45 relations: Budget of the European Union, Censure, Committee of Permanent Representatives, Committees of the European Parliament, Common Agricultural Policy, Common Commercial Policy (EU), Common external tariff, Common Fisheries Policy, Conciliation, Cooperation procedure, Copyright Duration Directive, Council of the European Union, Decision (European Union), Directive (European Union), Elections to the European Parliament, Enlargement of the European Union, European Commission, European Committee of the Regions, European Council, European Court of Justice, European Economic and Social Committee, European Economic Community, European Ombudsman, European Parliament, European Union, European Union roaming regulations, Filibuster, Leverage (finance), Maastricht Treaty, Member state of the European Union, Open method of coordination, Passerelle clause, Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters, Political groups of the European Parliament, Regulation (European Union), Roquette Frères v Council, Subsidiarity, Treaties of the European Union, Treaty of Amsterdam, Treaty of Lisbon, Treaty of Nice, Treaty of Rome, Universal suffrage, Voting in the Council of the European Union, Withdrawal from the European Union.
The European Union has a budget to pay for policies carried out at European level (such as agriculture, assistance to poorer regions, trans-European networks, research, some overseas development aid) and for its administration, including a parliament, executive branch, and judiciary that are distinct from those of the member states.
A censure is an expression of strong disapproval or harsh criticism.
COREPER, from French Comité des représentants permanents, is the Committee of Permanent Representatives in the European Union, made up of the head or deputy head of mission from the EU member states in Brussels.
The Committees of the European Parliament are designed to aid the European Commission in initiating legislation.
The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is the agricultural policy of the European Union.
The European Union's (EU) Common Commercial Policy or EU Trade Policy is the policy whereby EU member states delegate authority to the European Commission to negotiate their external trade relations, with the aim of increasing trade amongst themselves and their bargaining power vis-à-vis the rest of the world.
A common external tariff must be introduced when a group of countries forms a customs union.
The Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) is the fisheries policy of the European Union (EU).
Conciliation is an alternative dispute resolution (ADR) process whereby the parties to a dispute use a conciliator, who meets with the parties both separately and together in an attempt to resolve their differences.
The cooperation procedure (formally known as the Article 252 procedure) was one of the principal legislative procedures of the European Community, before the entrance into force of the Treaty of Amsterdam.
Council Directive 93/98/EEC of 29 October 1993 harmonising the term of protection of copyright and certain related rights is a European Union directive in the field of copyright law, made under the internal market provisions of the Treaty of Rome.
The Council of the European Union, referred to in the treaties and other official documents simply as the Council is the third of the seven Institutions of the European Union (EU) as listed in the Treaty on European Union.
In European Union law, a decision is a legal instrument which is binding upon those individuals to which it is addressed.
A directive is a legal act of the European Union which requires member states to achieve a particular result without dictating the means of achieving that result.
Elections to the European Parliament take place every five years by universal adult suffrage.
The European Union (EU) has expanded a number of times throughout its history by way of the accession of new member states to the Union.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
The European Committee of the Regions (CoR) is the European Union's (EU) assembly of local and regional representatives that provides sub-national authorities (i.e. regions, counties, provinces, municipalities and cities) with a direct voice within the EU's institutional framework.
The European Council, charged with defining the European Union's (EU) overall political direction and priorities, is the institution of the EU that comprises the heads of state or government of the member states, along with the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission.
The European Court of Justice (ECJ), officially just the Court of Justice (Cour de Justice), is the supreme court of the European Union in matters of European Union law.
The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) is a consultative body of the European Union (EU) established in 1958.
The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.
The European Ombudsman (or sometimes Euro-Ombudsman) is an ombudsman for the European Union, based in the Salvador de Madariaga Building in Strasbourg.
The European Parliament (EP) is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU).
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
The Roaming Regulation 2012 (sometimes called the Eurotariff) regulate the imposition of roaming charges within the European Economic Area (EEA), which consists of the member states of the European Union, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway.
A filibuster is a political procedure where one or more members of parliament or congress debate over a proposed piece of legislation so as to delay or entirely prevent a decision being made on the proposal.
In finance, leverage (sometimes referred to as gearing in the United Kingdom and Australia) is any technique involving the use of borrowed funds in the purchase of an asset, with the expectation that the after tax income from the asset and asset price appreciation will exceed the borrowing cost.
The Treaty on European Union (TEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Maastricht is one of two treaties forming the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU), the other being the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Rome). The TEU was originally signed on 7 February 1992 by the members of the European Community in Maastricht, Netherlands to further European integration. On 9–10 December 1991, the same city hosted the European Council which drafted the treaty. Upon its entry into force on 1 November 1993 during the Delors Commission, it created the three pillars structure of the European Union and led to the creation of the single European currency, the euro. TEU comprised two novel titles respectively on Common Foreign and Security Policy and Cooperation in the Fields of Justice and Home Affairs, which replaced the former informal intergovernmental cooperation bodies named TREVI and European Political Cooperation on EU Foreign policy coordination. In addition TEU also comprised three titles which amended the three pre-existing community treaties: Treaty establishing the European Atomic Energy Community, Treaty establishing the European Coal and Steel Community, and the Treaty establishing the European Economic Community which had its abbreviation renamed from TEEC to TEC (being known as TFEU since 2007). The Maastricht Treaty (TEU) and all pre-existing treaties, has subsequently been further amended by the treaties of Amsterdam (1997), Nice (2001) and Lisbon (2009).
The European Union (EU) consists of 28 member states.
The open method of coordination (OMC) is a relatively new and intergovernmental means of governance in the European Union, based on the voluntary cooperation of its member states.
A passerelle clause is a clause in treaties of the European Union that allows the alteration of a legislative procedure without a formal amendment of the treaties.
Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters (PJCC) was the third of the three pillars of the European Union (EU).
The political groups of the European Parliament are the parliamentary groups of the European Parliament.
A regulation is a legal act of the European Union that becomes immediately enforceable as law in all member states simultaneously.
Roquette Frères v Council was a ruling by the European Court of Justice which annulled a Regulation because the European Council failed to consult with the European Parliament.
Subsidiarity is a principle of social organization that holds that social and political issues should be dealt with at the most immediate (or local) level that is consistent with their resolution.
The Treaties of the European Union are a set of international treaties between the European Union (EU) member states which sets out the EU's constitutional basis.
The Treaty of Amsterdam, officially the Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty on European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts, was signed on 2 October 1997, and entered into force on 1 May 1999; it made substantial changes to the Treaty of Maastricht, which had been signed in 1992.
The Treaty of Lisbon (initially known as the Reform Treaty) is an international agreement that amends the two treaties which form the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU).
The Treaty of Nice was signed by European leaders on 26 February 2001 and came into force on 1 February 2003.
The Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Rome) is one of two treaties forming the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU), the other being the Treaty on European Union (TEU; also referred to as the Treaty of Maastricht).
The concept of universal suffrage, also known as general suffrage or common suffrage, consists of the right to vote of all adult citizens, regardless of property ownership, income, race, or ethnicity, subject only to minor exceptions.
The procedures for voting in the Council of the European Union are described in the treaties of the European Union.
Withdrawal from the European Union is the legal and political process whereby a member state of the European Union ceases to be a member of the union.
Co-decision, Co-decision procedure, Codecision, Codecision procedure, Consultation procedure, Detailed walk through the codecision procedure, EU legislature, European Union legislature, European union legislative procedure, Legislature of Europe, Legislature of the European Union, Ordinary legislative procedure, Union legislator.