35 relations: Alexander polynomial, Alternating knot, Braid theory, Cameron Gordon (mathematician), Chiral knot, Computer-assisted proof, Covering space, Crossing number (knot theory), Dehn surgery, Fibered knot, Figure-eight knot, Geometrization conjecture, Geometry & Topology, Gieseking manifold, Haken manifold, Hyperbolic link, Hyperbolic volume, Ian Agol, Inventiones Mathematicae, John Milnor, John R. Stallings, Jones polynomial, Knot theory, Marc Lackenby, Milnor map, Prime decomposition (3-manifold), Prime knot, Robion Kirby, Seifert fiber space, Trefoil knot, Unknot, William Thurston, (−2,3,7) pretzel knot, 2-bridge knot, 3-manifold.

## Alexander polynomial

In mathematics, the Alexander polynomial is a knot invariant which assigns a polynomial with integer coefficients to each knot type.

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## Alternating knot

In knot theory, a knot or link diagram is alternating if the crossings alternate under, over, under, over, as one travels along each component of the link.

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## Braid theory

In topology, a branch of mathematics, braid theory is an abstract geometric theory studying the everyday braid concept, and some generalizations.

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## Cameron Gordon (mathematician)

Cameron Gordon (born 1945) is a Professor and Sid W. Richardson Foundation Regents Chair in the Department of mathematics at the University of Texas at Austin, known for his work in knot theory.

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## Chiral knot

In the mathematical field of knot theory, a chiral knot is a knot that is not equivalent to its mirror image.

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## Christmas

Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.

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## Christmas and holiday season

The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.

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## Christmas Eve

Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.

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## Christmas traditions

Christmas traditions vary from country to country.

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## Computer-assisted proof

A computer-assisted proof is a mathematical proof that has been at least partially generated by computer.

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## Covering space

In mathematics, more specifically algebraic topology, a covering map (also covering projection) is a continuous function p from a topological space, C, to a topological space, X, such that each point in X has an open neighbourhood evenly covered by p (as shown in the image); the precise definition is given below.

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## Crossing number (knot theory)

In the mathematical area of knot theory, the crossing number of a knot is the smallest number of crossings of any diagram of the knot.

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## Dehn surgery

In topology, a branch of mathematics, a Dehn surgery, named after Max Dehn, is a construction used to modify 3-manifolds.

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## Fibered knot

In knot theory, a branch of mathematics, a knot or link K in the 3-dimensional sphere S^3 is called fibered or fibred (sometimes Neuwirth knot in older texts, after Lee Neuwirth) if there is a 1-parameter family F_t of Seifert surfaces for K, where the parameter t runs through the points of the unit circle S^1, such that if s is not equal to t then the intersection of F_s and F_t is exactly K. For example.

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## Figure-eight knot

The figure-eight knot or figure-of-eight knot is a type of stopper knot.

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## Geometrization conjecture

In mathematics, Thurston's geometrization conjecture states that certain three-dimensional topological spaces each have a unique geometric structure that can be associated with them.

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## Geometry & Topology

Geometry & Topology is a peer-refereed, international mathematics research journal devoted to geometry and topology, and their applications.

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## Gieseking manifold

In mathematics, the Gieseking manifold is a cusped hyperbolic 3-manifold of finite volume.

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## Haken manifold

In mathematics, a Haken manifold is a compact, P²-irreducible 3-manifold that is sufficiently large, meaning that it contains a properly embedded two-sided incompressible surface.

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## Hyperbolic link

In mathematics, a hyperbolic link is a link in the 3-sphere with complement that has a complete Riemannian metric of constant negative curvature, i.e. has a hyperbolic geometry.

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## Hyperbolic volume

In the mathematical field of knot theory, the hyperbolic volume of a hyperbolic link is the volume of the link's complement with respect to its complete hyperbolic metric.

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## Ian Agol

Ian Agol (born May 13, 1970) is an American mathematician who deals primarily with the topology of three-dimensional manifolds.

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## Inventiones Mathematicae

Inventiones Mathematicae is a mathematical journal published monthly by Springer Science+Business Media.

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## John Milnor

John Willard Milnor (born February 20, 1931) is an American mathematician known for his work in differential topology, K-theory and dynamical systems.

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## John R. Stallings

John Robert Stallings Jr. (July 22, 1935 – November 24, 2008) was a mathematician known for his seminal contributions to geometric group theory and 3-manifold topology.

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## Jones polynomial

In the mathematical field of knot theory, the Jones polynomial is a knot polynomial discovered by Vaughan Jones in 1984.

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## Knot theory

In topology, knot theory is the study of mathematical knots.

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## Marc Lackenby

Marc Lackenby is a professor of mathematics at the University of Oxford whose research concerns knot theory, low-dimensional topology, and group theory.

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## Milnor map

In mathematics, Milnor maps are named in honor of John Milnor, who introduced them to topology and algebraic geometry in his book Singular Points of Complex Hypersurfaces (Princeton University Press, 1968) and earlier lectures.

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## New Year

New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.

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## New Year's Day

New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.

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## New Year's Eve

In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.

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## Prime decomposition (3-manifold)

In mathematics, the prime decomposition theorem for 3-manifolds states that every compact, orientable 3-manifold is the connected sum of a unique (up to homeomorphism) finite collection of prime 3-manifolds.

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## Prime knot

In knot theory, a prime knot or prime link is a knot that is, in a certain sense, indecomposable.

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## Robion Kirby

Robion Cromwell Kirby (born February 25, 1938) is a Professor of Mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley who specializes in low-dimensional topology.

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## Seifert fiber space

A Seifert fiber space is a 3-manifold together with a "nice" decomposition as a disjoint union of circles.

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## Trefoil knot

In topology, a branch of mathematics, the trefoil knot is the simplest example of a nontrivial knot.

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## Unknot

The unknot arises in the mathematical theory of knots.

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## William Thurston

William Paul Thurston (October 30, 1946August 21, 2012) was an American mathematician.

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## (−2,3,7) pretzel knot

In geometric topology, a branch of mathematics, the (−2, 3, 7) pretzel knot, sometimes called the Fintushel–Stern knot (after Ron Fintushel and Ronald J. Stern), is an important example of a pretzel knot which exhibits various interesting phenomena under three-dimensional and four-dimensional surgery constructions.

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## 2-bridge knot

In the mathematical field of knot theory, a 2-bridge knot is a knot which can be isotoped so that the natural height function given by the z-coordinate has only two maxima and two minima as critical points.

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## 2018

2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.

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## 2019

2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

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## 3-manifold

In mathematics, a 3-manifold is a space that locally looks like Euclidean 3-dimensional space.

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## Redirects here:

4 1 knot, 4₁ knot, Figure eight knot (mathematics), Listing knot, Listing's knot.

## References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Figure-eight_knot_(mathematics)