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Ariyanayagam Chandranehru (அரியநாயகம் சந்திரநேரு; 15 October 1944 – 8 February 2005) was a Sri Lankan Tamil merchant seaman, politician and Member of Parliament.
Aaron Lane Cook (born February 8, 1979) is an American former professional baseball pitcher.
Aaron Hill (10 February 1685 – 8 February 1750) was an English dramatist and miscellaneous writer.
Abd Al-Karim Qasim Muhammed Bakr Al-Fadhli Al-Zubaidi (عبد الكريم قاسم) (21 November 1914 – 9 February 1963), was a nationalist Iraqi Army brigadier who seized power in the 14 July Revolution, wherein the Iraqi monarchy was eliminated.
Abdülaziz (Ottoman Turkish: عبد العزيز / `Abdü’l-`Azīz, Abdülaziz; 8 February 18304 June 1876) was the 32nd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and reigned between 25 June 1861 and 30 May 1876.
Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th President of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
The Aceh War, also known as the Dutch War or the Infidel War (1873–1904), was an armed military conflict between the Sultanate of Aceh and the Kingdom of the Netherlands which was triggered by discussions between representatives of Aceh and the United States in Singapore during early 1873.
The Acehnese (also written as Atjehnese and Achinese) are an ethnic group from Aceh, Indonesia on the northernmost tip of the island of Sumatra.
AEK Football Club (ΠΑΕ AEK; Αθλητική Ένωσις Κωνσταντινουπόλεως; Athlitikί Énosis Konstantinoupόleos, "Athletic Union of Constantinople"), also known as AEK, is a Greek football club based in Nea Filadelfeia, municipality of Attica, Greece.
Afghanistan (Pashto/Dari:, Pashto: Afġānistān, Dari: Afġānestān), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia.
Afonso IVEnglish: Alphonzo or Alphonse, or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin).
Agostino Bassi, sometimes called de Lodi (25 September 1773 – 8 February 1856), was an Italian entomologist.
Théodore-Agrippa d'Aubigné (8 February 155229 April 1630) was a French poet, soldier, propagandist and chronicler.
Adrian Neil Boothroyd (born 8 February 1971) is an English former footballer, who is manager of the England U21 team.
Aircraft hijacking (also air piracy or aircraft piracy, especially within the special aircraft jurisdiction of the United States and in the US state of Mississippi, and as skyjacking in some nations) is the unlawful seizure of an aircraft by an individual or a group.
(31 May 1914 – 8 February 2006) was a Japanese composer, best known for his works on the film scores of the Godzilla movies since 1954.
Alan Francis Simpson, (27 November 1929 – 8 February 2017) was an English scriptwriter, best known for the Galton and Simpson comedy writing partnership with Ray Galton.
Alejandro Rey (February 8, 1930 – May 21, 1987) was an Argentine-American actor and television director.
Alexander Antonitsch (born 8 February 1966) is a former tennis player from Austria, who turned professional in 1988.
Alexios IV Angelos or Alexius IV Angelus (Αλέξιος Δ' Άγγελος) (c. 1182 – 8 February 1204) was Byzantine Emperor from August 1203 to January 1204.
Aleksey Mikhailovich (p; –) was the tsar of Russia from 12 July 1645 until his death, 29 January 1676.
Alonzo Harding Mourning Jr. (born February 8, 1970) is an American retired professional basketball player, who played most of his 15-year National Basketball Association (NBA) career for the Miami Heat.
Amelia Bence (born María Amelia Batvinik; 13 November 1914 – 8 February 2016) was an Argentine film actress and one of the divas of the Golden Age of Argentine Cinema (1940–60).
André Ernest Modeste Grétry (baptised 11 February 1741; died 24 September 1813) was a composer from the Prince-Bishopric of Liège (present-day Belgium), who worked from 1767 onwards in France and took French nationality.
Andrew James Hoy, OAM (born 8 February 1959 in Culcairn, New South Wales) is an Olympic-level equestrian rider, who competes for Australia.
Anna Nicole Smith (born Vickie Lynn Hogan; November 28, 1967 – February 8, 2007) was an American model, actress and television personality.
An antique radio is a radio receiving set that is collectible because of its age and rarity.
Anton Wilhelm von L'Estocq (16 August 1738 – 5 January 1815) was a Prussian cavalry general best known for his command of the Prussian troops at the Battle of Eylau.
Aristidis Soiledis (Αριστείδης Σοϊλέδης; born 8 February 1991) is a Greek Football player who plays as a left back for Liga I side Botoșani.
Arlie Oswald Petters, MBE (born February 8, 1964) is a Belizean-American mathematical physicist, who is the Benjamin Powell Professor of Mathematics and a Professor Physics and Economics at Duke University.
The Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN), also known as the South Vietnamese army (SVA), were the ground forces of the South Vietnamese military from its inception in 1955 until the Fall of Saigon in 1975.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
Audrey Meadows (born Audrey Cotter, February 8, 1922 – February 3, 1996) was an American actress best known for her role as the deadpan housewife Alice Kramden on the 1950s American television comedy The Honeymooners.
The Ayyubid dynasty (الأيوبيون; خانەدانی ئەیووبیان) was a Sunni Muslim dynasty of Kurdish origin founded by Saladin and centred in Egypt.
Saint Ælfflæd (654–714) was the daughter of King Oswiu of Northumbria and Eanflæd.
Ba Maw (ဘမော်,; 8 February 1893 – 29 May 1977) was a Burmese political leader, active during the interwar and World War II period.
The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (حزب البعث العربي الاشتراكي) was a political party founded in Syria by Michel Aflaq, Salah al-Din al-Bitar, and associates of Zaki al-Arsuzi.
The Babington Plot was a plan in 1586 to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I, a Protestant, and put Mary, Queen of Scots, her Roman Catholic cousin, on the English throne.
Banjarmasin (also known as Bandjermasin or Bandjarmasin) is the capital of South Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Barnett Jerome "Barney" Danson, (February 8, 1921 – October 17, 2011) was a Canadian politician and Cabinet minister.
Barry Hall (born 8 February 1977) is a former professional Australian rules footballer who played for the St Kilda Football Club, Sydney Swans and Western Bulldogs in the Australian Football League (AFL).
Batak is a collective term used to identify a number of closely related Austronesian ethnic groups predominantly found in North Sumatra, Indonesia who speak Batak languages.
Batman is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics.
The Battle of Al Mansurah was fought from February 8 to February 11, 1250, between Crusaders led by Louis IX, King of France, and Ayyubid forces led by Emir Fakhr-ad-Din Yusuf, Faris ad-Din Aktai and Baibars al-Bunduqdari.
The Battle of Eylau or Battle of Preussisch-Eylau, 7 and 8 February 1807, was a bloody and inconclusive battle between Napoleon's Grande Armée and the Imperial Russian Army under the command of Levin August, Count von Bennigsen near the town of Preussisch Eylau in East Prussia.
The of Monday 8 February – Tuesday 9 February 1904 marked the commencement of the Russo-Japanese War.
The Battle of Singapore, also known as the Fall of Singapore, was fought in the South-East Asian theatre of World War II when the Empire of Japan invaded the British stronghold of Singapore—nicknamed the "Gibraltar of the East".
Benigno Simeon "Noynoy" Cojuangco Aquino IIIQuezon, Manuel L..
Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins (8 February 1807 – 27 January 1894) was an English sculptor and natural history artist renowned for his work on the life-size models of dinosaurs in the Crystal Palace Park in south London.
Betty Field (February 8, 1913 – September 13, 1973) was an American film and stage actress.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
Paul Donald Wight II (born February 8, 1972), better known by the ring name Big Show, is an American professional wrestler and actor, currently signed to WWE on the Raw brand.
Milton Finger, known professionally as Bill Finger (February 8, 1914 – January 18, 1974), was an American comic strip and comic book writer best known as the co-creator, with Bob Kane, of the DC Comics character Batman, and the co-architect of the series' development.
Birgitte Reimer (8 February 1926) is a Danish film actress.
Blanche of France (1 April 1328 – 8 February 1382) was the posthumous daughter of King Charles IV of France and his third wife, Jeanne d'Évreux.
The bouzouki (also buzuki; μπουζούκι; plural bouzoukia μπουζούκια) is a musical instrument popular in Greece that was brought there in the 1900s by Greek immigrants from Asia Minor, and quickly became the central instrument to the rebetiko genre and its music branches.
The Boy Scouts of America (BSA) is one of the largest Scouting organizations in the United States of America and one of the largest youth organizations in the United States, with more than 2.4 million youth participants and nearly one million adult volunteers.
Brooke Adams (born February 8, 1949) is an American actress.
Bruno Labbadia (born 8 February 1966) is a German retired footballer of Italian heritage.
Rolando Maximiliano "Bruno" Martins Indi (born 8 February 1992) is a professional footballer who plays as a defender for Championship club Stoke City.
The Byzantine civil war of 1341–1347, sometimes referred to as the Second Palaiologan Civil War, was a conflict that broke out in the Byzantine Empire after the death of Andronikos III Palaiologos over the guardianship of his nine-year-old son and heir, John V Palaiologos.
The calendar of saints is a traditional Christian method of organizing a liturgical year by associating each day with one or more saints and referring to the day as the feast day or feast of said saint.
Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime.
Carl Daniel Jenkinson (born 8 February 1992) is an English professional footballer who plays as a right back for Premier League club Arsenal.
Carolina Kostner (born February 8, 1987) is an Italian figure skater.
Princess Caroline Augusta of Bavaria (Karoline Auguste; Mannheim, 8 February 1792 – 9 February 1873 in Vienna) was an Empress consort of Austria by marriage to Francis I of Austria.
Cecily Legler Strong (born February 8, 1984) is an American actress and comedian who has been a cast member of Saturday Night Live since 2012.
Charles Curtis (January 25, 1860February 8, 1936) was an American attorney and politician, who served as the 31st Vice President of the United States from 1929 to 1933.
Charles-Jean-François Hénault (8 February 1685 – 24 November 1770) was a French writer and historian.
Charles Sherman Ruggles (February 8, 1886 – December 23, 1970) was a comic American character actor.
Chester Floyd Carlson (February 8, 1906 – September 19, 1968) was an American physicist, inventor, and patent attorney born in Seattle, Washington.
Chile, officially the Republic of Chile, is a South American country occupying a long, narrow strip of land between the Andes to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west.
The civil rights movement (also known as the African-American civil rights movement, American civil rights movement and other terms) was a decades-long movement with the goal of securing legal rights for African Americans that other Americans already held.
Claro Mayo Recto Jr. (born Claro Recto y Mayo; February 8, 1890 – October 2, 1960) was a Filipino statesman, jurist, poet and one of the foremost statesmen of his generation.
Claude Rich (8 February 1929 – 20 July 2017) was a French stage and screen actor.
Henry Clifford "Cliff" Allison (8 February 1932 – 7 April 2005) was a British racing driver from England, who participated in Formula One during seasons to for the Lotus, Scuderia Centro Sud, Ferrari and UDT Laystall teams.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
The College of William & Mary (also known as William & Mary, or W&M) is a public research university in Williamsburg, Virginia. Founded in 1693 by letters patent issued by King William III and Queen Mary II, it is the second-oldest institution of higher education in the United States, after Harvard University. William & Mary educated American Presidents Thomas Jefferson (third), James Monroe (fifth), and John Tyler (tenth) as well as other key figures important to the development of the nation, including the fourth U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice John Marshall of Virginia, Speaker of the House of Representatives Henry Clay of Kentucky, sixteen members of the Continental Congress, and four signers of the Declaration of Independence, earning it the nickname "the Alma Mater of the Nation." A young George Washington (1732–1799) also received his surveyor's license through the college. W&M students founded the Phi Beta Kappa academic honor society in 1776 and W&M was the first school of higher education in the United States to install an honor code of conduct for students. The establishment of graduate programs in law and medicine in 1779 makes it one of the earliest higher level universities in the United States. In addition to its undergraduate program (which includes an international joint degree program with the University of St Andrews in Scotland and a joint engineering program with Columbia University in New York City), W&M is home to several graduate programs (including computer science, public policy, physics, and colonial history) and four professional schools (law, business, education, and marine science). In his 1985 book Public Ivies: A Guide to America's Best Public Undergraduate Colleges and Universities, Richard Moll categorized William & Mary as one of eight "Public Ivies".
The Communications Decency Act of 1996 (CDA) was the first notable attempt by the United States Congress to regulate pornographic material on the Internet.
Cornelius McGillicuddy (December 22, 1862 – February 8, 1956), better known as Connie Mack, was an American professional baseball player, manager, and team owner.
Constantine XI Dragases Palaiologos, Latinized as Palaeologus (Κωνσταντῖνος ΙΑ' Δραγάσης Παλαιολόγος, Kōnstantinos XI Dragasēs Palaiologos; 8 February 1405 – 29 May 1453) was the last reigning Byzantine Emperor, ruling as a member of the Palaiologos dynasty from 1449 to his death in battle at the fall of Constantinople in 1453.
Constantius III (Latin: Flavius Constantius Augustus), was Western Roman Emperor in 421, from 8 February 421 to 2 September 421.
Corey L. Scott (December 28, 1968 – February 8, 1997) was an American stunt performer and professional motorcycle stunt rider.
Cory Steven Jane (born 8 February 1983) is a New Zealand international rugby union player of Māori descent.
Courtney Vandersloot (born February 8, 1989) is an American-Hungarian basketball point guard for the Chicago Sky of the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) and Yakin Dogu in the Turkish Women's Basketball League (TKBL).
The Crossing of the Andes (Cruce de los Andes) was one of the most important feats in the Argentine and Chilean wars of independence, in which a combined army of Argentine soldiers and Chilean exiles invaded Chile leading to Chile's liberation from Spanish rule.
Cuba, officially the Republic of Cuba, is a country comprising the island of Cuba as well as Isla de la Juventud and several minor archipelagos.
Cuthmann of Steyning (8th century), also spelt Cuthman, was an Anglo-Saxon hermit, church-builder and saint.
David Wark Griffith (January 22, 1875 – July 23, 1948) was an American director, writer, and producer who pioneered modern cinematic techniques.
Danny Wayland Seals (February 8, 1948 – March 25, 2009) was an American musician.
Danai Stratigopoulou (Modern Greek: Δανάη Στρατηγοπούλου) (born 8 February 1913 - died 18 January 2009) was a Greek singer, writer, and university academic.
Daniel Bernoulli FRS (8 February 1700 – 17 March 1782) was a Swiss mathematician and physicist and was one of the many prominent mathematicians in the Bernoulli family.
Daniel Philip Levy (born 8 February 1962) is a British businessman and the current chairman of Premier League football side Tottenham Hotspur and has been since 2001.
Daniele Matteo Alvise Barbaro (also Barbarus) (8 February 1514 – 13 April 1570) was an Italian architect, writer on architecture, and translator of, and commentator on, Vitruvius.
Dateline NBC, or simply Dateline, is a weekly American television newsmagazine/reality legal show that is broadcast on NBC.
The Dawes Act of 1887 (also known as the General Allotment Act or the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887), authorized the President of the United States to survey American Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual Indians.
Dayrolles Blakeney Eveleigh-de-Moleyns, 4th Baron Ventry, DL, JP (22 January 1828 - 8 February 1914), was an Irish hereditary peer, elected as a representative peer in 1871.
Delmer Ennis (June 8, 1925 – February 8, 1996) was an American professional baseball outfielder.
Del Shannon (born Charles Weedon Westover; December 30, 1934 – February 8, 1990) was an American rock and roll and country musician and singer-songwriter, best known for his 1961 number 1 Billboard hit "Runaway".
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.
Dennis Gabor (Gábor Dénes; 5 June 1900 – 9 February 1979) was a Hungarian-British electrical engineer and physicist, most notable for inventing holography, for which he later received the 1971 Nobel Prize in Physics.
Denys Justin Wright (6 May 1924 – 8 February 1992), known professionally as Denny Wright, was a jazz guitarist.
The Vice Minister-President of the Netherlands (Viceminister-president van Nederland), commonly referred to in English as the Deputy Prime Minister, is the official deputy of the head of government of the Netherlands.
Derrick Vincent Thomas (January 1, 1967 – February 8, 2000), nicknamed D.T., was an American football linebacker and defensive end for the Kansas City Chiefs of the National Football League (NFL).
Dino Ciccarelli (born February 8, 1960) is a Canadian former professional hockey player who played 19 seasons in the National Hockey League, primarily with the Minnesota North Stars, but also notably with the Detroit Red Wings, with whom he had his third-highest scoring season.
Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev (a; 8 February 18342 February 1907 O.S. 27 January 183420 January 1907) was a Russian chemist and inventor.
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.
The Early February 2013 North American blizzard was a powerful blizzard that developed from the combination of two areas of low pressure, primarily affecting the Northeastern United States and parts of Canada, causing heavy snowfall and hurricane-force winds.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
Eastern Air Lines Flight 663 was a scheduled domestic passenger flight from Boston, Massachusetts, to Atlanta, Georgia, with scheduled stopovers at John F. Kennedy International Airport, New York; Richmond, Virginia; Charlotte, North Carolina; and Greenville, South Carolina.
Dame Edith Mary Evans, (8 February 1888 – 14 October 1976) was an English actress.
Eemil Nestor Setälä, (27 February 1864 in Kokemäki – 8 February 1935 in Helsinki) was a Finnish politician and once the Chairman of the Senate of Finland, from September 1917 to November 1917.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Eivind Groven (8 October 1901 – 8 February 1977) was a Norwegian microtonal composer and music-theorist.
Dame Elisabeth Joy Murdoch AC DBE (née Greene; 8 February 1909 – 5 December 2012) was an Australian philanthropist and matriarch of the Murdoch family.
Elizabeth Bishop (February 8, 1911 – October 6, 1979) was an American poet and short-story writer.
Elizabeth I (7 September 1533 – 24 March 1603) was Queen of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death on 24 March 1603.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Elisabeth Sara "Elly" Ameling (born 8 February 1933) is a Dutch soprano who was particularly known internationally for lieder recitals and for singing works by Johann Sebastian Bach.
Else "Els" Borst-Eilers (22 March 1932 – 8 February 2014) was a Dutch politician of the Democrats 66 (D66) party.
Elton Dean (28 October 1945 – 8 February 2006) was an English jazz musician who performed on alto saxophone, saxello (a variant of the soprano saxophone) and occasionally keyboards.
Elvira of Castile (– 6 February 1135) was a member of the House of Jiménez and the first Queen of Sicily.
Emily Scarratt (born 8 February 1990) is an English rugby union player.
was the 115th emperor of Japan,Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): according to the traditional order of succession.
The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.
The England cricket team represents England and Wales (and, until 1992, also Scotland) in international cricket.
John Enoch Powell (16 June 19128 February 1998) was a British politician, classical scholar, author, linguist, soldier, philologist and poet.
Ernst Kretschmer (8 October 18888 February 1964) was a German psychiatrist who researched the human constitution and established a typology.
The Feast of Orthodoxy (also knowns as the Sunday of Orthodoxy or the Triumph of Orthodoxy) is celebrated on the first Sunday of Great Lent (six Sundays before Pascha) in the liturgical calendar of the Eastern Orthodox Church and of the Byzantine Rite Eastern Catholic Churches.
February 7 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - February 9 All fixed commemorations below are observed on February 21 by Eastern Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.
Feudalism in contemporary Pakistan (زمینداری نظام zamīndāri nizam) usually refers to the power and influence of large landowning families, particularly through very large estates and in more remote areas.
François Antoine Habeneck (22 January 1781 – 8 February 1849) was a French classical violinist and conductor.
Sir François Langelier, (24 December 1838 – 8 February 1915) was a Canadian lawyer, professor, journalist, politician, the tenth Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, and author.
France Prešeren (2 or 3 December 1800 – 8 February 1849) was a 19th-century Romantic Slovene poet, best known as the poet who has inspired virtually all later Slovene literature and has been generally acknowledged as the greatest Slovene classical author.
Franz Marc (February 8, 1880 – March 4, 1916) was a German painter and printmaker, one of the key figures of the German Expressionist movement.
Frederick Kenneth Blassie (February 8, 1918 – June 2, 2003), better known as "Classy" Freddie Blassie, was an American professional wrestling villain and manager born in St. Louis, Missouri.
Gary Wayne Coleman (February 8, 1968 – May 28, 2010) was an American actor, comedian, and writer best known for his role as Arnold Jackson in Diff'rent Strokes (1978–1986).
A gas chamber is an apparatus for killing humans or other animals with gas, consisting of a sealed chamber into which a poisonous or asphyxiant gas is introduced.
Mika Kristian Karppinen, better known as Gas Lipstick (born 8 February 1971), is a Swedish-Finnish musician, best known as the previous drummer of the Finnish gothic rock band HIM.
Gayo Lues Regency is a regency in the Aceh Special Region of Indonesia.
Gee Jon (c. 1895 – February 8, 1924) was a Chinese national who was the first person in the United States to be executed by lethal gas.
General Motors Company, commonly referred to as General Motors (GM), is an American multinational corporation headquartered in Detroit that designs, manufactures, markets, and distributes vehicles and vehicle parts, and sells financial services.
A general officer is an officer of high rank in the army, and in some nations' air forces or marines.
Genocide is intentional action to destroy a people (usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group) in whole or in part.
George Dance the Elder (1695 – 8 February 1768) was an English architect of the 18th century.
George Dolenz (born Jure Dolenc, or Giorgio Dolenz and George Dolentz, 5 January 19088 February 1963) was an American film actor born in Trieste (then part of Austria-Hungary, now in Italy), in the city's Slovene community.
George Formby (born James Lawler Booth; 4 October 1875 – 8 February 1921) was an English comedian and singer in musical theatre, known as one of the greatest music hall performers of the early 20th century.
Colonel George Robert Canning Harris, 4th Baron Harris, (3 February 1851 – 24 March 1932), generally known as Lord Harris, was a British colonial administrator and Governor of Bombay.
Georges Guétary, born Lambros Vorloou (Λάμπρος Βορλόου; February 8, 1915 – September 13, 1997) was a French singer, dancer, cabaret performer and film actor, best known for his role in the 1951 musical An American in Paris.
Gerolamo Emiliani (Gerolamo Emiliani also Jerome Aemilian, Hiëronymus Emiliani) (1486 – 8 February 1537), was an Italian humanitarian, founder of the Somaschi Fathers, and saint.
Gia Long (8 February 1762 – 3 February 1820), born Nguyễn Phúc Ánh or Nguyễn Ánh), was the first Emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam. Unifying what is now modern Vietnam in 1802, he founded the Nguyễn Dynasty, the last of the Vietnamese dynasties. A nephew of the last Nguyễn lord who ruled over southern Vietnam, Nguyễn Ánh was forced into hiding in 1777 as a fifteen-year-old when his family was slain in the Tây Sơn revolt. After several changes of fortune in which his loyalists regained and again lost Saigon, he befriended the French Catholic priest Pigneau de Behaine. Pigneau championed his cause to the French government—and managed to recruit volunteers when this fell through—to help Nguyễn Ánh regain the throne. From 1789, Nguyễn Ánh was once again in the ascendancy and began his northward march to defeat the Tây Sơn, reaching the border with China by 1802, which had previously been under the control of the Trịnh lords. Following their defeat, he succeeded in reuniting Vietnam after centuries of internecine feudal warfare, with a greater land mass than ever before, stretching from China down to the Gulf of Siam. Gia Long's rule was noted for its Confucian orthodoxy. He overcame the Tây Sơn rebellion and reinstated the classical Confucian education and civil service system. He moved the capital from Hanoi south to Huế as the country's populace had also shifted south over the preceding centuries, and built up fortresses and a palace in his new capital. Using French expertise, he modernized Vietnam's defensive capabilities. In deference to the assistance of his French friends, he tolerated the activities of Roman Catholic missionaries, something that became increasingly restricted under his successors. Under his rule, Vietnam strengthened its military dominance in Indochina, expelling Siamese forces from Cambodia and turning it into a vassal state.
Sir Giles Gilbert Scott (9 November 1880 – 8 February 1960) was an English architect known for his work on Liverpool Cathedral, Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford, Cambridge University Library, Waterloo Bridge and Battersea Power Station and designing the iconic red telephone box.
Giovanni Cheli (4 October 1918 – 8 February 2013) was a cardinal of the Catholic Church and was, along with Achille Silvestrini and Pio Laghi, one of the most prominent Vatican diplomats under Pope John Paul II.
Giuseppe Torelli (22 April 1658, Verona – 8 February 1709, Bologna) was an Italian violist, violinist, teacher, and composer.
Giuseppe Ungaretti (8 February 1888 – 2 June 1970) was an Italian modernist poet, journalist, essayist, critic, academic, and recipient of the inaugural 1970 Neustadt International Prize for Literature.
Gotfried Coenraad Ernst "Frits" van Daalen (23 March 1863 – 22 February 1930) was an Indo (Eurasian) Lieutenant General of the Royal Dutch East Indies Army who served in the Dutch East Indies.
Grand Duke Michael Pavlovich of Russia (Михаи́л Па́влович; Mikhail Pavlovich) (8 February 1798 – 9 September 1849) was a Russian prince, the tenth child and fourth son of Paul I of Russia and Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg.
Margaretha "Greta" Keller (February 8, 1903 – November 11, 1977) was a cabaret singer and actress.
Giovanni Francesco Barbieri (February 8, 1591 – December 22, 1666), best known as Guercino, or il Guercino, was an Italian Baroque painter and draftsman from the region of Emilia, and active in Rome and Bologna.
Wolf Gunther Plaut, (November 1, 1912 – February 8, 2012) was a Reform rabbi and author.
Hakan Çalhanoğlu (born 8 February 1994) is a Turkish professional footballer who plays as an attacking midfielder for Milan and the Turkey national team.
Halldór Kiljan Laxness (born Halldór Guðjónsson; 23 April 1902 – 8 February 1998) was an Icelandic writer.
Hans Henrik Jæger (2 September 1854, Drammen, Norway – 8 February 1910, Oslo) was a Norwegian writer, philosopher and anarchist political activist who was part of the Oslo (then Kristiania)-based bohemian group known as the Kristiania Bohemians.
Harriet MacGibbon (October 5, 1905 – February 8, 1987) was an American stage, film, and television actress best known for her role as the insufferably snobbish, "blue-blooded Bostonian" Mrs.
Harry Wu (February 8, 1937 – April 26, 2016) was a Chinese-American human rights activist.
The Heinkel He 111 was a German aircraft designed by Siegfried and Walter Günter at Heinkel Flugzeugwerke in 1934.
Heinz Peter Günthardt (born 8 February 1959 in Zürich) is a former tennis player from Switzerland, who won five singles titles during his professional career, including the Rotterdam WCT in 1980.
Helen of Anjou (Jelena Anžujska/Јелена Анжујска,; c. 1236 – 8 February 1314) was the Queen consort of the Serbian Kingdom, as spouse of King Stefan Uroš I. Her children were later kings Stefan Dragutin and Stefan Milutin.
Henry Walter Bates (8 February 1825 in Leicester – 16 February 1892 in London) was an English naturalist and explorer who gave the first scientific account of mimicry in animals.
The Hindu Kush, also known in Ancient Greek as the Caucasus Indicus (Καύκασος Ινδικός) or Paropamisadae (Παροπαμισάδαι), in Pashto and Persian as, Hindu Kush is an mountain range that stretches near the Afghan-Pakistan border,, Quote: "The Hindu Kush mountains run along the Afghan border with the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan".
The Hinton train collision was a railway accident that occurred on February 8, 1986.
The Hồ Chí Minh trail (also known in Vietnam as the "Trường Sơn trail") was a logistical system that ran from the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) to the Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) through the kingdoms of Laos and Cambodia.
The House of Windsor is the reigning royal house of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Hristo Stoichkov (Христо Стоичков,; born 8 February 1966) is a Bulgarian former footballer who is currently a football commentator for Univision Deportes.
Hulagu Khan, also known as Hülegü or Hulegu (ᠬᠦᠯᠡᠭᠦ|translit.
Ian Pretyman Stevenson (October 31, 1918 – February 8, 2007) was a Canadian-born U.S. psychiatrist.
On 8 February 1989, Independent Air Flight 1851, a Boeing 707 on an American charter flight from Bergamo, Italy to Punta Cana, Dominican Republic, struck Pico Alto while on approach to Santa Maria Airport in the Azores for a scheduled stopover.
Dame Jean Iris Murdoch (15 July 1919 – 8 February 1999) was a British novelist and philosopher born in Ireland to Irish parentage.
Italo Santelli (August 15, 1866 – February 8, 1945) was an Italian fencer who is considered to be the "father of modern sabre fencing".
Ivan V Alekseyevich (Russian: Иван V Алексеевич, &ndash) was a joint Tsar of Russia (with his younger half-brother Peter I) who co-reigned between 1682 and 1696.
Ivo Caprino (17 February 1920 – 8 February 2001) was a Norwegian film director and writer, best known for his puppet films.
John Langshaw "J.
John Richard Gott III (born February 8, 1947 in Louisville, Kentucky) is a professor of astrophysical sciences at Princeton University.
John Uhler Lemmon III (February 8, 1925 – June 27, 2001) professionally known as Jack Lemmon, was an American actor and musician.
Jagjit Singh, born Jagmohan Singh Dhiman (8 February 1941 – 10 October 2011), was an iconic Indian Ghazal singer, composer and musician.
James Byron Dean (February 8, 1931 – September 30, 1955) was an American actor.
James Anderson DePreist (November 21, 1936 – February 8, 2013) was an American conductor.
Jan van Huysum, also spelled Huijsum (15 April 1682 – 8 February 1749), was a Dutch painter.
The Japanese in Hawaii (simply Japanese or “Local Japanese”, rarely Kepanī) are the second largest ethnic group in Hawaii.
Francisco Javier "Javi" García Fernández (born 8 February 1987) is a Spanish professional footballer who plays for Real Betis.
Jeremiah Clayton "Jeremy" Davis (born February 8, 1985) is an American musician and songwriter.
Jermaine Anderson (born February 8, 1983) is a Canadian professional basketball player who last played for Châlons-Reims of the LNB Pro A. He is a veteran member of the Canadian national basketball team.
James Henry Neidhart (born February 8, 1955) is an American retired professional wrestler, best known for his appearances in the 1980s and 1990s in the World Wrestling Federation as Jim "The Anvil" Neidhart, where he was a two-time WWF Tag Team Champion with Bret Hart as The Hart Foundation.
James Conrad Verraros (born February 8, 1983) is an American singer, songwriter, and actor, who placed ninth on the first season of American Idol. Raised by deaf parents, he is fluent in American Sign Language and gained notoriety on American Idol for signing the lyrics to his audition song.
Joseph John Maddon Jr. (born February 8, 1954) is an American professional baseball manager for the Chicago Cubs of Major League Baseball (MLB).
Joseph Guilherme Raposo, OIH (February 8, 1937 – February 5, 1989) was a Portuguese-American composer, songwriter, pianist, television writer and lyricist, best known for his work on the children's television series Sesame Street, for which he wrote the theme song, as well as classic songs such as "Bein' Green" and "C Is For Cookie".
John Fitzgerald "Jack" Kennedy (May 29, 1917 – November 22, 1963), commonly referred to by his initials JFK, was an American politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
John Richard Filan (born 8 February 1970 in Sydney, Australia) is an Australian former football player, who is currently assistant manager at League One side Shrewsbury Town.
John Ray Grisham Jr. (born February 8, 1955).
John Hay Whitney (August 17, 1904 – February 8, 1982), colloquially known as Jock Whitney, was U.S. Ambassador to the United Kingdom, publisher of the New York Herald Tribune, and president of the Museum of Modern Art.
John Patrick Murtha Jr. (June 17, 1932 – February 8, 2010) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Pennsylvania.
John Ruskin (8 February 1819 – 20 January 1900) was the leading English art critic of the Victorian era, as well as an art patron, draughtsman, watercolourist, a prominent social thinker and philanthropist.
John V Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Ίωάννης Ε' Παλαιολόγος, Iōannēs V Palaiologos; 18 June 1332 – 16 February 1391) was a Byzantine emperor, who succeeded his father in 1341 at age of eight.
John VI Kantakouzenos, Cantacuzenus, or Cantacuzene (Ἰωάννης ΣΤʹ Καντακουζηνός, Iōannēs ST′ Kantakouzēnos; Johannes Cantacuzenus; – 15 June 1383) was a Greek nobleman, statesman, and general.
John von Neumann (Neumann János Lajos,; December 28, 1903 – February 8, 1957) was a Hungarian-American mathematician, physicist, computer scientist, and polymath.
John Towner Williams (born February 8, 1932) is an American composer, conductor, and pianist.
José Francisco de San Martín y Matorras (25 February 1778 – 17 August 1850), known simply as José de San Martín or El Libertador of Argentina, Chile and Peru, was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire who served as the Protector of Peru.
José María Canlás Sison (born February 8, 1939) is a Filipino writer and activist who founded the Communist Party of the Philippines and added elements of Maoism to its philosophy.
Joseph Leopold Eybler (8 February 1765 – 24 July 1846) was an Austrian composer and contemporary of Mozart.
Joseph Alois Schumpeter (8 February 1883 – 8 January 1950) was an Austrian political economist.
Josephine Margaret Bakhita, F.D.C.C., (ca. 1869 – 8 February 1947) was a Sudanese-born former slave who became a Canossian Religious Sister in Italy, living and working there for 45 years.
Joshua Walter Kimmich (born 8 February 1995) is a German professional footballer who plays primarily as a right back for Bayern Munich and the Germany national team.
Grand Marshal Juan Gregorio de Las Heras (July 11, 1780 – February 15, 1866) was an Argentine soldier who took part in the Spanish American wars of independence and was also a governor of the province of Buenos Aires.
Jules Gabriel Verne (Longman Pronunciation Dictionary.; 8 February 1828 – 24 March 1905) was a French novelist, poet, and playwright.
Julian Lincoln Simon (February 12, 1932 – February 8, 1998) was an American professor of business administration at the University of Maryland and a Senior Fellow at the Cato Institute at the time of his death, after previously serving as a longtime economics and business professor at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
Quintorris Lopez "Julio" Jones (born February 8, 1989) is an American football wide receiver for the Atlanta Falcons of the National Football League (NFL).
Julius "Julie" Schwartz (June 19, 1915 – February 8, 2004) was a comic book editor, and a science fiction agent and prominent fan.
Saint Iuventius (or Iuvence) was a bishop of Pavia during the 1st century.
The Georgios Karaiskakis Stadium (Στάδιο Γεώργιος Καραϊσκάκης) is a football stadium in the Neo Faliro area of Piraeus, near Athens, Greece.
The Karaiskakis Stadium disaster was an incident that occurred on 8 February 1981, in the Karaiskakis Stadium in Neo Faliro, Piraeus, Greece, after the conclusion of a football match between Olympiacos and AEK Athens.
Karine Chemla (born February 8, 1957) is a French historian of mathematics and sinologist who works as a director of research at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS).
Kate Chopin (/ʃəʊpan/, born Katherine O'Flaherty; February 8, 1850 – August 22, 1904), was an American author of short stories and novels based in Louisiana.
Keegan Orry Meth (born 8 February 1988) is a Zimbabwean cricketer.
Robert Kenedy Nunes Nascimento (born 8 February 1996), commonly known as Kenedy, is a Brazilian professional footballer who plays as a winger or as a left-back for Premier League club Chelsea.
Khaled Mashud (খালেদ মাসুদ) (born 8 February 1976 in Rajshahi) is a Bangladeshi cricketer.
The King James Version (KJV), also known as the King James Bible (KJB) or simply the Version (AV), is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England, begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.
King Wallis Vidor (February 8, 1894 – November 1, 1982) was an American film director, film producer, and screenwriter whose career spanned nearly seven decades.
Kirk Christopher Muller (born February 8, 1966) is a retired professional ice hockey wing who played in the National Hockey League for 19 seasons from 1984–85 until 2002–03.
Klay Alexander Thompson (born February 8, 1990) is an American professional basketball player for the Golden State Warriors of the National Basketball Association (NBA).
The Korps Marechaussee te voet (literally "marshal corps on foot") were a colonial gendarmerie of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army (KNIL), principally used for counter-insurgency in the Dutch East Indies.
Lana Turner (born Julia Jean Turner; February 8, 1921June 29, 1995) was an American actress who worked in film, television, theater, and radio.
Laos (ລາວ,, Lāo; Laos), officially the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao: ສາທາລະນະລັດ ປະຊາທິປະໄຕ ປະຊາຊົນລາວ, Sathalanalat Paxathipatai Paxaxon Lao; République démocratique populaire lao), commonly referred to by its colloquial name of Muang Lao (Lao: ເມືອງລາວ, Muang Lao), is a landlocked country in the heart of the Indochinese peninsula of Mainland Southeast Asia, bordered by Myanmar (Burma) and China to the northwest, Vietnam to the east, Cambodia to the southwest and Thailand to the west and southwest.
Lüshunkou District (also Lyushunkou District) is a district of Dalian, in Liaoning province, China.
Leiden University (abbreviated as LEI; Universiteit Leiden), founded in the city of Leiden, is the oldest university in the Netherlands.
Count Levin August Gottlieb Theophil von Bennigsen (10 February 1745 in Braunschweig – 3 December 1826 in Banteln) was a German general in the service of the Russian Empire.
The Lieutenant Governor of Quebec (French (masculine): Lieutenant-gouverneur du Québec, or (feminine): Lieutenante-gouverneure du Québec) is the viceregal representative in Quebec of the, who operates distinctly within the province but is also shared equally with the ten other jurisdictions of Canada, as well as the other Commonwealth realms and any subdivisions thereof, and resides predominantly in oldest realm, the United Kingdom.
The United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom (known formally in the United Kingdom as Ambassador of the United States to the Court of St James's) is the official representative of the President and the Government of the United States of America to the Queen and Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
Governors of Arab Egypt (640–1250) and Mamluk Egypt (1250–1517).
Liverpool Cathedral is the Church of England Cathedral of the Diocese of Liverpool, built on St James's Mount in Liverpool and is the seat of the Bishop of Liverpool.
Alonzo "Lonnie" Johnson (February 8, 1899 – June 16, 1970) was an American blues and jazz singer, guitarist, violinist and songwriter.
Below is a list of people who have served as Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
Luis Alberto Spinetta (23 January 1950 – 8 February 2012), nicknamed "El flaco" (Spanish for "the skinny "), was an Argentine singer, guitarist, composer and poet.
Luis de Carvajal (sometimes Luis de Carabajal y de la Cueva) (c. 1537–1591) was governor of the Spanish province of Nuevo León in present-day Mexico, an alleged slave trader, and the first Spanish subject known to have entered Texas from Mexico across the lower Rio Grande.
Mahāyāna (Sanskrit for "Great Vehicle") is one of two (or three, if Vajrayana is counted separately) main existing branches of Buddhism and a term for classification of Buddhist philosophies and practice.
Maicon Pereira de Oliveira (8 May 1988 – 8 February 2014) commonly known as Maicon, was a Brazilian footballer who played in the Ukrainian Premier League for most of his professional career.
Manuel Osborne-Paradis (born February 8, 1984) is a Canadian World Cup alpine ski racer.
Margaret Forster (25 May 1938 – 8 February 2016) was an English novelist, biographer, memoirist, historian and literary critic.
Maria Osmarina Marina Silva Vaz de Lima (born 8 February 1958) is a Brazilian politician.
Francisco das Chagas Marinho (8 February 1952 – 31 May 2014), generally known as Marinho Chagas or Francisco Marinho, was a Brazilian association footballer.
Márkos Vamvakáris (Μάρκος Βαμβακάρης; 10 May 1905 – 8 February 1972), was a rebetiko musician.
Marques Kevin Johnson (born February 8, 1956) is an American retired professional basketball player.
Martin Buber (מרטין בובר; Martin Buber; מארטין בובער; February 8, 1878 – June 13, 1965) was an Austrian-born Israeli Jewish philosopher best known for his philosophy of dialogue, a form of existentialism centered on the distinction between the I–Thou relationship and the I–It relationship.
Mary II (30 April 1662 – 28 December 1694) was Queen of England, Scotland, and Ireland, co-reigning with her husband and first cousin, King William III and II, from 1689 until her death; popular histories usually refer to their joint reign as that of William and Mary.
Mary Catherine McCormack (born February 8, 1969) is an American actress.
Mary Robinette Kowal (born February 8, 1969 as Mary Robinette Harrison) is an American author and puppeteer.
Mary Nell Steenburgen (born February 8, 1953) is an American actress and occasional singer.
Mary, Queen of Scots (8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587), also known as Mary Stuart or Mary I, reigned over Scotland from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567.
Maureen Dragone (January 20, 1920 – February 8, 2013) was an American journalist and author.
Maurice Maillot (18 September 1906 in Rethel, Ardennes – 8 February 1968 in Paris) was a French film and theater actor.
Maurice Papon (3 September 1910 – 17 February 2007) was a French civil servant from the 1930s.
Mauricio Macri (born 8 February 1959) is the current President of Argentina and has been in office since 2015.
Maxime Du Camp (8 February 1822 – 9 February 1894) was a French writer and photographer.
Medina (المدينة المنورة,, "the radiant city"; or المدينة,, "the city"), also transliterated as Madīnah, is a city in the Hejaz region of the Arabian Peninsula and administrative headquarters of the Al-Madinah Region of Saudi Arabia.
Saint Meingold (Mengold, Meingaud) (died 892) is said to have been count of Huy, who was murdered by his opponents in 892.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico (Ciudad de México,; abbreviated as CDMX), is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America.
Michael Christopher de Brenni (born 8 February 1978) is an Australian politician.
Mikhail Petrovich Devyatayev (Михаил Петрович Девятаев; Moksha/Erzya: Михаил Петрович Девятаев; 8 July 1917 – 24 November 2002) was a Soviet fighter pilot known for his incredible escape from a Nazi concentration camp on the island of Usedom, in the Baltic Sea.
The Minister for Foreign Affairs handles the Finnish Government's foreign policy and relations, and is in charge of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs.
The Minister of National Defence (Ministre de la Défense nationale) is a Minister of the Crown and is the politician within the Cabinet of Canada responsible for the management and direction of all matters relating to the national defence of Canada.
Mohammad Azharuddin is an Indian politician and former cricketer.
The Mongol Empire (Mongolian: Mongolyn Ezent Güren; Mongolian Cyrillic: Монголын эзэнт гүрэн;; also Орда ("Horde") in Russian chronicles) existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and was the largest contiguous land empire in history.
Moses Gomberg (February 8, 1866 – February 12, 1947) was a chemistry professor at the University of Michigan.
Mountbatten-Windsor is the personal surname used by some of the male-line descendants of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Ṭughj ibn Juff ibn Yiltakīn ibn Fūrān ibn Fūrī ibn Khāqān (8 February 882 – 24 July 946), better known by the title al-Ikhshīd (الإخشيد) after 939, was an Abbasid commander and governor who became the autonomous ruler of Egypt and parts of Syria (or Levant) from 935 until his death in 946.
Myriam Montemayor Cruz (born February 8, 1981, Monterrey, Nuevo León, Mexico), better known as Myriam, is a Mexican recording artist, known for winning the first season of Mexican talent show Cruz Munoz.
Nam Woo-hyun (born February 8, 1991), commonly known by his mononym Woohyun, is a South Korean singer and actor with the boy band Infinite.
Nancy Holt (April 5, 1938 – February 8, 2014) was an American artist most known for her public sculpture, installation art and land art.
The Nasdaq Stock Market is an American stock exchange.
Native Americans, also known as American Indians, Indians, Indigenous Americans and other terms, are the indigenous peoples of the United States.
Nazi Germany maintained concentration camps (Konzentrationslager, KZ or KL) throughout the territories it controlled before and during the Second World War.
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast.
Neal Leon Cassady (February 8, 1926 – February 4, 1968) was a major figure of the Beat Generation of the 1950s and the psychedelic and counterculture movements of the 1960s.
Nevada (see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America.
Nevin Stewart Scrimshaw (January 20, 1918 – February 8, 2013) was an American food scientist and Institute Professor emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Nexhmije Hoxha (born February 8, 1921) is the widow of Albanian communist leader Enver Hoxha.
Nicholas King Nolte (born February 8, 1941) is an American actor, producer, author, and former model.
Nicolas Vouilloz (born 8 February 1976 in Nice, France) is a French former professional mountain biker and rally driver.
Muqtida Hasan Nida Fazli, known as Nida Fazli (12 October 1938 – 8 February 2016), was a prominent Indian Hindi and Urdu poet, lyricist and dialogue writer.
Niels Arestrup (born 8 February 1949) is a French actor, film director and screenwriter.
Nicole Rachel Yanofsky (born February 8, 1994) is a jazz-pop singer from Montreal, Quebec.
Nikos Xylouris (Νίκος Ξυλούρης; 7 July 1936 – 8 February 1980), nicknamed Psaronikos (Ψαρονίκος), was a Greek composer and singer.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry (Nobelpriset i kemi) is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry.
The Nobel Prize in Literature (Nobelpriset i litteratur) is a Swedish literature prize that has been awarded annually, since 1901, to an author from any country who has, in the words of the will of Swedish industrialist Alfred Nobel, produced "in the field of literature the most outstanding work in an ideal direction" (original Swedish: "den som inom litteraturen har producerat det mest framstående verket i en idealisk riktning").
The Nobel Prize in Physics (Nobelpriset i fysik) is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who conferred the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (Nobelpriset i fysiologi eller medicin), administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded once a year for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine.
North Sumatra (Sumatera Utara) is a province of Indonesia.
Olympiacos S.F.P. Football Club (ΠΑΕ Ολυμπιακός Σ.Φ.Π.), also known simply as Olympiacos, Olympiakos, Olympiacos Piraeus or with its full name as Olympiacos C.F.P. (Oλυμπιακός Σύνδεσμος Φιλάθλων Πειραιώς Olympiakós Sýndesmos Filáthlo̱n Peiraió̱s, "Olympic Association of Piraeus Sportsmen"), is a Greek professional football club, part of the major multi-sport club Olympiacos CFP, based in Piraeus, Attica.
Ong Teng Cheong (22 January 1936 – 8 February 2002), was a Singaporean politician and businessman who was President of Singapore from 1993 to 1999.
Operation Lam Son 719 or 9th Route - Southern Laos Campaign (Chiến dịch Lam Sơn 719 or Chiến dịch đường 9 – Nam Lào) was a limited-objective offensive campaign conducted in the southeastern portion of the Kingdom of Laos.
Operation Veritable (also known as the Battle of the Reichswald) was the northern part of an Allied pincer movement that took place between 8 February and 11 March 1945 during the final stages of the Second World War.
The Orangeburg massacre refers to the shooting of protesters by South Carolina Highway Patrol officers in Orangeburg, South Carolina, on the South Carolina State University campus on the evening of February 8, 1968.
Orangeburg, also known as The Garden City, is the principal city in and the county seat of Orangeburg County, South Carolina, United States.
An Order in Council is a type of legislation in many countries, especially the Commonwealth realms.
Orthodoxy (from Greek ὀρθοδοξία orthodoxía "right opinion") is adherence to correct or accepted creeds, especially in religion.
Outer space, or just space, is the expanse that exists beyond the Earth and between celestial bodies.
Panagiotis Vasilopoulos (alternate spellings: Panayiotis, Vassilopoulos) (Greek: Παναγιώτης "Πάνος" Βασιλόπουλος; born February 8, 1984) is a Greek professional basketball player for AEK Athens of the Greek Basket League.
Parinirvana Day, or Nirvana Day is a Mahayana Buddhist holiday celebrated in East Asia.
The Paris massacre of 1961 occurred on 17 October 1961, during the Algerian War (1954–62).
Patriarch of Antioch is a traditional title held by the Bishop of Antioch.
Paula Modersohn-Becker (8 February 1876 – 30 November 1907) was a German painter and one of the most important representatives of early expressionism.
Paul Lawrence Fuemana (8 February 1969 – 31 January 2010) was a Niuean-New Zealand singer, songwriter and musician.
A peasant is a pre-industrial agricultural laborer or farmer, especially one living in the Middle Ages under feudalism and paying rent, tax, fees or services to a landlord.
Peenemünde ("Peene Mouth") is a municipality on the Baltic Sea island of Usedom in the Vorpommern-Greifswald district in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany.
The People's Army of Vietnam (PAVN; Quân Đội Nhân Dân Việt Nam), also known as the Vietnamese People's Army (VPA), is the military force of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.
Pyotr Alexeevich Kropotkin (Пётр Алексе́евич Кропо́ткин; December 9, 1842 – February 8, 1921) was a Russian activist, revolutionary, scientist and philosopher who advocated anarcho-communism.
Sir Peter Mansfield FRS (9 October 1933 – 8 February 2017) was an English physicist who was awarded the 2003 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, shared with Paul Lauterbur, for discoveries concerning Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).
Peter the Great (ˈpʲɵtr vʲɪˈlʲikʲɪj), Peter I (ˈpʲɵtr ˈpʲɛrvɨj) or Peter Alexeyevich (p; –)Dates indicated by the letters "O.S." are in the Julian calendar with the start of year adjusted to 1 January.
Petra Cetkovská (born 8 February 1985 in Prostějov, Czechoslovakia) is a professional tennis player from the Czech Republic.
Phalerum (Ancient Greek: Φάληρον, Phálēron; Modern Greek: Φάληρο, Fáliro) was a port of Ancient Athens, 5 km southwest of the Acropolis of Athens, on a bay of the Saronic Gulf.
Pico Alto (literally high/tall peak) is the highest point,, on the island of Santa Maria, in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores.
The Prešeren Day, the full name being Prešeren Day, the Slovene Cultural Holiday (Prešernov dan, slovenski kulturni praznik), is a public holiday celebrated in Slovenia on 8 February.
In France, a Prefecture of Police (Préfecture de police), headed by the Prefect of Police (Préfet de police), is an agency of the Government of France (and part of the French National Police) which provides the police force for one or some départements.
The President of the Argentine Nation (Presidente de la Nación Argentina), usually known as the President of Argentina, is both head of state and head of government of Argentina.
The President of the Republic of India is the head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.
The President of the Republic of Singapore is the country's head of state.
The President of the Philippines (Pangulo ng Pilipinas, informally referred to as Presidente ng Pilipinas; or in Presidente de Filipinas) is the head of state and head of government of the Philippines.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
The Prime Minister of Iraq is Iraq's head of government.
The Prime Minister of Myanmar was the head of government of Myanmar (also known as Burma) from 1948 to 2011.
Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (30 November 1719 – 8 February 1772) was Princess of Wales by marriage to Frederick, Prince of Wales.
Proclus Lycaeus (8 February 412 – 17 April 485 AD), called the Successor (Greek Πρόκλος ὁ Διάδοχος, Próklos ho Diádokhos), was a Greek Neoplatonist philosopher, one of the last major classical philosophers (see Damascius).
Propose Day is an unofficial holiday celebrated on February 8 in India, Nepal and Bangladesh.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
Przemysł II (also given in English and Latin as Premyslas or Premislaus or less properly Przemysław; 14 October 1257 – 8 February 1296), was the Duke of Poznań from 1257–1279, of Greater Poland from 1279–1296, of Kraków from 1290–1291, and Gdańsk Pomerania (Pomerelia) from 1294–1296, and then King of Poland from 1295 until his death.
A queen regnant (plural: queens regnant) is a female monarch, equivalent in rank to a king, who reigns in her own right, in contrast to a queen consort, who is the wife of a reigning king, or a queen regent, who is the guardian of a child monarch and reigns temporarily in the child's stead.
Racial segregation is the separation of people into racial or other ethnic groups in daily life.
The Ramadan Revolution, also referred to as the 8 February Revolution and the February 1963 coup d'état in Iraq, was a military coup by the Ba'ath Party's Iraqi-wing which overthrew the Prime Minister of Iraq, Abd al-Karim Qasim in 1963.
Rauni-Leena Tellervo Luukanen-Kilde née Valve (15 November 1939 – 8 February 2015) was a Finnish physician who wrote and lectured on parapsychology, ufology and mind control.
Raymond Scott (born Harry Warnow, September 10, 1908 – February 8, 1994) was an American composer, band leader, pianist, engineer, recording studio maverick, and electronic instrument inventor.
The red telephone box, a telephone kiosk for a public telephone designed by Sir Giles Gilbert Scott, is a familiar sight on the streets of the United Kingdom, Malta, Bermuda and Gibraltar.
The Revised Standard Version (RSV) is an English translation of the Bible published in 1952 by the Division of Christian Education of the National Council of Churches.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
Richard Mentor Johnson (October 17, 1780 – November 19, 1850) was the ninth Vice President of the United States from 1837 to 1841.
Richard Stoddert Ewell (February 8, 1817 – January 25, 1872) was a career United States Army officer and a Confederate general during the American Civil War.
Robert Burton (8 February 1577 – 25 January 1640) was an English scholar at Oxford University, best known for the classic The Anatomy of Melancholy.
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, KG, PC (10 November 1565 – 25 February 1601), was an English nobleman and a favourite of Elizabeth I. Politically ambitious, and a committed general, he was placed under house arrest following a poor campaign in Ireland during the Nine Years' War in 1599.
Robert I (25 September 1216 – 8 February 1250), called the Good, was the first Count of Artois, the fifth (and second surviving) son of Louis VIII of France and Blanche of Castile.
Robert Klein (born February 8, 1942) is an American stand-up comedian, singer and actor.
Sir Robert Robinson (13 September 1886 – 8 February 1975) was a British organic chemist and Nobel laureate recognised in 1947 for his research on plant dyestuffs (anthocyanins) and alkaloids.
Robert Rollock (c. 1545 – 8 February 1599) was the first regent and first principal of the University of Edinburgh, and an influential Biblical scholar and theologian of the Scottish Reformation following after the work and ministry of John Knox.
Roberto Soriano (born 8 February 1991) is an Italian professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Spanish club Villarreal CF and the Italian national team.
Roger William Byrne (8 February 1929 – 6 February 1958) was an English footballer and captain of Manchester United.
Roger Lloyd-Pack (8 February 1944 – 15 January 2014) was an English actor.
Roman Sergeyevich Kostomarov (Роман Серге́евич Костомаров, born 8 February 1977) is a Russian ice dancer.
The Royal Canadian Institute for Science, also known as the Royal Canadian Institute is an organization dedicated to the advancement of science.
The Royal Netherlands East Indies Army (Koninklijk Nederlands Indisch Leger; KNIL) was the military force maintained by the Netherlands in its colony of the Netherlands East Indies (also known as the Dutch East Indies), in areas that are now part of Indonesia.
The Russo–Japanese War (Russko-yaponskaya voina; Nichirosensō; 1904–05) was fought between the Russian Empire and the Empire of Japan over rival imperial ambitions in Manchuria and Korea.
Sir Sandford Fleming (January 7, 1827 – July 22, 1915) was a Scottish Canadian engineer and inventor.
Santa Maria Airport is an airport located west northwest of the urbanized area of Vila do Porto on the island of Santa Maria, in the Portuguese autonomous region of the Azores.
Santosh Sivan ASC, ISC (born 8 February 1964) is an Indian cinematographer, film director, producer and actor known for his works in Malayalam cinema, Tamil cinema, Telugu cinema, Hindi cinema.
Sebastião Ribeiro Salgado Júnior (born February 8, 1944) is a Brazilian social documentary photographer and photojournalist.
Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Health and Social Care (Secretary of State for Health until 8 January 2018) is a UK cabinet position responsible for the National Health Service (NHS).
Seth Benjamin Green (born Seth Benjamin Gesshel-Green; February 8, 1974) is an American actor, voice artist, comedian, producer, writer and director.
The Seventh Crusade was a crusade led by Louis IX of France from 1248 to 1254.
Saint Severus the Great of Antioch (Greek: Σεβῆρος; ܣܘܪܘܣ ܕܐܢܛܝܘܟܝܐ), also known as Severus of Gaza, was the Patriarch of Antioch, and head of the Syriac Orthodox Church, from 512 until his death in 538.
Sherri Schrull (born Sherri Russell, February 8, 1958 – June 15, 2007) was an American professional wrestler and manager, better known by her ring names, Sherri Martel and Sensational Sherri.
Sidney Gerald "Sid" Abel (February 22, 1918February 8, 2000) was a Canadian Hall of Fame hockey player, coach and general manager in the National Hockey League, most notably for the Detroit Red Wings, and was a member of three Stanley Cup-winning teams in 1943, 1950, and 1952.
Sindh (سنڌ; سِندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan, in the southeast of the country.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Skylab was the United States' space station that orbited the Earth from 1973 to 1979, when it fell back to Earth amid huge worldwide media attention.
Skylab 4 (also SL-4 and SLM-3) was the third manned Skylab mission and placed the third and final crew aboard the first American space station.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
Reginald Leslie "Snowy" Baker (8 February 18842 December 1953) was an Australian athlete, sports promoter, and actor.
South Carolina State University (often referred to as SCSU or SC State) is a four-year historically black university located in Orangeburg, South Carolina, United States.
South Kalimantan (Kalimantan Selatan) is a province of Indonesia.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
A space station, also known as an orbital station or an orbital space station, is a spacecraft capable of supporting crewmembers, which is designed to remain in space (most commonly as an artificial satellite in low Earth orbit) for an extended period of time and for other spacecraft to dock.
The Sri Lankan Civil War was an armed conflict fought on the island of Sri Lanka.
St Botolph's Aldgate is a Church of England parish church in the City of London and also, as it lies outside the line of the city's former eastern walls, a part of the East End of London.
St Leonard's, Shoreditch is the ancient parish church of Shoreditch, often known simply as Shoreditch Church.
Stanley Armour Dunham (March 23, 1918February 8, 1992) was the maternal grandfather of the 44th U.S. President Barack Obama.
The Ministry for State Security (Ministerium für Staatssicherheit, MfS) or State Security Service (Staatssicherheitsdienst, SSD), commonly known as the Stasi, was the official state security service of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).
Stephanie Courtney (born February 8, 1970) is an American actress and comedian, best known for playing the advertising character Flo in television and radio commercials for Progressive Corporation beginning in 2008, and noted for her recurring roles on several television series, including the voices of Renee the Receptionist and Joy Peters on the Adult Swim comedy Tom Goes to the Mayor (2004–06), Marge on the AMC drama Mad Men (2007); and Diane on the ABC comedy Cavemen (2007).
Saint Stephen of Muret (Étienne de Muret) (1045 – February 8, 1124) was the founder of the Abbey of Grandmont (the mother house) and the Order of Grandmont.
Lohoré Steve Ulrich Gohouri (8 February 1981 – December 2015), known as Steve Gohouri, was an Ivorian professional footballer who played as a defender.
A stock index or stock market index is a measurement of a section of the stock market.
The Sveti Sedmochislenitsi Church (църква „Свети Седмочисленици“) is a Bulgarian Orthodox church in Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria.
Swallow Sidecar Company,The first of three trading names used by W. Walmsley and W. Lyons for their manufacturing business.
The Sydney Riot of 1879 was an instance of civil disorder that occurred at an early international cricket match.
Tara Claire Palmer-Tomkinson (23 December 1971 – 8 February 2017), also known as T P-T, was an English socialite and television personality.
Edward James Martin Koppel (born February 8, 1940) is a British-born American broadcast journalist, best known as the anchor for Nightline, from the program's inception in 1980 until 2005.
Terrence Paul Melcher (born Terrence Paul Jorden, February 8, 1942 – November 19, 2004) was an American musician and record producer who was instrumental in shaping the 1960s California Sound and folk rock movements, particularly during the nascent counterculture era.
The Birth of a Nation (originally called The Clansman) is a 1915 American silent epic drama film directed and co-produced by D. W. Griffith and starring Lillian Gish.
Geheimrat Julius Wilhelm Theodor Curtius (27 May 1857 – 8 February 1928) was professor of Chemistry at Heidelberg University and elsewhere.
Thierry Fortineau (9 February 1953 – 8 February 2006) was a French actor.
The Thirteenth Amendment (Amendment XIII) to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.
Thomas Cecil, 1st Earl of Exeter, KG (5 May 1542 – 8 February 1623), known as Lord Burghley from 1598 to 1605, was an English politician and soldier.
Thomas Etholen Selfridge (February 8, 1882 – September 17, 1908) was the first person to die in an airplane crash.
Tom Rush (born February 8, 1941) is an American folk and blues singer, songwriter, musician and recording artist.
Anthony Francis Malinosky (October 7, 1909February 8, 2011) was a third baseman and shortstop in Major League baseball who played 35 games for the Brooklyn Dodgers in the season.
A modern torpedo is a self-propelled weapon with an explosive warhead, launched above or below the water surface, propelled underwater towards a target, and designed to detonate either on contact with its target or in proximity to it.
Sarah-Jane Duncanson "Trinny" Woodall (born 8 February 1964) is a British fashion and make-over advisor, designer, television presenter and author.
Duke Ulrich of Württemberg (8 February 14876 November 1550) succeeded his kinsman Eberhard II as Duke of Württemberg in 1498.
The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
Universal Time (UT) is a time standard based on Earth's rotation.
Usedom (Usedom, Uznam) is a Baltic Sea island in Pomerania, divided since 1945 between Germany and Poland.
Vettius Valens (February 8, 120 – c. 175) was a 2nd-century Hellenistic astrologer, a somewhat younger contemporary of Claudius Ptolemy.
The Vice President of the United States (informally referred to as VPOTUS, or Veep) is a constitutional officer in the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States as the President of the Senate under Article I, Section 3, Clause 4, of the United States Constitution, as well as the second highest executive branch officer, after the President of the United States.
Viktor Schwanneke (8 February 1880 – 7 June 1931) was a German stage director and actor, writer and film actor whose acting career began at the turn of the 20th century.
Vincent Neil Wharton (born February 8, 1961) is an American vocalist and musician, best known as the lead vocalist of heavy metal band Mötley Crüe.
Violette Verdy (born Nelly Armande Guillerm; 1 December 1933 – 8 February 2016) was a French ballerina, choreographer, teacher, and writer who worked as a dance company director with the Paris Opera Ballet in France and the Boston Ballet in the United States.
Vital-Justin Grandin (8 February 1829 – 3 June 1902) was a Roman Catholic priest and bishop who served the Church in the western parts of what is now Canada both before and after Confederation.
Vladimir (a) is a city and the administrative center of Vladimir Oblast, Russia, located on the Klyazma River, to the east of Moscow.
Walther Wilhelm Georg Bothe (8 January 1891 – 8 February 1957) was a German nuclear physicist, who shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1954 with Max Born.
Wanderley Alves dos Reis, better known as Wando (October 2, 1945 – February 8, 2012), was a Brazilian singer-songwriter.
Warren Gamaliel Harding (November 2, 1865 – August 2, 1923) was an American politician who served as the 29th President of the United States from 1921 until his death in 1923.
In historiography, the Western Roman Empire refers to the western provinces of the Roman Empire at any one time during which they were administered by a separate independent Imperial court, coequal with that administering the eastern half, then referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
William Dickson Boyce (June 16, 1858 – June 11, 1929) was an American newspaper man, entrepreneur, magazine publisher, and explorer.
Sir William Longespée (c. 1212 – 8 February 1250) was an English knight and crusader, the son of William Longespée and Ela, Countess of Salisbury.
William III (Willem; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702), also widely known as William of Orange, was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672 and King of England, Ireland and Scotland from 1689 until his death in 1702.
William Joseph Donovan (January 1, 1883 – February 8, 1959) was an American soldier, lawyer, intelligence officer and diplomat.
Sir William Lyons (4 September 1901 – 8 February 1985), known as "Mr.
William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, educator, and author.
Williamsburg is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Xerography or electrophotography is a dry photocopying technique.
Yaroslav II (Яросла́в II Все́володович), Christian name Theodor (Феодо́р) (8 February 1191 – 30 September 1246) was the Grand Prince of Vladimir (1238–1246) who helped to restore his country and capital after the Mongol invasion of Russia.
Yordan Milanov (Йордан Миланов; 1867–1932) was a Bulgarian architect.
Zachary Robert Guildford (born 8 February 1989) is a New Zealand rugby union player of Maori descent who plays for Waikato in the Mitre 10 Cup.
Zakir Husain Khan (8 February 1897 – 3 May 1969) was the third President of India, from 13 May 1967 until his death on 3 May 1969.
Year 1135 (MCXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1191 (MCXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 120 (CXX) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1204 (MCCIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1238 (MCCXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1250 (MCCL) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1265 (MCCLXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1291 (MCCXCI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1296 (MCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1314 (MCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1347 (MCCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar, and a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.
Year 1382 (MCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1405 (MCDV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1487 (MCDLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1514 (MDXIV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1537 (MDXXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1552 (MDLII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1575 (MDLXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 1577 (MDLXXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
January 1 of this year (1601-01-01) is used as the base of file dates and of Active Directory Logon dates by Microsoft Windows.
As of March 1 (O.S. February 19), when the Julian calendar acknowledged a leap day and the Gregorian calendar did not, the Julian calendar fell one day further behind, bringing the difference to 11 days until 1799.
In the Swedish calendar it was a common year starting on Friday, one day ahead of the Julian and ten days behind the Gregorian calendar.
Various sources, including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, use the year 1750 as a baseline year for the end of the pre-industrial era.
It is known in European history as a rather tumultuous year with the Revolutions of 1830 in France, Belgium, Poland, Switzerland and Italy.
In Germany, 1888 is known as the Year of the Three Emperors.
A highlight was the race for the South Pole.
This year saw the beginning of what became known as World War I, after an heir to the Austrian throne was assassinated by a Serbian nationalist.
Below, the events of World War I have the "WWI" prefix.
This year is famous for the end of the First World War, on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, as well as for the flu pandemic, that killed 50-100 million people worldwide.
This year marked the end of a period known in American history as the Roaring Twenties after the Wall Street Crash of 1929 ushered in a worldwide Great Depression.
This year also marks the start of the Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, the events of World War II have the "WWII" acronym.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
Below, events of World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
This year also marks the end of the Second World War, the deadliest conflict in human history.
It is also known as the "Year of Africa" because of major events—particularly the independence of seventeen African nations—that focused global attention on the continent and intensified feelings of Pan-Africanism.
As MAD Magazine pointed out on its cover for the March 1961 issue, this was the first "upside-up" year — i.e., one in which the numerals that form the year look the same as when the numerals are rotated upside down, a strobogrammatic number — since 1881.
This was the year of the Protests of 1968.
The year is associated with the first manned landing on the Moon (Apollo 11).
The world population increased by 2.1% this year, the highest increase in history.
Within the context of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) it was the longest year ever, as two leap seconds were added during this 366-day year, an event which has not since been repeated.
It was also declared the International Women's Year by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe.
The year 1983 saw both the official beginning of the Internet and the first mobile cellular telephone call.
The 1983 Melbourne dust storm was a meteorological phenomenon that occurred during the afternoon of 8 February 1983, throughout much of Victoria, Australia and affected the capital, Melbourne.
The year 1985 was designated as the International Youth Year by the United Nations.
The year 1986 was designated as the International Year of Peace by the United Nations.
In the 20th century, the year 1988 has the most Roman numeral digits (11).
1989 was a turning point in political history because a wave of revolutions swept the Eastern Bloc in Europe, starting in Poland and Hungary, with experiments in power sharing, coming to a head with the opening of the Berlin Wall in November, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, embracing the overthrow of the communist dictatorship in Romania in December, and ending in December 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen, the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika.
It was the year that is usually considered the final year of the Cold War that had begun in the late 1940s.
1992 was designated as.
The year 1994 was designated as the "International Year of the Family" and the "International Year of Sport and the Olympic Ideal" by the United Nations.
This was the first year that the Internet was entirely privatized, with the United States government no longer providing public funding.
1996 was designated as.
1998 was designated as the International Year of the Ocean.
1999 was designated as the International Year of Older Persons.
2000 was designated as.
2001 was designated as.
2002 was designated as.
2004 was designated as.
2005 was designated as.
2006 was designated as.
2007 was designated as.
2010 was designated as.
The 2010 Salang avalanches consisted of a series of at least 36 avalanches that struck the southern approach to the Salang tunnel, north of Kabul.
2011 was designated as.
2012 was designated as.
2013 was designated as.
2014 was designated as.
The 2014 Medina hotel fire was a hotel fire that occurred in a hotel in Medina, Saudi Arabia.
2015 was designated as.
2016 was designated as.
2017 was designated as International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development by the United Nations General Assembly.
Year 412 (CDXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 421 (CDXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 538 (DXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Year 882 (DCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.