40 relations: Authority, Cabinet (government), Constitution, De facto, Decree, Defence minister, Diarchy, Diplomatic service, Executive order, Finance minister, Fiscal policy, Foreign minister, Foreign policy, Foreign relations, Government budget, Head of government, Head of state, Interior ministry, Judiciary, Justice ministry, Law, Law reform, Legislature, Military, Minister (government), Monarch, Moral responsibility, Motion of no confidence, Parliamentary system, Police, Political system, President, Presidential system, Prime minister, Regulation, Rule according to higher law, Separation of powers, State (polity), Supreme leader, Westminster system.
Authority derives from the Latin word and is a concept used to indicate the foundational right to exercise power, which can be formalized by the State and exercised by way of judges, monarchs, rulers, police officers or other appointed executives of government, or the ecclesiastical or priestly appointed representatives of a higher spiritual power (God or other deities).
A cabinet is a body of high-ranking state officials, typically consisting of the top leaders of the executive branch.
A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed.
In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.
A decree is a rule of law usually issued by a head of state (such as the president of a republic or a monarch), according to certain procedures (usually established in a constitution).
The title Defence Minister, Minister for Defence, Minister of National Defense, Secretary of Defence, Secretary of State for Defense or some similar variation, is assigned to the person in a cabinet position in charge of a Ministry of Defence, which regulates the armed forces in sovereign states.
A diarchy (from Greek δι-, di-, "double", and -αρχία, -arkhía, "ruled").
Diplomatic service is the body of diplomats and foreign policy officers maintained by the government of a country to communicate with the governments of other countries.
In the United States, an executive order is a directive issued by the President of the United States that manages operations of the federal government and has the force of law.
A finance minister is an executive or cabinet position in charge of one or more of government finances, economic policy and financial regulation.
In economics and political science, fiscal policy is the use of government revenue collection (mainly taxes) and expenditure (spending) to influence the economy.
A foreign minister or minister of foreign affairs (less commonly for foreign affairs) is generally a cabinet minister in charge of a state's foreign policy and relations.
A country's foreign policy, also called foreign relations or foreign affairs policy, consists of self-interest strategies chosen by the state to safeguard its national interests and to achieve goals within its international relations milieu.
Foreign relations or foreign affairs is the management of relationships and dealings between two countries.
A government budget is an annual financial statement presenting the government's proposed revenues and spending for a financial year that is often passed by the legislature, approved by the chief executive or president and presented by the Finance Minister to the nation.
A head of government (or chief of government) is a generic term used for either the highest or second highest official in the executive branch of a sovereign state, a federated state, or a self-governing colony, (commonly referred to as countries, nations or nation-states) who often presides over a cabinet, a group of ministers or secretaries who lead executive departments.
A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona that officially represents the national unity and legitimacy of a sovereign state.
An interior ministry (sometimes ministry of internal affairs or ministry of home affairs) is a government ministry typically responsible for policing, emergency management, national security, registration, supervision of local governments, conduct of elections, public administration and immigration matters.
The judiciary (also known as the judicial system or court system) is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state.
A justice ministry, ministry of justice, or department of justice is a ministry or other government agency in charge of the administration of justice.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.
Law reform or legal reform is the process of examining existing laws, and advocating and implementing changes in a legal system, usually with the aim of enhancing justice or efficiency.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city.
A military or armed force is a professional organization formally authorized by a sovereign state to use lethal or deadly force and weapons to support the interests of the state.
A minister is a politician who heads a government department, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers.
A monarch is a sovereign head of state in a monarchy.
In philosophy, moral responsibility is the status of morally deserving praise, blame, reward, or punishment for an act or omission, in accordance with one's moral obligations.
A motion of no confidence (alternatively vote of no confidence, no-confidence motion, or (unsuccessful) confidence motion) is a statement or vote which states that a person(s) in a position of responsibility (government, managerial, etc.) is no longer deemed fit to hold that position, perhaps because they are inadequate in some respect, are failing to carry out obligations, or are making decisions that other members feel are detrimental.
A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.
A police force is a constituted body of persons empowered by a state to enforce the law, to protect people and property, and to prevent crime and civil disorder.
A political system is a system of politics and government.
The president is a common title for the head of state in most republics.
A presidential system is a democratic and republican system of government where a head of government leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.
A prime minister is the head of a cabinet and the leader of the ministers in the executive branch of government, often in a parliamentary or semi-presidential system.
Regulation is an abstract concept of management of complex systems according to a set of rules and trends.
The rule according to a higher law means that no law may be enforced by the government unless it conforms with certain universal principles (written or unwritten) of fairness, morality, and justice.
The separation of powers is a model for the governance of a state.
A state is a compulsory political organization with a centralized government that maintains a monopoly of the legitimate use of force within a certain geographical territory.
A supreme leader typically refers to the person among a number of leaders of a state, organization or other such group who has been given or is able to exercise the mostor complete authority over it.
The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government developed in the United Kingdom.
Executive (branch), Executive Branch, Executive arm, Executive authority, Executive bodies, Executive body, Executive branch, Executive branch of government, Executive department, Executive government, Executive power, Executive powers, Government (executive), The executive, U.S. Executive agency.