishing, refers to modifications made to foreign words, names and phrases to make them easier to spell, pronounce, or understand in English.
Antisthenes (Ἀντισθένης; c. 445c. 365 BC) was a Greek philosopher and a pupil of Socrates.
Arete (Greek: ἀρετή), in its basic sense, means "excellence of any kind".
Aristotle first used the term ethics to name a field of study developed by his predecessors Socrates and Plato.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.
Chrysippus of Soli (Χρύσιππος ὁ Σολεύς, Chrysippos ho Soleus) was a Greek Stoic philosopher.
Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman statesman, orator, lawyer and philosopher, who served as consul in the year 63 BC.
Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or belonging to a nation.
Cleanthes (Κλεάνθης Kleanthēs; c. 330 BC – c. 230 BC), of Assos, was a Greek Stoic philosopher and successor to Zeno of Citium as the second head (scholarch) of the Stoic school in Athens.
Contentment is a mental or emotional state of satisfaction maybe drawn from being at ease in one's situation, body and mind.
The Cornell University Press is a division of Cornell University housed in Sage House, the former residence of Henry William Sage.
Cynicism (κυνισμός) is a school of thought of ancient Greek philosophy as practiced by the Cynics (Κυνικοί, Cynici).
Dædalus is a peer-reviewed academic journal founded in 1955 as a replacement for the Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the volume and numbering system of which it continues.
Daemon is the Latin word for the Ancient Greek daimon (δαίμων: "god", "godlike", "power", "fate"), which originally referred to a lesser deity or guiding spirit; the daemons of ancient Greek religion and mythology and of later Hellenistic religion and philosophy.
Darrin M. McMahon is a historian, author, public speaker, and currently a professor of History at Dartmouth College.
David Lloyd Norton (March 27, 1930 – July 24, 1995) was an American philosopher.
The Definitions (Ὅροι Horoi; Definitiones) is a dictionary of 184 philosophical terms sometimes included in the corpus of Plato's works.
Diogenes (Διογένης, Diogenēs), also known as Diogenes the Cynic (Διογένης ὁ Κυνικός, Diogenēs ho Kunikos), was a Greek philosopher and one of the founders of Cynic philosophy.
A duty (from "due" meaning "that which is owing"; deu, did, past participle of devoir; debere, debitum, whence "debt") is a commitment or expectation to perform some action in general or if certain circumstances arise.
Epicurus (Ἐπίκουρος, Epíkouros, "ally, comrade"; 341–270 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher who founded a school of philosophy now called Epicureanism.
Erik Homberger Erikson (born Erik Salomonsen; 15 June 1902 – 12 May 1994) was a German-American developmental psychologist and psychoanalyst known for his theory on psychological development of human beings.
Essentialism is the view that every entity has a set of attributes that are necessary to its identity and function.
Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
The eudaemon, eudaimon, or eudemon (εὐδαίμων) in Greek mythology was a type of daemon or genius (deity), which in turn was a kind of spirit.
The Eudaemons were a small group headed by graduate physics students J. Doyne Farmer and Norman Packard at the University of California Santa Cruz in the late 1970s.
The Eudemian Ethics (Ἠθικὰ Εὐδήμεια; Ethica Eudemia), sometimes abbreviated EE in scholarly works, is a work of philosophy by Aristotle.
Flourishing is "a state where people experience positive emotions, positive psychological functioning and positive social functioning, most of the time," living "within an optimal range of human functioning." It is a descriptor and measure of positive mental health and overall life well-being, and includes multiple components and concepts, such as cultivating strengths, subjective well-being, "goodness, generativity, growth, and resilience." Flourishing is the opposite of both pathology and languishing, which are described as living a life that feels hollow and empty.
Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (15 October 1844 – 25 August 1900) was a German philosopher, cultural critic, composer, poet, philologist and a Latin and Greek scholar whose work has exerted a profound influence on Western philosophy and modern intellectual history.
Gertrude Elizabeth Margaret Anscombe (18 March 1919 – 5 January 2001), usually cited as G. E. M.
Gordon Willard Allport (November 11, 1897 – October 9, 1967) was an American psychologist.
In psychology, happiness is a mental or emotional state of well-being which can be defined by positive or pleasant emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy.
Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.
Hedonism is a school of thought that argues that the pursuit of pleasure and intrinsic goods are the primary or most important goals of human life.
Human nature is a bundle of fundamental characteristics—including ways of thinking, feeling, and acting—which humans tend to have naturally.
Humanism is a philosophical and ethical stance that emphasizes the value and agency of human beings, individually and collectively, and generally prefers critical thinking and evidence (rationalism and empiricism) over acceptance of dogma or superstition.
Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was a German philosopher who is a central figure in modern philosophy.
Indeterminism is the idea that events (certain events, or events of certain types) are not caused, or not caused deterministically.
James Opie Urmson (4 March 1915 – 29 January 2012), usually cited as J. O. Urmson, was a philosopher and classicist who spent most of his professional career at Corpus Christi College, Oxford.
Jeremy Bentham (15 February 1748 – 6 June 1832) was an English philosopher, jurist, and social reformer regarded as the founder of modern utilitarianism.
John Stuart Mill, also known as J.S. Mill, (20 May 1806 – 8 May 1873) was a British philosopher, political economist, and civil servant.
Julia Driver is Professor of Philosophy at Washington University in St. Louis.
Justice is one of the four cardinal virtues in classical European philosophy and Roman Catholicism.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a theory in psychology proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper “A Theory of Human Motivation” in Psychological Review.
In positive psychology, a meaningful life is a construct having to do with the purpose, significance, fulfillment, and satisfaction of life.
"Modern Moral Philosophy" is an article on moral philosophy by G. E. M. Anscombe, originally published in the journal Philosophy, vol.
Moral authority is authority premised on principles, or fundamental truths, which are independent of written, or positive, laws.
The Nicomachean Ethics (Ἠθικὰ Νικομάχεια) is the name normally given to Aristotle's best-known work on ethics.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Paul Kurtz (December 21, 1925 – October 20, 2012) was a prominent American scientific skeptic and secular humanist.
In ethics and value theory, perfectionism is the persistence of will in obtaining the optimal quality of spiritual, mental, physical, and material being.
Phædo or Phaedo (Φαίδων, Phaidōn), also known to ancient readers as On The Soul, is one of the best-known dialogues of Plato's middle period, along with the Republic and the Symposium. The philosophical subject of the dialogue is the immortality of the soul.
Phronesis (phrónēsis) is an Ancient Greek word for a type of wisdom or intelligence.
Plato (Πλάτων Plátōn, in Classical Attic; 428/427 or 424/423 – 348/347 BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world.
The Academy (Ancient Greek: Ἀκαδημία) was founded by Plato (428/427 BC – 348/347 BC) in ca.
Political philosophy, or political theory, is the study of topics such as politics, liberty, justice, property, rights, law, and the enforcement of laws by authority: what they are, why (or even if) they are needed, what, if anything, makes a government legitimate, what rights and freedoms it should protect and why, what form it should take and why, what the law is, and what duties citizens owe to a legitimate government, if any, and when it may be legitimately overthrown, if ever.
In philosophy, potentiality and actuality are principles of a dichotomy which Aristotle used to analyze motion, causality, ethics, and physiology in his Physics, Metaphysics, Nicomachean Ethics and De Anima, which is about the human psyche.
Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections to Princeton University.
Prosperity is the state of flourishing, thriving, good fortune or successful social status.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Quality of life (QOL) is the general well-being of individuals and societies, outlining negative and positive features of life.
Rationality is the quality or state of being rational – that is, being based on or agreeable to reason.
Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, establishing and verifying facts, applying logic, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information.
The Republic (Πολιτεία, Politeia; Latin: Res Publica) is a Socratic dialogue, written by Plato around 380 BC, concerning justice (δικαιοσύνη), the order and character of the just, city-state, and the just man.
Self-actualization is a term that has been used in various psychology theories, often in slightly different ways.
The Six-factor Model of Psychological Well-being is a theory developed by Carol Ryff which determines six factors which contribute to an individual's psychological well-being, contentment, and happiness.
Social quality is a way of understanding society which is also relevant for social and public policy.
Socrates (Sōkrátēs,; – 399 BC) was a classical Greek (Athenian) philosopher credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, and as being the first moral philosopher, of the Western ethical tradition of thought.
A sophist (σοφιστής, sophistes) was a specific kind of teacher in ancient Greece, in the fifth and fourth centuries BC.
The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP) combines an online encyclopedia of philosophy with peer-reviewed publication of original papers in philosophy, freely accessible to Internet users.
Stoicism is a school of Hellenistic philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium in Athens in the early 3rd century BC.
Subjective well-being (SWB) is a self-reported measure of well-being, typically obtained by questionnaire.
Summum bonum is a Latin expression meaning "the highest good", which was introduced by the Roman philosopher Cicero, to correspond to the Idea of the Good in ancient Greek philosophy.
In logic, a tautology (from the Greek word ταυτολογία) is a formula or assertion that is true in every possible interpretation.
The Ten Commandments (עֲשֶׂרֶת הַדִּבְּרוֹת, Aseret ha'Dibrot), also known as the Decalogue, are a set of biblical principles relating to ethics and worship, which play a fundamental role in Judaism and Christianity.
Thrasymachus (Θρασύμαχος Thrasýmachos; c. 459 – c. 400 BC) was a sophist of ancient Greece best known as a character in Plato's Republic.
Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that states that the best action is the one that maximizes utility.
Virtue (virtus, ἀρετή "arete") is moral excellence.
Virtue ethics (or aretaic ethics, from Greek ἀρετή (arete)) are normative ethical theories which emphasize virtues of mind and character.
Welfare is a government support for the citizens and residents of society.
Zeno of Citium (Ζήνων ὁ Κιτιεύς, Zēnōn ho Kitieus; c. 334 – c. 262 BC) was a Hellenistic thinker from Citium (Κίτιον, Kition), Cyprus, and probably of Phoenician descent.