106 relations: A&M Records, Inc. v. Napster, Inc., Anonymous (group), Arista Records LLC v. Lime Group LLC, Audio file format, Audiogalaxy, Australian National University, Billboard (magazine), BitTorrent, Bulletin board system, C't, CBS News, Cloud computing, Clustered file system, Comparison of file-sharing applications, Computer data storage, Computer network, Copyright, Creative Commons license, Data synchronization, Data transmission, Digital media, Digital Millennium Copyright Act, Dropbox (service), E-book, EDonkey network, EDonkey2000, European Commission, FastTrack, Felix Oberholzer-Gee, File hosting service, File synchronization, File system, File Transfer Protocol, FileServe, Free content, Freenet, FrostWire, GiFT, Gnutella, Google Books, Google Drive, Graduated response, Gtk-gnutella, Harvard Business School, Hotline Communications, Hyperlink, Independent study, Infinit (file transfer), Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada, International Journal of Communication, ..., Internet Relay Chat, IsoHunt, Kazaa, Kim Dotcom, LimeWire, Malware, Megaupload, MGM Studios, Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd., Missionary Church of Kopimism, MIT Sloan School of Management, MLDonkey, Morpheus (software), MP3, MP3.com, Multimedia, Napster, Netflix, Nielsen SoundScan, North Carolina State University, Online chat, Open music model, Operations Research (journal), Peer-to-peer, Peer-to-peer file sharing, Portable media player, Privacy in file sharing networks, Public domain, Record label, Recording Industry Association of America, Removable media, Rsync, Sandvine, Shareaza, Shared resource, Shuman Ghosemajumder, Single point of failure, Social Science Research Network, Spotify, Stanford University, Supreme Court of the United States, Suprnova.org, The Chronicle of Higher Education, The New Zealand Herald, The Pirate Bay, The Pirate Bay trial, Torrent poisoning, TorrentSpy, Trade group efforts against file sharing, United States, United States Department of Justice, USC Annenberg Press, Usenet, User (system), Version control, Warez, Website. Expand index (56 more) » « Shrink index
A&M Records, Inc.
Anonymous is a decentralized international hacktivist group that is widely known for its various DDOS cyber attacks against several governments, government institutions & government agencies, corporations, and the Church of Scientology.
Arista Records LLC v. Lime Group LLC, 715 F. Supp. 2d 481 (S.D.N.Y. 2010), is a United States district court case in which the Southern District of New York held that Lime Group LLC, the defendant, induced copyright infringement with its peer-to-peer file sharing software, LimeWire.
An audio file format is a file format for storing digital audio data on a computer system.
Audiogalaxy was an Internet music service with three incarnations.
The Australian National University (ANU) is a national research university located in Canberra, the capital of Australia.
Billboard (styled as billboard) is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries.
BitTorrent (abbreviated to BT) is a communication protocol for peer-to-peer file sharing (P2P) which is used to distribute data and electronic files over the Internet.
A bulletin board system or BBS (also called Computer Bulletin Board Service, CBBS) is a computer server running software that allows users to connect to the system using a terminal program.
c't – Magazin für Computertechnik (magazine for computer technology) is a German computer magazine, published by the Heinz Heise publishing house.
CBS News is the news division of American television and radio service CBS.
Cloud computing is an information technology (IT) paradigm that enables ubiquitous access to shared pools of configurable system resources and higher-level services that can be rapidly provisioned with minimal management effort, often over the Internet.
A clustered file system is a file system which is shared by being simultaneously mounted on multiple servers.
File sharing is a method of distributing electronically stored information such as computer programs and digital media.
Computer data storage, often called storage or memory, is a technology consisting of computer components and recording media that are used to retain digital data.
A computer network, or data network, is a digital telecommunications network which allows nodes to share resources.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
A Creative Commons (CC) license is one of several public copyright licenses that enable the free distribution of an otherwise copyrighted work.
Data synchronization is the process of establishing consistency among data from a source to a target data storage and vice versa and the continuous harmonization of the data over time.
Data transmission (also data communication or digital communications) is the transfer of data (a digital bitstream or a digitized analog signal) over a point-to-point or point-to-multipoint communication channel.
Digital media are any media that are encoded in machine-readable formats.
The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a United States copyright law that implements two 1996 treaties of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
Dropbox is a file hosting service operated by American company Dropbox, Inc., headquartered in San Francisco, California, that offers cloud storage, file synchronization, personal cloud, and client software.
An electronic book (or e-book or eBook) is a book publication made available in digital form, consisting of text, images, or both, readable on the flat-panel display of computers or other electronic devices.
The eDonkey Network (also known as the eDonkey2000 network or eD2k) is a decentralized, mostly server-based, peer-to-peer file sharing network created in 2000 by US developers Jed McCaleb and Sam Yagan that is best suited to share big files among users, and to provide long term availability of files.
eDonkey2000 (nicknamed "ed2k") is a peer-to-peer file sharing application developed by US company MetaMachine (Jed McCaleb and Sam Yagan), using the Multisource File Transfer Protocol.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
FastTrack is a peer-to-peer (P2P) protocol that was used by the Kazaa, Grokster, iMesh, and Morpheus file sharing programs.
Felix Oberholzer-Gee is a Swiss academic.
A file hosting service, cloud storage service, online file storage provider, or cyberlocker is an Internet hosting service specifically designed to host user files.
File synchronization (or syncing) in computing is the process of ensuring that computer files in two or more locations are updated via certain rules.
In computing, a file system or filesystem controls how data is stored and retrieved.
The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used for the transfer of computer files between a client and server on a computer network.
FileServe was an online file hosting service.
Free content, libre content, or free information, is any kind of functional work, work of art, or other creative content that meets the definition of a free cultural work.
Freenet is a peer-to-peer platform for censorship-resistant communication.
FrostWire is a Free and open-source BitTorrent client first released in September 2004, as a fork of LimeWire.
giFT Internet File Transfer (giFT) is a computer software daemon that allows several file sharing protocols to be used with a simple client having a graphical user interface (GUI).
Gnutella (possibly by analogy with the GNU Project) is a large peer-to-peer network.
Google Books (previously known as Google Book Search and Google Print and by its codename Project Ocean) is a service from Google Inc. that searches the full text of books and magazines that Google has scanned, converted to text using optical character recognition (OCR), and stored in its digital database.
Google Drive is a file storage and synchronization service developed by Google.
Graduated response (also known as three strikes) is a protocol or law, adopted in several countries, aimed at reducing unlawful file sharing.
gtk-gnutella is a peer-to-peer file sharing application which runs on the gnutella network.
Harvard Business School (HBS) is the graduate business school of Harvard University in Boston, Massachusetts.
Hotline Communications Limited (HCL) was a software company founded in 1997, based in Toronto, Canada, with employees also in the United States and Australia.
In computing, a hyperlink, or simply a link, is a reference to data that the reader can directly follow either by clicking, tapping, or hovering.
Independent study is a form of education offered by many high schools, colleges, and other educational institutions.
Infinit is a discontinued file transfer service operated by Infinit International Inc.
Innovation, Science and Economic Development Canada (Innovation, Sciences et Développement économique Canada), or ISED, formerly Industry Canada, is the department of the Government of Canada with a mandate of fostering a growing, competitive, and knowledge-based Canadian economy.
The International Journal of Communication is an open access peer-reviewed academic journal covering studies on communication.
Internet Relay Chat (IRC) is an application layer protocol that facilitates communication in the form of text.
isoHunt is an online torrent files index and repository, where visitors can browse, search, download or upload torrents of various digital content of mostly entertainment nature.
Kazaa Media Desktop (once stylized as "KaZaA", but later usually written "Kazaa") started as a peer-to-peer file sharing application using the FastTrack protocol licensed by Joltid Ltd. and operated as Kazaa by Sharman Networks.
Kim Dotcom (born Kim Schmitz, 21 January 1974), also known as Kimble and Kim Tim Jim Vestor, is a German-Finnish Internet entrepreneur and political activist who resides in Queenstown, New Zealand.
LimeWire is a discontinued free peer-to-peer file sharing (P2P) client for Windows, macOS, Linux and Solaris.
Malware (a portmanteau for malicious software) is any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server or computer network.
Megaupload Ltd was a Hong Kong-based online company established in 2005 that operated from 2005 to 2012 providing online services related to file storage and viewing.
MGM Studios, Inc.
The Missionary Church of Kopimism (in Swedish Missionerande Kopimistsamfundet), is a congregation of file sharers who believe that copying information is a sacred virtue and was founded by Isak Gerson, a 19-year-old philosophy student, and Gustav Nipe in Uppsala, Sweden in the autumn of 2010.
The MIT Sloan School of Management (also known as MIT Sloan or Sloan) is the business school of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
MLDonkey is an open source, multi-protocol, peer-to-peer file sharing application that runs as a back-end server application on many platforms.
Morpheus was a file sharing and searching peer-to-peer client for Microsoft Windows, developed and distributed by the company StreamCast, that originally used the Opennap protocol, but later supported many different peer-to-peer protocols.
MP3 (formally MPEG-1 Audio Layer III or MPEG-2 Audio Layer III) is an audio coding format for digital audio.
MP3.com is a web site operated by CNET Networks providing information about digital music and artists, songs, services, community, and technologies.
Multimedia is content that uses a combination of different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, video and interactive content.
Napster is the name given to three music-focused online services.
Netflix, Inc. is an American over-the-top media services provider, headquartered in Los Gatos, California.
Nielsen SoundScan is an information and sales tracking system created by Mike Fine and Mike Shalett.
North Carolina State University (also referred to as NCSU, NC State, or just State) is a public research university located in Raleigh, North Carolina, United States.
Online chat may refer to any kind of communication over the Internet that offers a real-time transmission of text messages from sender to receiver.
The open music model is an economic and technological framework for the recording industry based on research conducted at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Operations Research is a bimonthly peer-reviewed academic journal covering operations research that is published by INFORMS.
Peer-to-peer (P2P) computing or networking is a distributed application architecture that partitions tasks or workloads between peers.
Peer-to-peer file sharing is the distribution and sharing of digital media using peer-to-peer (P2P) networking technology.
A portable media player (PMP) or digital audio player (DAP) is a portable consumer electronics device capable of storing and playing digital media such as audio, images, and video files.
Peer-to-peer file sharing (P2P) systems like Gnutella, KaZaA, and eDonkey/eMule, have become extremely popular in recent years, with the estimated user population in the millions.
The public domain consists of all the creative works to which no exclusive intellectual property rights apply.
A record label, or record company, is a brand or trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos.
The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) is a trade organization that represents the recording industry in the United States.
In computer storage, some types of removable media are designed to be read to or written to by removable readers, writers and drives.
rsync is a utility for efficiently transferring and synchronizing files across computer systems, by checking the timestamp and size of files.
Sandvine Incorporated is a networking equipment company based in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.
Shareaza is a peer-to-peer file sharing client running under Microsoft Windows which supports the gnutella, Gnutella2 (G2), eDonkey, BitTorrent, FTP, HTTP and HTTPS network protocols and handles magnet links, ed2k links, and the now deprecated gnutella and Piolet links.
In computing, a shared resource, or network share, is a computer resource made available from one host to other hosts on a computer network.
Shuman Ghosemajumder (born 1974) is a Canadian technologist, entrepreneur, and author.
A single point of failure (SPOF) is a part of a system that, if it fails, will stop the entire system from working.
The Social Science Research Network (SSRN) is a website devoted to the rapid dissemination of scholarly research in the social sciences and humanities.
Spotify Technology SA is a Swedish entertainment company founded by Daniel Ek and Martin Lorentzon.
Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Suprnova.org was a Slovenia-based website which distributed torrents for various music and video files, computer programs and games.
The Chronicle of Higher Education is a newspaper and website that presents news, information, and jobs for college and university faculty and Student Affairs professionals (staff members and administrators).
The New Zealand Herald is a daily newspaper published in Auckland, New Zealand, owned by New Zealand Media and Entertainment.
The Pirate Bay (sometimes abbreviated to TPB) is an online index of digital content of entertainment media and software.
The Pirate Bay trial is a joint criminal and civil prosecution in Sweden of four individuals charged for promoting the copyright infringement of others with the torrent tracking website The Pirate Bay.
Torrent poisoning is intentionally sharing corrupt data or data with misleading file names using the BitTorrent protocol.
TorrentSpy was a popular BitTorrent indexing website.
Arts and media industry trade groups, such as the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) and Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA), strongly oppose and attempt to prevent copyright infringement through file sharing.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.
USC Annenberg Press is a university press based in the Annenberg School for Communication and Journalism at the University of Southern California.
Usenet is a worldwide distributed discussion system available on computers.
A system user is a person who interacts with a system, typically through an interface, to extract some functional benefit.
A component of software configuration management, version control, also known as revision control or source control, is the management of changes to documents, computer programs, large web sites, and other collections of information.
Warez is a common computing and broader cultural term referring to pirated software (i.e. illegally copied, often after deactivation of anti-piracy measures) that is distributed via the Internet.
A website is a collection of related web pages, including multimedia content, typically identified with a common domain name, and published on at least one web server.
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