Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Faster access than browser!

Evolutionary psychology

Index Evolutionary psychology

Evolutionary psychology is a theoretical approach in the social and natural sciences that examines psychological structure from a modern evolutionary perspective. [1]

253 relations: Absolute gain (international relations), Adaptation, Adaptationism, Affective neuroscience, Agent-based model, Altruism, Alzheimer's disease, Anisogamy, Anthony Stevens (Jungian analyst), Anthropology, Archaeological record, Archaeology, Artificial intelligence, Attachment theory, Autism, Baldwin effect, Bateman's principle, Beauty, Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Behavioral ecology, Behavioural genetics, Belief, Biological determinism, Biology, Biology and Philosophy, Biosocial criminology, Bipolar disorder, Bonobo, Bride price, Caricature, Cato Institute, Cecilia Heyes, Cerebral cortex, Charles Darwin, Chimpanzee, Christopher Ryan (author), Cinderella effect, Coalition, Cognition, Cognitive module, Cognitive neuroscience, Cognitive psychology, Collective action, Collective unconscious, Computational theory of mind, Conditionality, Cooperative eye hypothesis, Courtship display, Crime, Criticism of evolutionary psychology, ..., Cultural determinism, Cultural evolution, Cultural neuroscience, Cultural universal, Darwinian Happiness, Darwinian literary studies, David Buss, David P. Schmitt, Deep social mind, Deirdre Barrett, Depth perception, Deterrence theory, Developmental psychology, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Discipline (academia), Donald Brown (anthropologist), Donald Symons, Dual inheritance theory, Dunbar's number, Dwarfism, E. O. Wilson, Emotion in animals, Ethnic nepotism, Ethology, Evolution, Evolution and Human Behavior, Evolution of human intelligence, Evolution of the brain, Evolutionary approaches to depression, Evolutionary biology, Evolutionary developmental psychology, Evolutionary game theory, Evolutionary mismatch, Evolutionary origin of religions, Evolutionary physiology, Evolutionary Psychology (journal), Evolutionary psychology and culture, Exaptation, Factual relativism, False dilemma, Fitness (biology), FOXP2, Francis Heylighen, Frequency-dependent selection, Gamete, Gene-centered view of evolution, Genetics, George C. Williams (biologist), Gestation, Gigantism, Great ape language, Green-beard effect, Group dynamics, Harper (publisher), Heritability, Heuristic, Homo, Honour, Human behavior, Human behavioral ecology, Human brain, Human ethology, Human mating strategies, Human nature, Id, ego and super-ego, Identity by descent, Ideology, Inclusive fitness, Infanticide, Ingroups and outgroups, Inherence, Intellectual disability, Intellectual giftedness, Intelligence, Intersubjectivity, Jerry Fodor, John Bowlby, John Tooby, Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, Karl von Frisch, KE family, Kin recognition, Kin selection, Konrad Lorenz, Lactation, Language acquisition, Leadership, Leda Cosmides, Life history theory, Linda Mealey, List of evolutionary psychologists, Lynn Hunt, Mammal, Margie Profet, Mark van Vugt, Marriage, Mate choice, Mating, Mating preferences, Metatheory, Michael T. McGuire, Michael Tomasello, Mirror neuron, MIT Press, Modern synthesis (20th century), Modularity of mind, Molecular evolution, Morning sickness, Natural science, Natural selection, Naturalistic fallacy, Nature versus nurture, Neuroethology, Nikolaas Tinbergen, Noam Chomsky, Noogenesis, Normal distribution, Offspring, Origin of language, Origin of speech, Ovulation, Ovulatory shift hypothesis, Paleoanthropology, Paleolithic diet, Paleolithic lifestyle, Parental investment, Paul Baltes, Paul Bloom (psychologist), Paul Ekman, Personality disorder, Phenotypic trait, Physiology, Pleistocene, Political entrepreneur, Polymorphism (biology), Primate cognition, Promiscuity, Psychiatry, Psychological adaptation, Psychology, Public records, R/K selection theory, Randolph M. Nesse, Reactionary, Reciprocity (evolution), Relative gain (international relations), Reproduction, Revenge, Reward system, Rhetorical device, Robert Kurzban, Robert Trivers, SAGE Publications, Schizophrenia, Sex at Dawn, Sexual conflict, Sexual fetishism, Sexual jealousy, Sexual reproduction, Sexual selection, Sexual selection in humans, Shadow (psychology), Sickle cell disease, Simulation theory of empathy, Social constructionism, Social neuroscience, Social psychology, Social science, Sociobiological theories of rape, Sociobiology, Sociobiology: The New Synthesis, Spandrel (biology), Springer Science+Business Media, Stabilizing selection, Standard social science model, Stephen Jay Gould, Steven Pinker, Straw man, Supernormal stimulus, Tabula rasa, Terrence Deacon, The Adapted Mind, The Blank Slate, The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, The Evolution of Human Sexuality, The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals, The Language Instinct, The Quarterly Review of Biology, The Symbolic Species, Theory of mind, Third-party punishment, Thomas Givon, Tinbergen's four questions, Tit for tat, Trade-off, Trivers–Willard hypothesis, Universal Darwinism, W. D. Hamilton, W. Tecumseh Fitch, Wason selection task, Westermarck effect, William James, Zoology. Expand index (203 more) »

Absolute gain (international relations)

According to liberal international relations theory, absolute gain is what international actors look at in determining their interests, weighing out the total effects of a decision on the state or organization and acting accordingly.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Absolute gain (international relations) · See more »


In biology, adaptation has three related meanings.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Adaptation · See more »


Adaptationism is the Darwinian view that many physical and psychological traits of organisms are evolved adaptations.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Adaptationism · See more »

Affective neuroscience

Affective neuroscience is the study of the neural mechanisms of emotion.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Affective neuroscience · See more »

Agent-based model

An agent-based model (ABM) is a class of computational models for simulating the actions and interactions of autonomous agents (both individual or collective entities such as organizations or groups) with a view to assessing their effects on the system as a whole.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Agent-based model · See more »


Altruism is the principle and moral practice of concern for happiness of other human beings, resulting in a quality of life both material and spiritual.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Altruism · See more »

Alzheimer's disease

Alzheimer's disease (AD), also referred to simply as Alzheimer's, is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and worsens over time.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Alzheimer's disease · See more »


Anisogamy (also called heterogamy) is the form of sexual reproduction that involves the union or fusion of two gametes, which differ in size and/or form. (The related adjectives are anisogamous and anisogamic). The smaller gamete is considered to be male (sperm cell), whereas the larger gamete is regarded as female (egg cell). There are several types of anisogamy. Both gametes may be flagellated and therefore motile. Alternatively, both of the gametes may be non-flagellated. The latter situation occurs in some algae and plants. In the red alga Polysiphonia, non-motile eggs are fertilized by non-motile sperm. In flowering plants, the gametes are non-motile cells within gametophytes. The form of anisogamy that occurs in animals, including humans, is oogamy, where a large, non-motile egg (ovum) is fertilized by a small, motile sperm (spermatozoon). The egg is optimized for longevity, whereas the small sperm is optimized for motility and speed. The size and resources of the egg cell allow for the production of pheromones, which attract the swimming sperm cells.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Anisogamy · See more »

Anthony Stevens (Jungian analyst)


New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Anthony Stevens (Jungian analyst) · See more »


Anthropology is the study of humans and human behaviour and societies in the past and present.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Anthropology · See more »

Archaeological record

The archaeological record is the body of physical (not written) evidence about the past.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Archaeological record · See more »


Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Archaeology · See more »

Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI, also machine intelligence, MI) is intelligence demonstrated by machines, in contrast to the natural intelligence (NI) displayed by humans and other animals.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Artificial intelligence · See more »

Attachment theory

Attachment theory is a psychological model that attempts to describe the dynamics of long-term and short-term interpersonal relationships between humans.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Attachment theory · See more »


Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by troubles with social interaction and communication and by restricted and repetitive behavior.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Autism · See more »

Baldwin effect

In evolutionary biology, the Baldwin effect describes the effect of learned behavior on evolution.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Baldwin effect · See more »

Bateman's principle

Bateman's principle, in evolutionary biology, is that in most species, variability in reproductive success (or reproductive variance) is greater in males than in females.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Bateman's principle · See more »


Beauty is a characteristic of an animal, idea, object, person or place that provides a perceptual experience of pleasure or satisfaction.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Beauty · See more »

Behavioral and Brain Sciences

Behavioral and Brain Sciences is a peer-reviewed scientific journal of Open Peer Commentary established in 1978 by Stevan Harnad and published by Cambridge University Press.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Behavioral and Brain Sciences · See more »

Behavioral ecology

Behavioral ecology, also spelled behavioural ecology, is the study of the evolutionary basis for animal behavior due to ecological pressures.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Behavioral ecology · See more »

Behavioural genetics

Behavioural genetics also referred to as behaviour genetics, is a field of scientific research that uses genetic methods to investigate the nature and origins of individual differences in behaviour.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Behavioural genetics · See more »


Belief is the state of mind in which a person thinks something to be the case with or without there being empirical evidence to prove that something is the case with factual certainty.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Belief · See more »

Biological determinism

Biological determinism, also known as genetic determinism or genetic reductionism, is the belief that human behaviour is controlled by an individual's genes or some component of their physiology, generally at the expense of the role of the environment, whether in embryonic development or in learning.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Biological determinism · See more »


Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Biology · See more »

Biology and Philosophy

Biology and Philosophy is a peer-reviewed academic journal that publishes articles about philosophy of biology, broadly understood to span conceptual, theoretical, and methodological issues in the biological sciences.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Biology and Philosophy · See more »

Biosocial criminology

Biosocial criminology is an interdisciplinary field that aims to explain crime and antisocial behavior by exploring both biological factors and environmental factors.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Biosocial criminology · See more »

Bipolar disorder

Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a mental disorder that causes periods of depression and periods of abnormally elevated mood.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Bipolar disorder · See more »


The bonobo (Pan paniscus), formerly called the pygmy chimpanzee and less often, the dwarf or gracile chimpanzee, is an endangered great ape and one of the two species making up the genus Pan; the other is Pan troglodytes, or the common chimpanzee.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Bonobo · See more »

Bride price

Bride price, bridewealth, or bride token, is money, property, or other form of wealth paid by a groom or his family to the family of the woman he will be married or is just about to marry.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Bride price · See more »


A caricature is a rendered image showing the features of its subject in a simplified or exaggerated way through sketching, pencil strokes, or through other artistic drawings.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Caricature · See more »

Cato Institute

The Cato Institute is an American libertarian think tank headquartered in Washington, D.C. It was founded as the Charles Koch Foundation in 1974 by Ed Crane, Murray Rothbard, and Charles Koch, chairman of the board and chief executive officer of the conglomerate Koch Industries.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Cato Institute · See more »

Cecilia Heyes

Cecilia Heyes (born 6 March 1960) is Professor of Psychology at the University of Oxford.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Cecilia Heyes · See more »

Cerebral cortex

The cerebral cortex is the largest region of the cerebrum in the mammalian brain and plays a key role in memory, attention, perception, cognition, awareness, thought, language, and consciousness.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Cerebral cortex · See more »

Charles Darwin

Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Charles Darwin · See more »


The taxonomical genus Pan (often referred to as chimpanzees or chimps) consists of two extant species: the common chimpanzee and the bonobo.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Chimpanzee · See more »

Christopher Ryan (author)

Christopher Ryan is an American author best known for co-authoring the book Sex at Dawn (2010).

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Christopher Ryan (author) · See more »

Cinderella effect

In evolutionary psychology, the Cinderella effect is the phenomenon of higher incidence of different forms of child-abuse and mistreatment by stepparents than by biological parents.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Cinderella effect · See more »


The term "coalition" is the denotation for a group formed when two or more persons, faction, states, political parties, militaries etc.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Coalition · See more »


Cognition is "the mental action or process of acquiring knowledge and understanding through thought, experience, and the senses".

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Cognition · See more »

Cognitive module

The Economist, Sep 27th 2007 --> A cognitive module is, in theories of the modularity of mind and the closely related society of mind theory, a specialised tool or sub-unit that can be used by other parts to resolve cognitive tasks.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Cognitive module · See more »

Cognitive neuroscience

The term cognitive neuroscience was coined by George Armitage Miller and Michael Gazzaniga in year 1976.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Cognitive neuroscience · See more »

Cognitive psychology

Cognitive psychology is the study of mental processes such as "attention, language use, memory, perception, problem solving, creativity, and thinking".

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Cognitive psychology · See more »

Collective action

Collective action refers to action taken together by a group of people whose goal is to enhance their status and achieve a common objective.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Collective action · See more »

Collective unconscious

Collective unconscious (kollektives Unbewusstes), a term coined by Carl Jung, refers to structures of the unconscious mind which are shared among beings of the same species.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Collective unconscious · See more »

Computational theory of mind

In philosophy, the computational theory of mind (CTM) refers to a family of views that hold that the human mind is an information processing system and that cognition and consciousness together are a form of computation.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Computational theory of mind · See more »


In political economy and international relations, conditionality is the use of conditions attached to the provision of benefits such as a loan, debt relief or bilateral aid.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Conditionality · See more »

Cooperative eye hypothesis

The cooperative eye hypothesis is a proposed explanation for the appearance of the human eye.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Cooperative eye hypothesis · See more »

Courtship display

A courtship display is a set of display behaviors in which an animal attempts to attract a mate and exhibit their desire to copulate.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Courtship display · See more »


In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Crime · See more »

Criticism of evolutionary psychology

Evolutionary psychology has generated substantial controversy and criticism.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Criticism of evolutionary psychology · See more »

Cultural determinism

Cultural determinism is the belief that the culture in which we are raised determines who we are at emotional and behavioral levels.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Cultural determinism · See more »

Cultural evolution

Cultural evolution is an evolutionary theory of social change.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Cultural evolution · See more »

Cultural neuroscience

Cultural neuroscience is an interdisciplinary field studying how cultural values, such as practices and beliefs, shape and are shaped by the mind, brain and genes across multiple timescales.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Cultural neuroscience · See more »

Cultural universal

A cultural universal (also called an anthropological universal or human universal), as discussed by Emile Durkheim, George Murdock, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Donald Brown and others, is an element, pattern, trait, or institution that is common to all human cultures worldwide.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Cultural universal · See more »

Darwinian Happiness

Darwinian Happiness: Evolution As a Guide for Living and Understanding Human Behavior,, is a 2002 book by the Norwegian biologist Bjørn Grinde from the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Darwinian Happiness · See more »

Darwinian literary studies

Darwinian literary studies (also known as literary Darwinism) is a branch of literary criticism that studies literature in the context of evolution by means of natural selection, including gene-culture coevolution.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Darwinian literary studies · See more »

David Buss

David M. Buss (born April 14, 1953) is a professor of psychology at the University of Texas at Austin, known for his evolutionary psychology theorizing and research on human sex differences in mate selection, with a focus on systems in which males are allowed violence against women in mating.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and David Buss · See more »

David P. Schmitt

David P. Schmitt is a personality psychologist who founded the International Sexuality Description Project (ISDP).

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and David P. Schmitt · See more »

Deep social mind

Deep social mind is a concept in evolutionary psychology; it refers to the distinctively human capacity to 'read' (that is, to infer) the mental states of others while reciprocally enabling those others to read one's own mental states at the same time.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Deep social mind · See more »

Deirdre Barrett

Deirdre Barrett, Ph.D. is an author and psychologist who teaches at Harvard Medical School.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Deirdre Barrett · See more »

Depth perception

Depth perception is the visual ability to perceive the world in three dimensions (3D) and the distance of an object.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Depth perception · See more »

Deterrence theory

Deterrence theory gained increased prominence as a military strategy during the Cold War with regard to the use of nuclear weapons.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Deterrence theory · See more »

Developmental psychology

Developmental psychology is the scientific study of how and why human beings change over the course of their life.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Developmental psychology · See more »

Diabetes mellitus type 2

Diabetes mellitus type 2 (also known as type 2 diabetes) is a long-term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Diabetes mellitus type 2 · See more »

Discipline (academia)

An academic discipline or academic field is a branch of knowledge.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Discipline (academia) · See more »

Donald Brown (anthropologist)

Donald E. Brown (born 1934) is an American professor of anthropology (emeritus).

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Donald Brown (anthropologist) · See more »

Donald Symons

Donald Symons (born 1942) is an American anthropologist best known as one of the founders of evolutionary psychology, and for pioneering the study of human sexuality from an evolutionary perspective.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Donald Symons · See more »

Dual inheritance theory

Dual inheritance theory (DIT), also known as gene–culture coevolution or biocultural evolution, was developed in the 1960s through early 1980s to explain how human behavior is a product of two different and interacting evolutionary processes: genetic evolution and cultural evolution.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Dual inheritance theory · See more »

Dunbar's number

Dunbar's number is a suggested cognitive limit to the number of people with whom one can maintain stable social relationships—relationships in which an individual knows who each person is and how each person relates to every other person.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Dunbar's number · See more »


Dwarfism, also known as short stature, occurs when an organism is extremely small.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Dwarfism · See more »

E. O. Wilson

Edward Osborne Wilson (born June 10, 1929), usually cited as E. O. Wilson, is an American biologist, researcher, theorist, naturalist and author.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and E. O. Wilson · See more »

Emotion in animals

Charles Darwin was one of the first scientists to write about the existence and nature of emotions in animals.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Emotion in animals · See more »

Ethnic nepotism

In sociology, the term ethnic nepotism describes a human tendency for in-group bias or in-group favouritism applied by nepotism for people with the same ethnicity within a multi-ethnic society.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Ethnic nepotism · See more »


Ethology is the scientific and objective study of animal behaviour, usually with a focus on behaviour under natural conditions, and viewing behaviour as an evolutionarily adaptive trait.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Ethology · See more »


Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Evolution · See more »

Evolution and Human Behavior

Evolution and Human Behavior is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering research in which evolutionary perspectives are brought to bear on the study of human behavior.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Evolution and Human Behavior · See more »

Evolution of human intelligence

The evolution of human intelligence is closely tied to the evolution of the human brain and to the origin of language.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Evolution of human intelligence · See more »

Evolution of the brain

The principles that govern the evolution of brain structure are not well understood.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Evolution of the brain · See more »

Evolutionary approaches to depression

Evolutionary approaches to depression are attempts by evolutionary psychologists to use the theory of evolution to shed light on the problem of mood disorders.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Evolutionary approaches to depression · See more »

Evolutionary biology

Evolutionary biology is the subfield of biology that studies the evolutionary processes that produced the diversity of life on Earth, starting from a single common ancestor.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Evolutionary biology · See more »

Evolutionary developmental psychology

Evolutionary developmental psychology (EDP) is a research paradigm that applies the basic principles of Darwinian evolution, particularly natural selection, to understand the development of human behavior and cognition.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Evolutionary developmental psychology · See more »

Evolutionary game theory

Evolutionary game theory (EGT) is the application of game theory to evolving populations in biology.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Evolutionary game theory · See more »

Evolutionary mismatch

Evolutionary mismatch, also known as mismatch theory or evolutionary trap, is a concept in evolutionary biology that refers to evolved traits that were once advantageous but became maladaptive due to changes in the environment.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Evolutionary mismatch · See more »

Evolutionary origin of religions

The emergence of religious behavior by the Neolithic period has been discussed in terms of evolutionary psychology, the origin of language and mythology, cross-cultural comparison of the anthropology of religion, as well as evidence for spirituality or cultic behavior in the Upper Paleolithic, and similarities in great ape behavior.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Evolutionary origin of religions · See more »

Evolutionary physiology

Evolutionary physiology is the study of physiological evolution, which is to say, the manner in which the functional characteristics of individuals in a population of organisms have responded to selection across multiple generations during the history of the population.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Evolutionary physiology · See more »

Evolutionary Psychology (journal)

Evolutionary Psychology is a peer-reviewed open access academic journal published since 2003.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Evolutionary Psychology (journal) · See more »

Evolutionary psychology and culture

Evolutionary psychology has traditionally focused on individual-level behaviors, determined by species-typical psychological adaptations.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Evolutionary psychology and culture · See more »


Exaptation (Stephen Jay Gould and Elisabeth Vrba's proposed replacement for what he considered the teleologically-loaded term "pre-adaptation") and the related term co-option describe a shift in the function of a trait during evolution.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Exaptation · See more »

Factual relativism

Factual relativism (also called epistemic relativism, epistemological relativism, alethic relativism or cognitive relativism) is a way to reason where facts used to justify any claims are understood to be relative and subjective to the perspective of those proving or falsifying the proposition.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Factual relativism · See more »

False dilemma

A false dilemma is a type of informal fallacy in which something is falsely claimed to be an "either/or" situation, when in fact there is at least one additional option.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and False dilemma · See more »

Fitness (biology)

Fitness (often denoted w or ω in population genetics models) is the quantitative representation of natural and sexual selection within evolutionary biology.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Fitness (biology) · See more »


Forkhead box protein P2 (FOXP2) is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the FOXP2 gene, also known as CAGH44, SPCH1 or TNRC10, and is required for proper development of speech and language.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and FOXP2 · See more »

Francis Heylighen

Francis Paul Heylighen (born 1960) is a Belgian cyberneticist investigating the emergence and evolution of intelligent organization.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Francis Heylighen · See more »

Frequency-dependent selection

Frequency-dependent selection is an evolutionary process by which the fitness of a phenotype depends on its frequency relative to other phenotypes in a given population.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Frequency-dependent selection · See more »


A gamete (from Ancient Greek γαμετή gamete from gamein "to marry") is a haploid cell that fuses with another haploid cell during fertilization (conception) in organisms that sexually reproduce.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Gamete · See more »

Gene-centered view of evolution

The gene-centered view of evolution, gene's eye view, gene selection theory, or selfish gene theory holds that adaptive evolution occurs through the differential survival of competing genes, increasing the allele frequency of those alleles whose phenotypic trait effects successfully promote their own propagation, with gene defined as "not just one single physical bit of DNA all replicas of a particular bit of DNA distributed throughout the world".

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Gene-centered view of evolution · See more »


Genetics is the study of genes, genetic variation, and heredity in living organisms.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Genetics · See more »

George C. Williams (biologist)

George Christopher Williams (May 12, 1926 – September 8, 2010) was an American evolutionary biologist.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and George C. Williams (biologist) · See more »


Gestation is the carrying of an embryo or fetus inside viviparous animals.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Gestation · See more »


Gigantism, also known as giantism (from Greek γίγας gigas, "giant", plural γίγαντες gigantes), is a condition characterized by excessive growth and height significantly above average.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Gigantism · See more »

Great ape language

Research into great ape language has involved teaching chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas, and orangutans to communicate with human beings and with each other using sign language, physical tokens, and lexigrams (Yerkish).

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Great ape language · See more »

Green-beard effect

The green-beard effect is a thought experiment used in evolutionary biology to explain selective altruism among individuals of a species.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Green-beard effect · See more »

Group dynamics

Group dynamics is a system of behaviors and psychological processes occurring within a social group (intragroup dynamics), or between social groups (intergroup dynamics).

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Group dynamics · See more »

Harper (publisher)

Harper is an American publishing house, currently the flagship imprint of global publisher HarperCollins.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Harper (publisher) · See more »


Heritability is a statistic used in the fields of breeding and genetics that estimates the degree of variation in a phenotypic trait in a population that is due to genetic variation between individuals in that population.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Heritability · See more »


A heuristic technique (εὑρίσκω, "find" or "discover"), often called simply a heuristic, is any approach to problem solving, learning, or discovery that employs a practical method, not guaranteed to be optimal, perfect, logical, or rational, but instead sufficient for reaching an immediate goal.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Heuristic · See more »


Homo (Latin homō "human being") is the genus that encompasses the extant species Homo sapiens (modern humans), plus several extinct species classified as either ancestral to or closely related to modern humans (depending on a species), most notably Homo erectus and Homo neanderthalensis.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Homo · See more »


Honour (or honor in American English, note) is the idea of a bond between an individual and a society, as a quality of a person that is both of social teaching and of personal ethos, that manifests itself as a code of conduct, and has various elements such as valor, chivalry, honesty, and compassion.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Honour · See more »

Human behavior

Human behavior is the responses of individuals or groups of humans to internal and external stimuli.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Human behavior · See more »

Human behavioral ecology

Human behavioral ecology (HBE) or human evolutionary ecology applies the principles of evolutionary theory and optimization to the study of human behavioral and cultural diversity.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Human behavioral ecology · See more »

Human brain

The human brain is the central organ of the human nervous system, and with the spinal cord makes up the central nervous system.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Human brain · See more »

Human ethology

Human ethology is the study of human behavior.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Human ethology · See more »

Human mating strategies

In evolutionary psychology and behavioral ecology, human mating strategies are a set of behaviors used by individuals to attract, select, and retain mates.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Human mating strategies · See more »

Human nature

Human nature is a bundle of fundamental characteristics—including ways of thinking, feeling, and acting—which humans tend to have naturally.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Human nature · See more »

Id, ego and super-ego

The id, ego, and super-ego are three distinct, yet interacting agents in the psychic apparatus defined in Sigmund Freud's structural model of the psyche.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Id, ego and super-ego · See more »

Identity by descent

A DNA segment is identical by state (IBS) in two or more individuals if they have identical nucleotide sequences in this segment.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Identity by descent · See more »


An Ideology is a collection of normative beliefs and values that an individual or group holds for other than purely epistemic reasons.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Ideology · See more »

Inclusive fitness

In evolutionary biology, inclusive fitness is one of two metrics of evolutionary success as defined by W. D. Hamilton in 1964.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Inclusive fitness · See more »


Infanticide (or infant homicide) is the intentional killing of infants.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Infanticide · See more »

Ingroups and outgroups

In sociology and social psychology, an ingroup is a social group to which a person psychologically identifies as being a member.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Ingroups and outgroups · See more »


Inherence refers to Empedocles' idea that the qualities of matter come from the relative proportions of each of the four elements entering into a thing.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Inherence · See more »

Intellectual disability

Intellectual disability (ID), also known as general learning disability, and mental retardation (MR), is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive functioning.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Intellectual disability · See more »

Intellectual giftedness

Intellectual giftedness is an intellectual ability significantly higher than average.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Intellectual giftedness · See more »


Intelligence has been defined in many different ways to include the capacity for logic, understanding, self-awareness, learning, emotional knowledge, reasoning, planning, creativity, and problem solving.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Intelligence · See more »


Intersubjectivity, in philosophy, psychology, sociology, and anthropology, is the psychological relation between people.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Intersubjectivity · See more »

Jerry Fodor

Jerry Alan Fodor (April 22, 1935 – November 29, 2017) was an American philosopher and cognitive scientist.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Jerry Fodor · See more »

John Bowlby

Edward John Mostyn Bowlby CBE, MA (Cantab), BChir, MD, MRCP, FRCP, FRCPsych, Hon ScD (26 February 1907 – 2 September 1990) was a British psychologist, psychiatrist, and psychoanalyst, notable for his interest in child development and for his pioneering work in attachment theory.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and John Bowlby · See more »

John Tooby

John Tooby is an American anthropologist, who, together with psychologist wife Leda Cosmides, helped pioneer the field of evolutionary psychology.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and John Tooby · See more »

Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior

The Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior is a peer-reviewed academic journal of psychology that was established in 1958.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior · See more »

Karl von Frisch

Karl Ritter von Frisch, (20 November 1886 – 12 June 1982) was an Austrian ethologist who received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1973, along with Nikolaas Tinbergen and Konrad Lorenz.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Karl von Frisch · See more »

KE family

The KE family is a medical name designated for a British family, about half of whom exhibit a severe speech disorder called developmental verbal dyspraxia.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and KE family · See more »

Kin recognition

Kin recognition, also called kin detection, is an organism's ability to distinguish between close genetic kin and non-kin.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Kin recognition · See more »

Kin selection

Kin selection is the evolutionary strategy that favours the reproductive success of an organism's relatives, even at a cost to the organism's own survival and reproduction.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Kin selection · See more »

Konrad Lorenz

Konrad Zacharias Lorenz (7 November 1903 – 27 February 1989) was an Austrian zoologist, ethologist, and ornithologist.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Konrad Lorenz · See more »


Lactation describes the secretion of milk from the mammary glands and the period of time that a mother lactates to feed her young.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Lactation · See more »

Language acquisition

Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language, as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Language acquisition · See more »


Leadership is both a research area and a practical skill encompassing the ability of an individual or organization to "lead" or guide other individuals, teams, or entire organizations.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Leadership · See more »

Leda Cosmides

Leda Cosmides (born May 1957 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) is an American psychologist, who, together with anthropologist husband John Tooby, helped develop the field of evolutionary psychology.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Leda Cosmides · See more »

Life history theory

Life history theory is an analytical frameworkVitzthum, V. (2008).

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Life history theory · See more »

Linda Mealey

Linda Jeanne Mealey (December 17, 1955 in San Diego, California – November 5, 2002) was an American evolutionary psychologist and professor at the College of Saint Benedict.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Linda Mealey · See more »

List of evolutionary psychologists

The following is a list of evolutionary psychologists or prominent contributors to the field of evolutionary psychology.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and List of evolutionary psychologists · See more »

Lynn Hunt

Lynn Avery Hunt (born November 16, 1945) is the Eugen Weber Professor of Modern European History at the University of California, Los Angeles.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Lynn Hunt · See more »


Mammals are the vertebrates within the class Mammalia (from Latin mamma "breast"), a clade of endothermic amniotes distinguished from reptiles (including birds) by the possession of a neocortex (a region of the brain), hair, three middle ear bones, and mammary glands.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Mammal · See more »

Margie Profet

Margaret J. "Margie" Profet (born August 7, 1958) is an American evolutionary biologist with no formal biology training who created a decade-long controversy when she published her findings on the role of Darwinian evolution in menstruation, allergies and morning sickness.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Margie Profet · See more »

Mark van Vugt

Mark van Vugt (born 9 May 1967, Amsterdam) is a Netherlands evolutionary psychologist who holds a professorship in evolutionary psychology and work and organizational psychology at the VU University (Vrije Universiteit) Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Mark van Vugt · See more »


Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity (in-laws and other family through marriage).

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Marriage · See more »

Mate choice

Mate choice, also known as intersexual selection, is an evolutionary process in which selection is dependent on the attractiveness of an individual's phenotypic traits.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Mate choice · See more »


In biology, mating (or mateing in British English) is the pairing of either opposite-sex or hermaphroditic organisms, usually for the purposes of sexual reproduction.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Mating · See more »

Mating preferences

Mate preferences in humans refers to why one human chooses or chooses not to mate with another human and their reasoning why (see: Evolutionary Psychology, mating).

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Mating preferences · See more »


A metatheory or meta-theory is a theory whose subject matter is some theory.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Metatheory · See more »

Michael T. McGuire


New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Michael T. McGuire · See more »

Michael Tomasello

Michael Tomasello (born January 18, 1950) is an American developmental and comparative psychologist; as well a linguist.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Michael Tomasello · See more »

Mirror neuron

A mirror neuron is a neuron that fires both when an animal acts and when the animal observes the same action performed by another.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Mirror neuron · See more »

MIT Press

The MIT Press is a university press affiliated with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in Cambridge, Massachusetts (United States).

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and MIT Press · See more »

Modern synthesis (20th century)

The modern synthesis was the early 20th-century synthesis reconciling Charles Darwin's theory of evolution and Gregor Mendel's ideas on heredity in a joint mathematical framework.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Modern synthesis (20th century) · See more »

Modularity of mind

Modularity of mind is the notion that a mind may, at least in part, be composed of innate neural structures or modules which have distinct established evolutionarily developed functions.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Modularity of mind · See more »

Molecular evolution

Molecular evolution is the process of change in the sequence composition of cellular molecules such as DNA, RNA, and proteins across generations.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Molecular evolution · See more »

Morning sickness

Morning sickness, also called nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), is a symptom of pregnancy that involves nausea or vomiting.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Morning sickness · See more »

Natural science

Natural science is a branch of science concerned with the description, prediction, and understanding of natural phenomena, based on empirical evidence from observation and experimentation.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Natural science · See more »

Natural selection

Natural selection is the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Natural selection · See more »

Naturalistic fallacy

In philosophical ethics, the term "naturalistic fallacy" was introduced by British philosopher G. E. Moore in his 1903 book Principia Ethica.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Naturalistic fallacy · See more »

Nature versus nurture

The nature versus nurture debate involves whether human behaviour is determined by the environment, either prenatal or during a person's life, or by a person's genes.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Nature versus nurture · See more »


Neuroethology is the evolutionary and comparative approach to the study of animal behavior and its underlying mechanistic control by the nervous system.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Neuroethology · See more »

Nikolaas Tinbergen

Nikolaas "Niko" Tinbergen (15 April 1907 – 21 December 1988) was a Dutch biologist and ornithologist who shared the 1973 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Karl von Frisch and Konrad Lorenz for their discoveries concerning organization and elicitation of individual and social behavior patterns in animals.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Nikolaas Tinbergen · See more »

Noam Chomsky

Avram Noam Chomsky (born December 7, 1928) is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic and political activist.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Noam Chomsky · See more »


Noogenesis (Ancient Greek: νοῦς.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Noogenesis · See more »

Normal distribution

In probability theory, the normal (or Gaussian or Gauss or Laplace–Gauss) distribution is a very common continuous probability distribution.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Normal distribution · See more »


In biology, offspring are the young born of living organisms, produced either by a single organism or, in the case of sexual reproduction, two organisms.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Offspring · See more »

Origin of language

The evolutionary emergence of language in the human species has been a subject of speculation for several centuries.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Origin of language · See more »

Origin of speech

The origin of speech refers to the more general problem of the origin of language in the context of the physiological development of the human speech organs such as the tongue, lips and vocal organs used to produce phonological units in all human languages.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Origin of speech · See more »


Ovulation is the release of eggs from the ovaries.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Ovulation · See more »

Ovulatory shift hypothesis

The ovulatory shift hypothesis is the theory that women experience evolutionarily adaptive changes in subconscious thoughts and behaviors related to mating across the ovulatory cycle.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Ovulatory shift hypothesis · See more »


Paleoanthropology or paleo-anthropology is a branch of archaeology with a human focus, which seeks to understand the early development of anatomically modern humans, a process known as hominization, through the reconstruction of evolutionary kinship lines within the family Hominidae, working from biological evidence (such as petrified skeletal remains, bone fragments, footprints) and cultural evidence (such as stone tools, artifacts, and settlement localities).

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Paleoanthropology · See more »

Paleolithic diet

The terms Paleolithic diet, paleo diet, caveman diet, and stone-age diet describe modern fad diets requiring the sole or predominant consumption of foods presumed to have been the only foods available to or consumed by humans during the Paleolithic era.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Paleolithic diet · See more »

Paleolithic lifestyle

In a Paleolithic lifestyle (also known as paleo or primal lifestyle), one attempts to live as humans presumably did in the Paleolithic era (Old Stone Age), or to recreate such a lifestyle in the present day.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Paleolithic lifestyle · See more »

Parental investment

Parental investment (PI), in evolutionary biology and evolutionary psychology, is any parental expenditure (time, energy, etc.) that benefits one offspring at a cost to parents' ability to invest in other components of fitness,Clutton-Brock, T.H. 1991.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Parental investment · See more »

Paul Baltes

Paul B. Baltes (June 18, 1939 – November 7, 2006) was a German psychologist whose broad scientific agenda was devoted to establishing and promoting the life-span orientation of human development.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Paul Baltes · See more »

Paul Bloom (psychologist)

Paul Blöøm (born December 24, 1963) is a Canadian American psychologist.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Paul Bloom (psychologist) · See more »

Paul Ekman

Paul Ekman (born February 15, 1934) is an American psychologist and professor emeritus at the University of California, San Francisco who is a pioneer in the study of emotions and their relation to facial expressions.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Paul Ekman · See more »

Personality disorder

Personality disorders (PD) are a class of mental disorders characterized by enduring maladaptive patterns of behavior, cognition, and inner experience, exhibited across many contexts and deviating from those accepted by the individual's culture.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Personality disorder · See more »

Phenotypic trait

A phenotypic trait, or simply trait, is a distinct variant of a phenotypic characteristic of an organism; it may be either inherited or determined environmentally, but typically occurs as a combination of the two.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Phenotypic trait · See more »


Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Physiology · See more »


The Pleistocene (often colloquially referred to as the Ice Age) is the geological epoch which lasted from about 2,588,000 to 11,700 years ago, spanning the world's most recent period of repeated glaciations.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Pleistocene · See more »

Political entrepreneur

The term political entrepreneur may refer to any of the following.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Political entrepreneur · See more »

Polymorphism (biology)

Polymorphism in biology and zoology is the occurrence of two or more clearly different morphs or forms, also referred to as alternative phenotypes, in the population of a species.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Polymorphism (biology) · See more »

Primate cognition

Primate cognition is the study of the intellectual and behavioral skills of non-human primates, particularly in the fields of psychology, behavioral biology, primatology, and anthropology.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Primate cognition · See more »


Promiscuity is the practice of having casual sex frequently with different partners or being indiscriminate in the choice of sexual partners.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Promiscuity · See more »


Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Psychiatry · See more »

Psychological adaptation

A psychological adaptation is a functional, cognitive or behavioral trait that benefits an organism in its environment.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Psychological adaptation · See more »


Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Psychology · See more »

Public records

Public records are documents or pieces of information that are not considered confidential and generally pertain to the conduct of government.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Public records · See more »

R/K selection theory

In ecology, r/K selection theory relates to the selection of combinations of traits in an organism that trade off between quantity and quality of offspring.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and R/K selection theory · See more »

Randolph M. Nesse

Randolph M. Nesse (born 1948) is an American physician and evolutionary biologist.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Randolph M. Nesse · See more »


A reactionary is a person who holds political views that favor a return to the status quo ante, the previous political state of society, which they believe possessed characteristics (discipline, respect for authority, etc.) that are negatively absent from the contemporary status quo of a society.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Reactionary · See more »

Reciprocity (evolution)

Reciprocity in evolutionary biology refers to mechanisms whereby the evolution of cooperative or altruistic behaviour may be favoured by the probability of future mutual interactions.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Reciprocity (evolution) · See more »

Relative gain (international relations)

Relative gain, in international relations, is the actions of states only in respect to power balances and without regard to other factors, such as economics.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Relative gain (international relations) · See more »


Reproduction (or procreation or breeding) is the biological process by which new individual organisms – "offspring" – are produced from their "parents".

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Reproduction · See more »


Revenge is a form of justice enacted in the absence or defiance of the norms of formal law and jurisprudence.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Revenge · See more »

Reward system

The reward system is a group of neural structures responsible for incentive salience (i.e., motivation and "wanting", desire, or craving for a reward), associative learning (primarily positive reinforcement and classical conditioning), and positive emotions, particularly ones which involve pleasure as a core component (e.g., joy, euphoria and ecstasy).

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Reward system · See more »

Rhetorical device

In rhetoric, a rhetorical device, resource of language, or stylistic device is a technique that an author or speaker uses to convey to the listener or reader a meaning with the goal of persuading them towards considering a topic from a different perspective, using sentences designed to encourage or provoke an emotional display of a given perspective or action.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Rhetorical device · See more »

Robert Kurzban

Robert Kurzban is a professor of psychology at the University of Pennsylvania, specializing in evolutionary psychology.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Robert Kurzban · See more »

Robert Trivers

Robert Ludlow "Bob" Trivers (born February 19, 1943) is an American evolutionary biologist and sociobiologist.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Robert Trivers · See more »

SAGE Publications

SAGE Publishing is an independent publishing company founded in 1965 in New York by Sara Miller McCune and now based in California.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and SAGE Publications · See more »


Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior and failure to understand reality.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Schizophrenia · See more »

Sex at Dawn

Sex at Dawn: The Prehistoric Origins of Modern Sexuality is a book dealing with the evolution of monogamy in humans and human mating systems.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Sex at Dawn · See more »

Sexual conflict

Sexual conflict or sexual antagonism occurs when the two sexes have conflicting optimal fitness strategies concerning reproduction, particularly over the mode and frequency of mating, potentially leading to an evolutionary arms race between males and females.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Sexual conflict · See more »

Sexual fetishism

Sexual fetishism or erotic fetishism is a sexual fixation on a nonliving object or nongenital body part.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Sexual fetishism · See more »

Sexual jealousy

Sexual jealousy is a special form of jealousy in sexual relationships, present in animals that reproduce through internal fertilization, and is based on suspected or imminent sexual infidelity.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Sexual jealousy · See more »

Sexual reproduction

Sexual reproduction is a form of reproduction where two morphologically distinct types of specialized reproductive cells called gametes fuse together, involving a female's large ovum (or egg) and a male's smaller sperm.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Sexual reproduction · See more »

Sexual selection

Sexual selection is a mode of natural selection where members of one biological sex choose mates of the other sex to mate with (intersexual selection), and compete with members of the same sex for access to members of the opposite sex (intrasexual selection).

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Sexual selection · See more »

Sexual selection in humans

Sexual selection in humans concerns the concept of sexual selection, introduced by Charles Darwin as an element of his theory of natural selection, as it affects humans.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Sexual selection in humans · See more »

Shadow (psychology)

In Jungian psychology, the "shadow", "Id", or "shadow aspect/archetype" may refer to (1) an unconscious aspect of the personality which the conscious ego does not identify in itself, or (2) the entirety of the unconscious, i.e., everything of which a person is not fully conscious.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Shadow (psychology) · See more »

Sickle cell disease

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of blood disorders typically inherited from a person's parents.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Sickle cell disease · See more »

Simulation theory of empathy

Simulation theory of empathy is a theory that holds that humans anticipate and make sense of the behavior of others by activating mental processes that, if carried into action, would produce similar behavior.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Simulation theory of empathy · See more »

Social constructionism

Social constructionism or the social construction of reality (also social concept) is a theory of knowledge in sociology and communication theory that examines the development of jointly constructed understandings of the world that form the basis for shared assumptions about reality.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Social constructionism · See more »

Social neuroscience

Social neuroscience is an interdisciplinary field devoted to understanding how biological systems implement social processes and behavior, and to using biological concepts and methods to inform and refine theories of social processes and behavior.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Social neuroscience · See more »

Social psychology

Social psychology is the study of how people's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Social psychology · See more »

Social science

Social science is a major category of academic disciplines, concerned with society and the relationships among individuals within a society.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Social science · See more »

Sociobiological theories of rape

Sociobiological theories of rape explore how evolutionary adaptation influences the psychology of rapists.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Sociobiological theories of rape · See more »


Sociobiology is a field of biology that aims to examine and explain social behavior in terms of evolution.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Sociobiology · See more »

Sociobiology: The New Synthesis

Sociobiology: The New Synthesis (1975; 25th anniversary edition 2000) is a book by the biologist E. O. Wilson.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Sociobiology: The New Synthesis · See more »

Spandrel (biology)

In evolutionary biology, a spandrel is a phenotypic characteristic that is a byproduct of the evolution of some other characteristic, rather than a direct product of adaptive selection.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Spandrel (biology) · See more »

Springer Science+Business Media

Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Springer Science+Business Media · See more »

Stabilizing selection

Stabilizing selection (not to be confused with negative or purifying selection) is a type of natural selection in which the population mean stabilizes on a particular non-extreme trait value.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Stabilizing selection · See more »

Standard social science model

The term standard social science model (SSSM) was first introduced by John Tooby and Leda Cosmides in the 1992 edited volume The Adapted Mind.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Standard social science model · See more »

Stephen Jay Gould

Stephen Jay Gould (September 10, 1941 – May 20, 2002) was an American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, and historian of science.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Stephen Jay Gould · See more »

Steven Pinker

Steven Arthur Pinker (born September 18, 1954) is a Canadian-American cognitive psychologist, linguist, and popular science author.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Steven Pinker · See more »

Straw man

A straw man is a common form of argument and is an informal fallacy based on giving the impression of refuting an opponent's argument, while actually refuting an argument that was not presented by that opponent.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Straw man · See more »

Supernormal stimulus

A supernormal stimulus or superstimulus is an exaggerated version of a stimulus to which there is an existing response tendency, or any stimulus that elicits a response more strongly than the stimulus for which it evolved.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Supernormal stimulus · See more »

Tabula rasa

Tabula rasa refers to the epistemological idea that individuals are born without built-in mental content and that therefore all knowledge comes from experience or perception.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Tabula rasa · See more »

Terrence Deacon

Terrence William Deacon (born 1950) is an American Neuroanthropologist (Ph.D. in Biological Anthropology, Harvard University 1984).

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Terrence Deacon · See more »

The Adapted Mind

The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture is a 1992 book edited by the anthropologist Jerome H. Barkow, the psychologist Leda Cosmides and the anthropologist John Tooby.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and The Adapted Mind · See more »

The Blank Slate

The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature is a best-selling 2002 book by Steven Pinker, in which the author makes a case against tabula rasa models in the social sciences, arguing that human behavior is substantially shaped by evolutionary psychological adaptations.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and The Blank Slate · See more »

The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex

The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex is a book by English naturalist Charles Darwin, first published in 1871, which applies evolutionary theory to human evolution, and details his theory of sexual selection, a form of biological adaptation distinct from, yet interconnected with, natural selection.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex · See more »

The Evolution of Human Sexuality

The Evolution of Human Sexuality is a 1979 book about human sexuality by the anthropologist Donald Symons, in which the author discusses topics such as human sexual anatomy, ovulation, orgasm, homosexuality, sexual promiscuity, and rape, attempting to show how evolutionary concepts can be applied to humans.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and The Evolution of Human Sexuality · See more »

The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals

The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals is Charles Darwin's third major work of evolutionary theory, following On The Origin of Species (1859) and The Descent of Man (1871).

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals · See more »

The Language Instinct

The Language Instinct is a 1994 book by Steven Pinker, written for a general audience.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and The Language Instinct · See more »

The Quarterly Review of Biology

The Quarterly Review of Biology is a peer reviewed scientific journal covering all aspects of biology.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and The Quarterly Review of Biology · See more »

The Symbolic Species

The Symbolic Species is a 1997 book by biological anthropologist Terrence Deacon on the evolution of language.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and The Symbolic Species · See more »

Theory of mind

Theory of mind is the ability to attribute mental states—beliefs, intents, desires, emotions, knowledge, etc.—to oneself, and to others, and to understand that others have beliefs, desires, intentions, and perspectives that are different from one's own.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Theory of mind · See more »

Third-party punishment

Third-party punishment, or altruistic punishment, is punishment of a transgressor (first party) which is administered, not by a victim of the transgression (second party), but rather by a third party not directly affected by the transgression.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Third-party punishment · See more »

Thomas Givon

Thomas Givon (also known as Talmy Givón) (born June 22, 1936) is a linguist and writer.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Thomas Givon · See more »

Tinbergen's four questions

Tinbergen's four questions, named after Nikolaas Tinbergen and based on Aristotle's four causes, are complementary categories of explanations for behaviour.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Tinbergen's four questions · See more »

Tit for tat

Tit for tat is an English saying meaning "equivalent retaliation".

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Tit for tat · See more »


A trade-off (or tradeoff) is a situational decision that involves diminishing or losing one quality, quantity or property of a set or design in return for gains in other aspects.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Trade-off · See more »

Trivers–Willard hypothesis

In evolutionary biology and evolutionary psychology, the Trivers–Willard hypothesis, formally proposed by Robert Trivers and Dan Willard, suggests that female mammals are able to adjust offspring sex ratio in response to their maternal condition.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Trivers–Willard hypothesis · See more »

Universal Darwinism

Universal Darwinism (also known as generalized Darwinism, universal selection theory, or Darwinian metaphysics) refers to a variety of approaches that extend the theory of Darwinism beyond its original domain of biological evolution on Earth.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Universal Darwinism · See more »

W. D. Hamilton

William Donald Hamilton, FRS (1 August 1936 – 7 March 2000) was an English evolutionary biologist, widely recognised as one of the most significant evolutionary theorists of the 20th century.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and W. D. Hamilton · See more »

W. Tecumseh Fitch

William Tecumseh Sherman Fitch III (born 1963)http://homepage.univie.ac.at/tecumseh.fitch/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/FitchCV2011.pdf is an American evolutionary biologist and cognitive scientist, and at the University of Vienna (Vienna, Austria), where he is co-founder of the Department of Cognitive Biology.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and W. Tecumseh Fitch · See more »

Wason selection task

The Wason selection task (or four-card problem) is a logic puzzle devised by Peter Cathcart Wason in 1966.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Wason selection task · See more »

Westermarck effect

The Westermarck effect, or reverse sexual imprinting, is a hypothetical psychological effect through which people who live in close domestic proximity during the first few years of their lives become desensitized to sexual attraction.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Westermarck effect · See more »

William James

William James (January 11, 1842 – August 26, 1910) was an American philosopher and psychologist, and the first educator to offer a psychology course in the United States.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and William James · See more »


Zoology or animal biology is the branch of biology that studies the animal kingdom, including the structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits, and distribution of all animals, both living and extinct, and how they interact with their ecosystems.

New!!: Evolutionary psychology and Zoology · See more »

Redirects here:

Bibliography of evolution and human behavior, Environment of Evolutionary Adaptedness, Environment of evolutionary adaptedness, Era of evolutionary adaptedness, Evo-psych, Evolutionary Psychology, Evolutionary developmental psychopathology, Evolutionary psychologist, Evolutionary psychologists, Evolutionary psychology controversies, Evolutionary psychology controversy, Psychoevolutionary theory.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evolutionary_psychology

Hey! We are on Facebook now! »