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Fenian raids

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Between 1866 and 1871, the Fenian raids of the Fenian Brotherhood, an Irish Republican organization based in the United States, on British army forts, customs posts and other targets in Canada, were fought to bring pressure on Britain to withdraw from Ireland. [1]

90 relations: Alexander Muir, American Civil War, Andrew Johnson, Anti-Americanism, Battle of Eccles Hill, Battle of Fort Erie (1866), Battle of Ridgeway, British, British Army, British Columbia, British North America, Buffalo, New York, Campobello Island, Canada, Canada East, Canada in the American Civil War, Canadian Confederation, Canadian nationalism, Canadian Pacific Railway, Charles Hastings Doyle, Confederate States of America, Dakota Territory, Danville, Quebec, Fenian, Fenian Brotherhood, Fenian dynamite campaign, Fenian Rising, George Meade, George-Étienne Cartier, Hudson's Bay Company, Huntingdon, Quebec, Infantry square, Ireland, Irish Canadians, Irish republicanism, James Stephens (Fenian), John A. Macdonald, John O'Mahony, John O'Neill (Fenian), John Stoughton Dennis, Lake Erie, List of Irish uprisings, Louis Riel, Lower Canada, Loyd Wheaton, Maine, Malone, New York, Métis in Canada, New Brunswick, Niagara River, ..., Nova Scotia, Ogdensburg, New York, Ontario, Orange Order, Orange Order in Canada, Passamaquoddy Bay, Pattern 1853 Enfield, Pembina, North Dakota, Pigeon Hill (St. Armand), Port Colborne, President of the United States, Protestantism, Province of Canada, Quebec, Raid on Port Dover, Regular Army (United States), Ridgeway, Ontario, Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own), Saint Lawrence River, Saint Paul, Minnesota, Spencer repeating rifle, Springfield Model 1861, The Maple Leaf Forever, The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada, The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment), Thomas Miller Beach, Thomas William Sweeny, Timothy O'Hea, Trout River (Northwest Territories), Ulysses S. Grant, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United States, United States Army, United States Navy, Upper Canada, Vancouver, Welland Canal, William Osborne Smith, William R. Roberts, Winnipeg. Expand index (40 more) »

Alexander Muir

Alexander Muir (5 April 1830 – 26 June 1906) was a Canadian songwriter, poet, soldier, and school headmaster.

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American Civil War

The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.

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Andrew Johnson

Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 July 31, 1875) was the 17th President of the United States, serving from 1865 to 1869.

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Anti-Americanism

Anti-Americanism, anti-American sentiment, or sometimes Americanophobia, is dislike of or opposition to the governmental policies of the United States, especially regarding the foreign policy, or the American people in general.

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Battle of Eccles Hill

The Battle of Eccles Hill was part of a raid into Canadian territory from the United States led by John O'Neill of the Fenian Brotherhood.

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Battle of Fort Erie (1866)

The Battle of Fort Erie was a bloody skirmish in the afternoon immediately following the Battle of Ridgeway on June 2, 1866 in Canada West.

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Battle of Ridgeway

The Battle of Ridgeway (sometimes the Battle of Lime Ridge or Limestone Ridge) was fought in the vicinity of the town of Fort Erie across the Niagara River from Buffalo, New York, near the village of Ridgeway, Canada West, currently Ontario, Canada, on June 2, 1866, between Canadian troops and an irregular army of Irish-American invaders, the Fenians.

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British

British may refer to.

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British Army

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.

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British Columbia

British Columbia (BC; Colombie-Britannique) is the westernmost province of Canada, located between the Pacific Ocean and the Rocky Mountains.

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British North America

The term "British North America" refers to the former territories of the British Empire on the mainland of North America.

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Buffalo, New York

Buffalo is the second largest city in the state of New York and the 81st most populous city in the United States.

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Campobello Island

Campobello Island is an island located at the entrance to Passamaquoddy Bay, adjacent to the entrance to Cobscook Bay, and within the Bay of Fundy.

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Canada

Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Canada East

Canada East (Canada-Est) was the northeastern portion of the United Province of Canada.

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Canada in the American Civil War

At the time of the American Civil War, Canada did not yet exist as a federated nation.

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Canadian Confederation

Canadian Confederation (Confédération canadienne) was the process by which the British colonies of Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were united into one Dominion of Canada on July 1, 1867.

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Canadian nationalism

Canadian nationalism seeks to promote the unity, independence, and well-being of Canada and Canadians.

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Canadian Pacific Railway

The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR), also known formerly as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a historic Canadian Class I railroad incorporated in 1881.

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Charles Hastings Doyle

General Sir Charles Hastings Doyle, (10 April 1804 – 19 March 1883) was a British military officer and he was the second Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia post Confederation and the first Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick.

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Confederate States of America

The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.

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Dakota Territory

The Territory of Dakota was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from March 2, 1861, until November 2, 1889, when the final extent of the reduced territory was split and admitted to the Union as the states of North and South Dakota.

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Danville, Quebec

Danville is a city in the administrative region of Estrie, in the Canadian province of Quebec.

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Fenian

Fenian was an umbrella term for the Fenian Brotherhood and Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB), fraternal organisations dedicated to the establishment of an independent Irish Republic in the 19th and early 20th centuries.

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Fenian Brotherhood

The Fenian Brotherhood was an Irish republican organisation founded in the United States in 1858 by John O'Mahony and Michael Doheny.

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Fenian dynamite campaign

The Fenian dynamite campaign (or Fenian bombing campaign) was a bombing campaign orchestrated by Irish republicans against the British Empire, between the years 1881 and 1885.

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Fenian Rising

The Fenian Rising of 1867 (Éirí Amach na bhFíníní, 1867) was a rebellion against British rule in Ireland, organised by the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB).

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George Meade

George Gordon Meade (December 31, 1815 – November 6, 1872) was a career United States Army officer and civil engineer best known for defeating Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Gettysburg in the American Civil War.

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George-Étienne Cartier

Sir George-Étienne Cartier, 1st Baronet, (pronounced; September 6, 1814May 20, 1873) was a Canadian statesman and Father of Confederation.

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Hudson's Bay Company

The Hudson's Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie d'Hudson) is a Canadian retail business group.

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Huntingdon, Quebec

Huntingdon is a small town in Huntingdon County in the Haut-Saint-Laurent Regional County Municipality and the Montérégie region of the province of Quebec, Canada.

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Infantry square

Historically an infantry square, also known as a hollow square, is a combat formation an infantry unit forms in close order usually when threatened with cavalry attack.

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Ireland

Ireland (Éire; Ulster-Scots: Airlann) is an island in the North Atlantic.

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Irish Canadians

Irish Canadians (Gaedheal-Cheanadaigh) are Canadian citizens who have full or partial Irish heritage including descendants who trace their ancestry to immigrants who originated in Ireland.

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Irish republicanism

Irish republicanism (poblachtánachas Éireannach) is an ideology based on the belief that all of Ireland should be an independent republic.

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James Stephens (Fenian)

James Stephens (26 January 1825 – 29 March 1901) was an Irish Republican, and the founding member of an originally unnamed revolutionary organisation in Dublin.

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John A. Macdonald

Sir John Alexander Macdonald (11 January 1815 – 6 June 1891) was the first Prime Minister of Canada (1867–1873, 1878–1891).

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John O'Mahony

John Francis O'Mahony (1816 – 7 February 1877) was a Gaelic scholar and the founding member of the Fenian Brotherhood in the United States, sister organisation to the Irish Republican Brotherhood.

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John O'Neill (Fenian)

John Charles O'Neill (9 March 1834 – 7 January 1878) was an Irish-born officer in the American Civil War and member of the Fenian Brotherhood.

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John Stoughton Dennis

Lieutenant-Colonel John Stoughton Dennis (19 October 1820 – 7 July 1885) was a Canadian surveyor, militia officer, and civil servant, born in Kingston, Upper Canada.

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Lake Erie

Lake Erie is the fourth-largest lake (by surface area) of the five Great Lakes in North America, and the eleventh-largest globally if measured in terms of surface area.

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List of Irish uprisings

This is a list of uprisings by Irish people against English and British claims of sovereignty in Ireland.

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Louis Riel

Louis David Riel (22 October 1844 – 16 November 1885) was a Canadian politician, a founder of the province of Manitoba, and a political leader of the Métis people of the Canadian Prairies.

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Lower Canada

The Province of Lower Canada (province du Bas-Canada) was a British colony on the lower Saint Lawrence River and the shores of the Gulf of Saint Lawrence (1791–1841).

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Loyd Wheaton

Loyd Wheaton (July 15, 1838 – September 17, 1918) was a United States general who fought in the Philippine–American War and in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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Maine

Maine is a U.S. state in the New England region of the northeastern United States.

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Malone, New York

Malone is a town in Franklin County, New York, United States.

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Métis in Canada

The Métis in Canada are a group of peoples in Canada who trace their descent to First Nations peoples and European settlers.

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New Brunswick

New Brunswick (Nouveau-Brunswick; Canadian French pronunciation) is one of three Maritime provinces on the east coast of Canada.

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Niagara River

The Niagara River is a river that flows north from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario.

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Nova Scotia

Nova Scotia (Latin for "New Scotland"; Nouvelle-Écosse; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh) is one of Canada's three maritime provinces, and one of the four provinces that form Atlantic Canada.

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Ogdensburg, New York

Ogdensburg is a city in St. Lawrence County, New York, United States.

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Ontario

Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.

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Orange Order

The Loyal Orange Institution, more commonly known as the Orange Order, is a Protestant fraternal order based primarily in Northern Ireland.

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Orange Order in Canada

The Grand Orange Lodge of British America, more commonly known as the Grand Orange Lodge of Canada or simply Orange Order in Canada, is the Canadian branch of the Orange Order, a Protestant fraternal organization that began in County Armagh, Ireland, in 1795.

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Passamaquoddy Bay

Passamaquoddy Bay is an inlet of the Bay of Fundy, between the U.S. state of Maine and the Canadian province of New Brunswick, at the mouth of the St. Croix River.

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Pattern 1853 Enfield

The Enfield Pattern 1853 rifle-musket (also known as the Pattern 1853 Enfield, P53 Enfield, and Enfield rifle-musket) was a.577 calibre Minié-type muzzle-loading rifled musket, used by the British Empire from 1853 to 1867, after which many Enfield 1853 rifle-muskets were converted to (and replaced in service by) the cartridge-loaded Snider–Enfield rifle.

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Pembina, North Dakota

Pembina is a city in Pembina County, North Dakota, United States.

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Pigeon Hill (St. Armand)

Pigeon Hill is a former village that is now part of the municipality of Saint-Armand, Quebec in Canada, with 25 houses that look out over the farmlands of Quebec to the north and the hills of Vermont to the south.

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Port Colborne

Port Colborne (2016 population 18,306) is a city on Lake Erie, at the southern end of the Welland Canal, in the Niagara Region of southern Ontario, Canada.

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President of the United States

The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.

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Protestantism

Protestantism is the second largest form of Christianity with collectively more than 900 million adherents worldwide or nearly 40% of all Christians.

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Province of Canada

The Province of Canada (or the United Province of Canada or the United Canadas) was a British colony in North America from 1841 to 1867.

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Quebec

Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.

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Raid on Port Dover

The Raid on Port Dover was an episode during the Anglo-American War of 1812.

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Regular Army (United States)

The Regular Army of the United States succeeded the Continental Army as the country's permanent, professional land-based military force.

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Ridgeway, Ontario

Ridgeway is a small, unincorporated village in Fort Erie, Ontario, Canada.

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Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own)

The Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own) was an infantry rifle regiment of the British Army formed in January 1800 as the "Experimental Corps of Riflemen" to provide sharpshooters, scouts, and skirmishers.

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Saint Lawrence River

The Saint Lawrence River (Fleuve Saint-Laurent; Tuscarora: Kahnawáʼkye; Mohawk: Kaniatarowanenneh, meaning "big waterway") is a large river in the middle latitudes of North America.

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Saint Paul, Minnesota

Saint Paul (abbreviated St. Paul) is the capital and second-most populous city of the U.S. state of Minnesota.

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Spencer repeating rifle

The Spencer 1860 was an American lever action rifle.

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Springfield Model 1861

The Springfield Model 1861 was a Minié-type rifled musket shoulder-arm used by the United States Army and Marine Corps during the American Civil War.

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The Maple Leaf Forever

"The Maple Leaf Forever" is a Canadian song written by Alexander Muir (1830–1906) in 1867, the year of Canada's Confederation.

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The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada

The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada is a Primary Reserve regiment of the Canadian Armed Forces, based in Toronto.

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The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment)

The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment) (RHLI) is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army, based at John W. Foote VC Armoury in Hamilton, Ontario.

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Thomas Miller Beach

Thomas Miller Beach (who used the alias Major Henri Le Caron) (September 26, 1841 – April 1, 1894) was an English spy.

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Thomas William Sweeny

Thomas William Sweeny (December 25, 1820 – April 10, 1892) was an Irish-American soldier who served in the Mexican-American War and then was a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

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Timothy O'Hea

Timothy O'Hea VC (1843 – 1874), born in Schull, County Cork, was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for valour that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

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Trout River (Northwest Territories)

Trout River is a river in the Northwest Territories of Canada.

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Ulysses S. Grant

Ulysses Simpson Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American soldier and statesman who served as Commanding General of the Army and the 18th President of the United States, the highest positions in the military and the government of the United States.

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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

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United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

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United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Navy

The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.

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Upper Canada

The Province of Upper Canada (province du Haut-Canada) was a part of British Canada established in 1791 by the Kingdom of Great Britain, to govern the central third of the lands in British North America and to accommodate Loyalist refugees of the United States after the American Revolution.

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Vancouver

Vancouver is a coastal seaport city in western Canada, located in the Lower Mainland region of British Columbia.

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Welland Canal

The Welland Canal is a ship canal in Ontario, Canada, connecting Lake Ontario and Lake Erie.

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William Osborne Smith

Lieutenant-Colonel William Osborne Smith (1833 – 11 May 1887) served as the first Acting Commissioner of the North-West Mounted Police, from 25 September to 17 October 1873.

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William R. Roberts

William Randall Roberts (February 6, 1830 – August 9, 1897) was a diplomat, Fenian Society member, and United States Representative from New York (1871–1875).

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Winnipeg

Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada.

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Redirects here:

Battle of Pigeon Hill (1866), Campobello Island Raid, Fenian Raid, Fenian Raids, Fenian raid, Pembina Raid, Pembina raid.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fenian_raids

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