288 relations: Aircrew brevet, Albany, Western Australia, Alexander Godley, Allen & Unwin, Amiens, ANZAC A badge, ANZAC Cove, Anzac Day, ANZAC Mounted Division, Anzac spirit, Armentières, Armistice of 11 November 1918, Artillery, Assyrian people, Attack at Fromelles, Australian and New Zealand Army Corps, Australian Army, Australian Army Nursing Service, Australian Army Reserve, Australian Army Veterinary Corps, Australian conscription referendum, 1916, Australian conscription referendum, 1917, Australian contribution to the Allied Intervention in Russia 1918–1919, Australian Corps, Australian Cycling Corps, Australian Flying Corps, Australian Imperial Force Touring XI, Australian Light Horse, Australian Machine Gun Corps, Australian Mounted Division, Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force, Australian War Memorial, Bandolier, Bapaume, Battalion, Battle and theatre honours of the Australian Army, Battle of Amiens (1918), Battle of Beersheba (1917), Battle of Broodseinde, Battle of Hamel, Battle of Hill 60 (Western Front), Battle of Jerusalem, Battle of Megiddo (1918), Battle of Messines (1917), Battle of Mont Saint-Quentin, Battle of Mouquet Farm, Battle of Mughar Ridge, Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of Poelcappelle, Battle of Polygon Wood, ..., Battle of Pozières, Battle of Romani, Battle of the Lys (1918), Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, Battle of the Somme, Battles of Ramadi (1917), Bayonet, Billy Hughes, BL 8-inch howitzer Mk I–V, BL 9.2-inch howitzer, Blackboy Hill, Western Australia, Brigade, Brigadier general, Brighton, Tasmania, British Army, British Expeditionary Force (World War I), British Indian Army, Broadmeadows, Victoria, Brudenell White, Cairo, Captain (armed forces), Caucasus Campaign, Central Flying School RAAF, Central Powers, Charles Bean, Chevron (insignia), Combined arms, Company (military unit), Corps, Dardanelles Army, Demobilization, Department of Defence (Australia), Desert Column, Desert Mounted Corps, Desertion, Digger (soldier), Division (military), Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, Dunsterforce, Egypt, Egypt Command, Egyptian Expeditionary Force, Egyptian revolution of 1919, Enoggera, Queensland, Ewen Sinclair-Maclagan, Expeditionary warfare, Fall of Baghdad (1917), Field Ambulance, Field army, Fifth Army (United Kingdom), First Australian Imperial Force dental units, First Battle of Dernancourt, First Battle of Gaza, First Battle of Villers-Bretonneux, Ford Model T, Fromelles, Gallipoli, Gallipoli Campaign, Gas mask, German Empire, German New Guinea, Great Pyramid of Giza, Grenade, Harold Bridgwood Walker, Harry Chauvel, Henry Normand MacLaurin, Hindenburg Line, Hotchkiss M1909 Benét–Mercié machine gun, Hundred Days Offensive, I ANZAC Corps, II ANZAC Corps, Imperial Camel Corps, India, Industrial relations, Infantry, Iraq, Jam tin grenade, James Gordon Legge, James Whiteside McCay, John Maxwell (British Army officer), John Monash, Kitchener's Army, Lagnicourt-Marcel, Landing at Anzac Cove, Larrikin, Lee–Enfield, Lewis gun, Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), Lionel Dunsterville, List of Australian Army artillery units in World War I, List of Australian Army engineer units in World War I, List of Australian Army medical units in World War I, List of Australian diarists of World War I, Liverpool, New South Wales, Macedonian Front, Major general, Major-general (United Kingdom), Mametz, Somme, Maxim gun, Melbourne, Mesopotamian campaign, Mesopotamian Half Flight, Military administration, Military communications, Military engineering, Military logistics, Military volunteer, Mills bomb, Minister for Defence (Australia), Morphettville, South Australia, Mortar (weapon), Mounted infantry, Mutiny, New South Wales, New Zealand and Australian Division, New Zealand Division, New Zealand Expeditionary Force, New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade, Newton 6-inch mortar, No man's land, No. 1 Squadron RAAF, No. 2 Squadron RAAF, No. 3 Squadron RAAF, No. 4 Squadron RAAF, No. 5 Squadron RAAF, No. 6 Squadron RAAF, No. 7 Squadron RAAF, No. 8 Squadron RAAF, Occupation of the Rhineland, Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918, Orders, decorations, and medals of the United Kingdom, Ordinal number, Ordnance QF 18-pounder, Palestine (region), Pals battalion, Pattern 1908 and 1912 cavalry swords, Pattern 1914 Enfield, Peaceful penetration, Periscope rifle, Persian Campaign, Peter Stanley, Pioneer (military), Plunging fire, Private (rank), Proposed Australian and New Zealand Army, Puttee, QF 4.5-inch howitzer, Queensland, Regiment, Regular army, Rifle grenade, Rising Sun (badge), Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Australian Army Service Corps, Royal Military College, Duntroon, Russian Civil War, Russian Revolution, Salisbury, Salisbury Plain, Second Army (United Kingdom), Second Australian Imperial Force, Second Battle of Gaza, Second Battle of the Somme (1918), Second Boer War, Senussi Campaign, Shilling (Australian), Sinai and Palestine Campaign, Slouch hat, Smoko, Somme (river), South Australia, Spring Offensive, Squadron (army), Staff (military), Stanley Savige, Stokes mortar, Suez Canal, Talbot Hobbs, Tank, Tasmania, Third Battle of Gaza, Trench warfare, Troop, Tunnel warfare, Tunnelling companies of the Royal Engineers, Unit Colour Patch, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Vickers machine gun, Victoria (Australia), Victoria Cross, Waler horse, War Office, Western Australia, Western Front (World War I), William Birdwood, William Bridges (general), Working class, World War I, World War I defences of Australia, World War II, Wound stripe, XXII Corps (United Kingdom), Ypres, 10th Cavalry Brigade (British Indian Army), 13th Cavalry Brigade (British Indian Army), 13th Light Horse Regiment (Australia), 14th Light Horse Regiment (Australia), 15th Light Horse Regiment (Australia), 1908 Pattern Webbing, 1911 Imperial Conference, 19th Battalion (Australia), 1st Australian Tunnelling Company, 1st Australian Wireless Signal Squadron, 1st Brigade (Australia), 1st Division (Australia), 1st Infantry Brigade (South Africa), 1st Light Car Patrol (Australia), 1st Light Horse Brigade, 2-inch medium mortar, 21st Battalion (Australia), 25th Battalion (Australia), 2nd Brigade (Australia), 2nd Division (Australia), 2nd Light Horse Brigade, 37th Battalion (Australia), 3rd Brigade (Australia), 3rd Division (Australia), 3rd Light Horse Brigade, 42nd Battalion (Australia), 4th Brigade (Australia), 4th Division (Australia), 4th Light Horse Brigade, 54th Battalion (Australia), 5th Battalion (Australia), 5th Division (Australia), 60th Battalion (Australia), 6th Division (Australia), 9.45-inch Heavy Mortar. Expand index (238 more) » « Shrink index
An aircrew brevet (officially known as an aircrew badge) is the badge worn on the left breast, above any medal ribbons, by qualified aircrew in the Royal Air Force, British Army, Indian Air Force, Pakistan Air Force, Royal Canadian Air Force, Australian Army, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal New Zealand Air Force, South African Air Force and Sri Lanka Air Force.
Albany is a port city in the Great Southern region of Western Australia, 418 km SE of Perth, the state capital.
General Sir Alexander John Godley, (4 February 1867 – 6 March 1957) was a senior British Army officer.
Allen & Unwin is an Australian independent publishing company, established in Australia in 1976 as a subsidiary of the British firm George Allen & Unwin Ltd., which was founded by Sir Stanley Unwin in August 1914 and went on to become one of the leading publishers of the twentieth century.
Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.
The ANZAC "A" badge is a brass insignia authorised in November 1917 for members of the First Australian Imperial Force who had served as a member of the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZACs) during the Gallipoli campaign in 1915.
Anzac Cove (Anzak Koyu) is a small cove on the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey.
Anzac Day is a national day of remembrance in Australia and New Zealand that broadly commemorates all Australians and New Zealanders "who served and died in all wars, conflicts, and peacekeeping operations" and "the contribution and suffering of all those who have served".
The Australian and New Zealand Mounted Division was a mounted infantry division of the British Empire during the First World War.
The Anzac spirit or Anzac legend is a concept which suggests that Australian and New Zealand soldiers possess shared characteristics, specifically the qualities those soldiers allegedly exemplified on the battlefields of World War I. These perceived qualities include endurance, courage, ingenuity, good humour, larrikinism, and mateship.
Armentières (Armentiers) is a commune in the Nord department in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France.
The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was the armistice that ended fighting on land, sea and air in World War I between the Allies and their last opponent, Germany.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
Assyrian people (ܐܫܘܪܝܐ), or Syriacs (see terms for Syriac Christians), are an ethnic group indigenous to the Middle East.
The Attack at Fromelles (Battle of Fromelles, Battle of Fleurbaix or Schlacht von Fromelles) 19–20 July 1916, was a British military operation on the Western Front during the First World War, subsidiary to the Battle of the Somme.
The Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC) was a First World War army corps of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force.
The Australian Army is Australia's military land force.
The Australian Army Nursing Service (AANS) was an Australian Army Reserve unit which provided a pool of trained civilian nurses who had volunteered for military service during wartime.
The Australian Army Reserve is a collective name given to the reserve units of the Australian Army.
The Australian Army Veterinary Corps (AAVC) was a corps of the Australian Army which was formed in 1909 to replace the veterinary department of the Commonwealth Military Forces.
The 1916 Australian plebiscite was held on 28 October 1916.
The 1917 Australian plebiscite was held on 20 December 1917.
The Russian Civil War (1917–1921) began after the provisional government collapsed and the Bolshevik party assumed power in Russia in October 1917.
The Australian Corps was a World War I army corps that contained all five Australian infantry divisions serving on the Western Front.
The Australian Cycling Corps was formed in Egypt in 1916 as part of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF), and fought on the Western Front in France and Belgium during World War I. They were used mainly as despatch riders, while also conducting reconnaissance and patrolling.
The Australian Flying Corps (AFC) was the branch of the Australian Army responsible for operating aircraft during World War I, and the forerunner of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF).
When the First World War ended in November 1918, thousands of Australian servicemen were in Europe as members of the First Australian Imperial Force (AIF) and many remained until the spring of 1919.
Australian Light Horse were mounted troops with characteristics of both cavalry and mounted infantry, who served in the Second Boer War and World War I. During the inter-war years, a number of regiments were raised as part of Australia's part-time military force.
The Australian Machine Gun Corps was a corps of the Australian Army which was formed for service during World War I. It was established in early 1916 as part of a reorganisation of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) in Egypt as preparations were made to transfer the bulk of the AIF's infantry divisions to Europe to take part in the fighting on the Western Front.
The Australian Mounted Division originally formed as the Imperial Mounted Division in January 1917, was a mounted infantry, light horse and yeomanry division.
The Australian Naval and Military Expeditionary Force (AN&MEF) was a small volunteer force of approximately 2,000 men, raised in Australia shortly after the outbreak of the First World War to seize and destroy German wireless stations in German New Guinea in the south-west Pacific.
The Australian War Memorial is Australia's national memorial to the members of its armed forces and supporting organisations who have died or participated in wars involving the Commonwealth of Australia.
A bandolier or a bandoleer is a pocketed belt for holding ammunition.
Bapaume is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
A battalion is a military unit.
The Australian Army and its forerunners have won many battle and theatre honours since its formation.
The Battle of Amiens, also known as the Third Battle of Picardy (3ème Bataille de Picardie), was the opening phase of the Allied offensive which began on 8 August 1918, later known as the Hundred Days Offensive, that ultimately led to the end of the First World War.
The Battle of Beersheba (Birüssebi Muharebesi, Schlacht von Birüssebi)The several battles fought for the Gaza to Beersheba line between 31 October and 7 November were all assigned the title Third Battle of Gaza, although they took place many miles apart, and were fought by different corps.
The Battle of Broodseinde was fought on 4 October 1917 near Ypres in Belgium, at the east end of the Gheluvelt plateau, by the British Second and Fifth armies and the German 4th Army.
The Battle of Hamel (4 July 1918) was a successful attack by Australian Army and US Army infantry, supported by British tanks, against German positions in and around the town of Le Hamel, in northern France, during World War I. The attack was planned and commanded by Lieutenant General John Monash, commander of the Australian Corps and Australian Imperial Force.
The Battle of Hill 60 took place near Hill 60 south of Ypres on the Western Front, during the First World War.
The Battle of Jerusalem occurred during the British Empire's "Jerusalem Operations" against the Ottoman Empire, when fighting for the city developed from 17 November, continuing after the surrender until 30 December 1917, to secure the final objective of the Southern Palestine Offensive during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I. Before Jerusalem could be secured, two battles were recognised by the British as being fought in the Judean Hills to the north and east of the Hebron–Junction Station line.
The Battle of Megiddo (Megiddo Muharebesi) also known in Turkish as the Nablus Hezimeti ("Rout of Nablus"), or the Nablus Yarması ("Breakthrough at Nablus") was fought between 19 and 25 September 1918, on the Plain of Sharon, in front of Tulkarm, Tabsor and Arara in the Judean Hills as well as on the Esdralon Plain at Nazareth, Afulah, Beisan, Jenin and Samakh.
The Battle of Messines was conducted by the British Second Army (General Sir Herbert Plumer), on the Western Front near the village of Messines in West Flanders, Belgium, during the First World War.
The Battle of Mont Saint-Quentin was a battle on the Western Front during World War I. As part of the Allied counteroffensives on the Western Front in the late summer of 1918, the Australian Corps crossed the Somme River on the night of August 31, and broke the German lines at Mont Saint-Quentin and Péronne.
The Battle of Mouquet Farm, also known as the Fighting for Mouquet Farm was part of the Battle of the Somme and began during the Battle of Pozières.
The Battle of Mughar Ridge, officially known by the British as the Action of El Mughar, took place on 13 November 1917 during the Pursuit phase of the Southern Palestine Offensive of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign in the First World War.
The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.
The Battle of Poelcappelle was fought in Flanders, Belgium, on 9 October 1917 by the British and German armies, during the First World War and marked the end of the string of highly successful British attacks in late September and early October, during the Third Battle of Ypres.
The Battle of Polygon Wood took place during the second phase of the Third Battle of Ypres in World War I and was fought near Ypres in Belgium, in the area from the Menin road to Polygon Wood and thence north, to the area beyond St Julien.
The Battle of Pozières (23 July – 3 September 1916) took place in France around the village of Pozières, during the Battle of the Somme.
The Battle of Romani was the last ground attack of the Central Powers on the Suez Canal at the beginning of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign during the First World War.
The Battle of the Lys, also known as the Lys Offensive, the Fourth Battle of Ypres, the Fourth Battle of Flanders and Operation Georgette (Batalha de La Lys and 3ème Bataille des Flandres), was part of the 1918 German offensive in Flanders during World War I, also known as the Spring Offensive.
The Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, sometimes called "Battle of the Menin Road", was the third British general attack of the Third Battle of Ypres in the First World War.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
The two Battles of Ramadi were fought between the forces of the British and Ottoman Empires in July and September 1917 during World War I. The two sides contested the town of Ramadi in central Iraq, about 100 km (62 miles) west of Baghdad on the south bank of the Euphrates River, where an important Ottoman garrison was quartered.
A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a knife, sword, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit on the end of a rifles muzzle, allowing it to be used as a pike.
William Morris Hughes, (25 September 186228 October 1952) was an Australian politician who served as the seventh Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1915 to 1923.
The BL 8-inch howitzer Mark I through to Mark V (1 to 5)I.e. models 1 through 5.
The Ordnance BL 9.2-inch howitzer was a heavy siege howitzer that formed the principal counter-battery equipment of British forces in France in World War I. It equipped a substantial number of siege batteries of the Royal Garrison Artillery. It remained in service until about the middle of World War II.
Blackboy Hill was named after the Australian native "black boy" plants, Xanthorrhoea preissii, which dominated the site which is now absorbed into Greenmount, Western Australia.
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.
Brigadier general (Brig. Gen.) is a senior rank in the armed forces.
Brighton is a suburb 27 km north of Hobart, in Tasmania, Australia.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.
The Indian Army (IA), often known since 1947 (but rarely during its existence) as the British Indian Army to distinguish it from the current Indian Army, was the principal military of the British Indian Empire before its decommissioning in 1947.
Broadmeadows is a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, north-west from Melbourne's central business district.
General Sir Cyril Brudenell Bingham White, (23 September 1876 – 13 August 1940), more commonly known as Sir Brudenell White or C. B. B. White, was a senior officer in the Australian Army who served as Chief of the General Staff from 1920 to 1923 and again from March to August 1940, when he was killed in the Canberra air disaster.
Cairo (القاهرة) is the capital of Egypt.
The army rank of captain (from the French capitaine) is a commissioned officer rank historically corresponding to the command of a company of soldiers.
The Caucasus Campaign comprised armed conflicts between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire, later including Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, the German Empire, the Central Caspian Dictatorship and the British Empire as part of the Middle Eastern theatre during World War I. The Caucasus Campaign extended from the South Caucasus to the Armenian Highlands region, reaching as far as Trabzon, Bitlis, Mush and Van.
Central Flying School (CFS) is a Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) training unit, located at RAAF Base East Sale, Victoria.
The Central Powers (Mittelmächte; Központi hatalmak; İttifak Devletleri / Bağlaşma Devletleri; translit), consisting of Germany,, the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria – hence also known as the Quadruple Alliance (Vierbund) – was one of the two main factions during World War I (1914–18).
Charles Edwin Woodrow Bean (18 November 1879 – 30 August 1968), usually identified as C.E.W. Bean, was an Australian World War I war correspondent and historian.
A chevron (also spelled cheveron, especially in older documents) is a V-shaped mark, often inverted.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Combined arms is an approach to warfare which seeks to integrate different combat arms of a military to achieve mutually complementary effects (for example, using infantry and armor in an urban environment, where one supports the other, or both support each other).
A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 80–150 soldiers and usually commanded by a major or a captain.
Corps (plural corps; via French, from the Latin corpus "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organisation.
The Dardanelles Army was formed in late 1915 and comprised the three army corps of the British Army operating at Gallipoli.
Demobilization or demobilisation (see spelling differences) is the process of standing down a nation's armed forces from combat-ready status.
The Department of Defence is a department of the Government of Australia charged with the responsibility to defend Australia and its national interests.
The Desert Column was a First World War British Empire army corps which operated in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign from 22 December 1916There is no war diary for Desert Column for December.
The Desert Mounted Corps was an army corps of the British Army during the First World War, of three mounted divisions renamed in August 1917 by General Edmund Allenby, from Desert Column.
In military terminology, desertion is the abandonment of a duty or post without permission (a pass, liberty or leave) and is done with the intention of not returning.
Digger is a military slang term for soldiers from Australia and New Zealand.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, (19 June 1861 – 29 January 1928), was a senior officer of the British Army.
Established in December 1917, Dunsterforce was an Allied military force named after its commander, General Lionel Dunsterville.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Egypt Command was a British military command.
The Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) was a British Empire military formation, formed on 10 March 1916 under the command of General Archibald Murray from the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force and the Force in Egypt (1914–15), at the beginning of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War.
The Egyptian revolution of 1919 was a countrywide revolution against the British occupation of Egypt and Sudan.
Enoggera is a suburb of Brisbane, in Queensland, Australia north-west of the Brisbane CBD.
Major General Ewen George Sinclair-Maclagan, (24 December 1868 – 24 November 1948) was an officer in the British Army who fought in British India and the Second Boer War.
Expeditionary warfare is the deployment of a state's military to fight abroad, especially away from established bases.
The Fall of Baghdad (11 March 1917) occurred during the Mesopotamia Campaign, fought between the forces of the British Empire and the Ottoman Turkish Empire in the First World War.
A Field Ambulance (FA) is the name used by the British Army and the armies of other Commonwealth nations to describe a mobile medical unit that treats wounded soldiers very close to the combat zone.
A field army (or numbered army or simply army) is a military formation in many armed forces, composed of two or more corps and may be subordinate to an army group.
The Fifth Army was a field army of the British Army during World War I that formed part of the British Expeditionary Force on the Western Front between 1916 and 1918.
The First Australian Imperial Force (AIF) was one of the first military forces to care for soldiers' teeth, and raised a large number of specialist dental units during World War I.
The First Battle of Dernancourt was fought on 28 March 1918 near Dernancourt in northern France during World War I. It involved a force of the German 2nd Army attacking elements of the VII Corps, which included British and Australian troops, and resulted in a complete defeat of the German assault.
The First Battle of Gaza was fought on 26 March 1917, during the first attempt by the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) to invade the south of Palestine in the Ottoman Empire during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War.
The First Battle of Villers-Bretonneux (30 March – 5 April 1918), took place during Operation Michael, part of the German Spring Offensive on the Western Front.
The Ford Model T (colloquially known as the Tin Lizzie, Leaping Lena, or flivver) is an automobile produced by Ford Motor Company from October 1, 1908, to May 26, 1927.
Fromelles is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
The Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu Yarımadası; Χερσόνησος της Καλλίπολης, Chersónisos tis Kallípolis) is located in the southern part of East Thrace, the European part of Turkey, with the Aegean Sea to the west and the Dardanelles strait to the east.
The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli, or the Battle of Çanakkale (Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of the First World War that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between 17 February 1915 and 9 January 1916.
The gas mask is a mask used to protect the user from inhaling airborne pollutants and toxic gases.
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
German New Guinea (Deutsch-Neuguinea) was the first part of the German colonial empire.
The Great Pyramid of Giza (also known as the Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops) is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex bordering what is now El Giza, Egypt.
A grenade is a small weapon typically thrown by hand.
Lieutenant General Sir Harold Bridgwood Walker, (26 April 1862 – 5 November 1934) was a senior British Army commander who led Australian and New Zealand forces for much of the First World War.
General Sir Henry George Chauvel, (16 April 1865 – 4 March 1945), more usually known as Sir Harry Chauvel, was a senior officer of the Australian Imperial Force who fought at Gallipoli and during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign in the Middle Eastern theatre of the First World War.
Brigadier General Henry Normand MacLaurin (31 October 1878 – 27 April 1915) was an Australian barrister and an Australian Army colonel who served in the First World War.
The Hindenburg Line (Siegfriedstellung or Siegfried Position) was a German defensive position of World War I, built during the winter of 1916–1917 on the Western Front, from Arras to Laffaux, near Soissons on the Aisne.
The Hotchkiss M1909 machine gun was a light machine gun of the early 20th century, developed and built by Hotchkiss et Cie.
The Hundred Days Offensive was the final period of the First World War, during which the Allies launched a series of offensives against the Central Powers on the Western Front from 8 August to 11 November 1918, beginning with the Battle of Amiens.
The I ANZAC Corps (First Anzac Corps) was a combined Australian and New Zealand army corps that served during World War I. It was formed in Egypt in February 1916 as part of the reorganisation and expansion of the Australian Imperial Force and the New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF) following the evacuation of Gallipoli in December 1915.
The II ANZAC Corps (Second Anzac Corps) was an Australian and New Zealand First World War army corps formed in Egypt in February 1916 as part of the reorganization of the Australian Imperial Force following the evacuation of Gallipoli in November 1915, under the command of William Birdwood.
The Imperial Camel Corps Brigade (ICCB) was a camel-mounted infantry brigade that the British Empire raised in December 1916 during the First World War for service in the Middle East.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
Industrial relations is a multidisciplinary field that studies the employment relationship.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
The double cylinder, No.
Lieutenant General James Gordon Legge (15 August 1863 – 18 September 1947) was an Australian Army senior officer who served in the First World War and was the Chief of the General Staff, Australia's highest ranking army officer between 1914 and 1915 and again between 1917 and 1920.
Lieutenant General Sir James Whiteside McCay, (21 December 1864 – 1 October 1930), who often spelt his surname M’Cay, was an Australian general and politician.
General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell, (11 July 1859 – 21 February 1929) was a British Army officer and colonial governor.
General Sir John Monash, (27 June 1865 – 8 October 1931) was a civil engineer and an Australian military commander of the First World War.
The New Army, often referred to as Kitchener's Army or, disparagingly, as Kitchener's Mob, was an (initially) all-volunteer army of the British Army formed in the United Kingdom from 1914 onwards following the outbreak of hostilities in the First World War in late July 1914.
Lagnicourt-Marcel is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
The landing at Anzac Cove on Sunday, 25 April 1915, also known as the landing at Gaba Tepe, and to the Turks as the Arıburnu Battle, was part of the amphibious invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsula by the forces of the British Empire, which began the land phase of the Gallipoli Campaign of the First World War.
Larrikin is an Australian English term meaning "a mischievous young person, an uncultivated, rowdy but good hearted person", or "a person who acts with apparent disregard for social or political conventions".
The Lee–Enfield is a bolt-action, magazine-fed, repeating rifle that served as the main firearm used by the military forces of the British Empire and Commonwealth during the first half of the 20th century.
The Lewis gun (or Lewis automatic machine gun or Lewis automatic rifle) is a First World War-era light machine gun of US design that was perfected and mass-produced in the United Kingdom, and widely used by British and British Empire troops during the war.
Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
Major General Lionel Charles Dunsterville (9 November 1865 – 18 March 1946) was a British general, who led the Dunsterforce across present-day Iraq and Iran towards Caucasus and oil-rich Baku.
The following is a list of Australian Army artillery units in World War I.
The Australian Imperial Force included a range of different engineer units including field units, signals, mining, works, railway, survey and training units.
The following is a list of Australian Army medical units in World War I.
This is a list of Australian diarists of World War I including Australian servicemen and women, other Australians associated with the armed forces, and those who remained in Australia.
Liverpool is a suburb of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia.
The Macedonian Front, also known as the Salonica Front (after Thessaloniki), was a military theatre of World War I formed as a result of an attempt by the Allied Powers to aid Serbia, in the fall of 1915, against the combined attack of Germany, Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria.
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.
Mametz is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Maxim gun was a weapon invented by American-born British inventor Hiram Stevens Maxim in 1884: it was the first recoil-operated machine gun in production.
Melbourne is the state capital of Victoria and the second-most populous city in Australia and Oceania.
The Mesopotamian campaign was a campaign in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I fought between the Allies represented by the British Empire, mostly troops from Britain, Australia and the British Indian, and the Central Powers, mostly of the Ottoman Empire.
The Mesopotamian Half-Flight (MHF), or Australian Half-Flight, was the first Australian Flying Corps (AFC) unit to see active service during World War I. Formed in April 1915 at the request of the Indian Government, the half-flight's personnel were sent to Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq) where they were equipped with a small number of outdated and barely serviceable aircraft.
Military administration identifies both the techniques and systems used by military departments, agencies, and Armed Services involved in the management of the armed forces.
Military communications or military signals involve all aspects of communications, or conveyance of information, by armed forces.
Military engineering is loosely defined as the art, science, and practice of designing and building military works and maintaining lines of military transport and communications.
Military logistics is the discipline of planning and carrying out the movement and maintenance of military forces.
A military volunteer is a person who enlists in military service by free will, and is not a mercenary or a foreign legionnaire.
Mills bomb is the popular name for a series of prominent British hand grenades.
The Australian Minister for Defence is currently Senator Marise Payne, who took office on 21 September 2015 as a member of the Turnbull Government.
Morphettville is a suburb of Adelaide, South Australia in the City of Marion.
A mortar is usually a simple, lightweight, man portable, muzzle-loaded weapon, consisting of a smooth-bore metal tube fixed to a base plate (to absorb recoil) with a lightweight bipod mount.
Mounted infantry were infantry who rode horses instead of marching.
Mutiny is a criminal conspiracy among a group of people (typically members of the military or the crew of any ship, even if they are civilians) to openly oppose, change, or overthrow a lawful authority to which they are subject.
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The New Zealand and Australian Division was a composite division raised for service in the First World War under the command of Major General Alexander Godley.
The New Zealand Division was an infantry division of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force raised for service in the First World War.
The New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF) was the title of the military forces sent from New Zealand to fight alongside other British Empire and Dominion troops during World War I (1914–1918) and World War II (1939–1945).
The New Zealand Mounted Rifles Brigade was a brigade of the New Zealand Army during the First World War.
The Newton 6-inch mortar was the standard British medium mortar in World War I from early 1917 onwards.
No man's land is land that is unoccupied or is under dispute between parties who leave it unoccupied due to fear or uncertainty.
No. 6 Squadron is a Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) training and bomber squadron.
The Occupation of the Rhineland from 1 December 1918 until 30 June 1930 was a consequence of the collapse of the Imperial German Army in 1918.
The Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918 is a 12-volume series covering Australian involvement in the First World War.
The British honours system is a means of rewarding individuals' personal bravery, achievement, or service to the United Kingdom and the British Overseas Territories.
In set theory, an ordinal number, or ordinal, is one generalization of the concept of a natural number that is used to describe a way to arrange a collection of objects in order, one after another.
The Ordnance QF 18 pounder,British military traditionally denoted smaller ordnance by the weight of its standard projectile, in this case approximately or simply 18-pounder Gun, was the standard British Empire field gun of the First World War-era.
Palestine (فلسطين,,; Παλαιστίνη, Palaistinē; Palaestina; פלשתינה. Palestina) is a geographic region in Western Asia.
The pals battalions of World War I were specially constituted battalions of the British Army comprising men who had enlisted together in local recruiting drives, with the promise that they would be able to serve alongside their friends, neighbours and colleagues ("pals"), rather than being arbitrarily allocated to battalions.
The 1908 Pattern Cavalry Trooper's Sword (and the 1912 Pattern, the equivalent for officers) was the last service sword issued to the cavalry of the British Army.
The Rifle,.303 Pattern 1914 (or P14) was a British service rifle of the First World War period.
Peaceful penetration was an Australian infantry tactic used toward the end of the First World War (though it was also used by the New Zealanders), which was a cross between trench raiding and patrolling.
A periscope rifle is a rifle that has been adapted to enable it to be sighted by the use of a periscope.
The Persian Campaign or Invasion of Persia also known as Invasion of Iran (اشغال ایران در جنگ جهانی اول) was a series of engagements in Iranian Azerbaijan and western Iran (Persia) involving the forces of the Ottoman Empire against those of the British Empire and Russian Empire, and also involving local population elements, beginning in December 1914 and ending with the Armistice of Mudros on October 30, 1918 as part of Middle Eastern theatre of World War I.
Peter Alan Stanley (born 28 October 1956) is an Australian historian and Research Professor at the University of New South Wales in the Australian Centre for the Study of Armed Conflict and Society.
A pioneer is a soldier employed to perform engineering and construction tasks.
Plunging fire is a form of indirect fire, gunfire fired at a trajectory such as to fall on its target from above.
A private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in).
In early 1916 the Australian and New Zealand governments proposed that an Australian and New Zealand Army be established to control the units of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) and New Zealand Expeditionary Force (NZEF).
A puttee, also spelled puttie, is the name, adapted from the Hindi paṭṭī, bandage (Skt. paṭṭa, strip of cloth), for a covering for the lower part of the leg from the ankle to the knee, alternatively known as: legwraps, leg bindings, winingas, or wickelbander.
The Ordnance QF 4.5-inch howitzer was the standard British Empire field (or ‘light’) howitzer of the First World War era.
Queensland (abbreviated as Qld) is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia.
A regiment is a military unit.
A regular army is the official army of a state or country (the official armed forces), contrasting with irregular forces, such as volunteer irregular militias, private armies, mercenaries, etc.
A rifle grenade is a grenade that uses a rifle-based launcher to permit a longer effective range than would be possible if the grenade was thrown by hand.
The Rising Sun badge, also known as the General Service Badge or the Australian Army Badge, is the official insignia of the Australian Army and is mostly worn on the brim of a slouch hat or, less frequently, on the front of a peaked cap for Army personnel filling certain ceremonial appointments.
The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), formed March 1921, is the aerial warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force (ADF).
The Royal Australian Army Service Corps (RAASC) was a corps within the Australian Army.
The Royal Military College, Duntroon, also known simply as Duntroon, is the Australian Army's officer training establishment.
The Russian Civil War (Grazhdanskaya voyna v Rossiyi; November 1917 – October 1922) was a multi-party war in the former Russian Empire immediately after the Russian Revolutions of 1917, as many factions vied to determine Russia's political future.
The Russian Revolution was a pair of revolutions in Russia in 1917 which dismantled the Tsarist autocracy and led to the rise of the Soviet Union.
Salisbury is a cathedral city in Wiltshire, England, with a population of 40,302, at the confluence of the rivers Nadder, Ebble, Wylye and Bourne.
Salisbury Plain is a chalk plateau in the south western part of central southern England covering.
The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.
The Second Australian Imperial Force (Second, or 2nd, AIF) was the name given to the volunteer personnel of the Australian Army in World War II.
The Second Battle of Gaza was fought between 17 and 19 April 1917, following the defeat of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) at the First Battle of Gaza in March, during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War.
The Second Battle of the Somme of 1918 was fought during the First World War on the Western Front from late August to early September, in the basin of the River Somme.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
The Senussi Campaign took place in North Africa, from November 1915 to February 1917, during the First World War between the British Empire and the Kingdom of Italy against the Senussi.
The Australian Shilling was a coin of the Commonwealth of Australia prior to decimalisation.
The Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I was fought between the British Empire and the Ottoman Empire, supported by the German Empire.
A slouch hat is a wide-brimmed felt or cloth hat most commonly worn as part of a military uniform, often, although not always, with a chinstrap.
"Smoko" (also "smoke-o" or "smoke-oh") is a term used in Australian English, New Zealand English and Falkland Islands English for a short, often informal, cigarette break taken during work or military duty, although the term can also be used to describe any short break such as a rest or a coffee/tea break.
The Somme is a river in Picardy, northern France.
South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a state in the southern central part of Australia.
The 1918 Spring Offensive, or Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 March 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914.
A squadron was historically a cavalry subunit, a company sized military formation.
A military staff (often referred to as general staff, army staff, navy staff, or air staff within the individual services) is a group of officers, enlisted and civilian personnel that are responsible for the administrative, operational and logistical needs of its unit.
Lieutenant General Sir Stanley George Savige, (26 June 1890 – 15 May 1954) was an Australian Army soldier and officer who served in the First World War and Second World War.
The Stokes mortar was a British trench mortar invented by Sir Wilfred Stokes KBE that was issued to the British, Empire and U.S. armies, as well as the Portuguese Expeditionary Corps (CEP), during the later half of the First World War.
thumb The Suez Canal (قناة السويس) is an artificial sea-level waterway in Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea through the Isthmus of Suez.
Lieutenant General Sir Joseph John Talbot Hobbs, (24 August 1864 – 21 April 1938) was an Australian architect and First World War general.
A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.
Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.
The Third Battle of Gaza was fought on the night of 1/2 November 1917 between British and Ottoman forces during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I, and came after the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) victory at the Battle of Beersheba had ended the Stalemate in Southern Palestine.
Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.
A troop is a military sub-subunit, originally a small formation of cavalry, subordinate to a squadron.
Tunnel warfare is a general name for war being conducted in tunnels and other underground cavities.
Royal Engineer tunnelling companies were specialist units of the Corps of Royal Engineers within the British Army, formed to dig attacking tunnels under enemy lines during the First World War.
Unit Colour Patches (or simply known as Colour Patches) are currently worn on the slouch hat in the Australian Army to identify the wearer's unit.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
The Vickers machine gun or Vickers gun is a name primarily used to refer to the water-cooled.303 British (7.7 mm) machine gun produced by Vickers Limited, originally for the British Army.
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
The Waler is an Australian breed of riding horse developed from horses that were brought to the Australian colonies in the 19th century.
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state occupying the entire western third of Australia.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Field Marshal William Riddell Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood, (13 September 1865 – 17 May 1951) was a British Army officer.
Major General Sir William Throsby Bridges, (18 February 1861 – 18 May 1915) was a senior Australian Army officer who was instrumental in establishing the Royal Military College, Duntroon and who served as the first Australian Chief of the General Staff.
The working class (also labouring class) are the people employed for wages, especially in manual-labour occupations and industrial work.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
While Australia was distant from the main theatres of World War I, small military forces were maintained to defend the country from attack throughout the war.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
A wound stripe is a distinction of dress bestowed on soldiers wounded in combat.
The British XXII Corps was a British infantry corps during World War I.
Ypres (Ieper) is a Belgian municipality in the province of West Flanders.
The 2nd South Midland Mounted Brigade (later numbered as the 6th Mounted Brigade) was a yeomanry brigade of the British Army, formed as part of the Territorial Force in 1908.
The 1st South Midland Mounted Brigade (later numbered as the 5th Mounted Brigade) was a yeomanry brigade of the British Army, formed as part of the Territorial Force in 1908.
The 13th Light Horse Regiment was a mounted infantry regiment of the Australian Army during the First World War.
The 14th Light Horse Regiment was a mounted infantry or light horse unit of the Australian Army.
The 15th Light Horse Regiment was a mounted infantry regiment of the Australian Army during the First World War.
The 1908 Pattern Web Infantry Equipment was an innovative type of webbing equipment adopted by the British Army before World War I.
The Imperial Conference of 1911 convened in London on 23 May 1911 and concluded on 20 June 1911.
The 19th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 1st Australian Tunnelling Company was one of the tunnelling companies of the Royal Australian Engineers during World War I. The tunnelling units were occupied in offensive and defensive mining involving the placing and maintaining of mines under enemy lines, as well as other underground work such as the construction of deep dugouts for troop accommodation, the digging of subways, saps (a narrow trench dug to approach enemy trenches), cable trenches and underground chambers for signals and medical services.
The 1st Australian Wireless Signal Squadron was a unit of the Australian Imperial Force (AIF) which served in Mesopotamia (modern-day Iraq) during World War I. Formed in late 1915, it took part in the Mesopotamian Campaign from 1916 to 1918, providing communications to British forces.
1st Brigade is a combined arms formation of the Australian Army.
The 1st Division is the main formation of the Australian Army and contains the majority of the Army's regular forces.
The South African 1st Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the army of the Union of South Africa during World Wars I and II.
The 1st Light Car Patrol was formed in Melbourne during 1916 as part of the Australian Imperial Force during World War I. First named the 1st Armoured Car Section, it was also known as the 1st Armoured Car Battery.
The 1st Light Horse Brigade was a mounted infantry brigade of the First Australian Imperial Force, which served in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I. In 1914, the brigade formed part of the New Zealand and Australian Division but during the Gallipoli Campaign served in the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC).
The 2 inch medium trench mortar, also known as the 2-inch howitzer, and nicknamed the "toffee apple" or "plum pudding" mortar, was a British smooth bore muzzle loading (SBML) medium trench mortar in use in World War I from mid-1915 to mid-1917.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
The 21st Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 25th Battalion was an infantry unit of the Australian Army.
The 2nd Brigade was a brigade-sized infantry unit of the Australian Army.
The 2nd Division commands all the reserve brigades in Australia.
The 2nd Light Horse Brigade was a mounted infantry brigade of the First Australian Imperial Force which served in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I. The brigade first saw action while serving in the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC)'s New Zealand and Australian Division during the Dardanelles Campaign in the Battle of Gallipoli.
The 37th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 3rd Brigade is a combined arms brigade of the Australian Army, principally made up of the 1st and 3rd Battalions of the Royal Australian Regiment (1 and 3 RAR).
The 3rd Division was an infantry division of the Australian Army.
The 3rd Light Horse Brigade was a mounted infantry brigade of the First Australian Imperial Force which served in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I. The brigade first saw action during the Dardanelles Campaign in the Battle of Gallipoli where they were noted for their charge during the Battle of the Nek.
The 42nd Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 4th Brigade is a brigade-level formation of the Australian Army.
The Australian 4th Division was formed in the First World War during the expansion of the Australian Imperial Force infantry brigades in February 1916.
The 4th Light Horse Brigade was a mounted infantry brigade of the First Australian Imperial Force serving in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I. The brigade was formed in March 1915 and shipped to Egypt without their horses and was broken up in Egypt in August 1915.
The 54th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 5th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 5th Division was an infantry division of the Australian Army which served during the First and Second World Wars.
The 60th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 6th Division was an infantry division of the Australian Army.
The ML 9.45 inch Heavy Trench Mortar, nicknamed the Flying Pig, was a large calibre mortar of World War I and the standard British heavy mortar from the autumn of 1916.