121 relations: Abettor, Accessory (legal term), Ammunition, Appeal, Application for employment, Arson, Assault, Asset forfeiture, Backberend and Handhabend, Battery (crime), Belgium, Benefit of clergy, Blackmail, Body armor, Brazil, Breach of the peace, Burglary, Capital punishment, Capital punishment in the United Kingdom, Cheque fraud, Child pornography, Civil and political rights, Civil law (legal system), Cocaine, Collateral consequences of criminal conviction, Common law, Compassionate release, Compounding a felony, Computer Fraud and Abuse Act, Constitution of Ireland, Contravention, Copyright infringement, Crime, Criminal conversion, Criminal law, Criminal Law Act 1967, Criminal sentencing in the United States, Cruelty to animals, Delict, Deportation, Driving under the influence, Employment discrimination against persons with criminal records in the United States, Expungement in the United States, Extortion, False pretenses, Federal crime in the United States, Felony disenfranchisement, Felony murder rule, Firearm, Forfeiture Act 1870, ..., Forgery, Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, France, Fraud, Heroin, High crimes and misdemeanors, High treason, Illegal drug trade, Imprisonment, Indictable offence, Intention (criminal law), Irish Statute Book, Italy, Joan Burton, Jury, Kidnapping, Larceny, Law Commission (England and Wales), Law of the Republic of Ireland, License, Life imprisonment, Mail and wire fraud, Manslaughter, Misdemeanor, Model Penal Code, Murder, Obstruction of justice, Oireachtas, One strike, you're out, Owen Hood Phillips, Oxford University Press, Pardon, Parliamentary privilege, Parole, Perjury, Plea bargain, Portugal, Prison, Probation, Property, Proportionality (law), Psychological trauma, Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, Rape, Seanad Éireann, Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005, Seriousness, Sexual assault, Spain, Substance abuse, Summary offence, Supreme Court of the United States, Suspended sentence, Sweet & Maxwell, Switzerland, Tax evasion, The New Jim Crow, Theft, Threatening government officials of the United States, Three-strikes law, Treason, Treason in the Republic of Ireland, Trials for Felony Act 1836, United States, United States district court, Vandalism, Vehicular homicide, Virginia, Welfare, William Blackstone, Wound. Expand index (71 more) » « Shrink index
Abettor (from to abet, Old French abeter, à and beter, to bait, urge dogs upon any one; this word is probably of Scandinavian origin, meaning to cause to bite), is a legal term implying one who instigates, encourages or assists another to commit an offence.
An accessory is a person who assists in the commission of a crime, but who does not actually participate in the commission of the crime as a joint principal.
Ammunition (informally ammo) is the material fired, scattered, dropped or detonated from any weapon.
In law, an appeal is the process in which cases are reviewed, where parties request a formal change to an official decision.
An application for employment is an standard business document which is prepared with questions deemed relevant by an employer in order for the employer to determine the best candidate to be given the responsibility of fulfilling the work needs of the company.
Arson is a crime of intentionally, deliberately and maliciously setting fire to buildings, wildland areas, abandoned homes, vehicles or other property with the intent to cause damage or enjoy the act.
An assault is the act of inflicting physical harm or unwanted physical contact upon a person or, in some specific legal definitions, a threat or attempt to commit such an action.
Asset forfeiture or asset seizure is a form of confiscation of assets by the state.
In Anglo-Saxon law, backberend (also spelled backberende or back-berande) was a term applied to a thief who was found having the stolen goods in his possession.
Battery is a criminal offense involving the unlawful physical acting upon a threat, distinct from assault which is the act of creating apprehension of such contact.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
In English law, the benefit of clergy (Law Latin: privilegium clericale) was originally a provision by which clergymen could claim that they were outside the jurisdiction of the secular courts and be tried instead in an ecclesiastical court under canon law.
Blackmail is an act, often criminal, involving unjustified threats to make a gain—most commonly money or property—or cause loss to another unless a demand is met.
Body armor/armour, personal armor/armour, suits of armour or coats of armour all refer to protective clothing, designed to absorb and/or deflect slashing, bludgeoning and penetrating attacks by weapons.
Brazil (Brasil), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Breach of the peace, or disturbing the peace, is a legal term used in constitutional law in English-speaking countries, and in a wider public order sense in the several jurisdictions of the United Kingdom.
Burglary (also called breaking and entering and sometimes housebreaking) is an unlawful entry into a building or other location for the purposes of committing an offence.
Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime.
Capital punishment in the United Kingdom was used from ancient times until the second half of the 20th century.
Cheque fraud refers to a category of criminal acts that involve making the unlawful use of cheques in order to illegally acquire or borrow funds that do not exist within the account balance or account-holder's legal ownership.
Child pornography is pornography that exploits children for sexual stimulation.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
Civil law, civilian law, or Roman law is a legal system originating in Europe, intellectualized within the framework of Roman law, the main feature of which is that its core principles are codified into a referable system which serves as the primary source of law.
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
Collateral consequences of criminal conviction are the additional civil state penalties, mandated by statute, that attach to criminal convictions.
Common law (also known as judicial precedent or judge-made law, or case law) is that body of law derived from judicial decisions of courts and similar tribunals.
Compassionate release is a process by which inmates in criminal justice systems may be eligible for immediate early release on grounds of "particularly extraordinary or compelling circumstances which could not reasonably have been foreseen by the court at the time of sentencing".
Compounding a felony was an offence under the common law of England and was classified as a misdemeanour.
The Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA) is a United States cybersecurity bill that was enacted in 1986 as an amendment to existing computer fraud law, which had been included in the Comprehensive Crime Control Act of 1984.
The Constitution of Ireland (Bunreacht na hÉireann) is the fundamental law of the Republic of Ireland.
In many civil law countries (e.g.: France, Belgium, Switzerland, Portugal, Italy, Brazil) a contravention is a non-criminal offense, similar to an infraction or civil penalty in common law countries.
Copyright infringement is the use of works protected by copyright law without permission, infringing certain exclusive rights granted to the copyright holder, such as the right to reproduce, distribute, display or perform the protected work, or to make derivative works.
In ordinary language, a crime is an unlawful act punishable by a state or other authority.
Criminal conversion is a crime, limited to parts of common law systems outside England and Wales, of exerting unauthorized use or control of someone else's property, at a minimum personal property, but in some jurisdictions also applying to types of real property, such as land (to squatting or holding over) or to patents, design rights and trademarks.
Criminal law is the body of law that relates to crime.
The Criminal Law Act 1967 (c.58) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
In the United States, sentencing law varies by jurisdiction.
Cruelty to animals, also called animal abuse, animal neglect or animal cruelty, is the infliction by omission (animal neglect) or by commission by humans of suffering or harm upon any non-human animal.
Delict (from Latin dēlictum, past participle of dēlinquere ‘to be at fault, offend’) is a term in civil law jurisdictions for a civil wrong consisting of an intentional or negligent breach of duty of care that inflicts loss or harm and which triggers legal liability for the wrongdoer; however, its meaning varies from one jurisdiction to another.
Deportation is the expulsion of a person or group of people from a place or country.
Driving under the influence (DUI), driving while impaired/driving while intoxicated (DWI), operating while intoxicated (OWI), or drink-driving (UK) is currently the crime or offense of driving or operating a motor vehicle while impaired by alcohol or other drugs (including recreational drugs and those prescribed by physicians), to a level that renders the driver incapable of operating a motor vehicle safely.
Employment discrimination against persons with criminal records in the United States has been illegal since passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Expungement in the United States is a process which varies across jurisdictions.
Extortion (also called shakedown, outwrestling and exaction) is a criminal offense of obtaining money, property, or services from an individual or institution, through coercion.
In criminal law, property is obtained by false pretenses when the acquisition results from intentional misrepresenting of a past or existing fact.
In the United States, a federal crime or federal offense is an act that is made illegal by U.S. federal legislation.
Felony disenfranchisement is the exclusion from voting of people otherwise eligible to vote (known as disfranchisement) due to conviction of a criminal offense, usually restricted to the more serious class of crimes: felonies (crimes of incarceration for a duration of more than a year).
The rule of felony murder is a legal doctrine in some common law jurisdictions that broadens the crime of murder: when an offender kills (regardless of intent to kill) in the commission of a dangerous or enumerated crime (called a felony in some jurisdictions), the offender, and also the offender's accomplices or co-conspirators, may be found guilty of murder.
A firearm is a portable gun (a barreled ranged weapon) that inflicts damage on targets by launching one or more projectiles driven by rapidly expanding high-pressure gas produced by exothermic combustion (deflagration) of propellant within an ammunition cartridge.
The Forfeiture Act 1870 (c. 23) is a British Act of Parliament that abolished the automatic forfeiture of goods and land as a punishment for treason and felony.
Forgery is the process of making, adapting, or imitating objects, statistics, or documents with the intent to deceive for the sake of altering the public perception, or to earn profit by selling the forged item.
The Fourteenth Amendment (Amendment XIV) to the United States Constitution was adopted on July 9, 1868, as one of the Reconstruction Amendments.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
In law, fraud is deliberate deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain, or to deprive a victim of a legal right.
Heroin, also known as diamorphine among other names, is an opioid most commonly used as a recreational drug for its euphoric effects.
The charge of high crimes and misdemeanors covers allegations of misconduct peculiar to officials, such as perjury of oath, abuse of authority, bribery, intimidation, misuse of assets, failure to supervise, dereliction of duty, unbecoming conduct, and refusal to obey a lawful order.
Treason is criminal disloyalty.
The illegal drug trade or drug trafficking is a global black market dedicated to the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of drugs that are subject to drug prohibition laws.
Imprisonment (from imprison Old French, French emprisonner, from en in + prison prison, from Latin prensio, arrest, from prehendere, prendere, to seize) is the restraint of a person's liberty, for any cause whatsoever, whether by authority of the government, or by a person acting without such authority.
In many common law jurisdictions (e.g., England and Wales, Ireland, Canada, Hong Kong, India, Australia, New Zealand, Malaysia, Singapore), an indictable offence is an offence which can only be tried on an indictment after a preliminary hearing to determine whether there is a prima facie case to answer or by a grand jury (in contrast to a summary offence).
In criminal law, intent is one of three general classes of mens rea necessary to constitute a conventional, as opposed to strict liability, crime.
The Irish Statute Book, also known as the electronic Irish Statute Book (eISB), is a database produced by the Office of the Attorney General of Ireland.
Italy (Italia), officially the Italian Republic (Repubblica Italiana), is a sovereign state in Europe.
Joan Burton (born 1 February 1949) is an Irish Labour Party politician who served as Tánaiste and Leader of the Labour Party from 2014 to 2016, Minister for Social Protection from 2011 to 2016, Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from 2007 to 2014, Minister of State at the Department of Foreign Affairs from 1994 to 1997 and Minister of State at the Department of Social Welfare 1993 to 1994.
A jury is a sworn body of people convened to render an impartial verdict (a finding of fact on a question) officially submitted to them by a court, or to set a penalty or judgment.
In criminal law, kidnapping is the unlawful carrying away (asportation) and confinement of a person against his or her will.
Larceny is a crime involving the unlawful taking of the personal property of another person or business.
In England and Wales the Law Commission (Comisiwm y Gyfraith) is an independent body set up by Parliament by the Law Commissions Act 1965 to keep the law of England and Wales under review and to recommend reforms.
The law of Ireland consists of constitutional, statute and common law.
A license (American English) or licence (British English) is an official permission or permit to do, use, or own something (as well as the document of that permission or permit).
Life imprisonment (also known as imprisonment for life, life in prison, a life sentence, a life term, lifelong incarceration, life incarceration or simply life) is any sentence of imprisonment for a crime under which convicted persons are to remain in prison either for the rest of their natural life or until paroled.
In the United States, mail and wire fraud is any fraudulent scheme to intentionally deprive another of property or honest services via mail or wire communication.
Manslaughter is a common law legal term for homicide considered by law as less culpable than murder.
A misdemeanor (American English, spelled misdemeanour in British English) is any "lesser" criminal act in some common law legal systems.
The Model Penal Code (MPC) is a text designed to stimulate and assist U.S. state legislatures to update and standardize the penal law of the United States of America.
Murder is the unlawful killing of another human without justification or valid excuse, especially the unlawful killing of another human being with malice aforethought.
Obstruction of justice, in United States jurisdictions, is the crime of obstructing prosecutors or other (usually government) officials.
The Oireachtas, sometimes referred to as Oireachtas Éireann, is the legislature of Ireland.
One strike, you're out is a colloquial term for a policy which allows tenants living in housing projects or otherwise receiving housing assistance from the federal government to be evicted if they, or any guest or visitor under their more-or-less direct control, engage in certain types of criminal activity on or, in some cases, even off the premises of said housing.
Owen Hood Phillips (1907 - 1986) was Barber Professor of Jurisprudence in the University of Birmingham and Dean of the Faculty of Law, Vice-Principal and Pro-Vice-Chancellor of that university.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
A pardon is a government decision to allow a person to be absolved of guilt for an alleged crime or other legal offense, as if the act never occurred.
Parliamentary privilege is a legal immunity enjoyed by members of certain legislatures, in which legislators are granted protection against civil or criminal liability for actions done or statements made in the course of their legislative duties.
Parole is a temporary release of a prisoner who agrees to certain conditions before the completion of the maximum sentence period, originating from the French parole ("voice, spoken words").
Perjury is the intentional act of swearing a false oath or falsifying an affirmation to tell the truth, whether spoken or in writing, concerning matters a generation material to an official proceeding.
The plea bargain (also plea agreement, plea deal, copping a plea, or plea in mitigation) is any agreement in a criminal case between the prosecutor and defendant whereby the defendant agrees to plead guilty to a particular charge in return for some concession from the prosecutor.
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
A prison, also known as a correctional facility, jail, gaol (dated, British English), penitentiary (American English), detention center (American English), or remand center is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state.
Probation in criminal law is a period of supervision over an offender, ordered by the court instead of serving time in prison.
Property, in the abstract, is what belongs to or with something, whether as an attribute or as a component of said thing.
Proportionality is a general principle in law which covers several special (although related) concepts.
Psychological trauma is a type of damage to the mind that occurs as a result of a severely distressing event.
The Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act, commonly referred to as the RICO Act or simply RICO, is a United States federal law that provides for extended criminal penalties and a civil cause of action for acts performed as part of an ongoing criminal organization.
Rape is a type of sexual assault usually involving sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual penetration carried out against a person without that person's consent.
Seanad Éireann (Senate of Ireland) is the government upper house of the Oireachtas (the Irish legislature), which also comprises the President of Ireland and Dáil Éireann (the lower house).
The Serious Organized Crime and Police Act 2005 (c.15) (often abbreviated to SOCPA) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom aimed primarily at creating the Serious Organised Crime Agency.
Seriousness (noun; adjective: serious) is an attitude of gravity, solemnity, persistence, and earnestness toward something considered to be of importance.
Sexual assault is an act in which a person coerces or physically forces a person to engage in a sexual act against their will.
Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.
Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a drug in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods which are harmful to themselves or others, and is a form of substance-related disorder.
A summary offence is a crime in some common law jurisdictions that can be proceeded against summarily, without the right to a jury trial and/or indictment (required for an indictable offence).
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
A suspended sentence is a legal term for a judge's delaying of a defendant's serving of a sentence after they have been found guilty, in order to allow the defendant to perform a period of probation.
Sweet & Maxwell is a British publisher specialising in legal publications.
Switzerland, officially the Swiss Confederation, is a sovereign state in Europe.
Tax evasion is the illegal evasion of taxes by individuals, corporations, and trusts.
The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness is a book by Michelle Alexander, a civil rights litigator and legal scholar.
In common usage, theft is the taking of another person's property or services without that person's permission or consent with the intent to deprive the rightful owner of it.
Threatening government officials of the United States is a felony under federal law.
In the United States, habitual offender laws (commonly referred to as three-strikes laws) were first implemented on March 7, 1994 and are part of the United States Justice Department's Anti-Violence Strategy.
In law, treason is the crime that covers some of the more extreme acts against one's nation or sovereign.
The crime of treason is defined by Article 39 of the Constitution of Ireland, adopted in 1937, which states.
The Trials for Felony Act 1836 (6 & 7 Will 4 c 114) was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system.
Vandalism is an "action involving deliberate destruction of or damage to public or private property".
Vehicular homicide is a crime that involves the death of a person other than the driver as a result of either criminally negligent or murderous operation of a motor vehicle.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Welfare is a government support for the citizens and residents of society.
Sir William Blackstone (10 July 1723 – 14 February 1780) was an English jurist, judge and Tory politician of the eighteenth century.
A wound is a type of injury which happens relatively quickly in which skin is torn, cut, or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound).