145 relations: Active duty, Ad Council, Ad hoc, Aidmatrix, Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, AmeriCorps, Bill Clinton, Brock Long, Buffalo, New York, CBS News, Center for Domestic Preparedness, Civil Contingencies Secretariat, Civil defense, Civil defense by country, CNN, Cold War, Congressional Research Service, Continuity of government, Continuity of Operations, Craig Fugate, CRP-2B, Department of transportation, Disaster medical assistance team, Disaster Mortuary Operational Response Team, Dominica, Dumas, Arkansas, Earthquake, Emergency, Emergency management, Emergency Management Institute, Executive Office of the President of the United States, Executive order, Executive Order 12148, Farmers Home Administration, Federal Civil Defense Administration, Federal Civil Defense Authority, Federal government of the United States, Federal Highway Administration, Federal Register, Federation of American Scientists, FEMA camps conspiracy theory, FEMA Photo Library, FEMA trailer, FEMA Urban Search and Rescue Task Force, Flood, Flood Control Act of 1944, Florida, Ford's Theatre, Frederick Community College, General Services Administration, ..., Great Depression, Great Fire of New York, Harvey E. Johnson Jr., Herbert Hoover, Homeland Security Act, Homelessness in the United States, Hurricane Frances, Hurricane Hugo, Hurricane Katrina, Internally displaced person, James Lee Witt, Jimmy Carter, Joe Allbaugh, John Macy, John Magaw, John T. Ford, Julius W. Becton Jr., Labor Day, Lake Storm "Aphid", List of United States hurricanes, Louis O. Giuffrida, Louisiana, Love Canal, Mark Pryor, Miami–Dade County, Florida, Michael D. Brown, Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center, Nancy L. Ward, National Disaster Medical System, National Emergency Technology Guard, National Flood Insurance Program, National Guard of the United States, National Incident Management System, National Weather Service, Natural disaster, Niagara Falls, New York, Nuclear meltdown, Nuclear power plant, Nuclear warfare, October 2007 California wildfires, Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization, Office of Civil Defense, Oklahoma City bombing, PDD-62, PDF, Portsmouth, New Hampshire, Public Safety Canada, Public–private partnership, Puerto Rico, R. David Paulison, Radioactive contamination, Reconstruction Finance Corporation, Robert J. Fenton, Safe room, September 11 attacks, Skittles (confectionery), Small Business Administration, South Carolina, South Florida, Space Shuttle Columbia, Space Shuttle Columbia disaster, Stanwood Duval, State of emergency, Sun-Sentinel, Tariff, Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station, Time (magazine), Tokyo subway sarin attack, Tornado, Tornadoes in the United States, Tropical cyclone, U.S. state, United States Army Corps of Engineers, United States civil defense, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of Defense, United States Department of Health and Human Services, United States Department of Homeland Security, United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, United States Fire Administration, United States Government Publishing Office, United States House of Representatives, United States Secretary of Homeland Security, United States Senate, USA Today, Vicksburg, Mississippi, Vulnerability, Wallace Stickney, Washington, D.C., Wildfire, Winter storm, .dwg, 2013 Colorado floods, 54th United States Congress, 7th United States Congress. Expand index (95 more) » « Shrink index
Active duty is a full-time occupation as part of a military force, as opposed to reserve duty.
The Advertising Council, commonly known as the Ad Council, is an American nonprofit organization that produces, distributes, and promotes public service announcements on behalf of various sponsors, including nonprofit organizations, non-governmental organizations and agencies of the United States government.
Ad hoc is a Latin phrase meaning literally "for this".
The Aidmatrix Foundation, Inc., (Aidmatrix) is a U.S.-based 501 (c) 3 non-profit organization.
The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building was a United States federal government complex located at 200 N.W. 5th Street in Downtown Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States.
AmeriCorps is a voluntary civil society program supported by the U.S. federal government, foundations, corporations, and other donors engaging adults in public service work with a goal of "helping others and meeting critical needs in the community." Members commit to full-time or part-time positions offered by a network of nonprofit community organizations and public agencies, to fulfill assignments in the fields of education, public safety, health care, and environmental protection.
William Jefferson Clinton (born August 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001.
William Brock Long (born April 6, 1975) is an American emergency manager who currently serves as the administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
Buffalo is the second largest city in the state of New York and the 81st most populous city in the United States.
CBS News is the news division of American television and radio service CBS.
The Center for Domestic Preparedness is the only U.S. federal facility chartered to provide comprehensive preparedness training programs to the nation’s emergency response providers.
The Civil Contingencies Secretariat (CCS), created in July 2001, is the department of the British Cabinet Office responsible for emergency planning in the UK.
Civil defense or civil protection is an effort to protect the citizens of a state (generally non-combatants) from military attacks and natural disasters.
Many countries around the world have civil defense organizations dedicated to protecting civilians from military attacks and providing rescue services after widespread disasters.
Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel and an independent subsidiary of AT&T's WarnerMedia.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
The Congressional Research Service (CRS), known as Congress's think tank, is a public policy research arm of the United States Congress.
Continuity of government (COG) is the principle of establishing defined procedures that allow a government to continue its essential operations in case of a catastrophic event such as nuclear war.
Continuity of Operations (COOP) is a United States federal government initiative, required by U.S. Presidential Policy Directive 40 (PPD-40), to ensure that agencies are able to continue performance of essential functions under a broad range of circumstances.
William Craig Fugate (born May 14, 1959) is the former administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
CRP-2B (Crisis Relocation Program 2B) is a hypothetical scenario of nuclear war between the United States and the Soviet Union that was created in 1976 by the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
The Department of Transportation (DOT) is the most common name for a government agency in North America devoted to transportation.
A disaster medical assistance team (DMAT) is a group of professional and para-professional medical personnel organized to provide rapid-response medical care or casualty decontamination during a terrorist attack, natural disaster, or other incident in the United States.
A Disaster Mortuary Operational Response Team or DMORT is a team of experts in the fields of victim identification and mortuary services.
Dominica (Island Carib), officially the Commonwealth of Dominica, is an island republic in the West Indies.
Dumas is a city in Desha County, Arkansas, United States.
An earthquake (also known as a quake, tremor or temblor) is the shaking of the surface of the Earth, resulting from the sudden release of energy in the Earth's lithosphere that creates seismic waves.
An emergency is a situation that poses an immediate risk to health, life, property, or environment.
Emergency management or disaster management is the organization and management of the resources and responsibilities for dealing with all humanitarian aspects of emergencies (preparedness, response, and recovery).
The Emergency Management Institute (EMI) of the United States Federal Emergency Management Agency serves as the national focal point for the development and delivery of emergency management training to enhance the capabilities of state, territorial, local, and tribal government officials; volunteer organizations; FEMA's disaster workforce; other Federal agencies; and the public and private sectors to minimize the impact of disasters and emergencies on the American public.
The Executive Office of the President of the United States (acronyms: EOP) is a group of agencies at the center of the executive branch of the United States federal government.
In the United States, an executive order is a directive issued by the President of the United States that manages operations of the federal government and has the force of law.
Executive Order 12148 was an executive order enacted by President Jimmy Carter on July 20, 1979 to transfer and reassign duties to the newly formed agency, known as the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), created by.
The Farmers Home Administration (FmHA) is a former U.S. government agency, which was established in August 1946 to replace the Farm Security Administration.
The Federal Civil Defense Administration (FCDA) was organized by President Harry S. Truman on December 1,1950 through Executive Order 10186, and became an official government agency via the Federal Civil Defense Act of 1950 on 12 January 1951.
The Federal Civil Defense Authority was established in the United States Department of Defense (DOD), by DOD Directive 5105.43, May 5, 1972.
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.
The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) is a division of the United States Department of Transportation that specializes in highway transportation.
The Federal Register (FR or sometimes Fed. Reg.) is the official journal of the federal government of the United States that contains government agency rules, proposed rules, and public notices.
The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) is a 501(c)(3) organization with the stated intent of using science and scientific analysis to attempt to make the world more secure.
The FEMA camps conspiracy theory holds that the U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) is planning to imprison US citizens in concentration camps.
The FEMA Photo Library is an online gallery of photos compiled by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) of the United States, containing more than 37,000 disaster related photographs taken since 1980.
The term FEMA trailer, or FEMA travel trailer, is the name commonly given by the United States Government to forms of temporary manufactured housing assigned to the victims of natural disaster by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
World Trade Center after the 9/11 attacks. A FEMA Urban Search and Rescue Task Force (US&R Task Force) is a team of individuals specializing in urban search and rescue, disaster recovery, and emergency triage and medicine.
A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land that is usually dry.
The Pick-Sloan Flood Control Act of 1944 (P.L. 78–534), enacted in the 2nd session of the 78th Congress, is U.S. legislation that authorized the construction of numerous dams and modifications to previously existing dams, as well as levees across the United States.
Florida (Spanish for "land of flowers") is the southernmost contiguous state in the United States.
Ford's Theatre is a theatre located in Washington, D.C., which opened in August 1863.
Frederick Community College (FCC) is a community college in Frederick, Maryland.
The General Services Administration (GSA), an independent agency of the United States government, was established in 1949 to help manage and support the basic functioning of federal agencies.
The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.
The 1835 Great Fire of New York was one of three fires that rendered extensive damage to New York City in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Harvey E. Johnson Jr., retired Vice Admiral, United States Coast Guard, is the Executive Director, Recovery Operations for the American Red Cross.
Herbert Clark Hoover (August 10, 1874 – October 20, 1964) was an American engineer, businessman and politician who served as the 31st President of the United States from 1929 to 1933 during the Great Depression.
The Homeland Security Act (HSA) of 2002, was introduced in the aftermath of the September 11 attacks and subsequent mailings of anthrax spores.
Homelessness is the condition of people lacking "a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence" as defined by The McKinney–Vento Homeless Assistance Act.
Hurricane Frances was the second most intense tropical cyclone in the Atlantic during 2004 that proved to be very destructive in Florida.
Hurricane Hugo was a powerful Cape Verde hurricane that caused widespread damage and loss of life in Guadeloupe, Saint Croix, Puerto Rico, and the Southeast United States.
Hurricane Katrina was an extremely destructive and deadly Category 5 hurricane that caused catastrophic damage along the Gulf coast from central Florida to Texas, much of it due to the storm surge and levee failure.
An internally displaced person (IDP) is someone who is forced to flee his or her home but who remains within his or her country's borders.
James Lee Witt (born January 6, 1944) is a former director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), during the tenure of U.S. President Bill Clinton and is often credited with raising the agency’s level of professionalism and ability to respond to disasters.
James Earl Carter Jr. (born October 1, 1924) is an American politician who served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1981.
Joe M. Allbaugh (born July 27, 1952) is an American political figure in the Republican Party.
John Williams Macy Jr. (April 6, 1917 – December 22, 1986) was a United States Government administrator and civil servant.
John William Magaw (born 1935) is a former United States government administrator.
John Thompson Ford (April 16, 1829 – March 14, 1894) was an American theater manager in the nineteenth century.
Julius Wesley Becton Jr. (born June 29, 1926) is a retired United States Army lieutenant general, former director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), and education administrator.
Labor Day in the United States is a public holiday celebrated on the first Monday in September.
The October 2006 Buffalo storm was an unusual early-season lake effect snow storm that hit the Buffalo, New York area and other surrounding areas of the United States and Canada, from the afternoon of Thursday October 12 through the morning of Friday October 13, 2006.
The list of United States hurricanes includes all tropical cyclones officially recorded to have produced sustained winds of greater than 74 mph (118 km/h) in the United States, which is the minimum threshold for hurricane intensity.
Louis Onorato "Jeff" Giuffrida (October 2, 1920 – November 20, 2012) was the Ronald Reagan administration's first director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency from 1981 to 1985.
Louisiana is a state in the southeastern region of the United States.
Love Canal is a neighborhood within Niagara Falls, New York.
Mark Lunsford Pryor (born January 10, 1963) is an American attorney and politician who served as a United States Senator from Arkansas from 2003 to 2015.
Miami-Dade County is a county located in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Florida.
Michael DeWayne Brown (born November 8, 1954) served as the first Undersecretary of Emergency Preparedness and Response (EP&R), a division of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
The Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center is a civilian command facility in the U.S. Commonwealth of Virginia, used as the center of operations for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
Nancy L. Ward was the Interim Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), hand-picked by her predecessor, R. David Paulison to serve in his place after retiring on January 21, 2009.
The National Disaster Medical System (NDMS) is a federally coordinated healthcare system and partnership of the United States Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS), Homeland Security (DHS), Defense (DOD), and Veterans Affairs (VA).
The National Emergency Technology Guard (NETGuard) is a corps of volunteers with technology experience that help out after disasters in the United States.
The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) is a program created by the Congress of the United States in 1968 through the National Flood Insurance Act of 1968 (P.L. 90-448).
The National Guard of the United States, part of the reserve components of the United States Armed Forces, is a reserve military force, composed of National Guard military members or units of each state and the territories of Guam, the Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia, for a total of 54 separate organizations.
The National Incident Management System (NIMS) is a standardized approach to incident management developed by the United States Department of Homeland Security.
The National Weather Service (NWS) is an agency of the United States Federal Government that is tasked with providing weather forecasts, warnings of hazardous weather, and other weather-related products to organizations and the public for the purposes of protection, safety, and general information.
A natural disaster is a major adverse event resulting from natural processes of the Earth; examples include floods, hurricanes, tornadoes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, tsunamis, and other geologic processes.
Niagara Falls is a city in Niagara County, New York, United States.
A nuclear meltdown (core melt accident or partial core melt) is a severe nuclear reactor accident that results in core damage from overheating.
A nuclear power plant or nuclear power station is a thermal power station in which the heat source is a nuclear reactor.
Nuclear warfare (sometimes atomic warfare or thermonuclear warfare) is a military conflict or political strategy in which nuclear weaponry is used to inflict damage on the enemy.
The October 2007 California wildfires, also known as the Fall 2007 California firestorm, were a series of about thirty wildfires (17 of which became major wildfires) that began igniting across Southern California on October 20.
The Office of Civil and Defense Mobilization, created in 1958 originally as Office of Defense and Civilian Mobilization, was an office of the Executive Office of the President which consolidated the functions of the existing Office of Defense Mobilization and the Federal Civil Defense Administration.
The Office of Civilian Defense (OCD) was established by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in May 1941.
The Oklahoma City bombing was a domestic terrorist truck bombing on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States on April 19, 1995.
Presidential Decision Directive 62 (PDD-62), titled Combating Terrorism, was a Presidential Decision Directive (PDD), signed on May 22, 1998 by President Bill Clinton.
The Portable Document Format (PDF) is a file format developed in the 1990s to present documents, including text formatting and images, in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems.
Portsmouth is a city in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, in the United States.
Public Safety Canada (Sécurité publique Canada), formerly known as Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Canada (PSEPC), legally incorporated as the Department of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, is the department of the federal government of Canada with responsibility for protecting Canadians and helping to maintain a peaceful and safe society.
A public–private partnership (PPP, 3P or P3) is a cooperative arrangement between two or more public and private sectors, typically of a long-term nature.
Puerto Rico (Spanish for "Rich Port"), officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, "Free Associated State of Puerto Rico") and briefly called Porto Rico, is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeast Caribbean Sea.
Robert David Paulison (born February 27, 1947) is an American former fire chief who served as the director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
Radioactive contamination, also called radiological contamination, is the deposition of, or presence of radioactive substances on surfaces or within solids, liquids or gases (including the human body), where their presence is unintended or undesirable (from the International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA - definition).
The Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) was a government corporation in the United States between 1932 and 1957 that provided financial support to state and local governments and made loans to banks, railroads, mortgage associations, and other businesses.
Robert J. Fenton Jr, also Bob Fenton, is an American governmental official who worked for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in 1996 and was appointed Regional Administrator for FEMA Region IX: Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, and the Pacific Islands in July 2015.
A safe room or panic room is a fortified room that is installed in a private residence or business to provide a safe shelter, or hiding place, for the inhabitants in the event of a break in, home invasion, tornado, terror attack, or other threat.
The September 11, 2001 attacks (also referred to as 9/11) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda against the United States on the morning of Tuesday, September 11, 2001.
Skittles is a brand of fruit-flavoured sweets, currently produced and marketed by the Wrigley Company, a division of Mars, Inc. Skittles consist of hard sugar shells imprinted with the letter "S".
The Small Business Administration (SBA) is a United States government agency that provides support to entrepreneurs and small businesses.
South Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
South Florida is a region of the U.S. state of Florida, comprising the southernmost part of the state.
Space Shuttle Columbia (Orbiter Vehicle Designation: OV-102) was the first space-rated orbiter in NASA's Space Shuttle fleet.
On February 1, 2003, the Space Shuttle ''Columbia'' disintegrated upon reentering Earth's atmosphere, killing all seven crew members.
Stanwood Richardson Duval Jr. (born February 8, 1942), is a former United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana.
A state of emergency is a situation in which a government is empowered to perform actions that it would normally not be permitted.
The Sun-Sentinel is the main daily newspaper of Broward County, Florida.
A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between sovereign states.
Three Mile Island Nuclear Generating Station (TMI) is a nuclear power plant located on Three Mile Island in Londonderry Township, Pennsylvania, on the Susquehanna River just south of Harrisburg.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
The Tokyo subway sarin attack (was an act of domestic terrorism perpetrated on March 20, 1995, in Tokyo, Japan, by members of the cult movement Aum Shinrikyo. Aum Shinrikyo was a religious movement and doomsday cult led by Shoko Asahara. The group believed in a doctrine revolving around a syncretic mixture of Indian and Tibetan Buddhism, as well as Christian and Hindu beliefs, especially relating to the Hindu god Shiva. They believed that Armageddon is inevitable in the form of a global war involving the United States and Japan; that non-members were doomed to eternal hell, but that they could be saved if they were killed by cult members; and that only members of the cult would survive the apocalypse, and would afterwards build the Kingdom of Shambhala. The group had already carried out several assassinations and terrorist attacks using sarin, including the Matsumoto sarin attack nine months earlier. They had also produced several other nerve agents, including VX. The cult had attempted to produce botulinum toxin and had perpetrated several failed acts of bioterrorism. Asahara had been made aware of a police raid scheduled for March 22 and had planned the Tokyo subway attack in order to hinder police investigations into the cult and perhaps to spark the global apocalypse. In five coordinated attacks, the perpetrators released sarin on three lines of the Tokyo Metro (then part of the Tokyo subway) during rush hour, killing 12 people, severely injuring 50, and causing temporary vision problems for nearly 1,000 others. The attack was directed against trains passing through Kasumigaseki and Nagatachō, Tokyo, home of the Japanese government. In the raid following the attack, police arrested many senior members of the cult. Police activity continued throughout the summer, eventually arresting over 200 members, including Asahara himself. Thirteen of the senior Aum management have been sentenced to death, with many others given prison sentences up to life. The attack shocked the Japanese, who had widely thought their nation to be free from crime and unrest. It was the deadliest incident to occur in Japan since the end of World War II until the Myojo 56 building fire on September 1, 2001. The attack remains the deadliest terrorist incident in Japan, and Aum Shinrikyo remain the only group in Japan to have utilized biological and chemical weapons.
A tornado is a rapidly rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the Earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud.
Tornadoes are more common in United States than in any other country.
A tropical cyclone is a rapidly rotating storm system characterized by a low-pressure center, a closed low-level atmospheric circulation, strong winds, and a spiral arrangement of thunderstorms that produce heavy rain.
A state is a constituent political entity of the United States.
The United States Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is a U.S. federal agency under the Department of Defense and a major Army command made up of some 37,000 civilian and military personnel, making it one of the world's largest public engineering, design, and construction management agencies.
United States civil defense refers to the use of civil defense in the history of the United States, which is the organized non-military effort to prepare Americans for military attack.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned directly with national security and the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), also known as the Health Department, is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government with the goal of protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services.
The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a cabinet department of the United States federal government with responsibilities in public security, roughly comparable to the interior or home ministries of other countries.
The United States Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) is a Cabinet department in the Executive branch of the United States federal government.
The United States Fire Administration (USFA) is a division of the Federal Emergency Management Agency which in turn is managed by the Department of Homeland Security located in unincorporated Frederick County, Maryland, near Emmitsburg.
The United States Government Publishing Office (GPO) (formerly the Government Printing Office) is an agency of the legislative branch of the United States federal government.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
The United States Secretary of Homeland Security is the head of the United States Department of Homeland Security, the body concerned with protecting the U.S. and the safety of U.S. citizens.
The United States Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, which along with the United States House of Representatives—the lower chamber—comprise the legislature of the United States.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
Vicksburg is the only city in, and county seat of Warren County, Mississippi, United States.
Vulnerability refers to the inability (of a system or a unit) to withstand the effects of a hostile environment.
Wallace Elmer Stickney (born November 24, 1934) is an American civil servant, most prominently as the Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) under President George H. W. Bush.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
A wildfire or wildland fire is a fire in an area of combustible vegetation that occurs in the countryside or rural area.
A winter storm is an event in which varieties of precipitation are formed that only occur at low temperatures, such as snow or sleet, or a rainstorm where ground temperatures are low enough to allow ice to form (i.e. freezing rain).
DWG (from drawing) is a proprietary binary file format used for storing two- and three- dimensional design data and metadata.
The 2013 Colorado floods was a natural disaster occurring in the U.S. state of Colorado.
The Fifty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.
The Seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives.
Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, Criticism of FEMA, Criticism of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, F.E.M.A, F.E.M.A., FDAA, FEMA, FEMA Corps, FEMA Director, FEMA region, Federal Disaster Assistance Administration, Federal Emergency Management Agency of the United States, Federal Emergency Management Association, Fema, National Fire Prevention and Control Administration.