105 relations: Age and female fertility, American Society for Reproductive Medicine, Anorexia nervosa, Ansley J. Coale, Assisted reproductive technology, Athlete, Autism spectrum, Birth control, Birth control movement in the United States, Birth rate, Breastfeeding, Calendar-based contraceptive methods, Chlamydia infection, Chromosome, Cohort (statistics), Combined oral contraceptive pill, Conjecture, Consanguinity, Culture, Down syndrome, Easterlin hypothesis, Economics, Ejaculation, Emotion, Endocrinology, Family economics, Family planning, Fecundity, Fertilisation, Fertility and intelligence, Fertility clinic, Fertility factor (demography), Fertility medication, Fertility preservation, Fertility tourism, Fetus, France, Gamete, Gestation, Gonorrhea, Historical Social Research, Hormone, Household economics, Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority, Human sexual activity, In vitro fertilisation, Income and fertility, Infant mortality, Infertility, Instinct, ..., Intrauterine device, Israel, John Bongaarts, Journal of Economic Growth, Journal of Population Economics, List of fertility deities, Live birth (human), March of Dimes, Mayo Clinic, Medical Hypotheses, Menarche, Menopause, Menstrual cycle, Miscarriage, Natalism, National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, Natural fertility, New Home Economics, Nutrition, Obesity and fertility, Oncofertility, Ovary, Ovule, Paternal age effect, Patriotism, Pregnancy, Pregnancy rate, Religiosity, Reproductive health, Review of Economics of the Household, Richard Easterlin, Semen analysis, Semen quality, Seminiferous tubule, Sex position, Sexual intercourse, Sexual revolution, Sexually transmitted infection, Sperm, Sperm motility, Sterility (physiology), Sterilization (medicine), Stillbirth, Sub-replacement fertility, Syphilis, Testicle, Therapeutic abortion, Total fertility rate, Tubal ligation, United Kingdom, Urban area, Uterus, Vagina, Vasectomy, Women in the workforce. Expand index (55 more) » « Shrink index
Female fertility is affected by age.
The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) is a multidisciplinary organization dedicated to the advancement of the science and practice of reproductive medicine.
Anorexia nervosa, often referred to simply as anorexia, is an eating disorder characterized by low weight, fear of gaining weight, and a strong desire to be thin, resulting in food restriction.
Ansley Johnson Coale (November 14, 1917 – November 5, 2002), was one of America's foremost demographers.
Assisted reproductive technology (ART) is the technology used to achieve pregnancy in procedures such as fertility medication, in vitro fertilization and surrogacy.
An athlete (also sportsman or sportswoman) is a person who competes in one or more sports that involve physical strength, speed or endurance.
Autism spectrum, also known as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a range of conditions classified as neurodevelopmental disorders.
Birth control, also known as contraception and fertility control, is a method or device used to prevent pregnancy.
The birth control movement in the United States was a social reform campaign beginning in 1914 that aimed to increase the availability of contraception in the U.S. through education and legalization.
The birth rate (technically, births/population rate) is the total number of live births per 1,000 in a population in a year or period.
Breastfeeding, also known as nursing, is the feeding of babies and young children with milk from a woman's breast.
Calendar-based methods are various methods of estimating a woman's likelihood of fertility, based on a record of the length of previous menstrual cycles.
Chlamydia infection, often simply known as chlamydia, is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis.
A chromosome (from Ancient Greek: χρωμόσωμα, chromosoma, chroma means colour, soma means body) is a DNA molecule with part or all of the genetic material (genome) of an organism.
In statistics, marketing and demography, a cohort is a group of subjects who share a defining characteristic (typically subjects who experienced a common event in a selected time period, such as birth or graduation).
The combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP), often referred to as the birth control pill or colloquially as "the pill", is a type of birth control that is designed to be taken orally by women.
In mathematics, a conjecture is a conclusion or proposition based on incomplete information, for which no proof has been found.
Consanguinity ("blood relation", from the Latin consanguinitas) is the property of being from the same kinship as another person.
Culture is the social behavior and norms found in human societies.
Down syndrome (DS or DNS), also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder caused by the presence of all or part of a third copy of chromosome 21.
The Easterlin hypothesis (Easterlin 1961, 1969, 1973) states that the positive relationship between income and fertility is dependent on relative income.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
Ejaculation is the discharge of semen (normally containing sperm) from the male reproductory tract, usually accompanied by orgasm.
Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.
Endocrinology (from endocrine + -ology) is a branch of biology and medicine dealing with the endocrine system, its diseases, and its specific secretions known as hormones.
Family economics applies basic economic concepts such as production, division of labor, distribution, and decision making to the study of the family.
Family planning services are defined as "educational, comprehensive medical or social activities which enable individuals, including minors, to determine freely the number and spacing of their children and to select the means by which this may be achieved".
In human demography and population biology, fecundity is the potential for reproduction of an organism or population, measured by the number of gametes (eggs), seed set, or asexual propagules.
Fertilisation or fertilization (see spelling differences), also known as generative fertilisation, conception, fecundation, syngamy and impregnation, is the fusion of gametes to initiate the development of a new individual organism.
The relationship between fertility and intelligence has been investigated in many demographic studies, with contradicting evidence that on a population level, intelligence is negatively correlated with fertility rate, and positively correlated with survival rate of offspring.
Fertility clinics are medical clinics that assist couples, and sometimes individuals, who want to become parents but for medical reasons have been unable to achieve this goal via the natural course.
Fertility factors are determinants of the number of children that an individual is likely to have.
Fertility medication, better known as fertility drugs, are drugs which enhance reproductive fertility.
Fertility preservation is the effort to help cancer patients retain their fertility, or ability to procreate.
Fertility tourism or reproductive tourism is the practice of traveling to another country or jurisdiction for fertility treatment, and may be regarded as a form of medical tourism.
A fetus is a stage in the prenatal development of viviparous organisms.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
A gamete (from Ancient Greek γαμετή gamete from gamein "to marry") is a haploid cell that fuses with another haploid cell during fertilization (conception) in organisms that sexually reproduce.
Gestation is the carrying of an embryo or fetus inside viviparous animals.
Gonorrhea, also spelled gonorrhoea, is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
Historical Social Research/Historische Sozialforschung is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering political science, social science, cultural studies, and history.
A hormone (from the Greek participle “ὁρμῶ”, "to set in motion, urge on") is any member of a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behaviour.
Household economics covers the economic analysis of all decisions made by households.
The Human Fertilisation and Embryology Authority (HFEA) is an executive non-departmental public body of the Department of Health in the United Kingdom.
Human sexual activity, human sexual practice or human sexual behaviour is the manner in which humans experience and express their sexuality.
In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a process of fertilisation where an egg is combined with sperm outside the body, in vitro ("in glass").
Income and fertility is the association between monetary gain on one hand, and the tendency to produce offspring on the other.
Infant mortality refers to deaths of young children, typically those less than one year of age.
Infertility is the inability of a person, animal or plant to reproduce by natural means.
Instinct or innate behavior is the inherent inclination of a living organism towards a particular complex behavior.
An intrauterine device (IUD), also known as intrauterine contraceptive device (IUCD or ICD) or coil, is a small, often T-shaped birth control device that is inserted into a woman's uterus to prevent pregnancy.
Israel, officially the State of Israel, is a country in the Middle East, on the southeastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and the northern shore of the Red Sea.
John P. M. Bongaarts (born 1945) is a Dutch-American demographer.
The Journal of Economic Growth is a peer-reviewed academic journal covering research in economic growth and dynamic macroeconomics.
The Journal of Population Economics is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal that covers research on economic and demographic problems.
A fertility deity is a god or goddess associated with sex, fertility, pregnancy, and childbirth.
In human reproduction, a live birth occurs when a fetus, whatever its gestational age, exits the maternal body and subsequently shows any sign of life, such as voluntary movement, heartbeat, or pulsation of the umbilical cord, for however brief a time and regardless of whether the umbilical cord or placenta are intact.
March of Dimes is a United States nonprofit organization that works to improve the health of mothers and babies by preventing birth defects, premature birth and infant mortality.
The Mayo Clinic is a nonprofit academic medical center based in Rochester, Minnesota focused on integrated clinical practice, education, and research.
Medical Hypotheses is a medical journal published by Elsevier.
Menarche (Greek: μήν mēn "month" + ἀρχή arkhē "beginning") is the first menstrual cycle, or first menstrual bleeding, in female humans.
Menopause, also known as the climacteric, is the time in most women's lives when menstrual periods stop permanently, and they are no longer able to bear children.
The menstrual cycle is the regular natural change that occurs in the female reproductive system (specifically the uterus and ovaries) that makes pregnancy possible.
Miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion and pregnancy loss, is the natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is able to survive independently.
Natalism (also called pronatalism or the pro-birth position) is a belief that promotes reproduction of sentient life.
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) is an executive non-departmental public body of the Department of Health in the United Kingdom, which publishes guidelines in four areas.
Natural fertility is the fertility that exists without birth control.
New Home Economics is an approach to the study of consumption, labor supply, and other family decisions that centers on the household rather than the individual and emphasizes the importance of household production.
Nutrition is the science that interprets the interaction of nutrients and other substances in food in relation to maintenance, growth, reproduction, health and disease of an organism.
Obesity is defined as an abnormal accumulation of body fat, usually 20% or more over an individual's ideal body weight.
Oncofertility is a subfield that bridges oncology and reproductive research to explore and expand options for the reproductive future of cancer survivors.
The ovary is an organ found in the female reproductive system that produces an ovum.
In seed plants, the ovule is the structure that gives rise to and contains the female reproductive cells.
The paternal age effect is the statistical relationship between paternal age at conception and biological effects on the child.
Patriotism or national pride is the ideology of love and devotion to a homeland, and a sense of alliance with other citizens who share the same values.
Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman.
Pregnancy rate is the success rate for getting pregnant.
Religiosity is difficult to define, but different scholars have seen this concept as broadly about religious orientations and involvement.
Within the framework of the World Health Organization's (WHO) definition of health as a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, reproductive health, or sexual health/hygiene, addresses the reproductive processes, functions and system at all stages of life.
The Review of Economics of the Household is a peer-reviewed academic journal established in 2001 by Shoshana Grossbard and first published in 2003.
Richard Ainley Easterlin (born 12 January 1926) is a professor of economics at the University of Southern California.
A semen analysis (plural: semen analyses), also called "seminogram" evaluates certain characteristics of a male's semen and the sperm contained therein.
Semen quality is a measure of the ability of semen to accomplish fertilization.
Seminiferous tubules are located within the testes, and are the specific location of meiosis, and the subsequent creation of male gametes, namely spermatozoa.
A sex position is a position of the body that an individual or couple people may use for sexual intercourse or other sexual activities.
Sexual intercourse (or coitus or copulation) is principally the insertion and thrusting of the penis, usually when erect, into the vagina for sexual pleasure, reproduction, or both.
The sexual revolution, also known as a time of sexual liberation, was a social movement that challenged traditional codes of behavior related to sexuality and interpersonal relationships throughout the United States and subsequently, the wider world, from the 1960s to the 1980s.
Sexually transmitted infections (STI), also referred to as sexually transmitted diseases (STD) or venereal diseases (VD), are infections that are commonly spread by sexual activity, especially vaginal intercourse, anal sex and oral sex.
Sperm is the male reproductive cell and is derived from the Greek word (σπέρμα) sperma (meaning "seed").
Sperm motility describes the ability of sperm to move properly through the female reproductive tract (internal fertilization) or through water (external fertilization) to reach the egg.
Sterility is the physiological inability to effect sexual reproduction in a living thing, members of whose kind have been produced sexually.
Sterilization (also spelled sterilisation) is any of a number of medical techniques that intentionally leaves a person unable to reproduce.
Stillbirth is typically defined as fetal death at or after 20 to 28 weeks of pregnancy.
Sub-replacement fertility is a total fertility rate (TFR) that (if sustained) leads to each new generation being less populous than the older, previous one in a given area.
Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum subspecies pallidum.
The testicle or testis is the male reproductive gland in all animals, including humans.
Therapeutic abortion is abortion induced following a diagnosis of medical necessity.
The total fertility rate (TFR), sometimes also called the fertility rate, absolute/potential natality, period total fertility rate (PTFR), or total period fertility rate (TPFR) of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime if.
Tubal ligation or tubectomy (also known as having one's "tubes tied") is a surgical procedure for sterilization in which a woman's fallopian tubes are clamped and block and sealed, either of which prevents eggs from reaching the uterus for implantation.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
An urban area is a human settlement with high population density and infrastructure of built environment.
The uterus (from Latin "uterus", plural uteri) or womb is a major female hormone-responsive secondary sex organ of the reproductive system in humans and most other mammals.
In mammals, the vagina is the elastic, muscular part of the female genital tract.
Vasectomy is a surgical procedure for male sterilization or permanent contraception.
Women in the workforce earning wages or salary are part of a modern phenomenon, one that developed at the same time as the growth of paid employment for men, but women have been challenged by inequality in the workforce.
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