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First-move advantage in chess

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The first-move advantage in chess is the inherent advantage of the player (White) who makes the first move in chess. [1]

204 relations: Ace (tennis), Akiba Rubinstein, Alekhine's Defence, Alex Yermolinsky, Alexander Alekhine, Alexander Beliavsky, Alexander Khalifman, Alexey Dreev, AlphaZero, Anatoly Karpov, András Adorján, Andrew Soltis, Arnold Denker, Aron Nimzowitsch, Arthur Bisguier, Asymmetry, Atanas Kolev, Ľubomír Ftáčnik, Baden-Baden, Benko Gambit, Bent Larsen, Bill Goichberg, Biophysics, Bobby Fischer, Bogdan Lalić, Boris Gelfand, Boris Spassky, Boxing, Candidates Tournament, Capablanca Chess, Carol Jarecki, Castling, Checkmate, Chess, Chess endgame, Chess engine, Chess Engines Grand Tournament, Chess Informant, Chess Life, Chess magazine, Chess middlegame, Chess Olympiad, Chess opening, Chess strategy, Chess theory, Chess title, Chess tournament, Chess960, ChessBase, ChessCafe.com, ..., Chessgames.com, Claude Shannon, Colle System, Complete information, Computer, Correlation and dependence, Correspondence chess, Database, David Vincent Hooper, Double check, Draughts, Draw (chess), Dutch Defence, Edmar Mednis, Efim Bogoljubov, Elo rating system, Emanuel Lasker, English Opening, Evgeny Sveshnikov, Fast chess, FIDE, FIDE titles, Folie à deux, Fork (chess), Four Knights Game, Francisco Vallejo Pons, French Defence, Game complexity, Game theory, Garry Kasparov, George Walker (chess player), Graham Burgess, Grandmaster (chess), Grünfeld Defence, Great Depression, Hans Berliner, Hans-Joachim Bremermann, Hedgehog (chess), Howard Staunton, Igor Zaitsev, Information theory, Isaac Kashdan, Israel Albert Horowitz, Jaan Ehlvest, James Mason (chess player), Jan Hein Donner, Jan Timman, Jeff Sonas, John Emms (chess player), John L. Watson, John Nunn, Jon Speelman, Jonathan Rowson, Jonathan Schaeffer, José Raúl Capablanca, Joseph Bertin, Joseph Gallagher, Julian Hodgson, Keith Arkell, Ken Whyld, King (chess), Kiril Georgiev, Knight (chess), Lajos Portisch, Landauer's principle, Larry Kaufman, Larry Parr (chess player), Lev Polugaevsky, List of chess variants, London 1883 chess tournament, Lubomir Kavalek, Lucerne, Mathematics, Mihai Suba, Mikhail Botvinnik, Mikhail Gurevich (chess player), Mikhail Tal, Modern Benoni, My Great Predecessors, New In Chess, New York City, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nigel Short, Owen's Defence, Pal Benko, Paradigm, Paradox, Paul Keres, Pawn (chess), Pawn structure, Perpetual check, Petrov's Defence, Poisoned Pawn Variation, Psychology, Quantum computing, Queen (chess), Queen's Gambit Declined, Queen's Pawn Game, Rafael Vaganian, Raymond Keene, Reuben Fine, Richard Réti, Rook (chess), Round-robin tournament, Rules of chess, Ruy Lopez, Salo Flohr, Semi-Slav Defense, Sergey Dolmatov, Serve (tennis), Serve and volley, Sicilian Defence, Sicilian Defence, Najdorf Variation, Siegbert Tarrasch, Slav Defense, Solved game, Soviet Union, Speed of light, Stalemate, Statistician, Statistics, Stockfish (chess), Svetozar Gligorić, Swiss-system tournament, Symmetry, Tempo (chess), Tennis, Threefold repetition, Time control, Tournament, Tournament director, Treatise, U.S. Open Chess Championship, Ulf Andersson, Uncertainty principle, University of California, Berkeley, USSR Chess Championship, Valery Salov, Vassily Ivanchuk, Vienna Game, Viktor Korchnoi, Viswanathan Anand, Vladimir Malaniuk, Vsevolod Rauzer, Weaver W. Adams, White and Black in chess, Wilhelm Steinitz, William John Donaldson, World Blitz Chess Championship, World Chess Championship, Yasser Seirawan, Zaven Andriasian, Zoltán Ribli, Zugzwang. Expand index (154 more) »

Ace (tennis)

In tennis, an ace is a legal serve that is not touched by the receiver, winning the point.

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Akiba Rubinstein

Akiba Kiwelowicz Rubinstein (1 December 1880 – 14 March 1961) was a Polish chess grandmaster who is considered to have been one of the strongest players never to have become World Chess Champion.

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Alekhine's Defence

Alekhine's Defence is a chess opening which begins with the moves: Black tempts White's pawns forward to form a broad pawn centre, with plans to undermine and attack the white structure later in the spirit of hypermodern defence.

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Alex Yermolinsky

Alex Yermolinsky (Алексей Ермолинский, Aleksey Yermolinskiy; born April 11, 1958 in Leningrad) is an American chess grandmaster.

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Alexander Alekhine

Alexander Alekhine (Алекса́ндр Алекса́ндрович Але́хин, Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Alekhin;; March 24, 1946) was a Russian and French chess player and the fourth World Chess Champion.

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Alexander Beliavsky

Alexander Genrikhovich Beliavsky (also Romanized Belyavsky; born December 17, 1953) is a Soviet, Ukrainian and Slovenian chess grandmaster.

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Alexander Khalifman

Alexander Valeryevich Khalifman (Алекса́ндр Вале́рьевич Халифма́н; born 18 January 1966) is a Russian chess grandmaster.

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Alexey Dreev

Alexey Dreev (Алексей Дреев; born 30 January 1969) is a Russian chess grandmaster.

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AlphaZero

AlphaZero is a computer program developed by the Alphabet-owned AI research company DeepMind, which uses an approach similar to AlphaGo Zero's to master not just Go, but also chess and shogi.

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Anatoly Karpov

Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov (Анато́лий Евге́ньевич Ка́рпов; born May 23, 1951) is a Russian chess grandmaster and former World Champion.

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András Adorján

András Adorján (born András Jocha, 31 March 1950, Budapest) is a Hungarian chess Grandmaster (1973) and author.

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Andrew Soltis

Andrew Eden Soltis (born May 28, 1947 in Hazleton, Pennsylvania) is an American chess grandmaster, author and columnist.

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Arnold Denker

Arnold Sheldon Denker (February 20, 1914 – January 2, 2005) was an American chess player, Grandmaster, and chess author.

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Aron Nimzowitsch

Aron Nimzowitsch (Ārons Nimcovičs, Аро́н Иса́евич Нимцо́вич, Aron Isayevich Nimtsovich; born Aron Niemzowitsch; 7 November 1886 – 16 March 1935) was a Russian-born, Danish leading chess grandmaster and influential chess writer.

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Arthur Bisguier

Arthur Bernard Bisguier (October 8, 1929April 5, 2017) was an American chess grandmaster, chess promoter, and writer.

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Asymmetry

Asymmetry is the absence of, or a violation of, symmetry (the property of an object being invariant to a transformation, such as reflection).

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Atanas Kolev

Atanas Kolev (Атанас Колев; born July 15, 1967) is a Bulgarian Grandmaster of chess.

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Ľubomír Ftáčnik

Ľubomír Ftáčnik (born October 30, 1957 in Bratislava) is a Slovak chess player and a former European Junior Champion.

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Baden-Baden

Baden-Baden is a spa town located in the state of Baden-Württemberg in southwestern Germany.

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Benko Gambit

The Benko Gambit (or Volga Gambit) is a chess opening characterised by the move 3...b5 in the Benoni Defence arising after: The Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings has three codes for the Benko Gambit.

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Bent Larsen

Jørgen Bent Larsen (4 March 19359 September 2010) was a Danish chess grandmaster and author.

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Bill Goichberg

William "Bill" Goichberg (born November 11, 1942) is a chess master and former president of the United States Chess Federation (USCF).

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Biophysics

Biophysics is an interdisciplinary science that applies the approaches and methods of physics to study biological systems.

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Bobby Fischer

Robert James Fischer (March 9, 1943January 17, 2008) was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion.

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Bogdan Lalić

Bogdan Lalic (born 8 March 1964) is a Croatian chess grandmaster.

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Boris Gelfand

Boris Abramovich Gelfand (Барыс Абрамавіч Гельфанд, Barys Abramavich Hel'fand; Борис Абрамович Гельфанд, Boris Abramovich Gel'fand; בוריס אברמוביץ' גלפנד; born 24 June 1968) is an Israeli chess Grandmaster.

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Boris Spassky

Boris Vasilievich Spassky (Бори́с Васи́льевич Спа́сский; born January 30, 1937) is a Russian chess grandmaster.

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Boxing

Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined set of time in a boxing ring.

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Candidates Tournament

The Candidates Tournament is a chess tournament organized by FIDE, chess' international governing body, since 1950, as the final contest to determine the challenger for the World Chess Championship.

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Capablanca Chess

Capablanca Chess (or Capablanca's Chess) is a chess variant invented in the 1920s by former World Chess Champion José Raúl Capablanca.

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Carol Jarecki

Carol Jarecki (born 1935) is an American chess organizer, an International Arbiter, and a chess writer.

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Castling

Castling is a move in the game of chess involving a player's king and either of the player's original rooks.

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Checkmate

Checkmate (often shortened to mate) is a game position in chess and other chess-like games in which a player's king is in check (threatened with) and there is no way to remove the threat.

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Chess

Chess is a two-player strategy board game played on a chessboard, a checkered gameboard with 64 squares arranged in an 8×8 grid.

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Chess endgame

In chess and chess-like games, the endgame (or end game or ending) is the stage of the game when few pieces are left on the board.

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Chess engine

In computer chess, a chess engine is a computer program that analyses chess or chess variant positions and makes decisions on the best chess moves.

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Chess Engines Grand Tournament

Chess Engines Grand Tournament, also known as CEGT, is an organization that tests computer chess software by playing chess engines against one another and publishing a ratings table.

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Chess Informant

Chess Informant (Šahovski Informator) is a publishing company from Belgrade (Serbia, former Yugoslavia) that periodically (since 2012, four volumes per year) produces a book entitled Chess Informant, as well as the Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings, Encyclopaedia of Chess Endings, Opening Monographs, other print publications, and software (including electronic editions of most print publications).

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Chess Life

The monthly Chess Life and bi-monthly Chess Life Kids (formerly School Mates and Chess Life for Kids) are the official magazines published by the United States Chess Federation (US Chess).

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Chess magazine

CHESS Magazine, also called CHESS and previously called CHESS Monthly, is a chess magazine published monthly in the United Kingdom by Chess and Bridge Limited.

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Chess middlegame

The middlegame in chess refers to the portion of the game in between the opening and the endgame.

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Chess Olympiad

The Chess Olympiad is a biennial chess tournament in which teams from all over the world compete.

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Chess opening

A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game.

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Chess strategy

Chess strategy is the aspect of chess playing concerned with evaluation of chess positions and setting of goals and long-term plans for future play.

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Chess theory

The game of chess is commonly divided into three phases: the opening, middlegame, and endgame.

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Chess title

A chess title is a title created by a chess governing body and bestowed upon players based on their performance and rank.

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Chess tournament

A chess tournament is a series of chess games played competitively to determine a winning individual or team.

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Chess960

Chess960, also called Fischer Random Chess (originally Fischerandom), is a variant of chess invented and advocated by former world chess champion Bobby Fischer, announced publicly on June 19, 1996, in Buenos Aires, Argentina.

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ChessBase

ChessBase GmbH is a German company that markets chess software, maintains a chess news site, and operates servers for online chess.

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ChessCafe.com

ChessCafe.com is a website that publishes endgame studies, book reviews and other articles related to chess on a weekly basis.

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Chessgames.com

Chessgames.com is an Internet chess community with over 224,000 members.

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Claude Shannon

Claude Elwood Shannon (April 30, 1916 – February 24, 2001) was an American mathematician, electrical engineer, and cryptographer known as "the father of information theory".

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Colle System

The Colle System, also known as the Colle–Koltanowski system, is a chess opening strategy for White introduced by Belgian Edgard Colle in the 1920s, and further developed by George Koltanowski.

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Complete information

In economics and game theory, complete information is an economic situation or game in which knowledge about other market participants or players is available to all participants.

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Computer

A computer is a device that can be instructed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automatically via computer programming.

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Correlation and dependence

In statistics, dependence or association is any statistical relationship, whether causal or not, between two random variables or bivariate data.

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Correspondence chess

Correspondence chess is chess or variant chess played by various forms of long-distance correspondence, often through a correspondence chess server, a public internet chess forum, email, or the postal system.

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Database

A database is an organized collection of data, stored and accessed electronically.

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David Vincent Hooper

David Vincent Hooper (31 August 1915 – May 1998), born in Reigate, was a British chess player and writer.

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Double check

In chess, a double check is a check delivered by two pieces simultaneously.

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Draughts

Draughts (British English) or checkers (American English) is a group of strategy board games for two players which involve diagonal moves of uniform game pieces and mandatory captures by jumping over opponent pieces.

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Draw (chess)

In chess, a draw is the result of a game ending in a tie.

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Dutch Defence

The Dutch Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black's 1...f5 stakes a serious claim to the e4-square and envisions an attack in the middlegame on White's; however, it also weakens Black's kingside some (especially the e8–h5 diagonal) and contributes nothing to Black's development.

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Edmar Mednis

Edmar John Mednis (Edmārs Mednis) (March 22, 1937 – February 13, 2002) was an American International Grandmaster of chess (awarded in 1980) born in Riga, Latvia.

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Efim Bogoljubov

Efim Dmitriyevich Bogolyubov (also Romanized Bogoljubov, Bogoljubow; April 14, 1889 – June 18, 1952) was a Russian-born German chess grandmaster who won numerous events and played two matches against Alexander Alekhine for the world championship.

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Elo rating system

The Elo rating system is a method for calculating the relative skill levels of players in zero-sum games such as chess.

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Emanuel Lasker

Emanuel Lasker (December 24, 1868 – January 11, 1941) was a German chess player, mathematician, and philosopher who was World Chess Champion for 27 years (from 1894 to 1921).

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English Opening

The English Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move: A flank opening, it is the fourth most popular and, according to various databases, anywhere from one of the two most successful to the fourth most successful of White's twenty possible first moves.

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Evgeny Sveshnikov

Evgeny Ellinovich Sveshnikov (Евгений Эллинович Све́шников; Latvian: Jevgēņijs Svešņikovs; born 11 February 1950) is a Russian grandmaster of chess and a chess author.

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Fast chess

Fast chess (also known as speed chess) is a variation of chess in which each side is given less time to make their moves than under normal tournament time controls.

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FIDE

The Fédération Internationale des Échecs or World Chess Federation is an international organization that connects the various national chess federations around the world and acts as the governing body of international chess competition.

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FIDE titles

The World Chess Federation, FIDE (Fédération Internationale des Échecs), awards several performance-based titles to chess players, up to and including the highly prized Grandmaster title.

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Folie à deux

Folie à deux (French for "madness of two"), or shared psychosis, is a psychiatric syndrome in which symptoms of a delusional belief and sometimes hallucinations are transmitted from one individual to another.

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Fork (chess)

In chess, a fork is a tactic whereby a single piece makes two or more direct attacks simultaneously.

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Four Knights Game

The Four Knights Game is a chess opening that begins with the moves: This is the most common sequence, but the knights may in any order to reach the same position.

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Francisco Vallejo Pons

Francisco Vallejo Pons (born 21 August 1982 in Es Castell, Menorca) is a Spanish chess grandmaster.

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French Defence

The French Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves: This is most commonly followed by 2.d4 d5, with Black intending...c5 at a later stage, attacking White's and gaining on the.

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Game complexity

Combinatorial game theory has several ways of measuring game complexity.

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Game theory

Game theory is "the study of mathematical models of conflict and cooperation between intelligent rational decision-makers".

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Garry Kasparov

Garry Kimovich Kasparov (Га́рри Ки́мович Каспа́ров,; Armenian: Գարրի Կիմովիչ Կասպարով; born Garik Kimovich Weinstein, 13 April 1963) is a Russian chess grandmaster, former world chess champion, writer, and political activist, who many consider to be the greatest chess player of all time.

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George Walker (chess player)

George Walker (13 March 1803 – 23 April 1879) was an English chess player and author of The Celebrated Analysis of A D Philidor (London, 1832), The Art of Chess-Play: A New Treatise on the Game of Chess (London, 1832), A Selection of Games at Chess played by Philidor (London, 1835), Chess Made Easy (London, 1836), and Chess Studies (London, 1844).

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Graham Burgess

Graham K. Burgess (born 24 Feb 1968 in Liverpool, England) is an English FIDE Master of chess and a noted writer and trainer.

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Grandmaster (chess)

The title Grandmaster (GM) is awarded to chess players by the world chess organization FIDE.

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Grünfeld Defence

The Grünfeld Defence (ECO codes D70–D99) is a chess opening characterised by the moves: Black offers White the possibility of cxd5, when after Nxd5 White further gets the opportunity to kick the Black Knight around with e4, leading to an imposing central pawn duo for White.

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Great Depression

The Great Depression was a severe worldwide economic depression that took place mostly during the 1930s, beginning in the United States.

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Hans Berliner

Hans Jack Berliner (January 27, 1929 – January 13, 2017) was a Professor of Computer Science at Carnegie Mellon University, and was the World Correspondence Chess Champion, from 1965–1968.

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Hans-Joachim Bremermann

Hans-Joachim Bremermann (1926–1996) was a German-American mathematician and biophysicist.

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Hedgehog (chess)

The Hedgehog is a pawn formation in chess adopted usually by Black that can arise from several openings.

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Howard Staunton

Howard Staunton (1810 – 22 June 1874) was an English chess master who is generally regarded as having been the world's strongest player from 1843 to 1851, largely as a result of his 1843 victory over Pierre Charles Fournier de Saint-Amant.

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Igor Zaitsev

Igor Arkadyevich Zaitsev (Игорь Аркадьевич Зайцев; born 27 May 1938) is a Russian grandmaster of chess.

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Information theory

Information theory studies the quantification, storage, and communication of information.

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Isaac Kashdan

Isaac Kashdan (19 November 1905 in New York City – 20 February 1985 in Los Angeles) was an American chess grandmaster and chess writer.

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Israel Albert Horowitz

Israel Albert Horowitz (often known as I. A. Horowitz or Al Horowitz) (November 15, 1907 in Brooklyn, New York – January 18, 1973) was a Jewish-American International Master of chess.

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Jaan Ehlvest

Jaan Ehlvest (born 14 October 1962) is an Estonian-American chess grandmaster.

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James Mason (chess player)

James Mason (November 19, 1849 – January 12, 1905) was an Irish-born chess player, journalist and writer, who became one of the world's best half-dozen players in the 1880s.

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Jan Hein Donner

Johannes Hendrikus (Hein) Donner (July 6, 1927 – November 27, 1988) was a Dutch chess grandmaster (GM) and writer.

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Jan Timman

Jan Timman (born 14 December 1951) is a Dutch chess Grandmaster who was one of the world's leading players from the late 1970s to the early 1990s.

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Jeff Sonas

Jeff Sonas is a statistical chess analyst who invented the Chessmetrics system for rating chess players, which is intended as an improvement on the Elo rating system.

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John Emms (chess player)

John Michael Emms (born 14 March 1967) is a chess player who has earned the rank of International Grandmaster.

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John L. Watson

John Leonard Watson (born 1951) is a chess International Master and author.

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John Nunn

John Denis Martin Nunn (born 25 April 1955 in London) is an English chess grandmaster, a three-time world champion in chess problem solving, a chess writer and publisher, and a mathematician.

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Jon Speelman

Jonathan Simon Speelman (born 2 October 1956) is an English Grandmaster chess player, mathematician and chess writer.

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Jonathan Rowson

Jonathan Rowson (born 18 April 1977) is a Scottish chess grandmaster and author.

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Jonathan Schaeffer

Jonathan Herbert Schaeffer (born on 1957) is a Canadian researcher and professor at the University of Alberta and the Canada Research Chair in Artificial Intelligence.

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José Raúl Capablanca

José Raúl Capablanca y Graupera (19 November 1888 – 8 March 1942) was a Cuban chess player who was world chess champion from 1921 to 1927.

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Joseph Bertin

Captain Joseph Bertin (1690s – c. 1736) was one of the first authors to write about the game of chess.

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Joseph Gallagher

Joseph Gerald Gallagher (born 4 May 1964) is a British-born Swiss chess grandmaster and former British Champion, as well as a chess author.

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Julian Hodgson

Julian Michael "Jules" Hodgson (born 25 July 1963) is a British International Grandmaster and former British Chess Champion.

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Keith Arkell

Keith Charles Arkell (born 8 January 1961 in Birmingham) is an English chess Grandmaster.

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Ken Whyld

Kenneth Whyld (6 March 1926 – 11 July 2003) was a British chess author and researcher, best known as the co-author (with David Hooper) of The Oxford Companion to Chess, a single-volume chess reference work in English.

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King (chess)

In chess, the king (♔,♚) is the most important piece.

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Kiril Georgiev

Kiril Dimitrov Georgiev (Кирил Димитров Георгиев; born 28 November 1965 in Petrich) is a Bulgarian chess grandmaster and seven-time Bulgarian Chess Champion.

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Knight (chess)

The knight (♘ ♞) is a piece in the game of chess, representing a knight (armored cavalry).

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Lajos Portisch

Lajos Portisch (born 4 April 1937) is a Hungarian chess Grandmaster, whose positional style earned him the nickname, the "Hungarian Botvinnik".

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Landauer's principle

Landauer's principle is a physical principle pertaining to the lower theoretical limit of energy consumption of computation.

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Larry Kaufman

Lawrence C. "Larry" Kaufman (born 1947) is a chess Grandmaster, a title which he automatically earned after winning the 2008 World Senior Championship (which he later retroactively shared with Mihai Suba).

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Larry Parr (chess player)

Lawrence "Larry" Parr (May 21, 1946 – April 2, 2011) was a chess player, author and editor.

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Lev Polugaevsky

Lev Abramovich Polugaevsky (Лев Абрамович Полугаевский; 20 November 1934 – 30 August 1995) was an International Grandmaster of chess and frequent contender for the World Championship, although he never achieved that title.

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List of chess variants

A chess variant (or unorthodox chess) is a game "related to, derived from, or inspired by chess".

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London 1883 chess tournament

The London 1883 chess tournament was a strong chess tournament among most of the leading players of the day.

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Lubomir Kavalek

Lubomir (Lubosh) Kavalek (Lubomír Kaválek, born August 9, 1943) is a Czech-American chess player.

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Lucerne

Lucerne (Luzern; Lucerne; Lucerna; Lucerna; Lucerne German: Lozärn) is a city in central Switzerland, in the German-speaking portion of the country.

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Mathematics

Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.

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Mihai Suba

Mihai Șubă (born June 1, 1947 in Bucharest, Romania) is a Romanian chess Grandmaster.

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Mikhail Botvinnik

Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik (Михаи́л Моисе́евич Ботви́нник,; – May 5, 1995) was a Soviet and Russian International Grandmaster and World Chess Champion for most of 1948 to 1963.

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Mikhail Gurevich (chess player)

Mikhail Naumovich Gurevich (born 1959) is a Soviet chess player.

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Mikhail Tal

Mikhail Nekhemyevich Tal (Mihails Tāls; Михаил Нехемьевич Таль, Mikhail Nekhem'evich Tal,; sometimes transliterated Mihails Tals or Mihail Tal; 9 November 1936 – 28 June 1992) was a Soviet Latvian chess Grandmaster and the eighth World Chess Champion (from 1960 to 1961).

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Modern Benoni

The Modern Benoni is a chess opening that begins with the moves 1.

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My Great Predecessors

My Great Predecessors is a series of chess books written by former World Champion Garry Kasparov et al.

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New In Chess

New In Chess (NIC) is a chess magazine that appears eight times a year with chief editors International Grandmaster Jan Timman and Dirk Jan ten Geuzendam.

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New York City

The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.

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Newcastle upon Tyne

Newcastle upon Tyne, commonly known as Newcastle, is a city in Tyne and Wear, North East England, 103 miles (166 km) south of Edinburgh and 277 miles (446 km) north of London on the northern bank of the River Tyne, from the North Sea.

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Nigel Short

Nigel David Short (born 1 June 1965) is an English chess grandmaster, chess columnist, chess coach and chess commentator.

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Owen's Defence

Owen's Defence (also known as the Queen's Fianchetto Defence or Greek Defense) is an uncommon chess opening defined by the moves: By playing 1...b6, Black prepares to fianchetto the where it will participate in the battle for the.

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Pal Benko

Pal Benko (Benkő Pál; born July 14, 1928) is a Hungarian–American chess grandmaster, author, and composer of endgame studies and chess problems.

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Paradigm

In science and philosophy, a paradigm is a distinct set of concepts or thought patterns, including theories, research methods, postulates, and standards for what constitutes legitimate contributions to a field.

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Paradox

A paradox is a statement that, despite apparently sound reasoning from true premises, leads to an apparently self-contradictory or logically unacceptable conclusion.

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Paul Keres

Paul Keres (January 7, 1916June 5, 1975) was an Estonian chess grandmaster and chess writer.

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Pawn (chess)

The pawn (♙,♟) is the most numerous piece in the game of chess, and in most circumstances, also the weakest.

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Pawn structure

In chess, the pawn structure (sometimes known as the pawn skeleton) is the configuration of pawns on the chessboard.

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Perpetual check

In the game of chess, perpetual check is a situation in which one player can force a draw by an unending series of checks.

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Petrov's Defence

Petrov's Defence or the Petrov Defence (also called Petroff's Defence, Russian Defence, and Russian Game) is a chess opening characterised by the following moves: Though this symmetrical response has a long history, it was first popularised by Alexander Petrov, a Russian chess player of the mid-19th century.

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Poisoned Pawn Variation

The Poisoned Pawn Variation is any of several series of opening moves in chess in which a pawn is said to be "poisoned" because its capture can result in a positional disadvantage or loss of material.

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Psychology

Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.

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Quantum computing

Quantum computing is computing using quantum-mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement.

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Queen (chess)

The queen (♕,♛) is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally.

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Queen's Gambit Declined

The Queen's Gambit Declined (or QGD) is a chess opening in which Black declines a pawn offered by White in the Queen's Gambit: This is known as the Orthodox Line of the Queen's Gambit Declined.

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Queen's Pawn Game

The Queen's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move: It is the second most popular opening move after 1.e4.

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Rafael Vaganian

Rafael Vaganian (Ռաֆայել Արտյոմի Վահանյան, Rrafayel Artyomi Vahanyan, Рафаэль Артёмович Ваганян, Rafael Artemovich Vaganyan) is an Armenian chess grandmaster known for his sharp tactical style of play.

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Raymond Keene

Raymond Dennis Keene OBE (born 29 January 1948) is an English chess Grandmaster, a FIDE International Arbiter, a chess organiser, and a journalist and author.

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Reuben Fine

Reuben Fine (October 11, 1914 – March 26, 1993) was an American chess grandmaster, psychologist, university professor, and author of many books on both chess and psychology.

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Richard Réti

Richard Selig Réti (28 May 1889, Bösing, now Pezinok – 6 June 1929, Prague) was an Austro-Hungarian, later Czechoslovak chess grandmaster, chess author, and composer of endgame studies.

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Rook (chess)

A rook (♖,♜) is a piece in the strategy board game of chess.

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Round-robin tournament

A round-robin tournament (or all-play-all tournament) is a competition in which each contestant meets all other contestants in turn.

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Rules of chess

The rules of chess (also known as the laws of chess) are rules governing the play of the game of chess.

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Ruy Lopez

The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves: The Ruy Lopez is named after 16th-century Spanish bishop Ruy López de Segura.

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Salo Flohr

Salomon Mikhailovich Flohr (November 21, 1908 – July 18, 1983) was a leading Czech chess grandmaster of the mid-20th century, who became a national hero in Czechoslovakia during the 1930s.

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Semi-Slav Defense

The Semi-Slav Defense is a variation of the Queen's Gambit chess opening defined by the position reached after the moves: The position may readily be reached by a number of different.

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Sergey Dolmatov

Sergey Viktorovich Dolmatov (born February 20, 1959) is a Russian Grandmaster of chess and former World Junior Chess Champion.

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Serve (tennis)

A serve (or, more formally, a service) in tennis is a shot to start a point.

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Serve and volley

Serve and volley is a style of play in tennis where the player serving moves quickly towards the net after hitting a serve.

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Sicilian Defence

The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the following moves: The Sicilian is the most popular and best-scoring response to White's first move 1.e4.

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Sicilian Defence, Najdorf Variation

The Najdorf Variation of the Sicilian Defence is one of the most respected and deeply studied of all chess openings.

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Siegbert Tarrasch

Siegbert Tarrasch (5 March 1862 – 17 February 1934) was one of the strongest chess players and most influential chess teachers of the late 19th and early 20th century.

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Slav Defense

The Slav Defense is a chess opening that begins with the moves: The Slav is one of the primary defenses to the Queen's Gambit.

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Solved game

A solved game is a game whose outcome (win, lose or draw) can be correctly predicted from any position, assuming that both players play perfectly.

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Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

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Speed of light

The speed of light in vacuum, commonly denoted, is a universal physical constant important in many areas of physics.

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Stalemate

Stalemate is a situation in the game of chess where the player whose turn it is to move is not in check but has no legal move.

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Statistician

A statistician is a person who works with theoretical or applied statistics.

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Statistics

Statistics is a branch of mathematics dealing with the collection, analysis, interpretation, presentation, and organization of data.

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Stockfish (chess)

Stockfish is a free and open-source UCI chess engine, available for various desktop and mobile platforms.

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Svetozar Gligorić

Svetozar Gligorić (Serbian Cyrillic: Светозар Глигорић, 2 February 1923 – 14 August 2012) was a Serbian and Yugoslav chess grandmaster.

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Swiss-system tournament

A Swiss-system tournament is a non-eliminating tournament format which features a set number of rounds of competition, but considerably fewer than in a round-robin tournament.

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Symmetry

Symmetry (from Greek συμμετρία symmetria "agreement in dimensions, due proportion, arrangement") in everyday language refers to a sense of harmonious and beautiful proportion and balance.

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Tempo (chess)

In chess and other chess-like games, tempo is a "turn" or single move.

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Tennis

Tennis is a racket sport that can be played individually against a single opponent (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles).

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Threefold repetition

In chess and some other abstract strategy games, the threefold repetition rule (also known as repetition of position) states that a player can claim a draw if the same position occurs three times, or will occur after their next move, with the same player to move.

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Time control

A time control is a mechanism in the tournament play of almost all two-player board games so that each round of the match can finish in a timely way and the tournament can proceed.

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Tournament

A tournament is a competition involving a relatively large number of competitors, all participating in a sport or game.

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Tournament director

A tournament director (TD) is an official at a competitive sporting or gaming event, who typically perform a number of key functions.

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Treatise

A treatise is a formal and systematic written discourse on some subject, generally longer and treating it in greater depth than an essay, and more concerned with investigating or exposing the principles of the subject.

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U.S. Open Chess Championship

The U.S. Open Championship is an open national chess championship that has been held in the United States annually since 1900.

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Ulf Andersson

Ulf Andersson (born 27 June 1951) is a leading Swedish chess player.

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Uncertainty principle

In quantum mechanics, the uncertainty principle (also known as Heisenberg's uncertainty principle) is any of a variety of mathematical inequalities asserting a fundamental limit to the precision with which certain pairs of physical properties of a particle, known as complementary variables, such as position x and momentum p, can be known.

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University of California, Berkeley

The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California) is a public research university in Berkeley, California.

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USSR Chess Championship

The USSR Chess Championship was played from 1921 to 1991.

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Valery Salov

Valery Salov (born May 26, 1964 in Wrocław, Poland) is a Russian chess grandmaster who was once ranked the third best player in the world.

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Vassily Ivanchuk

Vassily Mykhaylovych Ivanchuk, also transliterated as Vasyliy or Vasyl (Василь Михайлович Іванчук; born March 18, 1969), is a Ukrainian chess grandmaster and a former World Rapid Chess Champion.

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Vienna Game

The Vienna Game is an opening in chess that begins with the moves: White's second move is less common than 2.Nf3, and is also more recent.

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Viktor Korchnoi

Viktor Lvovich Korchnoi (p; 23 March 1931 – 6 June 2016) was a Soviet (until 1976) and Swiss (since 1994) chess grandmaster and writer.

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Viswanathan Anand

Viswanathan "Vishy" Anand (born 11 December 1969) is an Indian chess grandmaster, a former World Chess Champion, and the current World Rapid Chess Champion.

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Vladimir Malaniuk

Vladimir Pavlovich Malaniuk (July 21, 1957 – July 2, 2017) was a Ukrainian chess grandmaster and three-time Ukrainian champion.

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Vsevolod Rauzer

Vsevolod Alfredovich Rauzer (16 October 1908 – 29 December 1941, Leningrad) was a Soviet Ukrainian chess master known for his great contributions to chess opening theory, especially of the Sicilian Defence.

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Weaver W. Adams

Weaver Warren Adams (April 28, 1901 – January 6, 1963) was an American chess master, author, and opening theoretician.

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White and Black in chess

In chess, the player who moves first is referred to as "White" and the player who moves second is referred to as "Black".

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Wilhelm Steinitz

Wilhelm (later William) Steinitz (May 17, 1836 – August 12, 1900) was an Austrian and later American chess master, and the first undisputed World Chess Champion, from 1886 to 1894.

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William John Donaldson

William John Donaldson (born September 24, 1958, in Los Angeles) is an International Master of chess.

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World Blitz Chess Championship

The World Blitz Chess Championship is a chess tournament held to determine the world champion in chess played under blitz time controls.

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World Chess Championship

The World Chess Championship (sometimes abbreviated as WCC) is played to determine the World Champion in chess.

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Yasser Seirawan

Yasser Seirawan (ياسر سيروان; born March 24, 1960) is an American chess grandmaster and four-time United States champion.

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Zaven Andriasian

Zaven Andriasian (sometimes transliterated as Andriasyan; Զավեն Անդրիասյան; born March 11, 1989 in Yerevan) is an Armenian chess Grandmaster and former World Junior Chess Champion.

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Zoltán Ribli

Zoltán Ribli (born September 6, 1951 in Mohács) is a Hungarian chess grandmaster and International Arbiter (1995).

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Zugzwang

Zugzwang (German for "compulsion to move") is a situation found in chess and other games wherein one player is put at a disadvantage because they must make a move when they would prefer to pass and not move.

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Redirects here:

1st-move advantage in chess, First move advantage in chess, White advantage.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First-move_advantage_in_chess

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