104 relations: Ahmad al-Muqtadir, Al-Mamun of Toledo, Alcalá de Henares, Alfonso VI of León and Castile, Andregoto Galíndez, Álava, Bartolomé Bermejo, Basilica of San Isidoro, León, Battle of Atapuerca, Battle of Paterna, Battle of Tamarón, Berlanga de Duero, Bermudo III of León, Bermudo Núñez, Burgos, By the Grace of God, Castrillo del Val, Catholic Church, Cea (river), Chronicon complutense, Coimbra, Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor, Dominic of Silos, Douro, El Cid, Elvira of Toro, Ernst Steindorff, Fernando Bermúdez de Cea, Fernán González of Castile, Florence, Fragmentum historicum ex cartulario Alaonis, García Fernández of Castile, García II of Galicia, García Sánchez I of Pamplona, García Sánchez II of Pamplona, García Sánchez III of Pamplona, García Sánchez of Castile, Gonzalo of Sobrarbe and Ribagorza, Henry I of France, Henry III, Holy Roman Emperor, Historia silense, Holy Roman Emperor, Huérmeces, Imperator totius Hispaniae, Jaramillo Quemado, Jiménez dynasty, Juan de Mariana, Kingdom of Castile, Kingdom of Galicia, Kingdom of León, ..., La Bureba, La Rioja (Spain), Lamego, León Cathedral, León, Spain, List of Castilian counts, List of French monarchs, List of Leonese monarchs, Monastery of Irache, Monastery of Leyre, Monastery of San Pedro de Arlanza, Mondego River, Mozarabs, Muniadona of Castile, Pamplona Cathedral, Parias, Philip I of France, Pisuerga, Pope, Pope Urban I, Pope Urban II, Pope Victor II, Raid (military), Ramiro I of Aragon, Ramon Berenguer I, Count of Barcelona, Reconquista, Roman roads, Romancero, Royal Monastery of San Juan de la Peña, Sancha of León, Sancho García of Castile, Sancho II of Castile and León, Sancho II of Pamplona, Sancho III of Pamplona, Sancho IV of Pamplona, Santiuste, Soria, Taifa, Taifa of Badajoz, Taifa of Seville, Taifa of Toledo, Taifa of Tortosa, Taifa of Valencia, Taifa of Zaragoza, Talamanca (Bages), Toledo, Spain, Toro, Zamora, Urraca Fernández, Urraca of Covarrubias, Urraca of Zamora, Valencia, Viseu, Zamora, Spain, Zaragoza. Expand index (54 more) » « Shrink index
Ahmad ibn Sulayman al-Muqtadir (or just Moctadir; أبو جعفر أحمد "المقتدر بالله" بن سليمان, Abu Ja'far Ahmad al-Muqtadir bi-Llah ibn Sulayman) was a member of the Banu Hud family who ruled the Islamic taifa of Zaragoza, in what is now Spain, from 1049 to 1082.
Yahya ibn Ismail al-Mamun (died 1075) was a member of Berber Hawwara Dhunnunid dynasty who was king of the Taifa of Toledo between 1043 and 1075.
Alcalá de Henares, meaning Castle on the Henares (river), in Arabic قلعة النار, is a Spanish city located northeast of the country's capital, Madrid.
Alfonso VI (1 July 1109), nicknamed the Brave (El Bravo) or the Valiant, was the son of King Ferdinand I of León and Queen Sancha, daughter of Alfonso V and sister of Bermudo III.
Andregoto Galíndez (literally Lady Goth, daughter of Galindo, from Basque title andre) was daughter of Count Galindo II Aznárez Count of Aragon by his second wife, Sancha Garcés of Pamplona.
Álava (in Spanish) or Araba (in Basque, dialectal), officially Araba/Álava, is a province of Spain and a historical territory of the Basque Country, heir of the ancient Lordship of Álava, former medieval Catholic bishopric and now Latin titular see.
Bartolomé Bermejo (1440 – c.1501) was a Spanish painter who adopted Flemish painting techniques and conventions.
The Basílica de San Isidoro de León is a church in León, Spain, located on the site of an ancient Roman temple.
The Battle of Atapuerca was fought on 1 September 1054 at the site of Piedrahita ("standing stone") in the valley of Atapuerca between two brothers, King García Sánchez III of Navarre and King Ferdinand I of Castile.
The Battle of Paterna (Paterna, 1065) took place between the troops of the Kingdom of Leon, under the command of Ferdinand I of León and Castile, and those of the Taifa of Valencia, commanded by Abd al-Malik ben Abd al-Aziz al-Mansur.
The Battle of Tamarón took place on 4 September 1037 between Ferdinand, Count of Castile, and Vermudo III, King of León.
Berlanga de Duero is a municipality located in the province of Soria, Castile and León, Spain.
Bermudo III or Vermudo III (c. 1017 – 4 September 1037) was the king of León from 1028 until his death.
Bermudo Núñez (died c. 955), was a magnate from León and the first Count of Cea.
Burgos is a city in northern Spain and the historic capital of Castile.
By the Grace of God (Latin Dei Gratia, abbreviated D.G.) is an introductory part of the full styles of a monarch historically considered to be ruling by divine right, not a title in its own right.
Castrillo del Val is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain.
The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.
The Cea River is a river of northeastern Spain.
The Chronicon complutense sive alcobacense ("Complutensian Chronicle, that is, of Alcalá de Henares ") is a short medieval Latin history, in the form of annals, of events in Galicia and Portugal up to the death of Ferdinand I "the Great", whom the anonymous chronicler lauds as an "exceedingly strong emperor" (imperator fortissimus), in 1065.
Coimbra (Corumbriga)) is a city and a municipality in Portugal. The population at the 2011 census was 143,397, in an area of. The fourth-largest urban centre in Portugal (after Lisbon, Porto, Braga), it is the largest city of the district of Coimbra, the Centro region and the Baixo Mondego subregion. About 460,000 people live in the Região de Coimbra, comprising 19 municipalities and extending into an area. Among the many archaeological structures dating back to the Roman era, when Coimbra was the settlement of Aeminium, are its well-preserved aqueduct and cryptoporticus. Similarly, buildings from the period when Coimbra was the capital of Portugal (from 1131 to 1255) still remain. During the Late Middle Ages, with its decline as the political centre of the Kingdom of Portugal, Coimbra began to evolve into a major cultural centre. This was in large part helped by the establishment the University of Coimbra in 1290, the oldest academic institution in the Portuguese-speaking world. Apart from attracting many European and international students, the university is visited by many tourists for its monuments and history. Its historical buildings were classified as a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 2013: "Coimbra offers an outstanding example of an integrated university city with a specific urban typology as well as its own ceremonial and cultural traditions that have been kept alive through the ages.".
Conrad II (4 June 1039), also known as and, was Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1027 until his death in 1039.
Dominic of Silos, O.S.B., (Santo Domingo de Silos) (1000 – December 20, 1073) was a Spanish monk, to whom the Abbey of Santo Domingo de Silos, where he served as the abbot, is dedicated.
The Douro (Douro; Duero; translation) is one of the major rivers of the Iberian Peninsula, flowing from its source near Duruelo de la Sierra in Soria Province across northern-central Spain and Portugal to its outlet at Porto.
Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar (1099) was a Castilian nobleman and military leader in medieval Spain.
Elvira (Elvira de Toro; 1038/9 – 15 November 1101) was a Leonese infanta and the Lady of Toro, Zamora, the daughter of Ferdinand I of León and Castile and Sancha of León, and granddaughter-namesake of Elvira Menéndez, and also an aunt of Elvira of Castile, Queen of Sicily.
Ernst Steindorff (June 15, 1839 – April 9, 1895) was a German historian who was a native of Flensburg.
Fernando Bermúdez (died c. 978), the second Count of Cea, was the son of Bermudo Núñez and his wife Argilo.
Fernán González (died 970) was the first autonomous count of Castile, son of Gonzalo Fernández de Burgos, who had been named count of Arlanza and the Duero around the year 900, and by tradition a descendant of semi-legendary judge Nuño Rasura.
Florence (Firenze) is the capital city of the Italian region of Tuscany.
The Fragmentum historicum ex cartulario Alaonis ("historical fragment from the cartulary of Alaón"), also called the Crónica de Alaón renovada ("revised chronicle of Alaón"), is a short, anonymous chronicle of the County of Ribagorza.
García Fernández, called of the White Hands (Burgos, Córdoba, 995), was the count of Castile and Alava from 970 to 995.
García II (1041/April 104322 March 1090), King of Galicia and Portugal, was the youngest of the three sons and heirs of Ferdinand I, King of Castile and León, and Sancha of León, whose Leonese inheritance included the lands García would be given.
García Sánchez I (Basque: Gartzea I.a Santxez; c. 919 – 970), also known as García I, was King of Pamplona from 925 until his death in 970.
García Sánchez II (Basque: Gartzea II.a Santxez; dead c. 1000), was King of Pamplona and Count of Aragon from 994 until his death c. 1000.
García Sánchez III (Gartzea III.a Sanoitz; 1012 – 15 September 1054),Europäische Stammtafeln: II #56, III.1 #145; Moriarty, Plantagenet Ancestry of King Edward III and Queen Philippa of Hainault, p80, 109 nicknamed García from Nájera (Gartzea Naiarakoa, García el de Nájera) was King of Pamplona from 1034 until his death.
García Sánchez (died 1029) was the last independent count of Castile from 1017 to his death.
Gonzalo Sánchez (1020 – 26 June 1043) was ruler of Sobrarbe and Ribagorza, two small Pyrenean counties.
Henry I (4 May 1008 – 4 August 1060) was King of the Franks from 1031 to his death.
Henry III (28 October 1016 – 5 October 1056), called the Black or the Pious, was a member of the Salian Dynasty of Holy Roman Emperors.
The Historia silense, also called the Chronica silense or Historia seminense, and more properly Historia legionense, is a medieval Latin narrative history of the Iberian Peninsula from the time of the Visigoths (409–711) to the first years of the reign of Alfonso VI of León and Castile (1065–1073).
The Holy Roman Emperor (historically Romanorum Imperator, "Emperor of the Romans") was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire (800-1806 AD, from Charlemagne to Francis II).
Huérmeces is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain.
Imperator totius Hispaniae is a Latin title meaning "Emperor of all Spain".
Jaramillo Quemado is a municipality located in the province of Burgos, Castile and León, Spain.
The Jiménez or Giménez/Ximenes, alternatively called the Jimena, the Sancha, the Banu Sancho, the Abarca or the Banu Abarca,Alberto Cañada Juste, "¿Quién fue Sancho Abarca?, Príncipe de Viana, 73: 79-132.
Juan de Mariana, also known as Father Mariana (25 September 1536 – 17 February 1624), was a Spanish Jesuit priest, Scholastic, historian, and member of the Monarchomachs.
The Kingdom of Castile (Reino de Castilla, Regnum Castellae) was a large and powerful state on the Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Ages.
The Kingdom of Galicia (Reino de Galicia, or Galiza; Reino de Galicia; Reino da Galiza; Galliciense Regnum) was a political entity located in southwestern Europe, which at its territorial zenith occupied the entire northwest of the Iberian Peninsula.
The Kingdom of León (Astur-Leonese: Reinu de Llïón, Reino de León, Reino de León, Reino de Leão, Regnum Legionense) was an independent kingdom situated in the northwest region of the Iberian Peninsula.
La Bureba is a comarca located in the northeast of the Province of Burgos in the autonomous community of Castile and León, Spain.
La Rioja is an autonomous community and a province in Spain, located in the north of the Iberian Peninsula.
Lamego (Lamecum) is a city and municipality in the Viseu District, in the Norte Region of the Douro in northern Portugal.
Santa María de León Cathedral, also called The House of Light or the Pulchra Leonina is situated in the city of León in north-western Spain.
León is the capital of the province of León, located in the northwest of Spain.
This is a list of counts of Castile.
The monarchs of the Kingdom of France and its predecessors (and successor monarchies) ruled from the establishment of the Kingdom of the Franks in 486 until the fall of the Second French Empire in 1870, with several interruptions.
In the reign of Ordoño I of Asturias (850–866), the kingdom began to be known as that of León.
Santa María la Real de Irache (also Hyrache, or, in Basque, Iratxe) is a former Benedictine monastery located in the town of Ayegui, Navarre, Spain.
The Monastery of San Salvador of Leyre is a religious complex to the south of the Sierra of Leyre, in northern Navarre, Spain, representing one of the most important historical monasteries of Spain.
San Pedro de Arlanza is a ruined Benedictine monastery in north central Spain.
The Rio Mondego (English language: Mondego River) is the longest river located exclusively in Portuguese territory.
The Mozarabs (mozárabes; moçárabes; mossàrabs; مستعرب trans. musta'rab, "Arabized") is a modern historical term that refers to the Iberian Christians who lived under Moorish rule in Al-Andalus.
Muniadona of Castile (1066), also called Mayor or Munia, was Queen of Pamplona (10111035) by her marriage with King Sancho Garcés III, who later added to his domains the Counties of Ribagorza (1017) and Castile (1028) using her dynastic rights to these territories.
The Pamplona Cathedral (Santa María la Real) is a Roman Catholic church in the archdiocese of Pamplona, Spain.
In medieval Spain, parias (from medieval Latin pariāre, "to make equal ", i.e. pay) were a form of tribute paid by the taifas of al-Andalus to the Christian kingdoms of the north.
Philip I (23 May 1052 – 29 July 1108), called the Amorous, was King of the Franks from 1060 to his death.
The Pisuerga is a river in northern Spain, the Duero's second largest tributary.
The pope (papa from πάππας pappas, a child's word for "father"), also known as the supreme pontiff (from Latin pontifex maximus "greatest priest"), is the Bishop of Rome and therefore ex officio the leader of the worldwide Catholic Church.
Pope Urban I (Urbanus I) was Bishop of Rome or Pope from 222 to 23 May 230.
Pope Urban II (Urbanus II; – 29 July 1099), born Odo of Châtillon or Otho de Lagery, was Pope from 12 March 1088 to his death in 1099.
Pope Victor II (c. 1018 – 28 July 1057), born Gebhard, Count of Calw, Tollenstein, and, was Pope from 13 April 1055 until his death in 1057.
Raiding, also known as depredation, is a military tactic or operational warfare mission which has a specific purpose and is not normally intended to capture and hold a location but instead finish with the raiding force quickly retreating to a previous defended position prior to enemy forces being able to respond in a coordinated manner or formulate a counter-attack.
Ramiro I (bef. 10078 May 1063) was the first King of Aragon from 1035 until his death.
Ramon Berenguer I (1023–1076), called the Old (el Vell, le Vieux), was Count of Barcelona in 1035–1076.
The Reconquista (Spanish and Portuguese for the "reconquest") is a name used to describe the period in the history of the Iberian Peninsula of about 780 years between the Umayyad conquest of Hispania in 711 and the fall of the Nasrid kingdom of Granada to the expanding Christian kingdoms in 1492.
Roman roads (Latin: viae Romanae; singular: via Romana meaning "Roman way") were physical infrastructure vital to the maintenance and development of the Roman state, and were built from about 300 BC through the expansion and consolidation of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire.
A romancero is any collection of Spanish romances, a type of folk ballad (sung narrative).
The monastery of San Juan de la Peña is a religious complex in the town of Santa Cruz de la Serós, at the south-west of Jaca, in the province of Huesca, Spain.
Sancha of León (27 November 1067) was a Queen of León.
Sancho García (died 5 February 1017), called of the Good Laws (in Spanish, el de los Buenos Fueros), was the count of Castile and Álava from 995 to his death.
Sancho II (1036/1038 – 7 October 1072), called the Strong (el Fuerte), was King of Castile (1065–72), Galicia (1071–72) and León (1072).
Sancho Garcés II (Basque: Antso II.a Gartzez, c. 938 – dead 994), also known as Sancho II.
Sancho Garcés III (994 – 18 October 1035), also known as Sancho the Great (Sancho el Mayor, Antso Gartzez Nagusia), was the King of Pamplona from 1004 until his death in 1035.
Sancho Garcés IV (Antso IV.a Gartzez; 1039 – 4 June 1076), nicknamed Sancho of Peñalén (Antso Peñalengoa, Sancho el de Peñalén) was King of Pamplona from 1054 until his death.
Santiuste is a municipality located in the province of Guadalajara, Castile-La Mancha, Spain.
Soria is a municipality and a Spanish city, located on the Douro river in the east of the autonomous community of Castile and León and capital of the province of Soria.
In the history of the Iberian Peninsula, a taifa (from طائفة ṭā'ifa, plural طوائف ṭawā'if) was an independent Muslim-ruled principality, of which a number were formed in Al-Andalus (Moorish Iberia) after the final collapse of the Umayyad Caliphate of Córdoba in 1031.
The Taifa of Badajoz (from طائفة بطليوس) was a medieval Islamic Moorish kingdom located in what is now parts of Portugal and Spain.
The Taifa of Seville (Arabic: طائفة إشبيليّة, Ta'ifat-u Ishbiliyyah) was an Arab kingdom which belonged to the Abbadid family.
The taifa of Toledo was a Berber Muslim taifa located in what is now central Spain.
The Taifa of Tortosa was a medieval taifa Moorish kingdom.
The Taifa of Valencia was a medieval Moorish taifa kingdom which existed, in and around Valencia, Spain during four distinct periods: from 1010 to 1065, from 1075 to 1099, from 1145 to 1147 and last from 1229 to 1238 when it was finally conquered by the Aragon.
The taifa of Zaragoza was an independent Arab Muslim state in Moorish Al-Andalus, present day eastern Spain, which was established in 1018 as one of the taifa kingdoms, with its capital in the Islamic Saraqusta (Zaragoza) city.
Talamanca is a village in the province of Barcelona and autonomous community of Catalonia, Spain.
Toledo is a city and municipality located in central Spain; it is the capital of the province of Toledo and the autonomous community of Castile–La Mancha.
Toro is a town and municipality in the province of Zamora, part of the autonomous community of Castile and León, Spain.
Urraca Fernández (died 1007), was queen consort of two Kings of León and one King of Navarre between 951 and 994.
Urraca of Castile (died after January 1038) was co-regent of Castile during the minority of her nephew, García Sánchez of Castile, in 1017-28.
Urraca of Zamora (1033/34 – 1101) was a Leónese infanta, one of the five children of Ferdinand I the Great, who received the city of Zamora as her inheritance and exercised palatine authority in it.
Valencia, officially València, on the east coast of Spain, is the capital of the autonomous community of Valencia and the third-largest city in Spain after Madrid and Barcelona, with around 800,000 inhabitants in the administrative centre.
Viseu is a city and municipality in the Centro Region of Portugal and the capital of the district of the same name, with a population of 99.274 inhabitants, and center of the Viseu Dão Lafões intermunipical community, with 267.633 inhabitants.
Zamora is a city in Castile and León, Spain, the capital of the province of Zamora.
Zaragoza, also called Saragossa in English, is the capital city of the Zaragoza province and of the autonomous community of Aragon, Spain.
Ferdinand I (of Castile and Leon), Ferdinand I (of Castile and León), Ferdinand I of Castile, Ferdinand I of Castile and Leon, Ferdinand I of Castile and León, Ferdinand I of Leon, Ferdinand I of Leon and Castile, Ferdinand I of León & Castile, Ferdinand I of León and Castile, Ferdinand I the Great, Ferdinand The Great, Ferdinand the Great, Fernando El Magno, Fernando I of Castile, Fernando I of Leon, Fernando I of León.