39 relations: Agglutination (biology), Alpha helix, Amnion, Artery, Beta sheet, Bleeding, Congenital afibrinogenemia, D-dimer, Dysfibrinogenemia, Extravasation, Factor XIII, Fetal thrombotic vasculopathy, Fibrin glue, Fibrin scaffold, Fibrinogen, Fibrinolysis, Fibrinolysis syndrome, Fucosylation, Galactose, Glucosamine, Glycan, Glycosylation, H&E stain, Haemophilia, Hemostasis, Ligand (biochemistry), Lysis, Placenta, Platelet, Platelet plug, Polymerization, Protein, Red blood cell, Scleroprotein, Sialic acid, Thrombin, Thrombin receptor, Thrombosis, Vein.
Agglutination is the clumping of particles.
The alpha helix (α-helix) is a common motif in the secondary structure of proteins and is a righthand-spiral conformation (i.e. helix) in which every backbone N−H group donates a hydrogen bond to the backbone C.
The amnion is a membrane that closely covers the embryo when first formed.
An artery (plural arteries) is a blood vessel that takes blood away from the heart to all parts of the body (tissues, lungs, etc).
The β-sheet (also β-pleated sheet) is a common motif of regular secondary structure in proteins.
Bleeding, also known as hemorrhaging or haemorrhaging, is blood escaping from the circulatory system.
Congenital afibrinogenemia is a rare, genetically inherited blood fibrinogen disorder in which the blood does not clot normally due to the lack of fibrinogen, a blood protein necessary for coagulation.
D-dimer (or D dimer) is a fibrin degradation product (or FDP), a small protein fragment present in the blood after a blood clot is degraded by fibrinolysis.
The dysfibrinogenemias consist of three types of fibrinogen disorders in which a critical blood clotting factor, fibrinogen, circulates at normal levels but is dysfunctional.
Extravasation is the leakage of a fluid out of its container.
Factor XIII or fibrin stabilizing factor is an enzyme of the blood coagulation system that crosslinks fibrin.
Fetal thrombotic vasculopathy is a chronic disorder characterized by thrombosis in the fetus leading to vascular obliteration and hypoperfusion.
Fibrin glue (also called fibrin sealant) is a surgical formulation used to create a fibrin clot for hemostasis or wound healing.
A fibrin scaffold is a network of protein that holds together and supports a variety of living tissues.
Fibrinogen (factor I) is a glycoprotein that in vertebrates circulates in the blood.
Fibrinolysis is a process that prevents blood clots from growing and becoming problematic.
Fibrinolysis syndrome (also known as "Defibrinating syndrome") is characterized by an acute hemorrhagic state brought about by inability of the blood to clot, with massive hemorrhages into the skin producing blackish, purplish swellings and sloughing.
Fucosylation is the process of adding fucose sugar units to a molecule.
Galactose (galacto- + -ose, "milk sugar"), sometimes abbreviated Gal, is a monosaccharide sugar that is about as sweet as glucose, and about 30% as sweet as sucrose.
Glucosamine (C6H13NO5) is an amino sugar and a prominent precursor in the biochemical synthesis of glycosylated proteins and lipids.
The terms glycan and polysaccharide are defined by IUPAC as synonyms meaning "compounds consisting of a large number of monosaccharides linked glycosidically".
Glycosylation (see also chemical glycosylation) is the reaction in which a carbohydrate, i.e. a glycosyl donor, is attached to a hydroxyl or other functional group of another molecule (a glycosyl acceptor).
Hematoxylin and eosin stain or haematoxylin and eosin stain (H&E stain or HE stain) is one of the principal stains in histology.
Haemophilia, also spelled hemophilia, is a mostly inherited genetic disorder that impairs the body's ability to make blood clots, a process needed to stop bleeding.
Hemostasis or haemostasis is a process which causes bleeding to stop, meaning to keep blood within a damaged blood vessel (the opposite of hemostasis is hemorrhage).
In biochemistry and pharmacology, a ligand is a substance that forms a complex with a biomolecule to serve a biological purpose.
Lysis (Greek λύσις lýsis, "a loosing" from λύειν lýein, "to unbind") refers to the breaking down of the membrane of a cell, often by viral, enzymic, or osmotic (that is, "lytic") mechanisms that compromise its integrity.
The placenta is an organ that connects the developing fetus to the uterine wall to allow nutrient uptake, thermo-regulation, waste elimination, and gas exchange via the mother's blood supply; to fight against internal infection; and to produce hormones which support pregnancy.
Platelets, also called thrombocytes (from Greek θρόμβος, "clot" and κύτος, "cell"), are a component of blood whose function (along with the coagulation factors) is to react to bleeding from blood vessel injury by clumping, thereby initiating a blood clot.
The platelet plug, also known as the hemostatic plug or platelet thrombus, is an aggregation of platelets formed during the earlier stage of hemostasis in response to blood vessel wall injury.
In polymer chemistry, polymerization is a process of reacting monomer molecules together in a chemical reaction to form polymer chains or three-dimensional networks.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
Red blood cells-- also known as RBCs, red cells, red blood corpuscles, haematids, erythroid cells or erythrocytes (from Greek erythros for "red" and kytos for "hollow vessel", with -cyte translated as "cell" in modern usage), are the most common type of blood cell and the vertebrate's principal means of delivering oxygen (O2) to the body tissues—via blood flow through the circulatory system.
Scleroproteins or fibrous proteins constitute one of the three main types of proteins (alongside globular and membrane proteins).
Sialic acid is a generic term for the N- or O-substituted derivatives of neuraminic acid, a monosaccharide with a nine-carbon backbone.
Thrombin (fibrinogenase, thrombase, thrombofort, topical, thrombin-C, tropostasin, activated blood-coagulation factor II, blood-coagulation factor IIa, factor IIa, E thrombin, beta-thrombin, gamma-thrombin) is a serine protease, an enzyme that, in humans, is encoded by the F2 gene.
There are three known thrombin receptors termed PAR1, PAR3 and PAR4 (PAR for protease-activated receptor).
Thrombosis (from Ancient Greek θρόμβωσις thrómbōsis "clotting”) is the formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel, obstructing the flow of blood through the circulatory system.
Veins are blood vessels that carry blood toward the heart.