120 relations: Aluminium–lithium alloy, Ames Research Center, Apollo 8, Arab Satellite Communications Organization, Arabsat-6A, Ariane 5, Asteroid belt, Asteroid mining, Atmosphere of Mars, Atmospheric entry, BFR (rocket), Biosignature, Boca Chica Village, Texas, Boilerplate (spaceflight), Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Capital (economics), CBS News, CNBC, Collet, Comparison of orbital launch systems, Comparison of orbital launchers families, Compressed fluid, Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate, CubeSat, Deep Space Atomic Clock, Delta IV Heavy, Dragon 2, East Coast of the United States, Eastern Time Zone, Elon Musk, Elon Musk's Tesla Roadster, Energia, Escape velocity, Europa (moon), European Aviation Network, Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle, Expansion ratio, Expendable launch system, Exploration of Mars, Falcon 5, Falcon 9, Falcon 9 Full Thrust, Falcon Heavy test flight, Flight test, Free-return trajectory, Friction stir welding, Geostationary transfer orbit, Green Propellant Infusion Mission, Grid fin, GTO, ..., Gyroscope, Heat shield, Heavy-lift launch vehicle, Heliocentric orbit, Honeycomb structure, Houston Chronicle, Human-rating certification, Inmarsat, Innovative Space-based Radar Antenna Technology, Intelsat, Intelsat 35e, Kennedy Space Center, Kennedy Space Center Launch Complex 39, Landing Zones 1 and 2, Leo, LightSail 2, Liquid oxygen, List of Falcon 9 first-stage boosters, Long March 5, Low Earth orbit, Mars, Mars Society, McGregor, Texas, Merlin (rocket engine family), Modular rocket, Moon, Multistage rocket, N1 (rocket), National Press Club (United States), New Glenn, Orbital mechanics, Orbital spaceflight, Perihelion and aphelion, Private spaceflight, Pyrophoricity, Reusable launch system, RP-1, Saturn C-3, Saturn V, Space and Missile Systems Center, Space Launch System, Space Test Program, Spaceflight, SpaceNews, SpaceX, SpaceX CRS-7, SpaceX Dragon, SpaceX launch facilities, SpaceX Mars transportation infrastructure, SpaceX Red Dragon, SpaceX South Texas Launch Site, Subcooling, Super heavy-lift launch vehicle, To be announced, Tonne, Trans-lunar injection, Triethylaluminium, Triethylborane, Twitter, United States Air Force, United States Department of Defense, United States federal government shutdowns of 2018, United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, Vandenberg Air Force Base, Viasat, Inc., VTVL, Vulcan (rocket), Washington, D.C., West Coast of the United States, Zenit (rocket family). Expand index (70 more) » « Shrink index
Aluminium–lithium alloys (Al–Li) are a series of alloys of aluminium and lithium, often also including copper and zirconium.
Ames Research Center (ARC), also known as NASA Ames, is a major NASA research center at Moffett Federal Airfield in California's Silicon Valley.
Apollo 8, the second manned spaceflight mission in the United States Apollo space program, was launched on December 21, 1968, and became the first manned spacecraft to leave Earth orbit, reach the Earth's Moon, orbit it and return safely to Earth.
The Arab Satellite Communications Organization (often abbreviated as Arabsat) is a communications satellite operator in the Arab World, headquartered in the city of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Arabsat-6A is a Saudi Arabian communications satellite operated by Arabsat.
Ariane 5 is a European heavy-lift launch vehicle that is part of the Ariane rocket family, an expendable launch system used to deliver payloads into geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) or low Earth orbit (LEO).
The asteroid belt is the circumstellar disc in the Solar System located roughly between the orbits of the planets Mars and Jupiter.
Asteroid mining is the exploitation of raw materials from asteroids and other minor planets, including near-Earth objects.
The atmosphere of the planet Mars is composed mostly of carbon dioxide.
Atmospheric entry is the movement of an object from outer space into and through the gases of an atmosphere of a planet, dwarf planet or natural satellite.
BFR is a privately funded next-generation reusable launch vehicle and spacecraft system developed by SpaceX.
A biosignature (sometimes called chemical fossil or molecular fossil) is any substance – such as an element, isotope, molecule, or phenomenon – that provides scientific evidence of past or present life.
Boca Chica Village, formerly Kennedy Shores and later Kopernik Shores, is a small unincorporated community in Cameron County, Texas, United States.
A boilerplate spacecraft, also known as a mass simulator, is a nonfunctional craft or payload that is used to test various configurations and basic size, load, and handling characteristics of rocket launch vehicles.
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) (known as Cape Kennedy Air Force Station from 1963 to 1973) is an installation of the United States Air Force Space Command's 45th Space Wing.
In economics, capital consists of an asset that can enhance one's power to perform economically useful work.
CBS News is the news division of American television and radio service CBS.
CNBC is an American basic cable, internet and satellite business news television channel that is owned by NBCUniversal News Group, a division of NBCUniversal, with both being ultimately owned by Comcast.
A collet is a subtype of chuck that forms a collar around an object to be held and exerts a strong clamping force on the object when it is tightened, usually by means of a tapered outer collar.
This is a comparison of orbital launch systems.
This page contains a list of orbital launchers' families.
A compressed fluid (also called a compressed or unsaturated liquid, subcooled fluid or liquid) is a fluid under mechanical or thermodynamic conditions that force it to be a liquid.
Constellation Observing System for Meteorology, Ionosphere, and Climate (COSMIC) is a program designed to provide advances in meteorology, ionospheric research, climatology, and space weather by using GPS satellites in conjunction with low Earth orbiting (LEO) satellites.
A CubeSat (U-class spacecraft) is a type of miniaturized satellite for space research that is made up of multiples of 10×10×10 cm cubic units.
The Deep Space Atomic Clock (DSAC) is a miniaturized, ultra-precise mercury-ion atomic clock for precise radio navigation in deep space.
The Delta IV Heavy (Delta 9250H) is an expendable heavy-lift launch vehicle, the largest type of the Delta IV family, and is the world's second highest-capacity rocket in operation, with a payload capacity half of SpaceX's Falcon Heavy rocket.
Dragon 2 (also Crew Dragon, Dragon V2, or formerly DragonRider) is the second version of the SpaceX Dragon spacecraft, which will be a human-rated vehicle.
The East Coast of the United States is the coastline along which the Eastern United States meets the North Atlantic Ocean.
The Eastern Time Zone (ET) is a time zone encompassing 17 U.S. states in the eastern part of the contiguous United States, parts of eastern Canada, the state of Quintana Roo in Mexico, Panama in Central America, and the Caribbean Islands.
Elon Reeve Musk (born June 28, 1971) is an American business magnate, investor and engineer.
Elon Musk's Tesla Roadster is an electric sports car that was the dummy payload for the Falcon Heavy test flight in February 2018.
Energia (Энергия, Energiya, "Energy") (GRAU 11K25) was a Soviet rocket that was designed by NPO Energia to serve as a heavy-lift partially recoverable launch system for a variety of payloads including the Buran spacecraft.
In physics, escape velocity is the minimum speed needed for an object to escape from the gravitational influence of a massive body.
Europa or as Ευρώπη (Jupiter II) is the smallest of the four Galilean moons orbiting Jupiter, and the sixth-closest to the planet.
The European Aviation Network is a hybrid-network built by Deutsche Telekom and Inmarsat in cooperation with their technological partner Nokia.
Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) is an expendable launch system program of the United States Air Force (USAF), intended to assure access to space for Department of Defense and other United States government payloads.
The expansion ratio of a liquefied and cryogenic substance is the volume of a given amount of that substance in liquid form compared to the volume of the same amount of substance in gaseous form, at room temperature and normal atmospheric pressure.
An expendable launch vehicle (ELV) is a launch system or launch vehicle stage that is used only once to carry a payload into space.
The planet Mars has been explored remotely by spacecraft.
The Falcon 5 was a proposed two-stage-to-orbit partially reusable launch vehicle designed by Space Exploration Technologies Corp., doing business as SpaceX, since canceled in preference of the larger, more powerful Falcon 9.
Falcon 9 is a family of two-stage-to-orbit medium lift launch vehicles, named for its use of nine Merlin first-stage engines, designed and manufactured by SpaceX.
Falcon 9 Full Thrust (also known as Falcon 9 v1.2, with Block 3, Block 4 and Block 5 variants) is a partially reusable medium-lift launch vehicle, designed and manufactured by SpaceX.
The Falcon Heavy Test Flight (also known as Falcon Heavy demonstration mission) was the first attempt by SpaceX to launch a Falcon Heavy rocket on February 6, 2018 at 20:45UTC.
Flight testing is a branch of aeronautical engineering that develops and gathers data during flight of an aircraft, or atmospheric testing of launch vehicles and reusable spacecraft, and then analyzes the data to evaluate the aerodynamic flight characteristics of the vehicle in order to validate the design, including safety aspects.
A free-return trajectory is a trajectory of a spacecraft traveling away from a primary body (for example, the Earth) where gravity due to a secondary body (for example, the Moon) causes the spacecraft to return to the primary body without propulsion (hence the term free).
Friction stir welding (FSW) is a solid-state joining process that uses a non-consumable tool to join two facing workpieces without melting the workpiece material.
A geosynchronous transfer orbit or geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) is a Hohmann transfer orbit—an elliptical orbit used to transfer between two circular orbits of different radii in the same plane—used to reach geosynchronous or geostationary orbit using high-thrust chemical engines.
The Green Propellant Infusion Mission (GPIM) is a planned NASA technology demonstrator project that will test a less toxic and higher performance/efficiency chemical propellant for next-generation launch vehicles and spacecraft.
Grid fins (or lattice fins) are a type of flight control surface used on rockets and bombs, sometimes in place of more conventional control surfaces, such as planar fins.
GTO may refer to.
A gyroscope (from Ancient Greek γῦρος gûros, "circle" and σκοπέω skopéō, "to look") is a device used for measuring or maintaining orientation and angular velocity.
A heat shield is designed to shield a substance from absorbing excessive heat from an outside source by either dissipating, reflecting or simply absorbing the heat.
A heavy-lift launch vehicle, HLV or HLLV, is an orbital launch vehicle capable of lifting between 20,000 to 50,000 kg to low Earth orbit (LEO).
A heliocentric orbit (also called circumsolar orbit) is an orbit around the barycenter of the Solar System, which is usually located within or very near the surface of the Sun.
Honeycomb structures are natural or man-made structures that have the geometry of a honeycomb to allow the minimization of the amount of used material to reach minimal weight and minimal material cost.
The Houston Chronicle is the largest daily newspaper in Houston, Texas, United States.
Human-rating certification is the certification of a spacecraft or launch vehicle as capable of safely transporting humans.
Inmarsat plc is a British satellite telecommunications company, offering global mobile services.
ISAT (Innovative Space-based radar Antenna Technology) is a spacecraft developed by the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory’s Space Vehicles Directorate to test technology for intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance spacecraft.
Intelsat, S.A. is a communications satellite services provider.
Intelsat 35e, also known as IS-35e is an Intelsat high-throughput geostationary communications satellite designed and manufactured by Boeing on the Boeing-702MP platform.
The John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) is one of ten National Aeronautics and Space Administration field centers.
Launch Complex 39 (LC-39) is a rocket launch site at the John F. Kennedy Space Center on Merritt Island in Florida, United States.
Landing Zone 1 and Landing Zone 2, also known as LZ-1 and LZ-2, is a landing facility for recovering components of SpaceX's VTVL reusable launch vehicles.
Leo, the Latin word for "lion", or LEO may refer to.
LightSail 2 is a project to demonstrate controlled solar sailing using a CubeSat developed by The Planetary Society, a global non-profit organization devoted to space exploration.
Liquid oxygen—abbreviated LOx, LOX or Lox in the aerospace, submarine and gas industries—is one of the physical forms of elemental oxygen.
A Falcon 9 first-stage booster is a first-stage reusable rocket booster used on the Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy orbital launch vehicles manufactured by SpaceX.
Long March 5 (LM-5, CZ-5, or Changzheng 5) is a Chinese heavy lift launch system developed by China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology (CALT).
A low Earth orbit (LEO) is an orbit around Earth with an altitude of or less, and with an orbital period of between about 84 and 127 minutes.
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and the second-smallest planet in the Solar System after Mercury.
The Mars Society is an American worldwide volunteer-driven space-advocacy non-profit organization dedicated to promoting the human exploration and settlement of the planet Mars.
McGregor is a city in McLennan and Coryell counties in the U.S. state of Texas.
Merlin is a family of rocket engines developed by SpaceX for use on its Falcon 1, Falcon 9 and Falcon Heavy launch vehicles.
A modular rocket is a type of multistage rocket which features components that can be interchanged for specific mission requirements.
The Moon is an astronomical body that orbits planet Earth and is Earth's only permanent natural satellite.
A multistage rocket, or step rocket is a launch vehicle that uses two or more rocket stages, each of which contains its own engines and propellant.
The N1 (Russian: Н1, from Ракета-носитель, Raketa-Nositel, carrier) was a super heavy-lift launch vehicle intended to deliver payloads beyond low Earth orbit, acting as the Soviet counterpart to the US Saturn V. It was designed with crewed extra-orbital travel in mind.
The National Press Club is a professional organization and business center for journalists and communications professionals.
The New Glenn is a privately funded orbital launch vehicle in development by Blue Origin.
Orbital mechanics or astrodynamics is the application of ballistics and celestial mechanics to the practical problems concerning the motion of rockets and other spacecraft.
An orbital spaceflight (or orbital flight) is a spaceflight in which a spacecraft is placed on a trajectory where it could remain in space for at least one orbit.
The perihelion of any orbit of a celestial body about the Sun is the point where the body comes nearest to the Sun.
Private spaceflight is flight beyond the Kármán line (above the nominal edge of space at Earth altitude)—or the development of new spaceflight technology—that is conducted and paid for by an entity other than a government agency.
A pyrophoric substance (from Greek πυροφόρος, pyrophoros, "fire-bearing") ignites spontaneously in air at or below 55 °C (130 °F).
A reusable launch system (RLS, or reusable launch vehicle, RLV) is a space launch system intended to allow for recovery of all or part of the system for later reuse.
RP-1 (alternately, Rocket Propellant-1 or Refined Petroleum-1) is a highly refined form of kerosene outwardly similar to jet fuel, used as rocket fuel.
The Saturn C-3 was the third rocket in the Saturn C series studied from 1959 to 1962.
The Saturn V (pronounced "Saturn five") was an American human-rated expendable rocket used by NASA between 1967 and 1973.
The Space and Missile Systems Center (SMC) is a part of Air Force Space Command of the United States Air Force, located at Los Angeles Air Force Base in El Segundo, Los Angeles County, California.
The Space Launch System (SLS) is an American Space Shuttle-derived heavy-lift expendable launch vehicle.
The Space Test Program (STP) is the primary provider of spaceflight for the United States Department of Defense (DoD) space science and technology community.
Spaceflight (also written space flight) is ballistic flight into or through outer space.
SpaceNews is a print and digital publication that covers business and political news in the space and satellite industry.
Space Exploration Technologies Corp., doing business as SpaceX, is a private American aerospace manufacturer and space transportation services company headquartered in Hawthorne, California.
SpaceX CRS-7, also known as SpX-7, was a private American rocket Commercial Resupply Service mission to the International Space Station, contracted to NASA, which launched and failed on June 28, 2015.
Dragon is a reusable spacecraft developed by SpaceX, an American private space transportation company based in Hawthorne, California.
, SpaceX uses three leased orbital launch sites: Launch Complex 39A of the Kennedy Space Center, Space Launch Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, both in Florida, and Space Launch Complex 4E of the Vandenberg Air Force Base in California.
Elon Musk and SpaceX have proposed the development of Mars transportation infrastructure in order to facilitate the eventual colonization of Mars.
Red Dragon was a 2011–2017 concept for using an uncrewed SpaceX Dragon 2 capsule for low-cost Mars lander missions to be launched using Falcon Heavy rockets.
The SpaceX South Texas Launch Site is a spaceport being built at Boca Chica Village near Brownsville, Texas for the private use of Space Exploration Technologies Corporation (SpaceX).
The term subcooling refers to a liquid existing at a temperature below its normal boiling point.
A super heavy-lift launch vehicle (SHLLV) is a launch vehicle capable of lifting more than of payload into low Earth orbit (LEO).
To be announced (TBA), to be confirmed (TBC), and to be determined (or to be decided) (TBD) are placeholder terms used very broadly in event planning to indicate that although something is scheduled or expected to happen, a particular aspect of that remains to be arranged or confirmed.
The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.
A trans-lunar injection (TLI) is a propulsive maneuver used to set a spacecraft on a trajectory that will cause it to arrive at the Moon.
Triethylaluminium is an organoaluminium compound.
Twitter is an online news and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets".
The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The United States federal government shutdown of 2018 began at midnight EST on Saturday, January 20, 2018, and ended on the evening of Monday, January 22.
The United States Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation is a standing committee of the United States Senate.
Vandenberg Air Force Base is a United States Air Force Base northwest of Lompoc, California.
Viasat Inc. is a communications company based in Carlsbad, California, with additional operations across the United States and worldwide.
Vertical takeoff, vertical landing (VTVL) is a form of takeoff and landing for rockets.
The Vulcan rocket, also known as the Vulcan Centaur, is an American heavy-payload launch vehicle under development since 2014 by United Launch Alliance (ULA), funded by a public–private partnership with the US government.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
The West Coast or Pacific Coast is the coastline along which the contiguous Western United States meets the North Pacific Ocean.
Zenit (Зеніт, Зени́т; meaning Zenith) is a family of space launch vehicles designed by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau in Dnipro, Ukraine, which was then part of the Soviet Union.