51 relations: Anatol Lieven, Banana republic, Bosnian War, Bureaucracy, Charles Tilly, Collective action, Crisis States Research Centre, De facto, De jure, Foreign Policy, Fragile state, Fragile States Index, Fund for Peace, Gang, Geopolitics, Insurgency, International community, International Review of the Red Cross, Iraq War, Kosovo War, List of ongoing armed conflicts, Mafia state, Max Weber, Monopoly on violence, Non-state actor, Ochlocracy, Pakistan, Paramilitary, Pariah state, Political corruption, RAND Corporation, Robert I. Rotberg, Rogue state, Societal collapse, South Asia, Sovereign state, Sovereignty, Stabilization of fragile states, State collapse, Sub-Saharan Africa, Terrorism, The American Economic Review, The Washington Post, Third World, Transnational crime, United States Department of Justice, Violent non-state actor, War in Afghanistan (2001–present), War in North-West Pakistan, Warlord, ..., Western Europe. Expand index (1 more) » « Shrink index
Peter Paul Anatol Lieven (28 June 1960) is a British author, Orwell Prize-winning journalist, and policy analyst.
In political science, the term banana republic describes a politically unstable country with an economy dependent upon the exportation of a limited-resource product, e.g. bananas, minerals, etc.
The Bosnian War was an international armed conflict that took place in Bosnia and Herzegovina between 1992 and 1995.
Bureaucracy refers to both a body of non-elective government officials and an administrative policy-making group.
Charles Tilly (May 27, 1929 – April 29, 2008) was an American sociologist, political scientist, and historian who wrote on the relationship between politics and society.
Collective action refers to action taken together by a group of people whose goal is to enhance their status and achieve a common objective.
The Crisis States Research Centre is based within the Development Studies Institute (DESTIN) of the London School of Economics and is funded by a grant from the UK Department for International Development (DFID).
In law and government, de facto (or;, "in fact") describes practices that exist in reality, even if not legally recognised by official laws.
In law and government, de jure (lit) describes practices that are legally recognised, whether or not the practices exist in reality.
Foreign Policy is an American news publication, founded in 1970 and focused on global affairs, current events, and domestic and international policy.
A fragile state is a low-income country characterized by weak state capacity and/or weak state legitimacy leaving citizens vulnerable to a range of shocks.
The Fragile States Index (FSI; formerly the Failed States Index) is an annual report published by the United States think tank the Fund for Peace and the American magazine Foreign Policy since 2005.
The Fund for Peace is a US non-profit, non-governmental research and educational institution.
A gang is a group of associates, friends or members of a family with a defined leadership and internal organization that identifies with or claims control over territory in a community and engages, either individually or collectively, in illegal, and possibly violent, behavior.
Geopolitics (from Greek γῆ gê "earth, land" and πολιτική politikḗ "politics") is the study of the effects of geography (human and physical) on politics and international relations.
An insurgency is a rebellion against authority (for example, an authority recognized as such by the United Nations) when those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerents (lawful combatants).
The international community is a phrase used in geopolitics and international relations to refer to a broad group of people and governments of the world.
The International Review of the Red Cross is a quarterly peer-reviewed public health journal published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of the International Committee of the Red Cross.
The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.
The following is a list of ongoing armed conflicts that are taking place around the world and continue to result in violence.
The term mafia state is a political buzzword to describe a state system where the government is tied with organized crime, including when government officials, police, and/or military take part in illicit enterprises.
Maximilian Karl Emil "Max" Weber (21 April 1864 – 14 June 1920) was a German sociologist, philosopher, jurist, and political economist.
The monopoly of the legitimate use of physical force, also known as the monopoly on violence (Gewaltmonopol des Staates), is a core concept of modern public law, which goes back to Jean Bodin's 1576 work Les Six livres de la République and Thomas Hobbes' 1651 book Leviathan.
In international relations, non-state actors (NSAs) are individuals and groups that hold influence and which are wholly or partly independent of state governments.
Ochlocracy (ὀχλοκρατία, okhlokratía; ochlocratia) or mob rule is the rule of government by mob or a mass of people, or, the intimidation of legitimate authorities.
Pakistan (پاکِستان), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان), is a country in South Asia.
A paramilitary is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, tactics, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military, but which is not included as part of a state's formal armed forces.
A pariah state (also called an international pariah or a global pariah) is a nation considered to be an outcast in the international community.
Political corruption is the use of powers by government officials or their network contacts for illegitimate private gain.
RAND Corporation ("Research ANd Development") is an American nonprofit global policy think tank created in 1948 by Douglas Aircraft Company to offer research and analysis to the United States Armed Forces.
Robert Irwin Rotberg (born April 11, 1935) is an American who served as President of the World Peace Foundation (1993–2010).
Rogue state or outlaw state is a term applied by some international theorists to states they consider threatening to the world's peace.
Societal collapse is the fall of a complex human society.
South Asia or Southern Asia (also known as the Indian subcontinent) is a term used to represent the southern region of the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan SAARC countries and, for some authorities, adjoining countries to the west and east.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
Sovereignty is the full right and power of a governing body over itself, without any interference from outside sources or bodies.
Promoting recovery from conflict is not limited to simply a humanitarian, security or development issue and often involves a combination of all three.
State collapse, breakdown, or downfall is the complete failure of a mode of government within a sovereign state.
Sub-Saharan Africa is, geographically, the area of the continent of Africa that lies south of the Sahara.
Terrorism is, in the broadest sense, the use of intentionally indiscriminate violence as a means to create terror among masses of people; or fear to achieve a financial, political, religious or ideological aim.
The American Economic Review is a peer-reviewed academic journal of economics.
The Washington Post is a major American daily newspaper founded on December 6, 1877.
The term "Third World" arose during the Cold War to define countries that remained non-aligned with either NATO or the Communist Bloc.
Transnational crimes are crimes that have actual or potential effect across national borders and crimes that are intrastate but offend fundamental values of the international community.
The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.
In international relations violent non-state actors (VNSA) (also known as non-state armed actors or non-state armed groups) are individuals and groups which are wholly or partly independent of state governments and which threaten or use violence to achieve their goals.
The War in Afghanistan (or the U.S. War in Afghanistan; code named Operation Enduring Freedom – Afghanistan (2001–2014) and Operation Freedom's Sentinel (2015–present)) followed the United States invasion of Afghanistan of October 7, 2001.
The War in North-West Pakistan, also known as the War in Waziristan, is an armed conflict involving Pakistan, and armed militant groups such as the Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), Jundallah, Lashkar-e-Islam (LeI), TNSM, al-Qaeda, and their Central Asian allies such as the ISIL–Khorasan (ISIL), Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, East Turkistan Movement, Emirate of Caucasus, and elements of organized crime.
A warlord is a leader able to exercise military, economic, and political control over a subnational territory within a sovereign state due to their ability to mobilize loyal armed forces.
Western Europe is the region comprising the western part of Europe.