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Financial institution

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In finance and economics, a financial institution is an institution that provides financial services for its clients or members. [1]

43 relations: Bank, Brokerage firm, Building society, Central Bank of Russia, Consumer Credit Act 1974, Counterparty, Credit union, Deposit (finance), Economics, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council, Federal Financial Supervisory Authority, Federal Reserve System, Finance, Financial economics, Financial intermediary, Financial market, Financial regulation, Financial services, Financial Supervisory Authority of Norway, Fractional-reserve banking, Fraud, Full-reserve banking, Government, Hong Kong Monetary Authority, Institution, Insurance, International financial institutions, Investment banking, List of financial regulatory authorities by country, Loan, Mortgage loan, National Credit Union Administration, Non-bank financial institution, Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Office of Thrift Supervision, Pension fund, Savings and loan association, Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication, Trader (finance), Trust company, Underwriting, United States.

A bank is a financial intermediary that creates credit by lending money to a borrower, thereby creating a corresponding deposit on the bank's balance sheet.

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A brokerage firm, or simply brokerage, is a financial institution that facilitates the buying and selling of financial securities between a buyer and a seller.

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A building society is a financial institution owned by its members as a mutual organisation.

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The Bank of Russia (p) is the central bank of the Russian Federation, founded in 1990, headquarterd on Neglinnaya Street in Moscow.

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The Consumer Credit Act 1974 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that significantly reformed the law relating to consumer credit within the United Kingdom.

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A counterparty (sometimes contraparty) is a legal entity, unincorporated entity or collection of entities to which an exposure to financial risk might exist.

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A credit union is a member-owned financial cooperative, democratically controlled by its members, and operated for the purpose of promoting thrift, providing credit at competitive rates, and providing other financial services to its members.

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A deposit is money placed with some other entity.

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Economics is the social science that seeks to describe the factors which determine the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.

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The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) is a United States government corporation operating as an independent agency created by the Banking Act of 1933.

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The Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council (FFIEC) is a formal U.S. government interagency body that includes five banking regulators—the Federal Reserve Board of Governors (FRB), the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC), the National Credit Union Administration (NCUA), the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC), and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB).

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The Federal Financial Supervisory Authority (Bundesanstalt für Finanzdienstleistungsaufsicht) better known by its abbreviation BaFin is the financial regulatory authority for Germany.

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The Federal Reserve System (also known as the Federal Reserve, and informally as the Fed) is the central banking system of the United States.

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Finance is a field that deals with assets and liabilities over time under conditions of certainty and uncertainty.

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Financial economics is the branch of economics characterized by a "concentration on monetary activities", in which "money of one type or another is likely to appear on both sides of a trade".

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A financial intermediary is a financial institution that connects surplus and deficit agents.

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A financial market is a market in which people trade financial securities, commodities, and other fungible items of value at low transaction costs and at prices that reflect supply and demand.

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Financial regulation is a form of regulation or supervision, which subjects financial institutions to certain requirements, restrictions and guidelines, aiming to maintain the integrity of the financial system.

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Financial services are the economic services provided by the finance industry, which encompasses a broad range of businesses that manage money, including credit unions, banks, credit-card companies, insurance companies, accountancy companies, consumer-finance companies, stock brokerages, investment funds and some government-sponsored enterprises.

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The Financial Supervisory Authority of Norway (Finanstilsynet) is a Norwegian government agency responsible for supervision of financial companies within Norway based on law and regulations from Storting, the Norwegian Ministry of Finance and international accounting standards.

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Fractional-reserve banking is the practice whereby a bank accepts deposits, and holds reserves that are a fraction of the amount of its deposit liabilities.

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In law, fraud is deliberate deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain.

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Full-reserve banking, also known as 100% reserve banking, refers to an alternative to fractional reserve banking in which banks are required to keep the full amount of each depositor's funds in cash, ready for immediate withdrawal on demand.

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A government is the system by which a state or community is controlled.

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The Hong Kong Monetary Authority (HKMA, or 金管局) is Hong Kong's currency board and de facto central bank.

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Institutions are "stable, valued, recurring patterns of behavior." As structures or mechanisms of social order, they govern the behaviour of a set of individuals within a given community.

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Insurance is the equitable transfer of the risk of a loss, from one entity to another in exchange for money.

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The international financial institutions (IFIs) are financial institutions that have been established (or chartered) by more than one country, and hence are subjects of international law.

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An investment bank is a financial institution that assists individuals, corporations, and governments in raising financial capital by underwriting or acting as the client's agent in the issuance of securities (or both).

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The following is an incomplete list of financial regulatory authorities by country.

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In finance, a loan is a debt provided by one entity (organization or individual) to another entity at an interest rate, and evidenced by a note which specifies, among other things, the principal amount, interest rate, and date of repayment.

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A mortgage loan, also referred to as a mortgage, is used by purchasers of real property to raise capital to buy real estate; or by existing property owners to raise funds for any purpose while putting a lien on the property being mortgaged.

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The National Credit Union Administration (NCUA) is the independent federal agency created by the United States Congress to regulate, charter, and supervise federal credit unions.

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A non-bank financial institution (NBFI) is a financial institution that does not have a full banking license or is not supervised by a national or international banking regulatory agency.

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The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) is an independent bureau within the United States Department of the Treasury that was established by the National Currency Act of 1863 and serves to charter, regulate, and supervise all national banks and thrift institutions and the federal branches and agencies of foreign banks in the United States.

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The Office of Thrift Supervision (OTS) was a United States federal agency under the Department of the Treasury that chartered, supervised, and regulated all federally chartered and state-chartered savings banks and savings and loans associations.

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A pension fund, also known as a superannuation fund in some countries, is any plan, fund, or scheme which provides retirement income.

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A savings and loan association (or S&L), also known as a thrift, is a financial institution that specializes in accepting savings deposits and making mortgage and other loans.

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The Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT) provides a network that enables financial institutions worldwide to send and receive information about financial transactions in a secure, standardized and reliable environment.

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A trader is person or entity, in finance, who buys and sells financial instruments such as stocks, bonds, commodities and derivatives, in the capacity of agent, hedger, arbitrageur, or speculator.

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A trust company is a corporation, especially a commercial bank, organized to perform the fiduciary of trusts and agencies.

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In insurance, underwriting is to sign and accept liability and guaranteeing payment in case loss or damage occurs.

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The United States of America (USA), commonly referred to as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major territories and various possessions.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Financial_institution

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