125 relations: Adobe, Anus, Archaeology, Asian palm civet, Autotroph, Baby talk, Bacteria, Bat, Bezoar, Bile, Bilirubin, Biogeochemical cycle, Bird, Bison, Black Ivory Coffee, Breastfeeding, Brocadia anammoxidans, Camel, Carnivora, Carpet, Caterpillar, Cattle, Cement, Cloaca, Coffee, Coffee bean, Colloquialism, Constipation, Coprolite, Coprophagia, Coprophilia, Coprophilous fungi, Cow dung, Deer, Defecation, Detritivore, Detritus, Diet (nutrition), Disgust, DNA, Dry dung fuel, Dung beetle, Earthworm, Elephant, Euphemism, Excretion, Fecal microbiota transplant, Fecal plug, Fertilizer, Flatulence, ..., Fossil, Frass, Frugivore, Fruit, Giant panda, Green tea, Guano, Gut flora, Health, Health care, Hippopotamus, Horse, Human, Human feces, Hydrazine, Hydrogen sulfide, Indole, Insect, Kestrel, Koala, Kopi Luwak, Large intestine, Latin, Leaf beetle, Lipid, Litter box, Lugworm, Maillard reaction, Manure, Meconium, Medicine, Metabolic waste, Midden, Mucus, Mudbrick, New Latin, Night soil, Odor, Off-color humor, Otter, Paleofeces, Paleontology, Pile of Poo emoji, Plurale tantum, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Profanity, Red blood cell, Register (sociolinguistics), Sanitation, Scatology, Science, Scientific American, Seabird, Seed, Seed dispersal, Seed predation, Sensory nervous system, Shit, Skatole, Soil conditioner, Spraint, Stool test, Sulfur, Thailand, Thiol, Trace fossil, Ultraviolet, Unicode, Uric acid, Urine, Usage, Vermicompost, Wattle and daub, William Buckland, Zebra. Expand index (75 more) » « Shrink index
Adobe is a building material made from earth and other organic materials.
The anus (from Latin anus meaning "ring", "circle") is an opening at the opposite end of an animal's digestive tract from the mouth.
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
The Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) is a small viverrid native to South and Southeast Asia.
An autotroph ("self-feeding", from the Greek autos "self" and trophe "nourishing") or producer, is an organism that produces complex organic compounds (such as carbohydrates, fats, and proteins) from simple substances present in its surroundings, generally using energy from light (photosynthesis) or inorganic chemical reactions (chemosynthesis).
Baby talk is a type of speech associated with an older person speaking to a child.
Bacteria (common noun bacteria, singular bacterium) is a type of biological cell.
Bats are mammals of the order Chiroptera; with their forelimbs adapted as wings, they are the only mammals naturally capable of true and sustained flight.
A bezoar is a mass found trapped in the gastrointestinal system, though it can occur in other locations.
Bile or gall is a dark green to yellowish brown fluid, produced by the liver of most vertebrates, that aids the digestion of lipids in the small intestine.
Bilirubin is a yellow compound that occurs in the normal catabolic pathway that breaks down heme in vertebrates.
In geography and Earth science, a biogeochemical cycle or substance turnover or cycling of substances is a pathway by which a chemical substance moves through biotic (biosphere) and abiotic (lithosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere) compartments of Earth.
Birds, also known as Aves, are a group of endothermic vertebrates, characterised by feathers, toothless beaked jaws, the laying of hard-shelled eggs, a high metabolic rate, a four-chambered heart, and a strong yet lightweight skeleton.
Bison are large, even-toed ungulates in the genus Bison within the subfamily Bovinae.
Black Ivory Coffee is a brand of coffee produced by the Black Ivory Coffee Company Ltd in northern Thailand from Arabica coffee beans consumed by elephants and collected from their waste.
Breastfeeding, also known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast.
"Candidatus Brocadia anammoxidans" is a bacterial member of the order Planctomycetes and therefore lacks peptidoglycan in its cell wall, and has a compartmentalized cytoplasm.
A camel is an even-toed ungulate in the genus Camelus that bears distinctive fatty deposits known as "humps" on its back.
Carnivora (from Latin carō (stem carn-) "flesh" and vorāre "to devour") is a diverse scrotiferan order that includes over 280 species of placental mammals.
A carpet is a textile floor covering typically consisting of an upper layer of pile attached to a backing.
Caterpillars are the larval stage of members of the order Lepidoptera (the insect order comprising butterflies and moths).
Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates.
A cement is a binder, a substance used for construction that sets, hardens and adheres to other materials, binding them together.
In animal anatomy, a cloaca (plural cloacae or) is the posterior orifice that serves as the only opening for the digestive, reproductive, and urinary tracts (if present) of many vertebrate animals, opening at the vent.
Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.
A coffee bean is a seed of the coffee plant and the source for coffee.
Everyday language, everyday speech, common parlance, informal language, colloquial language, general parlance, or vernacular (but this has other meanings too), is the most used variety of a language, which is usually employed in conversation or other communication in informal situations.
Constipation refers to bowel movements that are infrequent or hard to pass.
A coprolite is fossilized feces.
Coprophagia or coprophagy is the consumption of feces.
Coprophilia (from Greek κόπρος, kópros—excrement and φιλία, philía—liking, fondness), also called scatophilia or scat (Greek: σκατά, skatá-feces), is the paraphilia involving sexual arousal and pleasure from feces.
Coprophilous fungi (dung-loving fungi) are a type of saprobic fungi that grow on animal dung.
Cow dung, also known as cow pats, cow pies or cow manure, is the waste product of bovine animal species.
Deer (singular and plural) are the ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae.
Defecation is the final act of digestion, by which organisms eliminate solid, semisolid, or liquid waste material from the digestive tract via the anus.
Detritivores, also known as detrivores, detritophages, detritus feeders, or detritus eaters, are heterotrophs that obtain nutrients by consuming detritus (decomposing plant and animal parts as well as feces).
In biology, detritus is dead particulate organic material (as opposed to dissolved organic material).
In nutrition, diet is the sum of food consumed by a person or other organism.
Disgust is an emotional response of revulsion to something considered offensive, distasteful, or unpleasant.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
Dry dung fuel (or dry manure fuel) is animal feces that has been dried in order to be used as a fuel source.
Dung beetles are beetles that feed partly or exclusively on feces (dung).
An earthworm is a tube-shaped, segmented worm found in the phylum Annelida.
Elephants are large mammals of the family Elephantidae and the order Proboscidea.
A euphemism is a generally innocuous word or expression used in place of one that may be found offensive or suggest something unpleasant.
Excretion is the process by which metabolic waste is eliminated from an organism.
Fecal microbiota transplant (FMT), also known as a stool transplant, is the process of transplantation of fecal bacteria from a healthy individual into a recipient.
A fecal plug (occasionally known as a tappen) is a large mass of hardened feces produced by a bear during its winter hibernation.
A fertilizer (American English) or fertiliser (British English; see spelling differences) is any material of natural or synthetic origin (other than liming materials) that is applied to soils or to plant tissues to supply one or more plant nutrients essential to the growth of plants.
Flatulence is defined in the medical literature as "flatus expelled through the anus" or the "quality or state of being flatulent", which is defined in turn as "marked by or affected with gases generated in the intestine or stomach; likely to cause digestive flatulence".
A fossil (from Classical Latin fossilis; literally, "obtained by digging") is any preserved remains, impression, or trace of any once-living thing from a past geological age.
Frass refers loosely to the more or less solid excreta of insects, and to certain other related matter.
A frugivore is a fruit eater.
In botany, a fruit is the seed-bearing structure in flowering plants (also known as angiosperms) formed from the ovary after flowering.
The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca, literally "black and white cat-foot";, literally "big bear cat"), also known as panda bear or simply panda, is a bear native to south central China.
Green tea is a type of tea that is made from Camellia sinensis leaves that have not undergone the same withering and oxidation process used to make oolong teas and black teas.
Guano (from Quechua wanu via Spanish) is the accumulated excrement of seabirds and bats.
Gut flora, or gut microbiota, or gastrointestinal microbiota, is the complex community of microorganisms that live in the digestive tracts of humans and other animals, including insects.
Health is the ability of a biological system to acquire, convert, allocate, distribute, and utilize energy with maximum efficiency.
Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.
The common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), or hippo, is a large, mostly herbivorous, semiaquatic mammal native to sub-Saharan Africa, and one of only two extant species in the family Hippopotamidae, the other being the pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis or Hexaprotodon liberiensis).
The horse (Equus ferus caballus) is one of two extant subspecies of ''Equus ferus''.
Humans (taxonomically Homo sapiens) are the only extant members of the subtribe Hominina.
Human feces (or faeces in British English; fæx) are the solid or semisolid remains of the food that could not be digested or absorbed in the small intestine, but has been rotted down by bacteria in the large intestine.
Hydrazine is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula (also written), called diamidogen, archaically.
Hydrogen sulfide is the chemical compound with the chemical formula H2S.
Indole is an aromatic heterocyclic organic compound with formula C8H7N.
Insects or Insecta (from Latin insectum) are hexapod invertebrates and the largest group within the arthropod phylum.
The name kestrel (from French crécerelle, derivative from crécelle, i.e. ratchet) is given to several different members of the falcon genus, Falco.
The koala (Phascolarctos cinereus, or, inaccurately, koala bear) is an arboreal herbivorous marsupial native to Australia.
Kopi luwak, or civet coffee, is coffee that includes part-digested coffee cherries eaten and defecated by the Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus).
The large intestine, also known as the large bowel or colon, is the last part of the gastrointestinal tract and of the digestive system in vertebrates.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
The insects of the beetle family Chrysomelidae are commonly known as leaf beetles, and include over 37,000 (and probably at least 50,000) species in more than 2,500 genera, making up one of the largest and most commonly encountered of all beetle families.
In biology and biochemistry, a lipid is a biomolecule that is soluble in nonpolar solvents.
A litter box, sometimes called a sandbox, litter tray, cat pan, litter pan, or catbox, is an indoor feces and urine collection box for cats (as well as rabbits, ferrets, micro pigs; small dogs, such as Beagles and Chihuahuas; and other pets that instinctively or through training will make use of such a repository) that are permitted free roam of a home but who cannot or do not always go outside to relieve themselves.
The lugworm or sandworm (Arenicola marina) is a large marine worm of the phylum Annelida.
The Maillard reaction is a chemical reaction between amino acids and reducing sugars that gives browned food its distinctive flavor.
Manure is organic matter, mostly derived from animal feces except in the case of green manure, which can be used as organic fertilizer in agriculture.
Meconium is the earliest stool of a mammalian infant.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Metabolic wastes or excretes are substances left over from metabolic processes (such as cellular respiration) which cannot be used by the organism (they are surplus or toxic), and must therefore be excreted.
A midden (also kitchen midden or shell heap) is an old dump for domestic waste which may consist of animal bone, human excrement, botanical material, mollusc shells, sherds, lithics (especially debitage), and other artifacts and ecofacts associated with past human occupation.
Mucus is a slippery aqueous secretion produced by, and covering, mucous membranes.
A mudbrick or mud-brick is a brick, made of a mixture of loam, mud, sand and water mixed with a binding material such as rice husks or straw.
New Latin (also called Neo-Latin or Modern Latin) was a revival in the use of Latin in original, scholarly, and scientific works between c. 1375 and c. 1900.
Night soil is a euphemism for human feces collected from cesspools, privies, pail closets, pit latrines, privy middens, septic tanks, etc.
An odor, odour or fragrance is always caused by one or more volatilized chemical compounds.
Off-color humor (also known as vulgar humor, crude humor, or shock humor) is humor that deals with topics that may be considered to be in poor taste or overly vulgar.
Otters are carnivorous mammals in the subfamily Lutrinae.
Paleofeces (UK: Palaeofaeces) are ancient human feces, often found as part of archaeological excavations or surveys.
Paleontology or palaeontology is the scientific study of life that existed prior to, and sometimes including, the start of the Holocene Epoch (roughly 11,700 years before present).
, also known just simply as Poo (on iOS devices), is an emoji resembling a coiled pile of feces usually adorned with a "friendly smile".
A plurale tantum (Latin for "plural only", plural form: pluralia tantum) is a noun that appears only in the plural form and does not have a singular variant for referring to a single object.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS) is the official scientific journal of the National Academy of Sciences, published since 1915.
Profanity is socially offensive language, which may also be called swear words, curse words, cuss words, bad language, strong language, offensive language, crude language, coarse language, foul language, bad words, oaths, blasphemous language, vulgar language, lewd language, choice words, or expletives.
Red blood cells-- also known as RBCs, red cells, red blood corpuscles, haematids, erythroid cells or erythrocytes (from Greek erythros for "red" and kytos for "hollow vessel", with -cyte translated as "cell" in modern usage), are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues—via blood flow through the circulatory system.
In linguistics, a register is a variety of a language used for a particular purpose or in a particular social setting.
Sanitation refers to public health conditions related to clean drinking water and adequate treatment and disposal of human excreta and sewage.
In medicine and biology, scatology or coprology is the study of feces.
R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.
Scientific American (informally abbreviated SciAm) is an American popular science magazine.
Seabirds (also known as marine birds) are birds that are adapted to life within the marine environment.
A seed is an embryonic plant enclosed in a protective outer covering.
Seed dispersal is the movement or transport of seeds away from the parent plant.
Seed predation, often referred to as granivory, is a type of plant-animal interaction in which granivores (seed predators) feed on the seeds of plants as a main or exclusive food source,Hulme, P.E. and Benkman, C.W. (2002) "Granivory", pp.
The sensory nervous system is a part of the nervous system responsible for processing sensory information.
Shit is a word considered vulgar and profane in Modern English.
Skatole or 3-methylindole is a mildly toxic white crystalline organic compound belonging to the indole family.
A soil conditioner is a product which is added to soil to improve the soil’s physical qualities, usually its fertility (ability to provide nutrition for plants) and sometimes its mechanics.
Spraint is the dung of the otter.
A stool test involves the collection and analysis of fecal matter to diagnose the presence or absence of a medical condition.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
Thiol is an organosulfur compound that contains a carbon-bonded sulfhydryl (R–SH) group (where R represents an alkyl or other organic substituent).
A trace fossil, also ichnofossil (ιχνος ikhnos "trace, track"), is a geological record of biological activity.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
Unicode is a computing industry standard for the consistent encoding, representation, and handling of text expressed in most of the world's writing systems.
Uric acid is a heterocyclic compound of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen with the formula C5H4N4O3.
Urine is a liquid by-product of metabolism in humans and in many animals.
Usage is the manner in which written and spoken language is used, the "points of grammar, syntax, style, and the choice of words", and "the way in which a word or phrase is normally and correctly used".
Vermicompost (or vermi-compost, vermiculture) is the product of the composting process using various species of worms, usually red wigglers, white worms, and other earthworms, to create a mixture of decomposing vegetable or food waste, bedding materials, and vermicast.
Wattle and daub is a composite building material used for making walls, in which a woven lattice of wooden strips called wattle is daubed with a sticky material usually made of some combination of wet soil, clay, sand, animal dung and straw.
William Buckland DD, FRS (12 March 1784 – 14 August 1856) was an English theologian who became Dean of Westminster.
Zebras are several species of African equids (horse family) united by their distinctive black and white striped coats.
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