104 relations: Abu Ghraib, Affirmative action, Ambiguity, American English, Ancient Greece, Auschwitz concentration camp, Émile Benveniste, Berkeley Hunt, Bureaucracy, Call a spade a spade, Circumlocution, Code word (figure of speech), Cunt, David Brooks (commentator), Dead Parrot sketch, Distinction without a difference, Dog-whistle politics, Double entendre, Doublespeak, Doublethink, Dr. Seuss, Dysphemism, Ebling Mis, Electric City (web series), Emotive conjugation, Enhanced interrogation techniques, Euphemism, Expletive deleted, Expurgation, Fantastic Mr. Fox (film), Federal Communications Commission, Final Solution, Firefighter, Flies (Asimov short story), Foundation series, Frak (expletive), Framing (social sciences), Frig (interjection), Fuck, George Carlin, George Orwell, Great Purge, Greek language, Guantánamo, Halloween Is Grinch Night, Harvard University Press, Implicature, Investor's Business Daily, Isaac Asimov, Kate Burridge, ..., Keith Allan (linguist), List of politically motivated renamings, Maledicta, Masturbation, Metaphor, Metonymy, Minced oath, Minimisation (psychology), Modes of persuasion, Newspeak, Nineteen Eighty-Four, Nixon White House tapes, Online Etymology Dictionary, Outhouse, Oxford University Press, Pardon my French, PBS NewsHour, Periphrasis, Persuasive definition, Polite fiction, Political correctness, Portmanteau, Profanity, Proto-Indo-European language, Radionuclide, Reinhard Heydrich, Reverse discrimination, Rhyming slang, Semantic change, Sexual intercourse, Sexual slang, Shit, Solecism, Sonderbehandlung, Spin (propaganda), Steven Pinker, Strontium unit, Summary execution, The Economist, The Holocaust, The Washington Post, Thomas Bowdler, Tired and emotional, Toilet, Tom Hanks, Understatement, United States Atomic Energy Commission, Valence (psychology), Visual impairment, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?, Willard Van Orman Quine, Without the right of correspondence, Word play, Word taboo. Expand index (54 more) » « Shrink index
Abu Ghraib (أبو غريب, Abū Ghurayb) is a city in the Baghdad Governorate of Iraq, located just west of Baghdad's city center, or northwest of Baghdad International Airport.
Affirmative action, also known as reservation in India and Nepal, positive action in the UK, and employment equity (in a narrower context) in Canada and South Africa, is the policy of protecting members of groups that are known to have previously suffered from discrimination.
Ambiguity is a type of meaning in which several interpretations are plausible.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
Auschwitz concentration camp was a network of concentration and extermination camps built and operated by Nazi Germany in occupied Poland during World War II.
Émile Benveniste (27 March 1902 – 3 October 1976) was a French structural linguist and semiotician.
The Berkeley Hunt is a foxhound pack in the west of England.
Bureaucracy refers to both a body of non-elective government officials and an administrative policy-making group.
To "call a spade a spade" is a figurative expression.
Circumlocution (also called circumduction, circumvolution, periphrasis, kenning or ambage), is locution that circles around a specific idea with multiple words rather than directly evoking it with fewer and apter words.
A code word is a word or a phrase designed to convey a predetermined meaning to a receptive audience, while remaining inconspicuous to the uninitiated.
Cunt is a vulgar word for the vulva or vagina and is also used as a term of disparagement.
David Brooks (born August 11, 1961) is an American author and conservative political and cultural commentator who writes for The New York Times.
The "Dead Parrot Sketch", alternatively and originally known as the "Pet Shop Sketch" or "Parrot Sketch", is a sketch from Monty Python's Flying Circus.
A distinction without a difference is a type of logical fallacy where an author or speaker attempts to describe a distinction between two things where no discernible difference exists.
Dog-whistle politics is political messaging employing coded language that appears to mean one thing to the general population but has an additional, different, or more specific resonance for a targeted subgroup.
A double entendre is a figure of speech or a particular way of wording that is devised to be understood in two ways, having a double meaning.
Doublespeak is language that deliberately obscures, disguises, distorts, or reverses the meaning of words.
Doublethink is the act of simultaneously accepting two mutually contradictory beliefs as correct, often in distinct social contexts.
Theodor Seuss Geisel (March 2, 1904 – September 24, 1991) was an American author, political cartoonist, poet, animator, book publisher, and artist, best known for authoring more than 60 children's books under the pen name Doctor Seuss (abbreviated Dr. Seuss).
A dysphemism is an expression with connotations that are offensive either about the subject matter or to the audience, or both.
Ebling Mis is a fictional character from Isaac Asimov's ''Foundation'' Series.
Electric City is an animated, post-apocalyptic, science fiction, web series published through Yahoo! Screen.
In rhetoric, emotive or emotional conjugation mimics the form of a grammatical conjugation of an irregular verb to illustrate humans' tendency to describe their own behavior more charitably than the behavior of others.
"Enhanced interrogation techniques" or "enhanced interrogation" is a euphemism for the U.S. government's program of systematic torture of detainees by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), and various components of the U.S. Armed Forces at black sites around the world, including Bagram, Guantanamo Bay, and Abu Ghraib, authorized by officials of the George W. Bush administration.
A euphemism is a generally innocuous word or expression used in place of one that may be found offensive or suggest something unpleasant.
The phrase expletive deleted refers to profanity which has been censored by the author or by a subsequent censor, usually appearing in place of the profanity.
Expurgation, also known as bowdlerization, is a form of censorship which involves purging anything deemed noxious or offensive from an artistic work, or other type of writing of media.
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is an independent agency of the United States government created by statute (and) to regulate interstate communications by radio, television, wire, satellite, and cable.
The Final Solution (Endlösung) or the Final Solution to the Jewish Question (die Endlösung der Judenfrage) was a Nazi plan for the extermination of the Jews during World War II.
A firefighter is a rescuer extensively trained in firefighting, primarily to extinguish hazardous fires that threaten life, property and the environment as well as to rescue people and animals from dangerous situations.
"Flies" is a science fiction short story by Isaac Asimov.
The Foundation series is a science fiction book series written by American author Isaac Asimov.
Frak or frack is a fictional version of "fuck" first used in the 1978-''Battlestar Galactica'' television series.
In the social sciences, framing comprises a set of concepts and theoretical perspectives on how individuals, groups, and societies, organize, perceive, and communicate about reality.
Frig is an interjection in the English language that expresses contempt.
Fuck is an obscene English-language word, which often refers to the act of sexual intercourse but is also commonly used as an intensifier or to denote disdain.
George Denis Patrick Carlin (May 12, 1937 – June 22, 2008) was an American stand-up comedian, actor, author, and social critic.
Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic whose work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism and outspoken support of democratic socialism.
The Great Purge or the Great Terror (Большо́й терро́р) was a campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union which occurred from 1936 to 1938.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Guantánamo is a municipality and city in southeast Cuba and capital of Guantánamo Province.
Halloween Is Grinch Night (titled Grinch Night for the sing-a-long videocasette release and The Grinch That Stole Halloween) is a 1977 Halloween television special and the follow-up to How the Grinch Stole Christmas!.
Harvard University Press (HUP) is a publishing house established on January 13, 1913, as a division of Harvard University, and focused on academic publishing.
Implicature is a technical term in the pragmatics linguistics, coined by H. P. Grice, which refers to what is suggested in an utterance, even though neither expressed nor strictly implied (that is, entailed) by the utterance.
Investor's Business Daily (IBD) is an American newspaper and website covering the stock market, international business, finance and economics.
Isaac Asimov (January 2, 1920 – April 6, 1992) was an American writer and professor of biochemistry at Boston University.
Kathryn "Kate" Burridge, FAHA, is a prominent Australian linguist specialising in the Germanic languages.
Keith Allan, FAHA (born 27 March 1943) is an Australian linguist and Emeritus Professor at Monash University.
This articles lists times that items were renamed due to political motivations.
Maledicta, The International Journal of Verbal Aggression, was an academic journal dedicated to the study of offensive and negatively valued words and expressions, also known as maledictology.
Masturbation is the sexual stimulation of one's own genitals for sexual arousal or other sexual pleasure, usually to the point of orgasm.
A metaphor is a figure of speech that directly refers to one thing by mentioning another for rhetorical effect.
Metonymy is a figure of speech in which a thing or concept is referred to by the name of something closely associated with that thing or concept.
A minced oath is a euphemistic expression formed by misspelling, mispronouncing, or replacing a part of a profane, blasphemous, or taboo term to reduce the original term's objectionable characteristics.
Minimisation is a type of deceptionGuerrero, L., Anderson, P., Afifi, W. (2007).
The modes of persuasion, often referred to as ethical strategies or rhetorical appeals, are devices in rhetoric that classify the speaker's appeal to the audience.
Newspeak is the language of Oceania, a fictional totalitarian state ruled by the Party, who created the language to meet the ideological requirements of English Socialism (Ingsoc).
Nineteen Eighty-Four, often published as 1984, is a dystopian novel published in 1949 by English author George Orwell.
The Nixon White House tapes are audio recordings of conversations between U.S. President Richard Nixon and Nixon administration officials, Nixon family members, and White House staff, produced between 1971 and 1973.
The Online Etymology Dictionary is a free online dictionary written and compiled by Douglas Harper that describes the origins of English-language words.
An outhouse, also known by many other names, is a small structure, separate from a main building, which covers one or more toilets.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
"Pardon my French" or "Excuse my French" is a common English language phrase ostensibly disguising profanity as words from the French language.
The PBS NewsHour is an American daily evening television news program that is broadcast on the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), airing seven nights a week on more than 350 of the public broadcaster's member stations.
In linguistics, periphrasis is the usage of multiple separate words to carry the meaning of prefixes, suffixes or verbs, among other things, where either would be possible.
A persuasive definition is a form of stipulative definition which purports to describe the 'true' or 'commonly accepted' meaning of a term, while in reality stipulating an uncommon or altered use, usually to support an argument for some view, or to create or alter rights, duties or crimes.
A polite fiction is a social scenario in which all participants are aware of a truth, but pretend to believe in some alternative version of events to avoid conflict or embarrassment.
The term political correctness (adjectivally: politically correct; commonly abbreviated to PC or P.C.) is used to describe language, policies, or measures that are intended to avoid offense or disadvantage to members of particular groups in society.
A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words,, p. 644 in which parts of multiple words or their phones (sounds) are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel.
Profanity is socially offensive language, which may also be called swear words, curse words, cuss words, bad language, strong language, offensive language, crude language, coarse language, foul language, bad words, oaths, blasphemous language, vulgar language, lewd language, choice words, or expletives.
Proto-Indo-European (PIE) is the linguistic reconstruction of the hypothetical common ancestor of the Indo-European languages, the most widely spoken language family in the world.
A radionuclide (radioactive nuclide, radioisotope or radioactive isotope) is an atom that has excess nuclear energy, making it unstable.
Reinhard Tristan Eugen Heydrich (7 March 1904 – 4 June 1942) was a high-ranking German Nazi official during World War II, and a main architect of the Holocaust.
Reverse discrimination is discrimination against members of a dominant or majority group, in favor of members of a minority or historically disadvantaged group.
Rhyming slang is a form of slang word construction in the English language that uses rhyme.
Semantic change (also semantic shift, semantic progression, semantic development, or semantic drift) is the evolution of word usage—usually to the point that the modern meaning is radically different from the original usage.
Sexual intercourse (or coitus or copulation) is principally the insertion and thrusting of the penis, usually when erect, into the vagina for sexual pleasure, reproduction, or both.
Sexual slang is a set of linguistic terms and phrases used to refer to sexual organs, processes, and activities; they are generally considered colloquial rather than formal or medical, and some may be seen as impolite or improper.
Shit is a word considered vulgar and profane in Modern English.
A solecism is a phrase that transgresses the rules of grammar.
Sonderbehandlung (special treatment) is a term which can refer to any sort of preferential treatment, but is known primarily as a euphemism for mass murder used by Nazi functionaries and the SS, who commonly used the abbreviation S.B. in documentation.
In public relations and politics, spin is a form of propaganda, achieved through providing a biased interpretation of an event or campaigning to persuade public opinion in favor or against some organization or public figure.
Steven Arthur Pinker (born September 18, 1954) is a Canadian-American cognitive psychologist, linguist, and popular science author.
The strontium unit is a unit used to measure the amount of radioactivity from strontium-90, a radionuclide found in nuclear fallout, in a subject's body.
A summary execution is an execution in which a person is accused of a crime and immediately killed without benefit of a full and fair trial.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Holocaust, also referred to as the Shoah, was a genocide during World War II in which Nazi Germany, aided by its collaborators, systematically murdered approximately 6 million European Jews, around two-thirds of the Jewish population of Europe, between 1941 and 1945.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
Thomas Bowdler, LRCP, FRS (11 July 1754 – 24 February 1825) was an English physician best known for publishing The Family Shakspeare, an expurgated edition of William Shakespeare's work.
The phrase "tired and emotional" is a chiefly British euphemism for alcohol intoxication (or drunkenness).
A toilet is a piece of hardware used for the collection or disposal of human urine and feces.
Thomas Jeffrey Hanks (born July 9, 1956) is an American actor and filmmaker.
Understatement is a form of speech or disclosure which contains an expression of lesser strength than what would be expected.
The United States Atomic Energy Commission, commonly known as the AEC, was an agency of the United States government established after World War II by U.S. Congress to foster and control the peacetime development of atomic science and technology.
Valence, as used in psychology, especially in discussing emotions, means the intrinsic attractiveness/"good"-ness (positive valence) or averseness/"bad"-ness (negative valence) of an event, object, or situation.
Visual impairment, also known as vision impairment or vision loss, is a decreased ability to see to a degree that causes problems not fixable by usual means, such as glasses.
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? is a play by Edward Albee first staged in 1962.
Willard Van Orman Quine (known to intimates as "Van"; June 25, 1908 – December 25, 2000) was an American philosopher and logician in the analytic tradition, recognized as "one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century." From 1930 until his death 70 years later, Quine was continually affiliated with Harvard University in one way or another, first as a student, then as a professor of philosophy and a teacher of logic and set theory, and finally as a professor emeritus who published or revised several books in retirement.
"Without the right of correspondence", WRC (Без права переписки, abbreviated as БПП in official documents) was a clause in a sentence of many political convicts in the Soviet Union.
Word play or wordplay (also: play-on-words) is a literary technique and a form of wit in which words used become the main subject of the work, primarily for the purpose of intended effect or amusement.
Word taboo is the restricted use of words due to social constraints.
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