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Figured bass

Index Figured bass

Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of musical notation in which numerals and symbols (often accidentals) indicate intervals, chords, and non-chord tones that a musician playing piano, harpsichord, organ, lute (or other instruments capable of playing chords) play in relation to the bass note that these numbers and symbols appear above or below. [1]

108 relations: A cappella, Accidental (music), Accompaniment, Accordion, Alleluia, Andrea Gabrieli, Antiphon, Anton Bruckner, Augmentation (music), Backslash, Baroque music, Bass (sound), Bass violin, Bassline, Bassoon, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Cello, Charon, Choir, Chord (music), Chord names and symbols (popular music), Chord progression, Classical music, Classical period (music), Claudio Monteverdi, Composer, Concertato, Diatonic function, Diminution, Dominant (music), Dominant seventh chord, Double bass, Emilio de' Cavalieri, Family (musical instruments), Figured bass, Filippo Bonaffino, First inversion, Flat (music), Franz Schubert, Friedrich Erhard Niedt, Georg Philipp Telemann, Giovanni Croce, Giovanni Gabrieli, Giulio Caccini, Gregor Aichinger, Guitar, Guitar chord, Harmonic analysis, Harmony, Harp, ..., Harpsichord, Historically informed performance, Homophony, Interval (music), Introit, Inversion (music), Jazz, Jean-Philippe Rameau, Key signature, L'Orfeo, Lodovico Grossi da Viadana, Ludwig van Beethoven, Lute, Luzzasco Luzzaschi, Macro analysis, Madrigal, Major chord, Major sixth, Mass (music), Mass in C major (Beethoven), Melody, Michael Praetorius, Minor chord, Monody, Motet, Motif (music), Musical improvisation, Musical notation, Musical note, Musicology, Nashville number system, Natural (music), Nonchord tone, Opera, Organ (music), Ornament (music), Piano, Placido Falconio, Polyphony, Popular music, Positive organ, Regal (instrument), Religious music, Reverberation, Roman numeral analysis, Scale (music), Second inversion, Semitone, Sharp (music), Sistine Chapel Choir, Staff (music), Tasto solo, Tempo, Texture (music), Theorbo, Tonality, Unfigured bass, Viol. Expand index (58 more) »

A cappella

A cappella (Italian for "in the manner of the chapel") music is specifically group or solo singing without instrumental accompaniment, or a piece intended to be performed in this way.

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Accidental (music)

In music, an accidental is a note of a pitch (or pitch class) that is not a member of the scale or mode indicated by the most recently applied key signature.

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Accompaniment is the musical part which provides the rhythmic and/or harmonic support for the melody or main themes of a song or instrumental piece.

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Accordions (from 19th-century German Akkordeon, from Akkord—"musical chord, concord of sounds") are a family of box-shaped musical instruments of the bellows-driven free-reed aerophone type, colloquially referred to as a squeezebox.

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The word "Alleluia" or "Hallelujah" (from Hebrew הללו יה), which literally means "Praise ye Yah", a short form of "Praise Yahweh" and often rendered as "praise the Lord".

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Andrea Gabrieli

Andrea Gabrieli (1532/1533Bryant, Grove online – August 30, 1585) was an Italian composer and organist of the late Renaissance.

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An antiphon (Greek ἀντίφωνον, ἀντί "opposite" and φωνή "voice") is a short chant in Christian ritual, sung as a refrain.

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Anton Bruckner

Josef Anton Bruckner was an Austrian composer, organist, and music theorist best known for his symphonies, masses, Te Deum and motets.

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Augmentation (music)

In Western music and music theory, augmentation (from Late Latin augmentare, to increase) is the lengthening of a note or interval.

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The backslash (\) is a typographical mark (glyph) used mainly in computing and is the mirror image of the common slash (/).

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Baroque music

Baroque music is a style of Western art music composed from approximately 1600 to 1750.

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Bass (sound)

Bass describes tones of low (also called "deep") frequency, pitch and range from 16-256 Hz (C0 to middle C4) and bass instruments that produce tones in the low-pitched range C2-C4.

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Bass violin

Bass violin is the modern term for various 16th- and 17th-century bass instruments of the violin (i.e. "viola da braccio") family.

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A bassline (also known as a bass line or bass part) is the term used in many styles of music, such as jazz, blues, funk, dub and electronic, traditional music, or classical music for the low-pitched instrumental part or line played (in jazz and some forms of popular music) by a rhythm section instrument such as the electric bass, double bass, cello, tuba or keyboard (piano, Hammond organ, electric organ, or synthesizer).

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The bassoon is a woodwind instrument in the double reed family that typically plays music written in the bass and tenor clefs, and occasionally the treble.

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Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach

Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (8 March 1714 – 14 December 1788), also formerly spelled Karl Philipp Emmanuel Bach, was a German Classical period musician and composer, the fifth child and second (surviving) son of Johann Sebastian Bach and Maria Barbara Bach.

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The cello (plural cellos or celli) or violoncello is a string instrument.

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In Greek mythology, Charon or Kharon (Greek Χάρων) is the ferryman of Hades who carries souls of the newly deceased across the rivers Styx and Acheron that divided the world of the living from the world of the dead.

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A choir (also known as a quire, chorale or chorus) is a musical ensemble of singers.

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Chord (music)

A chord, in music, is any harmonic set of pitches consisting of two or more (usually three or more) notes (also called "pitches") that are heard as if sounding simultaneously.

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Chord names and symbols (popular music)

Musicians use various kinds of chord names and symbols in different contexts, to represent musical chords.

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Chord progression

A chord progression or harmonic progression is a succession of musical chords, which are two or more notes, typically sounded simultaneously.

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Classical music

Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both liturgical (religious) and secular music.

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Classical period (music)

The Classical period was an era of classical music between roughly 1730 to 1820, associated with the style of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven.

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Claudio Monteverdi

Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (15 May 1567 (baptized) – 29 November 1643) was an Italian composer, string player and choirmaster.

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A composer (Latin ''compōnō''; literally "one who puts together") is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music (for a singer or choir), instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms.

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Concertato is a term in early Baroque music referring to either a genre or a style of music in which groups of instruments or voices share a melody, usually in alternation, and almost always over a basso continuo.

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Diatonic function

In tonal music theory, a function (often called harmonic function, tonal function or diatonic function, or also chord area) is the relationship of a chord to a tonal center.

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In Western music and music theory, diminution (from Medieval Latin diminutio, alteration of Latin deminutio, decrease) has four distinct meanings.

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Dominant (music)

In music, the dominant is the fifth scale degree of the diatonic scale, called "dominant" because it is next in importance to the tonic, and a dominant chord is any chord built upon that pitch, using the notes of the same diatonic scale.

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Dominant seventh chord

In music theory, a dominant seventh chord, or major minor seventh chord, is a chord composed of a root, major third, perfect fifth, and minor seventh.

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Double bass

The double bass, or simply the bass (and numerous other names), is the largest and lowest-pitched bowed string instrument in the modern symphony orchestra.

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Emilio de' Cavalieri

Emilio de' Cavalieri, or Emilio dei Cavalieri — the spellings "del" and "Cavaliere" are contemporary typographical errors — (c. 1550 – 11 March 1602) was an Italian composer, producer, organist, diplomat, choreographer and dancer at the end of the Renaissance era.

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Family (musical instruments)

A family of musical instruments is a grouping of several different but related sizes or types of instruments.

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Figured bass

Figured bass, or thoroughbass, is a kind of musical notation in which numerals and symbols (often accidentals) indicate intervals, chords, and non-chord tones that a musician playing piano, harpsichord, organ, lute (or other instruments capable of playing chords) play in relation to the bass note that these numbers and symbols appear above or below.

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Filippo Bonaffino

Filippo Bonaffino (fl. 1623) was an Italian composer.

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First inversion

The first inversion of a chord is the voicing of a triad, seventh chord, or ninth chord with the third of the chord in the bass and the root a sixth above it.

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Flat (music)

In music, flat or bemolle (Italian: "soft B") means "lower in pitch".

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Franz Schubert

Franz Peter Schubert (31 January 179719 November 1828) was an Austrian composer of the late Classical and early Romantic eras.

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Friedrich Erhard Niedt

Friedrich Erhard Niedt (31 May 1674 – 1717) was a German jurist, music theorist, and composer.

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Georg Philipp Telemann

Georg Philipp Telemann (– 25 June 1767) was a German Baroque composer and multi-instrumentalist.

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Giovanni Croce

Giovanni Croce (also Ioanne a Cruce Clodiensis, Zuanne Chiozotto; 1557 – 15 May 1609) was an Italian composer of the late Renaissance, of the Venetian School.

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Giovanni Gabrieli

Giovanni Gabrieli (c. 1554/1557 – 12 August 1612) was an Italian composer and organist.

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Giulio Caccini

Giulio Romolo Caccini (also Giulio Romano) (8 October 1551 – buried 10 December 1618), was an Italian composer, teacher, singer, instrumentalist and writer of the very late Renaissance and early Baroque eras.

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Gregor Aichinger

Gregor Aichinger (c. 1565 – 21 January 1628) was a German composer.

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The guitar is a fretted musical instrument that usually has six strings.

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Guitar chord

In music, a guitar chord is a set of notes played on a guitar.

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Harmonic analysis

Harmonic analysis is a branch of mathematics concerned with the representation of functions or signals as the superposition of basic waves, and the study of and generalization of the notions of Fourier series and Fourier transforms (i.e. an extended form of Fourier analysis).

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In music, harmony considers the process by which the composition of individual sounds, or superpositions of sounds, is analysed by hearing.

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The harp is a stringed musical instrument that has a number of individual strings running at an angle to its soundboard; the strings are plucked with the fingers.

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A harpsichord is a musical instrument played by means of a keyboard which activates a row of levers that in turn trigger a mechanism that plucks one or more strings with a small plectrum.

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Historically informed performance

Historically informed performance (also referred to as period performance, authentic performance, or HIP) is an approach to the performance of classical music, which aims to be faithful to the approach, manner and style of the musical era in which a work was originally conceived.

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In music, homophony (Greek: ὁμόφωνος, homóphōnos, from ὁμός, homós, "same" and φωνή, phōnē, "sound, tone") is a texture in which a primary part is supported by one or more additional strands that flesh out the harmony and often provide rhythmic contrast.

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Interval (music)

In music theory, an interval is the difference between two pitches.

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The Introit (from Latin: introitus, "entrance") is part of the opening of the liturgical celebration of the Eucharist for many Christian denominations.

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Inversion (music)

There are inverted chords, inverted melodies, inverted intervals, and (in counterpoint) inverted voices.

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Jazz is a music genre that originated in the African-American communities of New Orleans, United States, in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and developed from roots in blues and ragtime.

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Jean-Philippe Rameau

Jean-Philippe Rameau (–) was one of the most important French composers and music theorists of the 18th century.

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Key signature

In musical notation, a key signature is a set of sharp, flat, and rarely, natural symbols placed together on the staff.

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L'Orfeo (SV 318), sometimes called La favola d'Orfeo, is a late Renaissance/early Baroque favola in musica, or opera, by Claudio Monteverdi, with a libretto by Alessandro Striggio.

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Lodovico Grossi da Viadana

Lodovico Grossi da Viadana (usually Lodovico Viadana, though his family name was Grossi; c. 1560 – 2 May 1627) was an Italian composer, teacher, and Franciscan friar of the Order of Friars Minor Observants.

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Ludwig van Beethoven

Ludwig van Beethoven (baptised 17 December 1770Beethoven was baptised on 17 December. His date of birth was often given as 16 December and his family and associates celebrated his birthday on that date, and most scholars accept that he was born on 16 December; however there is no documentary record of his birth.26 March 1827) was a German composer and pianist.

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A lute is any plucked string instrument with a neck (either fretted or unfretted) and a deep round back enclosing a hollow cavity, usually with a sound hole or opening in the body.

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Luzzasco Luzzaschi

Luzzasco Luzzaschi (c. 1545 – 10 September 1607) was an Italian composer, organist, and teacher of the late Renaissance.

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Macro analysis

In music theory, macro analysis is a method of transcribing, or writing down chords that may be used along with or instead of conventional musical analysis.

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A madrigal is a secular vocal music composition of the Renaissance and early Baroque eras.

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Major chord

In music theory, a major chord is a chord that has a root note, a major third above this root, and a perfect fifth above this root note.

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Major sixth

In music from Western culture, a sixth is a musical interval encompassing six note letter names or staff positions (see Interval number for more details), and the major sixth is one of two commonly occurring sixths.

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Mass (music)

The Mass (italic), a form of sacred musical composition, is a choral composition that sets the invariable portions of the Eucharistic liturgy (principally that of the Catholic Church, the Anglican Communion, and Lutheranism) to music.

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Mass in C major (Beethoven)

Ludwig van Beethoven composed the Mass in C major, Op.

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A melody (from Greek μελῳδία, melōidía, "singing, chanting"), also tune, voice, or line, is a linear succession of musical tones that the listener perceives as a single entity.

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Michael Praetorius

Michael Praetorius (probably 15 February 1571 – 15 February 1621) was a German composer, organist, and music theorist.

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Minor chord

In music theory, a minor chord is a chord having a root, a minor third, and a perfect fifth.

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In poetry, the term monody has become specialized to refer to a poem in which one person laments another's death.

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In western music, a motet is a mainly vocal musical composition, of highly diverse form and style, from the late medieval era to the present.

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Motif (music)

In music, a motif (also motive) is a short musical idea, a salient recurring figure, musical fragment or succession of notes that has some special importance in or is characteristic of a composition: "The motive is the smallest structural unit possessing thematic identity".

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Musical improvisation

Musical improvisation (also known as musical extemporization) is the creative activity of immediate ("in the moment") musical composition, which combines performance with communication of emotions and instrumental technique as well as spontaneous response to other musicians.

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Musical notation

Music notation or musical notation is any system used to visually represent aurally perceived music played with instruments or sung by the human voice through the use of written, printed, or otherwise-produced symbols.

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Musical note

In music, a note is the pitch and duration of a sound, and also its representation in musical notation (♪, ♩).

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Musicology is the scholarly analysis and research-based study of music.

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Nashville number system

The Nashville Number System is a method of transcribing music by denoting the scale degree on which a chord is built.

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Natural (music)

In music theory, a natural is an accidental which cancels previous accidentals and represents the unaltered pitch of a note.

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Nonchord tone

A nonchord tone (NCT), nonharmonic tone, or embellishing tone is a note (i.e., a pitch) in a piece of music or song that is not part of the implied or expressed chord set out by the harmonic framework.

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Opera (English plural: operas; Italian plural: opere) is a form of theatre in which music has a leading role and the parts are taken by singers.

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Organ (music)

In music, the organ (from Greek ὄργανον organon, "organ, instrument, tool") is a keyboard instrument of one or more pipe divisions or other means for producing tones, each played with its own keyboard, played either with the hands on a keyboard or with the feet using pedals.

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Ornament (music)

In music, ornaments or embellishments are musical flourishes—typically, added notes—that are not essential to carry the overall line of the melody (or harmony), but serve instead to decorate or "ornament" that line (or harmony), provide added interest and variety, and give the performer the opportunity to add expressiveness to a song or piece.

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The piano is an acoustic, stringed musical instrument invented in Italy by Bartolomeo Cristofori around the year 1700 (the exact year is uncertain), in which the strings are struck by hammers.

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Placido Falconio

Placido Falconio, also called Falconi in some sources, was an Italian composer of the 16th century.

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In music, polyphony is one type of musical texture, where a texture is, generally speaking, the way that melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic aspects of a musical composition are combined to shape the overall sound and quality of the work.

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Popular music

Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.

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Positive organ

A positive organ (also positiv organ, positif organ, portable organ, chair organ, or simply positive, positiv, positif, or chair) (from the Latin verb ponere, "to place") is a small, usually one-manual, pipe organ that is built to be more or less mobile.

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Regal (instrument)

The regal is a small portable organ, furnished with beating reeds and having two bellows.

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Religious music

Religious music (also sacred music) is music performed or composed for religious use or through religious influence.

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Reverberation, in psychoacoustics and acoustics, is a persistence of sound after the sound is produced.

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Roman numeral analysis

In music, Roman numeral analysis uses Roman numerals to represent chords.

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Scale (music)

In music theory, a scale is any set of musical notes ordered by fundamental frequency or pitch.

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Second inversion

The second inversion of a chord is when the fifth of the chord is in the bass.

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A semitone, also called a half step or a half tone, is the smallest musical interval commonly used in Western tonal music, and it is considered the most dissonant when sounded harmonically.

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Sharp (music)

In music, sharp, dièse (from French), or diesis (from Greek) means higher in pitch.

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Sistine Chapel Choir

The Sistine Chapel Choir, as it is generally called in English, or properly the Coro della Cappella Musicale Pontificia in Italian, is one of the oldest choirs in the world, having been formally active since 1471.

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Staff (music)

In Western musical notation, the staff (US) or stave (UK) (plural for either: '''staves''') is a set of five horizontal lines and four spaces that each represent a different musical pitch or, in the case of a percussion staff, different percussion instruments.

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Tasto solo

Tasto solo is an Italian term used in music scores, usually on the continuo part, to indicate that a note or section should be played on its own, without harmony.

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In musical terminology, tempo ("time" in Italian; plural: tempi) is the speed or pace of a given piece.

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Texture (music)

In music, texture is how the tempo, melodic, and harmonic materials are combined in a composition, thus determining the overall quality of the sound in a piece.

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The theorbo is a plucked string instrument of the lute family, with an extended neck and a second pegbox.

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Tonality is the arrangement of pitches and/or chords of a musical work in a hierarchy of perceived relations, stabilities, attractions and directionality.

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Unfigured bass

Unfigured bass, less commonly known as under-figured bass, is a kind of musical notation used during the Baroque music era in Western Classical music (ca. 1600–1750) in which a basso continuo performer playing a chordal instrument (e.g., harpsichord, organ, or lute) improvises a chordal accompaniment from a notated bass line which lacks the guidance of figures indicating which harmonies should be played above the bass note (see figured bass).

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The viol, viola da gamba, or (informally) gamba, is any one of a family of bowed, fretted and stringed instruments with hollow wooden bodies and pegboxes where the tension on the strings can be increased or decreased to adjust the pitch of each of the strings.

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Bass continuo, Basse chiffree, Basse chiffrée, Bassi continui, Basso Continuo, Basso continuo, Basso numerato, Basso seguente, Continued Bass, Continued bass, Continuous bass, Figured Bass, Figured-bass harmony, General bass, Generalbass, Thorough Bass, Thorough bass, Thorough-bass, Thoroughbass, Through bass, Throughbass.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Figured_bass

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