341 relations: Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma, Aerial refueling, AGM-45 Shrike, AIM-9 Sidewinder, Air superiority fighter, Air-to-air missile, Air-to-surface missile, Airborne early warning and control, Ajax Bay, Aldo Rico, Alexander Haig, Amateur radio, Amphibious Commandos Group, Amphibious transport dock, Amphibious warfare, Anthony Parsons, Anti-aircraft warfare, Anti-radiation missile, Anti-ship missile, Anti-surface warfare, ARA General Belgrano, ARA Santa Fe (S-21), Argentina, Argentina Marines, Argentina–United Kingdom relations, Argentine Air Force, Argentine Air Force Mobile Field Hospital, Argentine air forces in the Falklands War, Argentine Army, Argentine general election, 1983, Argentine Military Cemetery, Argentine National Gendarmerie, Argentine Naval Prefecture, Argentine Navy, Arms industry, Arresting gear, Ascension Island, Atlantic Ocean, Attack aircraft, Avro Vulcan, Basilio Lami Dozo, Battle of Mount Harriet, Battle of Mount Longdon, Battle of Mount Tumbledown, Battle of Two Sisters, Battle of Wireless Ridge, BBC, BBC News, BBC World Service, Beagle conflict, ..., Beechcraft T-34 Mentor, Blowpipe (missile), Blue Beach Military Cemetery at San Carlos, Bluff Cove, Bluff Cove Air Attacks, Body bag, Boeing 707, Boeing Chinook (UK variants), Brazil, Brigadier, British Aerospace Sea Harrier, British Overseas Territories, Censorship, Charles Moore (journalist), Chile, Chilean Air Force, Civil disorder, Clarín (Argentine newspaper), Close air support, Close-in weapon system, Cold War, Combat air patrol, Combat engineer, Commando, Commonwealth of Nations, Comodoro Rivadavia, Conscription, Conservative Party (UK), Constitution of Argentina, Constitution of the Falkland Islands, Corbeta Uruguay base, Counter-insurgency aircraft, Crown colony, Cultural impact of the Falklands War, Daily Mirror, Darwin, Falkland Islands, Dassault Mirage, Dassault Mirage III, Dassault-Breguet Super Étendard, David Craig, Baron Craig of Radley, Death threat, Declaration of war, Defense Satellite Communications System, Depth charge, Destroyer, Deutschlandfunk, Dirty War, Dissimilar air combat training, Distinguished Flying Cross (United Kingdom), Diversionary foreign policy, Douglas A-4 Skyhawk, Drop tank, East Falkland, English Electric Canberra, Ernesto Horacio Crespo, Ernesto Sabato, Escuadrón Fénix, European Economic Community, Ewen Southby-Tailyour, Exocet, Falkland Islanders, Falkland Islands, Falkland Islands Dependencies, Falkland Islands sovereignty dispute, Falkland Islands status referendum, 1986, Falkland Sound, Fax, Fighter aircraft, FIM-92 Stinger, Fitzroy, Falkland Islands, Flag of Argentina, Fleet Street, FMA IA 58 Pucará, FN MAG, Forgotten Voices of the Falklands, Fortuna Glacier, Friendly fire, Frigate, Fuze, General-purpose machine gun, Gibraltar, Goose Green, Government House, Falkland Islands, Governor of the Falkland Islands, H. Jones, Handley Page Victor, HarperCollins, Hawker Siddeley Harrier, Helicopter, Henry Leach, History of Libya under Muammar Gaddafi, History of the Falkland Islands, Horizon (UK TV series), House of Commons of the United Kingdom, IAI Nesher, Ian McKay, Inmarsat, International Committee of the Red Cross, Invasion of South Georgia, Israel Aerospace Industries, Javier Pérez de Cuéllar, Jeremy Moore, Jingoism, John Fieldhouse, Baron Fieldhouse, John Nott, Jorge Anaya, Jorge Luis Borges, Jorge Rafael Videla, Juan Lombardo, Julian Thompson (Royal Marines officer), Kelpers, King Edward Point, L16 81mm mortar, La Nación, La Prensa (Buenos Aires), Landing craft, Landing Craft Utility, Landing Ship Logistics, Laurie Margolis, Lawrence Freedman, Leander-class frigate, Learjet 35, Leopoldo Galtieri, Lieutenant colonel (United Kingdom), Lieutenant commander, Light cruiser, List of hospitals and hospital ships of the Royal Navy, Loaded march, Lockheed C-130 Hercules, Lockheed P-2 Neptune, Madrid, Margaret Thatcher, Mario Menéndez, Marshal of the Royal Air Force, Materiel, McDonnell Douglas DC-10, McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II, Merchant Navy (United Kingdom), Mexeflote, Military dictatorship, Military exercise, Miller Center of Public Affairs, Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom), Montevideo, Montoneros, Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo, Mountain Leader Training Cadre, Muammar Gaddafi, MV Norland, National Reorganization Process, Naval trawler, Non-Aligned Movement, Non-commissioned officer, Norland, North–South divide, Northwood Headquarters, Nuclear submarine, Occupation of the Falkland Islands, Oerlikon GDF, Office of Public Sector Information, Operation Algeciras, Operation Mikado, Operation Paraquet, Operation Soberanía, Operation Sutton, Ottawa Treaty, Pangbourne College, Perfil, Peru, Picket (military), Pincer movement, Pintle, Plaza San Martín (Buenos Aires), Port San Carlos, Portsmouth, Prince Andrew, Duke of York, Prisoner of war, Puerto Deseado, Punta Arenas, Queen Elizabeth 2, RAF Ascension Island, RAF Wroughton, Raid on Pebble Island, Random House, Rapier (missile), Río de la Plata, Río Grande, Tierra del Fuego, Realpolitik, Reassertion of British sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (1833), Recife, Reconnaissance, Rex Hunt (governor), RFA Fort Austin (A386), RFA Sir Galahad (1966), RFA Sir Tristram (L3505), RFA Stromness (A344), Robert Muldoon, Roberto Eduardo Viola, Roland (missile), Roll-on/roll-off, Ronald Reagan, Rosario, Santa Fe, Round Table-class landing ship logistics, Royal Air Force, Royal Artillery, Royal Corps of Signals, Royal Engineers, Royal Fleet Auxiliary, Royal Marines, Royal Navy, San Carlos Water, San Carlos, Falkland Islands, Sandy Woodward, Scots Guards, SDP–Liberal Alliance, Sea Skua, Seacat (missile), Self-determination, Simon Weston, Skirmish at Top Malo House, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, South Georgia Island, Southampton, Southern Thule, Sovereignty, Soviet Union, Special Air Service, Special Boat Service, SS Atlantic Conveyor, SS Uganda (1952), SS.12/AS.12, St Paul's Cathedral, Stanley Harbour, Stanley, Falkland Islands, Status quo ante bellum, Stealth ship, Strafing, Suicide, Surface-to-air missile, Swindon, Task force, Teal Inlet, Telegraphy, Telex, Terence Lewin, The Guardian, The Sun (United Kingdom), Tony Wilson (British Army officer), Torpedo, Toss bombing, Total Exclusion Zone, Trainer aircraft, Type 209 submarine, Type 42 destroyer, Unexploded ordnance, Unguided bomb, Union Jack, United Kingdom, United Kingdom general election, 1983, United Nations Security Council, United Nations Security Council Resolution 502, United States Army Combined Arms Center, United States Congress, United States Navy, Ushuaia, Varig, Vickers VC10, Victoria Cross, Vietnam War, Welsh Guards, Westland Lynx, Westland Scout, Westland Sea King, Westland Wasp, Westland Wessex, White Ensign, World War II, Yomp, 1982 invasion of the Falkland Islands, 1982 Liberation Memorial, 2da Escuadrilla Aeronaval de Caza y Ataque, 2nd Battalion, Parachute Regiment, 3 Commando Brigade, 3rd Battalion, Parachute Regiment, 40 Commando, 42 Commando, 45 Commando, 5th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 601 Assault Helicopter Battalion, 7th Duke of Edinburgh's Own Gurkha Rifles, 9K32 Strela-2. 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The Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma is a four-bladed, twin-engined medium transport/utility helicopter.
Aerial refueling, also referred to as air refueling, in-flight refueling (IFR), air-to-air refueling (AAR), and tanking, is the process of transferring aviation fuel from one military aircraft (the tanker) to another (the receiver) during flight.
AGM-45 Shrike is an American anti-radiation missile designed to home in on hostile anti-aircraft radar.
The AIM-9 Sidewinder is a short-range air-to-air missile developed by the United States Navy at China Lake, California, in the 1950s, and subsequently adopted by the United States Air Force.
An air superiority fighter, also spelled air-superiority fighter, is a type of fighter aircraft designed for entering and seizing control of enemy airspace as a means of establishing complete dominance over the enemy's air force (air supremacy).
Python family of AAM for comparisons, Python-5 (displayed lower-front) and Shafrir-1 (upper-back) An air-to-air missile (AAM) is a missile fired from an aircraft for the purpose of destroying another aircraft.
An air-to-surface missile (ASM) or air-to-ground missile (AGM or ATGM) is a missile designed to be launched from military aircraft at targets on land or sea.
An airborne early warning and control (AEW&C) system is an airborne radar picket system designed to detect aircraft, ships and vehicles at long ranges and perform command and control of the battlespace in an air engagement by directing fighter and attack aircraft strikes.
Ajax Bay is a settlement on East Falkland, in the Falkland Islands, It is on the north west coast, on the shore of San Carlos Water, a few miles from Port San Carlos.
Aldo Rico (born 4 March 1943) is an Argentine retired Lieutenant Colonel and politician, famous for his role in the episodes of 1987 (usually referred to as "Semana Santa", or Easter week) and 1988 (the "Monte Caseros" mutiny) where sectors of the Armed Forces, known as carapintadas ("painted faces", due to their usage of camouflage painting), revolted to protest the policies of President Raúl Alfonsín.
Alexander Meigs "Al" Haig Jr. (December 2, 1924February 20, 2010) was the United States secretary of state under President Ronald Reagan and the White House chief of staff under presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford.
Amateur radio, also known as ham radio, describes the use of radio frequency spectrum for purposes of non-commercial exchange of messages, wireless experimentation, self-training, private recreation, radiosport, contesting, and emergency communication.
The Amphibious Commandos Group (Agrupación de Comandos Anfibios, APCA) is a special operations force of the Argentine Marine Corps.
An amphibious transport dock, also called a landing platform/dock (LPD), is an amphibious warfare ship, a warship that embarks, transports, and lands elements of a landing force for expeditionary warfare missions.
Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.
Sir Anthony Derrick Parsons (9 September 1922 – 12 August 1996) was a British diplomat, Ambassador to Iran at the time of the Iranian Revolution and Permanent Representative to the UN at the time of the Falklands War.
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
An anti-radiation missile (ARM) is a missile designed to detect and home in on an enemy radio emission source.
Anti-ship missiles are guided missiles that are designed for use against ships and large boats.
Anti-surface warfare (ASuW or ASUW) is the branch of naval warfare concerned with the suppression of surface combatants.
ARA General Belgrano was an Argentine Navy light cruiser in service from 1951 until 1982.
ARA Santa Fe was an Argentine which was lost during the Falklands War.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
The Naval Infantry Command (Spanish: Comando de la Infantería de Marina, abbreviated COIM), also known as the Naval Infantry of the Navy of the Argentine Republic (Spanish: Infantería de Marina de la Armada de la República Argentina, abbreviated IMARA) and generally referred to in English as the Argentine marines are the amphibious warfare branch of the Argentine Navy and one of its four operational commands.
Argentine–United Kingdom relations refers to foreign relations between Argentina and the United Kingdom.
The Argentine Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Argentina, or simply FAA) is the national aviation branch of the Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic.
The Argentine Air Force Mobile Field Hospital (Hospital Reubicable de la Fuerza Aérea) is a field hospital operated by the Argentine Air Force.
This article describes the composition and actions of the Argentine air forces in the Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas), which comprised units of the Air Force, Army, Navy and other services.
The Argentine Army (Ejército Argentino, EA) is the land armed force branch of the Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic and the senior military service of the country.
The Argentine general election of 1983 was held on 30 October and marked the return of constitutional rule following the self-styled National Reorganization Process dictatorship installed in 1976.
The Argentine Military Cemetery, Cementerio de Darwin (Darwin Cemetery), is a military cemetery on East Falkland that holds the remains of 237 Argentine combatants killed during the 1982 Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas).
The Argentine National Gendarmerie (Gendarmería Nacional Argentina, GNA) is the gendarmerie and corps of border guards of Argentina.
The Argentine Naval Prefecture (Prefectura Naval Argentina or PNA) is a service of the Argentine Security Ministry charged with protecting the country's rivers and maritime territory.
The Navy of the Argentine Republic or Argentine Navy (Armada de la República Argentina — ARA, also Armada Argentina) is the navy of Argentina.
The arms industry, also known as the defense industry or the arms trade, is a global industry responsible for the manufacturing and sales of weapons and military technology.
An arresting gear, or arrestor gear, is a mechanical system used to rapidly decelerate an aircraft as it lands.
Ascension Island is an isolated volcanic island, 7°56' south of the Equator in the South Atlantic Ocean.
The Atlantic Ocean is the second largest of the world's oceans with a total area of about.
An attack aircraft, strike aircraft, or attack bomber, is a tactical military aircraft that has a primary role of carrying out airstrikes with greater precision than bombers, and is prepared to encounter strong low-level air defenses while pressing the attack.
The Avro Vulcan (later Hawker Siddeley Vulcan from July 1963) is a jet-powered tailless delta wing high-altitude strategic bomber, which was operated by the Royal Air Force (RAF) from 1956 until 1984.
Brigadier General Basilio Arturo Ignacio Lami Dozo (1 February 1929 – 1 February 2017) was a member of the Argentine Air Force.
The Battle of Mount Harriet was an engagement of the Falklands War, which took place on the night of 11/12 June 1982 between British and Argentine forces.
The Battle of Mount Longdon was an engagement of the Falklands War between British and Argentine forces, which took place on 11–12 June 1982, resulting in the British victory and their occupation of a key position around the besieged Argentine garrison.
The Battle of Mount Tumbledown was an engagement in the Falklands War, one of a series of battles that took place during the British advance towards Stanley.
The Battle of Two Sisters was an engagement of the Falklands War during the British advance towards the capital, Port Stanley; it took place from 11 to 12 June 1982.
The Battle of Wireless Ridge was an engagement of the Falklands War which took place on the night from 13 June to 14 June 1982, between British and Argentine forces during the advance towards the Argentine-occupied capital of the Falkland Islands, Port Stanley.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC News is an operational business division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) responsible for the gathering and broadcasting of news and current affairs.
The BBC World Service, the world's largest international broadcaster, broadcasts radio and television news, speech and discussions in over 30 languages to many parts of the world on analogue and digital shortwave platforms, Internet streaming, podcasting, satellite, DAB, FM and MW relays.
The Beagle conflict was a border dispute between Chile and Argentina over the possession of Picton, Lennox and Nueva islands and the scope of the maritime jurisdiction associated with those islands that brought the countries to the brink of war in 1978.
The Beechcraft T-34 Mentor is an American propeller-driven, single-engined, military trainer aircraft derived from the Beechcraft Model 35 Bonanza.
The Shorts Blowpipe is a man-portable surface-to-air missile that was in use with the British Army and Royal Marines from 1975.
Blue Beach Military Cemetery at San Carlos is a British war cemetery in the Falkland Islands holding the remains of 13 of the 255 British casualties killed during the Falklands War in 1982, and one other killed in early 1984.
Bluff Cove (Bahia Agradable or Hoya Fitzroy) is a sea inlet and settlement on East Falkland, in the Falkland Islands, on its east coast.
The Bluff Cove Air Attacks occurred 8 June 1982, during the Falklands War.
A body bag, also known as a cadaver pouch or human remains pouch (HRP), is a non-porous bag designed to contain a human body, used for the storage and transportation of corpses.
The Boeing 707 is a mid-sized, long-range, narrow-body, four-engine jet airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes from 1958 to 1979.
The Boeing Chinook is a large, tandem rotor helicopter operated by the Royal Air Force (RAF).
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Brigadier is a military rank, the seniority of which depends on the country.
The British Aerospace Sea Harrier is a naval short take-off and vertical landing/vertical take-off and landing jet fighter, reconnaissance and attack aircraft; the second member of the Harrier Jump Jet family developed.
The British Overseas Territories (BOT) or United Kingdom Overseas Territories (UKOTs) are 14 territories under the jurisdiction and sovereignty of the United Kingdom.
Censorship is the suppression of speech, public communication, or other information, on the basis that such material is considered objectionable, harmful, sensitive, or "inconvenient" as determined by government authorities.
Charles Hilary Moore (born 31 October 1956) is an English journalist and a former editor of The Daily Telegraph, The Sunday Telegraph and The Spectator.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The Chilean Air Force (Fuerza Aérea de Chile, FACh) is the air force of Chile, a branch of the Chilean military.
Civil disorder, also known as civil disturbance or civil unrest, is an activity arising from a mass act of civil disobedience (such as a demonstration, riot, or strike) in which the participants become hostile toward authority, and authorities incur difficulties in maintaining public safety and order, over the disorderly crowd.
Clarín (meaning "Bugle") is the largest newspaper in Argentina, published by the Grupo Clarín media group.
In military tactics, close air support (CAS) is defined as air action such as air strikes by fixed or rotary-winged aircraft against hostile targets that are in close proximity to friendly forces and which requires detailed integration of each air mission with fire and movement of these forces and attacks with aerial bombs, glide bombs, missiles, rockets, aircraft cannons, machine guns, and even directed-energy weapons such as lasers.
A close-in weapon system (CIWS), is a point-defense weapon system for detecting and destroying short-range incoming missiles and enemy aircraft which have penetrated the outer defenses, typically mounted shipboard in a naval capacity.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Combat air patrol (CAP) is a type of flying mission for fighter aircraft.
A combat engineer (also called field engineer, pioneer or sapper in many armies) is a soldier who performs a variety of construction and demolition tasks under combat conditions.
A commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
Comodoro Rivadavia is a city in the Patagonian province of Chubut in southern Argentina, located on the San Jorge Gulf, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, at the foot of the Chenque Hill.
Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.
The Conservative Party, officially the Conservative and Unionist Party, is a centre-right political party in the United Kingdom.
The Constitution of Argentina is the basic governing document of Argentina, and the primary source of existing law in Argentina.
The Falkland Islands Constitution is a predominantly codified constitution documented primarily within the Falkland Islands Constitution Order 2008, a statutory instrument of the United Kingdom.
Corbeta Uruguay base was an Argentine military outpost established in November 1976 on Thule Island, Southern Thule, in the South Sandwich Islands.
Counter-insurgency aircraft or COIN aircraft are a specialized variety of military light attack aircraft, designed for counter-insurgency operations, armed reconnaissance, air escort of ground forces, and ground support against "low-intensity engagements"; usually irregular groups of insurgents armed with artillery and/or portable rockets.
Crown colony, dependent territory and royal colony are terms used to describe the administration of United Kingdom overseas territories that are controlled by the British Government.
The cultural impact of the Falklands War spanned several media in both Britain and Argentina.
The Daily Mirror is a British national daily tabloid newspaper founded in 1903.
Darwin is a settlement in Lafonia on East Falkland, Falkland Islands, lying on Choiseul Sound, on the east side of the island's central isthmus, north of Goose Green.
Mirage is a name given to several types of jet aircraft designed by the French company Dassault Aviation (formerly Avions Marcel Dassault), some of which were produced in different variants.
The Dassault Mirage III is a family of single-seat, single-engine, fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by French aircraft company Dassault Aviation.
The Dassault-Breguet Super Étendard (Étendard is French for "battle flag", cognate to English "standard") is a French carrier-borne strike fighter aircraft designed by Dassault-Breguet for service with the French Navy.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force David Brownrigg Craig, Baron Craig of Radley, (born 17 September 1929) is a retired Royal Air Force officer and member of the House of Lords.
A death threat is a threat, often made anonymously, by one person or a group of people to kill another person or group of people.
A declaration of war is a formal act by which one state goes to war against another.
The Defense Satellite Communications System (DSCS) provides the United States with military communications to support globally distributed military users.
A depth charge is an anti-submarine warfare weapon.
In naval terminology, a destroyer is a fast, maneuverable long-endurance warship intended to escort larger vessels in a fleet, convoy or battle group and defend them against smaller powerful short-range attackers.
Deutschlandfunk (DLF) is a German public broadcasting radio station, broadcasting national news and current affairs.
The "Dirty War" (guerra sucia) is the name used for the period of state terrorism committed by Argentina's military junta from 1974 to 1983, during which military and security forces and right-wing death squads in the form of the Argentine Anticommunist Alliance (Triple A) hunted down any political dissidents and anyone believed to be associated with socialism, left-wing Peronism or the Montoneros movement.
Dissimilar air combat training (DACT) was introduced as a formal part of US air combat training after disappointing aerial combat exchange rates in the Vietnam War.
The Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to personnel of the United Kingdom's Royal Air Force and other services, and formerly to officers of other Commonwealth countries, instituted for "an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying in active operations against the enemy".
A diversionary foreign policy, or a diversionary war, is an international relations term that identifies a war instigated by a country's leader in order to distract its population from their own domestic strife.
The Douglas A-4 Skyhawk is a single seat subsonic carrier-capable attack aircraft developed for the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps in the early 1950s.
In aviation, a drop tank (external tank, wing tank, or belly tank) is used to describe auxiliary fuel tanks externally carried by aircraft.
East Falkland (Isla Soledad) is the largest island of the Falklands in the South Atlantic having an area of or 54% of the total area of the Falklands.
The English Electric Canberra is a British first-generation jet-powered medium bomber that was manufactured during the 1950s.
Ernesto Horacio Crespo is an Argentine retired Brigadier General(Lieutenant General) and former Chief of Staff of the Argentine Air Force.
Ernesto Sabato (June 24, 1911 – April 30, 2011) was an Argentine writer, painter and physicist.
The Phoenix Squadron (Escuadrón Fénix) was a special unit of the Argentine Air Force formed during the 1982 Falklands War.
The European Economic Community (EEC) was a regional organisation which aimed to bring about economic integration among its member states.
Lieutenant-Colonel Ewen Southby-Tailyour OBE is an author, sailor, and retired Royal Marine.
The Exocet (French for "flying fish" The missile's name was given by M. Guillot, then technical director at Nord Aviation, after the French name for flying fish.) is a French-built anti-ship missile whose various versions can be launched from surface vessels, submarines, helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft.
Falkland Islanders, also called FalklandersChater, Tony.
The Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) is an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf.
Falkland Islands Dependencies was the constitutional arrangement for administering the British territories in Sub-Antarctica and Antarctica from 1843 until 1985.
Sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) is disputed by Argentina and the United Kingdom.
An unofficial status referendum was held in the Falkland Islands on 2 April 1986.
The Falkland Sound (Estrecho de San Carlos) is a sea strait in the Falkland Islands.
Fax (short for facsimile), sometimes called telecopying or telefax (the latter short for telefacsimile), is the telephonic transmission of scanned printed material (both text and images), normally to a telephone number connected to a printer or other output device.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
The FIM-92 Stinger is a Man-Portable Air-Defense System (MANPADS) that operates as an infrared homing surface-to-air missile (SAM).
Fitzroy is a settlement on East Falkland.
The flag of Argentina is a triband, composed of three equally wide horizontal bands coloured Carolina blue and white.
Fleet Street is a major street in the City of London.
The FMA IA 58 Pucará (Fortress) is an Argentine ground-attack and counter-insurgency (COIN) aircraft manufactured by the Fábrica Militar de Aviones.
The FN MAG is a Belgian 7.62 mm general-purpose machine gun, designed in the early 1950s at Fabrique Nationale (FN) by Ernest Vervier.
Forgotten Voices of the Falklands uses the resources of the Imperial War Museum’s Sound Archive to present the first complete oral history of the Falklands War.
Fortuna Glacier is a tidewater glacier at the mouth of Cumberland Bay on the island of South Georgia.
Friendly fire is an attack by a military force on non-enemy, own, allied or neutral, forces while attempting to attack the enemy, either by misidentifying the target as hostile, or due to errors or inaccuracy.
A frigate is any of several types of warship, the term having been used for ships of various sizes and roles over the last few centuries.
In military munitions, a fuze (sometimes fuse) is the part of the device that initiates function.
A general-purpose machine gun (GPMG) is an air-cooled, fully automatic weapon that can be adapted to light machine gun and medium machine gun roles.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory located at the southern tip of the Iberian Peninsula.
Goose Green is a settlement in Lafonia on East Falkland in the Falkland Islands.
Government House in Stanley has been the home of the Falkland Islands' London-appointed Governors since the mid-19th century.
The Governor of the Falkland Islands is the representative of the British Crown in the Falkland Islands, acting "in Her Majesty's name and on Her Majesty's behalf" as the islands' de facto head of state in the absence of the British monarch.
Lieutenant Colonel Herbert Jones, (14 May 1940 – 28 May 1982), known as H. Jones, was a British Army officer and posthumous recipient of the Victoria Cross (VC).
The Handley Page Victor was a British jet-powered strategic bomber, developed and produced by the Handley Page Aircraft Company, which served during the Cold War.
HarperCollins Publishers L.L.C. is one of the world's largest publishing companies and is one of the Big Five English-language publishing companies, alongside Hachette, Macmillan, Penguin Random House, and Simon & Schuster.
The Hawker Siddeley Harrier, developed in the 1960s, was the first of the Harrier Jump Jet series of aircraft.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
Admiral of the Fleet Sir Henry Conyers Leach, (18 November 1923 – 26 April 2011) was a Royal Navy officer who, as First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff during the early 1980s, was instrumental in convincing British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher that retaking the Falkland Islands from Argentina was feasible.
Muammar Gaddafi became the de facto leader of Libya on 1 September 1969 after leading a group of young Libyan military officers against King Idris I in a bloodless coup d'état.
The history of the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) goes back at least five hundred years, with active exploration and colonisation only taking place in the 18th century.
Horizon is an ongoing and long-running British documentary television series on BBC that covers science and philosophy.
The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The Israel Aircraft Industries Nesher (Hebrew: נשר, "Vulture" – often mistranslated as "Eagle") was the Israeli version of the French Dassault Mirage 5 multirole fighter.
Ian John McKay, VC (7 May 1953 – 12 June 1982) was a British Army soldier and a posthumous recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Inmarsat plc is a British satellite telecommunications company, offering global mobile services.
The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is a humanitarian institution based in Geneva, Switzerland, and a three-time Nobel Prize Laureate.
The invasion of South Georgia (Spanish: Operación Georgias), also known as the Battle of Grytviken, took place on 3 April 1982, when Argentine naval forces seized control of the east coast of South Georgia after overpowering a small group of Royal Marines at Grytviken.
Israel Aerospace Industries (Hebrew: התעשייה האווירית לישראל ha-ta'asiya ha-avirit le-yisra'el) or IAI (תע"א) is Israel's prime aerospace and aviation manufacturer, producing aerial and astronautic systems for both military and civilian usage.
Javier Felipe Ricardo Pérez de Cuéllar de la Guerra KCMG (born January 19, 1920) is a Peruvian diplomat who served as the fifth Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1, 1982 to December 31, 1991.
Major General Sir John Jeremy Moore & Bar (5 July 1928 – 15 September 2007) was an English senior Royal Marine officer who served as the commander of the British land forces during the Falklands War in 1982.
Jingoism is nationalism in the form of aggressive foreign policy, such as a country's advocacy for the use of threats or actual force, as opposed to peaceful relations, in efforts to safeguard what it perceives as its national interests.
Admiral of the Fleet John David Elliott Fieldhouse, Baron Fieldhouse, (12 February 1928 – 17 February 1992) was a Royal Navy officer.
Sir John William Frederic Nott (born 1 February 1932) is a former British Conservative Party politician prominent in the late 1970s and early 1980s.
Admiral Jorge Isaac Anaya (27 September 1926 – 9 January 2008) was a former Commander-in-Chief of the Argentine Navy.
Jorge Francisco Isidoro Luis Borges Acevedo (24 August 1899 – 14 June 1986) was an Argentine short-story writer, essayist, poet and translator, and a key figure in Spanish-language literature.
Jorge Rafael Videla (2 August 1925 – 17 May 2013) was a senior commander in the Argentine Army and dictator of Argentina from 1976 to 1981.
Juan José Lombardo, born 19 March 1927 in Salto, Buenos Aires province, is a retired Argentine Vice Admiral imprisoned for crimes against humanity.
Major General Julian Howard Atherden Thompson, (born 7 October 1934) is a military historian and former Royal Marines officer who commanded 3 Commando Brigade during the Falklands War.
Kelpers is a nickname given to Falkland Islanders because the islands are surrounded by large seaweeds called kelp.
King Edward Point (also known as KEP) is the capital of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, on the northeastern coast of the island of South Georgia.
The United Kingdom's L16 81mm mortar is the standard mortar used by the British armed forces.
La Nación (The Nation) is an Argentine daily newspaper.
La Prensa is an Argentine daily newspaper.
Landing craft are small and medium seagoing vessels such as boats, and barges, used to convey a landing force (infantry and vehicles) from the sea to the shore during an amphibious assault.
The Landing Craft Utility (LCU) is a type of boat used by amphibious forces to transport equipment and troops to the shore.
Landing Ship Logistics (LSL) is a term used by the United Kingdom armed forces to describe the Round Table class of landing ship used in the support of amphibious warfare missions.
Laurie Margolis (born 1950) is a BBC journalist and News Editor.
Sir Lawrence David Freedman, (born 7 December 1948) is Emeritus Professor of War Studies at King's College London.
The Leander-class, or Type 12M frigates,Purvis, M.K., 'Post War RN Frigate and Guided Missile Destroyer Design 1944-1969', Transactions, Royal Institution of Naval Architects (RINA), 1974 comprising twenty-six vessels, was among the most numerous and long-lived classes of frigate in the Royal Navy's modern history.
The Learjet Model 35 and Model 36 are a series of American multi-role business jets and military transport aircraft manufactured by Learjet.
Leopoldo Fortunato Galtieri Castelli (15 July 1926 12 January 2003) was an Argentine general and President of Argentina from 22 December 1981 to 18 June 1982, during the last military dictatorship (known officially as the National Reorganization Process).
Lieutenant colonel (Lt Col), is a rank in the British Army and Royal Marines which is also used in many Commonwealth countries.
Lieutenant commander (also hyphenated lieutenant-commander and abbreviated LCdr, LCdr. or LCDR) is a commissioned officer rank in many navies.
A light cruiser is a type of small- or medium-sized warship.
HMHS is an acronym for His/Her Majesty's Hospital Ship.
A loaded march is a relatively fast march over distance carrying a load.
The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin).
The Lockheed P-2 Neptune (designated P2V by the United States Navy prior to September 1962) was a maritime patrol and anti-submarine warfare (ASW) aircraft.
Madrid is the capital of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, (13 October 19258 April 2013) was a British stateswoman who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990.
Mario Benjamin Menéndez (3 April 1930 – 18 September 2015) was the Argentine governor of the Falklands during the 1982 Argentine occupation of the islands.
Marshal of the Royal Air Force (MRAF) is the highest rank in the British Royal Air Force (RAF).
Materiel, more commonly matériel in US English and also listed as the only spelling in some UK dictionaries (both pronounced, from French matériel meaning equipment or hardware), refers to military technology and supplies in military and commercial supply chain management.
The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is a three-engine wide-body jet airliner manufactured by McDonnell Douglas.
The McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II is a tandem two-seat, twin-engine, all-weather, long-range supersonic jet interceptor and fighter-bomber originally developed for the United States Navy by McDonnell Aircraft.
The Merchant Navy is the maritime register of the United Kingdom, and comprises the seagoing commercial interests of UK-registered ships and their crews.
The Mexeflote is a landing raft used by the British Royal Logistic Corps and the Royal Australian Navy to move goods and vehicles between ship and shore.
A military dictatorship (also known as a military junta) is a form of government where in a military force exerts complete or substantial control over political authority.
A military exercise or war game is the employment of military resources in training for military operations, either exploring the effects of warfare or testing strategies without actual combat.
The Miller Center is a nonpartisan affiliate of the University of Virginia that specializes in United States presidential scholarship, public policy, and political history and strives to apply the lessons of history to the nation’s most pressing contemporary governance challenges.
The Ministry of Defence (MoD or MOD) is the British government department responsible for implementing the defence policy set by Her Majesty's Government and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces.
Montevideo is the capital and largest city of Uruguay.
Montoneros (Movimiento Peronista Montonero-MPM) was an Argentine leftist urban guerrilla group, active during the 1960s and 1970s.
The Mothers of the Plaza de Mayo (Asociación Madres de Plaza de Mayo) is an association of Argentine mothers whose children "disappeared" during the state terrorism of the military dictatorship, between 1976 and 1983.
The Mountain Leader Training Cadre is a training element of the British Royal Marines which provides instruction in mountain warfare, arctic warfare, cold weather survival and operations, and cliff assault.
Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar Gaddafi (20 October 2011), commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary, politician and political theorist.
The Norland was a P&O roll-on/roll-off ferry operating between Kingston upon Hull in Yorkshire, UK, and Rotterdam Europoort, Netherlands, and then Zeebrugge, Belgium.
The National Reorganization Process (Proceso de Reorganización Nacional, often simply el Proceso, "the Process") was the name used by its leaders for the military dictatorship that ruled Argentina from 1976 to 1983.
A naval trawler is a vessel built along the lines of a fishing trawler but fitted out for naval purposes.
The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states that are not formally aligned with or against any major power bloc.
A non-commissioned officer (NCO) is a military officer who has not earned a commission.
Norland can refer to any of the following.
The North–South divide is broadly considered a socio-economic and political divide.
Northwood Headquarters is a military headquarters facility of the British Armed Forces in Eastbury, Hertfordshire, England, adjacent to the London suburb of Northwood.
A nuclear submarine is a submarine powered by a nuclear reactor.
The occupation of the Falkland Islands and of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (Gobernación Militar de las Islas Malvinas, Georgias del Sur y Sandwich del Sur "Military Administration of the Malvinas, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands") was the short-lived Argentine administration of a group of islands in the South Atlantic whose sovereignty has long been disputed.
The Oerlikon GDF or Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon is a towed anti-aircraft gun made by Oerlikon Contraves (renamed as Rheinmetall Air Defence AG following the merger with Rheinmetall in 2009).
The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
Operation Algeciras was a foiled Argentine plan to sabotage a Royal Navy warship in Gibraltar during the Falklands War.
Operation Mikado was the code name of a military plan by the United Kingdom to use Special Air Service troops to attack the home base of Argentina's five Etendard strike fighters at Río Grande, Tierra del Fuego during the 1982 Falklands War.
Operation Paraquet was the code name for the British military operation to recapture the island of South Georgia from Argentine military control in April 1982 at the start of the Falklands War.
Operación Soberanía (Operation Sovereignty) was a planned Argentine military invasion of Chile started on 22 December 1978 due to the Beagle conflict dispute.
During the 1982 Falklands War, Operation Sutton was the code name for the British landings on the shores of San Carlos Water, at Ajax Bay and Port San Carlos, near the San Carlos on East Falkland.
The Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on their Destruction, known informally as the Ottawa Treaty, the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention, or often simply the Mine Ban Treaty, aims at eliminating anti-personnel landmines (AP-mines) around the world.
Pangbourne College is a co-educational independent day and boarding school located in the civil parish of Pangbourne, in the English county of Berkshire.
Perfil is an Argentine tabloid newspaper based in Buenos Aires.
Peru (Perú; Piruw Republika; Piruw Suyu), officially the Republic of Peru, is a country in western South America.
A picket (archaically, picquet) is a soldier, or small unit of soldiers, placed on a line forward of a position to provide warning of an enemy advance.
The pincer movement, or double envelopment, is a military maneuver in which forces simultaneously attack both flanks (sides) of an enemy formation.
A pintle is a pin or bolt, usually inserted into a gudgeon, which is used as part of a pivot or hinge.
Plaza San Martín (English: San Martín Square) is a park located in the Retiro neighbourhood of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Port San Carlos is located on the northern bank of the inlet known as Port San Carlos, off San Carlos Water on the Western coast of East Falkland, in the Falkland Islands.
Portsmouth is a port city in Hampshire, England, mainly on Portsea Island, south-west of London and south-east of Southampton.
Prince Andrew, Duke of York, (Andrew Albert Christian Edward, born 19 February 1960) is a member of the British royal family.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
Puerto Deseado, originally called Port Desire, is a city of about 15,000 inhabitants and a fishing port in Patagonia in Santa Cruz Province of Argentina, on the estuary of the Deseado River.
Punta Arenas (historically Sandy Point in English) is the capital city of Chile's southernmost region, Magallanes and Antartica Chilena.
The Queen Elizabeth 2, often referred to simply as QE2, is a floating hotel and retired ocean liner built for the Cunard Line which was operated by Cunard as both a transatlantic liner and a cruise ship from 1969 to 2008.
RAF Ascension, also known as Wideawake Airfield or Ascension Island Auxiliary Field, is a military airfield and facility located on Ascension Island in the Atlantic Ocean, near the Equator.
RAF Wroughton was a Royal Air Force airfield near Wroughton, in Wiltshire, England, about south of Swindon.
The Raid on Pebble Island was a raid by British Special Forces on Pebble Island's airfield during the Falklands War, and took place on the night of 14–15 May 1982.
Random House is an American book publisher and the largest general-interest paperback publisher in the world.
Rapier is a surface-to-air missile developed for the British Army to replace their towed Bofors 40/L70 anti-aircraft guns.
The Río de la Plata ("river of silver") — rendered River Plate in British English and the Commonwealth and La Plata River (occasionally Plata River) in other English-speaking countries — is the estuary formed by the confluence of the Uruguay and the Paraná rivers.
Río Grande is a city in Argentina, on the north coast of the eastern part of the Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego.
Realpolitik (from real; "realistic", "practical", or "actual"; and Politik; "politics") is politics or diplomacy based primarily on considerations of given circumstances and factors, rather than explicit ideological notions or moral and ethical premises.
In December 1832, two naval vessels were sent by the United Kingdom to re-assert British sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas), after the United Provinces of the River Plate (part of which later became Argentina) ignored British diplomatic protests over the appointment of Luis Vernet as governor of the Falkland Islands and a dispute over fishing rights.
Recife is the fourth-largest urban agglomeration in Brazil with 3,995,949 inhabitants, the largest urban agglomeration of the North/Northeast Regions, and the capital and largest city of the state of Pernambuco in the northeast corner of South America.
In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.
Sir Rex Masterman Hunt, (29 June 192611 November 2012) was a Royal Air Force pilot, British diplomat, and colonial administrator.
RFA Fort Austin is a British ''Fort Rosalie''-class dry stores ship of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary.
RFA Sir Galahad (L3005) was a Round Table class landing ship logistics (LSL) vessel belonging to the Royal Fleet Auxiliary of the United Kingdom.
RFA Sir Tristram (L3505) is a Landing Ship Logistics of the Round Table class.
RFA Stromness (A344) was a fleet stores ship which served the Royal Fleet Auxiliary until sold to the U.S. Navy's Military Sealift Command in 1983.
Sir Robert David Muldoon (25 September 19215 August 1992), also known as Rob Muldoon, was a New Zealand politician who served as the 31st Prime Minister of New Zealand from 1975 to 1984, as Leader of the National Party.
Roberto Eduardo Viola (October 13, 1924 – September 30, 1994) was an Argentine military officer who briefly served as president of Argentina from March 29 to December 11, 1981 as a military dictatorship.
The Roland is a Franco-German mobile short-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) system.
Roll-on/roll-off (RORO or ro-ro) ships are vessels designed to carry wheeled cargo, such as cars, trucks, semi-trailer trucks, trailers, and railroad cars, that are driven on and off the ship on their own wheels or using a platform vehicle, such as a self-propelled modular transporter.
Ronald Wilson Reagan (February 6, 1911 – June 5, 2004) was an American politician and actor who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989.
Rosario is the largest city in the province of Santa Fe, in central Argentina.
The Round Table class, also known as the Sir Lancelot class, was a British ship class designed for amphibious warfare missions in support of the main amphibious warfare ships.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.
The Royal Corps of Signals (often simply known as the Royal Signals - abbreviated to R SIGNALS) is one of the combat support arms of the British Army.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Fleet Auxiliary (RFA) is a civilian-manned fleet owned by the United Kingdom's Ministry of Defence, whose purpose is to support the Royal Navy to maintain operations around the world.
The Corps of Royal Marines (RM) is the amphibious light infantry of the Royal Navy.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
San Carlos Water is a bay/fjord on the west coast of East Falkland, facing onto the Falkland Sound.
San Carlos is a settlement in northwestern East Falkland, lying south of Port San Carlos on San Carlos Water.
Admiral Sir John Forster "Sandy" Woodward (1 May 1932 – 4 August 2013) was a British admiral who commanded the British Naval Task Force in the South Atlantic during the Falklands War.
The Scots Guards (SG), part of the Guards Division, is one of the Foot Guards regiments of the British Army.
The SDP–Liberal Alliance was a centrist political and electoral alliance in the United Kingdom.
The Sea Skua is a British lightweight short-range air-to-surface missile (ASM) designed for use from helicopters against ships.
Seacat was a British short-range surface-to-air missile system intended to replace the ubiquitous Bofors 40 mm gun aboard warships of all sizes.
The right of people to self-determination is a cardinal principle in modern international law (commonly regarded as a jus cogens rule), binding, as such, on the United Nations as authoritative interpretation of the Charter's norms.
Simon Weston CBE (born 8 August 1961) is a veteran of the British Army who known for his charity work and recovery from severe burn injuries suffered during the Falklands War.
The Skirmish at Top Malo House was fought on 31 May 1982 during the Falklands War, between 1st Assault Section Argentine Special Forces from 602 Commando Company and a patrol formed from staff and trainees of the British Mountain and Arctic Warfare Cadre, a training detachment of the Royal Marines who were under the Control of 3 Commando Brigade for Operation Corporate.
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (SGSSI) is a British Overseas Territory in the southern Atlantic Ocean.
South Georgia is an island in the southern Atlantic Ocean that is part of the British Overseas territory of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.
Southern Thule is a collection of the three southernmost islands in the South Sandwich Islands: Bellingshausen, Cook, and Thule (Morrell).
Sovereignty is the full right and power of a governing body over itself, without any interference from outside sources or bodies.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Special Air Service (SAS) is a special forces unit of the British Army.
The Special Boat Service (SBS) is the special forces unit of the United Kingdom's Royal Navy.
Atlantic Conveyor was a British merchant navy ship, registered in Liverpool, that was requisitioned during the Falklands War.
SS Uganda was a British steamship that had a varied and notable career.
The SS.12 and AS.12 are two variants of the same missile: SS for surface-to-surface and AS for air-to-surface.
St Paul's Cathedral, London, is an Anglican cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and the mother church of the Diocese of London.
Stanley Harbour is a large inlet on the east coast of East Falkland island.
Stanley (also known as Port Stanley) is the capital of the Falkland Islands.
The term status quo ante bellum (often shortened to status quo ante) is a Latin phrase meaning "the state existing before the war".
A stealth ship is a ship which employs stealth technology construction techniques in an effort to ensure that it is harder to detect by one or more of radar, visual, sonar, and infrared methods.
Strafing is the military practice of attacking ground targets from low-flying aircraft using aircraft-mounted automatic weapons Less commonly, the term can be used—by extension—to describe high-speed firing runs by any land or naval craft (e.g. fast boats) using smaller-caliber weapons and targeting stationary or slow-moving targets.
Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one's own death.
A surface-to-air missile (SAM, pronunced), or ground-to-air missile (GTAM, pronounced), is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft or other missiles.
Swindon is a large town in Wiltshire, South West England, between Bristol, to the west, and Reading, the same distance east.
A task force (TF) is a unit or formation established to work on a single defined task or activity.
Teal Inlet, once named Evelyn Station, is a settlement on East Falkland, in the Falkland Islands, on the south shore of Salvador Water.
Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε têle, "at a distance" and γράφειν gráphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.
The telex network was a public switched network of teleprinters similar to a telephone network, for the purposes of sending text-based messages.
Admiral of the Fleet Terence Thornton Lewin, Baron Lewin, (19 November 1920 – 23 January 1999) was a Royal Navy officer.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Sun is a tabloid newspaper published in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland.
Sir Mathew John Anthony "Tony" Wilson, 6th Baronet of Eshton Hall, (born 2 October 1935) is a former British Army officer who commanded the 5th Infantry Brigade during the Falklands War.
A modern torpedo is a self-propelled weapon with an explosive warhead, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater towards a target, and designed to detonate either on contact with its target or in proximity to it.
Toss bombing (sometimes known as loft bombing, and by the U.S. Air Force as the Low Altitude Bombing System, LABS) is a method of bombing where the attacking aircraft pulls upward when releasing its bomb load, giving the bomb additional time of flight by starting its ballistic path with an upward vector.
The Total Exclusion Zone (TEZ) was an area declared by the United Kingdom on 30 April 1982 covering a circle of from the centre of the Falkland Islands.
A trainer is a class of aircraft designed specifically to facilitate flight training of pilots and aircrews.
The Type 209 is a class of diesel-electric attack submarine developed exclusively for export by Howaldtswerke-Deutsche Werft of Germany.
The Type 42 or Sheffield class, was a class of fourteen light guided missile destroyers that served in the Royal Navy.
Unexploded ordnance (UXO, sometimes abbreviated as UO), unexploded bombs (UXBs), or explosive remnants of war (ERW) are explosive weapons (bombs, shells, grenades, land mines, naval mines, cluster munition, etc.) that did not explode when they were employed and still pose a risk of detonation, sometimes many decades after they were used or discarded.
An unguided bomb, also known as a free-fall bomb, gravity bomb, dumb bomb, or iron bomb, is a conventional aircraft-delivered bomb that does not contain a guidance system and hence, simply follows a ballistic trajectory.
The Union Jack, or Union Flag, is the national flag of the United Kingdom.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The 1983 United Kingdom general election was held on Thursday 9 June 1983.
The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations, charged with the maintenance of international peace and security as well as accepting new members to the United Nations and approving any changes to its United Nations Charter.
United Nations Security Council Resolution 502 was a resolution adopted by the United Nations Security Council on 3 April 1982.
The U.S. Army Combined Arms Center (USACAC) is located at Fort Leavenworth and provides leadership and supervision for leader development and professional military and civilian education; institutional and collective training; functional training; training support; battle command; doctrine; lessons learned and specified areas the Commanding General, United States Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) designates in order to serve as a catalyst for change and to support developing relevant and ready expeditionary land formations with campaign qualities in support of the joint force commander.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
Ushuaia is the capital of Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur Province, Argentina.
VARIG (acronym for Viação Aérea RIo-Grandense) was the first airline founded in Brazil, in 1927.
The Vickers VC10 is a mid-sized, narrow-body long-range British jet airliner designed and built by Vickers-Armstrongs (Aircraft) Ltd and first flown at Brooklands, Surrey, in 1962.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
The Vietnam War (Chiến tranh Việt Nam), also known as the Second Indochina War, and in Vietnam as the Resistance War Against America (Kháng chiến chống Mỹ) or simply the American War, was a conflict that occurred in Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia from 1 November 1955 to the fall of Saigon on 30 April 1975.
The Welsh Guards (WG; Gwarchodlu Cymreig), part of the Guards Division, is one of the Foot Guards regiments of the British Army.
The Westland Lynx is a British multi-purpose military helicopter designed and built by Westland Helicopters at its factory in Yeovil.
The Westland Scout was a light helicopter developed by Westland Helicopters.
The Westland WS-61 Sea King is a British licence-built version of the American Sikorsky S-61 helicopter of the same name, built by Westland Helicopters.
The Westland Wasp was a small 1960s British turbine powered, shipboard anti-submarine helicopter.
The Westland Wessex was a British-built turbine-powered development of the Sikorsky H-34.
The White Ensign, at one time called the St George's Ensign due to the simultaneous existence of a cross-less version of the flag, is an ensign flown on British Royal Navy ships and shore establishments.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Yomp is Royal Marines slang describing a long-distance march carrying full kit.
On 2 April 1982, Argentine forces launched the invasion of the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas), beginning the Falklands War.
The 1982 Liberation Memorial is a war memorial in Stanley, Falkland Islands.
The 2da Escuadrilla Aeronaval de Caza y Ataque (EA32) (Second Naval Fighter/Strike squadron) is the main strike unit of the Argentine Naval Aviation, the air branch of the Argentine Navy.
The Second Battalion, Parachute Regiment (2 PARA), is a battalion-sized formation of the Parachute Regiment, part of the British Army, and subordinate unit within 16th Air Assault Brigade whose Commanding Officer for the period 2013-2016 was Lieutenant Colonel Oliver Kingsbury OBE.
3 Commando Brigade is a commando formation of the British Armed Forces and the main manoeuvre formation of the Royal Marines.
The 3rd Battalion, Parachute Regiment (3 PARA), is a battalion sized formation of the British Army's Parachute Regiment and is a subordinate unit within 16 Air Assault Brigade.
40 Commando RM is a battalion-sized formation of the British Royal Marines and subordinate unit within 3 Commando Brigade, the principal Commando formation, under the Operational Command of Commander in Chief Fleet.
42 Commando (read and said as Four-Two Commando) is a subordinate unit within the Royal Marines 3 Commando Brigade, the principal Commando formation, under the Operational Command of Fleet Commander.
45 Commando Royal Marines (pronounced "four-five commando") is a battalion sized unit of the British Royal Marines and subordinate unit within 3 Commando Brigade Royal Marines, the principal Commando formation, under the Operational Command of Commander in Chief Fleet.
The 5th Infantry Brigade was a regular infantry brigade of the British Army that was in existence since before the First World War, except for a short break in the late 1970s, until amalgamating with 24th Airmobile Brigade, in 1999, to form 16 Air Assault Brigade.
The 601 Assault Helicopter Battalion (Spanish: Batallón de Helicópteros de Asalto 601) is a helicopter unit of the Argentine Army.
The 7th Gurkha Rifles was a rifle regiment of the British Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin, before being transferred to the British Army, following India's independence in 1947 and after 1959 designated as the 7th Duke of Edinburgh's Own Gurkha Rifles.
The 9K32 Strela-2 (Cтрела, "arrow"; NATO reporting name SA-7 Grail) is a man-portable, shoulder-fired, low-altitude surface-to-air missile system (MANPADS) with a high explosive warhead and passive infrared homing guidance.
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