136 relations: African National Congress, Afrikaner Broederbond, Afrikaner Calvinism, Afrikaners, Alex Boraine, Allan Boesak, Alwyn Schlebusch, Andries Treurnicht, Anthony Sampson, Apartheid, Articled clerk, Attorney at law, Austria, Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Laws, Bantustan, Barend du Plessis, Cape Town, Cecil Rhodes, Central Connecticut State University, Chen Shui-bian, Chris Stals, Coalition government, College Historical Society, Conservatism, Conservative Party (South Africa), Constitution of South Africa, Death of Nelson Mandela, Decoration for Meritorious Services, Democratic Party (South Africa), DePauw University, Deputy President of South Africa, Derek Keys, Desmond Tutu, Divorce, Dominant minority, Dominion, Dutch Reformed Church in South Africa, Eastern Bloc, Economic Freedom Fighters, Economic liberalism, Eskom, Excellency, F. W. de Klerk, Félix Houphouët-Boigny Peace Prize, Frank Chikane, Freedom of religion, FW de Klerk Foundation, Geneva, George H. W. Bush, ..., Global Leadership Foundation, Government of National Unity (South Africa), Hanno R. Ellenbogen Citizenship Award, Hans van den Broek, HarperCollins, Heroes' Day (South Africa), House of Assembly of South Africa, HuffPost, Huguenots in South Africa, Human rights in South Africa, Inkatha Freedom Party, Internal resistance to apartheid, J. G. Strijdom, Jacob Zuma, James Baker, Jan de Klerk, Johannesburg, John Vorster, Kent State University at Stark, Khoikhoi, Krotoa, Krugersdorp, Lech Wałęsa, Leon Wessels, Liberal democracy, Liberalism, Mandela: The Authorised Biography, Margaret Thatcher, Marike de Klerk, Marriage, Marxism, Mayfair, Gauteng, National Party (South Africa), Native Trust and Land Act, 1936, Natives Land Act, 1913, Negotiations to end apartheid in South Africa, Nelson Mandela, New National Party (South Africa), Nobel Peace Prize, Order of Mapungubwe, Oriel College, Oxford, P. W. Botha, Pik Botha, Population Registration Act, 1950, Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education, Prague Society for International Cooperation, President of South Africa, Princess of Asturias Awards, Public relations, Racial segregation, Reformed Churches in South Africa, Reservation of Separate Amenities Act, 1953, Rettig Report, Richard Stengel, Robert C. Vance Distinguished Lecture Series, Roelf Meyer, Second Boer War, Social conservatism, South Africa and weapons of mass destruction, South African apartheid referendum, 1992, South African Communist Party, South African general election, 1994, Soviet Union, State President of South Africa, Stockholm, Thabo Mbeki, Tracheotomy, Transvaal (province), Trinity College Dublin, Truth and reconciliation commission, Truth and Reconciliation Commission (South Africa), Union of South Africa, Universal suffrage, University of Pretoria, University Philosophical Society, Vereeniging, Vice State President of South Africa, Vlakplaas, Walter Sisulu, Washington, D.C., Western Cape, White South Africans, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, Xhosa people, Yale Law School, Zulu people. Expand index (86 more) » « Shrink index
The African National Congress (ANC) is the Republic of South Africa's governing political party.
The Afrikaner Broederbond (AB) (meaning Afrikaner Brotherhood) or Broederbond was a secret, exclusively male and Afrikaner Calvinist organisation in South Africa dedicated to the advancement of Afrikaner interests.
Afrikaner Calvinism is a theoretical cultural and religious development among Afrikaners that combined elements of seventeenth-century Calvinist doctrine with a "chosen people" ideology similar to that espoused by proponents of the Jewish nation movement.
Afrikaners are a Southern African ethnic group descended from predominantly Dutch settlers first arriving in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Allan Aubrey Boesak (born 23 February 1946) is a South African Dutch Reformed Church cleric and politician and anti-apartheid activist.
Alwyn Louis Schlebusch (16 September 1917 – 7 January 2008) was a South African politician, the only holder of the title Vice State President of South Africa from 1 January 1981 to 14 September 1984.
Andries Petrus Treurnicht (19 February 1921 – 22 April 1993) was a South African politician, Minister of Education during the Soweto Riots and for a short time leader of the National Party in Transvaal.
Anthony Terrell Seward Sampson (3 August 1926 – 18 December 2004) was a British writer and journalist.
Apartheid started in 1948 in theUnion of South Africa |year_start.
An articled clerk is someone who is studying to either be an accountant or lawyer.
Attorney at law or attorney-at-law, usually abbreviated in everyday speech to attorney, is the preferred term for a practising lawyer in certain jurisdictions, including South Africa (for certain lawyers), Sri Lanka, and the United States.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
A Bachelor of Arts (BA or AB, from the Latin baccalaureus artium or artium baccalaureus) is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both.
The Bachelor of Laws (Legum Baccalaureus; LL.B. or B.L.) is an undergraduate degree in law (or a first professional degree in law, depending on jurisdiction) originating in England and offered in Japan and most common law jurisdictionsexcept the United States and Canadaas the degree which allows a person to become a lawyer.
A Bantustan (also known as Bantu homeland, black homeland, black state or simply homeland) was a territory set aside for black inhabitants of South Africa and South West Africa (now Namibia), as part of the policy of apartheid.
Barend Jacobus du Plessis (born 19 January 1940 in Johannesburg) is a South African politician and a former member of the now-dissolved National Party, as well as Minister of Finance in 1984–1992.
Cape Town (Kaapstad,; Xhosa: iKapa) is a coastal city in South Africa.
Cecil John Rhodes PC (5 July 1853 – 26 March 1902) was a British businessman, mining magnate and politician in southern Africa who served as Prime Minister of the Cape Colony from 1890 to 1896.
Central Connecticut State University (also known as Central and frequently abbreviated as Central Connecticut, Central Connecticut State, and CCSU) is a regional, comprehensive public university in New Britain, Connecticut, United States.
Chen Shui-bian (born October 12, 1950) is a retired Taiwanese politician and lawyer who served as President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) from 2000 to 2008.
A coalition government is a cabinet of a parliamentary government in which many or multiple political parties cooperate, reducing the dominance of any one party within that "coalition".
The College Historical Society (CHS) – popularly referred to as The Hist – is one of the two debating societies at Trinity College, Dublin.
Conservatism is a political and social philosophy promoting traditional social institutions in the context of culture and civilization.
The Conservative Party of South Africa (Konserwatiewe Party van Suid-Afrika in Afrikaans) was a right wing party that wished to preserve many aspects of apartheid in the system's final decade, and formed the official opposition in the white-only House of Assembly in the last seven years of minority rule.
The Constitution of South Africa is the supreme law of the Republic of South Africa.
On December 5, 2013, Nelson Mandela, the first President of South Africa to be elected in a fully representative democratic election, as well as the country's first black head of state, died at the age of 95 after suffering from a prolonged respiratory infection.
The Decoration for Meritorious Services was an honour conferred until 1986 by the Government of the Republic of South Africa, usually for political services to the country.
The Democratic Party (DP) was the name of the South African political party now called the Democratic Alliance.
DePauw University in Greencastle, Indiana, is a private liberal arts college with an enrollment of approximately 2,300 students.
The Deputy President of South Africa is the deputy head of government of South Africa.
Derek Lyle Keys (30 August 1931 – 29 April 2018) was a South African politician who served as Minister of Finance from 1992 to September 1994, in the cabinets of F. W. de Klerk and Nelson Mandela.
Desmond Mpilo Tutu (born 7 October 1931) is a South African Anglican cleric and theologian known for his work as an anti-apartheid and human rights activist.
Divorce, also known as dissolution of marriage, is the termination of a marriage or marital union, the canceling or reorganizing of the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage, thus dissolving the bonds of matrimony between a married couple under the rule of law of the particular country or state.
A dominant minority is a minority group that has overwhelming political, economic, or cultural dominance in a country, despite representing a small fraction of the overall population (a demographic minority).
Dominions were semi-independent polities under the British Crown, constituting the British Empire, beginning with Canadian Confederation in 1867.
Three churches from the Dutch Reformed Church tradition in South Africa are often mentioned together as "three sister churches".
The Eastern Bloc was the group of socialist states of Central and Eastern Europe, generally the Soviet Union and the countries of the Warsaw Pact.
The Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) is a South African far-left political party, that has been described by some political analysts as being fascist or racial nationalist in nature.
Economic liberalism is an economic system organized on individual lines, which means the greatest possible number of economic decisions are made by individuals or households rather than by collective institutions or organizations.
Eskom is a South African electricity public utility, established in 1923 as the Electricity Supply Commission (ESCOM) by the government of the Union of South Africa in terms of the Electricity Act (1922).
Excellency is an honorific style given to certain high-level officers of a sovereign state, officials of an international organization, or members of an aristocracy.
Frederik Willem de Klerk (born 18 March 1936) is a South African politician who served as State President of South Africa from 1989 to 1994 and as Deputy President from 1994 to 1996.
The Félix Houphouët-Boigny Peace Prize was established in 1990 by UNESCO: The prize bears the name of Félix Houphouët-Boigny, the late former dictator of Côte d'Ivoire, who served from independence in 1960 until his death in 1993.
Frank Chikane (born 3 January 1951 in Bushbuckridge, Transvaal) is a South African civil servant, writer and cleric.
Freedom of religion is a principle that supports the freedom of an individual or community, in public or private, to manifest religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship, and observance without government influence or intervention.
The FW de Klerk Foundation is a nonpartisan organization that was established in 2000 by former South African President Frederik Willem de Klerk.
Geneva (Genève, Genèva, Genf, Ginevra, Genevra) is the second-most populous city in Switzerland (after Zürich) and the most populous city of the Romandy, the French-speaking part of Switzerland.
George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 41st President of the United States from 1989 to 1993.
The Global Leadership Foundation (GLF) is a not-for-profit, non-governmental organisation that arranges the use of a network of former Heads of State or Government and other distinguished leaders who make their personal experience and advice discreetly available to those in power today.
Between 27 April 1994 and 3 February 1997 South Africa was governed under the terms of the interim Constitution of South Africa.
The Hanno R. Ellenbogen Citizenship Award is given annually to honor individuals who have dedicated their lives to public service.
Henri "Hans" van den Broek (born 11 December 1936) is a retired Dutch politician.
HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.
Kruger Day or Heroes' Day was a public holidays in South Africa from 1882 to 1899 and again from 1952 to 1994, celebrated annually on 10 October in South Africa.
The House of Assembly (known in Afrikaans as the Volksraad, or "People's Council") was the lower house of the Parliament of South Africa from 1910 to 1981, the sole parliamentary chamber between 1981 and 1984, and latterly the white representative house of the Tricameral Parliament from 1984 to 1994, when it was replaced by the current National Assembly.
HuffPost (formerly The Huffington Post and sometimes abbreviated HuffPo) is a liberal American news and opinion website and blog that has both localized and international editions.
A large number of people of European heritage in South Africa are descended from Huguenots.
Human rights in South Africa are protected under the constitution.
The Inkatha Freedom Party (IFP) is a political party in South Africa.
Internal resistance to apartheid in South Africa originated from several independent sectors of South African society and alternatively took the form of social movements, passive resistance, or guerrilla warfare.
Johannes Gerhardus Strijdom, (also spelled Strydom) commonly called Hans Strydom (14 July 1893 – 24 August 1958), nicknamed the Lion of the North, was Prime Minister of South Africa from 30 November 1954 to 24 August 1958.
Jacob Gedleyihlekisa Zuma (born 12 April 1942) is a South African politician who served as the fourth President of South Africa from the 2009 general election until his resignation on 14 February 2018.
James Addison Baker III (born April 28, 1930) is an American attorney and political figure.
Johannes "Jan" de Klerk, (22 July 1903 – 24 January 1979) was a South African politician.
Johannesburg (also known as Jozi, Joburg and Egoli) is the largest city in South Africa and is one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.
Balthazar Johannes "B.
Kent State University at Stark, often referred to as Kent State University Stark and Kent State Stark, is a public liberal arts university and the largest regional campus of Kent State University.
The Khoikhoi (updated orthography Khoekhoe, from Khoekhoegowab Khoekhoen; formerly also Hottentots"Hottentot, n. and adj." OED Online, Oxford University Press, March 2018, www.oed.com/view/Entry/88829. Accessed 13 May 2018. Citing G. S. Nienaber, 'The origin of the name “Hottentot” ', African Studies, 22:2 (1963), 65-90,. See also.) are the traditionally nomadic pastoralist non-Bantu indigenous population of southwestern Africa.
Krotoa, or Eva (c. 1643 – 29 July 1674), was a Khoi translator, working for the Dutch during the founding of the Cape Colony.
Krugersdorp (Afrikaans for Kruger's town) is a mining city in the West Rand, Gauteng Province, South Africa founded in 1887 by Marthinus Pretorius.
Lech Wałęsa (born 29 September 1943) is a retired Polish politician and labour activist.
Leon Wessels (born 19 April 1946) is a South African lawyer, politician, and activist who served in the white minority National Party government during the apartheid years and was one of very few Afrikaner politicians to show public contrition for the acts of that government.
Liberal democracy is a liberal political ideology and a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of classical liberalism.
Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equality.
Mandela: The Authorised Biography is a study of Nelson Mandela, the former President of South Africa, by the late journalist Anthony Sampson.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
Marike de Klerk (29 March 1937 – 3 December 2001) was the First Lady of South Africa, as the wife of State President Frederik Willem de Klerk, from 1989-1994.
Marriage, also called matrimony or wedlock, is a socially or ritually recognised union between spouses that establishes rights and obligations between those spouses, as well as between them and any resulting biological or adopted children and affinity (in-laws and other family through marriage).
Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.
Mayfair is a suburb of Johannesburg, South Africa.
The National Party (Nasionale Party), also known as the Nationalist Party, was a political party in South Africa founded in 1914 and disbanded in 1997.
The Native Trust and Land Act, 1936 (Act No. 18 of 1936; subsequently renamed the Bantu Trust and Land Act, 1936 and the Development Trust and Land Act, 1936) in South Africa passed a law that served as the reorganization of its agricultural structures.
The Natives Land Act, 1913 (subsequently renamed Bantu Land Act, 1913 and Black Land Act, 1913; Act No. 27 of 1913) was an Act of the Parliament of South Africa that was aimed at regulating the acquisition of land.
The apartheid system in South Africa was ended through a series of negotiations between 1990 and 1993 and through unilateral steps by the de Klerk government.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist, who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999.
The New National Party (NNP) was a South African political party formed in 1997 as the successor to the National Party, which ruled the country from 1948 to 1994.
The Nobel Peace Prize (Swedish, Norwegian: Nobels fredspris) is one of the five Nobel Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature.
The Order of Mapungubwe is South Africa's highest honour.
Oriel CollegeOxford University Calendar 2005–2006 (2005) p.323 has the corporate designation as "The Provost and Scholars of the House of the Blessed Mary the Virgin in Oxford, commonly called Oriel College, of the Foundation of Edward the Second of famous memory, sometime King of England", p324 has people — Oxford University Press.
Pieter Willem Botha, (12 January 1916 – 31 October 2006), commonly known as "P.
Roelof Frederik "Pik" Botha, (born 27 April 1932) is a former politician from South Africa who served as the country's foreign minister in the last years of the apartheid era.
The Population Registration Act of 1950 required that each inhabitant of South Africa be classified and registered in accordance with his or her racial characteristics as part of the system of apartheid.
The Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education (abbreviated PU for CHE) was a medium-sized South African university located in Potchefstroom.
The Prague Society for International Cooperation is an organization dedicated to business, politics and academia in Central Europe.
The President of the Republic of South Africa is the head of state and head of government under the Constitution of South Africa.
The Princess of Asturias Awards (Premios Princesa de Asturias, Premios Princesa d'Asturies), formerly the Prince of Asturias Awards from 1981–2014 (Premios Príncipe de Asturias) are a series of annual prizes awarded in Spain by the Princess of Asturias Foundation (previously the Prince of Asturias Foundation) to individuals, entities or organizations from around the world who make notable achievements in the sciences, humanities, and public affairs.
Public relations (PR) is the practice of managing the spread of information between an individual or an organization (such as a business, government agency, or a nonprofit organization) and the public.
Racial segregation is the separation of people into racial or other ethnic groups in daily life.
The Reformed Churches in South Africa is a Christian denomination in South Africa that was formed in 1859 in Rustenburg.
The Reservation of Separate Amenities Act, Act No 49 of 1953, formed part of the apartheid system of racial segregation in South Africa.
The Rettig Report, officially The National Commission for Truth and Reconciliation Report, is a 1991 report by a commission designated by then-President Patricio Aylwin (from the Concertación) encompassing human rights abuses resulting in death or disappearance that occurred in Chile during the years of military dictatorship under Augusto Pinochet, which began on September 11, 1973 and ended on March 11, 1990.
Richard Allen "Rick" Stengel (born May 2, 1955) is an American editor, journalist and author.
The Robert C. Vance Distinguished Lecture Series was a series of 23 lecturesbetween 1983 and 2013 at Central Connecticut State University.
Roelof Petrus "Roelf" Meyer (born 16 July 1947) is a South African politician and businessman.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
Social conservatism is the belief that society is built upon a fragile network of relationships which need to be upheld through duty, traditional values and established institutions.
From the 1960s to the 1980s, South Africa pursued research into weapons of mass destruction, including nuclear, biological, and chemical weapons.
A referendum on ending apartheid was held in South Africa on 17 March 1992.
The South African Communist Party (SACP) is a communist party in South Africa.
General elections were held in South Africa between 26 and 29 April 1994.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The State President of the Republic of South Africa (Staatspresident) was the head of state of South Africa from 1961 to 1994.
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.
Thabo Mvuyelwa Mbeki (born 18 June 1942) is a South African politician who served as the second President of South Africa from 14 June 1999 to 24 September 2008.
Tracheotomy, or tracheostomy, is a surgical procedure which consists of making an incision on the anterior aspect of the neck and opening a direct airway through an incision in the trachea (windpipe).
The Province of the Transvaal (Provinsie van die Transvaal), commonly referred to as the Transvaal, was a province of South Africa from 1910 until the end of apartheid in 1994, when a new constitution subdivided it.
Trinity College (Coláiste na Tríonóide), officially the College of the Holy and Undivided Trinity of Queen Elizabeth near Dublin, is the sole constituent college of the University of Dublin, a research university located in Dublin, Ireland.
A truth commission or truth and reconciliation commission is a commission tasked with discovering and revealing past wrongdoing by a government (or, depending on the circumstances, non-state actors also), in the hope of resolving conflict left over from the past.
The Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) was a court-like restorative justice body assembled in South Africa after the end of apartheid.
The Union of South Africa (Unie van Zuid-Afrika, Unie van Suid-Afrika) is the historic predecessor to the present-day Republic of South Africa.
The concept of universal suffrage, also known as general suffrage or common suffrage, consists of the right to vote of all adult citizens, regardless of property ownership, income, race, or ethnicity, subject only to minor exceptions.
The University of Pretoria (Universiteit van Pretoria, Yunibesithi ya Pretoria) is a multi-campus public research university in Pretoria, the administrative and de facto capital of South Africa.
The University Philosophical Society (UPS), commonly known as The Phil, is a student paper-reading and debating society in Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.
Vereeniging is a city in Gauteng province, South Africa, situated where the Klip River empties into the northern loop of the Vaal River.
The Vice State President of South Africa was a position established between 1981 and 1984.
Vlakplaas is a farm 20 km west of Pretoria that served as the headquarters of the South African Police counterinsurgency unit C10 (later called C1) working for the apartheid government in South Africa.
Walter Max Ulyate Sisulu (18 May 1912 – 5 May 2003) was a South African anti-apartheid activist and member of the African National Congress (ANC), serving at times as Secretary-General and Deputy President of the organization.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
The Western Cape (Wes-Kaap, Ntshona Koloni) is a province of South Africa, situated on the south-western coast of the country.
White South Africans are South Africans descended from any of the white racial groups of Europe and the Levant who regard themselves, or are not regarded as, not being part of another racial group (for example, as Coloureds).
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela (born Nomzamo Winifred Zanyiwe Madikizela; 26 September 1936 – 2 April 2018), also known as Winnie Mandela, was a South African anti-apartheid activist and politician, and the ex-wife of Nelson Mandela.
The Xhosa people are a Bantu ethnic group of Southern Africa mainly found in the Eastern and Western Cape, South Africa, and in the last two centuries throughout the southern and central-southern parts of the country.
Yale Law School (often referred to as Yale Law or YLS) is the law school of Yale University, located in New Haven, Connecticut, United States.
The Zulu (amaZulu) are a Bantu ethnic group of Southern Africa and the largest ethnic group in South Africa, with an estimated 10–12 million people living mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal.
Dr. F.W. De Klerk, F De Klerk, F W Klerk, F W de Klerk, F. W. De Klerk, F.W De Klerk, F.W de Klerk, F.W. De Klerk, F.W. de Klerk, F.w. deklerk, FW De Klerk, FW de Klerk, FW de klerk, Frederick de Klerk, Frederik De Klerk, Frederik W. De Klerk, Frederik W. de Klerk, Frederik Willem De Klerk, Frederik Willem de Klerk, Frederik de Klerk, Frederik willem de klerk, President De Klerk, Willem de Klerk.