107 relations: Accounting, Alternative financial service, Angel investor, Automated teller machine, Baltic Exchange, Bank, Bank card, Bermuda, Bond (finance), Brand, Brokerage firm, Bureau de change, Business, Capital market, Cashier's check, Casualty insurance, Cayman Islands, Certified check, Cheque, Clearing house (finance), Commerce, Conglomerate (company), Credit card, Credit union, Custodian bank, Debit card, Debits and credits, Debt settlement, Discount brokerage, Earnings, Economic capital, Economy of London, Economy of New York City, Edinburgh, Electronic funds transfer, Electronic trading platform, Euro, Exchange (organized market), Financial analyst, Financial centre, Financial crime, Financial data vendor, Financial market, Financial services, Financial technology, Financialization, Foreign exchange company, Government-sponsored enterprise, Gramm–Leach–Bliley Act, Health insurance, ..., Hedge fund, High-net-worth individual, Holding company, Insider threat, Insurance, Insurance broker, Interbank network, International business, International Monetary Fund, Investment banking, Investment fund, Investment management, Japan, Life annuity, Life insurance, List of investment banks, List of largest financial services companies by revenue, Lists of banks, Lloyd's of London, Loan, London, London Stock Exchange, Luxembourg, Mergers and acquisitions, Mortgage loan, Notary, Offshore financial centre, Overdraft, Payment system, Prime brokerage, Private banking, Private equity, Property insurance, Real-time gross settlement, Registered Investment Adviser, Reinsurance, Remittance, Retail banking, Safe, Security (finance), Service (economics), Stock, Stock exchange, Structured finance, Takeover, Tax avoidance, Tokyo, Underwriting, United Kingdom, United States, United States dollar, Universal bank, Unsecured debt, Venture capital, Wealth management, Wire transfer, World currency. Expand index (57 more) » « Shrink index
Accounting or accountancy is the measurement, processing, and communication of financial information about economic entities such as businesses and corporations.
An alternative financial service (AFS) is a financial service provided outside traditional banking institutions, on which many low-income individuals depend.
An angel investor (also known as a business angel, informal investor, angel funder, private investor, or seed investor) is an affluent individual who provides capital for a business start-up, usually in exchange for convertible debt or ownership equity.
An automated teller machine (ATM) is an electronic telecommunications device that enables customers of financial institutions to perform financial transactions, such as cash withdrawals, deposits, transfer funds, or obtaining account information, at any time and without the need for direct interaction with bank staff.
The Baltic Exchange (incorporated as The Baltic Exchange Limited) is a membership organisation for the maritime industry, and freight market information provider for the trading and settlement of physical and derivative contracts.
A bank is a financial institution that accepts deposits from the public and creates credit.
A bank card is typically a plastic card issued by a bank to its clients that performs one or more of a number of services that relate to giving the client access to funds, either from the client's own bank account, or through a credit account.
Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean.
In finance, a bond is an instrument of indebtedness of the bond issuer to the holders.
A brand is a name, term, design, symbol, or other feature that distinguishes an organization or product from its rivals in the eyes of the customer.
A brokerage firm, or simply brokerage, is a financial institution that facilitates the buying and selling of financial securities between a buyer and a seller.
A bureau de change (plural bureaux de change, both) (British English) or currency exchange (American English) is a business where people can exchange one currency for another.
Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (goods and services).
A capital market is a financial market in which long-term debt (over a year) or equity-backed securities are bought and sold.
A cashier's check or cheque is a cheque guaranteed by a bank, drawn on the bank's own funds and signed by a cashier.
Casualty insurance is a problematically defined term which broadly encompasses insurance not directly concerned with life insurance, health insurance, or property insurance.
The Cayman Islands is an autonomous British Overseas Territory in the western Caribbean Sea.
A certified check or certified cheque is a form of cheque for which the bank verifies that sufficient funds exist in the account to cover the cheque, and so certifies, at the time the cheque is written.
A cheque, or check (American English; see spelling differences), is a document that orders a bank to pay a specific amount of money from a person's account to the person in whose name the cheque has been issued.
A clearing house is a financial institution formed to facilitate the exchange (i.e., clearance) of payments, securities, or derivatives transactions.
Commerce relates to "the exchange of goods and services, especially on a large scale.” Commerce includes legal, economic, political, social, cultural and technological systems that operate in any country or internationally.
A conglomerate is the combination of two or more corporations operating in entirely different industries under one corporate group, usually involving a parent company and many subsidiaries.
A credit card is a payment card issued to users (cardholders) to enable the cardholder to pay a merchant for goods and services based on the cardholder's promise to the card issuer to pay them for the amounts so paid plus the other agreed charges.
A credit union is a member-owned financial cooperative, controlled by its members and operated on the principle of people helping people, providing its members credit at competitive rates as well as other financial services.
A custodian bank, or simply custodian, is a specialized financial institution responsible for safeguarding a firm's or individual's financial assets and is not engaged in "traditional" commercial or consumer/retail banking such as mortgage or personal lending, branch banking, personal accounts, automated teller machines (ATMs) and so forth.
A debit card (also known as a bank card, plastic card or check card) is a plastic payment card that can be used instead of cash when making purchases.
In double entry bookkeeping, debits and credits (abbreviated Dr and Cr, respectively) are entries made in account ledgers to record changes in value resulting from business transactions.
Debt settlement, also known as debt arbitration, debt negotiation or credit settlement, is an approach to debt reduction in which the debtor and creditor agree on a reduced balance that will be regarded as payment in full.
A discount brokerage is a business that charges clients significantly lower fees than a traditional brokerage firm but without providing financial advice.
Earnings are the net benefits of a corporation's operation.
In finance, mainly for financial services firms, economic capital is the amount of risk capital, assessed on a realistic basis, which a firm requires to cover the risks that it is running or collecting as a going concern, such as market risk, credit risk, legal risk, and operational risk.
London, the capital city of the United Kingdom, is the world's leading financial centre for international business and commerce and is one of the "command centres" for the global economy.
The economy of New York City encompasses the largest municipal and regional economy in the United States.
Edinburgh (Dùn Èideann; Edinburgh) is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas.
Electronic funds transfer (EFT) is the electronic transfer of money from one bank account to another, either within a single financial institution or across multiple institutions, via computer-based systems, without the direct intervention of bank staff.
In finance, an electronic trading platform also known as an online trading platform, is a computer software program that can be used to place orders for financial products over a network with a financial intermediary.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
An exchange, or bourse also known as a trading exchange or trading venue, is an organized market where (especially) tradable securities, commodities, foreign exchange, futures, and options contracts are sold and bought.
A financial analyst, securities analyst, research analyst, equity analyst, investment analyst, or rating analyst is a person who performs financial analysis for external or internal financial clients as a core part of the job.
A financial centre is a location that is home to a cluster of nationally or internationally significant financial services providers such as banks, investment managers, or stock exchanges.
Financial crime is crime committed against property, involving the unlawful conversion of the ownership of property (belonging to one person) to one's own personal use and benefit.
A financial data vendor provides market data to financial firms, traders, and investors.
A financial market is a market in which people trade financial securities and derivatives such as futures and options at low transaction costs.
Financial services are the economic services provided by the finance industry, which encompasses a broad range of businesses that manage money, including credit unions, banks, credit-card companies, insurance companies, accountancy companies, consumer-finance companies, stock brokerages, investment funds, individual managers and some government-sponsored enterprises.
Financial technology (FinTech or fintech) is the new technology and innovation that aims to compete with traditional financial methods in the delivery of financial services.
Financialization is a term sometimes used to describe the development of financial capitalism during the period from 1980 until 2010, in which debt-to-equity ratios increased and financial services accounted for an increasing share of national income relative to other sectors.
A non-bank foreign exchange company also known as foreign exchange broker or simply forex broker is a company that offers currency exchange and international payments to private individuals and companies.
A government-sponsored enterprise (GSE) is a type of financial services corporation created by the United States Congress.
The Gramm–Leach–Bliley Act (GLBA), also known as the Financial Services Modernization Act of 1999, is an act of the 106th United States Congress (1999–2001).
Health insurance is insurance that covers the whole or a part of the risk of a person incurring medical expenses, spreading the risk over a large number of persons.
A hedge fund is an investment fund that pools capital from accredited individuals or institutional investors and invests in a variety of assets, often with complex portfolio-construction and risk-management techniques.
High-net-worth individual (HNWI) is a term used by some segments of the financial services industry to designate persons whose investible assets (such as stocks and bonds) exceed a given amount.
A holding company is a company that owns other companies' outstanding stock.
An insider threat is a malicious threat to an organization that comes from people within the organization, such as employees, former employees, contractors or business associates, who have inside information concerning the organization's security practices, data and computer systems.
Insurance is a means of protection from financial loss.
An insurance broker sells, solicits, or negotiates insurance for compensation.
An interbank network, also known as an ATM consortium or ATM network, is a computer network that enables ATM cards issued by a financial institution that is a member of the network to be used to perform ATM transactions through ATMs that belong to another member of the network.
International business refers to the trade of goods, services, technology, capital and/or knowledge at a global level.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization headquartered in Washington, D.C., consisting of "189 countries working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world." Formed in 1945 at the Bretton Woods Conference primarily by the ideas of Harry Dexter White and John Maynard Keynes, it came into formal existence in 1945 with 29 member countries and the goal of reconstructing the international payment system.
An investment bank is typically a private company that provides various finance-related and other services to individuals, corporations, and governments such as raising financial capital by underwriting or acting as the client's agent in the issuance of securities.
An investment fund is a way of investing money alongside other investors in order to benefit from the inherent advantages of working as part of a group.
Investment management is the professional asset management of various securities (shares, bonds and other securities) and other assets (e.g., real estate) in order to meet specified investment goals for the benefit of the investors.
Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.
A life annuity is an annuity, or series of payments at fixed intervals, paid while the purchaser (or annuitant) is alive.
Life insurance (or life assurance, especially in the Commonwealth of Nations) is a contract between an insurance policy holder and an insurer or assurer, where the insurer promises to pay a designated beneficiary a sum of money (the benefit) in exchange for a premium, upon the death of an insured person (often the policy holder).
The following list catalogues the largest, most profitable, and otherwise notable investment banks.
The following is a list of the world's largest publicly traded financial services companies, ordered by annual sales for the latest Fiscal Year that ended March 31, 2017 or prior (in billions of U.S. dollars. Currently all public companies with sales of $25 billion or more are included. Privately held companies are not included.
Lists of banks are contained in the following articles.
Lloyd's of London, generally known simply as Lloyd's, is an insurance market located in London, United Kingdom.
In finance, a loan is the lending of money by one or more individuals, organizations, and/or other entities to other individuals, organizations etc.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The London Stock Exchange (LSE) is a stock exchange located in the City of London, England.
Luxembourg (Lëtzebuerg; Luxembourg, Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a landlocked country in western Europe.
Mergers and acquisitions (M&A) are transactions in which the ownership of companies, other business organizations, or their operating units are transferred or consolidated with other entities.
A mortgage loan, or simply mortgage, is used either by purchasers of real property to raise funds to buy real estate, or alternatively by existing property owners to raise funds for any purpose, while putting a lien on the property being mortgaged.
A notary is a person licensed by the government to perform acts in legal affairs, in particular witnessing signatures on documents.
An offshore financial centre (OFC) is a jurisdiction specializing in providing corporate and commercial services, such as offshore banking licenses (international banking license) or the incorporation of offshore companies (international business companies).
An overdraft occurs when money is withdrawn from a bank account and the available balance goes below zero.
A payment system is any system used to settle financial transactions through the transfer of monetary value, and includes the institutions, instruments, people, rules, procedures, standards, and technologies that make such an exchange possible.
Prime brokerage is the generic name for a bundled package of services offered by investment banks and securities firms to hedge funds which need the ability to borrow securities and cash in order to be able to invest on a netted basis and achieve an absolute return.
Private banking is banking, investment and other financial services provided by banks to high-net-worth individuals (HNWIs) with high levels of income or sizable assets.
Private equity typically refers to investment funds organized as limited partnerships that are not publicly traded and whose investors are typically large institutional investors, university endowments, or wealthy individuals.
Property insurance provides protection against most risks to property, such as fire, theft and some weather damage.
Real-time gross settlement systems are specialist funds transfer systems where the transfer of money or securities takes place from one bank to another on a "real time" and on a "gross" basis.
A Registered Investment Adviser (RIA) is a firm that is an Investment adviser in the United States, registered as such with the Securities and Exchange Commission or a state's securities agency.
Reinsurance is insurance that is purchased by an insurance company.
A remittance is a transfer of money by a foreign worker to an individual in their home country.
Retail banking, also known as consumer banking, is the provision of services by a bank to the general public, rather than to companies, corporations or other banks, which are often described as wholesale banking.
A safe (also called a strongbox or coffer) is a secure lockable box used for securing valuable objects against theft and/or damage from fire.
A security is a tradable financial asset.
In economics, a service is a transaction in which no physical goods are transferred from the seller to the buyer.
The stock (also capital stock) of a corporation is constituted of the equity stock of its owners.
A stock exchange, securities exchange or bourse, is a facility where stock brokers and traders can buy and sell securities, such as shares of stock and bonds and other financial instruments.
Structured finance is a sector of finance, specifically Financial law that manages leverage and risk.
In business, a takeover is the purchase of one company (the target) by another (the acquirer, or bidder).
Tax avoidance is the legal usage of the tax regime in a single territory to one's own advantage to reduce the amount of tax that is payable by means that are within the law.
, officially, is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan and has been the capital since 1869.
Underwriting services are provided by some large specialist financial institutions, such as banks, insurance or investment houses, whereby they guarantee payment in case of damage or financial loss and accept the financial risk for liability arising from such guarantee.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
A universal bank participates in many kinds of banking activities and is both a commercial bank and an investment bank as well as providing other financial services such as insurance.
In finance, unsecured debt refers to any type of debt or general obligation that is not protected by a guarantor, or collateralized by a lien on specific assets of the borrower in the case of a bankruptcy or liquidation or failure to meet the terms for repayment.
Venture capital (VC) is a type of private equity, a form of financing that is provided by firms or funds to small, early-stage, emerging firms that are deemed to have high growth potential, or which have demonstrated high growth (in terms of number of employees, annual revenue, or both).
Wealth management is an investment-advisory discipline which incorporates financial planning, investment portfolio management and a number of aggregated financial services.
Wire transfer, bank transfer or credit transfer is a method of electronic funds transfer from one person or entity to another.
In the foreign exchange market and international finance, a world currency, supranational currency, or global currency refers to a currency that is transacted internationally, with no set borders.
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