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Finnish War

Index Finnish War

The Finnish War (Finska kriget, Финляндская война, Suomen sota) was fought between the Kingdom of Sweden and the Russian Empire from February 1808 to September 1809. [1]

121 relations: Ahvenkoski, Aleksey Arakcheyev, Alexander I of Russia, Anglo-Russian War (1807–1812), Anglo-Swedish War (1810–1812), Antichrist, Archipelago fleet, Åland Islands, Baltic Sea, Battle of Copenhagen (1807), Battle of Grönvikssund, Battle of Jutas, Battle of Lemo, Battle of Oravais, Battle of Palva Sund, Battle of Ratan and Sävar, Battle of Revolax, Battle of Rimito Kramp, Battle of Ruona, Battle of Sandöström, Battle of Siikajoki, Carl Johan Adlercreutz, Carl Olof Cronstedt, Charles XIII of Sweden, Charles XIV John of Sweden, Continental System, Denmark–Norway, Diet of Porvoo, Finland, Flotilla, Franco-Swedish War, Friedrich Wilhelm von Buxhoeveden, Georg Carl von Döbeln, Georg Magnus Sprengtporten, Gotland, Gotthard Johann von Knorring, Grand Duchy of Finland, Gulf of Bothnia, Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt, Gustav III of Sweden, Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden, Gustavian era, Hamina, Hanko, Hanko Peninsula, Hämeenlinna, Helsinki, Helsinki village landing, HMS Africa (1781), HMS Centaur (1797), ..., HMS Goliath (1781), HMS Implacable (1805), HMS Mars (1794), HMS Victory, House of Bernadotte, Instrument of Government (1772), Instrument of Government (1809), James Saumarez, 1st Baron de Saumarez, Jan Pieter van Suchtelen, Johan Adam Cronstedt, Johan August Sandels, John Moore (British Army officer), Kaskinen, Kimito, Kingdom of Portugal, Kingdom of Spain under Joseph Bonaparte, Kristinestad, Kronstadt, Kumlinge, Kuopio, List of wars between Russia and Sweden, Loviisa, Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly, Mikhail Petrovich Dolgorukov, Mikkeli, Napoleon, Napoleonic Wars, Nikolay Ivanovich Demidov, Nikolay Kamensky, Nikolay Tuchkov, Norrbotten, Norway, Old Finland, Oulu, Paldiski, Peninsular War, Pori, Porkkalanniemi, Port of Gothenburg, Porvoo, Pyotr Bagration, Repatriation, Riksdag of the Estates, Royal Navy, Russian Empire, Saint Petersburg, Salmi (rural locality), Savonia (historical province), Scania, Siege of Sveaborg, Spain, Stockholm, Suomenlinna, Svartholm fortress, Sweden, Swedish Act of Succession, Swedish krona, Tampere, The Tales of Ensign Stål, Torne (river), Tornio, Treaties of Tilsit, Treaty of Fredrikshamn, Treaty of Paris (1810), Turku, Umeå, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Uusikaupunki, Vaasa, Västerbotten, Wilhelm Mauritz Klingspor. Expand index (71 more) »

Ahvenkoski

Ahvenkoski (Abborfors) is a historical site in the Kymenlaakso region, Finland, located by the westernmost branch of the river Kymijoki.

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Aleksey Arakcheyev

Count Alexey Andreyevich Arakcheyev or Arakcheev (граф Алексе́й Андре́евич Аракче́ев) (–) was a Russian general and statesman under the reign of Alexander I. He served under Paul I and Alexander I as army leader and artillery inspector respectively.

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Alexander I of Russia

Alexander I (Александр Павлович, Aleksandr Pavlovich; –) reigned as Emperor of Russia between 1801 and 1825.

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Anglo-Russian War (1807–1812)

During the Napoleonic Wars, the Anglo-Russian War (2 September 1807– 18 July 1812) was the phase of hostilities between the United Kingdom and Russia after the latter signed the Treaty of Tilsit that ended its war with France.

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Anglo-Swedish War (1810–1812)

During the Napoleonic Wars until 1810, Sweden and the United Kingdom were allies in the war against Napoleon.

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Antichrist

In Christianity, antichrist is a term found solely in the First Epistle of John and Second Epistle of John, and often lowercased in Bible translations, in accordance with its introductory appearance: "Children, it is the last hour! As you heard that antichrist is coming, so now many antichrists have come".

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Archipelago fleet

The archipelago fleet (skärgårdsflottan), officially the Fleet of the army (arméns flotta), was a branch of the armed forces of Sweden which existed between 1756 and 1823.

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Åland Islands

The Åland Islands or Åland (Åland,; Ahvenanmaa) is an archipelago province at the entrance to the Gulf of Bothnia in the Baltic Sea belonging to Finland.

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Baltic Sea

The Baltic Sea is a sea of the Atlantic Ocean, enclosed by Scandinavia, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Russia, Poland, Germany and the North and Central European Plain.

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Battle of Copenhagen (1807)

The Second Battle of Copenhagen (or the Bombardment of Copenhagen) (16 August – 5 September 1807) was a British bombardment of the Danish capital, Copenhagen in order to capture or destroy the Dano-Norwegian fleet, during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Battle of Grönvikssund

The Battle of Grönvikssund was fought between Sweden and Russia during the Finnish War 1808-09.

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Battle of Jutas

The Battle of Jutas (Juuttaan taistelu, Slaget vid Jutas) was fought on September 13, 1808 between Swedish and Russian troops south of Nykarleby in Ostrobothnia, Finland.

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Battle of Lemo

The Battle of Lemo was fought during the Finnish War, between Sweden and Russia on 19–20 June 1808 (Julian calendar 7–8 June).

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Battle of Oravais

The Battle of Oravais (Finnish: Oravaisten taistelu, Swedish: Slaget vid Oravais) was one of the decisive battles in the Finnish War, fought from 1808 to 1809 between Sweden and the Russian Empire as part of the wider Napoleonic Wars.

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Battle of Palva Sund

The Battle of Palva Sund was fought between Sweden and Russia during the Finnish War 1808–09.

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Battle of Ratan and Sävar

The Battle of Sävar and Ratan is two battles fought a day apart.

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Battle of Revolax

The Battle of Revolax The Battle of Revolax (Revonlahden taistelu) took place on 27 April 1808 at Revonlahti,, Date.

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Battle of Rimito Kramp

The Battle of Rimito Kramp was fought between Sweden and Russia during the Finnish War 1808–09.

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Battle of Ruona

The Battle of Ruona and Salmi was fought between Swedish and Russian troops on 1–2 September 1808 at Ruona and Salmi, Kuortane.

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Battle of Sandöström

The Battle of Sandöström was fought between Sweden and Russia during the Finnish War 1808-09.

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Battle of Siikajoki

The Battle of Siikajoki (Siikajoen taistelu) was fought between Swedish and Russian troops on 18 April 1808 at Siikajoki, near Oulu, Finland.

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Carl Johan Adlercreutz

Carl Johan Adlercreutz (27 April 1757 – 21 August 1815) was a Swedish (Finnish) general and statesman, born in Borgå, Finland on family estates.

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Carl Olof Cronstedt

Carl-Olof Cronstedt the elder (3 October 1756 – 7 April 1820) was a Swedish naval commander responsible for the overwhelming Swedish victory at the Second Battle of Svensksund, one of the largest naval battles in history.

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Charles XIII of Sweden

Charles XIII & II also Carl, Karl XIII (7 October 1748 – 5 February 1818), was King of Sweden (as Charles XIII) from 1809 and King of Norway (as Charles II) from 1814 until his death.

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Charles XIV John of Sweden

Charles XIV and III John or Carl John, (Swedish and Norwegian: Karl Johan; 26 January 1763 – 8 March 1844) was King of Sweden (as Charles XIV John) and King of Norway (as Charles III John) from 1818 until his death, and served as de facto regent and head of state from 1810 to 1818.

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Continental System

The Continental System or Continental Blockade (known in French as Blocus continental) was the foreign policy of Napoleon I of France against the United Kingdom during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Denmark–Norway

Denmark–Norway (Danish and Norwegian: Danmark–Norge or Danmark–Noreg; also known as the Oldenburg Monarchy or the Oldenburg realms) was an early modern multi-national and multi-lingual real unionFeldbæk 1998:11 consisting of the Kingdom of Denmark, the Kingdom of Norway (including Norwegian overseas possessions the Faroe Islands, Iceland, Greenland, et cetera), the Duchy of Schleswig, and the Duchy of Holstein.

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Diet of Porvoo

The Diet of Porvoo (Finnish Porvoon maapäivät, or unhistorically Porvoon valtiopäivät; Swedish Borgå landtdag), was the summoned legislative assembly to establish the Grand Principality of Finland in 1809 and the heir of the powers of the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates.

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Finland

Finland (Suomi; Finland), officially the Republic of Finland is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.

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Flotilla

A flotilla (from Spanish, meaning a small flota (fleet) of ships, and this from French flotte, and this from Russian "флот" (flot), meaning "fleet"), or naval flotilla, is a formation of small warships that may be part of a larger fleet.

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Franco-Swedish War

The Franco-Swedish War or Pomeranian War was the first involvement by Sweden in the Napoleonic Wars.

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Friedrich Wilhelm von Buxhoeveden

Friedrich Wilhelm Count von Buxhoevden (Фёдор Фёдорович Буксгевден, Fyodor Fyodorovich Buksgevden; other spellings: Feodor Buxhoeveden, Buxhœwden, Buxhöwden) (September 14, 1750 Võlla, Governorate of Livonia – August 23, 1811 near Kullamaa) was a Russian infantry general and government official.

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Georg Carl von Döbeln

Georg Carl von Döbeln (29 April 1758 – 16 February 1820) was a Swedish friherre (baron), Lieutenant General and war hero.

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Georg Magnus Sprengtporten

Count Georg Magnus Sprengtporten (Георг Магнус Спренгтпортен), or Göran Magnus Sprengtporten, as he preferred to call himself (16 December 1740 – 13 October 1819), was a Swedish, Finnish and Russian politician, younger brother of Jacob Magnus Sprengtporten.

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Gotland

Gotland (older spellings include Gottland or Gothland), Gutland in the local dialect, is a province, county, municipality, and diocese of Sweden.

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Gotthard Johann von Knorring

Gotthard Johann von Knorring (1744 or 1746 Богдан Фёдорович Кнорринг (Bogdan Fyodorovich Knorring) was a Russian general of the infantry of Baltic German descent.

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Grand Duchy of Finland

The Grand Duchy of Finland (Suomen suuriruhtinaskunta, Storfurstendömet Finland, Великое княжество Финляндское,; literally Grand Principality of Finland) was the predecessor state of modern Finland.

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Gulf of Bothnia

The Gulf of Bothnia (Pohjanlahti; Bottenhavet) is the northernmost arm of the Baltic Sea.

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Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt

Count Gustaf Mauritz Armfelt (Гу́став Мо́риц А́рмфельт; 31 March 1757 – 19 August 1814) was a Finnish, Swedish and Russian courtier and diplomat.

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Gustav III of Sweden

Gustav III (– 29 March 1792) was King of Sweden from 1771 until his assassination in 1792.

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Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden

Gustav IV Adolf or Gustav IV Adolph (1 November 1778 – 7 February 1837) was King of Sweden from 1792 until his abdication in 1809.

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Gustavian era

This is a History of Sweden from 1772 through 1809, more known as the Gustavian era of Kings Gustav III and Gustav IV, as well as the reign of King Charles XIII of Sweden.

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Hamina

Hamina (Fredrikshamn) is a town and a municipality of Finland.

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Hanko

Hanko (Hangö) is a bilingual port town and municipality on the south coast of Finland, west of Helsinki.

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Hanko Peninsula

The Hanko Peninsula (Finnish: Hankoniemi, Swedish: Hangö udd), also spelled Hango, is the southernmost point of mainland Finland.

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Hämeenlinna

Hämeenlinna (Tavastehus) is a city and municipality of about inhabitants in the heart of the historical province of Häme in the south of Finland.

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Helsinki

Helsinki (or;; Helsingfors) is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland.

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Helsinki village landing

The Helsinki village landing was fought during the Finnish War, between Sweden and Russia 26–28 September 1808 (J:14-16) a part of the battles’ of Turku archipelago.

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HMS Africa (1781)

HMS Africa was a 64-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched by Barnard at Deptford on 11 April 1781.

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HMS Centaur (1797)

HMS Centaur was a 74-gun third rate of the Royal Navy, launched on 14 March 1797 at Woolwich.

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HMS Goliath (1781)

HMS Goliath was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line in the Royal Navy.

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HMS Implacable (1805)

HMS Implacable was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy.

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HMS Mars (1794)

HMS Mars was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 25 October 1794 at Deptford Dockyard.

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HMS Victory

HMS Victory is a 104-gun first-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, ordered in 1758, laid down in 1759 and launched in 1765.

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House of Bernadotte

The House of Bernadotte is the royal house of Sweden, which has reigned since 1818.

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Instrument of Government (1772)

Sweden's Constitution of 1772 (regeringsform, "Instrument of Government") took effect through a bloodless coup d'état, the Revolution of 1772, carried out by King Gustav III, who had become king in 1771, establishing a brief absolute monarchy in Sweden.

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Instrument of Government (1809)

The Instrument of Government (1809 års regeringsform) adopted on 6 June 1809 by the Riksdag of the Estates and King Charles XIII was one of the fundamental laws that made up the constitution of Sweden from 1809 to the end of 1974.

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James Saumarez, 1st Baron de Saumarez

Admiral James Saumarez, 1st Baron de Saumarez (or Sausmarez), GCB (11 March 1757 – 9 October 1836) was an admiral of the British Royal Navy, notable for his victory at the Battle of Algeciras.

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Jan Pieter van Suchtelen

Jan Pieter van Suchtelen, Count of Liikkala, Pyotr Kornilovich Suhtelen (2 August 1751, Grave – 6 January 1836, Stockholm), was born in the Netherlands, and was a general in the Russian army during the Russo-Swedish War (1808–1809).

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Johan Adam Cronstedt

Count Johan Adam Cronstedt (12 December 1749 in Stockholm – 21 February 1836 in Stockholm) was a Swedish Lieutenant General and governor of Östergötland County.

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Johan August Sandels

Count Johan August Sandels (31 August 1764 – 22 January 1831) was a Swedish soldier and politician, being appointed Governor-general of Norway (Riksståthållare in Swedish, Rigsstatholder in Dano-Norwegian) 1818 and Field Marshal in 1824.

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John Moore (British Army officer)

Lieutenant-General Sir John Moore,, (13 November 1761 – 16 January 1809) was a British soldier and General, also known as Moore of Corunna.

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Kaskinen

Kaskinen (Kaskö) is a town and municipality of Finland.

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Kimito

Kimito (Kemiö) is a former municipality of Finland.

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Kingdom of Portugal

The Kingdom of Portugal (Regnum Portugalliae, Reino de Portugal) was a monarchy on the Iberian Peninsula and the predecessor of modern Portugal.

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Kingdom of Spain under Joseph Bonaparte

Napoleonic Spain was the part of Spain loyal to Joseph I during the Peninsular War (1808–1813) after the country was partially occupied by French forces.

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Kristinestad

Kristinestad (Kristiinankaupunki) is a town and a municipality in Finland.

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Kronstadt

Kronstadt (Кроншта́дт), also spelled Kronshtadt, Cronstadt or Kronštádt (Krone for "crown" and Stadt for "city"; Kroonlinn), is a municipal town in Kronshtadtsky District of the federal city of Saint Petersburg, Russia, located on Kotlin Island, west of Saint Petersburg proper near the head of the Gulf of Finland.

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Kumlinge

Kumlinge is a municipality consisting of a group of islands in Åland, an autonomous territory of Finland.

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Kuopio

Kuopio is a city and municipality located in Northern Savonia, Finland.

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List of wars between Russia and Sweden

Wars between Russia and Sweden have been recorded since as early as the 12th century.

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Loviisa

Loviisa (Lovisa) is a municipality and town of inhabitants on the southern coast of Finland.

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Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly

Prince Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly (–) was a Russian Field Marshal and Minister of War during Napoleon's invasion in 1812 and War of the Sixth Coalition.

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Mikhail Petrovich Dolgorukov

Prince Mikhail Petrovich Dolgorukov (1780—1808) was a Russian prince and general who died at the Battle of Virta Bridge against the Swedes on 27 October 1808.

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Mikkeli

Mikkeli (S:t Michel official writing, short for Sankt Michel) is a town and municipality in Finland.

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Napoleon

Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.

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Napoleonic Wars

The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major conflicts pitting the French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of European powers formed into various coalitions, financed and usually led by the United Kingdom.

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Nikolay Ivanovich Demidov

Nikolay Ivanovich Demidov (19 August 1773 – 4 June 1833) was a Russian General of Infantry, Adjutant-General and senator.

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Nikolay Kamensky

Count Nikolay Mikhailovich Kamensky (Никола́й Миха́йлович Каме́нский; 27 December 1776 – 4 May 1811) was a Russian general who outlived his father, Field Marshal Mikhail Kamensky, by two years.

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Nikolay Tuchkov

Nikolay Alexeivich Tuchkov (16 April 1765 - 30 October 1812, Yaroslavl) was a Russian general of the Russo-Swedish War (1788–1790), the suppression of the Kościuszko Uprising and the opposition to the French invasion of Russia.

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Norrbotten

Norrbotten, known in English as North Bothnia, is a Swedish province (landskap) in northernmost Sweden.

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Norway

Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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Old Finland

Old Finland (Vanha Suomi; r; Gamla Finland) is a name used for the areas that Russia gained from Sweden in the Great Northern War and in the Russo-Swedish War (1741–1743).

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Oulu

Oulu (Uleåborg) is a city and municipality of inhabitants in the region of Northern Ostrobothnia, Finland.

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Paldiski

Paldiski is a town and Baltic Sea port situated on the Pakri peninsula of north-western Estonia.

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Peninsular War

The Peninsular War (1807–1814) was a military conflict between Napoleon's empire (as well as the allied powers of the Spanish Empire), the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the Kingdom of Portugal, for control of the Iberian Peninsula during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Pori

Pori (Björneborg; Arctopolis) is a city and municipality on the west coast of Finland.

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Porkkalanniemi

Porkkalanniemi (Porkala udd) is a peninsula in the Gulf of Finland, located at Kirkkonummi (Kyrkslätt) in Southern Finland.

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Port of Gothenburg

The municipally-owned Port of Gothenburg (Göteborgs hamn) is the largest port in the Nordic countries, with over 11,000 ship visits per year from over 140 destinations worldwide.

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Porvoo

Porvoo (Borgå) is a city and a municipality situated on the southern coast of Finland approximately east of Helsinki.

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Pyotr Bagration

Pyotr Bagration (10 July 1765 – 24 September 1812) was a Russian general and prince of Georgian origin, prominent during the Napoleonic Wars.

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Repatriation

Repatriation is the process of returning an asset, an item of symbolic value or a person - voluntarily or forcibly - to its owner or their place of origin or citizenship.

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Riksdag of the Estates

Riksdag of the Estates (formally Riksens ständer; informally Ståndsriksdagen) was the name used for the Estates of Sweden when they were assembled.

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Royal Navy

The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.

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Russian Empire

The Russian Empire (Российская Империя) or Russia was an empire that existed across Eurasia and North America from 1721, following the end of the Great Northern War, until the Republic was proclaimed by the Provisional Government that took power after the February Revolution of 1917.

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Saint Petersburg

Saint Petersburg (p) is Russia's second-largest city after Moscow, with 5 million inhabitants in 2012, part of the Saint Petersburg agglomeration with a population of 6.2 million (2015).

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Salmi (rural locality)

Salmi (Салми; Finnish and Salmi, lit. inlet) is a rural locality (a settlement) in Pitkyarantsky District of the Republic of Karelia, Russia.

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Savonia (historical province)

Savonia (Savo, Savolax) is a historical province in the east of Finland.

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Scania

Scania, also known as Skåne, is the southernmost province (landskap) of Sweden.

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Siege of Sveaborg

The Siege of Sveaborg was a short siege by Russia that took place at Sveaborg (Suomenlinna) in early 1808, during the Finnish War.

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Spain

Spain (España), officially the Kingdom of Spain (Reino de España), is a sovereign state mostly located on the Iberian Peninsula in Europe.

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Stockholm

Stockholm is the capital of Sweden and the most populous city in the Nordic countries; 952,058 people live in the municipality, approximately 1.5 million in the urban area, and 2.3 million in the metropolitan area.

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Suomenlinna

Suomenlinna (Finnish), or Sveaborg (Swedish), literal translation Finland Castle, until 1918 Viapori (Finnish), is an inhabited sea fortress built on six islands (Kustaanmiekka (sv:Vargskär / Gustavssvärd), Susisaari (sv:Vargö), Iso-Mustasaari (sv:Stora Östersvartö), Pikku-Mustasaari (sv:Lilla Östersvartö), Länsi-Mustasaari (sv:Västersvartö), and Långören) and which now forms part of the city of Helsinki, the capital of Finland.

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Svartholm fortress

The Svartholm fortress (Svartholman merilinnoitus; Svartholms fästning) was built between 1749 and 1764 outside Loviisa in Southern Finland by Augustin Ehrensvärd.

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Sweden

Sweden (Sverige), officially the Kingdom of Sweden (Swedish), is a Scandinavian country in Northern Europe.

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Swedish Act of Succession

The 1810 Act of Succession (1810 års successionsordning; in English literally The 1810 order of succession) is one of four Fundamental Laws of the Realm (rikets grundlagar) and thus forms part of the Swedish Constitution.

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Swedish krona

The krona (plural: kronor; sign: kr; code: SEK) has been the currency of Sweden since 1873.

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Tampere

Tampere (Swedish: Tammerfors) is a city in Pirkanmaa, southern Finland.

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The Tales of Ensign Stål

The Tales of Ensign Stål (Swedish original title: Fänrik Ståls sägner, Vänrikki Stoolin tarinat, or year 2007 translation Vänrikki Stålin tarinat) is an epic poem written in Swedish by the Finland-Swedish author Johan Ludvig Runeberg, the national poet of Finland.

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Torne (river)

The Torne, also known as the Tornio (Tornionjoki, Torne älv, Torneälven, Duortneseatnu, Tornionväylä), is a river in northern Sweden and Finland.

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Tornio

Tornio (official name: Tornion kaupunki; in Duortnus; in Torneå) is a city and municipality in Lapland, Finland.

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Treaties of Tilsit

The Treaties of Tilsit were two agreements signed by Napoleon I of France in the town of Tilsit in July 1807 in the aftermath of his victory at Friedland.

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Treaty of Fredrikshamn

The Treaty of Fredrikshamn or the Treaty of Hamina (Haminan rauha, Freden i Fredrikshamn) was a peace treaty concluded between Sweden and Russia on 17 September 1809.

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Treaty of Paris (1810)

The Treaty of Paris, signed on 6 January 1810, ended the war between France and Sweden after Sweden's defeat by Russia, an ally of France, in the Finnish War of 1808-1809.

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Turku

Turku (Åbo) is a city on the southwest coast of Finland at the mouth of the Aura River, in the region of Southwest Finland.

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Umeå

Umeå (South Westrobothnian; Uumaja, Ume Sami: Ubmeje, Upmeje, Ubmi) is a city in north east Sweden.

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United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.

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Uusikaupunki

Uusikaupunki (Nystad), is a town and municipality of Finland.

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Vaasa

Vaasa (Vasa) is a city on the west coast of Finland.

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Västerbotten

Västerbotten, known in English as West Bothnia or Westrobothnia, is a province (landskap) in the north of Sweden, bordering Ångermanland, Lapland, North Bothnia, and the Gulf of Bothnia.

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Wilhelm Mauritz Klingspor

Wilhelm Mauritz Klingspor (1744 in Fluxerum – May 1814 in Stockholm) was a Swedish noble military officer and one of the Lords of the Realm.

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Redirects here:

Finnish war, Naval battle of Porkala, Russo-Swedish War (1808-1809), Russo-Swedish War (1808–1809), Russo-Swedish War of 1808-1809, Suomen sota, The Finnish War, The Russo-Swedish 1809 Campaign, War of Finland.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Finnish_War

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