35 relations: Akiba Rubinstein, Aron Nimzowitsch, Artificial castling, Benko Gambit, Bishop (chess), Chess, Chess opening, Efstratios Grivas, Evans Gambit, FIDE titles, French Defence, Gambit Publications, Glossary of chess, Grünfeld Defence, Grob's Attack, Hypermodernism (chess), Indian Defence, King's Indian Attack, King's Indian Defence, King's Pawn Game, Knight (chess), Michael Basman, Modern Benoni, Modern Defense, My System, Open Game, Outpost (chess), Oxford University Press, Pawn (chess), Pirc Defence, Queen's Indian Defense, Ruy Lopez, Sicilian Defence, Dragon Variation, The Oxford Companion to Chess, Vienna Game.
Akiba Kiwelowicz Rubinstein (1 December 1880 – 14 March 1961) was a Polish chess grandmaster who is considered to have been one of the strongest players never to have become World Chess Champion.
Aron Nimzowitsch (Ārons Nimcovičs, Аро́н Иса́евич Нимцо́вич, Aron Isayevich Nimtsovich; born Aron Niemzowitsch; 7 November 1886 – 16 March 1935) was a Russian-born, Danish leading chess grandmaster and influential chess writer.
In chess, artificial castling (also called castling by hand) refers to a maneuver in which a king which has lost the right to castle achieves a castled position in several normal moves, instead of the one special move.
The Benko Gambit (or Volga Gambit) is a chess opening characterised by the move 3...b5 in the Benoni Defence arising after: The Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings has three codes for the Benko Gambit.
A bishop (♗,♝) is a piece in the board game of chess.
Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.
A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.
Efstratios Grivas (born March 30, 1966) is a Greek chess Grandmaster.
The Evans Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Evans Gambit is an aggressive line of the Giuoco Piano, which normally continues with the positional moves 4.c3 or 4.d3.
The World Chess Federation, FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs), awards several performance-based titles to chess players, up to and including the highly prized Grandmaster title.
The French Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: This is most commonly followed by 2.d4 d5, with Black intending...c5 at a later stage, attacking White's and gaining on the.
Gambit Publications is a major publisher of chess books.
This page explains commonly used terms in chess in alphabetical order.
The Grünfeld Defence (ECO codes D70–D99) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black offers White the possibility of cxd5, when after Nxd5 White further gets the opportunity to kick the Black Knight around with e4, leading to an imposing central pawn duo for White.
Grob's Attack is an unconventional chess opening where White immediately moves the king knight's pawn two squares ahead.
Hypermodernism is a school of chess that emerged after World War I. It featured challenges to the chess ideas of central European masters, including Wilhelm Steinitz's approach to the centre and the rules established by Siegbert Tarrasch.
In the game of chess, Indian defence is a broad term for a group of openings characterised by the moves: They are all to varying degrees hypermodern defences, where Black invites White to establish an imposing presence in the centre with the plan of undermining and ultimately destroying it.
The King's Indian Attack (or KIA), also known as the Barcza System (after Gedeon Barcza), is a chess opening system for White.
The King's Indian Defence is a common chess opening.
The King's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move: It is among the most popular opening moves in chess.
The knight (♘ ♞) is a piece in the game of chess, representing a knight (armored cavalry).
Michael John Basman (born 16 March 1946 in St Pancras, London) is an English chess player, chess author and International Master.
The Modern Benoni is a chess opening that begins with the moves 1.
The Modern Defense (also known as the Robatsch Defence after Karl Robatsch) is a hypermodern chess opening in which Black allows White to occupy the center with pawns on d4 and e4, then proceeds to attack and undermine this "ideal" center without attempting to occupy it himself.
My System (Mein System) is a book on chess theory written by Aron Nimzowitsch.
An Open Game (or Double King's Pawn Opening) is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: White has moved the king's pawn two squares and Black has replied in kind.
An outpost is a square on the fourth, fifth, sixth, or seventh which is protected by a pawn and which cannot be attacked by an opponent's pawn.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
The pawn (♙,♟) is the most numerous piece in the game of chess, and in most circumstances, also the weakest.
The Pirc Defence (correctly pronounced "peerts", but often mispronounced "perk"), sometimes known as the Ufimtsev Defence or Yugoslav Defence, is a chess opening characterised by Black responding to 1.e4 with 1...d6 and 2...Nf6, followed by...g6 and...Bg7, while allowing White to establish an impressive-looking centre with pawns on d4 and e4.
The Queen's Indian Defense (QID) is a chess opening defined by the moves: The opening is a solid defense to the Queen's Pawn Game.
The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura.
In chess, the Dragon Variation is one of the main lines of the Sicilian Defence and begins with the moves: In the Dragon, Black fianchettoes their bishop on the h8–a1 diagonal, building a home for the king on g8 while aiming the bishop at the center and.
The Oxford Companion to Chess is a reference book on the game of chess, written by David Hooper and Kenneth Whyld.
The Vienna Game is an opening in chess that begins with the moves: White's second move is less common than 2.Nf3, and is also more recent.