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Fatherland and Liberty

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The Fatherland and Liberty Nationalist Front (Spanish: Frente Nacionalista Patria y Libertad or simply Patria y Libertad, PyL) was a nationalist and authoritarian political and paramilitary group Blum, William. [1]

67 relations: Anti-communism, Assassination of Olof Palme, Authoritarianism, Black, Carlos Altamirano, Carlos Prats, Caudillo, Central Intelligence Agency, Chile, Chilean Navy, Chilean presidential election, 1970, Chilean transition to democracy, Christian Democratic Party (Chile), Corporatism, Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional, Drug Enforcement Administration, Eugenio Berríos, Far-right politics, Fascism, Forced disappearance, History of Argentina, Indictment and arrest of Augusto Pinochet, Killing Hope, La Nación (Chile), La Tercera, Liberalism, Manuel Contreras, Mariana Callejas, Marxism, Michael Townley, Military of Chile, Molotov cocktail, National Party (Chile, 1966), Nationalism, Neo-fascism, Neoliberalism, Nunchaku, Oil, Olof Palme, Orlando Letelier, Pantheon-Sorbonne University, Paramilitary, Parliamentary system, Pipeline transport, Political party, Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, Popular Unity (Chile), Power outage, Presidency of Salvador Allende, Project FUBELT, ..., Radio Cooperativa, Sabotage, Salvador Allende, Schneider Doctrine, Socialist Party of Chile, Spanish language, Tacuara Nationalist Movement, Tanquetazo, Televisión Nacional de Chile, Torture, United States intervention in Chile, Valech Report, Villa Baviera, White, William Blum, Zed Books, 1973 Chilean coup d'état. Expand index (17 more) »

Anti-communism

Anti-communism is opposition to communism.

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Assassination of Olof Palme

On Friday, 28 February 1986, at 23:21 CET (22:21 UTC), Olof Palme, Prime Minister of Sweden, was fatally wounded by a single gunshot while walking home from a cinema with his wife Lisbet Palme on the central Stockholm street Sveavägen.

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Authoritarianism

Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by strong central power and limited political freedoms.

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Black

Black is the darkest color, the result of the absence or complete absorption of visible light.

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Carlos Altamirano

Carlos Altamirano Orrego (born December 18, 1922) is a lawyer and one of the most influential politicians of Chilean socialism.

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Carlos Prats

General Carlos Prats González (February 24, 1915 – September 30, 1974) was a Chilean Army officer and politician.

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Caudillo

A caudillo (Old Spanish: cabdillo, from Latin capitellum, diminutive of caput "head") was a type of personalist leader wielding military and political power.

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Central Intelligence Agency

The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is a civilian foreign intelligence service of the United States federal government, tasked with gathering, processing, and analyzing national security information from around the world, primarily through the use of human intelligence (HUMINT).

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Chile

Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

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Chilean Navy

The Chilean Navy (Armada de Chile) is the naval force of Chile.

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Chilean presidential election, 1970

Presidential elections were held in Chile on 4 September 1970.

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Chilean transition to democracy

The Chilean transition to democracy began when a Constitution establishing a transition itinerary was approved in a plebiscite.

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Christian Democratic Party (Chile)

The Christian Democratic Party (Partido Demócrata Cristiano, PDC) is a Christian democratic political party in Chile and governs as part of the Nueva Mayoría coalition.

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Corporatism

Corporatism is the organization of a society by corporate groups and agricultural, labour, military or scientific syndicates and guilds on the basis of their common interests.

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Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional

The Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional (National Intelligence Directorate) or DINA was the Chilean secret police in the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet, and has been called Pinochet's Gestapo.

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Drug Enforcement Administration

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is a United States federal law enforcement agency under the United States Department of Justice, tasked with combating drug smuggling and use within the United States.

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Eugenio Berríos

Eugenio Berríos Sagredo (November 14, 1947 – 1992) was a Chilean biochemist who worked for the DINA intelligence agency.

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Far-right politics

Far-right politics are politics further on the right of the left-right spectrum than the standard political right, particularly in terms of more extreme nationalist, and nativist ideologies, as well as authoritarian tendencies.

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Fascism

Fascism is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and control of industry and commerce, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe.

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Forced disappearance

In international human rights law, a forced disappearance (or enforced disappearance) occurs when a person is secretly abducted or imprisoned by a state or political organization or by a third party with the authorization, support, or acquiescence of a state or political organization, followed by a refusal to acknowledge the person's fate and whereabouts, with the intent of placing the victim outside the protection of the law.

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History of Argentina

The history of Argentina can be divided into four main parts: the pre-Columbian time or early history (up to the sixteenth century), the colonial period (1530–1810), the period of nation-building (1810-1880), and the history of modern Argentina (from around 1880).

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Indictment and arrest of Augusto Pinochet

General Augusto Pinochet was indicted for human rights violations committed in his native Chile by Spanish magistrate Baltasar Garzón on 10 October 1998.

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Killing Hope

Killing Hope: U.S. Military and C.I.A. Interventions since World War II is a history book on covert CIA operations and United States military interventions during the second half of the 20th century.

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La Nación (Chile)

La Nación is a Chilean newspaper created in 1917 by Eliodoro Yáñez and presided until 1927 by Carlos Dávila.

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La Tercera

La Tercera (The Third One), formerly known as La Tercera de la Hora ('the third of the hour'), is a daily newspaper published in Santiago, Chile and owned by Copesa.

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Liberalism

Liberalism is a political and moral philosophy based on liberty and equality.

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Manuel Contreras

Juan Manuel Guillermo "Mamo" Contreras Sepúlveda (4 May 1929 – 7 August 2015) was a Chilean military officer and the former head of the National Intelligence Directorate (DINA), Chile's secret police during the dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet.

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Mariana Callejas

Mariana Inés Callejas Honores (11 April 1932 – 10 August 2016) was a Chilean writer and member of the Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional (DINA) who participated in various terrorist attacks, among them the murder of General Carlos Prats and his wife, perpetrated in 1974 in Buenos Aires.

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Marxism

Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation.

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Michael Townley

Michael Vernon Townley (born December 5, 1942) is a former agent of the Dirección de Inteligencia Nacional currently living under terms of the US federal witness protection program.

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Military of Chile

The Armed Forces of Chile (Fuerzas Armadas de Chile) is the unified military organization comprising the Chilean Army, Air Force and Navy.

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Molotov cocktail

A Molotov cocktail, also known as a petrol bomb, bottle bomb, poor man's grenade, Molotovin koktaili (Finnish), polttopullo (Finnish), fire bomb (not to be confused with an actual fire bomb) or just Molotov, commonly shortened as Molly, is a generic name used for a variety of bottle-based improvised incendiary weapons.

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National Party (Chile, 1966)

The National Party (Spanish: Partido Nacional, PN) of Chile was a Chilean political party formed by the union of the United Conservative Party, the Liberal Party and the National Action (founded in 1963 by Jorge Prat Echaurren, who had been Minister of Finances in 1954 in Carlos Ibáñez del Campo's cabinet).

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Nationalism

Nationalism is a political, social, and economic system characterized by the promotion of the interests of a particular nation, especially with the aim of gaining and maintaining sovereignty (self-governance) over the homeland.

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Neo-fascism

Neo-fascism is a post–World War II ideology that includes significant elements of fascism.

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Neoliberalism

Neoliberalism or neo-liberalism refers primarily to the 20th-century resurgence of 19th-century ideas associated with laissez-faire economic liberalism.

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Nunchaku

is a traditional Okinawan martial arts weapon consisting of two sticks connected at one end by a short chain or rope.

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Oil

An oil is any nonpolar chemical substance that is a viscous liquid at ambient temperatures and is both hydrophobic (does not mix with water, literally "water fearing") and lipophilic (mixes with other oils, literally "fat loving").

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Olof Palme

Sven Olof Joachim Palme (30 January 1927 – 28 February 1986) was a Swedish Social Democratic politician and statesman.

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Orlando Letelier

Marcos Orlando Letelier del Solar (13 April 1932 – 21 September 1976) was a Chilean economist, politician and diplomat during the presidency of Salvador Allende.

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Pantheon-Sorbonne University

Pantheon-Sorbonne University (Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne), also known as Paris 1, is a multidisciplinary public research university in Paris, France.

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Paramilitary

A paramilitary is a semi-militarized force whose organizational structure, tactics, training, subculture, and (often) function are similar to those of a professional military, but which is not included as part of a state's formal armed forces.

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Parliamentary system

A parliamentary system is a system of democratic governance of a state where the executive branch derives its democratic legitimacy from its ability to command the confidence of the legislative branch, typically a parliament, and is also held accountable to that parliament.

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Pipeline transport

Pipeline transport is the transportation of goods or material through a pipe.

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Political party

A political party is an organised group of people, often with common views, who come together to contest elections and hold power in government.

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Pontifical Catholic University of Chile

The Pontifical Catholic University of Chile (UC) (Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile) is one of the six Catholic Universities existing in the Chilean university system and one of the two Pontifical Universities in the country, along with the Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaíso.

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Popular Unity (Chile)

The Popular Unity (Unidad Popular, UP) was a left-wing political alliance in Chile that stood behind the successful candidacy of Salvador Allende for the 1970 Chilean presidential election.

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Power outage

A power outage (also called a power cut, a power out, a power blackout, power failure or a blackout) is a short-term or a long-term loss of the electric power to a particular area.

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Presidency of Salvador Allende

Salvador Allende was the president of Chile from 1970 until 1973, and head of the Popular Unity government; he was the first Marxist ever to be elected to the national presidency of a democracy.

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Project FUBELT

Project FUBELT (also known as Track II) is the codename for the secret Central Intelligence Agency operations that were to prevent Salvador Allende's rise to power before his confirmation and to promote a military coup in Chile.

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Radio Cooperativa

Radio Cooperativa is a radio station in Chile, based in Santiago.

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Sabotage

Sabotage is a deliberate action aimed at weakening a polity, effort or organization through subversion, obstruction, disruption or destruction.

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Salvador Allende

Salvador Guillermo Allende Gossens (26 June 1908 – 11 September 1973) was a Chilean physician and politician, known as the first Marxist to become president of a Latin American country through open elections.

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Schneider Doctrine

The Schneider Doctrine was a political doctrine originally espoused by Chilean General René Schneider, which allowed the election of Salvador Allende as President of Chile, and was the main ideological obstacle to a military coup d'état against him.

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Socialist Party of Chile

The Socialist Party of Chile (Partido Socialista de Chile, or PS) is a political party within the centre-left Nueva Mayoría.

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Spanish language

Spanish or Castilian, is a Western Romance language that originated in the Castile region of Spain and today has hundreds of millions of native speakers in Latin America and Spain.

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Tacuara Nationalist Movement

The Movimiento Nacionalista Tacuara (MNT, Tacuara Nationalist Movement) was an Argentine far right movement in the 1960s, which later integrated Juan Perón's right-wing “Special Formations”.

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Tanquetazo

El Tanquetazo or El Tancazo (both Spanish for "tank putsch") of 29 June 1973 are the names used to refer to the failed coup attempt in Chile led by Lieutenant Colonel Roberto Souper against the government of Socialist president Salvador Allende.

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Televisión Nacional de Chile

Televisión Nacional de Chile (TVN) is the Chilean public television broadcaster.

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Torture

Torture (from the Latin tortus, "twisted") is the act of deliberately inflicting physical or psychological pain in order to fulfill some desire of the torturer or compel some action from the victim.

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United States intervention in Chile

Chile is a country in the southern South America.

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Valech Report

The Valech Report (officially The National Commission on Political Imprisonment and Torture Report) was a record of abuses committed in Chile between 1973 and 1990 by agents of Augusto Pinochet's military regime.

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Villa Baviera

Villa Baviera (Bavaria Village) is the current organization occupying the location of the infamous and disgraced Colonia Dignidad (Dignity Colony), in Parral Commune, Linares Province, in the Maule Region of central Chile.

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White

White is the lightest color and is achromatic (having no hue), because it fully reflects and scatters all the visible wavelengths of light.

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William Blum

William Blum (born 6 March 1933) is an American author, historian, and critic of United States foreign policy.

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Zed Books

Zed Books is an independent non-fiction publishing company based in London, UK.

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1973 Chilean coup d'état

The 1973 Chilean coup d'état was a watershed moment in both the history of Chile and the Cold War.

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Redirects here:

Fatherland and Liberty Nationalist Front, Fatherland and liberty, Frente Nacionalista Patria y Libertad, Motherland and Liberty, Patria Y Libertad, Patria y Libertad, PyL.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fatherland_and_Liberty

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