113 relations: Action potential, Alcohol abuse, Altered level of consciousness, Anemia, Arthritis, Autism spectrum, Autoimmune disease, Axon, Beta blocker, Blood test, Boredom, Byung-Chul Han, Cancer, Cancer-related fatigue, Cardiovascular disease, Chemotherapy, Chronic fatigue syndrome, Ciprofloxacin, Clinical urine tests, Coeliac disease, Combat stress reaction, Common cold, Comprehensive metabolic panel, Depression (mood), Developmental disorder, Diabetes mellitus, Diagnosis of HIV/AIDS, Directed attention fatigue, Disease, Eating disorder, Effects of fatigue on safety, Electromyography, Emotion, Endocrine disease, Exercise, Exercise intolerance, Fibromyalgia, Fructose malabsorption, Gaucher's disease, Gulf War syndrome, Heat illness, Hematology, HIV, Hypoglycemia, Hypothyroidism, Immune system, Inborn errors of metabolism, Infection, Infectious mononucleosis, Injury, ..., Iron overload, Irritable bowel syndrome, Jet lag, Labour economics, Lethargy, Leukemia, Lithium (medication), Liver disease, Liver failure, Lyme disease, Lymphoma, Major depressive disorder, Malaise, Medical history, Medical sign, Medical test, Medication, Microsleep, Mineral (nutrient), Motor neuron, Multiple sclerosis, Muscle, Museum fatigue, Myasthenia gravis, Narcolepsy, Neurocognitive, Neurological disorder, Neuromuscular disease, Nintendo, Pain, Parkinson's disease, Perception, Periorbital puffiness, Poison, Post-concussion syndrome, Pregnancy test, Presenteeism, Psychiatry, Radiation therapy, Recreation, Reticular formation, Serotonin, Sickness behavior, Sjögren syndrome, Slate (magazine), Sleep, Sleep deprivation, Sleep disorder, Sleep study, Sleep-deprived driving, Somnolence, Spondyloarthropathy, Spring fever, Stimulation, Stress (biology), Stroke, Substance abuse, Symptom, Systemic lupus erythematosus, Thyroid disease, Uremia, Vitamin, Weakness. Expand index (63 more) » « Shrink index
In physiology, an action potential occurs when the membrane potential of a specific axon location rapidly rises and falls: this depolarisation then causes adjacent locations to similarly depolarise.
Alcohol abuse is a previous psychiatric diagnosis in which there is recurring harmful use of alcohol despite its negative consequences.
An altered level of consciousness is any measure of arousal other than normal.
Anemia is a decrease in the total amount of red blood cells (RBCs) or hemoglobin in the blood, or a lowered ability of the blood to carry oxygen.
Arthritis is a term often used to mean any disorder that affects joints.
Autism spectrum, also known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a range of conditions classified as neurodevelopmental disorders.
An autoimmune disease is a condition arising from an abnormal immune response to a normal body part.
An axon (from Greek ἄξων áxōn, axis) or nerve fiber, is a long, slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, that typically conducts electrical impulses known as action potentials, away from the nerve cell body.
Beta blockers, also written β-blockers, are a class of medications that are particularly used to manage abnormal heart rhythms, and to protect the heart from a second heart attack (myocardial infarction) after a first heart attack (secondary prevention).
A blood test is a laboratory analysis performed on a blood sample that is usually extracted from a vein in the arm using a hypodermic needle, or via fingerprick.
In conventional usage, boredom is an emotional or psychological state experienced when an individual is left without anything in particular to do, is not interested in his or her surroundings, or feels that a day or period is dull or tedious.
Byung-Chul Han (born 1959) is a South Korean-born German author, cultural theorist, and professor at the Berlin University of the Arts.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
Cancer-related fatigue is a subjective symptom of fatigue that is experienced by nearly all cancer patients.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
Chemotherapy (often abbreviated to chemo and sometimes CTX or CTx) is a type of cancer treatment that uses one or more anti-cancer drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized chemotherapy regimen.
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), also referred to as myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME), is a medical condition characterized by long-term fatigue and other symptoms that limit a person's ability to carry out ordinary daily activities.
Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic used to treat a number of bacterial infections.
Clinical urine tests are various tests of urine for diagnostic purposes.
Coeliac disease, also spelled celiac disease, is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the small intestine.
Combat stress reaction (CSR) is a term used within the military to describe acute behavioral disorganization seen by medical personnel as a direct result of the trauma of war.
The common cold, also known simply as a cold, is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that primarily affects the nose.
The comprehensive metabolic panel, or chemical screen, (CMP; CPT code 80053) is a panel of 14 blood tests which serves as an initial broad medical screening tool.
Depression is a state of low mood and aversion to activity that can affect a person's thoughts, behavior, tendencies, feelings, and sense of well-being.
Developmental disorders comprise a group of psychiatric conditions originating in childhood that involve serious impairment in different areas.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.
HIV tests are used to detect the presence of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), in serum, saliva, or urine.
Directed attention fatigue (DAF) is a neuro-psychological phenomenon that results from overuse of the brain’s inhibitory attention mechanisms, which handle incoming distractions while maintaining focus on a specific task.
A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
An eating disorder is a mental disorder defined by abnormal eating habits that negatively affect a person's physical or mental health.
Fatigue is a major safety concern in many fields, but especially in transportation, because fatigue can result in disastrous accidents.
Electromyography (EMG) is an electrodiagnostic medicine technique for evaluating and recording the electrical activity produced by skeletal muscles.
Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.
Endocrine diseases are disorders of the endocrine system.
Exercise is any bodily activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and overall health and wellness.
Exercise intolerance is a condition of inability or decreased ability to perform physical exercise at what would be considered to be the normally expected level or duration.
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a medical condition characterised by chronic widespread pain and a heightened pain response to pressure.
Fructose malabsorption, formerly named "dietary fructose intolerance" (DFI), is a digestive disorder in which absorption of fructose is impaired by deficient fructose carriers in the small intestine's enterocytes.
Gaucher's disease or Gaucher disease (GD) is a genetic disorder in which glucocerebroside (a sphingolipid, also known as glucosylceramide) accumulates in cells and certain organs.
Gulf War syndrome (GWS), also known as Gulf War illnesses (GWI) and chronic multisymptom illness (CMI), is a chronic and multisymptomatic disorder affecting returning military veterans and civilian workers of the 1990–91 Gulf War.
Heat illness or heat-related illness is a spectrum of disorders due to environmental exposure to heat.
Hematology, also spelled haematology, is the branch of medicine concerned with the study of the cause, prognosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases related to blood.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a lentivirus (a subgroup of retrovirus) that causes HIV infection and over time acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is when blood sugar decreases to below normal levels.
Hypothyroidism, also called underactive thyroid or low thyroid, is a disorder of the endocrine system in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone.
The immune system is a host defense system comprising many biological structures and processes within an organism that protects against disease.
Inborn errors of metabolism form a large class of genetic diseases involving congenital disorders of metabolism.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
Infectious mononucleosis (IM, mono), also known as glandular fever, is an infection usually caused by the Epstein–Barr virus (EBV).
Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.
Iron overload (variously known as haemochromatosis, hemochromatosis, hemochromocytosis, Celtic curse, Irish illness, British gene, Scottish sickness and bronzing diabetes) indicates accumulation of iron in the body from any cause.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a group of symptoms—including abdominal pain and changes in the pattern of bowel movements without any evidence of underlying damage.
Jet lag is a physiological condition which results from alterations to the body's circadian rhythms caused by rapid long-distance trans-meridian (east–west or west–east) travel.
Labour economics seeks to understand the functioning and dynamics of the markets for wage labour.
Lethargy is a state of tiredness, weariness, fatigue, or lack of energy.
Leukemia, also spelled leukaemia, is a group of cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal white blood cells.
Lithium compounds, also known as lithium salts, are primarily used as a psychiatric medication.
Liver disease (also called hepatic disease) is a type of damage to or disease of the liver.
Liver failure or hepatic insufficiency is the inability of the liver to perform its normal synthetic and metabolic function as part of normal physiology.
Lyme disease, also known as Lyme borreliosis, is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the Borrelia type which is spread by ticks.
Lymphoma is a group of blood cancers that develop from lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell).
Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
Malaise is a feeling of general discomfort, uneasiness or pain, often the first indication of an infection or other disease.
The medical history or case history of a patient is information gained by a physician by asking specific questions, either of the patient or of other people who know the person and can give suitable information, with the aim of obtaining information useful in formulating a diagnosis and providing medical care to the patient.
A medical sign is an objective indication of some medical fact or characteristic that may be detected by a patient or anyone, especially a physician, before or during a physical examination of a patient.
A medical test is a medical procedure performed to detect, diagnose, or monitor diseases, disease processes, susceptibility, and determine a course of treatment.
A medication (also referred to as medicine, pharmaceutical drug, or simply drug) is a drug used to diagnose, cure, treat, or prevent disease.
A micro-sleep (MS) is a temporary episode of sleep or drowsiness which may last for a fraction of a second or up to 30 seconds where an individual fails to respond to some arbitrary sensory input and becomes unconscious.
In the context of nutrition, a mineral is a chemical element required as an essential nutrient by organisms to perform functions necessary for life.
A motor neuron (or motoneuron) is a neuron whose cell body is located in the motor cortex, brainstem or the spinal cord, and whose axon (fiber) projects to the spinal cord or outside of the spinal cord to directly or indirectly control effector organs, mainly muscles and glands.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease in which the insulating covers of nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord are damaged.
Muscle is a soft tissue found in most animals.
Museum fatigue is a state of physical or mental fatigue caused by the experience of exhibits in museums and similar cultural institutions.
Myasthenia gravis (MG) is a long-term neuromuscular disease that leads to varying degrees of skeletal muscle weakness.
Narcolepsy is a long-term neurological disorder that involves a decreased ability to regulate sleep-wake cycles.
Neurocognitive functions are cognitive functions closely linked to the function of particular areas, neural pathways, or cortical networks in the brain substrate layers of neurological matrix at the cellular molecular level.
A neurological disorder is any disorder of the nervous system.
Neuromuscular disease is a very broad term that encompasses many diseases and ailments that impair the functioning of the muscles, either directly, being pathologies of the voluntary muscle, or indirectly, being pathologies of nerves or neuromuscular junctions.
Nintendo Co., Ltd. is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto.
Pain is a distressing feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system.
Perception (from the Latin perceptio) is the organization, identification, and interpretation of sensory information in order to represent and understand the presented information, or the environment.
Periorbital puffiness, also known as "puffy eyes", or swelling around the eyes, is the appearance of swelling in the tissues around the eyes, called the orbits.
In biology, poisons are substances that cause disturbances in organisms, usually by chemical reaction or other activity on the molecular scale, when an organism absorbs a sufficient quantity.
Post-concussion syndrome, also known as postconcussive syndrome or PCS, is a set of symptoms that may continue for weeks, months, or a year or more after a concussion – a mild form of traumatic brain injury (TBI).
A pregnancy test attempts to determine whether or not a woman is pregnant.
Presenteeism or working while sick can cause productivity loss, poor health, exhaustion and workplace epidemics.
Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of mental disorders.
Radiation therapy or radiotherapy, often abbreviated RT, RTx, or XRT, is therapy using ionizing radiation, generally as part of cancer treatment to control or kill malignant cells and normally delivered by a linear accelerator.
Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time.
The reticular formation is a set of interconnected nuclei that are located throughout the brainstem.
Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a monoamine neurotransmitter.
Ancher, Michael, "The Sick Girl", 1882, Statens Museum for Kunst. Sickness behavior is a coordinated set of adaptive behavioral changes that develop in ill individuals during the course of an infection.
Sjögren syndrome (SjS, SS) is a long-term autoimmune disease in which the moisture-producing glands of the body are affected.
Slate is an online magazine that covers current affairs, politics, and culture in the United States from a liberal perspective.
Sleep is a naturally recurring state of mind and body, characterized by altered consciousness, relatively inhibited sensory activity, inhibition of nearly all voluntary muscles, and reduced interactions with surroundings.
Sleep deprivation is the condition of not having enough sleep; it can be either chronic or acute.
A sleep disorder, or somnipathy, is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person or animal.
Sleep studies are tests that record the body activity during sleep.
Sleep-deprived driving (commonly known as tired driving, drowsy driving, or fatigued driving) is the operation of a motor vehicle while being cognitively impaired by a lack of sleep.
Somnolence (alternatively "sleepiness" or "drowsiness") is a state of strong desire for sleep, or sleeping for unusually long periods (compare hypersomnia).
Spondyloarthropathy or spondyloarthrosis refers to any joint disease of the vertebral column.
Spring fever is any of a number of mood, physical, or behavioral changes, which may be experienced coinciding with the arrival of spring, particularly restlessness, laziness, and even amorousness.
Stimulation is the encouragement of development or the cause of activity generally.
Physiological or biological stress is an organism's response to a stressor such as an environmental condition.
A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others, and is a form of substance-related disorder.
A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls", from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is noticed by a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease.
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), also known simply as lupus, is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue in many parts of the body.
Thyroid disease is a medical condition that affects the function of the thyroid gland (the endocrine organ found at the front of the neck that produces thyroid hormones).
Uremia is the condition of having "urea in the blood".
A vitamin is an organic molecule (or related set of molecules) which is an essential micronutrient - that is, a substance which an organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its metabolism - but cannot synthesize it (either at all, or in sufficient quantities), and therefore it must be obtained through the diet.
Weakness or asthenia is a symptom of a number of different conditions.
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