83 relations: Anti-intellectualism, Aptitude, Argument, Authority, CHREST, Cognitive science, Colloquialism, Community of practice, Competence (human resources), Computer science, Consultant, Crank (person), Credential, Denialism, Dialogue, Dimitri Kitsikis, Discourse community, Dreyfus model of skill acquisition, Dunning–Kruger effect, Education, Effectuation, Elitism, Encyclopedia, Epistemology, Excellence, Experience, Expert system, Expert witness, Georg von Krogh, Gibson's law, Harvard Business Review, Herbert A. Simon, Hyperlink, Ikujiro Nonaka, Insider, Intellectual, Judgement, K. Anders Ericsson, Know-how, Knowledge, Laity, Law, Malcolm Gladwell, Many-to-many, Mark Twain, Mats Alvesson, Mikhail Bakhtin, Nature versus nurture, Newbie, Niels Bohr, ..., Noble lie, Novice, Objectivity (science), Official, Opinion, Oxford University Press, Peer group, Perceptual learning, Polymath, Power (social and political), Printing press, Problem solving, Profession, Public, Publication, Pygmalion effect, Reliabilism, Rhetoric, Sage (philosophy), Scholarly method, Skeptical movement, Skill, Specialty (medicine), Sven Voelpel, Technician, Technocracy, The Death of Expertise, Thomas H. Davenport, Training, Tutor expertise in adult education, Will Rogers, Wisdom, Wise old man. Expand index (33 more) » « Shrink index
Anti-intellectualism is hostility to and mistrust of intellect, intellectuals, and intellectualism commonly expressed as deprecation of education and philosophy, and the dismissal of art, literature, and science as impractical and even contemptible human pursuits.
An aptitude is a component of a competence to do a certain kind of work at a certain level.
In logic and philosophy, an argument is a series of statements typically used to persuade someone of something or to present reasons for accepting a conclusion.
Authority derives from the Latin word and is a concept used to indicate the foundational right to exercise power, which can be formalized by the State and exercised by way of judges, monarchs, rulers, police officers or other appointed executives of government, or the ecclesiastical or priestly appointed representatives of a higher spiritual power (God or other deities).
CHREST (Chunk Hierarchy and REtrieval STructures) is a symbolic cognitive architecture based on the concepts of limited attention, limited short-term memories, and chunking.
Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary, scientific study of the mind and its processes.
Everyday language, everyday speech, common parlance, informal language, colloquial language, general parlance, or vernacular (but this has other meanings too), is the most used variety of a language, which is usually employed in conversation or other communication in informal situations.
A community of practice (CoP) is a group of people who share a craft or a profession.
Competence is the ability of an individual to do a job properly.
Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.
A consultant (from consultare "to deliberate") is a professional who provides expert advice in a particular area such as security (electronic or physical), management, education, accountancy, law, human resources, marketing (and public relations), finance, engineering, science or any of many other specialized fields.
"Crank" is a pejorative term used for a person who holds an unshakable belief that most of his or her contemporaries consider to be false.
Examples of credentials include academic diplomas, academic degrees, certifications, security clearances, identification documents, badges, passwords, user names, keys, powers of attorney, and so on.
In the psychology of human behavior, denialism is a person's choice to deny reality, as a way to avoid a psychologically uncomfortable truth.
Dialogue (sometimes spelled dialog in American English) is a written or spoken conversational exchange between two or more people, and a literary and theatrical form that depicts such an exchange.
Dimitri Kitsikis (Δημήτρης Κιτσίκης; born 2 June 1935) is a Greek Turkologist and Sinologist, Professor of International Relations and Geopolitics.
A discourse community is a group of people who share a set of discourses, understood as basic values and assumptions, and ways of communicating about those goals.
In the fields of education and operations research, the Dreyfus model of skill acquisition is a model of how students acquire skills through formal instruction and practicing.
In the field of psychology, the Dunning–Kruger effect is a cognitive bias in which people of low ability have illusory superiority and mistakenly assess their cognitive ability as greater than it is.
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
Effectuation is a way of thinking that serves entrepreneurs in the processes of opportunity identification and new venture creation.
Elitism is the belief or attitude that individuals who form an elite — a select group of people with a certain ancestry, intrinsic quality, high intellect, wealth, special skills, or experience — are more likely to be constructive to society as a whole, and therefore deserve influence or authority greater than that of others.
An encyclopedia or encyclopaedia is a reference work or compendium providing summaries of information from either all branches of knowledge or from a particular field or discipline.
Epistemology is the branch of philosophy concerned with the theory of knowledge.
Excellence is a talent or quality which is unusually good and so surpasses ordinary standards.
Experience is the knowledge or mastery of an event or subject gained through involvement in or exposure to it.
In artificial intelligence, an expert system is a computer system that emulates the decision-making ability of a human expert.
An expert witness, in England, Wales and the United States, is a person whose opinion by virtue of education, training, certification, skills or experience, is accepted by the judge as an expert.
Georg von Krogh (born 24 May 1963) is a Norwegian organizational theorist and Professor at ETH Zurich and holds the Chair of Strategic Management and Innovation.
In public relations, and in the practice of law, Gibson's law holds that "For every PhD there is an equal and opposite PhD." The term specifically refers to the conflict between testimony of expert witnesses called by opposing parties in a trial under an adversarial system of justice.
Harvard Business Review (HBR) is a general management magazine published by Harvard Business Publishing, a wholly owned subsidiary of Harvard University.
Herbert Alexander Simon (June 15, 1916 – February 9, 2001) was an American economist and political scientist whose primary interest was decision-making within organizations and is best known for the theories of "bounded rationality" and "satisficing".
In computing, a hyperlink, or simply a link, is a reference to data that the reader can directly follow either by clicking, tapping, or hovering.
is a Japanese organizational theorist and Professor Emeritus at the Graduate School of International Corporate Strategy of the Hitotsubashi University, best known for his study of knowledge management.
An insider is a member of any group of people of limited number and generally restricted access.
An intellectual is a person who engages in critical thinking, research, and reflection about society and proposes solutions for its normative problems.
Judgement (or judgment) is the evaluation of evidence to make a decision.
Know-how (or knowhow) is a term for practical knowledge on how to accomplish something, as opposed to "know-what" (facts), "know-why" (science), or "know-who" (communication).
Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning.
A layperson (also layman or laywoman) is a person who is not qualified in a given profession and/or does not have specific knowledge of a certain subject.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.
Malcolm Timothy Gladwell (born September 3, 1963) is an English-born Canadian journalist, author, and speaker.
The many-to-many communication paradigm is one of three major Internet computing paradigms, characterized by multiple users contributing and receiving information, with the information elements often interlinked across different websites.
Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer.
Mats Alvesson, (born 1956), is a Swedish management scholar and Professor of Business Administration at Lund University, particularly known for having made key contributions in forming the field of critical management studies.
Mikhail Mikhailovich Bakhtin (Михаи́л Миха́йлович Бахти́н,; – 7 March 1975) was a Russian philosopher, literary critic, semiotician and scholar who worked on literary theory, ethics, and the philosophy of language.
The nature versus nurture debate involves whether human behaviour is determined by the environment, either prenatal or during a person's life, or by a person's genes.
Newbie, newb, noob, or n00b is a slang term for a novice or newcomer, or somebody inexperienced in a profession or activity.
Niels Henrik David Bohr (7 October 1885 – 18 November 1962) was a Danish physicist who made foundational contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum theory, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1922.
In politics, a noble lie is a myth or untruth, often, but not invariably, of a religious nature, knowingly propagated by an elite to maintain social harmony or to advance an agenda.
A novice is a person or creature who is new to a field or activity.
Objectivity in science is a value that informs how science is practiced and how scientific truths are discovered.
An official is someone who holds an office (function or mandate, regardless whether it carries an actual working space with it) in an organization or government and participates in the exercise of authority (either their own or that of their superior and/or employer, public or legally private).
An opinion is a judgment, viewpoint, or statement that is not conclusive.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
In sociology, a peer group is both a social group and a primary group of people who have similar interests (homophily), age, background, or social status.
Perceptual learning is learning better perception skills such as differentiating two musical tones from one another or categorizations of spatial and temporal patterns relevant to real-world expertise as in reading, seeing relations among chess pieces, knowing whether or not an X-ray image shows a tumor.
A polymath (πολυμαθής,, "having learned much,"The term was first recorded in written English in the early seventeenth century Latin: uomo universalis, "universal man") is a person whose expertise spans a significant number of different subject areas—such a person is known to draw on complex bodies of knowledge to solve specific problems.
In social science and politics, power is the ability to influence or outright control the behaviour of people.
A printing press is a device for applying pressure to an inked surface resting upon a print medium (such as paper or cloth), thereby transferring the ink.
Problem solving consists of using generic or ad hoc methods, in an orderly manner, to find solutions to problems.
A profession is a vocation founded upon specialized educational training, the purpose of which is to supply disinterested objective counsel and service to others, for a direct and definite compensation, wholly apart from expectation of other business gain.
In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individual people, and the public (a.k.a. the general public) is the totality of such groupings.
To publish is to make content available to the general public.
The Pygmalion effect, or Rosenthal effect, is the phenomenon whereby higher expectations lead to an increase in performance.
Reliabilism, a category of theories in the philosophical discipline of epistemology, has been advanced as a theory both of justification and of knowledge.
Rhetoric is the art of discourse, wherein a writer or speaker strives to inform, persuade, or motivate particular audiences in specific situations.
A sage (σοφός, sophos), in classical philosophy, is someone who has attained the wisdom which a philosopher seeks.
The scholarly method or scholarship is the body of principles and practices used by scholars to make their claims about the world as valid and trustworthy as possible, and to make them known to the scholarly public.
The skeptical movement (also spelled sceptical) is a modern social movement based on the idea of scientific skepticism (also called rational skepticism).
A skill is the ability to carry out a task with determined results often within a given amount of time, energy, or both.
A specialty, or speciality, in medicine is a branch of medical practice.
Sven Constantin Voelpel (born October 13, 1973 in Munich) is a German organizational theorist and Professor of Business Administration at the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at Jacobs University in Bremen, Germany, known for his work in the field of strategic management, business models and knowledge management.
A technician is a worker in a field of technology who is proficient in the relevant skill and technique, with a relatively practical understanding of the theoretical principles.
Technocracy is a proposed system of governance where decision-makers are selected on the basis of their expertise in their areas of responsibility, particularly scientific knowledge.
The Death of Expertise: The Campaign Against Established Knowledge and Why it Matters is a 2017 nonfiction book by Tom Nichols.
Thomas Hayes "Tom" Davenport, Jr. (born October 17, 1954) is an American academic and author specializing in analytics, business process innovation and knowledge management.
Training is teaching, or developing in oneself or others, any skills and knowledge that relate to specific useful competencies.
Tutor expertise in adult education, through the use of content and process experts, is important in the successful delivery of adult education.
William Penn Adair "Will" Rogers (November 4, 1879 – August 15, 1935) was a stage and motion picture actor, vaudeville performer, American cowboy, humorist, newspaper columnist, and social commentator from Oklahoma.
Wisdom or sapience is the ability to think and act using knowledge, experience, understanding, common sense, and insight, especially in a mature or utilitarian manner.
The wise old man (also called senex, '''sage''' or '''sophos''') is an archetype as described by Carl Jung, as well as a classic literary figure, and may be seen as a stock character.