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Fairy tale

Index Fairy tale

A fairy tale, wonder tale, magic tale, or Märchen is folklore genre that takes the form of a short story that typically features entities such as dwarfs, dragons, elves, fairies, giants, gnomes, goblins, griffins, mermaids, talking animals, trolls, unicorns, or witches, and usually magic or enchantments. [1]

320 relations: A. S. Byatt, Aarne–Thompson classification systems, Aesop, Africa, Alan Garner, Alexander Afanasyev, Allerleirauh, Americas, An allem ist Hütchen schuld!, Analytical psychology, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Andrew Lang, Andrew Lang's Fairy Books, Angela Carter, Animal Farm, Animal tale, Animation, Anime, Anthropologist, Anti-fairy tale, Antti Aarne, Audrey Niffenegger, Australia, Álfheimr, Baital Pachisi, Bawang Merah Bawang Putih, BBC, BDSM, Beauty and the Beast, Beauty and the Beast (1946 film), Beauty and the Beast (1991 film), Bel and the Dragon, Black Bull of Norroway, Bluebeard, Bronze Age, Brother and Sister, Brothers Grimm, Brunhild, Bruno Bettelheim, Buddhism, Cannibalism, Cap-o'-Rushes, Carlo Gozzi, Cat, Catskin, Charles Dickens, Charles Perrault, Children's literature, Chinese folklore, ..., Cinderella, Cinderella (1950 film), Cinema of the Soviet Union, Cladistics, Cleis Press, Commedia dell'arte, Contemporary literature, Cupid and Psyche, Damsel in distress, Deal with the Devil, Deerskin (novel), Denmark, Die Kluge, Diminutive, Donkeyskin, Donor (fairy tale), Dragon, Duan Chengshi, Durham University, Dwarf (mythology), E. E. Cummings, Early modern France, Edmund Spenser, Elf, England, Epic poetry, Eurocentrism, Evolutionary biology, Expurgation, Fable, Fables (comics), Fair, Brown and Trembling, Fairy, Fairy godmother, Fairy Tales (Cummings book), Fairy-tale opera, Fairytale fantasy, False hero, Fantastic, Fantasy, Feminism, Fetishism, Film, Finette Cendron, Fitcher's Bird, Folklore, Folklore of India, Folklore of Russia, Folklore studies, Foot binding, Fox, France, Franz Xaver von Schönwerth, French folklore, Geoffrey Chaucer, George Cruikshank, George MacDonald, George Orwell, German language, Germanic mythology, Germany, Giambattista Basile, Giant, Giovanni Francesco Straparola, Gnome, Goblin, Griffin, Grimms' Fairy Tales, Hans Christian Andersen, Hansel and Gretel, Hansel and Gretel (opera), Happily N'Ever After, Happy ending, Hardcover, Hero, Hero's journey, How the Devil Married Three Sisters, Huli jing, Human condition, Idries Shah, Incantation, India, Iona and Peter Opie, Ireland, Italian Folktales, Italo Calvino, Italy, J. R. R. Tolkien, Jack and the Beanstalk, Jack Zipes, Jane Yolen, Japan, Jørgen Moe, Jean Cocteau, Jean de La Fontaine, Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont, Jeremiah Curtin, John Clute, John Francis Campbell, John Grant (author), Jon Scieszka, Joseph Jacobs, Joseph Ritson, Kallo and the Goblins, Kaloghlan, Katie Woodencloak, King Lear, Kunio Yanagita, L. Frank Baum, Labyrinth (film), Last glacial period, Le cheval de bronze, Legend, Legende sau basmele românilor, Lewis Seifert, Liezi, Lilith (novel), List of Disney animated films based on fairy tales, List of fairy tales, Little Red Riding Hood, Luchino Visconti, Madame d'Aulnoy, Madame de La Fayette, Madeleine de Scudéry, Magic (supernatural), Magic in fiction, Magical Princess Minky Momo, Marcello Mastroianni, Maria Tatar, Marie-Louise von Franz, Marina Warner, MÄR, Mermaid, Michel Ocelot, Momotarō, Motif (narrative), Mr Simigdáli, Multiculturalism, My Neighbor Totoro, Naples, New University of Lisbon, Norse mythology, Norway, Norwegian Folktales, Novelist, Nursery rhyme, Ogre, On Fairy-Stories, Once upon a time, One Thousand and One Nights, Opéra féerie, Oral tradition, Pan's Labyrinth, Panchatantra, Pantomime, Parlour game, Pentamerone, Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, Petre Ispirescu, Phantastes, Plot (narrative), Polygamy, Popular Tales of the West Highlands, Précieuses, Prince, Princess, Princess Mononoke, Princess Tutu, Proto-Indo-Europeans, Psychoanalysis, Psychology, Pu Songling, Puddocky, Quest, Rapunzel, Religion, Renaissance literature, Revolutionary Girl Utena, Robert Munsch, Robin McKinley, Romance (love), Romania, Romantic nationalism, Rule of three (writing), Rumpelstiltskin, Russia, Russian fairy tale, Russian Fairy Tales, Ruth Manning-Sanders, Salon (gathering), Scotland, Scottish people, Shippeitaro, Short story, Shrek (franchise), Silly Symphony, Sleeping Beauty, Sleeping Beauty (1959 film), Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937 film), Solar deity, Special effect, Species, Spike (2008 film), Stepmother, Stith Thompson, Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio, Suspiria, Syfy, Talking animal, Tall tale, Taoism, Temperance movement, The Boy Who Drew Cats, The Canary Prince, The Canterbury Tales, The Company of Wolves, The Encyclopedia of Fantasy, The Facetious Nights of Straparola, The Faerie Queene, The Fox Sister, The Frog Prince, The Golden Ass, The Golden Bird, The Golden Key, The Heart of a Monkey, The Hobbit, The Juniper Tree (fairy tale), The Light Princess, The Love for Three Oranges (fairy tale), The Magic Flute, The Princess and the Goblin, The Red Ettin, The Riddle (fairy tale), The Ridere of Riddles, The Sandman (Vertigo), The Stinky Cheese Man and Other Fairly Stupid Tales, The Story of Tam and Cam, The Story of the Youth Who Went Forth to Learn What Fear Was, The Walt Disney Company, The Wolf and the Seven Young Goats, The Wonderful Birch, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, Three Little Pigs (film), Traditional story, Troll, Turkey, Undine (novella), Unicorn, United Kingdom, United States, Variety (magazine), Vasilisa the Beautiful, Victorian era, Vladimir Propp, Wales, Walt Disney, Water and Salt, Western literature, White Nights (1957 film), William Shakespeare, Witchcraft, World Tales, World War II, Worldbuilding, Ye Xian, Yei Theodora Ozaki, Youngest son, Zémire et Azor, Zhuangzi (book), Ziya Gökalp. Expand index (270 more) »

A. S. Byatt

Dame Antonia Susan Duffy HonFBA (née Drabble; born 24 August 1936), known professionally as A. S. Byatt, is an English novelist, poet and Booker Prize winner.

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Aarne–Thompson classification systems

The Aarne–Thompson classification systems are indices used to classify folktales: the Aarne–Thompson Motif-Index (catalogued by alphabetical letters followed by numerals), the Aarne–Thompson Tale Type Index (cataloged by AT or AaTh numbers), and the Aarne–Thompson–Uther classification system (developed in 2004 and cataloged by ATU numbers).

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Aesop (Αἴσωπος,; c. 620 – 564 BCE) was a Greek fabulist and storyteller credited with a number of fables now collectively known as Aesop's Fables.

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Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).

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Alan Garner

Alan Garner OBE (born 17 October 1934) is an English novelist best known for his children's fantasy novels and his retellings of traditional British folk tales.

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Alexander Afanasyev

Alexander Nikolayevich Afanasyev (Afanasief, Afanasiev or Afanas'ev, Александр Николаевич Афанасьев) (—) was a Russian Slavist and ethnographer who published nearly 600 Russian fairy and folk tales, one of the largest collections of folklore in the world.

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"Allerleirauh" ("All-Kinds-of-Fur", sometimes translated as "Thousandfurs") is a fairy tale recorded by the Brothers Grimm.

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The Americas (also collectively called America)"America." The Oxford Companion to the English Language.

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An allem ist Hütchen schuld!

('Hattie is to blame for everything!'), Op.

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Analytical psychology

Analytical psychology (sometimes analytic psychology), also called Jungian psychology, is a school of psychotherapy which originated in the ideas of Carl Jung, a Swiss psychiatrist.

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Ancient Greece

Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).

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Ancient Rome

In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.

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Andrew Lang

Andrew Lang, FBA (31 March 184420 July 1912) was a Scottish poet, novelist, literary critic, and contributor to the field of anthropology.

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Andrew Lang's Fairy Books

The Langs' Fairy Books are a series of 25 collections of true and fictional stories for children published between 1889 and 1913.

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Angela Carter

Angela Olive Carter-Pearce (née Stalker; 7 May 1940 – 16 February 1992), who published under the pen name Angela Carter, was an English novelist, short story writer and journalist, known for her feminist, magical realism, and picaresque works.

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Animal Farm

Animal Farm is an allegorical novella by George Orwell, first published in England on 17 August 1945.

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Animal tale

An animal tale or beast fable generally consists of a short story or poem in which animals talk, is a traditional form of allegorical writing.

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Animation is a dynamic medium in which images or objects are manipulated to appear as moving images.

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Anime is a style of hand-drawn and computer animation originating in, and commonly associated with, Japan.

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An anthropologist is a person engaged in the practice of anthropology.

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Anti-fairy tale

An anti-fairy tale, also called anti-tale, is a fairy tale which, unlike an ordinary one, has a tragic, rather than a happy ending, with the antagonists winning and the protagonists losing at the end of the story.

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Antti Aarne

Antti Amatus Aarne (December 5, 1867 Pori – February 2, 1925 Helsinki) was a Finnish folklorist.

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Audrey Niffenegger

Audrey Niffenegger (born June 13, 1963) is an American writer, artist and academic.

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Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands.

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Alfheim ("Land Of The Elves" or "Elfland"), also called Ljosalfheim (Ljósálfheimr, "home of the light-elves"), is one of the Nine Worlds and home of the Light Elves in Norse mythology.

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Baital Pachisi

Vetala Panchavimshati (वेतालपञ्चविंशति, IAST) or Baital Pachisi ("Twenty-five (tales) of Baital"), is a collection of tales and legends within a frame story, from India.

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Bawang Merah Bawang Putih

Bawang merah dan bawang putih (Malay/Indonesian for Shallots and Garlic) is a popular traditional folklore originated from Nusantara (Malay archipelago), about two siblings with opposite characters; one good and one bad, and an unjust step mother.

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The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.

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BDSM is a variety of often erotic practices or roleplaying involving bondage, discipline, dominance and submission, sadomasochism, and other related interpersonal dynamics.

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Beauty and the Beast

Beauty and the Beast (La Belle et la Bête) is a traditional fairy tale written by French novelist Gabrielle-Suzanne Barbot de Villeneuve and published in 1740 in La Jeune Américaine et les contes marins (The Young American and Marine Tales).

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Beauty and the Beast (1946 film)

Beauty and the Beast (La Belle et la Bête) is a 1946 French romantic fantasy film directed by French poet and filmmaker Jean Cocteau.

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Beauty and the Beast (1991 film)

Beauty and the Beast is a 1991 American animated musical romantic fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Feature Animation and released by Walt Disney Pictures.

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Bel and the Dragon

The narrative of Bel and the Dragon is incorporated as chapter 14 of the extended Book of Daniel.

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Black Bull of Norroway

The Black Bull of Norroway is a fairy tale from Scotland.

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"Bluebeard" (French: Barbe bleue) is a French folktale, the most famous surviving version of which was written by Charles Perrault and first published by Barbin in Paris in 1697 in Histoires ou contes du temps passé.

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Bronze Age

The Bronze Age is a historical period characterized by the use of bronze, and in some areas proto-writing, and other early features of urban civilization.

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Brother and Sister

"Brother and Sister" is a well-known European fairy tale which was, among others, written down by the Brothers Grimm in their collection of Children's and Household Tales (Grimm's Fairy Tales).

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Brothers Grimm

The Brothers Grimm (die Brüder Grimm or die Gebrüder Grimm), Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm, were German academics, philologists, cultural researchers, lexicographers and authors who together collected and published folklore during the 19th century.

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Brunhild, also known as Brunhilda or Brynhild (Old Norse Brynhildr, Middle High German Brünhilt, Modern German Brünhild or Brünhilde) is a powerful female figure from Germanic heroic legend.

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Bruno Bettelheim

Bruno Bettelheim (August 28, 1903 – March 13, 1990) was the director of the Orthogenic School for Disturbed Children at the University of Chicago from 1944 to 1973.

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Buddhism is the world's fourth-largest religion with over 520 million followers, or over 7% of the global population, known as Buddhists.

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Cannibalism is the act of one individual of a species consuming all or part of another individual of the same species as food.

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"Cap-o'-Rushes" is an English fairy tale published by Joseph Jacobs in English Fairy Tales.

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Carlo Gozzi

Carlo, Count Gozzi (13 December 1720 – 4 April 1806) was an Italian playwright and defender of Commedia dell'Arte.

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The domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus or Felis catus) is a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal.

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Catskin is an English fairy tale collected by Joseph Jacobs, in More English Fairy Tales.

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Charles Dickens

Charles John Huffam Dickens (7 February 1812 – 9 June 1870) was an English writer and social critic.

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Charles Perrault

Charles Perrault (12 January 1628 – 16 May 1703) was a French author and member of the Académie Française.

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Children's literature

Children's literature or juvenile literature includes stories, books, magazines, and poems that are enjoyed by children.

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Chinese folklore

Chinese folklore encompasses the folklore of China, and includes songs, poetry, dances, puppetry, and tales.

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Cinderella (Cenerentola, Cendrillon, Aschenputtel), or The Little Glass Slipper, is a folk tale embodying a myth-element of unjust oppression and triumphant reward.

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Cinderella (1950 film)

Cinderella is a 1950 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney and originally released by RKO Radio Pictures.

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Cinema of the Soviet Union

The cinema of the Soviet Union, not to be confused with "cinema of Russia" despite films in the Russian language being predominant in the body of work so described, includes films produced by the constituent republics of the Soviet Union reflecting elements of their pre-Soviet culture, language and history, albeit they were all regulated by the central government in Moscow.

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Cladistics (from Greek κλάδος, cládos, i.e., "branch") is an approach to biological classification in which organisms are categorized in groups ("clades") based on the most recent common ancestor.

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Cleis Press

Cleis Press is an independent publisher of books in the areas of sexuality, erotica, feminism, gay and lesbian studies, gender studies, fiction, and human rights.

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Commedia dell'arte

(comedy of the profession) was an early form of professional theatre, originating from Italy, that was popular in Europe from the 16th through the 18th century.

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Contemporary literature

Contemporary literature is literature with its setting generally after World War I. Subgenres of contemporary literature include contemporary romance.

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Cupid and Psyche

Cupid and Psyche is a story originally from Metamorphoses (also called The Golden Ass), written in the 2nd century AD by Lucius Apuleius Madaurensis (or Platonicus).

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Damsel in distress

The damsel-in-distress, persecuted maiden, or princess in jeopardy is a classic theme in world literature, art, film and video games.

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Deal with the Devil

A deal with the devil (also known as compact or pact with the devil) is a cultural motif, best exemplified by the legend of Faust and the figure of Mephistopheles, but elemental to many Christian traditions.

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Deerskin (novel)

Deerskin is a dark fantasy novel by Robin McKinley, first published in 1993.

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Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.

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Die Kluge

Die Kluge. (The Wise. The Story of the King and the Wise Woman) is an opera in 12 scenes written by Carl Orff.

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A diminutive is a word that has been modified to convey a slighter degree of its root meaning, to convey the smallness of the object or quality named, or to convey a sense of intimacy or endearment.

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Donkeyskin (Peau d'Âne) is a French literary fairytale written in verse by Charles Perrault.

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Donor (fairy tale)

In fairy tales, a donor is a character that tests the hero (and sometimes other characters as well) and provides magical assistance to the hero when he or she succeeds.

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A dragon is a large, serpent-like legendary creature that appears in the folklore of many cultures around the world.

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Duan Chengshi

Duan Chengshi (died 863) was a Chinese poet and writer of the Tang Dynasty.

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Durham University

Durham University (legally the University of Durham) is a collegiate public research university in Durham, North East England, with a second campus in Stockton-on-Tees.

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Dwarf (mythology)

In Germanic mythology, a dwarf is a human-shaped entity that dwells in mountains and in the earth, and is variously associated with wisdom, smithing, mining, and crafting.

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E. E. Cummings

Edward Estlin "E.

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Early modern France

The Kingdom of France in the early modern period, from the Renaissance (circa 1500–1550) to the Revolution (1789–1804), was a monarchy ruled by the House of Bourbon (a Capetian cadet branch).

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Edmund Spenser

Edmund Spenser (1552/1553 – 13 January 1599) was an English poet best known for The Faerie Queene, an epic poem and fantastical allegory celebrating the Tudor dynasty and Elizabeth I. He is recognized as one of the premier craftsmen of nascent Modern English verse, and is often considered one of the greatest poets in the English language.

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An elf (plural: elves) is a type of human-shaped supernatural being in Germanic mythology and folklore.

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England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.

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Epic poetry

An epic poem, epic, epos, or epopee is a lengthy narrative poem, ordinarily involving a time beyond living memory in which occurred the extraordinary doings of the extraordinary men and women who, in dealings with the gods or other superhuman forces, gave shape to the moral universe that their descendants, the poet and his audience, must understand to understand themselves as a people or nation.

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Eurocentrism (also Western-centrism) is a worldview centered on and biased towards Western civilization.

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Evolutionary biology

Evolutionary biology is the subfield of biology that studies the evolutionary processes that produced the diversity of life on Earth, starting from a single common ancestor.

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Expurgation, also known as bowdlerization, is a form of censorship which involves purging anything deemed noxious or offensive from an artistic work, or other type of writing of media.

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Fable is a literary genre: a succinct fictional story, in prose or verse, that features animals, legendary creatures, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of nature that are anthropomorphized (given human qualities, such as the ability to speak human language) and that illustrates or leads to a particular moral lesson (a "moral"), which may at the end be added explicitly as a pithy maxim or saying.

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Fables (comics)

Fables is an American comic book series created and written by Bill Willingham, published by DC Comics' Vertigo.

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Fair, Brown and Trembling

Fair, Brown and Trembling is an Irish fairy tale collected by Jeremiah Curtin in Myths and Folk-lore of Ireland and Joseph Jacobs in his Celtic Fairy Tales.

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A fairy (also fata, fay, fey, fae, fair folk; from faery, faerie, "realm of the fays") is a type of mythical being or legendary creature in European folklore, a form of spirit, often described as metaphysical, supernatural, or preternatural.

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Fairy godmother

In fairy tales, a fairy godmother is a fairy with magical powers who acts as a mentor or parent to someone, in the role that an actual godparent was expected to play in many societies.

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Fairy Tales (Cummings book)

Fairy Tales is a book of short stories by E. E. Cummings, published posthumously in 1965.

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Fairy-tale opera

Fairy-tale opera may refer to any of several traditions of opera based on fairy tales.

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Fairytale fantasy

Fairytale fantasy is distinguished from other subgenres of fantasy by the works' heavy use of motifs, and often plots, from folklore.

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False hero

The false hero is a stock character in fairy tales, and sometimes also in ballads.

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The fantastic (le fantastique) is a subgenre of literary works characterized by the ambiguous presentation of seemingly supernatural forces.

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Fantasy is a genre of speculative fiction set in a fictional universe, often without any locations, events, or people referencing the real world.

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Feminism is a range of political movements, ideologies, and social movements that share a common goal: to define, establish, and achieve political, economic, personal, and social equality of sexes.

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A fetish (derived from the French fétiche; which comes from the Portuguese feitiço; and this in turn from Latin facticius, "artificial" and facere, "to make") is an object believed to have supernatural powers, or in particular, a human-made object that has power over others.

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A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.

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Finette Cendron

Finette Cendron (meaning in English, Cunning Cinders) is a French literary fairy tale written by Madame d'Aulnoy.

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Fitcher's Bird

"Fitcher's Bird" (German: Fitchers Vogel) is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm, tale number 46.

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Folklore is the expressive body of culture shared by a particular group of people; it encompasses the traditions common to that culture, subculture or group.

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Folklore of India

The folklore of India compasses the folklore of the nation of India and the Indian subcontinent.

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Folklore of Russia

Folklore of Russia is folklore of Russians and other ethnic groups of Russia.

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Folklore studies

Folklore studies, also known as folkloristics, and occasionally tradition studies or folk life studies in Britain, is the formal academic discipline devoted to the study of folklore.

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Foot binding

Foot binding was the custom of applying tight binding to the feet of young girls to modify the shape of their feet.

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Foxes are small-to-medium-sized, omnivorous mammals belonging to several genera of the family Canidae.

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France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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Franz Xaver von Schönwerth

Franz Xaver von Schönwerth (16 July 1810 – 24 May 1886; born Franz Xaver Schönwerth, ennobled in 1859) was a Bavarian civil servant who was an important collector of folklore in the Upper Palatinate region.

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French folklore

French folklore encompasses the fables, folklore and fairy tales and legends of the Gauls, Franks, Normans, Bretons, Occitans, and other peoples living in France.

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Geoffrey Chaucer

Geoffrey Chaucer (c. 1343 – 25 October 1400), known as the Father of English literature, is widely considered the greatest English poet of the Middle Ages.

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George Cruikshank

George Cruikshank (27 September 1792 – 1 February 1878) was a British caricaturist and book illustrator, praised as the "modern Hogarth" during his life.

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George MacDonald

George MacDonald (10 December 1824 – 18 September 1905) was a Scottish author, poet and Christian minister.

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George Orwell

Eric Arthur Blair (25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950), better known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic whose work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism and outspoken support of democratic socialism.

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German language

German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.

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Germanic mythology

Germanic mythology consists of the body of myths native to the Germanic peoples.

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Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.

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Giambattista Basile

Giambattista Basile (February 1566 – February 1632) was a Neapolitan poet, courtier, and fairy tale collector.

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Giants (from Latin and Ancient Greek: "gigas", cognate giga-) are beings of human appearance, but prodigious size and strength common in the mythology and legends of many different cultures.

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Giovanni Francesco Straparola

Giovanni Francesco "Gianfrancesco" Straparola, also known as Zoan or Zuan Francesco Straparola da Caravaggio (ca. 1485?-1558), was a writer of poetry, and collector and writer of short stories.

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A gnome is a diminutive spirit in Renaissance magic and alchemy, first introduced by Paracelsus in the 16th century and later adopted by more recent authors including those of modern fantasy literature.

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A goblin is a monstrous creature from European folklore, first attested in stories from the Middle Ages.

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The griffin, griffon, or gryphon (Greek: γρύφων, grýphōn, or γρύπων, grýpōn, early form γρύψ, grýps; gryphus) is a legendary creature with the body, tail, and back legs of a lion; the head and wings of an eagle; and an eagle's talons as its front feet.

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Grimms' Fairy Tales

The Grimms' Fairy Tales, originally known as the Children's and Household Tales (lead), is a collection of fairy tales by the Grimm brothers or "Brothers Grimm", Jacob and Wilhelm, first published on 20 December 1812.

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Hans Christian Andersen

Hans Christian Andersen (2 April 1805 – 4 August 1875) was a Danish author.

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Hansel and Gretel

"Hansel and Gretel" (also known as Hansel and Grettel, Hansel and Grethel, or Little Brother and Little Sister; Hänsel und Gretel (Hänsel und Grethel)) is a well-known fairy tale of German origin, recorded by the Brothers Grimm and published in 1812.

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Hansel and Gretel (opera)

Hansel and Gretel (German) is an opera by nineteenth-century composer Engelbert Humperdinck, who described it as a (fairy-tale opera).

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Happily N'Ever After

Happily N'Ever After is a 2007 American-German computer-animated fantasy family film directed by Paul J. Bolger, produced by John H. Williams, written by Rob Moreland and based on the fairy tales of the Brothers Grimm and Hans Christian Andersen.

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Happy ending

A happy ending is an ending of the plot of a work of fiction in which almost everything turns out for the best for the protagonists, their sidekicks, and almost everyone except the villains.

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A hardcover or hardback (also known as hardbound, and sometimes as case-bound) book is one bound with rigid protective covers (typically of Binder's board or heavy paperboard covered with buckram or other cloth, heavy paper, or occasionally leather).

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A hero (masculine) or heroine (feminine) is a real person or a main character of a literary work who, in the face of danger, combats adversity through feats of ingenuity, bravery or strength; the original hero type of classical epics did such things for the sake of glory and honor.

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Hero's journey

In narratology and comparative mythology, the monomyth, or the hero's journey, is the common template of a broad category of tales that involve a hero who goes on an adventure, and in a decisive crisis wins a victory, and then comes home changed or transformed.

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How the Devil Married Three Sisters

How the Devil Married Three Sisters is an Italian fairy tale found in Thomas Frederick Crane's Italian Popular Tales (1885).

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Huli jing

Huli jing (狐狸精) or jiuweihu (九尾狐) are Chinese mythological creatures who can be either good or bad spirits.

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Human condition

The human condition is "the characteristics, key events, and situations which compose the essentials of human existence, such as birth, growth, emotionality, aspiration, conflict, and mortality".

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Idries Shah

Idries Shah (ادريس شاه, ادریس شاه; 16 June 1924 – 23 November 1996), also known as Idris Shah, né Sayed Idries el-Hashimi (Arabic: سيد إدريس هاشمي) and by the pen name Arkon Daraul, was an author and teacher in the Sufi tradition who wrote over three dozen books on topics ranging from psychology and spirituality to travelogues and culture studies.

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An incantation, enchantment, or magic spell is a set of words, spoken or unspoken, which are considered by its user to invoke some magical effect.

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India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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Iona and Peter Opie

Iona Margaret Balfour Opie, CBE, FBA (13 October 1923 – 23 October 2017) and Peter Mason Opie (25 November 1918 – 5 February 1982) were a married team of folklorists, who applied modern techniques to children's literature, summarised in their studies The Oxford Dictionary of Nursery Rhymes (1951) and The Lore and Language of Schoolchildren (1959).

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Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

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Italian Folktales

Italian Folktales (Fiabe italiane) is a collection of 200 Italian folktales published in 1956 by Italo Calvino.

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Italo Calvino

Italo Calvino (. RAI (circa 1970), retrieved 25 October 2012. 15 October 1923 – 19 September 1985) was an Italian journalist and writer of short stories and novels.

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Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.

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J. R. R. Tolkien

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, (Tolkien pronounced his surname, see his phonetic transcription published on the illustration in The Return of the Shadow: The History of The Lord of the Rings, Part One. Christopher Tolkien. London: Unwin Hyman, 1988. (The History of Middle-earth; 6). In General American the surname is also pronounced. This pronunciation no doubt arose by analogy with such words as toll and polka, or because speakers of General American realise as, while often hearing British as; thus or General American become the closest possible approximation to the Received Pronunciation for many American speakers. Wells, John. 1990. Longman pronunciation dictionary. Harlow: Longman, 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor who is best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.

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Jack and the Beanstalk

"Jack and the Beanstalk" is an English fairy tale.

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Jack Zipes

Jack David Zipes (born 1937) is an American academic and folklorist who has published and lectured on the subject of fairy tales, their evolution, and their social and political role in civilizing processes.

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Jane Yolen

Jane Hyatt Yolen (born February 11, 1939) is an American writer of fantasy, science fiction, and children's books.

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Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Jørgen Moe

Jørgen Engebretsen Moe (22 April 1813–27 March 1882) was a Norwegian folklorist, bishop, poet, and author.

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Jean Cocteau

Jean Maurice Eugène Clément Cocteau (5 July 1889 – 11 October 1963) was a French poet, writer, designer, playwright, artist and filmmaker.

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Jean de La Fontaine

Jean de La Fontaine (8 July 162113 April 1695) was a French fabulist and one of the most widely read French poets of the 17th century.

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Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont

Jeanne-Marie Leprince de Beaumont (26 April 17118 September 1780) was a French author who wrote the best known version of Beauty and the Beast.

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Jeremiah Curtin

Jeremiah Curtin (6 September 1835 – 14 December 1906) was an American ethnographer, folklorist, and translator.

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John Clute

John Frederick Clute (born 12 September 1940) is a Canadian-born author and critic specializing in science fiction (also SF, sf) and fantasy literature who has lived in both England and the United States since 1969.

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John Francis Campbell

John Francis Campbell (Scottish Gaelic: Iain Frangan Caimbeul; Islay, 29 December 1821 – Cannes, 17 February 1885), also known as Young John of Islay (Scottish Gaelic: Iain Òg Ìle) was a renowned Scottish author and scholar who specialised in Celtic studies.

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John Grant (author)

John Grant (born 22 November 1949) is a Scottish writer and editor of science fiction, fantasy, and non-fiction.

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Jon Scieszka

Jon Scieszka (which phonetically resembles ścieżka, the Polish word for "path") (born September 8, 1954) is an American children's writer, best known for picture books created with the illustrator Lane Smith.

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Joseph Jacobs

Joseph Jacobs (29 August 1854 – 30 January 1916) was an Australian folklorist, translator, literary critic, social scientist, historian and writer of English literature who became a notable collector and publisher of English folklore.

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Joseph Ritson

Joseph Ritson (2 October 1752 – 23 September 1803) was an English antiquary.

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Kallo and the Goblins

Kallo and the Goblins is a Greek fairy tale.

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Keloğlan (Turkish: bald boy) is a fictional character in Turkish culture.

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Katie Woodencloak

"Katie Woodencloak" or "Kari Woodengown" (originally "Kari Trestakk") is a Norwegian fairy tale collected by Peter Christen Asbjørnsen and Jørgen Moe in Norske Folkeeventyr.

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King Lear

King Lear is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare.

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Kunio Yanagita

was a Japanese scholar and considered the father of Japanese native folkloristics, or minzokugaku.

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L. Frank Baum

Lyman Frank Baum (May 15, 1856 – May 6, 1919), better known as L. Frank Baum, was an American author chiefly famous for his children's books, particularly The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and its sequels.

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Labyrinth (film)

Labyrinth is a 1986 musical fantasy film directed by Jim Henson, executive-produced by George Lucas, and based upon conceptual designs by Brian Froud.

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Last glacial period

The last glacial period occurred from the end of the Eemian interglacial to the end of the Younger Dryas, encompassing the period years ago.

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Le cheval de bronze

Le cheval de bronze (The Bronze Horse) is an opéra comique by the French composer Daniel Auber, first performed on 23 March 1835 by the Opéra-Comique at the Salle de la Bourse in Paris.

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Legend is a genre of folklore that consists of a narrative featuring human actions perceived or believed both by teller and listeners to have taken place within human history.

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Legende sau basmele românilor

Legende sau basmele românilor ("Legends or Romanian Fairy-tales") is a collection, in several volumes, of Romanian folktales, first published in 1872 by Petre Ispirescu.

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Lewis Seifert

Lewis Carl Seifert (born February 1, 1962) is a professor of French Literature at Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, USA.

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The Liezi is a Daoist text attributed to Lie Yukou, a c. 5th century BCE Hundred Schools of Thought philosopher, but Chinese and Western scholars believe it was compiled around the 4th century CE.

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Lilith (novel)

Lilith is a fantasy novel written by Scottish writer George MacDonald and first published in 1895.

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List of Disney animated films based on fairy tales

Fairy tales have provided a source of inspiration for the Disney studio.

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List of fairy tales

Fairy tales are stories that range from those originating in folklore to more modern stories defined as literary fairy tales.

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Little Red Riding Hood

"Little Red Riding Hood" is a European fairy tale about a young girl and a Big Bad Wolf.

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Luchino Visconti

Luchino Visconti di Modrone, Count of Lonate Pozzolo (2 November 1906 – 17 March 1976), was an Italian theatre, opera and cinema director, as well as a screenwriter.

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Madame d'Aulnoy

Marie-Catherine Le Jumel de Barneville, Baroness d'Aulnoy (1650/1651–4 January 1705), also known as Countess d'Aulnoy, was a French writer known for her fairy tales.

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Madame de La Fayette

Marie-Madeleine Pioche de La Vergne, comtesse de La Fayette (baptized 18 March 1634 – 25 May 1693), better known as Madame de La Fayette, was a French writer, the author of La Princesse de Clèves, France's first historical novel and one of the earliest novels in literature.

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Madeleine de Scudéry

Madeleine de Scudéry (15 November 1607 – 2 June 1701), often known simply as Mademoiselle de Scudéry, was a French writer.

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Magic (supernatural)

Magic is a category in Western culture into which have been placed various beliefs and practices considered separate from both religion and science.

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Magic in fiction

Magic in fiction is the endowment of characters or objects in works of fiction with powers that do not naturally occur in the real world.

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Magical Princess Minky Momo

is a Japanese magical-girl anime franchise by Production Reed.

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Marcello Mastroianni

Marcello Vincenzo Domenico Mastroianni, Knight Grand Cross (28 September 1924 – 19 December 1996) was an Italian film actor.

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Maria Tatar

Maria Magdalene Tatar (born May 13, 1945) is an American academic whose expertise lies in children's literature, German literature, and folklore.

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Marie-Louise von Franz

Marie-Louise von Franz (4 January 1915 – 17 February 1998) was a Swiss Jungian psychologist and scholar, renowned for her psychological interpretations of fairy tales and of alchemical manuscripts.

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Marina Warner

Dame Marina Sarah Warner, (born 1946) is a British novelist, short story writer, historian and mythographer.

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Märchen Awakens Romance, officially abbreviated as, is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Nobuyuki Anzai.

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In folklore, a mermaid is an aquatic creature with the head and upper body of a female human and the tail of a fish.

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Michel Ocelot

Michel Ocelot (born October 27, 1943) is a French writer, character designer, storyboard artist and director of animated films and television programs (formerly also animator, background artist, narrator and other roles in earlier works) and a former president of the International Animated Film Association.

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is a popular hero of Japanese folklore originating from Okayama Prefecture.

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Motif (narrative)

In narrative, a motif is any recurring element that has symbolic significance in a story.

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Mr Simigdáli

Mr Simigdáli is a Greek fairy tale, collected by Irene Naumann-Mavrogordato in Es war einmal: Neugriechische Volksmärchen.

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Multiculturalism is a term with a range of meanings in the contexts of sociology, political philosophy, and in colloquial use.

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My Neighbor Totoro

is a 1988 Japanese animated fantasy film written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki and animated by Studio Ghibli for Tokuma Shoten.

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Naples (Napoli, Napule or; Neapolis; lit) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy after Rome and Milan.

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New University of Lisbon

New University of Lisbon (Universidade Nova de Lisboa -) or NOVA is a Portuguese university whose Rectorate is located in Campolide, Lisbon.

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Norse mythology

Norse mythology is the body of myths of the North Germanic people stemming from Norse paganism and continuing after the Christianization of Scandinavia and into the Scandinavian folklore of the modern period.

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Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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Norwegian Folktales

Norwegian Folktales (Norske Folkeeventyr) is a collection of Norwegian folktales and legends by Peter Christen Asbjørnsen and Jørgen Moe.

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A novelist is an author or writer of novels, though often novelists also write in other genres of both fiction and non-fiction.

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Nursery rhyme

A nursery rhyme is a traditional poem or song for children in Britain and many other countries, but usage of the term only dates from the late 18th/early 19th century.

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An ogre (feminine: "ogress") is a legendary monster usually depicted as a large, hideous, man-like being that eats ordinary human beings, especially infants and children.

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On Fairy-Stories

"On Fairy-Stories" is an essay by J. R. R. Tolkien which discusses the fairy-story as a literary form.

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Once upon a time

"Once upon a time" is a stock phrase used to introduce a narrative of past events, typically in fairy tales and folk tales.

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One Thousand and One Nights

One Thousand and One Nights (ʾAlf layla wa-layla) is a collection of Middle Eastern folk tales compiled in Arabic during the Islamic Golden Age.

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Opéra féerie

(plural) is a French genre of opera or opéra-ballet, often with elements of magic in their stories.

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Oral tradition

Oral tradition, or oral lore, is a form of human communication where in knowledge, art, ideas and cultural material is received, preserved and transmitted orally from one generation to another.

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Pan's Labyrinth

Pan's Labyrinth (lit) is a 2006 dark fantasy drama film written and directed by Guillermo del Toro.

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The Panchatantra (IAST: Pañcatantra, पञ्चतन्त्र, "Five Treatises") is an ancient Indian work of political philosophy, in the form of a collection of interrelated animal fables in Sanskrit verse and prose, arranged within a frame story.

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Pantomime (informally panto) is a type of musical comedy stage production designed for family entertainment.

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Parlour game

A parlour or parlor game is a group game played indoors.

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The Pentamerone (Neapolitan subtitle: Lo cunto de li cunti, "The Tale of Tales") is a seventeenth-century fairy tale collection by Italian poet and courtier Giambattista Basile.

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Peter Christen Asbjørnsen

Peter Christen Asbjørnsen (15 January 18126 January 1885) was a Norwegian writer and scholar.

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Petre Ispirescu

Petre Ispirescu (January 1830 – 21 November 1887) was a Romanian editor, folklorist, printer and publicist.

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Phantastes: A Faerie Romance for Men and Women is a fantasy novel by Scottish writer George MacDonald, first published in London in 1858.

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Plot (narrative)

Plot refers to the sequence of events inside a story which affect other events through the principle of cause and effect.

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Polygamy (from Late Greek πολυγαμία, polygamía, "state of marriage to many spouses") is the practice of marrying multiple spouses.

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Popular Tales of the West Highlands

Popular Tales of the West Highlands is a four-volume collection of fairy tales, collected and published by John Francis Campbell, and often translated from Gaelic.

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The French literary style called préciosité (preciousness) arose in the 17th century from the lively conversations and playful word games of les précieuses, the witty and educated intellectual ladies who frequented the salon of Catherine de Vivonne, marquise de Rambouillet; her Chambre bleue (the "blue room" of her hôtel particulier) offered a Parisian refuge from the dangerous political factionalism and coarse manners of the royal court during the minority of Louis XIV.

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A prince is a male ruler or member of a monarch's or former monarch's family ranked below a king and above a duke.

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Princess is a regal rank and the feminine equivalent of prince (from Latin princeps, meaning principal citizen).

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Princess Mononoke

is a 1997 Japanese animated epic historical fantasy film written and directed by Hayao Miyazaki, animated by Studio Ghibli for Tokuma Shoten, Nippon Television Network and Dentsu, and distributed by Toho.

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Princess Tutu

is a Japanese magical girl anime series created by Ikuko Itoh in 2002 for animation studio Hal Film Maker.

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The Proto-Indo-Europeans were the prehistoric people of Eurasia who spoke Proto-Indo-European (PIE), the ancestor of the Indo-European languages according to linguistic reconstruction.

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Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders.

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Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.

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Pu Songling

Pu Songling (5 June 1640 – 25 February 1715) was a Qing Dynasty Chinese writer, best known as the author of Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio (Liaozhai zhiyi).

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Puddocky is an old German tale.

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A quest serves as a plot device in mythology and fiction: a difficult journey towards a goal, often symbolic or allegorical.

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"Rapunzel" is a German fairy tale in the collection assembled by the Brothers Grimm, and first published in 1812 as part of Children's and Household Tales.

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Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.

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Renaissance literature

Renaissance literature refers to European literature which was influenced by the intellectual and cultural tendencies associated with the Renaissance.

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Revolutionary Girl Utena

is a manga by Chiho Saito and an anime directed by Kunihiko Ikuhara.

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Robert Munsch

Robert Norman Munsch, CM (born June 11, 1945) is an American-born Canadian children's author.

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Robin McKinley

Jennifer Carolyn Robin McKinley (born November 16, 1952), known as Robin McKinley, is an American author of fantasy and children's books.

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Romance (love)

Romance is the expressive and generally pleasurable feeling from an emotional attraction towards another person.

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Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.

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Romantic nationalism

Romantic nationalism (also national romanticism, organic nationalism, identity nationalism) is the form of nationalism in which the state derives its political legitimacy as an organic consequence of the unity of those it governs.

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Rule of three (writing)

The rule of three is a writing principle that suggests that a trio of events or characters is more humorous, satisfying, or effective than other numbers in execution of the story and engaging the reader.

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Rumpelstiltskin is a fairytale popularly associated with Germany (where he is known as Rumpelstilzchen).

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Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

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Russian fairy tale

Skazka (Сказка) is a Russian word literally meaning “story,” but used to mean fairy tale or a fantasy tale.

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Russian Fairy Tales

Russian Fairy Tales (Народные Русские Сказки, variously translated; English titles include also Russian Folk Tales), is a collection of nearly 600 fairy and folktales, collected and published by Alexander Afanasyev between 1855 and 1863.

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Ruth Manning-Sanders

Ruth Manning-Sanders (21 August 1886 – 12 October 1988) was a Welsh-born English poet and author, well known for a series of children's books in which she collected and related fairy tales from all over the world.

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Salon (gathering)

A salon is a gathering of people under the roof of an inspiring host.

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Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

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Scottish people

The Scottish people (Scots: Scots Fowk, Scottish Gaelic: Albannaich), or Scots, are a nation and ethnic group native to Scotland. Historically, they emerged from an amalgamation of two Celtic-speaking peoples, the Picts and Gaels, who founded the Kingdom of Scotland (or Alba) in the 9th century. Later, the neighbouring Celtic-speaking Cumbrians, as well as Germanic-speaking Anglo-Saxons and Norse, were incorporated into the Scottish nation. In modern usage, "Scottish people" or "Scots" is used to refer to anyone whose linguistic, cultural, family ancestral or genetic origins are from Scotland. The Latin word Scoti originally referred to the Gaels, but came to describe all inhabitants of Scotland. Considered archaic or pejorative, the term Scotch has also been used for Scottish people, primarily outside Scotland. John Kenneth Galbraith in his book The Scotch (Toronto: MacMillan, 1964) documents the descendants of 19th-century Scottish pioneers who settled in Southwestern Ontario and affectionately referred to themselves as 'Scotch'. He states the book was meant to give a true picture of life in the community in the early decades of the 20th century. People of Scottish descent live in many countries other than Scotland. Emigration, influenced by factors such as the Highland and Lowland Clearances, Scottish participation in the British Empire, and latterly industrial decline and unemployment, have resulted in Scottish people being found throughout the world. Scottish emigrants took with them their Scottish languages and culture. Large populations of Scottish people settled the new-world lands of North and South America, Australia and New Zealand. Canada has the highest level of Scottish descendants per capita in the world and the second-largest population of Scottish descendants, after the United States. Scotland has seen migration and settlement of many peoples at different periods in its history. The Gaels, the Picts and the Britons have their respective origin myths, like most medieval European peoples. Germanic peoples, such as the Anglo-Saxons, arrived beginning in the 7th century, while the Norse settled parts of Scotland from the 8th century onwards. In the High Middle Ages, from the reign of David I of Scotland, there was some emigration from France, England and the Low Countries to Scotland. Some famous Scottish family names, including those bearing the names which became Bruce, Balliol, Murray and Stewart came to Scotland at this time. Today Scotland is one of the countries of the United Kingdom, and the majority of people living there are British citizens.

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is the name of a helper dog in the Japanese fairy tale by the same name.

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Short story

A short story is a piece of prose fiction that typically can be read in one sitting and focuses on a self-contained incident or series of linked incidents, with the intent of evoking a "single effect" or mood, however there are many exceptions to this.

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Shrek (franchise)

The Shrek franchise from DreamWorks Animation, based on William Steig's picture book Shrek!, consists of four computer-animated films including: Shrek (2001), Shrek 2 (2004), Shrek the Third (2007), and Shrek Forever After (2010), with a fifth film planned for an unscheduled release date.

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Silly Symphony

Silly Symphony is a series of 75 animated short films produced by Walt Disney Productions from 1929 to 1939.

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Sleeping Beauty

Sleeping Beauty (La Belle au bois dormant), or Little Briar Rose (Dornröschen), also titled in English as The Sleeping Beauty in the Woods, is a classic fairy tale which involves a beautiful princess, a sleeping enchantment, and a handsome prince.

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Sleeping Beauty (1959 film)

Sleeping Beauty is a 1959 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney based on The Sleeping Beauty by Charles Perrault.

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Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937 film)

Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs is a 1937 American animated musical fantasy film produced by Walt Disney Productions and originally released by RKO Radio Pictures.

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Solar deity

A solar deity (also sun god or sun goddess) is a sky deity who represents the Sun, or an aspect of it, usually by its perceived power and strength.

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Special effect

Special effects (often abbreviated as SFX, SPFX, or simply FX) are illusions or visual tricks used in the film, television, theatre, video game and simulator industries to simulate the imagined events in a story or virtual world.

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In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.

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Spike (2008 film)

Spike is a 2008 horror-romance directed by Robert Beaucage, produced by String And A Can Productions, and starring Edward Gusts, Sarah Livingston Evans, Anna-Marie Wayne, Nancy P. Corbo, and Jared Edwards.

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A stepmother is the current wife of one's natural parent that is not one's biological mother.

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Stith Thompson

Stith Thompson (March 7, 1885 – January 10, 1976) was an American scholar of folklore.

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Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio

Liaozhai Zhiyi (Liaozhai), translated variously as Strange Tales from a Chinese Studio or Strange Stories from a Chinese Studio is a collection of Classical Chinese stories by Pu Songling comprising close to five hundred "marvel tales" in the zhiguai and chuanqi styles which serve to implicitly criticise societal issues then.

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Suspiria (Latin: "sighs") is a 1977 Italian supernatural horror film directed by Dario Argento, co-written by Argento and Daria Nicolodi, partially based on Thomas De Quincey's 1845 essay Suspiria de Profundis (Sighs from the Depths) and co-produced by Claudio and Salvatore Argento.

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Syfy (formerly Sci-Fi Channel and Sci Fi) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by the NBCUniversal Cable Entertainment Group division of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.

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Talking animal

A talking animal or speaking animal is any non-human animal that can produce sounds or gestures resembling those of a human language.

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Tall tale

A tall tale is a story with unbelievable elements, related as if it were true and factual.

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Taoism, also known as Daoism, is a religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao (also romanized as ''Dao'').

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Temperance movement

The temperance movement is a social movement against the consumption of alcoholic beverages.

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The Boy Who Drew Cats

is a Japanese fairy tale translated by Lafcadio Hearn, published in 1898, as number 23 of Hasegawa Takejirō's Japanese Fairy Tale Series.

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The Canary Prince

The Canary Prince is an Italian fairy tale, the 18th tale in Italian Folktales by Italo Calvino.

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The Canterbury Tales

The Canterbury Tales (Tales of Caunterbury) is a collection of 24 stories that runs to over 17,000 lines written in Middle English by Geoffrey Chaucer between 1387 and 1400.

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The Company of Wolves

The Company of Wolves is a 1984 British Gothic fantasy-horror film directed by Neil Jordan and starring Sarah Patterson, Angela Lansbury, Stephen Rea and David Warner.

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The Encyclopedia of Fantasy

The Encyclopedia of Fantasy is a 1997 reference work concerning fantasy fiction, edited by John Clute and John Grant.

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The Facetious Nights of Straparola

The Facetious Nights of Straparola (1550-1555; Italian: Le piacevoli notti), also known as The Nights of Straparola, is a two-volume collection of 75Nancy Canepa.

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The Faerie Queene

The Faerie Queene is an English epic poem by Edmund Spenser.

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The Fox Sister

The Fox Sister is a Korean fairy tale about the mythical Korean nine-tailed fox demon (kumiho).

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The Frog Prince

"The Frog Prince; or, Iron Henry" (Der Froschkönig oder der eiserne Heinrich, literally "The Frog King; or, The Iron Heinrich") is a fairy tale, best known through the Brothers Grimm's written version; traditionally it is the first story in their collection.

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The Golden Ass

The Metamorphoses of Apuleius, which St. Augustine referred to as The Golden Ass (Asinus aureus), is the only ancient Roman novel in Latin to survive in its entirety.

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The Golden Bird

"The Golden Bird" is a Brothers Grimm fairy tale, number 57, about the pursuit of a golden bird by a gardener's three sons.

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The Golden Key

The Golden Key is a fairy tale written by George MacDonald.

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The Heart of a Monkey

The Heart of a Monkey is a Swahili fairy tale collected by Edward Steere in Swahili Tales.

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The Hobbit

The Hobbit, or There and Back Again is a children's fantasy novel by English author J. R. R. Tolkien.

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The Juniper Tree (fairy tale)

"The Juniper Tree" is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm.

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The Light Princess

The Light Princess is a Scottish fairy tale by George MacDonald.

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The Love for Three Oranges (fairy tale)

"The Love for Three Oranges" or "The Three Citrons" is an Italian literary fairy tale written by Giambattista Basile in the Pentamerone.

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The Magic Flute

The Magic Flute (German), K. 620, is an opera in two acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to a German libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder.

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The Princess and the Goblin

The Princess and the Goblin is a children's fantasy novel by George MacDonald.

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The Red Ettin

The Red Ettin or The Red Etin is a fairy tale collected by Joseph Jacobs.

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The Riddle (fairy tale)

"The Riddle" (Das Rätsel) is a German fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm, tale number 22.

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The Ridere of Riddles

The Ridere of Riddles is a Scottish fairy tale collected by John Francis Campbell in Popular Tales of the West Highlands, listing as his informant John Mackenzie, a fisherman near Inverary.

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The Sandman (Vertigo)

The Sandman is a comic book series written by Neil Gaiman and published by DC Comics.

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The Stinky Cheese Man and Other Fairly Stupid Tales

The Stinky Cheese Man and Other Fairly Stupid Tales is a postmodern children's book written by Jon Scieszka and illustrated by Lane Smith.

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The Story of Tam and Cam

The Story of Tấm and Cám (Tấm Cám) is an ancient Vietnamese fairy tale.

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The Story of the Youth Who Went Forth to Learn What Fear Was

"The Story of the Youth Who Went Forth to Learn What Fear Was" or "The Story of a Boy Who Went Forth to Learn Fear" (Märchen von einem, der auszog das Fürchten zu lernen) is a German folktale collected by the Brothers Grimm.

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The Walt Disney Company

The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.

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The Wolf and the Seven Young Goats

"The Wolf and the Seven Young Goats" (Der Wolf und die sieben jungen Geißlein) is a fairy tale collected by the Brothers Grimm, tale number 5.

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The Wonderful Birch

The Wonderful Birch is a Finnish/Russian fairy tale.

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The Wonderful Wizard of Oz

The Wonderful Wizard of Oz is an American children's novel written by author L. Frank Baum and illustrated by W. W. Denslow, originally published by the George M. Hill Company in Chicago on May 17, 1900.

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Three Little Pigs (film)

Three Little Pigs is an animated short film released on May 27, 1933 by United Artists, produced by Walt Disney and directed by Burt Gillett.

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Traditional story

Traditional stories, or stories about traditions, differ from both fiction and nonfiction in that the importance of transmitting the story's worldview is generally understood to transcend an immediate need to establish its categorization as imaginary or factual.

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A troll is a class of being in Norse mythology and Scandinavian folklore.

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Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.

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Undine (novella)

Undine is a fairy-tale novella (Erzählung) by Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué in which Undine, a water spirit, marries a knight named Huldebrand in order to gain a soul.

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The unicorn is a legendary creature that has been described since antiquity as a beast with a single large, pointed, spiraling horn projecting from its forehead.

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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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Variety (magazine)

Variety is a weekly American entertainment trade magazine and website owned by Penske Media Corporation.

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Vasilisa the Beautiful

Vasilisa (Василиса Прекрасная) is a Russian fairy tale collected by Alexander Afanasyev in Narodnye russkie skazki.

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Victorian era

In the history of the United Kingdom, the Victorian era was the period of Queen Victoria's reign, from 20 June 1837 until her death on 22 January 1901.

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Vladimir Propp

Vladimir Yakovlevich Propp (Владимир Яковлевич Пропп; – 22 August 1970) was a Soviet folklorist and scholar who analyzed the basic plot components of Russian folk tales to identify their simplest irreducible narrative elements.

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Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.

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Walt Disney

Walter Elias Disney (December 5, 1901December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer.

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Water and Salt

Water and Salt is an Italian fairy tale, it can be found in the collection Italian Popular Tales, collected by Thomas Frederick Crane.

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Western literature

Western literature, also known as European literature, is the literature written in the context of Western culture in the languages of Europe, including the ones belonging to the Indo-European language family as well as several geographically or historically related languages such as Basque and Hungarian.

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White Nights (1957 film)

Le Notti Bianche (White Nights) is a 1957 Italian film directed by Italian neorealist Luchino Visconti.

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William Shakespeare

William Shakespeare (26 April 1564 (baptised)—23 April 1616) was an English poet, playwright and actor, widely regarded as both the greatest writer in the English language, and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.

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Witchcraft or witchery broadly means the practice of and belief in magical skills and abilities exercised by solitary practitioners and groups.

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World Tales

World Tales, subtitled "The Extraordinary Coincidence of Stories Told in All Times, in All Places" is a book of 65 folk tales collected by Idries Shah from around the world, mostly from literary sources.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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Worldbuilding is the process of constructing an imaginary world, sometimes associated with a whole fictional universe.

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Ye Xian

"Ye Xian" is a Chinese fairy tale that is similar to the European Cinderella story, the Malay-Indonesian Bawang Putih Bawang Merah tale, the Vietnamese Tấm Cám story, and stories from other ethnic groups including the Tibetans and the Zhuangs.

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Yei Theodora Ozaki

was an early 20th-century translator of Japanese short stories and fairy tales.

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Youngest son

The youngest son is a stock character in fairy tales, where he features as the hero.

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Zémire et Azor

(Zémire and Azor) is an opéra comique, described as a comédie-ballet mêlée de chants et de danses, in four acts by the Belgian composer André Grétry.

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Zhuangzi (book)

The Zhuangzi (Mandarin:; historically romanized Chuang-tzu) is an ancient Chinese text from the late Warring States period (476221) which contains stories and anecdotes that exemplify the carefree nature of the ideal Daoist sage.

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Ziya Gökalp

Mehmed Ziya Gökalp (23 March 1876 – 25 October 1924) was a Turkish sociologist, writer, poet, and political activist.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fairy_tale

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