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Exchangeable image file format (officially Exif, according to JEIDA/JEITA/CIPA specifications) is a standard that specifies the formats for images, sound, and ancillary tags used by digital cameras (including smartphones), scanners and other systems handling image and sound files recorded by digital cameras. [1]

78 relations: Accelerometer, Adaptive differential pulse-code modulation, Adobe RGB color space, Adobe Systems, Aperture, Belize, C (programming language), C++, Camera & Imaging Products Association, CBS News, Comparison of image viewers, Comparison of metadata editors, Design rule for Camera File system, Digital camera, Digital Photo Professional, Digital photography, Discrete cosine transform, Dissident, Dots per inch, Edward Snowden, Euclidean vector, ExifTool, Extensible Metadata Platform, File format, Film speed, FlashPix, Flickr, Focal length, G.711, Geotagged photograph, GIF, Global Positioning System, GPS tracking unit, Graphics software, Guatemala, Hewlett-Packard, Hot shoe, Image, Image file formats, Image scanner, Inertial navigation system, Interactive Multimedia Association, International Press Telecommunications Council, IPTC Information Interchange Model, Japan Electronic Industries Development Association, Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association, Java (programming language), John McAfee, JPEG, JPEG 2000, ..., Kodak, Kodak EasyShare V570, Liquid-crystal display, List of International Organization for Standardization standards, Metadata, Metadata removal tool, Metadata Working Group, Metering mode, Misfeasance, National Security Agency, Panoramio, Pentax Optio, Perl, Pulse-code modulation, Python (programming language), Python Imaging Library, Resource Interchange File Format, Shutter speed, Smartphone, Sound, The Guardian, Thumbnail, TIFF, TIFF/EP, Vice (magazine), WAV, Whistleblower, XKeyscore. Expand index (28 more) »


An accelerometer is a device that measures proper acceleration.

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Adaptive differential pulse-code modulation

Adaptive differential pulse-code modulation (ADPCM) is a variant of differential pulse-code modulation (DPCM) that varies the size of the quantization step, to allow further reduction of the required data bandwidth for a given signal-to-noise ratio.

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Adobe RGB color space

The Adobe RGB (1998) color space is an RGB color space developed by Adobe Systems, Inc. in 1998.

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Adobe Systems

Adobe Systems Incorporated, commonly known as Adobe, is an American multinational computer software company.

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In optics, an aperture is a hole or an opening through which light travels.

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Belize, formerly British Honduras, is an independent Commonwealth realm on the eastern coast of Central America.

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C (programming language)

C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.

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C++ ("see plus plus") is a general-purpose programming language.

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Camera & Imaging Products Association

, is a Japan-based organization set up in July 2002 to deal with technologies related to photography.

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CBS News

CBS News is the news division of American television and radio service CBS.

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Comparison of image viewers

This article presents a comparison of image viewers and image organizers which can be used for image viewing.

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Comparison of metadata editors

This article presents a comparison of digital image metadata viewers and metadata editors.

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Design rule for Camera File system

Design rule for Camera File system (DCF) is a JEITA specification (number CP-3461) which defines a file system for digital cameras, including the directory structure, file naming method, character set, file format, and metadata format.

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Digital camera

A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.

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Digital Photo Professional

Digital Photo Professional (DPP) is the software that Canon ships with its digital SLR (and some of its compacts, e.g. the Canon PowerShot S90) cameras for editing and asset management of its Canon raw (.CR2) files.

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Digital photography

Digital photography is a form of photography that uses cameras containing arrays of electronic photodetectors to capture images focused by a lens, as opposed to an exposure on photographic film.

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Discrete cosine transform

A discrete cosine transform (DCT) expresses a finite sequence of data points in terms of a sum of cosine functions oscillating at different frequencies.

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A dissident, broadly defined, is a person who actively challenges an established doctrine, policy, or institution.

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Dots per inch

Dots per inch (DPI, or dpi) is a measure of spatial printing or video or image scanner dot density, in particular the number of individual dots that can be placed in a line within the span of 1 inch (2.54 cm).

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Edward Snowden

Edward Joseph Snowden (born June 21, 1983) is an American computer professional, former Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) employee, and former contractor for the United States government who copied and leaked classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) in 2013 without authorization.

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Euclidean vector

In mathematics, physics, and engineering, a Euclidean vector (sometimes called a geometric or spatial vector, or—as here—simply a vector) is a geometric object that has magnitude (or length) and direction.

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ExifTool is a free and open-source software program for reading, writing, and manipulating image, audio, video, and PDF metadata.

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Extensible Metadata Platform

The Extensible Metadata Platform (XMP) is an ISO standard, originally created by Adobe Systems Inc., for the creation, processing and interchange of standardized and custom metadata for digital documents and data sets.

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File format

A file format is a standard way that information is encoded for storage in a computer file.

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Film speed

Film speed is the measure of a photographic film's sensitivity to light, determined by sensitometry and measured on various numerical scales, the most recent being the ISO system.

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FlashPix is a bitmapped computer graphics file format where the image is saved in more than one resolution.

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Flickr (pronounced "flicker") is an image hosting service and video hosting service.

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Focal length

The focal length of an optical system is a measure of how strongly the system converges or diverges light.

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G.711 is an ITU-T standard for audio companding.

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Geotagged photograph

A geotagged photograph is a photograph which is associated with a geographical location by geotagging.

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The Graphics Interchange Format, better known by its acronym GIF, is a bitmap image format that was developed by a team at the bulletin board service (BBS) provider CompuServe led by American computer scientist Steve Wilhite on June 15, 1987.

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Global Positioning System

The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.

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GPS tracking unit

A GPS tracking unit is a GPS device, normally carried by a moving vehicle or person, that uses the Global Positioning System (GPS) to track the device’s movements, at intervals, and to determine its location, and its carrier.

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Graphics software

In computer graphics, graphics software refers to a program or collection of programs that enable a person to manipulate images or models visually on a computer.

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Guatemala, officially the Republic of Guatemala (República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, the Pacific Ocean to the southwest, Belize to the northeast, the Caribbean to the east, Honduras to the east and El Salvador to the southeast.

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The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.

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Hot shoe

Canon EOS 350D Hot shoe Proprietary hot shoe used by Minolta and older Sony cameras (Konica Minolta Maxxum 7D) A hot shoe is a mounting point on the top of a camera to attach a flash unit and other compatible accessories.

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An image (from imago) is an artifact that depicts visual perception, for example, a photo or a two-dimensional picture, that has a similar appearance to some subject—usually a physical object or a person, thus providing a depiction of it.

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Image file formats

Image file formats are standardized means of organizing and storing digital images.

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Image scanner

An image scanner—often abbreviated to just scanner, although the term is ambiguous out of context (barcode scanner, CT scanner etc.)—is a device that optically scans images, printed text, handwriting or an object and converts it to a digital image.

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Inertial navigation system

An inertial navigation system (INS) is a navigation aid that uses a computer, motion sensors (accelerometers), rotation sensors (gyroscopes), and occasionally magnetic sensors (magnetometers) to continuously calculate by dead reckoning the position, the orientation, and the velocity (direction and speed of movement) of a moving object without the need for external references.

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Interactive Multimedia Association

The Interactive Multimedia Association (IMA) was an industry association which developed a set of audio algorithms.

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International Press Telecommunications Council

The International Press Telecommunications Council (IPTC), based in London, United Kingdom, is a consortium of the world's major news agencies, other news providers and news industry vendors and acts as the global standards body of the news media.

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IPTC Information Interchange Model

The Information Interchange Model (IIM) is a file structure and set of metadata attributes that can be applied to text, images and other media types.

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Japan Electronic Industries Development Association

The was an industry research, development, and standards body for electronics in Japan.

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Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association

The is a Japanese trade organization for the electronics and IT industries.

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Java (programming language)

Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.

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John McAfee

John David McAfee (born September 18, 1945) is a British-American computer programmer and businessman.

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JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.

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JPEG 2000

JPEG 2000 (JP2) is an image compression standard and coding system.

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The Eastman Kodak Company (referred to simply as Kodak) is an American technology company that produces imaging products with its historic basis on photography.

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Kodak EasyShare V570

The Kodak EasyShare V570 was a 5-megapixel digital camera manufactured by Eastman Kodak.

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Liquid-crystal display

A liquid-crystal display (LCD) is a flat-panel display or other electronically modulated optical device that uses the light-modulating properties of liquid crystals.

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List of International Organization for Standardization standards

This is a list of publishedThis list generally excludes draft versions.

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Metadata is "data that provides information about other data".

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Metadata removal tool

Metadata removal tool or Metadata scrubber is a type of privacy software built to protect the privacy of its users by removing potentially privacy-compromising metadata from files before they are shared with others, e.g., by sending them as e-mail attachments or by posting them on the Web.

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Metadata Working Group

MWG connections to other working groups The Metadata Working Group was formed in 2006 by Adobe Systems, Apple, Canon, Microsoft and Nokia.

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Metering mode

In photography, the metering mode refers to the way in which a camera determines exposure.

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Misfeasance, nonfeasance and malfeasance are types of failure to discharge public obligations existing by common law, custom or statute.

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National Security Agency

The National Security Agency (NSA) is a national-level intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defense, under the authority of the Director of National Intelligence.

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Panoramio is a discontinued geo-located tagging, photo sharing mashup which was bought by Google in 2006.

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Pentax Optio

The Pentax Optio series is a line of consumer digital cameras manufactured by Pentax Corporation.

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Perl is a family of two high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming languages, Perl 5 and Perl 6.

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Pulse-code modulation

Pulse-code modulation (PCM) is a method used to digitally represent sampled analog signals.

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Python (programming language)

Python is an interpreted high-level programming language for general-purpose programming.

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Python Imaging Library

Python Imaging Library (abbreviated as PIL) (in newer versions known as Pillow) is a free library for the Python programming language that adds support for opening, manipulating, and saving many different image file formats.

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Resource Interchange File Format

The Resource Interchange File Format (RIFF) is a generic file container format for storing data in tagged chunks.

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Shutter speed

In photography, shutter speed or exposure time is the length of time when the film or digital sensor inside the camera is exposed to light, also when a camera's shutter is open when taking a photograph.

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A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.

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In physics, sound is a vibration that typically propagates as an audible wave of pressure, through a transmission medium such as a gas, liquid or solid.

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The Guardian

The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.

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Thumbnails are reduced-size versions of pictures or videos, used to help in recognizing and organizing them, serving the same role for images as a normal text index does for words.

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Tagged Image File Format, abbreviated TIFF or TIF, is a computer file format for storing raster graphics images, popular among graphic artists, the publishing industry, and photographers.

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Tag Image File Format/Electronic Photography (TIFF/EP) is a digital image file format standard – ISO 12234-2, titled "Electronic still-picture imaging – Removable memory – Part 2: TIFF/EP image data format".

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Vice (magazine)

Vice is a Canadian-American print magazine focused on arts, culture, and news topics.

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Waveform Audio File Format (WAVE, or more commonly known as WAV due to its filename extension - both pronounced "wave") (rarely, Audio for Windows) is a Microsoft and IBM audio file format standard for storing an audio bitstream on PCs.

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A whistleblower (also written as whistle-blower or whistle blower) is a person who exposes any kind of information or activity that is deemed illegal, unethical, or not correct within an organization that is either private or public.

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XKeyscore (XKEYSCORE or XKS) is a formerly secret computer system first used by the United States National Security Agency for searching and analyzing global Internet data, which it collects on a daily basis.

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Redirects here:

.exif, CIPA DC-008, CIPA DC-008-2009, CIPA DC-008-2009 / JEITA CP-3451A, CIPA DC-008-2010, CIPA DC-008-2010 / JEITA CP-3451B, CIPA DC-008-2012, CIPA DC-008-2012 / JEITA CP-3451C, CIPA Exchangeable image file format, CIPA Exchangeable image file format 2.3, CIPA Exif, CIPA Exif 2.3, CP-3451, CP-3451 / CP-3451-1, CP-3451-1, CP-3451/CP-3451-1, CP-3451A, CP-3451B, CP-3451C, DC-008, DC-008-2009, DC-008-2010, DC-008-2012, EXIF, EXIF extractor, EXIF reader, Exchangeable image file format, Exchangeable image file format 1.0, Exchangeable image file format 1.1, Exchangeable image file format 2.0, Exchangeable image file format 2.1, Exchangeable image file format 2.2, Exchangeable image file format 2.21, Exchangeable image file format 2.3, Exif 1.0, Exif 1.1, Exif 2.0, Exif 2.1, Exif 2.2, Exif 2.21, Exif 2.3, Exif MakerNote, Exif Print, Exif extractor, Exif reader, Exif version 1.0, Exif version 1.1, Exif version 2.0, Exif version 2.1, Exif version 2.2, Exif version 2.21, Exif version 2.3, ExifR98, ExifR98 1.0, ExifR98 version 1.0, JEIDA Exchangeable image file format, JEIDA Exchangeable image file format 1.0, JEIDA Exchangeable image file format 1.1, JEIDA Exchangeable image file format 2.0, JEIDA Exchangeable image file format 2.1, JEIDA Exif, JEIDA Exif 1.0, JEIDA Exif 1.1, JEIDA Exif 2.0, JEIDA Exif 2.1, JEIDA ExifR98, JEIDA ExifR98 1.0, JEIDA ExifR98 version 1.0, JEIDA Recommended Exif Interoperability Rules, JEIDA Recommended Exif Interoperability Rules 1.0, JEIDA-49, JEIDA-49-1, JEIDA-49-1-1998, JEIDA-49-1998, JEITA CP-3451, JEITA CP-3451 / CP-3451-1, JEITA CP-3451-1, JEITA CP-3451/CP-3451-1, JEITA CP-3451A, JEITA CP-3451B, JEITA CP-3451C, JEITA Exchangeable image file format, JEITA Exchangeable image file format 2.2, JEITA Exchangeable image file format 2.21, JEITA Exchangeable image file format 2.3, JEITA Exif, JEITA Exif 2.2, JEITA Exif 2.21, JEITA Exif 2.3, Makernote, Recommended Exif Interoperability Rules, Recommended Exif Interoperability Rules 1.0.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exif

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