Carbon steel is a steel with carbon content up to 2.1% by weight.
Carbothermic reactions involve the reduction of substances, often metal oxides (O2^2-), using carbon as the reducing agent.
Casting is a manufacturing process in which a liquid material is usually poured into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then allowed to solidify.
Chromite is an iron chromium oxide: FeCr2O4.
Chromium is a chemical element with symbol Cr and atomic number 24.
An electric arc, or arc discharge, is an electrical breakdown of a gas that produces an ongoing electrical discharge.
Ferroalloy refers to various alloys of iron with a high proportion of one or more other elements such as manganese (Mn), aluminium (Al), or silicon (Si).
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe (from ferrum) and atomic number 26.
Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan,; kəzɐxˈstan), officially the Republic of Kazakhstan (Qazaqstan Respýblıkasy; Respublika Kazakhstan), is the world's largest landlocked country, and the ninth largest in the world, with an area of.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
In metallurgy, stainless steel, also known as inox steel or inox from French inoxydable (inoxidizable), is a steel alloy with a minimum of 10.5% chromium content by mass.
Sulfur or sulphur is a chemical element with symbol S and atomic number 16.
Titanium is a chemical element with symbol Ti and atomic number 22.