49 relations: Albert Borschette, Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party, Apple Inc., Barroso Commission, Bertelsmann Music Group, Cartel, Competition law, Competition regulator, Delors Commission, Directorate-General for Competition, European Commission, European Commissioner for Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Euro, European Court of Justice, European Economic Area, European Parliament, European Union competition law, Eurozone, Forbes list of The World's 100 Most Powerful Women, Frans Andriessen, General Electric, Google, Hallstein Commission, Hans von der Groeben, Honeywell, ITunes, Jenkins Commission (EU), Joaquín Almunia, Juncker Commission, Karel Van Miert, Leon Brittan, Maan Sassen, Malfatti Commission, Mansholt Commission, Margrethe Vestager, Mario Monti, Member of the European Parliament, Mergers and acquisitions, Microsoft Corp v Commission, Neelie Kroes, Ortoli Commission, Peter Sutherland, Prodi Commission, Raymond Vouel, Rey Commission, Santer Commission, Sony Music, Subsidy, Thorn Commission, Trial court.
Albert Borschette (14 June 1920 – 8 December 1976) was a Luxembourgian diplomat and writer.
The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party (ALDE Party) is a European political party mainly active in the European Union, composed of 60 national-level liberal parties from across Europe.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
The Barroso Commission was the European Commission in office from 22 November 2004 until 31 October 2014.
Bertelsmann Music Group (abbreviated as BMG) was a division of German media company Bertelsmann before its completion of sale of the majority of its assets to Japan's Sony Corporation of America on 1 October 2008.
A cartel is a group of apparently independent producers whose goal is to increase their collective profits by means of price fixing, limiting supply, or other restrictive practices.
Competition law is a law that promotes or seeks to maintain market competition by regulating anti-competitive conduct by companies.
A competition regulator is a government agency, typically a statutory authority, sometimes called an economic regulator, which regulates and enforces competition laws, and may sometimes also enforce consumer protection laws.
The Delors Commission was the administration of Jacques Delors, the eighth President of the European Commission.
The Directorate-General for Competition (DG COMP) is a Directorate-General of the European Commission, located in Brussels, Belgium.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
The Commissioner for Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Euro is the member of the European Commission responsible for economic and financial affairs.
The European Court of Justice (ECJ), officially just the Court of Justice (Cour de Justice), is the supreme court of the European Union in matters of European Union law.
The European Economic Area (EEA) is the area in which the Agreement on the EEA provides for the free movement of persons, goods, services and capital within the European Single Market, including the freedom to choose residence in any country within this area.
The European Parliament (EP) is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU).
European competition law is the competition law in use within the European Union.
Since 2004, Forbes has compiled a list of the 100 most powerful women in the world.
Franciscus Henricus Johannes Joseph (Frans) Andriessen (born 2 April 1929 in Utrecht) is a senior Dutch politician.
General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
Term: 1958–1962 Party: CD --> The Hallstein Commission is the European Commission that held office from 7 January 1958 to 30 June 1967.
Hans von der Groeben (14 May 1907 – 6 March 2005) was a German diplomat, scientist and journalist and member of the European Commission.
Honeywell International Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate company that produces a variety of commercial and consumer products, engineering services and aerospace systems for a wide variety of customers, from private consumers to major corporations and governments.
iTunes is a media player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster, and mobile device management application developed by Apple Inc. It was announced on January 9, 2001.
Term: 1977-1981 Party: SOC --> The Jenkins Commission was the European Commission that held office from 6 January 1977 to 6 January 1981.
Joaquín Almunia Amann (born 17 June 1948) is a Spanish politician and formerly, prominent member of the European Commission.
The Juncker Commission is the European Commission in office since 1 November 2014 and is due to serve until 2019.
Karel Antonius Lucia Maria van Miert (17 January 1942 – 22 June 2009) was a Flemish politician of the Different Socialist Party and official of the European Commission.
Leon Brittan, Baron Brittan of Spennithorne, (25 September 1939 – 21 January 2015) was a British politician, Conservative Member of Parliament, and barrister, as well as a member of the European Commission.
Emmanuel Marie Joseph Antony (Maan) Sassen (11 September 1911 – 20 December 1995) was a Dutch politician, who served as European Commissioner for Competition in the Rey Commission from 1967 to 1971.
Term: 1973-1977 Party: CD --> The Malfatti Commission is the European Commission that held office from 1 July 1970 to 21 March 1972.
Term: 1972-1973 Party: SOC --> The Mansholt Commission is the European Commission that held office from 22 March 1972 to 5 January 1973.
Margrethe Vestager (born 13 April 1968) is a Danish politician, who is currently serving as the European Commissioner for Competition.
Mario Monti, (born 19 March 1943) is an Italian economist who served as the Prime Minister of Italy from 2011 to 2013, despite never having been an elected politician, leading a government of technocrats in the wake of the Italian debt crisis.
A Member of the European Parliament (MEP) is a person who has been elected to serve as a popular representative in the European Parliament.
Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are transactions in which the ownership of companies, other business organizations, or their operating units are transferred or consolidated with other entities.
Microsoft Corp v Commission (2007) is a case brought by the European Commission of the European Union (EU) against Microsoft for abuse of its dominant position in the market (according to competition law).
Neelie Kroes (born 19 July 1941) is a retired Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD).
Term: 1973-1977 Party: CD --> The Ortoli Commission is the European Commission that held office from 6 January 1973 to 5 January 1977.
Peter Denis Sutherland (25 April 1946 – 7 January 2018) was an Irish businessman, barrister and politician who served as UN Special Representative for International Migration from 2006 to 2017, Chairman of Goldman Sachs from 1995 to 2015, Director-General of the World Trade Organization from 1993 to 1995, European Commissioner for Competition from 1985 to 1989 and Attorney General of Ireland from 1981 to 1982 and 1982 to 1994.
The Prodi Commission was the European Commission in office between 1999 and 2004.
Raymond Vouel (8 April 1923 – 12 February 1987) was a Luxembourg politician.
The Rey Commission is the European Commission that held office from 2 July 1967 to 30 June 1970.
The Santer Commission was the European Commission in office between 23 January 1995 and 15 March 1999.
Sony Music Entertainment (SME) is a Japanese-owned global music conglomerate owned by Sony and incorporated as a general partnership of Sony Music Holdings Inc. through Sony Entertainment Inc., a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America. (in Japanese), Sony Corporation The company was first founded in 1929 as American Record Corporation and renamed Columbia Recording Corporation in 1938, following its acquisition by the Columbia Broadcasting System. In 1966, the company was reorganized to become CBS Records, and Sony Corporation bought the company in 1988, renaming it under its current name in 1991. In 2004, Sony and Bertelsmann established a 50-50 joint venture called Sony BMG Music Entertainment, which transferred the businesses of Sony Music and Bertelsmann Music Group into one entity. However, in 2008, Sony acquired Bertelsmann's stake, and the company reverted to the SME name shortly after; the buyout allowed Sony to acquire all of BMG's labels, including former Columbia Pictures subsidiary Arista Records as well as RCA Records, and led to the dissolution of BMG, which instead relaunched as BMG Rights Management. Sony Music Entertainment is the second largest of the "Big Three" record companies in the world, behind Universal Music Group (UMG) and ahead of Warner Music Group (WMG). Sony's music publishing division is the world's largest music publisher after the acquisition of EMI. It also owns SYCO Entertainment, which operates some of the world's most successful reality TV format including Got Talent and The X Factor.
A subsidy is a form of financial aid or support extended to an economic sector (or institution, business, or individual) generally with the aim of promoting economic and social policy.
The Thorn Commission was the European Commission that held office from 6 January 1981 until 5 January 1985.
A trial court or court of first instance is a court having original jurisdiction, in which trials take place.