66 relations: Adam Smith, American system of manufacturing, Assembly line, Baldwin Locomotive Works, Block (sailing), Brass mill, Bristol, British Agricultural Revolution, Capitalism, Centralisation, Cotton, Cromford Mill, Derby, Derby Silk Mill, Derbyshire, Derwent Valley Mills, Division of labour, Economies of scale, Factory, Friedrich Engels, Great Famine (Ireland), Henry Maudslay, HMNB Portsmouth, Industrial Revolution, Interchangeable parts, John Kay (spinning frame), John Lombe, Josiah Wedgwood, Karl Marx, Line shaft, Lowell Mills, Luddite, Manufacturing, Marc Isambard Brunel, Mass production, Matthew Boulton, Mechanization, Nail (fastener), Nasmyth, Gaskell and Company, Piece work, Portsmouth Block Mills, Productivity improving technologies, Putting-out system, Richard Arkwright, Robert Owen, Sabotage, Samuel Bentham, Samuel Crompton, Samuel Slater, Skill (labor), ..., Slovakia, Soho Manufactory, Spinning (textiles), Standardization, Steam engine, Tendency of the rate of profit to fall, The Condition of the Working Class in England, Truck system, United Kingdom, Utopian socialism, Wage, Waltham-Lowell system, Warmley, Water frame, Weaving, Workforce. Expand index (16 more) » « Shrink index
Adam Smith (16 June 1723 NS (5 June 1723 OS) – 17 July 1790) was a Scottish economist, philosopher and author as well as a moral philosopher, a pioneer of political economy and a key figure during the Scottish Enlightenment era.
The American system of manufacturing was a set of manufacturing methods that evolved in the 19th century.
An assembly line is a manufacturing process (often called a progressive assembly) in which parts (usually interchangeable parts) are added as the semi-finished assembly moves from workstation to workstation where the parts are added in sequence until the final assembly is produced.
The Baldwin Locomotive Works was an American manufacturer of railroad locomotives from 1825 to 1956.
In sailing, a block is a single or multiple pulley.
A brass mill is a mill which processes brass.
Bristol is a city and county in South West England with a population of 456,000.
The British Agricultural Revolution, or Second Agricultural Revolution, was the unprecedented increase in agricultural production in Britain due to increases in labour and land productivity between the mid-17th and late 19th centuries.
Capitalism is an economic system based upon private ownership of the means of production and their operation for profit.
Centralisation (British), or centralization (both British and American), is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision-making, become concentrated within a particular location or group, keeping all of the important decision-making powers within the head office or the centre of the organisation.
Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective case, around the seeds of the cotton plants of the genus Gossypium in the mallow family Malvaceae.
Cromford Mills is a multi-use visitor centre, office space and learning venue which is the centrepiece of the UNESCO World Heritage Site, Derwent Valley Mills - once the home of the world's first water-powered cotton spinning mill, developed by Richard Arkwright in 1771 in Cromford, Derbyshire, England.
Derby is a city and unitary authority area in Derbyshire, England.
Derby Silk Mill, formerly known as Derby Industrial Museum, is a museum of industry and history in Derby, England.
Derbyshire is a county in the East Midlands of England.
Derwent Valley Mills is a World Heritage Site along the River Derwent in Derbyshire, England, designated in December 2001.
The division of labour is the separation of tasks in any system so that participants may specialize.
In microeconomics, economies of scale are the cost advantages that enterprises obtain due to their scale of operation (typically measured by amount of output produced), with cost per unit of output decreasing with increasing scale.
A factory or manufacturing plant is an industrial site, usually consisting of buildings and machinery, or more commonly a complex having several buildings, where workers manufacture goods or operate machines processing one product into another.
Friedrich Engels (. Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.;, sometimes anglicised Frederick Engels; 28 November 1820 – 5 August 1895) was a German philosopher, social scientist, journalist and businessman.
The Great Famine (an Gorta Mór) or the Great Hunger was a period of mass starvation, disease, and emigration in Ireland between 1845 and 1849.
Henry Maudslay (pronunciation and spelling) (22 August 1771 – 14 February 1831) was a British machine tool innovator, tool and die maker, and inventor.
Her Majesty's Naval Base, Portsmouth (HMNB Portsmouth) is one of three operating bases in the United Kingdom for the British Royal Navy (the others being HMNB Clyde and HMNB Devonport).
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
Interchangeable parts are parts (components) that are, for practical purposes, identical.
John Kay was a clockmaker from Warrington, Lancashire, England, associated with the scandal surrounding invention of the spinning frame in 1767, an important stage in the development of textile manufacturing in the Industrial Revolution.
John Lombe (1693 in Norwich – November 20, 1722 in Derby) was a silk spinner in the 18th century Derby, England.
Josiah Wedgwood (12 July 1730 – 3 January 1795) was an English potter and entrepreneur.
Karl MarxThe name "Karl Heinrich Marx", used in various lexicons, is based on an error.
A line shaft is a power driven rotating shaft for power transmission that was used extensively from the Industrial Revolution until the early 20th century.
Lowell Mills refers to the 19th-century mills that operated in the city of Lowell, Massachusetts, which was named after Francis Cabot Lowell, who introduced a new manufacturing system called the "Lowell System", also known as the "Waltham-Lowell System".
The Luddites were a radical group of English textile workers and weavers in the 19th century who destroyed weaving machinery as a form of protest.
Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.
Sir Marc Isambard Brunel (25 April 1769 – 12 December 1849) was a French-born engineer who settled in England.
Mass production, also known as flow production or continuous production, is the production of large amounts of standardized products, including and especially on assembly lines.
Matthew Boulton (3 September 1728 – 17 August 1809) was an English manufacturer and business partner of Scottish engineer James Watt.
Mechanization or mechanisation (British English) is the process of changing from working largely or exclusively by hand or with animals to doing that work with machinery.
In woodworking and construction, a nail is a pin-shaped object of metal (or wood, called a tree nail or "trunnel") which is used as a fastener, as a peg to hang something, or sometimes as a decoration.
Nasmyth, Gaskell and Company, originally called The Bridgewater Foundry, specialised in the production of heavy machine tools and locomotives.
Piece work (or piecework) is any type of employment in which a worker is paid a fixed piece rate for each unit produced or action performed regardless of time.
The Portsmouth Block Mills form part of the Portsmouth Dockyard at Portsmouth, Hampshire, England, and were built during the Napoleonic Wars to supply the British Royal Navy with pulley blocks.
This article is about the important technologies that have historically increased productivity and is intended to serve as the History section of Productivity from which it was moved.
The putting-out system is a means of subcontracting work.
Sir Richard Arkwright (23 December 1732 – 3 August 1792) was an English inventor and a leading entrepreneur during the early Industrial Revolution.
Robert Owen (14 May 1771 – 17 November 1858) was a Welsh textile manufacturer, philanthropic social reformer, and one of the founders of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement.
Sabotage is a deliberate action aimed at weakening a polity, effort or organization through subversion, obstruction, disruption or destruction.
Sir Samuel Bentham (11 January 1757 – 31 May 1831) was a noted English mechanical engineer and naval architect credited with numerous innovations, particularly related to naval architecture, including weapons.
Samuel Crompton (3 December 1753 – 26 June 1827) was an English inventor and pioneer of the spinning industry.
Samuel Slater (June 9, 1768 – April 21, 1835) was an early English-American industrialist known as the "Father of the American Industrial Revolution" (a phrase coined by Andrew Jackson) and the "Father of the American Factory System".
Skill is a measure of the amount of worker's expertise, specialization, wages, and supervisory capacity.
Slovakia (Slovensko), officially the Slovak Republic (Slovenská republika), is a landlocked country in Central Europe.
The Soho Manufactory was an early factory which pioneered mass production on the assembly line principle, in Soho, Birmingham, England, at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution.
Spinning is the twisting together of drawn-out strands of fibers to form yarn, and is a major part of the textile industry.
Standardization or standardisation is the process of implementing and developing technical standards based on the consensus of different parties that include firms, users, interest groups, standards organizations and governments Standardization can help to maximize compatibility, interoperability, safety, repeatability, or quality.
A steam engine is a heat engine that performs mechanical work using steam as its working fluid.
The tendency of the rate of profit to fall (TRPF) is a hypothesis in economics and political economy, most famously expounded by Karl Marx in chapter 13 of Capital, Volume III.
The Condition of the Working Class in England (German: Die Lage der arbeitenden Klasse in England) is an 1845 book by the German philosopher Friedrich Engels, a study of the industrial working class in Victorian England.
A truck system is an arrangement in which employees are paid in commodities or some money substitute (such as vouchers or token coins, called in some dialects scrip or chit) rather than with standard money.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
Utopian socialism is a label used to define the first currents of modern socialist thought as exemplified by the work of Henri de Saint-Simon, Charles Fourier, Étienne Cabet and Robert Owen.
A wage is monetary compensation (or remuneration, personnel expenses, labor) paid by an employer to an employee in exchange for work done.
The Waltham-Lowell system was a labor and production model employed in the United States, particularly in New England, during the early years of the American textile industry in the early 19th century.
Warmley is a village in South Gloucestershire, England.
A water frame is a water-powered spinning frame designed for the production of cotton thread, first used in 1768.
Weaving is a method of textile production in which two distinct sets of yarns or threads are interlaced at right angles to form a fabric or cloth.
The workforce or labour force (labor force in American English; see spelling differences) is the labour pool in employment.