52 relations: Black eye, Buffering agent, Cataract, Chemical burn, Chemical eye injury, Chemical substance, Cochrane (organisation), Conjunctiva, Cornea, Corneal abrasion, Emergency department, Eye disease, Eye examination, Facial trauma, Free nerve ending, Glasses, Glaucoma, Globe rupture, Human eye, Hyphema, Iridodialysis, Irrigation, JAMA Ophthalmology, Lacrimal canaliculi, Medical history, Metal, Ophthalmology, Optic neuropathy, Pain, Photokeratitis, Physician, Physiology, Posterior segment of eyeball, Projectile, Proxymetacaine, Red, Retina, Retinal detachment, Saline (medicine), Shuttlecock, Sterilization (microbiology), Subconjunctival hemorrhage, Sunglasses, Tonicity, Topical anesthetic, United States Eye Injury Registry, Uveitis, Visual perception, Vitreous body, Vitreous hemorrhage, ..., Water, Wilderness medical emergency. Expand index (2 more) » « Shrink index
A black eye, periorbital hematoma, or shiner, is bruising around the eye commonly due to an injury to the face rather than to the eye.
A buffering agent is a weak acid or base used to maintain the acidity (pH) of a solution near a chosen value after the addition of another acid or base.
A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye which leads to a decrease in vision.
A chemical burn occurs when living tissue is exposed to a corrosive substance such as a strong acid or base.
Chemical eye injury or chemical burns to the eye are due to either an acidic or alkali substance getting in the eye.
A chemical substance, also known as a pure substance, is a form of matter that consists of molecules of the same composition and structure.
Cochrane is a non-profit, non-governmental organization formed to organize medical research findings so as to facilitate evidence-based choices about health interventions faced by health professionals, patients, and policy makers.
The conjunctiva lines the inside of the eyelids and covers the sclera (the white of the eye).
The cornea is the transparent front part of the eye that covers the iris, pupil, and anterior chamber.
Corneal abrasion is a scratch to the surface of the cornea of the eye.
An emergency department (ED), also known as an accident & emergency department (A&E), emergency room (ER), emergency ward (EW) or casualty department, is a medical treatment facility specializing in emergency medicine, the acute care of patients who present without prior appointment; either by their own means or by that of an ambulance.
This is a partial list of human eye diseases and disorders.
An eye examination is a series of tests performed by an ophthalmologist (medical doctor), optometrist, or orthoptist assessing vision and ability to focus on and discern objects, as well as other tests and examinations pertaining to the eyes.
Facial trauma, also called maxillofacial trauma, is any physical trauma to the face.
A free nerve ending (FNE) or bare nerve ending, is an unspecialized, afferent nerve fiber ending of a sensory neuron.
Glasses, also known as eyeglasses or spectacles, are devices consisting of glass or hard plastic lenses mounted in a frame that holds them in front of a person's eyes, typically using a bridge over the nose and arms which rest over the ears.
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases which result in damage to the optic nerve and vision loss.
Globe rupture is an ophthalmologic condition when the integrity of the outer membranes of the eye are disrupted by blunt or penetrating trauma, usually resulting from a full-thickness injury to the cornea or sclera.
The human eye is an organ which reacts to light and pressure.
Hyphema (or hyphaema, see spelling differences) is blood in the front (anterior) chamber of the eye.
Iridodialysis, sometimes known as a coredialysis, is a localized separation or tearing away of the iris from its attachment to the ciliary body.
Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals.
JAMA Ophthalmology (formerly Archives of Ophthalmology) is a monthly peer-reviewed medical journal covering all aspects of ophthalmology.
The lacrimal canaliculi, (sing. canaliculus), also known as the lacrimal canals or lacrimal ducts, are the small channels in each eyelid that commence at minute orifices, termed puncta lacrimalia, on the summits of the papillae lacrimales, seen on the margins of the lids at the lateral extremity of the lacus lacrimalis.
The medical history or case history of a patient is information gained by a physician by asking specific questions, either of the patient or of other people who know the person and can give suitable information, with the aim of obtaining information useful in formulating a diagnosis and providing medical care to the patient.
A metal (from Greek μέταλλον métallon, "mine, quarry, metal") is a material (an element, compound, or alloy) that is typically hard when in solid state, opaque, shiny, and has good electrical and thermal conductivity.
Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine and surgery (both methods are used) that deals with the anatomy, physiology and diseases of the eyeball and orbit.
Optic neuropathy is damage to the optic nerve from any cause.
Pain is a distressing feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli.
Photokeratitis or ultraviolet keratitis is a painful eye condition caused by exposure of insufficiently protected eyes to the ultraviolet (UV) rays from either natural (e.g. intense sunlight) or artificial (e.g. the electric arc during welding) sources.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
Physiology is the scientific study of normal mechanisms, and their interactions, which work within a living system.
The posterior segment or posterior cavity is the back two-thirds of the eye that includes the anterior hyaloid membrane and all of the optical structures behind it: the vitreous humor, retina, choroid, and optic nerve.
A projectile is any object thrown into space (empty or not) by the exertion of a force.
Proxymetacaine (INN) or proparacaine (USAN) is a topical anesthetic drug of the aminoester group.
Red is the color at the end of the visible spectrum of light, next to orange and opposite violet.
The retina is the innermost, light-sensitive "coat", or layer, of shell tissue of the eye of most vertebrates and some molluscs.
Retinal detachment is a disorder of the eye in which the retina separates from the layer underneath.
Saline, also known as saline solution, is a mixture of sodium chloride in water and has a number of uses in medicine.
A shuttlecock (also called a bird or birdie) is a high-drag projectile used in the sport of badminton.
Sterilization (or sterilisation) refers to any process that eliminates, removes, kills, or deactivates all forms of life and other biological agents (such as fungi, bacteria, viruses, spore forms, prions, unicellular eukaryotic organisms such as Plasmodium, etc.) present in a specified region, such as a surface, a volume of fluid, medication, or in a compound such as biological culture media.
(Top) A stress induced subconjunctival hemorrhage in the left eye one week after hemorrhaging. (Bottom) Same hemorrhage four weeks after hemorrhaging. Some of the blood in the sclera has turned yellow, like a bruise. Subconjunctival hemorrhage, also known as subconjunctival haemorrhage and hyposphagma, is bleeding underneath the conjunctiva.
Sunglasses or sun glasses (informally called shades) are a form of protective eyewear designed primarily to prevent bright sunlight and high-energy visible light from damaging or discomforting the eyes.
Tonicity is a measure of the effective osmotic pressure gradient, as defined by the water potential of two solutions separated by a semipermeable membrane.
A topical anesthetic is a local anesthetic that is used to numb the surface of a body part.
The United States Eye Injury Registry is an American national database of eye injuries.
Uveitis is the inflammation of the uvea, the pigmented layer that lies between the inner retina and the outer fibrous layer composed of the sclera and cornea.
Visual perception is the ability to interpret the surrounding environment using light in the visible spectrum reflected by the objects in the environment.
The vitreous body is the clear gel that fills the space between the lens and the retina of the eyeball of humans and other vertebrates.
Vitreous hemorrhage is the extravasation, or leakage, of blood into the areas in and around the vitreous humor of the eye.
Water is a transparent, tasteless, odorless, and nearly colorless chemical substance that is the main constituent of Earth's streams, lakes, and oceans, and the fluids of most living organisms.
A wilderness medical emergency is a medical emergency that takes place in a wilderness or remote setting at least 60 minutes away from definitive care (hospital, clinic, etc.). Such an emergency can require specialized skills, treatment techniques, and knowledge in order to manage the patient for an extended period of time before and during evacuation.