38 relations: Barbara W. Tuchman, Battle of Omdurman, British Indian Army, Bullet, Cordite, Customary international law, Dum Dum Arsenal, Express (weaponry), Frangible bullet, Full metal jacket bullet, Game (hunting), Geneva Conventions, Glossary of firearms terms, Gunpowder, Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, Hollow-point bullet, Hydra-Shok, India, International Committee of the Red Cross, John Charles Ardagh, Kinetic energy, Kolkata, Lead, Military necessity, Muzzle velocity, Neville Bertie-Clay, Nitrocellulose, Recoil, Rifling, Saint Petersburg Declaration of 1868, Smokeless powder, Soft-point bullet, Stopping power, Terminal ballistics, The New York Times, United States, .303 British, .577/450 Martini–Henry.
Barbara Wertheim Tuchman (January 30, 1912 – February 6, 1989) was an American historian and author.
At the Battle of Omdurman (2 September 1898), an army commanded by the British General Sir Herbert Kitchener defeated the army of Abdullah al-Taashi, the successor to the self-proclaimed Mahdi, Muhammad Ahmad.
The Indian Army (IA), often known since 1947 (but rarely during its existence) as the British Indian Army to distinguish it from the current Indian Army, was the principal military of the British Indian Empire before its decommissioning in 1947.
A bullet is a kinetic projectile and the component of firearm ammunition that is expelled from the gun barrel during shooting.
* Cordite is a family of smokeless propellants developed and produced in the United Kingdom since 1889 to replace gunpowder as a military propellant.
Customary international law is an aspect of international law involving the principle of custom.
The Dumdum Arsenal was a British military facility located near the town of Dum Dum in modern West Bengal, India.
The term express was first applied to hunting rifles and ammunition beginning in the middle 19th century, to indicate a rifle or ammunition capable of higher than typical velocities.
Frangible bullets are intended to disintegrate into tiny particles upon target impact to minimize their penetration of other objects.
A full metal jacket (FMJ) bullet is a small-arms projectile consisting of a soft core (often lead) encased in a shell of harder metal, such as gilding metal, cupronickel, or less commonly a steel alloy.
Game or quarry is any animal hunted for sport or for food.
Original document as PDF in single pages, 1864 The Geneva Conventions comprise four treaties, and three additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for humanitarian treatment in war.
The following are terms related to firearms and ammunition topics.
Gunpowder, also known as black powder to distinguish it from modern smokeless powder, is the earliest known chemical explosive.
The Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 are a series of international treaties and declarations negotiated at two international peace conferences at The Hague in the Netherlands.
A hollow-point bullet is an expanding bullet that has a pit or hollowed out shape in its tip often intended to cause the bullet to expand upon entering a target as it penetrates and disrupts more tissue.
Hydra-Shok is a type of cartridge with expanding bullets made by Federal Premium Ammunition.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a humanitarian institution based in Geneva, Switzerland, and a three-time Nobel Prize Laureate.
Major-General Sir John Charles Ardagh (9 August 1840 – 30 September 1907), was an Anglo-Irish officer of the British Army, who served as a military engineer, surveyor, intelligence officer, and colonial administrator.
In physics, the kinetic energy of an object is the energy that it possesses due to its motion.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Lead is a chemical element with symbol Pb (from the Latin plumbum) and atomic number 82.
Military necessity, along with distinction, and proportionality, are three important principles of international humanitarian law governing the legal use of force in an armed conflict.
Muzzle velocity is the speed of a projectile at the moment it leaves the muzzle of a gun.
Lt.-Col. Neville Sneyd Bertie-Clay (22 July 1864 – 17 October 1938) was a British army officer.
Nitrocellulose (also known as cellulose nitrate, flash paper, flash cotton, guncotton, and flash string) is a highly flammable compound formed by nitrating cellulose through exposure to nitric acid or another powerful nitrating agent.
Recoil (often called knockback, kickback or simply kick) is the backward movement of a gun when it is discharged.
In firearms, rifling is the helical groove pattern that is machined into the internal (bore) surface of a gun's barrel, for the purpose of exerting torque and thus imparting a spin to a projectile around its longitudinal axis during shooting.
The Saint Petersburg Declaration of 1868 or in full Declaration Renouncing the Use, in Time of War, of Explosive Projectiles Under 400 Grammes Weight is an international treaty agreed in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire, November 29 / December 11, 1868.
Smokeless powder is the name given to a number of propellants used in firearms and artillery that produce negligible smoke when fired, unlike the black powder they replaced.
A soft-point bullet (SP), also known as a soft-nosed bullet, is a jacketed expanding bullet with a soft metal core enclosed by a stronger metal jacket left open at the forward tip.
Stopping power is the ability of a firearm or other weapon to cause enough ballistic trauma to a target (human or animal) to immediately incapacitate (and thus stop) the target.
Terminal ballistics (also known as wound ballistics), a sub-field of ballistics, is the study of the behavior and effects of a projectile when it hits and transfers its energy to a target.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The.303 British (designated as the 303 British by the C.I.P. and SAAMI) or 7.7×56mmR, is a calibre (with the bore diameter measured between the lands as is common practice in Europe) rimmed rifle cartridge first developed in Britain as a black-powder round put into service in December 1888 for the Lee–Metford rifle.
Also known as 11.43x60R (61R) The.577/450 Martini–Henry was a black powder, centrefire round used by the British and British Empire militaries prior to the adoption of the.303 calibre cartridge used in the Lee–Metford, Martini–Enfield, and Lee–Enfield series of rifles alongside the Nepalese Bira gun.