284 relations: African rock python, Agkistrodon piscivorus conanti, Airboat, Algae, Algal bloom, American alligator, American crocodile, American green tree frog, American mink, American yellow warbler, Ampullariidae, Anhinga, Anthropologist, Archaeology, Avicennia germinans, Bald eagle, Barracuda, Barred owl, Batis (plant), Belted kingfisher, Big Cypress National Preserve, Bight (geography), Bird of prey, Biscayne Aquifer, Biscayne Bay, Biscayne National Park, Black skimmer, Bobcat, Bromeliaceae, Brown pelican, Bryozoa, Burmese python, Bursera simaruba, Calcium carbonate, Calusa, Canal, Canopy (biology), Cape Coral, Florida, Cape Sable, Cape Sable seaside sparrow, Caribbean, Casuarinaceae, Causeway, Charlton W. Tebeau, Chickee, Chokoloskee, Florida, Cladium, Coastal erosion, Collier County, Florida, Common bottlenose dolphin, ..., Common snapping turtle, Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan, Contiguous United States, Controlled burn, Coral, Crayfish, Creek War, Critically endangered, Crustacean, Dactyloidae, Davie, Florida, Death Valley National Park, Desalination, Dry season, Dry Tortugas National Park, Earthworks (archaeology), Earthworks (engineering), Eastern diamondback rattlesnake, Eastern indigo snake, Eastern meadowlark, Ecosystem, Egret, Eminent domain, Environmental Impact of the Big Cypress Swamp Jetport, Epiphyte, Ernest F. Coe, Everglades, Everglades & Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve, Everglades City, Florida, Everglades Foundation, Ficus aurea, Flamingo, Monroe County, Florida, Florida, Florida Bay, Florida black bear, Florida City, Florida, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Florida Keys, Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, Florida land boom of the 1920s, Florida mangroves, Florida Museum of Natural History, Florida panther, Florida State Road 29, Floridan aquifer, Food web, Fort Myers, Florida, George H. W. Bush, Global warming, Gondwana, Grackle, Gray fox, Great Depression, Great Florida Birding Trail, Grebe, Green sea turtle, Gulf Coast of the United States, Gull, Harry S. Truman, Hawksbill sea turtle, Herbert Hoover Dike, Heron, Highland Beach, Florida, Homestead, Florida, Humidity, Hurricane Donna, Hurricane Katrina, Hurricane Rita, Hurricane Wilma, Ibis, Inbreeding, Indian Territory, Interstate 75 in Florida, Invertebrate, Jet Ski, John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park, Köppen climate classification, Kemp's ridley sea turtle, Ken Salazar, Key Largo, Florida, Key West, Kissimmee River, Laguncularia racemosa, Lake Okeechobee, Leatherback sea turtle, Lee County, Florida, Levee, Limestone, Limpkin, List of birds of Everglades National Park, List of national parks of the United States, List of Ramsar wetlands of international importance, List of World Heritage in Danger, List of World Heritage Sites in North America, Loam, Loggerhead sea turtle, Loggerhead shrike, Lumber, Lygodium microphyllum, Lysiloma latisiliquum, Man and the Biosphere Programme, Mangrove, Mangrove cuckoo, Marjory Stoneman Douglas, Marl, Marl prairie, Marsh rabbit, Melaleuca quinquenervia, Mercury (element), Mercury poisoning, Metamasius callizona, Metopium toxiferum, Miami Herald, Miami metropolitan area, Miami River (Florida), Miami–Dade County, Florida, Miccosukee, Midden, Mississippi River, Mollusca, Monoculture, Monroe County, Florida, Mountain biking, Muhlenbergia filipes, Muscogee, Naples, Florida, Napoleon B. Broward, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, National Audubon Society, National Geographic Society, National park, National Park Service, National Wilderness Preservation System, Native Americans in the United States, Nike Missile Site HM-69, Nitrate, North American river otter, Northern cardinal, Northern mockingbird, Oklahoma, Ooid, Orchidaceae, Palm Beach County, Florida, Paratachardina pseudolobata, Peat, Pelican, Periphyton, Pinophyta, Pinus elliottii, Poaching, Psychotria, Quercus virginiana, Raccoon, Ramsar Convention, Randia aculeata, Recreational fishing, Recreational vehicle, Red fox, Red tide, Rhizophora mangle, Roseate spoonbill, Roystonea, Salicornia, Schinus terebinthifolia, Sea level, Seagrass, Seminole, Seminole Wars, Serenoa, Shark River (Florida), Shellfish, Sinkhole, Slough (hydrology), Snail kite, Social stratification, South Florida, South Florida Water Management District, Spanish moss, Spessard Holland, Sponge, Spring (hydrology), State Library and Archives of Florida, Stingray, Storm surge, Stratum, Succulent plant, Sugarcane, Sustainable tourism, Swietenia mahagoni, Tamiami Trail, Tampa Bay Times, Taxodium, Taylor Slough, Ten Thousand Islands, Tequesta, Tern, The Christian Science Monitor, The Everglades: River of Grass, The Washington Post, Threatened species, Tricolored heron, Tropical monsoon climate, Tropical savanna climate, Turner River Site, U.S. Route 41 in Florida, UNESCO, United States Army Corps of Engineers, United States Congress, United States Fish and Wildlife Service, United States Forest Service, United States House of Representatives, United States Secretary of the Interior, United States Senate, Virginia opossum, Wader, Wake, Walking catfish, Water table, WCTV, West Indian manatee, Wet season, White-crowned pigeon, White-tailed deer, Wild turkey, Windbreak, Wisconsin glaciation, Wood stork, Woodpecker, World Heritage Committee, World Heritage site, Yellow anaconda, Yellowstone National Park, 1926 Miami hurricane, 1928 Okeechobee hurricane. 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The African rock python (Python sebae) is a large, nonvenomous snake of sub-Saharan Africa.
Agkistrodon piscivorus conanti, commonly known as the Florida cottonmouth or green-tailed moccasin,Gloyd HK, Conant R (1990).
An airboat, also known as a fanboat, is a flat-bottomed vessel (jon boat) propelled by an aircraft-type propeller and powered by either an aircraft or automotive engine.
Algae (singular alga) is an informal term for a large, diverse group of photosynthetic organisms that are not necessarily closely related, and is thus polyphyletic.
An algal bloom is a rapid increase or accumulation in the population of algae in freshwater or marine water systems, and is recognized by the discoloration in the water from their pigments.
The American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis), sometimes referred to colloquially as a gator or common alligator, is a large crocodilian reptile endemic to the southeastern United States.
The American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) is a species of crocodilian found in the Neotropics.
The American green tree frog (Hyla cinerea) is a common species of New World tree frog belonging to the genus Hyla.
The American mink (Neovison vison) is a semiaquatic species of mustelid native to North America, though human intervention has expanded its range to many parts of Europe and South America.
The yellow warbler (Setophaga petechia, formerly Dendroica petechia) is a New World warbler species.
Ampullariidae, common name the apple snails, is a family of large freshwater snails, aquatic gastropod mollusks with a gill and an operculum.
The anhinga (Anhinga anhinga), sometimes called snakebird, darter, American darter, or water turkey, is a water bird of the warmer parts of the Americas.
An anthropologist is a person engaged in the practice of anthropology.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
The black mangrove (Avicennia germinans), is a shrub in the acanthus family, Acanthaceae.
The bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus, from Greek ἅλς, hals "sea", αἰετός aietos "eagle", λευκός, leukos "white", κεφαλή, kephalē "head") is a bird of prey found in North America.
The barracuda is a ray-finned fish known for its large size, fearsome appearance and ferocious behaviour.
The barred owl (Strix varia), also known as northern barred owl or hoot owl, is a true owl native to eastern North America.
Batis (turtleweed, saltwort, beachwort, or pickleweed) is a genus of two species of flowering plants, the only genus in the family Bataceae.
The belted kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon) is a large, conspicuous water kingfisher, the only member of that group commonly found in the northern United States and Canada.
Big Cypress National Preserve is a United States National Preserve located in southern Florida, about 45 miles (72 kilometers) west of Miami.
In geography, a bight is a bend or curve in a coastline, river, or other geographical feature.
A bird of prey, predatory bird, or raptor is any of several species of bird that hunts and feeds on rodents and other animals.
The Biscayne Aquifer, named after Biscayne Bay, is a surficial aquifer.
Biscayne Bay (Bahía Vizcaína in Spanish) is a lagoon that is approximately long and up to wide located on the Atlantic coast of South Florida, United States.
Biscayne National Park is an American national park located in southern Florida, south of Miami.
The black skimmer (Rynchops niger) is a tern-like seabird, one of three very similar birds species in the skimmer genus Rynchops in the gull family Laridae.
The bobcat (Lynx rufus) is a North American cat that appeared during the Irvingtonian stage of around 1.8 million years ago (AEO).
The Bromeliaceae (the bromeliads) are a family of monocot flowering plants of 51 genera and around 3475 known species native mainly to the tropical Americas, with a few species found in the American subtropics and one in tropical west Africa, Pitcairnia feliciana.
The brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) is a North American bird of the pelican family, Pelecanidae.
Bryozoa (also known as the Polyzoa, Ectoprocta or commonly as moss animals) are a phylum of aquatic invertebrate animals.
The Burmese python (Python bivittatus) is one of the five largest species of snakes in the world (about the third-largest as measured either by length or weight).
Bursera simaruba, commonly known as gumbo-limbo, copperwood, chaca, and turpentine tree, is a tree species in the family Burseraceae, native to tropical regions of the Americas from South Florida to Mexico and the Caribbean to Brazil, Jinotega and Venezuela.
Calcium carbonate is a chemical compound with the formula CaCO3.
The Calusa were a Native American people of Florida's southwest coast.
Canals, or navigations, are human-made channels, or artificial waterways, for water conveyance, or to service water transport vehicles.
In biology, the canopy is the aboveground portion of a plant community or crop, formed by the collection of individual plant crowns.
Cape Coral is a city located in Lee County, Florida, United States, on the Gulf of Mexico.
Cape Sable, Florida, is the southernmost point of the United States mainland and mainland Florida.
The Cape Sable seaside sparrow (Ammodramus maritimus mirabilis) is a subspecies of the seaside sparrow, a species of bird in the family Passerellidae native to the United States.
The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts.
The Casuarinaceae are a family of dicotyledonous flowering plants placed in the order Fagales, consisting of four genera and 91 species of trees and shrubs native to the Australia, Southeast Asia, Malesia, Papuasia, and the Pacific Islands.
In modern usage, a causeway is a road or railway on top of an embankment usually across a broad body of water or wetland.
Charlton W. Tebeau (1904–2000) was a prominent American historian of Florida.
Chikee or Chickee ("house" in the Creek and Mikasuki languages spoken by the Seminoles and Miccosukees) is a shelter supported by posts, with a raised floor, a thatched roof and open sides.
Chokoloskee is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Collier County, Florida, United States.
Cladium (Fen-sedge, Sawgrass or Twig-sedge) is a genus of large sedges, with a nearly worldwide distribution in tropical and temperate regions.
Coastal erosion is the wearing away of material from a coastal profile including the removal of beach, sand dunes, or sediment by wave action, tidal currents, wave currents, drainage or high winds (see also beach evolution).
Collier County is a county in the U.S. state of Florida.
The common bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus), or Atlantic bottlenose dolphin, is the most well-known species from the family Delphinidae.
The common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina) is a large freshwater turtle of the family Chelydridae.
The Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP) is the plan enacted by the U.S. Congress for the restoration of the Everglades ecosystem in southern Florida.
The contiguous United States or officially the conterminous United States consists of the 48 adjoining U.S. states plus Washington, D.C. on the continent of North America.
A controlled or prescribed burn, also known as hazard reduction burning, backfire, swailing, or a burn-off, is a wildfire set intentionally for purposes of forest management, farming, prairie restoration or greenhouse gas abatement.
Corals are marine invertebrates in the class Anthozoa of phylum Cnidaria.
Crayfish, also known as crawfish, crawdads, crawldads, freshwater lobsters, mountain lobsters, mudbugs or yabbies, are freshwater crustaceans resembling small lobsters, to which they are related; taxonomically, they are members of the superfamilies Astacoidea and Parastacoidea.
The Creek War (1813–1814), also known as the Red Stick War and the Creek Civil War, was a regional war between opposing Creek factions, European empires and the United States, taking place largely in today's Alabama and along the Gulf Coast.
A critically endangered (CR) species is one which has been categorized by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.
Dactyloidae are a family of lizards commonly known as anoles and native to warmer parts of the Americas, ranging from southeastern United States to Paraguay.
Davie is a town in Broward County, Florida, United States.
Death Valley National Park is an American national park that straddles the California—Nevada border, east of the Sierra Nevada.
Desalination is a process that extracts mineral components from saline water.
The dry season is a yearly period of low rainfall, especially in the tropics.
Dry Tortugas National Park is a national park in the United States about west of Key West in the Gulf of Mexico.
In archaeology, earthworks are artificial changes in land level, typically made from piles of artificially placed or sculpted rocks and soil.
Earthworks are engineering works created through the processing of parts of the earth's surface involving quantities of soil or unformed rock.
Crotalus adamanteus is a pit viper species found in the southeastern United States.
The eastern indigo snake (Drymarchon couperi) is a species of large nonvenomous snake in the family Colubridae.
The eastern meadowlark (Sturnella magna) is a medium-sized icterid bird, very similar in appearance to the western meadowlark.
An ecosystem is a community made up of living organisms and nonliving components such as air, water, and mineral soil.
An egret is any of several herons, most of which are white or buff, and several of which develop fine plumes (usually milky white) during the breeding season.
Eminent domain (United States, Philippines), land acquisition (Singapore), compulsory purchase (United Kingdom, New Zealand, Ireland), resumption (Hong Kong, Uganda), resumption/compulsory acquisition (Australia), or expropriation (France, Italy, Mexico, South Africa, Canada, Brazil, Portugal, Spain, Chile, Denmark, Sweden) is the power of a state, provincial, or national government to take private property for public use.
The "Environmental Impact of the Big Cypress Swamp Jetport", unofficially known as the "Leopold Report" or the "Leopold-Marshall Report", was a report authored by hydrologist Luna Leopold of the United States Geological Service for the Department of the Interior and officially released on September 17, 1969.
An epiphyte is an organism that grows on the surface of a plant and derives its moisture and nutrients from the air, rain, water (in marine environments) or from debris accumulating around it.
Ernest "Tom" Coe (March 21, 1866 – January 1, 1951) was an American landscape designer who envisioned a national park dedicated to the preservation of the Everglades, culminating in the establishment of Everglades National Park.
The Everglades is a natural region of tropical wetlands in the southern portion of the U.S. state of Florida, comprising the southern half of a large drainage basin and part of the neotropic ecozone.
The Everglades & Dry Tortugas Biosphere Reserve (established 1976) is a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve in Florida and the Gulf of Mexico.
Everglades City (formerly known as Everglades) is a city in Collier County, Florida, United States, of which it is the former county seat.
Ficus aurea, commonly known as the Florida strangler fig (or simply strangler fig), golden fig, or higuerón, is a tree in the family Moraceae that is native to the U.S. state of Florida, the northern and western Caribbean, southern Mexico and Central America south to Panama.
Flamingo is the southernmost headquarters of Everglades National Park, in Monroe County, Florida, United States, located at the end of the 99-mile (159-km) Wilderness Waterway known as the Ten Thousand Islands, and the southern end of the only road (running) through the park from Florida City.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
Florida Bay is the bay located between the southern end of the Florida mainland (the Florida Everglades) and the Florida Keys in the United States.
The Florida black bear (Ursus americanus floridanus) is a subspecies of the American black bear that has historically ranged throughout most of Florida and southern portions of Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi.
Florida City is a city in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States and is the southernmost municipality in the South Florida metropolitan area.
The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) is a Florida government agency founded in 1999 and headquartered in Tallahassee.
The Florida Keys are a coral cay archipelago located off the southern coast of Florida, forming the southernmost portion of the continental United States.
The Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary is a U.S. National Marine Sanctuary in the Florida Keys.
The Florida land boom of the 1920s was Florida's first real estate bubble, which burst in 1925, leaving behind entire new cities and the remains of failed development projects such as Aladdin City in south Miami-Dade County, Miami's Isola di Lolando in north Biscayne Bay, or Boca Raton as Addison Mizner planned it to be.
The Florida mangroves ecoregion, of the mangrove forest biome, comprise an ecosystem along the coasts of the Florida peninsula, and the Florida Keys.
The Florida Museum of Natural History (FLMNH) is Florida's official state-sponsored and chartered natural-history museum.
The Florida panther is an endangered population of the cougar (Puma concolor) that lives in pinelands, hardwood hammocks, and mixed swamp forests of South Florida in the United States.
State Road 29 (SR 29) is a state highway that runs north–south through Southwest Florida.
The Floridan aquifer system, composed of the Upper and Lower Floridan aquifers, is a thick sequence of Paleogene carbonate rock which spans an area of about 100,000 square miles (260,000 km2) in the southeastern United States.
A food web (or food cycle) is a natural interconnection of food chains and a graphical representation (usually an image) of what-eats-what in an ecological community.
Fort Myers or Ft.
George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993.
Global warming, also referred to as climate change, is the observed century-scale rise in the average temperature of the Earth's climate system and its related effects.
Gondwana, or Gondwanaland, was a supercontinent that existed from the Neoproterozoic (about 550 million years ago) until the Carboniferous (about 320 million years ago).
Grackle is the common name of any of eleven passerine birds native to North and South America.
The gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus), or grey fox, is a carnivorous mammal of the family Canidae, widespread throughout North America and Central America.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
Great Florida Birding and Wildlife Trail (GFBWT) is a 2,000 mile (3200 km) long collection of more than 500 locations in the U.S. state of Florida where the state's bird habitats are protected.
A grebe is a member of the order Podicipediformes and the only type of bird associated with this order.
The green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas), also known as the green turtle, black (sea) turtle or Pacific green turtle, is a large sea turtle of the family Cheloniidae.
The Gulf Coast of the United States is the coastline along which the Southern United States meets the Gulf of Mexico.
Gulls or seagulls are seabirds of the family Laridae in the suborder Lari.
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), taking office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) is a critically endangered sea turtle belonging to the family Cheloniidae.
The Herbert Hoover Dike is a dike around the waters of Lake Okeechobee in Florida.
The herons are the long-legged freshwater and coastal birds in the family Ardeidae, with 64 recognised species, some of which are referred to as egrets or bitterns rather than herons.
Highland Beach is a town in Palm Beach County, Florida, United States.
Homestead is a city within Miami-Dade County in the U.S. state of Florida, between Biscayne National Park to the east and Everglades National Park to the west.
Humidity is the amount of water vapor present in the air.
Hurricane Donna was the strongest hurricane of the 1960 Atlantic hurricane season, and caused severe damage to the Lesser Antilles, the Greater Antilles, and the East Coast of the United States, especially Florida, in August–September.
Hurricane Katrina was an extremely destructive and deadly Category 5 hurricane that caused catastrophic damage along the Gulf coast from central Florida to Texas, much of it due to the storm surge and levee failure.
Hurricane Rita was the fourth-most intense Atlantic hurricane ever recorded and the most intense tropical cyclone ever observed in the Gulf of Mexico.
Hurricane Wilma was the most intense tropical cyclone ever recorded in the Atlantic basin, and the second-most intense tropical cyclone recorded in the Western Hemisphere, after Hurricane Patricia in 2015.
The ibises (collective plural ibis; classical plurals ibides and ibes) are a group of long-legged wading birds in the family Threskiornithidae, that inhabit wetlands, forests and plains.
Inbreeding is the production of offspring from the mating or breeding of individuals or organisms that are closely related genetically.
As general terms, Indian Territory, the Indian Territories, or Indian country describe an evolving land area set aside by the United States Government for the relocation of Native Americans who held aboriginal title to their land.
Interstate 75 (I-75) is a part of the Interstate Highway System and runs from the Hialeah–Miami Lakes border, a few miles northwest of Miami, to Sault Ste. Marie in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
Invertebrates are animals that neither possess nor develop a vertebral column (commonly known as a backbone or spine), derived from the notochord.
Jet Ski is the brand name of a personal water craft (PWC) manufactured by Kawasaki, a Japanese company.
John Pennekamp Coral Reef State Park is a Florida State Park located on Key Largo in Florida, and includes approximately 70 nautical square miles (240 km²) of adjacent Atlantic Ocean waters.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Kemp's ridley sea turtle (Lepidochelys kempii), or the Atlantic ridley sea turtle, is the rarest species of sea turtle and is critically endangered.
Kenneth Lee Salazar (born March 2, 1955) is an American politician who served as the 50th United States Secretary of the Interior in the administration of President Barack Obama from 2009 to 2013.
Key Largo is a census-designated place in Monroe County, Florida, United States, located on the island of Key Largo in the upper Florida Keys.
Key West (Cayo Hueso) is an island and city in the Straits of Florida on the North American continent, at the southwesternmost end of the roadway through the Florida Keys in the state of Florida, United States.
The Kissimmee River is a river in south-central Florida, United States.
Laguncularia racemosa, the white mangrove, is a species of flowering plant in the leadwood tree family, Combretaceae.
Lake Okeechobee,, also known as Florida's Inland Sea, is the largest freshwater lake in the state of Florida.
The leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), sometimes called the lute turtle or leathery turtle or simply the luth, is the largest of all living turtles and is the fourth-heaviest modern reptile behind three crocodilians.
Lee County is located in southwest Florida on the Gulf Coast.
Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed mainly of skeletal fragments of marine organisms such as coral, forams and molluscs.
The limpkin (Aramus guarauna), also called carrao, courlan, and crying bird, is a bird that looks like a large rail but is skeletally closer to cranes.
This is a comprehensive listing of all the bird species recorded in Everglades National Park, which is in the U.S. state of Florida.
The United States has 60 protected areas known as national parks that are operated by the National Park Service, an agency of the Department of the Interior.
This is the List of Wetlands of International Importance as defined by the Ramsar Convention for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands, recognizing the fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and recreational value.
The List of World Heritage in Danger is compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) through the World Heritage Committee according to Article 11.4 of the World Heritage Convention,Full title: Convention concerning the protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage which was established in 1972 to designate and manage World Heritage Sites.
Below is a list of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites located in North America.
Loam is soil composed mostly of sand (particle size > 63 µm), silt (particle size > 2 µm), and a smaller amount of clay (particle size These proportions can vary to a degree, however, and result in different types of loam soils: sandy loam, silty loam, clay loam, sandy clay loam, silty clay loam, and loam. In the USDA textural classification triangle, the only soil that is not predominantly sand, silt, or clay is called "loam". Loam soils generally contain more nutrients, moisture, and humus than sandy soils, have better drainage and infiltration of water and air than silt and clay-rich soils, and are easier to till than clay soils. The different types of loam soils each have slightly different characteristics, with some draining liquids more efficiently than others. The soil's texture, especially its ability to retain nutrients and water are crucial. Loam soil is suitable for growing most plant varieties. Bricks made of loam, mud, sand, and water, with an added binding material such as rice husks or straw, have been used in construction since ancient times.
The loggerhead sea turtle (Caretta caretta), or loggerhead, is an oceanic turtle distributed throughout the world.
The loggerhead shrike (Lanius ludovicianus) is a passerine bird in the family Laniidae.
Lumber (American English; used only in North America) or timber (used in the rest of the English speaking world) is a type of wood that has been processed into beams and planks, a stage in the process of wood production.
Lygodium microphyllum (commonly known as, variously, climbing maidenhair fern, Old World climbing fern, small-leaf climbing fern, or snake fern) is a climbing fern originating in tropical Africa, South East Asia, Melanesia and Australia.
Lysiloma latisiliquum, commonly known as false tamarind or wild tamarind, is a species of tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to southern Florida in the United States, The Bahamas, the Caribbean, southern Mexico, and northern Central America.
Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) is an intergovernmental scientific programme, launched in 1971 by UNESCO, that aims to establish a scientific basis for the improvement of relationships between people and their environments.
A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.
The mangrove cuckoo (Coccyzus minor) is a species of cuckoo that is native to the Neotropics.
Marjory Stoneman Douglas (April 7, 1890 – May 14, 1998) was an American journalist, author, women's suffrage advocate, and conservationist known for her staunch defense of the Everglades against efforts to drain it and reclaim land for development.
Marl or marlstone is a calcium carbonate or lime-rich mud or mudstone which contains variable amounts of clays and silt.
Marl prairies are wet prairies that allow for a slow seepage of overland water and exist in the Everglades, usually bordering deeper sloughs, and contain low-growth vegetation.
The marsh rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris) is a small cottontail rabbit found in marshes and swamps of coastal regions of the Eastern and Southern United States.
Melaleuca quinquenervia, commonly known as the broad-leaved paperbark, paper bark tea tree, punk tree or niaouli, is a small- to medium-sized tree of the myrtle family, Myrtaceae.
Mercury is a chemical element with symbol Hg and atomic number 80.
Mercury poisoning is a type of metal poisoning due to mercury exposure.
Metamasius callizona, or the Mexican bromeliad weevil, is in an invasive species in Florida, USA that targets several species of bromeliad.
Metopium toxiferum (poisonwood, Florida poisontree, hog gum) is a species of flowering tree in the cashew or sumac family, Anacardiaceae, that is native to the American neotropics.
The Miami Herald is a daily newspaper owned by the McClatchy Company and headquartered in Doral, Florida, a city in western Miami-Dade County and the Miami metropolitan area, several miles west of downtown Miami.
The Miami metropolitan area, also known as the Greater Miami Area or South Florida, is the 73rd largest metropolitan area in the world and the eighth-largest metropolitan area in the United States.
The Miami River is a river in the United States state of Florida that drains out of the Everglades and runs through the city of Miami, including Downtown.
Miami-Dade County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Florida.
The Miccosukee Tribe of Indians of Florida is a federally recognized Native American tribe in the U.S. state of Florida.
A midden (also kitchen midden or shell heap) is an old dump for domestic waste which may consist of animal bone, human excrement, botanical material, mollusc shells, sherds, lithics (especially debitage), and other artifacts and ecofacts associated with past human occupation.
The Mississippi River is the chief river of the second-largest drainage system on the North American continent, second only to the Hudson Bay drainage system.
Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusksThe formerly dominant spelling mollusk is still used in the U.S. — see the reasons given in Gary Rosenberg's.
Monoculture is the agricultural practice of producing or growing a single crop, plant, or livestock species, variety, or breed in a field or farming system at a time.
Monroe County is a county in the state of Florida.
Mountain biking is the sport of riding bicycles off-road, often over rough terrain, using specially designed mountain bikes.
Muhlenbergia filipes, gulf hairawn muhly or sweet grass, and syn.
The Muscogee, also known as the Mvskoke, Creek and the Muscogee Creek Confederacy, are a related group of Indigenous peoples of the Southeastern Woodlands.
Naples is a city in Collier County, Florida, United States.
Napoleon Bonaparte Broward (April 19, 1857 – October 1, 1910) was an American river pilot, captain, and politician; he was elected as the 19th Governor of the U.S. state of Florida from January 3, 1905 to January 5, 1909.
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (also known as "NASEM" or "the National Academies") is the collective scientific national academy of the United States.
The National Audubon Society (Audubon) is a non-profit environmental organization dedicated to conservation.
The National Geographic Society (NGS), headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States, is one of the largest non-profit scientific and educational institutions in the world.
A national park is a park in use for conservation purposes.
The National Park Service (NPS) is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, many national monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations.
The National Wilderness Preservation System (NWPS) of the United States protects federally managed wilderness areas designated for preservation in their natural condition.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
The Nike Missile Site HM-69 (also known as Hole in the Donut or Everglades Nike Site or Missile Base) is a former Nike-Hercules missile base, now listed as a historic site west of Homestead, Florida, United States.
Nitrate is a polyatomic ion with the molecular formula and a molecular mass of 62.0049 u.
The North American river otter (Lontra canadensis), also known as the northern river otter or the common otter, is a semiaquatic mammal endemic to the North American continent found in and along its waterways and coasts.
The northern cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis) is a North American bird in the genus Cardinalis; it is also known colloquially as the redbird, common cardinal or just cardinal (which was its name prior to 1985).
The northern mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos) is the only mockingbird commonly found in North America.
Oklahoma (Uukuhuúwa, Gahnawiyoˀgeh) is a state in the South Central region of the United States.
Ooids are small (commonly ≤2 mm in diameter), spheroidal, "coated" (layered) sedimentary grains, usually composed of calcium carbonate, but sometimes made up of iron- or phosphate-based minerals.
The Orchidaceae are a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants, with blooms that are often colourful and fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family.
Palm Beach County is a county in the state of Florida that is directly north of Broward County.
Paratachardina pseudolobata, the lobate lac scale, is a polyphagous and pestiferous lac scale insect, which damages trees and woody shrubs in Cuba, Florida, the Bahamas and the Australian territory of Christmas Island.
Peat, also called turf, is an accumulation of partially decayed vegetation or organic matter that is unique to natural areas called peatlands, bogs, mires, moors, or muskegs.
Pelicans are a genus of large water birds that make up the family Pelecanidae.
Periphyton is a complex mixture of algae, cyanobacteria, heterotrophic microbes, and detritus that is attached to submerged surfaces in most aquatic ecosystems.
The Pinophyta, also known as Coniferophyta or Coniferae, or commonly as conifers, are a division of vascular land plants containing a single extant class, Pinopsida.
Pinus elliottii, commonly known as the slash pine, is a pine tree native to the southeastern United States.
Poaching has been defined as the illegal hunting or capturing of wild animals, usually associated with land use rights.
Psychotria is a genus of flowering plants in the Rubiaceae family.
Quercus virginiana, also known as the southern live oak, is an evergreen oak tree native to the southeastern United States.
The raccoon (or, Procyon lotor), sometimes spelled racoon, also known as the common raccoon, North American raccoon, or northern raccoon, is a medium-sized mammal native to North America.
The Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance especially as Waterfowl Habitat is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable use of wetlands.
Randia aculeata, commonly known as white indigoberry or white indigo berry, is a species in the Rubiaceae.
Recreational fishing, also called sport fishing, is fishing for pleasure or competition.
The term recreational vehicle (RV) is often used as a broad category of motor vehicles and trailers which include living quarters designed for temporary accommodation.
The red fox (Vulpes vulpes) is the largest of the true foxes and one of the most widely distributed members of the order Carnivora, being present across the entire Northern Hemisphere from the Arctic Circle to North Africa, North America and Eurasia.
Red tide is a common name for a worldwide phenomenon known as an algal bloom (large concentrations of aquatic microorganisms—protozoans or unicellular algae) when it is caused by species of dinoflagellates and other organisms.
Rhizophora mangle, known as the red mangrove, is distributed in estuarine ecosystems throughout the tropics.
The roseate spoonbill (Platalea ajaja) - sometimes placed in its own genus Ajaja - is a gregarious wading bird of the ibis and spoonbill family, Threskiornithidae.
Roystonea is a genus of eleven species of monoecious palms, native to the Caribbean Islands, and the adjacent coasts of the United States (Florida), Central America and northern South America.
Salicornia is a genus of succulent, halophyte (salt tolerant) flowering plants in the family Amaranthaceae that grow in salt marshes, on beaches, and among mangroves.
Schinus terebinthifolia is a species of flowering plant in the cashew family, Anacardiaceae, that is native to subtropical and tropical South America (southeastern Brazil, northern Argentina, and Paraguay).
Mean sea level (MSL) (often shortened to sea level) is an average level of the surface of one or more of Earth's oceans from which heights such as elevations may be measured.
Seagrasses are flowering plants (angiosperms) belonging to four families (Posidoniaceae, Zosteraceae, Hydrocharitaceae and Cymodoceaceae), all in the order Alismatales (in the class of monocotyledons), which grow in marine, fully saline environments.
The Seminole are a Native American people originally from Florida.
The Seminole Wars, also known as the Florida Wars, were three conflicts in Florida between the Seminole, a Native American tribe that formed in Florida in the early 18th century, and the United States Army.
Serenoa repens, commonly known as saw palmetto, is the sole species currently classified in the genus Serenoa.
The Shark River is a major distributary of Lake Harney in the southwestern portion of Everglades National Park.
Shellfish is a food source and fisheries term for exoskeleton-bearing aquatic invertebrates used as food, including various species of molluscs, crustaceans, and echinoderms.
A sinkhole, also known as a cenote, sink, sink-hole, swallet, swallow hole, or doline (the different terms for sinkholes are often used interchangeably), is a depression or hole in the ground caused by some form of collapse of the surface layer.
A slough is a wetland, usually a swamp or shallow lake, often a backwater to a larger body of water.
The snail kite (Rostrhamus sociabilis) is a bird of prey within the family Accipitridae, which also includes the eagles, hawks, and Old World vultures.
Social stratification is a kind of social differentiation whereby a society groups people into socioeconomic strata, based upon their occupation and income, wealth and social status, or derived power (social and political).
South Florida is a region of the U.S. state of Florida, comprising the southernmost part of the state.
The South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD) is a regional governmental agency that oversees water resources from Orlando to the Florida Keys.
Spanish moss (Tillandsia usneoides) is an epiphytic flowering plant that often grows upon larger trees in tropical and subtropical climates, native to much of Mexico, Bermuda, the Bahamas, Central America, South America, the southern United States, French Polynesia and the West Indies and is also naturalized in Queensland (Australia).
Spessard Lindsey Holland (July 10, 1892 – November 6, 1971) was an American lawyer and politician.
Sponges, the members of the phylum Porifera (meaning "pore bearer"), are a basal Metazoa clade as sister of the Diploblasts.
A spring is any natural situation where water flows from an aquifer to the Earth's surface.
The State Library and Archives of Florida is the central repository for the archives of state government for the state of Florida.
Stingrays are a group of sea rays, which are cartilaginous fish related to sharks.
A storm surge, storm flood or storm tide is a coastal flood or tsunami-like phenomenon of rising water commonly associated with low pressure weather systems (such as tropical cyclones and strong extratropical cyclones), the severity of which is affected by the shallowness and orientation of the water body relative to storm path, as well as the timing of tides.
In geology and related fields, a stratum (plural: strata) is a layer of sedimentary rock or soil, or igneous rock that were formed at the Earth's surface, with internally consistent characteristics that distinguish it from other layers.
In botany, succulent plants, also known as succulents, are plants that have some parts that are more than normally thickened and fleshy, usually to retain water in arid climates or soil conditions.
Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.
Sustainable tourism is the concept of visiting a place as a tourist and trying to make a positive impact on the environment, society, and economy.
Swietenia mahagoni, commonly known as the American Mahogany, Cuban Mahogany, Small-leaved Mahogany, and West Indian Mahogany,IUCN Red List: is a species of Swietenia native to southern Florida in the United States and islands in the Caribbean including the Bahamas, Cuba, Jamaica, Dominican Republic and Haiti.
The Tamiami Trail is the southernmost of U.S. Highway 41 (US 41) from Florida State Road 60 (SR 60) in Tampa to US 1 in Miami.
The Tampa Bay Times, previously named the St.
Taxodium is a genus of one to three species (depending on taxonomic opinion) of extremely flood-tolerant conifers in the cypress family, Cupressaceae.
Taylor Slough, located in the southeastern corner of the Florida Everglades, along with the much larger Shark River Slough farther to the west, are the principal natural drainages for the freshwater Everglades and the essential conduit for providing overland freshwater to Florida Bay.
The Ten Thousand Islands are a chain of islands and mangrove islets off the coast of southwest Florida, between Cape Romano (at the southern end of Marco Island) and the mouth of Lostman's River.
The Tequesta (also Tekesta, Tegesta, Chequesta, Vizcaynos) Native American tribe, at the time of first European contact, occupied an area along the southeastern Atlantic coast of Florida.
Terns are seabirds in the family Laridae that have a worldwide distribution and are normally found near the sea, rivers, or wetlands.
The Christian Science Monitor (CSM) is a nonprofit news organization that publishes daily articles in electronic format as well as a weekly print edition.
The Everglades: River of Grass is a non-fiction book written by Marjory Stoneman Douglas in 1947.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
Threatened species are any species (including animals, plants, fungi, etc.) which are vulnerable to endangerment in the near future.
The tricolored heron (Egretta tricolor), formerly known in North America as the Louisiana heron, is a small heron.
A tropical monsoon climate (occasionally known as a tropical wet climate or a tropical monsoon and trade-wind littoral climate) is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification category "Am".
Tropical savanna climate or tropical wet and dry climate is a type of climate that corresponds to the Köppen climate classification categories "Aw" and "As".
The Turner River Site is an archaeological site in the Ten Thousand Islands region of Everglades National Park, in Florida.
U.S. Route 41 (US 41) in the U.S. state of Florida is a north–south United States Highway.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is a U.S. federal agency under the Department of Defense and a major Army command made up of some 37,000 civilian and military personnel, making it one of the world's largest public engineering, design, and construction management agencies.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS or FWS) is an agency of the federal government within the U.S. Department of the Interior dedicated to the management of fish, wildlife, and natural habitats.
The United States Forest Service (USFS) is an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture that administers the nation's 154 national forests and 20 national grasslands, which encompass.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the U.S. Department of the Interior.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
The Virginia opossum (Didelphis virginiana), commonly known as the North American opossum, is a marsupial found in North America.
Waders are birds commonly found along shorelines and mudflats that wade in order to forage for food (such as insects or crustaceans) in the mud or sand.
In fluid dynamics, a wake may either be.
The walking catfish (Clarias batrachus) is a species of freshwater airbreathing catfish native to Southeast Asia.
The water table is the upper surface of the zone of saturation.
WCTV, virtual channel 6 (UHF digital channel 46), is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Thomasville, Georgia, United States, serving Southwest Georgia and the Big Bend of Florida (including Tallahassee).
The West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus) or "sea cow", also known as American manatee, is the largest surviving member of the aquatic mammal order Sirenia (which also includes the dugong and the extinct Steller's sea cow).
The monsoon season, is the time of year when most of a region's average annual rainfall occurs.
The white-crowned pigeon (Patagioenas leucocephala, formerly Columba leucocephala) is a species of bird in the family Columbidae (doves and pigeons).
The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the whitetail or Virginia deer, is a medium-sized deer native to the United States, Canada, Mexico, Central America, and South America as far south as Peru and Bolivia.
The wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) is an upland ground bird native to North America and is the heaviest member of the diverse Galliformes.
A windbreak (shelterbelt) is a plantation usually made up of one or more rows of trees or shrubs planted in such a manner as to provide shelter from the wind and to protect soil from erosion.
The Wisconsin Glacial Episode, also called the Wisconsinan glaciation, was the most recent glacial period of the North American ice sheet complex.
The wood stork (Mycteria americana) is a large American wading bird in the stork family Ciconiidae.
Woodpeckers are part of the family Picidae, a group of near-passerine birds that also consist of piculets, wrynecks, and sapsuckers.
The World Heritage Committee selects the sites to be listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the World Heritage List and the List of World Heritage in Danger, monitors the state of conservation of the World Heritage properties, defines the use of the World Heritage Fund and allocates financial assistance upon requests from States Parties.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
The yellow anaconda (Eunectes notaeus), also known as the Paraguayan anacondaMehrtens JM.
Yellowstone National Park is an American national park located in Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho.
The 1926 Miami hurricane, commonly called the "Great Miami" hurricane, was a large and intense tropical cyclone that devastated the Greater Miami area and caused extensive damage in the Bahamas and the U.S. Gulf Coast in September 1926, accruing a US$100 million damage toll that would be the second costliest in U.S. history when adjusted using inflation, population, and wealth normalization, yielding a cost of nearly US$196 billion.
The Okeechobee hurricane, also known as the San Felipe Segundo hurricane, was one of the deadliest hurricanes in the recorded history of the North Atlantic basin.