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Federation of Australia

Index Federation of Australia

The Federation of Australia was the process by which the six separate British self-governing colonies of Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, and Western Australia agreed to unite and form the Commonwealth of Australia, establishing a system of federalism in Australia. [1]

118 relations: Adelaide, Alfred Deakin, American Civil War, Andrew Inglis Clark, Australasia, Australian Capital Territory, Australian federal election, 1901, Australian House of Representatives, Australian labour movement, Australian nationality law, Australian Natives' Association, Australian Senate, Bathurst, New South Wales, Bicameralism, Boston, British North America Acts, Canberra, Centennial Park, New South Wales, Centralisation, Charles Wynn-Carington, 1st Marquess of Lincolnshire, Colony of New South Wales, Colony of Queensland, Colony of Tasmania, Commerce Clause, Constitution Act, 1867, Constitution of Australia, Constitution of Canada, Constitutional Convention (Australia), Corowa, Crown colony, Croydon, Queensland, Duncan Gillies, Edmund Barton, Edward Braddon, Extradition, Federal Council of Australasia, Federal Highway (Australia), Federalism in Australia, Federalist, Federation architecture, Federation Peak, Federation Square, Federation Trail, Federation University Australia, Fiji, Fiscal union, French Third Republic, German Empire, Goulburn, New South Wales, Government of Australia, ..., Government of Tasmania, Governor of New South Wales, Governor-General of Australia, Henry Parkes, High Court of Australia, History of monarchy in Australia, Hobart, Humphrey McQueen, James Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce, James George Lee Steere, James Service, John Cockburn (Australian politician), John Hall (New Zealand politician), John La Nauze, John Macrossan, John Quick (politician), Kanaka (Pacific Island worker), Labor relations, Lucinda (steam yacht), Melbourne, Moncure D. Conway, New Guinea, New Hebrides, New South Wales, New Zealand, Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., Parliament of Australia, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Premier of New South Wales, Premier of Queensland, Premier of Victoria, Prime Minister of Australia, Privy council, Protectionism, Provinces and territories of Canada, Queen Victoria, Queensland, Referendum, Reform movement, Responsible government, Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, Robert Garran, Royal assent, Samuel Griffith, Secessionism in Western Australia, Section 51 of the Constitution of Australia, Self-governing colony, Separation of powers in Australia, South Australia, Stafford Bird, Sugarcane, Swiss Federal Constitution, Tariff, Tasmania, Telegraphy, Tenterfield Oration, The Crown, Thomas McIlwraith, Thomas Playford II, Unitarianism, United States Congress, United States Constitution, Victoria (Australia), Western Australia, Westminster system, White Australia policy, William McMillan (Australian politician), William Russell (New Zealand politician). Expand index (68 more) »

Adelaide

Adelaide is the capital city of the state of South Australia, and the fifth-most populous city of Australia.

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Alfred Deakin

Alfred Deakin (3 August 18567 October 1919) was an Australian politician who served as the second Prime Minister of Australia, in office for three separate terms – 1903 to 1904, 1905 to 1908, and 1909 to 1910.

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American Civil War

The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.

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Andrew Inglis Clark

Andrew Inglis Clark (24 February 1848 -14 November 1907) was an Australian Founding Father and the principal author of the Australian Constitution; he was also an engineer, barrister, politician, electoral reformer and jurist.

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Australasia

Australasia, a region of Oceania, comprises Australia, New Zealand, neighbouring islands in the Pacific Ocean and, sometimes, the island of New Guinea (which is usually considered to be part of Melanesia).

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Australian Capital Territory

The Australian Capital Territory (ACT; known as the Federal Capital Territory until 1938) is Australia's federal district, located in the south-east of the country and enclaved within the state of New South Wales.

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Australian federal election, 1901

Federal elections for the inaugural Parliament of Australia were held in Australia on Friday 29 March and Saturday 30 March 1901.

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Australian House of Representatives

The Australian House of Representatives is one of the two Houses (chambers) of the Parliament of Australia.

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Australian labour movement

The Australian labour movement has its origins in the early 19th century and includes both trade unions and political activity.

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Australian nationality law

Australian nationality law determines who is and who is not an Australian citizen.

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Australian Natives' Association

The Australian Natives' Association (ANA) was a mutual society founded in Melbourne, Australia in April 1871 as the Victorian Natives' Association.

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Australian Senate

The Australian Senate is the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Australia, the lower house being the House of Representatives.

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Bathurst, New South Wales

Bathurst is a regional city in the Central Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia.

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Bicameralism

A bicameral legislature divides the legislators into two separate assemblies, chambers, or houses.

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Boston

Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.

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British North America Acts

The British North America Acts 1867–1975 are a series of Acts at the core of the constitution of Canada.

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Canberra

Canberra is the capital city of Australia.

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Centennial Park, New South Wales

Centennial Park is a small residential suburb located on the western fringe of Centennial Park, a large public, urban park in the local government area of the City of Sydney.

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Centralisation

Centralisation (British), or centralization (both British and American), is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding planning and decision-making, become concentrated within a particular location or group, keeping all of the important decision-making powers within the head office or the centre of the organisation.

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Charles Wynn-Carington, 1st Marquess of Lincolnshire

Charles Robert Wynn-Carington, 1st Marquess of Lincolnshire, (16 May 1843 – 13 June 1928), known as the Lord Carrington from 1868 to 1895, and as the Earl Carrington from 1895 to 1912, was a British Liberal politician and aristocrat.

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Colony of New South Wales

The colony of New South Wales was a colony of the British Empire from 1788 to 1901, when it became a State in the federal Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901.

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Colony of Queensland

The Colony of Queensland was a colony of the British Empire from 1859 to 1901, when it became a State in the federal Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901.

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Colony of Tasmania

The Colony of Tasmania (more commonly referred to simply as "Tasmania") was a British colony that existed on the island of Tasmania from 1856 until 1901, when it federated together with the five other Australian colonies to form the Commonwealth of Australia.

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Commerce Clause

The Commerce Clause describes an enumerated power listed in the United States Constitution (Article I, Section 8, Clause 3).

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Constitution Act, 1867

The Constitution Act, 1867, 30 & 31 Victoria, c. 3 (U.K.), R.S.C. 1985, App.

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Constitution of Australia

The Constitution of Australia is the supreme law under which the government of the Commonwealth of Australia operates, including its relationship to the States of Australia.

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Constitution of Canada

The Constitution of Canada is the supreme law in Canada; the country's constitution is an amalgamation of codified acts and uncodified traditions and conventions.

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Constitutional Convention (Australia)

In Australian history, the term Constitutional Convention refers to four distinct gatherings.

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Corowa

Corowa is a town in the state of New South Wales in Australia.

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Crown colony

Crown colony, dependent territory and royal colony are terms used to describe the administration of United Kingdom overseas territories that are controlled by the British Government.

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Croydon, Queensland

Croydon is a town and locality within the Shire of Croydon in Queensland, Australia.

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Duncan Gillies

Duncan Gillies (14 January 1834 – 12 September 1903), Australian colonial politician, was the 14th Premier of Victoria.

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Edmund Barton

Sir Edmund "Toby" Barton, (18 January 18497 January 1920) was an Australian politician and judge who served as the first Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1901 to 1903.

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Edward Braddon

Sir Edward Nicholas Coventry Braddon, KCMG PC (11 June 1829 – 2 February 1904), Australian politician, was the Premier of Tasmania from 1894 to 1899, and was a Member of the First Australian Parliament in the House of Representatives.

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Extradition

Extradition is the act by one jurisdiction of delivering a person who has been accused of committing a crime in another jurisdiction or has been convicted of a crime in that other jurisdiction into the custody of a law enforcement agency of that other jurisdiction.

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Federal Council of Australasia

The Federal Council of Australasia was a forerunner to the current Commonwealth of Australia, though its structure and members were different.

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Federal Highway (Australia)

The Federal Highway is a highway in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory.

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Federalism in Australia

Federalism was adopted, as a constitutional principle, in Australia on 1 January 1901 – the date upon which the six self-governing Australian Colonies of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia federated, formally constituting the Commonwealth of Australia.

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Federalist

The term federalist describes several political beliefs around the world.

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Federation architecture

Federation architecture is the architectural style in Australia that was prevalent from around 1890 to 1915.

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Federation Peak

Federation Peak is a prominent mountain that is part of the Eastern Arthur Range, located in the Southwest National Park, in the south-west region of Tasmania, Australia.

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Federation Square

Federation Square is a venue for arts, culture and public events on the edge of the CBD of Melbourne.

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Federation Trail

The Federation Trail is a shared use path for cyclists and pedestrians, which mainly follows the heritage-listed Main Outfall Sewer through the western suburbs of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

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Federation University Australia

Federation University Australia (FedUni) is a dual-sector university with multiple campuses in Victoria, Australia.

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Fiji

Fiji (Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी), officially the Republic of Fiji (Matanitu Tugalala o Viti; Fiji Hindi: फ़िजी गणराज्य), is an island country in Oceania in the South Pacific Ocean about northeast of New Zealand's North Island.

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Fiscal union

Fiscal union is the integration of the fiscal policy of nations or states.

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French Third Republic

The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.

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German Empire

The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.

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Goulburn, New South Wales

Goulburn is a regional city in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia approximately south-west of Sydney, Australia, and north-east of Canberra.

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Government of Australia

The Government of the Commonwealth of Australia (also referred to as the Australian Government, the Commonwealth Government, or the Federal Government) is the government of the Commonwealth of Australia, a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy.

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Government of Tasmania

The Government of Tasmania, also referred to as the Tasmanian Government, is the executive authority of the state of Tasmania, Australia.

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Governor of New South Wales

The Governor of New South Wales is the viceregal representative of the Australian monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, in the state of New South Wales.

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Governor-General of Australia

The Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia is the representative of the Australian monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II.

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Henry Parkes

Sir Henry Parkes, (27 May 1815 – 27 April 1896) was a colonial Australian politician and longest non-consecutive Premier of the Colony of New South Wales, the present-day state of New South Wales in the Commonwealth of Australia.

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High Court of Australia

The High Court of Australia is the supreme court in the Australian court hierarchy and the final court of appeal in Australia.

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History of monarchy in Australia

Australia is a constitutional monarchy whose Sovereign also serves as Monarch of the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Canada and eleven other former dependencies of the United Kingdom including Papua New Guinea, which was formerly a dependency of Australia.

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Hobart

Hobart is the capital and most populous city of the Australian island state of Tasmania.

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Humphrey McQueen

Humphrey Dennis McQueen (born 26 June 1942) is an Australian socialist historian and cultural commentator.

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James Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce

James Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce, (10 May 1838 – 22 January 1922) was a British academic, jurist, historian and Liberal politician.

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James George Lee Steere

Sir James George Lee Steere KCMG (4 July 18301 December 1903) was a Western Australian politician and a prominent member of the six hungry families.

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James Service

James Service (27 November 1823 – 13 April 1899), Australian colonial politician, was the 12th Premier of Victoria, Australia.

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John Cockburn (Australian politician)

Sir John Alexander Cockburn, KCMG (23 August 185026 November 1929) was Premier of South Australia from 27 June 1889 until 18 August 1890.

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John Hall (New Zealand politician)

Sir John Hall (18 December 1824 – 25 June 1907) was born in Kingston upon Hull, England, the third son of George Hall, a captain in the navy.

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John La Nauze

John Andrew La Nauze (9 June 1911 – 20 August 1990) was an Australian historian from Western Australia.

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John Macrossan

John Murtagh Macrossan (1832 – 30 March 1891) was an Australian politician of the late 19th century in the parliament of Queensland.

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John Quick (politician)

Sir John Quick (22 April 1852 – 17 June 1932) was an English-born Australian politician and author, who was the federal Member of Parliament for Bendigo from 1901 to 1913 and a leading delegate to the Constitutional Conventions in the 1890s.

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Kanaka (Pacific Island worker)

Kanakas were workers from various Pacific Islands employed in British colonies, such as British Columbia (Canada), Fiji, and Queensland (Australia) in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Labor relations

Labor relations is a field of study that can have different meanings depending on the context in which it is used.

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Lucinda (steam yacht)

The Lucinda was a Queensland Government owned, 301 ton paddle steamer built by William Denny and Brothers, Dumbarton, Scotland in 1884.

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Melbourne

Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.

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Moncure D. Conway

Moncure Daniel Conway (March 17, 1832 – November 15, 1907) was an American abolitionist as well as at various times a Methodist, Unitarian and Freethought minister.

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New Guinea

New Guinea (Nugini or, more commonly known, Papua, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia.

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New Hebrides

New Hebrides, officially the New Hebrides Condominium (Condominium des Nouvelles-Hébrides, "Condominium of the New Hebrides") and named for the Hebrides Scottish archipelago, was the colonial name for the island group in the South Pacific Ocean that is now Vanuatu.

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New South Wales

New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.

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New Zealand

New Zealand (Aotearoa) is a sovereign island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.

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Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr.

Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. (March 8, 1841 – March 6, 1935) was an American jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1902 to 1932, and as Acting Chief Justice of the United States from January–February 1930.

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Parliament of Australia

The Parliament of Australia (officially the Federal Parliament; also known as the Commonwealth Parliament or just Parliament) is the legislative branch of the government of Australia.

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Parliament of the United Kingdom

The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.

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Premier of New South Wales

The Premier of New South Wales is the head of government in the state of New South Wales, Australia.

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Premier of Queensland

The Premier of Queensland is the head of government in the Australian state of Queensland.

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Premier of Victoria

The Premier of Victoria is the Head of government in the Australian state of Victoria.

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Prime Minister of Australia

The Prime Minister of Australia (sometimes informally abbreviated to PM) is the head of government of Australia.

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Privy council

A privy council is a body that advises the head of state of a nation, typically, but not always, in the context of a monarchic government.

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Protectionism

Protectionism is the economic policy of restricting imports from other countries through methods such as tariffs on imported goods, import quotas, and a variety of other government regulations.

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Provinces and territories of Canada

The provinces and territories of Canada are the sub-national governments within the geographical areas of Canada under the authority of the Canadian Constitution.

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Queen Victoria

Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death.

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Queensland

Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.

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Referendum

A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is invited to vote on a particular proposal.

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Reform movement

A reform movement is a type of social movement that aims to bring a social or political system closer to the community's ideal.

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Responsible government

Responsible government is a conception of a system of government that embodies the principle of parliamentary accountability, the foundation of the Westminster system of parliamentary democracy.

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Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos

Richard Plantagenet Campbell Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville, 3rd Duke of Buckingham and Chandos, (10 September 1823 – 26 March 1889), styled Earl Temple until 1839 and Marquess of Chandos from 1839 to 1861, was a British soldier, politician and administrator of the 19th century.

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Robert Garran

Sir Robert Randolph Garran GCMG KC (10 February 1867 – 11 January 1957) was an Australian lawyer and the first Australian public servant, an early leading expert in Australian constitutional law, the first employee of the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia and the first Solicitor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia.

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Royal assent

Royal assent or sanction is the method by which a country's monarch (possibly through a delegated official) formally approves an act of that nation's parliament.

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Samuel Griffith

Sir Samuel Walker Griffith (21 June 1845 – 9 August 1920) was an Australian judge and politician who served as the inaugural Chief Justice of Australia, in office from 1903 to 1919.

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Secessionism in Western Australia

Secessionism has been a recurring feature of Western Australia's political landscape since shortly after British settlement in 1829.

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Section 51 of the Constitution of Australia

Section 51 of the Constitution of Australia grants legislative powers to the Australian (Commonwealth) Parliament only when subject to the constitution.

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Self-governing colony

In the British Empire, a self-governing colony was a colony with an elected government in which elected rulers were able to make most decisions without referring to the colonial power with nominal control of the colony.

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Separation of powers in Australia

The doctrine of the separation of powers in Australia divides the institutions of government into three branches: legislative, executive and judicial.

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South Australia

South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a state in the southern central part of Australia.

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Stafford Bird

Bolton Stafford Bird CMG (30 January 1840 – 15 December 1924) was an English-born Australian Congregationalist clergyman, farmer and politician.

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Sugarcane

Sugarcane, or sugar cane, are several species of tall perennial true grasses of the genus Saccharum, tribe Andropogoneae, native to the warm temperate to tropical regions of South and Southeast Asia, Polynesia and Melanesia, and used for sugar production.

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Swiss Federal Constitution

The Federal Constitution of the Swiss Confederation (SR 10, Bundesverfassung der Schweizerischen Eidgenossenschaft (BV), Constitution fédérale de la Confédération suisse (Cst.), Costituzione federale della Confederazione Svizzera (Cost.), Constituziun federala da la Confederaziun svizra) of 18 April 1999 (SR 101) is the third and current federal constitution of Switzerland.

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Tariff

A tariff is a tax on imports or exports between sovereign states.

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Tasmania

Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.

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Telegraphy

Telegraphy (from Greek: τῆλε têle, "at a distance" and γράφειν gráphein, "to write") is the long-distance transmission of textual or symbolic (as opposed to verbal or audio) messages without the physical exchange of an object bearing the message.

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Tenterfield Oration

The Tenterfield Oration was a speech given by Sir Henry Parkes, Premier of the Colony of New South Wales at the Tenterfield School of Arts in rural New South Wales, Australia on 24 October 1889.

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The Crown

The Crown is the state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth realms and their sub-divisions (such as Crown dependencies, provinces, or states).

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Thomas McIlwraith

Sir Thomas McIlwraith (17 May 1835 – 17 July 1900) was for many years the dominant figure of colonial politics in Queensland.

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Thomas Playford II

Thomas Playford (26 November 1837 – 19 April 1915) served as Premier of South Australia and Treasurer from 11 June 1887 to 26 June 1889 and 8 August 1890 to 20 June 1892, as well as serving as the Australian Federal Minister for Defence from 1905 to 1907.

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Unitarianism

Unitarianism (from Latin unitas "unity, oneness", from unus "one") is historically a Christian theological movement named for its belief that the God in Christianity is one entity, as opposed to the Trinity (tri- from Latin tres "three") which defines God as three persons in one being; the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

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United States Congress

The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the Federal government of the United States.

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United States Constitution

The United States Constitution is the supreme law of the United States.

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Victoria (Australia)

Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.

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Western Australia

Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia.

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Westminster system

The Westminster system is a parliamentary system of government developed in the United Kingdom.

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White Australia policy

The term White Australia policy comprises various historical policies that effectively barred people of non-European descent from emigrating into Australia.

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William McMillan (Australian politician)

Sir William McMillan KCMG (14 November 1850 – 21 December 1926) was Deputy Leader of the Free Trade Party in Australia businessman. Alfred Deakin said he was a "thoughtful, educated businessman, narrow and cold after the manner of the Manchester School … business-like in manner and incisive in debate".

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William Russell (New Zealand politician)

Sir William Russell Russell (12 November 1838 – 24 September 1913) was a New Zealand politician from 1870 to 1905.

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Redirects here:

Australian Federation, Australian federation, Federation (Australia), Federation of australia.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federation_of_Australia

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