70 relations: Air travel disruption after the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption, Airspace, Andesite, Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, Basalt, Caldera, Civilization VI, Coast, Cognate, Dirty thunderstorm, Divergent boundary, Earthquake, Eldfell, Explosive eruption, Eyjafjörður, Fimmvörðuháls, Fissure vent, Fluoride, Fluoride toxicity, Geophysics, Glacial lake outburst flood, Glacier, Glacier morphology, Heimaey, Ice cap, Iceland, Intermediate composition, James May, Jökulhlaup, JJ Doom, Katla (volcano), Key to the Kuffs, Kirkjubæjarklaustur, Last glacial period, Lava, List of glaciers of Iceland, List of waterfalls of Iceland, Magma chamber, Markarfljót, Mýrdalsjökull, Meltwater, MF Doom, Mid-Atlantic Ridge, Middle English, Numeronym, Plate tectonics, Ragnar Th. Sigurdsson, Reykjavík, Route 1 (Iceland), Seltjarnarnes, ..., Silicon dioxide, Skógafoss, Skógar, Southern Region (Iceland), Stratovolcano, Subglacial eruption, Thórsmörk, The Secret Life of Walter Mitty (2013 film), The World Is a Beautiful Place & I Am No Longer Afraid to Die, Top Gear (series 15), Toyota Hilux, Vestmannaeyjar, Volcanic ash, Volcanic Ash Advisory Center, Volcanic crater, Volcano, Volcanologist, Volcanology of Iceland, Waterfall, 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull. Expand index (20 more) » « Shrink index
In response to concerns that volcanic ash ejected during the 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland would damage aircraft engines, the controlled airspace of many European countries was closed to instrument flight rules traffic, resulting in the largest air-traffic shut-down since World War II.
Airspace is the portion of the atmosphere controlled by a country above its territory, including its territorial waters or, more generally, any specific three-dimensional portion of the atmosphere.
Andesite is an extrusive igneous, volcanic rock, of intermediate composition, with aphanitic to porphyritic texture.
Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson (born 14 May 1943) is an Icelandic politician who was President of Iceland from 1996 to 2016.
Basalt is a common extrusive igneous (volcanic) rock formed from the rapid cooling of basaltic lava exposed at or very near the surface of a planet or moon.
A caldera is a large cauldron-like depression that forms following the evacuation of a magma chamber/reservoir.
Sid Meier's Civilization VI is a turn-based strategy 4X video game developed by Firaxis Games, published by 2K Games, and distributed by Take-Two Interactive.
A coastline or a seashore is the area where land meets the sea or ocean, or a line that forms the boundary between the land and the ocean or a lake.
In linguistics, cognates are words that have a common etymological origin.
A dirty thunderstorm (also volcanic lightning, thunder volcano) is a weather phenomenon that is related to the production of lightning in a volcanic plume.
In plate tectonics, a divergent boundary or divergent plate boundary (also known as a constructive boundary or an extensional boundary) is a linear feature that exists between two tectonic plates that are moving away from each other.
An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.
Eldfell is a volcanic cone just over high on the Icelandic island of Heimaey.
In volcanology, an explosive eruption is a volcanic eruption of the most violent type.
Eyjafjörður (Island Fjord) is the longest fjord in Iceland.
Fimmvörðuháls ("five cairns pass") is the area between the glaciers Eyjafjallajökull and Mýrdalsjökull in southern Iceland.
A fissure vent, also known as a volcanic fissure or eruption fissure, is a linear volcanic vent through which lava erupts, usually without any explosive activity.
Fluoride toxicity is a condition in which there are elevated levels of the fluoride ion in the body.
Geophysics is a subject of natural science concerned with the physical processes and physical properties of the Earth and its surrounding space environment, and the use of quantitative methods for their analysis.
A glacial lake outburst flood (GLOF) is a type of outburst flood that occurs when the dam containing a glacial lake fails.
A glacier is a persistent body of dense ice that is constantly moving under its own weight; it forms where the accumulation of snow exceeds its ablation (melting and sublimation) over many years, often centuries.
Glacier morphology, or the form a glacier takes, is influenced by temperature, precipitation, topography, and other factors.
Heimaey, literally Home Island, is an Icelandic island.
An ice cap is a mass of ice that covers less than 50,000 km2 of land area (usually covering a highland area).
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of and an area of, making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe.
In igneous petrology an intermediate composition refers to the chemical composition of a rock that has 52-63 wt% SiO2 being an intermediate between felsic and mafic compositions.
James Daniel May (born 16 January 1963) is an English television presenter and journalist.
A jökulhlaup (literally "glacial run") is a type of glacial outburst flood.
JJ Doom is an American hip hop duo composed of Jneiro Jarel and MF Doom.
Katla is a large volcano in southern Iceland.
Key to the Kuffs is a collaborative album by alternative hip hop artists Jneiro Jarel and MF Doom under the moniker JJ Doom.
The village Kirkjubæjarklaustur (Icelandic for "church farm cloister", pronounced; often referred to locally as just Klaustur) is a village in the south of Iceland on the hringvegur (road no. 1 or Ring Road) between Vík í Mýrdal and Höfn.
The last glacial period occurred from the end of the Eemian interglacial to the end of the Younger Dryas, encompassing the period years ago.
Lava is molten rock generated by geothermal energy and expelled through fractures in planetary crust or in an eruption, usually at temperatures from.
The glaciers and ice caps of Iceland cover 11.1% of the land area of the country (about 11,400 km² out of the total area of 103,125 km²) and have a considerable impact on its landscape and meteorology.
Iceland is unusually suited for waterfalls.
A magma chamber is a large pool of liquid rock beneath the surface of the Earth.
Markarfljót is a river in the south of Iceland.
Mýrdalsjökull (pronounced, Icelandic for "(the) mire dale glacier" or "(the) mire valley glacier") is an ice cap in the south of Iceland.
Meltwater is water released by the melting of snow or ice, including glacial ice, tabular icebergs and ice shelves over oceans.
Daniel Dumile (born January 9, 1971) is a British-born, US-based hip hop recording artist and record producer from Long Island, New York.
The Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) is a mid-ocean ridge, a divergent tectonic plate or constructive plate boundary located along the floor of the Atlantic Ocean, and part of the longest mountain range in the world.
Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.
A numeronym is a number-based word.
Plate tectonics (from the Late Latin tectonicus, from the τεκτονικός "pertaining to building") is a scientific theory describing the large-scale motion of seven large plates and the movements of a larger number of smaller plates of the Earth's lithosphere, since tectonic processes began on Earth between 3 and 3.5 billion years ago.
Reykjavík is the capital and largest city of Iceland.
Route 1 or the Ring Road is a national road in Iceland that runs around the island and connects most of the inhabited parts of the country.
Seltjarnarnes is an Icelandic township located within the Capital Region.
Silicon dioxide, also known as silica (from the Latin silex), is an oxide of silicon with the chemical formula, most commonly found in nature as quartz and in various living organisms.
Skógafoss (pronounced) is a waterfall situated on the Skógá River in the south of Iceland at the cliffs of the former coastline.
Skógar (pronounced), literally forests, is a small Icelandic village with a population of roughly 25 located at the south of the Eyjafjallajökull glacier, in the municipality of Rangárþing eystra.
Southern Region (Suðurland, literally: Southern Land) is a region of Iceland.
A stratovolcano, also known as a composite volcano, is a conical volcano built up by many layers (strata) of hardened lava, tephra, pumice and ash.
Subglacial eruptions, those of ice-covered volcanoes, result in the interaction of magma with ice and snow, leading to meltwater formation, jökulhlaups, and lahars.
Thórsmörk (Þórsmörk) is a mountain ridge in Iceland that was named after the Norse god Thor (Þór).
The Secret Life of Walter Mitty is a 2013 American adventure comedy-drama film directed, co-produced by and starring Ben Stiller and written by Steve Conrad.
The World Is a Beautiful Place & I Am No Longer Afraid to Die (sometimes shortened to The World Is a Beautiful Place, The World Is, or just TWIABP) is an American indie rock band formed in Willimantic, Connecticut in 2009.
The fifteenth series of Top Gear was aired during 2010 on BBC Two and BBC HD and consisted of 6 episodes, beginning on 27 June and concluding on 1 August.
The Toyota Hilux (also stylized as HiLux and historically as Hi-Lux) is a series of light commercial vehicles produced and marketed by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota.
Vestmannaeyjar (sometimes anglicized as Westman Islands) is a town and archipelago off the south coast of Iceland.
Volcanic ash consists of fragments of pulverized rock, minerals and volcanic glass, created during volcanic eruptions and measuring less than 2 mm (0.079 inches) in diameter.
A Volcanic Ash Advisory Center (VAAC) is a group of experts responsible for coordinating and disseminating information on atmospheric volcanic ash clouds that may endanger aviation.
A volcanic crater is a roughly circular depression in the ground caused by volcanic activity.
A volcano is a rupture in the crust of a planetary-mass object, such as Earth, that allows hot lava, volcanic ash, and gases to escape from a magma chamber below the surface.
A volcanologist or vulcanologist is a geologist who studies the processes involved in the formation and eruptive activity of volcanoes and their current and historic eruptions, known as volcanology.
The volcanoes of Iceland include a high concentration of active ones due to Iceland's location on the mid-Atlantic Ridge, a divergent tectonic plate boundary, and its location over a hot spot.
A waterfall is a place where water flows over a vertical drop or a series of steep drops in the course of a stream or river.
The 2010 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull were volcanic events at Eyjafjallajökull in Iceland which, although relatively small for volcanic eruptions, caused enormous disruption to air travel across western and northern Europe over an initial period of six days in April 2010.
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