117 relations: A-Pucikwar language, Aka-Bo language, Aka-Kora language, Akkala Sami language, Alaska, Andaman Islands, Andamanese languages, Arnhem Land languages, Asturian language, Bidjara language, Big Bill Neidjie, Boa Sr, Brazil, British Columbia, Chinese language, Christian, Classical language, Cochin Portuguese creole, Cornish language revival, Corpus language, Corsican language, Creole language, Cromarty dialect, Cultural assimilation, Dongshi District, Dutch language, Eliezer Ben-Yehuda, Endangered language, English language, Ethiopia, Ethnologue, Etruscan language, European colonialism, European colonization of the Americas, Extinct language, Eyak language, First language, Formosan languages, French language, Gaagudju language, Genetic relationship (linguistics), German language, Germanic languages, Ghil'ad Zuckermann, Globalization, Hazel Sampson, Hebrew language, Indigenous languages of the Americas, Israel, Kerala, ..., Klallam language, Kochi, Kola Peninsula, Ladin language, Language, Language change, Language death, Language education, Language revitalization, Language shift, Latin, Latvia, Laua language, Lingua franca, List of languages by time of extinction, List of modern literature translated into dead languages, Lists of endangered languages, Lists of extinct languages, Literary language, Livonian language, Lucille Roubedeaux, Malayo-Polynesian languages, Marie Smith Jones, Mesmes language, Modern history, Modern language, Na-Dene languages, Nancy Dorian, Neologism, Northern Territory, Nuu-chah-nulth language, Nyawaygi language, Oklahoma, Old English, Old High German, Osage language, Pama–Nyungan languages, Pan Jin-yu, Papua New Guinea, Pataxó language, Pazeh language, Pentecost Island, Portuguese language, Queensland, Register (sociolinguistics), Revival of the Hebrew language, Sacred language, Salishan languages, Scots language, Semitic languages, Siouan languages, Sleeping Beauty, Sowa language, Spanish language, Speaker types, Taichung, Taiwan, Terrence Kaufman, Text corpus, The Monthly, Trans–New Guinea languages, Unclassified language, Uralic languages, Vanuatu, Vypin, Wakashan languages, Washington (state). Expand index (67 more) » « Shrink index
The Pucikwar language, A-Pucikwar, is an extinct language of the Andaman Islands, India, formerly spoken by the Pucikwar people on the south coast of Middle Andaman, the northeast coast of South Andaman, and on Baratang Island.
The Bo language, Aka-Bo (also known as Ba), is an extinct Great Andamanese language.
The Kora (Cora) language, Aka-Kora, is an extinct Great Andamanese language, of the Northern group.
Akkala Sami is a Sami language that was spoken in the Sami villages of A´kkel (Russian Бабинский, Finnish Akkala), Ču´kksuâl (Russian Экостровский) and Sââ´rvesjäu´rr (Russian Гирвасозеро, Finnish Hirvasjärvi), in the inland parts of the Kola Peninsula in Russia.
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
The Andaman Islands form an archipelago in the Bay of Bengal between India, to the west, and Myanmar, to the north and east.
The Andamanese languages are a pair of language families spoken by the Andamanese Negritos on the Andaman Islands: Great Andamanese and Ongan.
The Arnhem Land languages are a language family proposed by Evans (1997) of Australian languages spoken across northern Arnhem Land.
Asturian (asturianu,Art. 1 de la formerly also known as bable) is a West Iberian Romance language spoken in Principality of Asturias, Spain.
Bidjara (Bidyara, Pitjara) is an Australian Aboriginal language.
Big Bill Neidjie (– 23 May 2002) was the last surviving speaker of the Gaagudju language, an indigenous language from northern Kakadu after which the World Heritage-listed Kakadu National Park is named.
Boa Sr (circa 1925 – 26 January 2010) was an Indian Great Andamanese elder.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.
Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases mutually unintelligible, language varieties, forming a branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family.
A Christian is a person who follows or adheres to Christianity, an Abrahamic, monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus Christ.
A classical language is a language with a literature that is classical.
Cochin Indo-Portuguese, also known as Vypin Indo-Portuguese from its geographic centre, is an Indo-Portuguese creole formerly spoken on the Malabar coast of India.
The Cornish language revival (lit) is an ongoing process to revive the use of the Cornish language of Cornwall, United Kingdom.
A corpus language is a language without living speakers, while a number of the actual productions of the native speakers have been preserved in some way (usually in written records).
Corsican (corsu or lingua corsa) is a Romance language within the Italo-Dalmatian subfamily.
A creole language, or simply creole, is a stable natural language developed from a mixture of different languages at a fairly sudden point in time: often, a pidgin transitioned into a full, native language.
The Cromarty dialect of North Northern Scots was spoken in Cromarty, Scotland.
Cultural assimilation is the process in which a minority group or culture comes to resemble those of a dominant group.
Dongshi District (Pha̍k-fa-sṳ: Tûng-sṳ) is a suburban district in eastern Taichung, Republic of China (Taiwan).
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
Eliezer Ben‑Yehuda (אליעזר בן־יהודה;; born Eliezer Yitzhak Perlman; 7 January 1858 – 16 December 1922) was a Hebrew lexicographer and newspaper editor.
An endangered language, or moribund language, is a language that is at risk of falling out of use as its speakers die out or shift to speaking another language.
English is a West Germanic language that was first spoken in early medieval England and is now a global lingua franca.
Ethiopia (ኢትዮጵያ), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (የኢትዮጵያ ፌዴራላዊ ዲሞክራሲያዊ ሪፐብሊክ, yeʾĪtiyoṗṗya Fēdēralawī Dēmokirasīyawī Rīpebilīk), is a country located in the Horn of Africa.
Ethnologue: Languages of the World is an annual reference publication in print and online that provides statistics and other information on the living languages of the world.
The Etruscan language was the spoken and written language of the Etruscan civilization, in Italy, in the ancient region of Etruria (modern Tuscany plus western Umbria and northern Latium) and in parts of Corsica, Campania, Veneto, Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna.
European colonialism refers to the worldwide colonial expansion of European countries, which began in the early modern period, c. 1500.
The European colonization of the Americas describes the history of the settlement and establishment of control of the continents of the Americas by most of the naval powers of Europe.
An extinct language is a language that no longer has any speakers, especially if the language has no living descendants.
Eyak is an extinct Na-Dené language historically spoken by the Eyak people, indigenous to south-central Alaska, near the mouth of the Copper River.
A first language, native language or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period.
"Formosan languages" is a cover term for the languages of the indigenous peoples of Taiwan, all of which belong to the Austronesian language family.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Gaagudju (also spelt Gagadu, Gaguju, and Kakadu) is an extinct Australian Aboriginal language formerly spoken in Arnhem Land in northern Australia, in the environs of Kakadu National Park.
In linguistics, genetic relationship is the usual term for the relationship which exists between languages that are members of the same language family.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
Ghil'ad Zuckermann (גלעד צוקרמן,, born 1 June 1971) is a linguist and revivalist who works in contact linguistics, lexicology and the study of language, culture and identity.
Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.
Hazel M. Sampson (May 26, 1910 – February 4, 2014) was an American Klallam elder and language preservationist.
Indigenous languages of the Americas are spoken by indigenous peoples from Alaska and Greenland to the southern tip of South America, encompassing the land masses that constitute the Americas.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
Kerala is a state in South India on the Malabar Coast.
Klallam, Clallam, Na'klallam or S'klallam (endonym: Nəxʷsƛ̓ay̓əmúcən), now extinct, was a Straits Salishan language that was traditionally spoken by the Klallam peoples at Becher Bay on Vancouver Island in British Columbia and across the Strait of Juan de Fuca on the north coast of the Olympic Peninsula in Washington.
Kochi, also known as Cochin, is a major port city on the south-west coast of India bordering the Laccadive Sea.
The Kola Peninsula (Ко́льский полуо́стров, Kolsky poluostrov; from Куэлнэгк нёаррк, Kuelnegk njoarrk; Guoládatnjárga; Kuolan niemimaa; Kolahalvøya) is a peninsula in the far northwest of Russia.
Ladin (or; Ladin: Ladin, Ladino, Ladinisch) is a Romance language consisting of a group of dialects that some consider part of a unitary Rhaeto-Romance language, mainly spoken in the Dolomite Mountains in Northern Italy in the provinces of South Tyrol, the Trentino, and the Belluno, by the Ladin people.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
Language change is variation over time in a language's phonological, morphological, semantic, syntactic, and other features.
In linguistics, language death occurs when a language loses its last native speaker.
Language education refers to the process and practice of acquiring a second or foreign language.
Language revitalization, also referred to as language revival or reversing language shift, is an attempt to halt or reverse the decline of a language or to revive an extinct one.
Language shift, also known as language transfer or language replacement or language assimilation, is the process whereby a community of speakers of a language shifts to speaking a completely different language, usually over an extended period of time.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Latvia (or; Latvija), officially the Republic of Latvia (Latvijas Republika), is a sovereign state in the Baltic region of Northern Europe.
Laua, also known as Labu, is a language of Papua New Guinea.
A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vernacular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.
This is a list of extinct languages sorted by their time of extinction.
This is a list of translations of modern literature into dead languages.
The following lists of endangered languages are mainly based on the definitions used by UNESCO.
*List of languages by time of extinction ----.
A literary language is the form of a language used in the writing of the language.
Livonian (Livonian: līvõ kēļ or rāndakēļ) is a Finnic language.
Lucille Roubedeaux (died 2005) was the final surviving native speaker of the Osage language of Oklahoma.
The Malayo-Polynesian languages are a subgroup of the Austronesian languages, with approximately 385.5 million speakers.
Marie Smith Jones (May 14, 1918January 21, 2008) was the last surviving speaker of the Eyak language of Southcentral Alaska.
The Mesmes language is an extinct West Gurage language, one of the Ethiopian Semitic languages spoken in Ethiopia.
Modern history, the modern period or the modern era, is the linear, global, historiographical approach to the time frame after post-classical history.
A modern language is any human language that is currently in use.
Na-Dene (also Nadene, Na-Dené, Athabaskan–Eyak–Tlingit, Tlina–Dene) is a family of Native American languages that includes at least the Athabaskan languages, Eyak, and Tlingit languages.
Nancy C. Dorian is an American linguist who has carried out research into the death of the East Sutherland dialect of Scottish Gaelic for over 40 years, particularly in the villages of Brora, Golspie and Embo.
A neologism (from Greek νέο- néo-, "new" and λόγος lógos, "speech, utterance") is a relatively recent or isolated term, word, or phrase that may be in the process of entering common use, but that has not yet been fully accepted into mainstream language.
The Northern Territory (abbreviated as NT) is a federal Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia.
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nuučaan̓uł), also known as Nootka, is a Wakashan language spoken in the Pacific Northwest of North America on the west coast of Vancouver Island, from Barkley Sound to Quatsino Sound in British Columbia by the Nuu-chah-nulth peoples.
Nyawaygi (Nawagi) is an extinct Australian Aboriginal language that was spoken northeast Queensland, on the east coast of Australia.
Oklahoma (Uukuhuúwa, Gahnawiyoˀgeh) is a state in the South Central region of the United States.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
Old High German (OHG, Althochdeutsch, German abbr. Ahd.) is the earliest stage of the German language, conventionally covering the period from around 700 to 1050.
Osage (Osage: 𐓏𐓘𐓻𐓘𐓻𐓟 𐒻𐓟, Wazhazhe ie) is a Siouan language spoken by the Osage people of Oklahoma.
The Pama–Nyungan languages are the most widespread family of indigenous Australian languages, containing perhaps 300 languages.
Pan Jin-yu (21 July 1914 – 24 October 2010) was the last remaining speaker of the Pazeh language of Taiwan. She was born the fifth of six children in 1914 to Kaxabu parents in Puli. Later, she was adopted by parents who were Pazeh speakers living in Auran village (Taiwanese: Ailan), which is now part of Puli township. She was said to be fully fluent in the language, despite being the only remaining speaker. However, Taiwanese Hokkien was the living language she spoke generally. She taught Pazeh classes to about 200 regular students in Puli and there were also classes with fewer students in Miaoli and Taichung.
Papua New Guinea (PNG;,; Papua Niugini; Hiri Motu: Papua Niu Gini), officially the Independent State of Papua New Guinea, is an Oceanian country that occupies the eastern half of the island of New Guinea and its offshore islands in Melanesia, a region of the southwestern Pacific Ocean north of Australia.
Pataxó (Patashó), or Pataxó Hã-Ha-Hãe (Pataxó-Hãhaãi), is an extinct native language in Brazil formerly spoken by the Pataxó people of the Bahia region, and of Minas Gerais, Pôsto Paraguassu in Itabuna municipality.
Pazeh (also spelled Pazih, Pazéh) is an almost extinct language of the Pazeh, a Taiwanese aboriginal people.
Pentecost Island is one of the 83 islands that make up the South Pacific nation of Vanuatu.
Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating from the regions of Galicia and northern Portugal in the 9th century.
Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.
In linguistics, a register is a variety of a language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting.
The revival of the Hebrew language took place in Europe and Israel toward the end of the 19th century and into the 20th century, through which the language's usage changed from the sacred language of Judaism to a spoken and written language used for daily life in Israel.
A sacred language, "holy language" (in religious context) or liturgical language is any language that is cultivated and used primarily in religious service or for other religious reasons by people who speak another, primary language in their daily life.
The Salishan (also Salish) languages are a group of languages of the Pacific Northwest in North America (the Canadian province of British Columbia and the American states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana).
Scots is the Germanic language variety spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster (where the local dialect is known as Ulster Scots).
The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East.
Siouan or Siouan–Catawban is a language family of North America that is located primarily in the Great Plains, Ohio and Mississippi valleys and southeastern North America with a few outlier languages in the east.
Sleeping Beauty (La Belle au bois dormant), or Little Briar Rose (Dornröschen), also titled in English as The Sleeping Beauty in the Woods, is a classic fairy tale which involves a beautiful princess, a sleeping enchantment, and a handsome prince.
Sowa was the original language of south-central Pentecost island in Vanuatu.
Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.
Within the linguistic study of endangered languages, sociolinguists distinguish between different speaker types based on the type of competence they have acquired of the endangered language.
Taichung, officially known as Taichung City, is a special municipality located in center-western Taiwan.
Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a state in East Asia.
Terrence Kaufman (born 1937) is an American linguist specializing in documentation of unwritten languages, lexicography, Mesoamerican historical linguistics and language contact phenomena.
In linguistics, a corpus (plural corpora) or text corpus is a large and structured set of texts (nowadays usually electronically stored and processed).
The Monthly is an Australian national magazine of politics, society and the arts, which is published eleven times per year on a monthly basis except the December/January issue.
Trans–New Guinea (TNG) is an extensive family of Papuan languages spoken in New Guinea and neighboring islands, perhaps the third-largest language family in the world by number of languages.
An unclassified language is a language whose genetic affiliation has not been established, most often due to a lack of data.
The Uralic languages (sometimes called Uralian languages) form a language family of 38 languages spoken by approximately 25million people, predominantly in Northern Eurasia.
Vanuatu (or; Bislama, French), officially the Republic of Vanuatu (République de Vanuatu, Bislama: Ripablik blong Vanuatu), is a Pacific island nation located in the South Pacific Ocean.
Vypin or Vypeen (വൈപ്പിന്) is one of the group of islands that form part of the city of Kochi, in the southwestern Indian state of Kerala.
Wakashan is a family of languages spoken in British Columbia around and on Vancouver Island, and in the northwestern corner of the Olympic Peninsula of Washington state, on the south side of the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
Washington, officially the State of Washington, is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States.