102 relations: Antivirus software, Application programming interface, Be File System, BeOS, Bourne shell, Buffer overflow, Classic Mac OS, COM file, Compiler, Computer file, Computer virus, Computer worm, Context menu, Conversational Monitor System, CP/M, Creator code, Desktop environment, DESQview, DOS, Double-click, Download, Executable, File (command), File Allocation Table, File Explorer, File system, Filename, Full stop, Game Boy Advance, GNOME, GrabIt, Graphical user interface, Gzip, Heuristic, High Performance File System, Hypertext Transfer Protocol, IBM, Icon (computing), ILOVEYOU, Internet, Internet protocol suite, Interpreter directive, Java (programming language), KDE, Kludge, Letter case, Linux, List of file formats, List of filename extensions, Macintosh, ..., MacOS, Magic number (programming), Malware, Media type, Metadata, Microsoft Windows, MIME, MS-DOS, Multics, Namespace, NeXTSTEP, NTFS, Object code, OpenVMS, OS/2, OS/360 and successors, OSType, Plain text, Python (programming language), Quicken, QuickTime, ReactOS, RealPlayer, ReFS, Resource fork, Rpm (software), Scalable Vector Graphics, Scratch (programming language), Shebang (Unix), SmallBASIC, Source code, Substring, Tar (computing), Time Sharing Option, Top-level domain, Type code, Uniform Type Identifier, Unix, Unix-like, VBScript, VM (operating system), Windows 95, Windows NT, Windows NT 3.5, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP, WordStar, World Wide Web, .com, .exe, .properties, 8.3 filename. Expand index (52 more) » « Shrink index
Antivirus software, or anti-virus software (abbreviated to AV software), also known as anti-malware, is a computer program used to prevent, detect, and remove malware.
In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) is a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building software.
The Be File System (BFS) is the native file system for the BeOS.
BeOS is an operating system for personal computers first developed by Be Inc. in 1991.
The Bourne shell (sh) is a shell, or command-line interpreter, for computer operating systems.
In information security and programming, a buffer overflow, or buffer overrun, is an anomaly where a program, while writing data to a buffer, overruns the buffer's boundary and overwrites adjacent memory locations.
Classic Mac OS is a colloquial term used to describe a series of operating systems developed for the Macintosh family of personal computers by Apple Inc. from 1984 until 2001.
A COM file is a type of simple executable file.
A compiler is computer software that transforms computer code written in one programming language (the source language) into another programming language (the target language).
A computer file is a computer resource for recording data discretely in a computer storage device.
A computer virus is a type of malicious software program ("malware") that, when executed, replicates itself by modifying other computer programs and inserting its own code.
A computer worm is a standalone malware computer program that replicates itself in order to spread to other computers.
A context menu (also called contextual, shortcut, and pop up or pop-up menu) is a menu in a graphical user interface (GUI) that appears upon user interaction, such as a right-click mouse operation.
The Conversational Monitor System (CMS – originally: "Cambridge Monitor System") is a simple interactive single-user operating system.
CP/M, originally standing for Control Program/Monitor and later Control Program for Microcomputers, is a mass-market operating system created for Intel 8080/85-based microcomputers by Gary Kildall of Digital Research, Inc.
A creator code is a mechanism introduced in the classic Mac OS to link a data file to the application program which created it.
In computing, a desktop environment (DE) is an implementation of the desktop metaphor made of a bundle of programs running on top of a computer operating system, which share a common graphical user interface (GUI), sometimes described as a graphical shell.
DESQview (DV) was a text mode multitasking operating environment developed by Quarterdeck Office Systems which enjoyed modest popularity in the late 1980s and early 1990s.
DOS is a family of disk operating systems.
A double-click is the act of pressing a computer mouse button twice quickly without moving the mouse.
In computer networks, to download (abbreviation DL) is to receive data from a remote system, typically a server such as a web server, an FTP server, an email server, or other similar systems.
In computing, executable code or an executable file or executable program, sometimes simply referred to as an executable or binary, causes a computer "to perform indicated tasks according to encoded instructions," as opposed to a data file that must be parsed by a program to be meaningful.
file is a standard Unix program for recognizing the type of data contained in a computer file.
File Allocation Table (FAT) is a computer file system architecture and a family of industry-standard file systems utilizing it.
File Explorer, previously known as Windows Explorer, is a file manager application that is included with releases of the Microsoft Windows operating system from Windows 95 onwards.
In computing, a file system or filesystem controls how data is stored and retrieved.
A filename (also written as two words, file name) is a name used to uniquely identify a computer file stored in a file system.
The full point or full stop (British and broader Commonwealth English) or period (North American English) is a punctuation mark.
The Game Boy Advance (GBA) is a 32-bit handheld video game console developed, manufactured and marketed by Nintendo as the successor to the Game Boy Color.
GNOME is a desktop environment composed of free and open-source software that runs on Linux and most BSD derivatives.
GrabIt is a freeware newsreader for Windows developed by Ilan Shemes.
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
gzip is a file format and a software application used for file compression and decompression.
A heuristic technique (εὑρίσκω, "find" or "discover"), often called simply a heuristic, is any approach to problem solving, learning, or discovery that employs a practical method, not guaranteed to be optimal, perfect, logical, or rational, but instead sufficient for reaching an immediate goal.
HPFS ("High Performance File System") is a file system created specifically for the OS/2 operating system to improve upon the limitations of the FAT file system.
The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is an application protocol for distributed, collaborative, and hypermedia information systems.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
In computing, an icon is a pictogram or ideogram displayed on a computer screen in order to help the user navigate a computer system or mobile device.
ILOVEYOU, sometimes referred to as Love Bug or Love Letter, was a computer worm that attacked tens of millions of Windows personal computers on and after 5 May 2000 local time in the Philippines when it started spreading as an email message with the subject line "ILOVEYOU" and the attachment "LOVE-LETTER-FOR-YOU.txt.vbs".
The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link devices worldwide.
The Internet protocol suite is the conceptual model and set of communications protocols used on the Internet and similar computer networks.
An interpreter directive is a computer language construct, that on some systems is better described as an aspect of the system's executable file format, that is used to control which interpreter parses and interprets the instructions in a computer program.
Java is a general-purpose computer-programming language that is concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, and specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible.
KDE is an international free software community that develops Free and Open Source based software.
A kludge or kluge is a workaround or quick-and-dirty solution that is clumsy, inelegant, inefficient, difficult to extend and hard to maintain.
Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper case (also uppercase, capital letters, capitals, caps, large letters, or more formally majuscule) and smaller lower case (also lowercase, small letters, or more formally minuscule) in the written representation of certain languages.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
This is a list of file formats used by computers, organized by type.
This alphabetical list of filename extensions contains standard extensions associated with computer files.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
In computer programming, the term magic number has multiple meanings.
Malware (a portmanteau for malicious software) is any software intentionally designed to cause damage to a computer, server or computer network.
A media type (formerly known as MIME type) is a two-part identifier for file formats and format contents transmitted on the Internet.
Metadata is "data that provides information about other data".
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) is an Internet standard that extends the format of email to support.
MS-DOS (acronym for Microsoft Disk Operating System) is an operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft.
Multics (Multiplexed Information and Computing Service) is an influential early time-sharing operating system, based around the concept of a single-level memory.
In computing, a namespace is a set of symbols that are used to organize objects of various kinds, so that these objects may be referred to by name.
NeXTSTEP is a discontinued object-oriented, multitasking operating system based on UNIX.
NTFS (New Technology File System) is a proprietary file system developed by Microsoft.
In computing, object code or object module is the product of a compiler.
OpenVMS is a closed-source, proprietary computer operating system for use in general-purpose computing.
OS/2 is a series of computer operating systems, initially created by Microsoft and IBM under the leadership of IBM software designer Ed Iacobucci.
OS/360, officially known as IBM System/360 Operating System, is a discontinued batch processing operating system developed by IBM for their then-new System/360 mainframe computer, announced in 1964; it was heavily influenced by the earlier IBSYS/IBJOB and Input/Output Control System (IOCS) packages.
OSType (also known as ResType) is the name of a four-byte sequence commonly used as an identifier in the classic Mac OS.
In computing, plain text is the data (e.g. file contents) that represent only characters of readable material but not its graphical representation nor other objects (images, etc.). It may also include a limited number of characters that control simple arrangement of text, such as line breaks or tabulation characters.
Python is an interpreted high-level programming language for general-purpose programming.
Quicken is a personal finance management tool developed by Quicken Inc.
QuickTime is an extensible multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc., capable of handling various formats of digital video, picture, sound, panoramic images, and interactivity.
ReactOS is a free and open-source operating system for x86/x64 personal computers intended to be binary-compatible with computer programs and device drivers made for Windows Server 2003.
RealPlayer, formerly RealAudio Player, RealOne Player and RealPlayer G2, is a cross-platform media player app, developed by RealNetworks.
Resilient File System (ReFS), codenamed "Protogon", is a Microsoft proprietary file system introduced with Windows Server 2012 with the intent of becoming the "next generation" file system after NTFS.
The resource fork is a fork or section of a file on Apple's classic Mac OS operating system, which was also carried over to the modern macOS for compatibility, used to store structured data along with the unstructured data stored within the data fork.
RPM Package Manager (RPM) (originally Red Hat Package Manager; now a recursive acronym) is a package management system.
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is an XML-based vector image format for two-dimensional graphics with support for interactivity and animation.
Scratch is a visual programming language and online community targeted primarily at children.
In computing, a shebang is the character sequence consisting of the characters number sign and exclamation mark at the beginning of a script.
SmallBASIC is a BASIC programming language dialect with interpreters released as free software under the GNU General Public License version 2.
In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.
A substring is a contiguous sequence of characters within a string.
In computing, tar is a computer software utility for collecting many files into one archive file, often referred to as a tarball, for distribution or backup purposes.
Time Sharing Option (TSO) is an interactive time-sharing environment for IBM mainframe operating systems, including OS/360 MVT, OS/VS2 (SVS), MVS, OS/390, and z/OS.
A top-level domain (TLD) is one of the domains at the highest level in the hierarchical Domain Name System of the Internet.
A type code is the only mechanism used in the classic Mac OS to denote a file's format, in a manner similar to file extensions in other operating systems.
A Uniform Type Identifier (UTI) is a text string used on software provided by Apple Inc. to uniquely identify a given class or type of item.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
A Unix-like (sometimes referred to as UN*X or *nix) operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification.
VBScript ("Microsoft Visual Basic Scripting Edition") is an Active Scripting language developed by Microsoft that is modeled on Visual Basic.
VM (often: VM/CMS) is a family of IBM virtual machine operating systems used on IBM mainframes System/370, System/390, zSeries, System z and compatible systems, including the Hercules emulator for personal computers.
Windows 95 (codenamed Chicago) is a consumer-oriented operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows NT is a family of operating systems produced by Microsoft, the first version of which was released in July 1993.
Windows NT 3.5 is an operating system developed by Microsoft, released on September 21, 1994.
Windows Server 2003 is a server operating system produced by Microsoft and released on April 24, 2003.
Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
WordStar is a word processor application that had a dominant market share during the early- to mid-1980s.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
The domain name com is a top-level domain (TLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet.
.exe is a common filename extension denoting an executable file (the main execution point of a computer program) for DOS, OpenVMS, Microsoft Windows, Symbian or OS/2.
.properties is a file extension for files mainly used in Java related technologies to store the configurable parameters of an application.
An 8.3 filename (also called a short filename or SFN) is a filename convention used by old versions of DOS and versions of Microsoft Windows prior to Windows 95 and Windows NT 3.5.
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