160 relations: Abbeville, Aisne (river), Alexandre Millerand, Allies of World War I, Amiens, André Sordet, Antwerp, Ardennes, Arras, Barbara W. Tuchman, Battle of Albert (1914), Battle of Armentières, Battle of Arras (1914), Battle of Charleroi, Battle of Flirey, Battle of Halen, Battle of La Bassée, Battle of Le Cateau, Battle of Lorraine, Battle of Messines (1914), Battle of Mons, Battle of Mulhouse, Battle of St. Quentin (1914), Battle of the Ardennes, Battle of the Frontiers, Battle of the Yser, Belfort, Belgium, Brasles, British Expeditionary Force (World War I), Campaigns of 1794 in the French Revolutionary Wars, Charleroi, Charles Péguy, Charleville-Mézières, Châlons-en-Champagne, Château-Salins, Compiègne, Craonne, Dinant, Dormans, Dunkirk, Eighth Army (France), English Channel, Erich von Falkenhayn, Field army, Fifth Army (France), First Battle of Picardy, First Battle of the Aisne, First Battle of Ypres, Fismes, ..., Fortified position of Liège, Fourth Army (France), French Army, French Flanders, French Third Republic, Fumay, German Army (German Empire), German Empire, Givet, Grand Morin, Great Retreat, Hans von Gronau, Helmuth von Moltke the Younger, Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, Hew Strachan, IV Reserve Corps (German Empire), John French, 1st Earl of Ypres, John Terraine, Joseph Gallieni, Joseph Joffre, Kemmelberg, La Fère, La Ferté-sous-Jouarre memorial, Laon, Lassigny, Les Invalides, Leuven, Liège, Lieutenant colonel, Lille, Longwy, Marne, Marne (river), Meeting engagement, Mental breakdown, Military governor of Paris, Military history of Britain, Military history of France, Moÿ-de-l'Aisne, Mons, Mont-d'Origny, Montmédy, Montmirail, Marne, Morhange, Musée de l'Armée, Nampcel, Nancy, France, Nanteuil-le-Haudouin, National Redoubt (Belgium), Neufchâteau, Luxembourg Province, Noël Édouard, vicomte de Curières de Castelnau, Oberste Heeresleitung, Oise, Order of battle of the First Battle of the Marne, Ostend, Paris, Petit Morin, Pickelhaube, Plan XVII, Race to the Sea, Reims, René Viviani, Rethel, Revigny, Revigny-sur-Ornain, Royal Marines, Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Saxon Army, Roye, Somme, Saint-Dié-des-Vosges, Sainte-Menehould, Sambre, Sarrebourg, Sézanne, Schlieffen Plan, Second Army (France), Second Battle of the Marne, Secretary of State for War, Sedan, Ardennes, September 13, September 5, September 9, Sermaize-les-Bains, Siege of Maubeuge, Soissons, Stenay, Tenth Army (France), The Guns of August, Thionville, Third Army (France), Toul, Trench warfare, Union sacrée, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Valenciennes, Varennes-en-Argonne, Verdun, Vervins, Vesle, Vitry-le-François, Western Front (World War I), Wilhelm II, German Emperor, World War I, World War I casualties, 1st Army (France), 4th Army (German Empire), 5th Army (German Empire), 6th Army (German Empire), 7th Army (German Empire), 9th Army Corps (France). Expand index (110 more) » « Shrink index
Abbeville is a commune in the Somme department and in Hauts-de-France region in northern France.
The Aisne is a river in northeastern France.
Alexandre Millerand (10 February 1859 – 7 April 1943) was a French politician and freemason.
The Allies of World War I, or Entente Powers, were the countries that opposed the Central Powers in the First World War.
Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.
General Jean-François André Sordet (17 May 1852 – 28 July 1923) was a senior officer of the French Army.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
The Ardennes (L'Ardenne; Ardennen; L'Årdene; Ardennen; also known as the Ardennes Forest or Forest of Ardennes) is a region of extensive forests, rough terrain, rolling hills and ridges formed by the geological features of the Ardennes mountain range and the Moselle and Meuse River basins.
Arras (Atrecht) is the capital (chef-lieu/préfecture) of the Pas-de-Calais department, which forms part of the region of Hauts-de-France; prior to the reorganization of 2014 it was located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais.
Barbara Wertheim Tuchman (January 30, 1912 – February 6, 1989) was an American historian and author.
The Battle of Albert (also known as the First Battle of Albert) began on 25 September 1914, in what became known as the "Race to the Sea", during the First World War.
The Battle of Armentières (also Battle of Lille) was fought by German and Franco-British forces in northern France in October 1914, during reciprocal attempts by the armies to envelop the northern flank of their opponent, which has been called the Race to the Sea.
The Battle of Arras (also known as the First Battle of Arras, was an attempt by the French Army to outflank the German Army, which was attempting to do the same thing during the "Race to the Sea", the reciprocal attempts by both sides, to exploit conditions created during the First Battle of the Aisne.
The Battle of Charleroi (Bataille de Charleroi), or the Battle of the Sambre, was fought on 21 August 1914, by the French Fifth Army and the German 2nd and 3rd armies, during the Battle of the Frontiers.
The Battle of Flirey (1re Bataille de Flirey) was a First World War battle fought from 1914.
The Battle of Halen (also Haelen or the Battle of the Silver Helmets, Slag der Zilveren Helmen, Bataille des casques d'argent, because of the many cavalry helmets left behind on the battlefield by the German cuirassiers) took place on 12 August 1914 at the beginning of the First World War and was a cavalry encounter between German forces led by Georg von der Marwitz and Belgian troops led by Léon de Witte.
The Battle of La Bassée was fought by German and Franco-British forces in northern France in October 1914, during reciprocal attempts by the contending armies to envelop the northern flank of their opponent, which has been called the Race to the Sea.
The Battle of Le Cateau was fought on 26 August 1914, after the British and French retreated from the Battle of Mons and had set up defensive positions in a fighting withdrawal against the German advance at Le Cateau-Cambrésis.
The Battle of Lorraine (14 August – 7 September 1914) was a battle on the Western Front during the First World War.
The Battle of Messines was fought in October 1914 between the armies of the German and British empires, as part of the Race to the Sea, between the river Douve and the Comines–Ypres canal.
The Battle of Mons was the first major action of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in the First World War.
The Battle of Mulhouse (Mülhausen), also called the Battle of Alsace (Bataille d'Alsace), which began on 7 August 1914, was the opening attack of World War I by the French Army against Germany.
The Battle of St.
The Battle of the Ardennes was a battle of the First World War fought on the frontiers of France, Germany, Belgium and Luxembourg from 21 to 23 August 1914.
The Battle of the Frontiers was a series of battles fought along the eastern frontier of France and in southern Belgium, shortly after the outbreak of the First World War.
The Battle of the Yser (Bataille de l'Yser, Slag om de IJzer) was a battle of World War I that took place in October 1914 between the towns on Nieuwpoort and Diksmuide, along a stretch of the Yser River and the Yperlee Canal, in Belgium.
Belfort is a city in northeastern France in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté région, situated between Lyon and Strasbourg.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Brasles is a commune in the department of Aisne in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.
The French Revolutionary Wars continued from 1793 with few immediate changes in the diplomatic situation as France fought the First coalition.
Charleroi (Tchålerwè) is a city and a municipality of Wallonia, located in the province of Hainaut, Belgium.
Charles Pierre Péguy (7 January 1873 – 5 September 1914) was a noted French poet, essayist, and editor.
Charleville-Mézières is a commune in northern France, capital of the Ardennes department in the Grand Est region.
Châlons-en-Champagne is a city in the Grand Est region of France.
Château-Salins (from 1941–44 Salzburgen) is a commune in the Moselle department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
Compiègne is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
Craonne is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Dinant is a Walloon city and municipality located on the River Meuse, in the Belgian province of Namur.
Dormans is a commune in the Marne department in north-eastern France.
Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
The Eighth Army (VIIIe Armée) was a Field army of the French Army during World War I and World War II.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
General Erich Georg Anton von Falkenhayn (11 September 1861 – 8 April 1922) was the Chief of the German General Staff during the First World War from September 1914 until 29 August 1916.
A field army (or numbered army or simply army) is a military formation in many armed forces, composed of two or more corps and may be subordinate to an army group.
The Fifth Army was a famous fighting force that participated in World War I. Under its enthusiastic and offensive-minded commander, Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, it led the decisive attacks which resulted in the spectacular victory at the First Battle of the Marne in 1914.
The First Battle of Picardy took place during the Race to the Sea and the First Battle of the Aisne a Franco-British counter-offensive, which followed the Battle of the Frontiers (7 August–13 September) and the German advance into France during the Great Retreat, which ended at the First Battle of the Marne The term describes reciprocal attempts by the Franco-British and German armies, to envelop the northern flank of the opposing army, through Picardy, Artois and Flanders.
The First Battle of the Aisne (1re Bataille de l'Aisne) was the Allied follow-up offensive against the right wing of the German First Army (led by Alexander von Kluck) and the Second Army (led by Karl von Bülow) as they retreated after the First Battle of the Marne earlier in September 1914.
The First Battle of Ypres (Première Bataille des Flandres Erste Flandernschlacht, was a battle of the First World War, fought on the Western Front around Ypres, in West Flanders, Belgium, during October and November 1914.
Fismes is a commune in the Marne department in the Grand Est region of north-eastern France.
The fortified position of Liège was established following World War I by Belgium to block the traditional invasion corridor from Germany through Belgium to France.
The Fourth Army (IVe Armée) was a Field army of the French Army, which fought during World War I and World War II.
The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
French Flanders (La Flandre française; Frans-Vlaanderen) is a part of the historical County of Flanders in present-day France where Flemings and the Dutch were traditionally the dominant ethnic groups and where Dutch was or still is traditionally spoken.
The French Third Republic (La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870 when the Second French Empire collapsed during the Franco-Prussian War until 1940 when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.
Fumay is a commune in the Ardennes department in northern France, very close to the Belgian border.
The Imperial German Army (Deutsches Heer) was the name given to the combined land and air forces of the German Empire (excluding the Marine-Fliegerabteilung maritime aviation formations of the Imperial German Navy).
The German Empire (Deutsches Kaiserreich, officially Deutsches Reich),Herbert Tuttle wrote in September 1881 that the term "Reich" does not literally connote an empire as has been commonly assumed by English-speaking people.
Givet is a commune in the Ardennes department in northern France very close to the Belgian border.
The Grand Morin is a long river in France, left tributary of the Marne.
The Great Retreat, also known as the Retreat from Mons, is the name given to the long withdrawal to the River Marne, in August and September 1914, by the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) and the French Fifth Army, Allied forces on the Western Front in World War I, after their defeat by the Imperial German armies at the Battle of Charleroi (21 August) and the Battle of Mons (23 August).
Johann Karl Hermann Gronau, from 1913 von Gronau, commonly known as Hans von Gronau (6 December 1850 in Alt Schadow – 22 February 1940 in Potsdam) was a Prussian officer, and General during World War I.
Helmuth Johann Ludwig Graf von Moltke (23 May 1848 – 18 June 1916), also known as Moltke the Younger, was a nephew of Generalfeldmarschall (Field Marshal) Helmuth Karl Bernhard von Moltke and served as the Chief of the German General Staff from 1906 to 1914.
Field Marshal Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener, (24 June 1850 – 5 June 1916), was a senior British Army officer and colonial administrator who won notoriety for his imperial campaigns, most especially his scorched earth policy against the Boers and his establishment of concentration camps during the Second Boer War, and later played a central role in the early part of the First World War.
Sir Hew Francis Anthony Strachan, (born 1 September 1949) is a Scottish military historian, well known for his work on the administration of the British Army and the history of the First World War.
The IV Reserve Corps (IV.) was a corps level command of the German Army in World War I.
Field Marshal John Denton Pinkstone French, 1st Earl of Ypres, (28 September 1852 – 22 May 1925), known as Sir John French from 1901 to 1916, and as The Viscount French between 1916 and 1922, was a senior British Army officer.
John Alfred Terraine (15 January 1921 – 28 December 2003) was an English military historian, and a TV screenwriter.
Joseph Simon Gallieni (24 April 1849 – 27 May 1916) was a French soldier, active for most of his career as a military commander and administrator in the French colonies.
Marshal Joseph Jacques Césaire Joffre (12 January 1852 – 3 January 1931), was a French general who served as Commander-in-Chief of French forces on the Western Front from the start of World War I until the end of 1916.
Kemmelberg is a hill formation in Flanders, Belgium.
La Fère is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in France.
The La Ferté-sous-Jouarre memorial is a World War I memorial in France, located on the south bank of the River Marne, on the outskirts of the commune of La Ferté-sous-Jouarre, 66 kilometres east of Paris, in the department of Seine-et-Marne.
Laon is the capital city of the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France, northern France.
Lassigny is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
Les Invalides, commonly known as Hôtel national des Invalides (The National Residence of the Invalids), or also as Hôtel des Invalides, is a complex of buildings in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, France, containing museums and monuments, all relating to the military history of France, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans, the building's original purpose.
Leuven or Louvain (Louvain,; Löwen) is the capital of the province of Flemish Brabant in Belgium.
Liège (Lidje; Luik,; Lüttich) is a major Walloon city and municipality and the capital of the Belgian province of Liège. The city is situated in the valley of the Meuse, in the east of Belgium, not far from borders with the Netherlands (Maastricht is about to the north) and with Germany (Aachen is about north-east). At Liège, the Meuse meets the River Ourthe. The city is part of the sillon industriel, the former industrial backbone of Wallonia. It still is the principal economic and cultural centre of the region. The Liège municipality (i.e. the city proper) includes the former communes of Angleur, Bressoux, Chênée, Glain, Grivegnée, Jupille-sur-Meuse, Rocourt, and Wandre. In November 2012, Liège had 198,280 inhabitants. The metropolitan area, including the outer commuter zone, covers an area of 1,879 km2 (725 sq mi) and had a total population of 749,110 on 1 January 2008. Population of all municipalities in Belgium on 1 January 2008. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. Definitions of metropolitan areas in Belgium. The metropolitan area of Liège is divided into three levels. First, the central agglomeration (agglomeratie) with 480,513 inhabitants (2008-01-01). Adding the closest surroundings (banlieue) gives a total of 641,591. And, including the outer commuter zone (forensenwoonzone) the population is 810,983. Retrieved on 2008-10-19. This includes a total of 52 municipalities, among others, Herstal and Seraing. Liège ranks as the third most populous urban area in Belgium, after Brussels and Antwerp, and the fourth municipality after Antwerp, Ghent and Charleroi.
Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
Longwy (Langich, Longkech) is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in northeastern France.
Marne is a department in north-eastern France named after the river Marne (Matrona in Roman times) which flows through the department.
The Marne (la Marne) is a river in France, an eastern tributary of the Seine in the area east and southeast of Paris.
In warfare, a meeting engagement, or encounter battle, is a combat action that occurs when a moving force, incompletely deployed for battle, engages an enemy at an unexpected time and place.
A mental breakdown (also known as a nervous breakdown) is an acute, time-limited mental disorder that manifests primarily as severe stress-induced depression, anxiety, Paranoia, or dissociation in a previously functional individual, to the extent that they are no longer able to function on a day-to-day basis until the disorder is resolved.
The Military Governor of Paris has a very old and prestigious post in the French Army.
The Military history of Britain, including the military history of the United Kingdom and the military history of the island of Great Britain, is discussed in the following articles.
The military history of France encompasses an immense panorama of conflicts and struggles extending for more than 2,000 years across areas including modern France, the European continent, and a variety of regions throughout the world.
Moÿ-de-l'Aisne is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Mons (Bergen; Mont; Mont) is a Walloon city and municipality, and the capital of the Belgian province of Hainaut.
Mont-d'Origny is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Montmédy is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
Montmirail is a commune in the Marne department in north-eastern France.
Morhange (Mörchingen, Lorraine Franconian Märchinge) is a commune in the Moselle department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
The Musée de l'Armée (Army Museum) is a national military museum of France located at Les Invalides in the 7th arrondissement of Paris.
Nampcel is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
Nancy (Nanzig) is the capital of the north-eastern French department of Meurthe-et-Moselle, and formerly the capital of the Duchy of Lorraine, and then the French province of the same name.
Nanteuil-le-Haudouin is a commune in the Oise department in northern France.
The National Redoubt (Réduit national, Nationaal Reduit) was a strategic defensive belt of fortifications built in Belgium.
Neufchâteau (Li Tchestea in Walloon) is a Walloon municipality of Belgium located in the province of Luxembourg.
Noël Édouard Marie Joseph, Vicomte de Curières de Castelnau (24 December 1851 – 19 March 1944) was a French general in World War I. He represented the militant Catholic element in the French Army, and headed the Féderation Nationale Catholique.
The Oberste Heeresleitung (Supreme Army Command or OHL) was the highest echelon of command of the army (Heer) of the German Empire.
Oise is a department in the north of France.
The following units of the British, French and German Empires fought in the First Battle of the Marne from 5–12 September 1914 on the Western Front of World War I.
Ostend (Oostende, or; Ostende; Ostende) is a Belgian coastal city and municipality, located in the province of West Flanders.
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of and a population of 2,206,488.
The Petit Morin is an river in France, a left tributary of the Marne.
The Pickelhaube (plural Pickelhauben; from the German Pickel, "point" or "pickaxe", and Haube, "bonnet", a general word for "headgear"), also Pickelhelm, is a spiked helmet worn in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries by German military, firefighters, and police.
Plan XVII was the name of a "scheme of mobilization and concentration" that was adopted by the French Conseil Supérieur de la Guerre (the peacetime title of the French General Staff) from 1912–1914, to be put into effect by the French Army in the event of war between France and Germany.
The Race to the Sea took place from about 1914, after the Battle of the Frontiers and the German advance into France, which had been stopped at the First Battle of the Marne and was followed by the First Battle of the Aisne a Franco-British counter-offensive.
Reims (also spelled Rheims), a city in the Grand Est region of France, lies east-northeast of Paris.
Jean Raphaël Adrien René Viviani (8 November 18637 September 1925) was a French politician of the Third Republic, who served as Prime Minister for the first year of World War I. He was born in Sidi Bel Abbès, in French Algeria.
Rethel is a commune in the Ardennes department in northern France.
Revigny is a commune in the Jura department in the region of Franche-Comté in eastern France.
Revigny-sur-Ornain is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
The Corps of Royal Marines (RM) is the amphibious light infantry of the Royal Navy.
The Royal Naval Air Service (RNAS) was the air arm of the Royal Navy, under the direction of the Admiralty's Air Department, and existed formally from 1 July 1914Admiralty Circular CW.13963/14, 1 July 1914: "Royal Naval Air Service – Organisation" to 1 April 1918, when it was merged with the British Army's Royal Flying Corps to form a new service, the Royal Air Force, the first of its kind in the world.
The Royal Saxon Army (Königlich Sächsische Armee) was the military force of the Electorate (1682—1807) and later the Kingdom of Saxony (1807—1918).
Roye is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Saint-Dié-des-Vosges (Sankt Didel), commonly referred to as Saint-Dié, is a commune in the Vosges department in Grand Est in northeastern France.
Sainte-Menehould is a commune in the Marne department in north-eastern France.
The Sambre is a river in northern France and in Wallonia, Belgium.
Sarrebourg (Lorraine Franconian: Saarbuerj) is a commune in the Moselle department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
Sézanne is a commune in the Marne department and Grand Est region in north-eastern France.
The Schlieffen Plan (Schlieffen-Plan) was the name given after World War I to the thinking behind the German invasion of France and Belgium on 4 August 1914.
The Second Army (IIe Armée) was a field army of the French Army during World War I and World War II.
The Second Battle of the Marne (Seconde Bataille de la Marne), or Battle of Reims (15 July – 6 August 1918) was the last major German offensive on the Western Front during the First World War.
The position of Secretary of State for War, commonly called War Secretary, was a British cabinet-level position, first held by Henry Dundas (appointed in 1794).
Sedan is a commune in the Ardennes department and Grand Est region of north-eastern France.
Sermaize-les-Bains is a commune in the Marne department in north-eastern France.
The Siege of Maubeuge took place from at le camp retranché de Maubeuge (the Entrenched Camp of Maubeuge) the start of World War I on the Western Front.
Soissons is a commune in the northern French department of Aisne, in the region of Hauts-de-France.
Stenay is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
The Tenth Army (Xe Armée) was a Field army of the French Army during World War I and World War II.
The Guns of August (1962), also published as August 1914, is a volume of history by Barbara W. Tuchman.
Thionville (Diedenhofen) is a commune in the Moselle department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
The Third Army (IIIe Armée) was a Field army of the French Army, which fought during World War I and World War II.
Toul is a commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in north-eastern France.
Trench warfare is a type of land warfare using occupied fighting lines consisting largely of military trenches, in which troops are well-protected from the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.
The union sacrée (sacred union) was a political truce in France in which the left-wing agreed, during World War I, not to oppose the government or call any strikes.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland was established by the Acts of Union 1800, which merged the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland.
Valenciennes (Dutch: Valencijn, Latin: Valentianae, Valincyinne) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Varennes-en-Argonne or simply Varennes is a commune in the Meuse department in Grand Est in north-eastern France.
Verdun (official name before 1970 Verdun-sur-Meuse) is a small city in the Meuse department in Grand Est in northeastern France.
Vervins is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Vesle is the river on which the city of Reims stands.
Vitry-le-François is a commune in the Marne department in north-eastern France.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Wilhelm II (Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albert von Hohenzollern; 27 January 18594 June 1941) was the last German Emperor (Kaiser) and King of Prussia, ruling the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
The total number of military and civilian casualties in World War I was more than 41 million: there were over 18 million deaths and 23 million wounded, ranking it among the deadliest conflicts in human history.
The First Army (1re Armée) was a field army of France that fought during World War I and World War II.
The 4th Army (4.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the VI Army Inspection.
The 5th Army (5.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 seemingly from the VII Army Inspection.
The 6th Army (6.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the IV Army Inspectorate.
The 7th Army (7.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the II Army Inspection.
The 9th Army Corps (9e Corps d'Armée) was a large military formation (military) of the French Army, constituted during the First and the Second French Empire, and during the First and the Second World War.
1re Bataille de la Marne, 1re Bataille de la Marne), 1st Battle Of The Marne, Battle of Revigny, Battle of Vitry, Battle of the Marshes of Saint-Gond, Battle of the Ourcq, Battle of the Two Morins, First Battle of Marne, First battle of the marne, First marne, Marne 1914, Miracle of the Marne, Richard Hentsch, The Marne, The battle of Marne river.