259 relations: Acquittal, Adam Savage, Adermatoglyphia, Agastya, Algorithm, Alphonse Bertillon, Analytical Chemistry (journal), Angers, Angular resolution, Anthropometry, Antibody, Argentina, Arthur Conan Doyle, Asus, Authentication, Automation, Azizul Haque (police officer), BBC, Bee sting, Big Brother Awards, Biometrics, Brandon Mayfield, Bruce Schneier, Cannabis smoking, Capacitance, Capacitor, Capecitabine, Centre démocrate humaniste, Chaos Communication Congress, Charge-coupled device, Charles Darwin, Chemical & Engineering News, Cocaine, Coffee, Cold Souls, Commission nationale de l'informatique et des libertés, Convergent evolution, Cotinine, Criminal Justice Information Services, Cyanoacrylate, Data Protection Act 1998, David Davis (British politician), Dermatoglyphics, Dermatopathia pigmentosa reticularis, Dermis, Dielectric, Digital camera, Digital image, Digital signal processing, Digital single-lens reflex camera, ..., DNA, DNA profiling, Dominican Republic, Dr. Thorndyke, Driving under the influence, Early day motion, Eccrine sweat gland, Ectodermal dysplasia, Edward Henry, Egypt, Electric field, Electrical conductor, Electronics, Epidermis, Ethnic group, Ethyl cyanoacrylate, European Commission, European Union, Evaporation (deposition), Expert system, Eye vein verification, False evidence, Feature extraction, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Finger, Finger vein recognition, Fingerprint, Fingerprint Inquiry, Fingerprint powder, Fingerprint Verification Competition, Fisher (animal), Foot, Forensic dentistry, Forensic identification, Forensic science, Francis Galton, Francisca Rojas, Gel, Gelatin, Gender, Georg Meissner, Glove, Glove prints, Government database, Govert Bidloo, Graphics software, Gummy bear, Hammurabi, Hand, Hem Chandra Bose, Henry Classification System, Henry Faulds, Heredity, Hewlett-Packard, Holland Park School, Home Office, Hop Sing, HP EliteBook, HP Pavilion (computer), HTC One Max, Huawei, Identity document, Inchoate offense, Ink, Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System, International Association for Identification, International Fingerprint Research Group, Iodine, IPhone 5S, IPhone 6S, Iris recognition, Islam, Jack McConnell, Jami' al-tawarikh, Jamie Hyneman, Jan Evangelista Purkyně, Johann Christoph Andreas Mayer, John Dillinger, John F. Kennedy International Airport, JPEG 2000, Juan Vucetich, Jurisdiction, Kilmarnock, Koala, Kolkata, Lenovo, Liège, Life on the Mississippi, Light, Live scan, Long-focus lens, Lord William Russell, Manchester Evening News, Marcello Malpighi, Marie Arena, Mark Twain, Medical ultrasound, Member of parliament, Men in Black (1997 film), Metabolite, Metropolitan Police Service, Microelectromechanical systems, Minutiae, Mobile phone, Motion detector, Motorola Atrix 4G, Mule (smuggling), MythBusters, Nadi astrology, Naegeli–Franceschetti–Jadassohn syndrome, Nanoparticle, National Institute of Standards and Technology, National Police Corps, Nature (journal), Necochea, Nehemiah Grew, New York City Police Department, New York State Police Troop C scandal, Nicotine, Ninhydrin, Non-governmental organization, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Office of Biometric Identity Management, Old age, Oppo Digital, Oregon, Original equipment manufacturer, Ottawa, Parliament of the United Kingdom, Passport, Paul Giamatti, Perjury, Personally identifiable information, Perspiration, Photoengraving, Piezoelectricity, Piezoresistive effect, Pixel density, Plastic surgery, Police officer, Popular Science, Pound sterling, Primate, Printed circuit board, Privacy International, Protein, Pseudonym, Public toilet, Pudd'nhead Wilson, Qin dynasty, R. Austin Freeman, Radio frequency, Radius (bone), Rashid-al-Din Hamadani, Relative permittivity, Reliability (statistics), Roxbury, Boston, Samsung, Samsung Galaxy S5, Scotland Yard, Scottish Government, Scroll wheel, Sensor, Sensory nerve, Sexing, Sherlock Holmes, Shirley McKie, Sir William Herschel, 2nd Baronet, Skin, SMARCAD1, Social Security number, Social stigma, Sole (foot), Solid-state electronics, Swansea University, Synaptics, Tall tale, Technology, The Adventure of the Norwood Builder, The New York Times, The New Yorker, The Register, ThinkPad, Thresholding (image processing), Tobacco smoking, Toe, Tongue, Touch ID, Transparency (projection), Ulna, Ultrasonic transducer, Ultrasound, United States, United States Department of Justice, University of Wrocław, Vaio, Val-de-Grâce, Validity (statistics), Var (department), Verification and validation, Vibration, Wavelet scalar quantization, Wavelet transform, Welfare, Will Smith, ZDNet, Ziploc, 1,8-Diazafluoren-9-one, 2004 Madrid train bombings. Expand index (209 more) » « Shrink index
In common law jurisdictions, an acquittal certifies that the accused is free from the charge of an offense, as far as the criminal law is concerned.
Adam Whitney Savage (born July 15, 1967) is an American industrial designer and special effects designer/fabricator, actor, educator, and television personality, known as the former co-host (with Jamie Hyneman) of the Discovery Channel television series MythBusters and Unchained Reaction.
Adermatoglyphia is an extremely rare genetic disorder which causes a person to have no fingerprints.
Agastya was a revered Vedic sage of Hinduism.
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.
Alphonse Bertillon (24 April 1853 – 13 February 1914) was a French police officer and biometrics researcher who applied the anthropological technique of anthropometry to law enforcement creating an identification system based on physical measurements.
Analytical Chemistry is a biweekly peer-reviewed scientific journal published since 1929 by the American Chemical Society.
Angers is a city in western France, about southwest of Paris.
Angular resolution or spatial resolution describes the ability of any image-forming device such as an optical or radio telescope, a microscope, a camera, or an eye, to distinguish small details of an object, thereby making it a major determinant of image resolution.
Anthropometry (from Greek ἄνθρωπος anthropos, "human", and μέτρον metron, "measure") refers to the measurement of the human individual.
An antibody (Ab), also known as an immunoglobulin (Ig), is a large, Y-shaped protein produced mainly by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to neutralize pathogens such as pathogenic bacteria and viruses.
Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic (República Argentina), is a federal republic located mostly in the southern half of South America.
Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a British writer best known for his detective fiction featuring the character Sherlock Holmes.
AsusTek Computer Inc. (stylised as ASUSTeK or ΛSUS) is a Taiwanese multinational computer and phone hardware and electronics company headquartered in Beitou District, Taipei, Taiwan.
Authentication (from authentikos, "real, genuine", from αὐθέντης authentes, "author") is the act of confirming the truth of an attribute of a single piece of data claimed true by an entity.
Automation is the technology by which a process or procedure is performed without human assistance.
Khan Bahadur Qazi Azizul Haque (1872 – 1935) was a Bengali police officer of British India who worked with Edward Henry to develop the Henry Classification System of fingerprints.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
A bee sting is a sting from a bee (honey bee, bumblebee, sweat bee, etc.). The stings of most of these species can be quite painful, and are therefore keenly avoided by many people.
The Big Brother Awards (BBAs) recognize "the government and private sector organizations...
Biometrics is the technical term for body measurements and calculations.
Brandon Mayfield (born July 15, 1966) is an American citizen in Washington County, Oregon.
Bruce Schneier (born January 15, 1963, is an American cryptographer, computer security professional, privacy specialist and writer. He is the author of several books on general security topics, computer security and cryptography. Schneier is a fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard Law School, a program fellow at the New America Foundation's Open Technology Institute. He has been working for IBM since they acquired Resilient Systems where Schneier was CTO. He is also a contributing writer for The Guardian news organization.
Cannabis smoking is the inhalation of smoke or vapors released by heating the flowers, leaves, or extracts of cannabis and releasing the main psychoactive chemical, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is absorbed into the bloodstream via the lungs.
Capacitance is the ratio of the change in an electric charge in a system to the corresponding change in its electric potential.
A capacitor is a passive two-terminal electrical component that stores potential energy in an electric field.
Capecitabine, sold under the brand name Xeloda among others, is a chemotherapy medication used to treat breast cancer, gastric cancer and colorectal cancer.
The Humanist Democratic Centre (Centre démocrate humaniste, cdH) is a Christian democratic French-speaking political party in Belgium.
The Chaos Communication Congress is an annual conference organized by the Chaos Computer Club.
A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.
Charles Robert Darwin, (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English naturalist, geologist and biologist, best known for his contributions to the science of evolution.
Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN) is a weekly trade magazine published by the American Chemical Society, providing professional and technical information in the fields of chemistry and chemical engineering.
Cocaine, also known as coke, is a strong stimulant mostly used as a recreational drug.
Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant.
Cold Souls is a 2009 comedy-drama film written and directed by Sophie Barthes.
The Commission nationale de l'informatique et des libertés (CNIL,; National Commission on Informatics and Liberty) is an independent French administrative regulatory body whose mission is to ensure that data privacy law is applied to the collection, storage, and use of personal data.
Convergent evolution is the independent evolution of similar features in species of different lineages.
Cotinine is an alkaloid found in tobacco and is also the predominant metabolite of nicotine.
Criminal Justice Information Services is a department of the Scottish Police Services Authority.
Cyanoacrylates are a family of strong fast-acting adhesives with industrial, medical, and household uses.
The Data Protection Act 1998 was a United Kingdom Act of Parliament designed to protect personal data stored on computers or in an organised paper filing system.
David Michael Davis (born 23 December 1948) is a British politician of the Conservative Party serving as Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union since 2016 and Member of Parliament (MP) for Haltemprice and Howden since the general election of 1997.
Dermatoglyphics (from Ancient Greek derma, "skin", and glyph, "carving") is the scientific study of fingerprints, lines, mounts and shapes of hands.
Dermatopathia pigmentosa reticularis (DPR), also known as dermatopathia pigmentosa reticularis hyperkeratotica et mutilans, dermatopathia pigmentosa reticularis hypohidotica et atrophica and dermatopathic pigmentosa reticularis,Freedberg, et al.
The dermis or corium is a layer of skin between the epidermis (with which it makes up the cutis) and subcutaneous tissues, that primarily consists of dense irregular connective tissue and cushions the body from stress and strain.
A dielectric (or dielectric material) is an electrical insulator that can be polarized by an applied electric field.
A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.
A digital image is a numeric representation, normally binary, of a two-dimensional image.
Digital signal processing (DSP) is the use of digital processing, such as by computers or more specialized digital signal processors, to perform a wide variety of signal processing operations.
A digital single-lens reflex camera (also called digital SLR or DSLR) is a digital camera that combines the optics and the mechanisms of a single-lens reflex camera with a digital imaging sensor, as opposed to photographic film.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
DNA profiling (also called DNA fingerprinting, DNA testing, or DNA typing) is the process of determining an individual's DNA characteristics, which are as unique as fingerprints.
The Dominican Republic (República Dominicana) is a sovereign state located in the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles archipelago of the Caribbean region.
Dr John Evelyn Thorndyke is a fictional detective in a long series of 22 novels and 40 short stories by British author R. Austin Freeman (1862–1943).
Driving under the influence (DUI), driving while impaired/driving while intoxicated (DWI), operating while intoxicated (OWI), or drink-driving (UK) is currently the crime or offense of driving or operating a motor vehicle while impaired by alcohol or other drugs (including recreational drugs and those prescribed by physicians), to a level that renders the driver incapable of operating a motor vehicle safely.
An early day motion (EDM), in the Westminster system, is a motion, expressed as a single sentence, tabled by Members of Parliament that formally calls for debate "on an early day".
Eccrine glands (from ekkrinein "secrete"; sometimes called merocrine glands) are the major sweat glands of the human body, found in virtually all skin, with the highest density in palms and soles, then on the head, but much less on the trunk and the extremities.
Ectodermal dysplasia (ED) is not a single disorder but a group of syndromes all deriving from abnormalities of the ectodermal structures.
Sir Edward Richard Henry, 1st Baronet, (26 July 1850 – 19 February 1931) was the Commissioner of Police of the Metropolis (head of the Metropolitan Police of London) from 1903 to 1918.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
An electric field is a vector field surrounding an electric charge that exerts force on other charges, attracting or repelling them.
In physics and electrical engineering, a conductor is an object or type of material that allows the flow of an electrical current in one or more directions.
Electronics is the discipline dealing with the development and application of devices and systems involving the flow of electrons in a vacuum, in gaseous media, and in semiconductors.
The epidermis is the outer layer of the three layers that make up the skin, the inner layers being the dermis and hypodermis.
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
Ethyl cyanoacrylate (ECA), a cyanoacrylate ester, is an ethyl ester of 2-cyano-2-propenoic acid.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Evaporation is a common method of thin-film deposition.
In artificial intelligence, an expert system is a computer system that emulates the decision-making ability of a human expert.
Eye vein verification is a method of biometric authentication that applies pattern-recognition techniques to video images of the veins in a user's eyes.
False evidence, fabricated evidence, forged evidence or tainted evidence is information created or obtained illegally, to sway the verdict in a court case.
In machine learning, pattern recognition and in image processing, feature extraction starts from an initial set of measured data and builds derived values (features) intended to be informative and non-redundant, facilitating the subsequent learning and generalization steps, and in some cases leading to better human interpretations.
The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), formerly the Bureau of Investigation (BOI), is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States, and its principal federal law enforcement agency.
A finger is a limb of the human body and a type of digit, an organ of manipulation and sensation found in the hands of humans and other primates.
Finger vein recognition is a method of biometric authentication that uses pattern-recognition techniques based on images of human finger vein patterns beneath the skin's surface.
A fingerprint in its narrow sense is an impression left by the friction ridges of a human finger.
The Fingerprint Inquiry was a public inquiry set up by Scottish Government ministers under the Inquiries Act 2005 to look at the steps which were taken to identify and verify the fingerprints associated with the case of HM Advocate v McKie in 1999.
Fingerprint powders are fine powders used in dusting for fingerprints by crime scene investigators and others in law enforcement.
The Fingerprint Verification Competition (FVC) is an international competition focused on fingerprint verification software assessment.
The fisher (Pekania pennanti) is a small, carnivorous mammal native to North America.
The foot (plural feet) is an anatomical structure found in many vertebrates.
Forensic dentistry or forensic odontology is the application of dental knowledge to those criminal and civil laws that are enforced by police agencies in a criminal justice system.
Forensic identification is the application of forensic science, or "forensics", and technology to identify specific objects from the trace evidence they leave, often at a crime scene or the scene of an accident.
Forensic science is the application of science to criminal and civil laws, mainly—on the criminal side—during criminal investigation, as governed by the legal standards of admissible evidence and criminal procedure.
Sir Francis Galton, FRS (16 February 1822 – 17 January 1911) was an English Victorian era statistician, progressive, polymath, sociologist, psychologist, anthropologist, eugenicist, tropical explorer, geographer, inventor, meteorologist, proto-geneticist, and psychometrician.
Francisca Rojas is believed to be the first criminal found guilty through fingerprint evidence in the world.
A gel is a solid jelly-like material that can have properties ranging from soft and weak to hard and tough.
Gelatin or gelatine (from gelatus meaning "stiff", "frozen") is a translucent, colorless, brittle (when dry), flavorless food derived from collagen obtained from various animal body parts.
Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and femininity.
Georg Meissner (November 19, 1829 – March 30, 1905) was a German anatomist and physiologist born in Hanover.
A glove (Middle English from Old English glof) is a garment covering the whole hand.
Glove prints, also sometimes described as gloveprints or glove marks, are latent, fingerprint-like impressions that are transferred to a surface or object by an individual who is wearing gloves.
A government database collects information for various reasons, including climate monitoring, securities law compliance, geological surveys, patent applications and grants, surveillance, national security, border control, law enforcement, public health, voter registration, vehicle registration, social security, and statistics.
Govert Bidloo or Govard Bidloo (12 March 1649 – 30 March 1713) was a Dutch Golden Age physician, anatomist, poet and playwright.
In computer graphics, graphics software refers to a program or collection of programs that enable a person to manipulate images or models visually on a computer.
Gummy bears (German: Gummibär) are small, fruit gum candies, similar to a jelly baby in some English-speaking countries.
Hammurabi was the sixth king of the First Babylonian Dynasty, reigning from 1792 BC to 1750 BC (according to the Middle Chronology).
A hand is a prehensile, multi-fingered appendage located at the end of the forearm or forelimb of primates such as humans, chimpanzees, monkeys, and lemurs.
Rai Bahadur Hem Chandra Bose (হেমচন্দ্র বোস) with Azizul Haque, the two Indian employees of the Calcutta Anthropometric Bureau (before it became the Fingerprint Bureau), working under the supervision of Edward Henry have been credited with the primary development of the fingerprint classification system eventually named after their supervisor, and is known as the Henry Classification System of fingerprint.
The Henry Classification System is a long-standing method by which fingerprints are sorted by physiological characteristics for one-to-many searching.
Henry Faulds (1 June 1843 – 24 March 1930) was a Scottish physician, missionary and scientist who is noted for the development of fingerprinting.
Heredity is the passing on of traits from parents to their offspring, either through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction, the offspring cells or organisms acquire the genetic information of their parents.
The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
Holland Park School is a coeducational secondary school and sixth form in Holland Park, London, England.
The Home Office (HO) is a ministerial department of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom, responsible for immigration, security and law and order.
Hop Sing is the fictional Cartwright family's cook on the US television series Bonanza which ran on the NBC network from 1959 to 1973.
HP EliteBook is a brand of premium business-class notebooks and mobile workstations made by Hewlett-Packard.
HP Pavilion is a line of personal computers produced by Hewlett-Packard and introduced in 1995.
The HTC One Max is an Android phablet smartphone designed and manufactured by HTC. The device is a larger variant of HTC's 2013 flagship high-end smartphone, the HTC One, notably incorporating a 5.9-inch display and fingerprint recognition features. The release of the One Max was met with mixed critical reception; although the software updates introduced in Sense 5.5 were noted as positive improvements, the One Max was panned for using the same hardware as the One and for the operation of its fingerprint sensor.
Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. is a Chinese multinational networking, telecommunications equipment, and services company headquartered in Shenzhen, Guangdong.
An identity document (also called a piece of identification or ID, or colloquially as papers) is any document which may be used to prove a person's identity.
An inchoate offense, preliminary crime, inchoate crime or incomplete crime is a crime of preparing for or seeking to commit another crime.
Ink is a liquid or paste that contains pigments or dyes and is used to color a surface to produce an image, text, or design.
The Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS), is a computerized system maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) since 1999.
The International Association for Identification (IAI) is the largest forensic organization in the world.
The International Fingerprint Research Group (IFRG) is forensic identification researcher group that gather together to exchange scientific knowledge in forensic identification.
Iodine is a chemical element with symbol I and atomic number 53.
The iPhone 5S is a smartphone that was designed and marketed by Apple Inc. Part of the iPhone series, the device was unveiled on September 10, 2013, at Apple's Cupertino headquarters.
The iPhone 6S and iPhone 6S Plus (stylized and marketed as iPhone 6s and iPhone 6s Plus) are smartphones designed, developed and marketed by Apple Inc. They were announced on September 9, 2015, at the Bill Graham Civic Auditorium in San Francisco by Apple CEO Tim Cook, with pre-orders beginning September 12 and official release on September 25, 2015.
Iris recognition is an automated method of biometric identification that uses mathematical pattern-recognition techniques on video images of one or both of the irises of an individual's eyes, whose complex patterns are unique, stable, and can be seen from some distance.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Jack Wilson McConnell, Baron McConnell of Glenscorrodale, (born 30 June 1960) is a Scottish politician and a Labour life peer in the House of Lords.
The Jāmiʿ al-tawārīkh, (جامع التواريخ. Compendium of Chronicles, Судрын чуулган, جامعالتواریخ.) is a work of literature and history, produced in the Mongol Ilkhanate in Persia.
James Franklin Hyneman (born September 25, 1956) is an American special effects expert who is best known as the co-host of the television series MythBusters alongside Adam Savage.
Jan Evangelista Purkyně (also written Johann Evangelist Purkinje) (17 or 18 December 1787 – 28 July 1869) was a Czech anatomist and physiologist.
Johann Christophe Andreas Mayer was a German anatomist born on December 8, 1747 and who died in November 1801 at the age of 54.
John Herbert Dillinger (June 22, 1903 – July 22, 1934) was an American gangster in the Depression-era United States.
John F. Kennedy International Airport (often referred to as Kennedy Airport, New York-JFK or simply JFK) is the primary international airport serving New York City.
JPEG 2000 (JP2) is an image compression standard and coding system.
Juan Vucetich (July 20, 1858 – January 25, 1925) was a Croatian-born Argentine anthropologist and police official who pioneered the use of fingerprinting.
Jurisdiction (from the Latin ius, iuris meaning "law" and dicere meaning "to speak") is the practical authority granted to a legal body to administer justice within a defined field of responsibility, e.g., Michigan tax law.
Kilmarnock (Cille Mheàrnaig, "Meàrnag's church") is a large burgh in East Ayrshire, Scotland with a population of 46,350, making it the 15th most populated place in Scotland and the second largest town in Ayrshire.
The koala (Phascolarctos cinereus, or, inaccurately, koala bear) is an arboreal herbivorous marsupial native to Australia.
Kolkata (also known as Calcutta, the official name until 2001) is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal.
Lenovo Group Ltd. or Lenovo PC International, often shortened to Lenovo (formerly stylized as lenovo), is a Chinese multinational technology company with headquarters in Beijing, China and Morrisville, North Carolina.
Liège (Lidje; Luik,; Lüttich) is a major Walloon city and municipality and the capital of the Belgian province of Liège. The city is situated in the valley of the Meuse, in the east of Belgium, not far from borders with the Netherlands (Maastricht is about to the north) and with Germany (Aachen is about north-east). At Liège, the Meuse meets the River Ourthe. The city is part of the sillon industriel, the former industrial backbone of Wallonia. It still is the principal economic and cultural centre of the region. The Liège municipality (i.e. the city proper) includes the former communes of Angleur, Bressoux, Chênée, Glain, Grivegnée, Jupille-sur-Meuse, Rocourt, and Wandre. In November 2012, Liège had 198,280 inhabitants. The metropolitan area, including the outer commuter zone, covers an area of 1,879 km2 (725 sq mi) and had a total population of 749,110 on 1 January 2008. Population of all municipalities in Belgium on 1 January 2008. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. Definitions of metropolitan areas in Belgium. The metropolitan area of Liège is divided into three levels. First, the central agglomeration (agglomeratie) with 480,513 inhabitants (2008-01-01). Adding the closest surroundings (banlieue) gives a total of 641,591. And, including the outer commuter zone (forensenwoonzone) the population is 810,983. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. This includes a total of 52 municipalities, among others, Herstal and Seraing. Liège ranks as the third most populous urban area in Belgium, after Brussels and Antwerp, and the fourth municipality after Antwerp, Ghent and Charleroi.
Life on the Mississippi (1883) is a memoir by Mark Twain of his days as a steamboat pilot on the Mississippi River before the American Civil War, and also a travel book, recounting his trip along the Mississippi River from St. Louis to New Orleans many years after the War.
Light is electromagnetic radiation within a certain portion of the electromagnetic spectrum.
Live scan fingerprinting refers to both the technique and the technology used by law enforcement agencies and private facilities to capture fingerprints and palm prints electronically, without the need for the more traditional method of ink and paper.
In photography, a long-focus lens is a camera lens which has a focal length that is longer than the diagonal measure of the film or sensor that receives its image.
Lord William Russell (20 August 1767 – 5 May 1840) was a member of the British aristocratic Russell family and longtime Member of Parliament.
The Manchester Evening News (MEN) is a regional daily newspaper covering Greater Manchester in North West England.
Marcello Malpighi (10 March 1628 – 29 November 1694) was an Italian biologist and physician, who is referred to as the "Father of microscopical anatomy, histology, physiology and embryology".
Marie Arena (born 17 December 1966) is a Belgian politician and Member of the European Parliament (MEP) from Belgium.
Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910), better known by his pen name Mark Twain, was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer.
Medical ultrasound (also known as diagnostic sonography or ultrasonography) is a diagnostic imaging technique based on the application of ultrasound.
A member of parliament (MP) is the representative of the voters to a parliament.
Men in Black is a 1997 American science fiction action comedy film directed by Barry Sonnenfeld and produced by Walter F. Parkes and Laurie MacDonald.
A metabolite is the intermediate end product of metabolism.
The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS), commonly known as the Metropolitan Police and informally as the Met, is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement in Greater London, excluding the "square mile" of the City of London, which is the responsibility of the City of London Police.
Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS, also written as micro-electro-mechanical, MicroElectroMechanical or microelectronic and microelectromechanical systems and the related micromechatronics) is the technology of microscopic devices, particularly those with moving parts.
Minutiae (singular minutia; both also pronounced) are, in everyday English, minor or incidental details.
A mobile phone, known as a cell phone in North America, is a portable telephone that can make and receive calls over a radio frequency link while the user is moving within a telephone service area.
A motion detector is a device that detects moving objects, particularly people.
The Motorola Atrix 4G (also known as MB860, ME860 in Asia market, MB861 in Korean market) is an Android-based smartphone by Motorola, introduced in CES 2011 on January 5, 2011.
A mule or courier is someone who personally smuggles contraband across a border (as opposed to sending by mail, etc.) for a smuggling organization.
MythBusters is an Australian-American science entertainment television program created by Peter Rees and produced by Australia's Beyond Television Productions.
Nādi Astrology is a form of Dharma astrology practiced in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and adjacent regions in India.
Naegeli–Franceschetti–Jadassohn syndrome (NFJS), also known as chromatophore nevus of Naegeli and Naegeli syndrome, is a rare autosomal dominant form of ectodermal dysplasia, characterized by reticular skin pigmentation, diminished function of the sweat glands, the absence of teeth and hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles.
Nanoparticles are particles between 1 and 100 nanometres (nm) in size with a surrounding interfacial layer.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is one of the oldest physical science laboratories in the United States.
The National Police Corps (Cuerpo Nacional de Policía, CNP) is the national civilian police force of Spain.
Nature is a British multidisciplinary scientific journal, first published on 4 November 1869.
Necochea is a port and beach city in the southwest of Buenos Aires Province, Argentina.
Nehemiah Grew (26 September 164125 March 1712) was an English plant anatomist and physiologist, known as the "Father of Plant Anatomy".
The City of New York Police Department, commonly known as the NYPD, is the primary law enforcement and investigation agency within the five boroughs of New York City.
The New York State Police Troop C scandal involved the fabrication of evidence by members of the New York State Police, which was used to convict suspects in Central New York.
Nicotine is a potent parasympathomimetic stimulant and an alkaloid found in the nightshade family of plants.
Ninhydrin (2,2-dihydroxyindane-1,3-dione) is a chemical used to detect ammonia or primary and secondary amines.
Non-governmental organizations, nongovernmental organizations, or nongovernment organizations, commonly referred to as NGOs, are usually non-profit and sometimes international organizations independent of governments and international governmental organizations (though often funded by governments) that are active in humanitarian, educational, health care, public policy, social, human rights, environmental, and other areas to effect changes according to their objectives.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) is an American multiprogram science and technology national laboratory sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and administered, managed, and operated by UT-Battelle as a federally funded research and development center (FFRDC) under a contract with the DOE.
United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology (commonly referred to as US-VISIT) is a U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) management system.
Old age refers to ages nearing or surpassing the life expectancy of human beings, and is thus the end of the human life cycle.
OPPO Digital is an independently operated overseas division sharing the brand name OPPO with OPPO Electronics, both owned by Chinese company BBK Electronics.
Oregon is a state in the Pacific Northwest region on the West Coast of the United States.
An Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) is a company that produces parts and equipment that may be marketed by another manufacturer.
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.
The Parliament of the United Kingdom, commonly known as the UK Parliament or British Parliament, is the supreme legislative body of the United Kingdom, the Crown dependencies and overseas territories.
A passport is a travel document, usually issued by a country's government, that certifies the identity and nationality of its holder primarily for the purpose of international travel.
Paul Edward Valentine Giamatti (born June 6, 1967) is an American actor, comedian, and producer.
Perjury is the intentional act of swearing a false oath or falsifying an affirmation to tell the truth, whether spoken or in writing, concerning matters a generation material to an official proceeding.
Personal information, described in United States legal fields as either personally identifiable information (PII), or sensitive personal information (SPI), as used in information security and privacy laws, is information that can be used on its own or with other information to identify, contact, or locate a single person, or to identify an individual in context.
Perspiration, also known as sweating, is the production of fluids secreted by the sweat glands in the skin of mammals.
Photoengraving is a process that uses a light-sensitive photoresist applied to the surface to be engraved to create a mask that shields some areas during a subsequent operation which etches, dissolves, or otherwise removes some or all of the material from the unshielded areas.
Piezoelectricity is the electric charge that accumulates in certain solid materials (such as crystals, certain ceramics, and biological matter such as bone, DNA and various proteins) in response to applied mechanical stress.
The piezoresistive effect is a change in the electrical resistivity of a semiconductor or metal when mechanical strain is applied.
Pixels per inch (PPI) or pixels per centimeter (PPCM) are measurements of the pixel density (resolution) of an electronic image device, such as a computer monitor or television display, or image digitizing device such as a camera or image scanner.
Plastic surgery is a surgical specialty involving the restoration, reconstruction, or alteration of the human body.
A police officer, also known as an officer, policeman, policewoman, cop, police agent, or a police employee is a warranted law employee of a police force.
Popular Science (also known as PopSci) is an American quarterly magazine carrying popular science content, which refers to articles for the general reader on science and technology subjects.
The pound sterling (symbol: £; ISO code: GBP), commonly known as the pound and less commonly referred to as Sterling, is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, the Isle of Man, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, the British Antarctic Territory, and Tristan da Cunha.
A primate is a mammal of the order Primates (Latin: "prime, first rank").
A printed circuit board (PCB) mechanically supports and electrically connects electronic components or electrical components using conductive tracks, pads and other features etched from one or more sheet layers of copper laminated onto and/or between sheet layers of a non-conductive substrate.
Privacy International (PI) is a UK-based registered charity that defends and promotes the right to privacy across the world.
Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues.
A pseudonym or alias is a name that a person or group assumes for a particular purpose, which can differ from their first or true name (orthonym).
A public toilet is a room or small building with one or more toilets (or urinals) available for use by the general public, or by customers or employees of a business.
Pudd'nhead Wilson (1894) is a novel by American writer Mark Twain.
The Qin dynasty was the first dynasty of Imperial China, lasting from 221 to 206 BC.
Richard Austin Freeman (11 April 1862 – 28 September 1943) was a British writer of detective stories, mostly featuring the medico-legal forensic investigator Dr. Thorndyke.
Radio frequency (RF) refers to oscillatory change in voltage or current in a circuit, waveguide or transmission line in the range extending from around twenty thousand times per second to around three hundred billion times per second, roughly between the upper limit of audio and the lower limit of infrared.
The radius or radial bone is one of the two large bones of the forearm, the other being the ulna.
Rashīd al-Dīn Ṭabīb (رشیدالدین طبیب), also known as Rashīd al-Dīn Faḍlullāh Hamadānī (رشیدالدین فضلالله همدانی, 1247–1318), was a statesman, historian and physician in Ilkhanate-ruled Iran.
The relative permittivity of a material is its (absolute) permittivity expressed as a ratio relative to the permittivity of vacuum.
Reliability in statistics and psychometrics is the overall consistency of a measure.
Roxbury is a dissolved municipality and a currently officially recognized neighborhood of Boston, Massachusetts.
Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.
The Samsung Galaxy S5 is an Android smartphone produced by Samsung Electronics.
Scotland Yard (officially New Scotland Yard) is a metonym for the headquarters of the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS), the territorial police force responsible for policing most of London.
The Scottish Government (Riaghaltas na h-Alba; Scots Govrenment) is the executive of the devolved Scottish Parliament.
A scroll wheel (or mouse wheel) is a hard plastic or rubbery disc (the "wheel") on a computer mouse that is perpendicular to the mouse surface.
In the broadest definition, a sensor is a device, module, or subsystem whose purpose is to detect events or changes in its environment and send the information to other electronics, frequently a computer processor.
A sensory nerve, also called an afferent nerve, is a nerve that carries sensory information toward the central nervous system (CNS).
Through sexing, biologists and agricultural workers determine the sex of livestock and other animals they work with.
Sherlock Holmes is a fictional private detective created by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.
Shirley McKie (born August 1962) is a former Scottish police detective who was accused by fingerprint analysis staff of the Scottish Criminal Record Office (SCRO) of leaving her thumb print on the bathroom door frame of a murder crime-scene in Kilmarnock on 14 January 1997.
Sir William James Herschel, 2nd Baronet (9 January 1833 – 24 October 1917)"Michele Triplett's Fingerprint Dictionary: H" (glossary), Michele Triplett, 2006, Fprints.nwlean.net webpage:.
Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates.
SWI/SNF-related matrix-associated actin-dependent regulator of chromatin subfamily A containing DEAD/H box 1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the SMARCAD1 gene.
In the United States, a Social Security number (SSN) is a nine-digit number issued to U.S. citizens, permanent residents, and temporary (working) residents under section 205(c)(2) of the Social Security Act, codified as.
Social stigma is disapproval of (or discontent with) a person based on socially characteristic grounds that are perceived.
The sole is the underside of the foot.
Solid-state electronics means semiconductor electronics; electronic equipment using semiconductor devices such as semiconductor diodes, transistors, and integrated circuits (ICs).
Swansea University (Prifysgol Abertawe) is a public research university located in Swansea, Wales, United Kingdom.
Synaptics is a publicly owned San Jose, California-based developer of human interface (HMI) hardware and software, including touchpads for computer laptops; touch, display driver, and fingerprint biometrics technology for smartphones; and touch, video and far-field voice technology for smart home devices and automotives.
A tall tale is a story with unbelievable elements, related as if it were true and factual.
Technology ("science of craft", from Greek τέχνη, techne, "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and -λογία, -logia) is first robustly defined by Jacob Bigelow in 1829 as: "...principles, processes, and nomenclatures of the more conspicuous arts, particularly those which involve applications of science, and which may be considered useful, by promoting the benefit of society, together with the emolument of those who pursue them".
"The Adventure of the Norwood Builder", one of the 56 short Sherlock Holmes stories written by British author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, is the second tale from The Return of Sherlock Holmes.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.
The Register (nicknamed El Reg) is a British technology news and opinion website co-founded in 1994 by Mike Magee, John Lettice and Ross Alderson.
ThinkPad is a line of laptop computers and tablets developed by Lenovo.
Thresholding is the simplest method of image segmentation.
Tobacco smoking is the practice of smoking tobacco and inhaling tobacco smoke (consisting of particle and gaseous phases).
Toes are the digits of the foot of a tetrapod.
The tongue is a muscular organ in the mouth of most vertebrates that manipulates food for mastication, and is used in the act of swallowing.
Touch ID is a fingerprint recognition feature, designed and released by Apple Inc., that allows users to unlock Apple devices, make purchases in the various Apple digital media stores (the iTunes Store, the App Store, and the iBooks Store), and authenticate Apple Pay online or in apps.
A transparency, also known variously as a viewfoil, foil, or viewgraph, is a thin sheet of transparent flexible material, typically cellulose acetate, onto which figures can be drawn.
The ulna is a long bone found in the forearm that stretches from the elbow to the smallest finger, and when in anatomical position, is found on the medial side of the forearm.
Ultrasonic transducers or ultrasonic sensors are a type of acoustic sensor divided into three broad categories: transmitters, receivers and transceivers.
Ultrasound is sound waves with frequencies higher than the upper audible limit of human hearing.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Department of Justice (DOJ), also known as the Justice Department, is a federal executive department of the U.S. government, responsible for the enforcement of the law and administration of justice in the United States, equivalent to the justice or interior ministries of other countries. The department was formed in 1870 during the Ulysses S. Grant administration. The Department of Justice administers several federal law enforcement agencies including the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA). The department is responsible for investigating instances of financial fraud, representing the United States government in legal matters (such as in cases before the Supreme Court), and running the federal prison system. The department is also responsible for reviewing the conduct of local law enforcement as directed by the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The department is headed by the United States Attorney General, who is nominated by the President and confirmed by the Senate and is a member of the Cabinet. The current Attorney General is Jeff Sessions.
The University of Wrocław (UWr; Uniwersytet Wrocławski; Universität Breslau; Universitas Wratislaviensis) is a public research university located in Wrocław, Poland.
VAIO Corporation (standing for Visual Audio Intelligent Organizer), which is headquartered in Azumino, Nagano in Japan, is a manufacturer of personal computers.
The Val-de-Grâce (Hôpital d'instruction des armées du Val-de-Grâce or HIA Val-de-Grâce) is a military hospital located at 74 boulevard de Port-Royal in the 5th arrondissement of Paris, France.
Validity is the extent to which a concept, conclusion or measurement is well-founded and likely corresponds accurately to the real world based on probability.
The Var is a department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in Provence in southeastern France.
Verification and validation are independent procedures that are used together for checking that a product, service, or system meets requirements and specifications and that it fulfills its intended purpose.
Vibration is a mechanical phenomenon whereby oscillations occur about an equilibrium point.
The Wavelet Scalar Quantization algorithm (WSQ) is a compression algorithm used for gray-scale fingerprint images.
In mathematics, a wavelet series is a representation of a square-integrable (real- or complex-valued) function by a certain orthonormal series generated by a wavelet.
Welfare is a government support for the citizens and residents of society.
Willard Carroll Smith Jr. (born September 25, 1968) is an American actor, producer, rapper, comedian, and songwriter.
ZDNet is a business technology news website published by CBS Interactive, along with TechRepublic.
Ziploc is a brand of reusable, re-sealable zipper storage bags and containers originally developed and test marketed by The Dow Chemical Company in 1968 and now produced by S. C. Johnson & Son.
1,8-Diazafluoren-9-one, also known as DFO, is a chemical that is used to find fingerprints on porous surfaces.
The 2004 Madrid train bombings (also known in Spain as 11-M) were nearly simultaneous, coordinated bombings against the Cercanías commuter train system of Madrid, Spain, on the morning of 11 March 2004 – three days before Spain's general elections.
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