103 relations: Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine, Allies of World War II, Andrew McNaughton, Antwerp, Armoured warfare, Battle of the Scheldt, Belgium, Bernard Montgomery, Bert Hoffmeister, Brian Horrocks, Brigade, Bruce Matthews (Canadian Army officer), Canadian Army, Canadian Corps, Canadian Corps (World War II), Canadian Forestry Corps, Canadian Military Engineers, Canadian Provost Corps, Casualty Clearing Station, Charles Foulkes (Canadian Army officer), Christopher Vokes, Corps, Corps of Royal Canadian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, Daniel Spry, Dieppe, Dieppe Raid, Division (military), Eighth Army (United Kingdom), Falaise Pocket, Falaise, Calvados, Field army, Guards Armoured Division, Guy Simonds, Harry Crerar, Harry Wickwire Foster, I Canadian Corps, I Corps (United Kingdom), II Canadian Corps, Infantry, Italian Campaign (World War II), Kenneth Stuart, Lieutenant-general (Canada), Main supply route, Meuse, Netherlands, Normandy landings, Officer (armed forces), Operation Goldflake, Operation Overlord, Operation Totalize, ..., Operation Tractable, Operation Veritable, Ralph Holley Keefler, Rhine, Robert Moncel, Royal Canadian Armoured Corps, Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps, Royal Canadian Army Service Corps, Royal Canadian Corps of Signals, Royal Canadian Postal Corps, Royal Netherlands Motorized Infantry Brigade, Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, Stanisław Maczek, The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment), The Prince Edward Island Regiment (RCAC), The Royal Montreal Regiment, United Kingdom, Western Front (World War II), World War I, World War II, XXX Corps (United Kingdom), 104th Infantry Division (United States), 10th (R/Fus) Medium Regiment Royal Artillery, 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division, 1st Armoured Division (Poland), 1st Belgian Infantry Brigade, 1st Canadian Armoured Brigade, 1st Canadian Division, 1st Czechoslovak Armoured Brigade, 1st Medium Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery, 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division, 2nd Canadian Division during World War II, 31 Combat Engineer Regiment (The Elgins), 33rd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 34th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 3rd Canadian Division, 3rd Medium Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery, 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division, 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division, 4th Canadian Division, 4th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters North East, 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, 51st (Highland) Division, 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division, 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division, 5th Canadian Division, 5th Medium Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery, 6th Airborne Division (United Kingdom), 6th Guards Tank Brigade (United Kingdom), 79th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 7th Medium Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery, 8th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom). Expand index (53 more) » « Shrink index
The Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine was a phase in the Western European Campaign of World War II.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
General Andrew George Latta McNaughton (25 February 1887 – 11 July 1966) was a Canadian electrical engineer, scientist, army officer, cabinet minister, diplomat and President of the UN Security Council.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Armoured warfare, mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare.
The Battle of the Scheldt in World War II was a series of military operations by Canadian, British and Polish formations to open up the shipping route to Antwerp so that its port could be used to supply the Allies in north-west Europe.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.
Major General Bertram Meryl "Bert" Hoffmeister (15 May 1907 – 4 December 1999) was a Canadian Army officer, businessman, and conservationist.
Lieutenant-General Sir Brian Gwynne Horrocks, (7 September 1895 – 4 January 1985) was a British Army officer, chiefly remembered as the commander of XXX Corps in Operation Market Garden and other operations during the Second World War.
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.
Major General Albert Bruce Matthews, (August 12, 1909 – September 12, 1991) was a senior Canadian Army officer and businessman in the 1930s.
The Canadian Army (French: Armée canadienne) is the command responsible for the operational readiness of the conventional ground forces of the Canadian Armed Forces.
The Canadian Corps was a World War I corps formed from the Canadian Expeditionary Force in September 1915 after the arrival of the 2nd Canadian Division in France.
The unnumbered Canadian Corps was the first corps-level military formation established by the Canadian Army during the Second World War between late 1940 and mid-1942.
The Canadian Forestry Corps (Corps forestier canadien in French) was an administrative corps of the Canadian Army with its own cap badge, and other insignia and traditions.
The Canadian Military Engineers (CME) is the military engineer branch of the Canadian Armed Forces.
The Canadian Provost Corps (C Pro C) was the military police corps of the Canadian Army.
A casualty clearing station (CCS) is a military medical facility behind the front lines that is used to treat wounded soldiers.
General Charles Foulkes, (3 January 1903 – 12 September 1969) was a British-Canadian soldier, and an officer of The Royal Canadian Regiment.
Major General Christopher Vokes (13 April 1904 – 27 March 1985) was a senior Canadian Army officer who fought in World War II.
Corps (plural corps; via French, from the Latin corpus "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organisation.
The Corps of Royal Canadian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (RCEME) (Corps du génie électrique et mécanique royal canadien) is a personnel branch of the Canadian Forces (CF) that provides army engineering maintenance support.
Major General Daniel Charles Spry CBE DSO CD (February 4, 1913 – April 2, 1989) was a senior Canadian Army officer who commanded the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division during Operation Veritable in World War II.
Dieppe is a coastal community in the Arrondissement of Dieppe in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northern France.
The Dieppe Raid was an Allied assault on the German-occupied port of Dieppe, France on 19 August 1942, during the Second World War.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
The Falaise Pocket or Battle of the Falaise Pocket (12 – 21 August 1944) was the decisive engagement of the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
Falaise is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
A field army (or numbered army or simply army) is a military formation in many armed forces, composed of two or more corps and may be subordinate to an army group.
The Guards Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army during the Second World War.
Lieutenant-General Guy Granville Simonds (April 23, 1903 – May 15, 1974) was a senior Canadian Army officer who served with distinction during World War II, where he commanded the 1st Canadian Infantry Division and II Canadian Corps.
General Henry Duncan Graham "Harry" Crerar (April 28, 1888 – April 1, 1965) was a senior officer of the Canadian Army, and became the country's "leading field commander" in the Second World War, where he commanded the First Canadian Army.
Major General Harry Wickwire Foster (April 2, 1902 – August 6, 1964) was a senior Canadian Army officer who commanded two Canadian divisions during World War II.
I Canadian Corps was one of the two corps fielded by the Canadian Army during the Second World War.
I Corps ("First Corps") was an army corps in existence as an active formation in the British Army for most of the 80 years from its creation in the First World War until the end of the Cold War, longer than any other corps.
II Canadian Corps was a corps-level formation that, along with I (British) Corps (August 1, 1944 to April 1, 1945) and I Canadian Corps (April 6, 1943 to November 1943, and April 1, 1945 until the end of hostilities), comprised the First Canadian Army in Northwest Europe during World War II.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of the Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.
Lieutenant General Kenneth Stuart CB, DSO, MC (September 9, 1891 – November 3, 1945) was a Canadian soldier and Chief of the General Staff, the head of the Canadian Army from 24 December 1941 until 27 December 1943.
In the Canadian Forces, the rank of lieutenant-general (LGen) (lieutenant-général or Lgén in French) is an Army or Air Force rank equal to a vice-admiral of the Navy.
A main supply route (MSR) is the route or routes designated within an area of operations upon which the bulk of traffic flows in support of military operations and humanitarian operations.
The Meuse (la Meuse; Walloon: Moûze) or Maas (Maas; Maos or Maas) is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
An officer is a member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority.
Operation Goldflake was the administrative move of I Canadian Corps (in essence, all Canadian combatant units) and the British 5th Infantry Division from Italy to Northwestern Europe during the Second World War.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
Operation Totalize (also spelled Operation Totalise in recent British sources) was an offensive launched by Allied troops in the First Canadian Army during the later stages of Operation Overlord, from 8 to 9 August 1944.
Operation Tractable was the final offensive conducted by Canadian and Polish troops, supported by one brigade of British tanks, as part of the Battle of Normandy during World War II.
Operation Veritable (also known as the Battle of the Reichswald) was the northern part of an Allied pincer movement that took place between 8 February and 11 March 1945 during the final stages of the Second World War.
Ralph Holley Keefler, (September 12, 1902 – September 17, 1983) was a Canadian soldier and businessman.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
Robert William Moncel, (April 9, 1917 – December 10, 2007) was a Canadian army officer.
The Royal Canadian Armoured Corps (RCAC; Corps blindé royal canadien) is the armoured corps within the Canadian Army, including regular and reserve force regiments.
The Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps (RCAMC) was an administrative corps of the Canadian Army.
For successor see Logistics Branch The Royal Canadian Army Service Corps (RCASC) was an administrative and transport corps of the Canadian Army.
The Royal Canadian Corps of Signals (RCCS, RC Sigs; (Corps des transmissions royal du Canada - CTRC) is a component within the Canadian Armed Forces' Communications and Electronics Branch, consisting of all members of that personnel branch who wear army uniform. Prior to 1968 it was a combat support corps of the Canadian Army.The Regiments and Corps of The Canadian Army (Queen's Printer, 1964) Major Wallace Bruce Matthews Carruthers established a militia (Non-Permanent Active Militia) component of signallers under the designation "Signalling Corps" on 24 October 1903, making it the first independent signal corps in the British Empire. It was redesignated "The Canadian Signal Corps" on 4 June 1913. On 1 April 1919 as part of the restructuring based on experiences during the Great War, a regular (Permanent Active Militia) component was established as the "Canadian Signalling Instructional Staff". This was redesignated "The Canadian Permanent Signal Corps" on 15 December 1920. Shortly thereafter, on 15 June 1921, King George V, the Canadian monarch, bestowed on the permanent force portion of the organization the title "The Royal Canadian Corps of Signals". Meanwhile, on 1 August 1921, the militia component was re-titled "Canadian Corps of Signals"; redesignated "Royal Canadian Corps of Signals" on 29 April 1936 (as part of the larger military restructuring that year); and finally aligned in nomenclature with the regular component as "The Royal Canadian Corps of Signals" on 22 March 1948, after the conclusion of the Second World War. The badge of The Royal Canadian Corps of Signals consisted of a circle, with a Tudor Crown on top with the text Royal Canadian Corps of Signals around the edge. At the center of the circle is the Roman God Mercury. At the bottom is a ribbon with the text "Velox, Versutus, Vigilans" and eight maple leaves. The Royal Canadian Corps of Signals was responsible for land communication and signalling. When the Canadian Army, Royal Canadian Air Force and Royal Canadian Navy were unified in 1968 to form the Canadian Forces, the RCCS was amalgamated into the Canadian Forces' Communications and Electronics Branch. On 19 April 2013, Minister of National Defence, Peter MacKay, announced that the historical designation of "Royal Canadian Corps of Signals" would be restored for the army component within the Communications and Electronics Branch. Restoring the historical designations of Canadian Army organizations.
The Royal Canadian Postal Corps (RCPC) was an administrative corps of the Canadian Army.
During the Second World War, the Royal Netherlands Motorized Infantry Brigade was a military unit initially formed from approximately 1,500 Dutch troops, including a small group guarding German prisoners-of-war, who arrived in the United Kingdom in May 1940 following the collapse of the Netherlands.
The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery (Le Régiment royal de l'Artillerie canadienne) is the artillery personnel branch of the Canadian Army.
General Stanisław Maczek (31 March 1892 – 11 December 1994) was a Polish tank commander of World War II, whose division was instrumental in the Allied liberation of France, closing the Falaise pocket, resulting in the destruction of 14 German Wehrmacht and SS divisions.
The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment) is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
The Prince Edward Island Regiment (RCAC) is a Primary Reserve armoured reconnaissance regiment of the Canadian Forces, 5th Canadian Division, 36 Canadian Brigade Group.
The Royal Montreal Regiment is a Primary Reserve Infantry regiment of the Canadian Army based in Westmount, Montreal, Quebec.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The Western Front was a military theatre of World War II encompassing Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. World War II military engagements in Southern Europe and elsewhere are generally considered under separate headings. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale combat operations. The first phase saw the capitulation of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France during May and June 1940 after their defeat in the Low Countries and the northern half of France, and continued into an air war between Germany and Britain that climaxed with the Battle of Britain. The second phase consisted of large-scale ground combat (supported by a massive air war considered to be an additional front), which began in June 1944 with the Allied landings in Normandy and continued until the defeat of Germany in May 1945.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 104th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army.
The 10th (Royal Fusiliers) Medium Regiment, Royal Artillery, was a WW2 formed Medium Artillery regiment, enabled on 11 December 1942.
The 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that served with distinction in both World War I and World War II.
The Polish 1st Armoured Division (Polish 1 Dywizja Pancerna) was an armoured division of the Polish Armed Forces in the West during World War II.
The 1st Belgian Infantry Brigade, also known as the "Piron Brigade" (Brigade Piron) after its commander Jean-Baptiste Piron, was a Belgian and Luxembourgish military unit in the Free Belgian forces during World War II.
The 1st Canadian Army Tank Brigade, later known as 1st Canadian Armoured Brigade, was an armoured brigade of the Canadian Army, raised during the Second World War.
The 1st Canadian Division is an operational command and control formation of the Canadian Joint Operations Command, based at CFB Kingston.
The 1st Czechoslovak Independent Armoured Brigade Group (Československá samostatná obrněná brigáda, Slovak: Československá samostatná obrnená brigáda) was an armoured unit of expatriate Czechoslovaks organised and equipped by the United Kingdom during the Second World War in 1943.
The 1st Medium Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery was one of six Canadian medium artillery regiments that served in the European Theatre of World War II.
The 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the Canadian Army that saw active service during World War II.
The 2nd Canadian Division (2 Cdn Div) is responsible for generating and maintaining an operationally ready, multi-purpose land force for the Canadian Army in the province of Quebec, Canada, in order to meet Canada's defence objectives, domestically and overseas.
The 2nd Canadian Division, an infantry division of the Canadian Army, was mobilized for war service on 1September 1939 at the outset of World War II.
31 Combat Engineer Regiment (31 CER or "The Elgins"), is currently a combat engineer regiment of the Canadian Armed Forces, supporting 31 Canadian Brigade Group of the 4th Canadian Division (formerly Land Force Central Area).
The 33rd Armoured Brigade (33rd Armd Bde) was an armoured brigade of the British Army that was active in northwestern Europe in World War II from June 1944 until May 1945 and from 1980 to 1992.
The 34th Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army that saw active service in the Second World War.
The 3rd Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.
The 3rd Medium Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery was raised as a medium artillery regiment of the Canadian Army on January 26, 1942.
The 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 4th Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.
4th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters North East (The Black Rats), previously known as 4th Mechanized Brigade (The Black Rats) is a brigade formation of the British Army, currently based in Catterick, North Yorkshire as part of 1st (United Kingdom) Division.
The 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that saw distinguished service in the Second World War.
The 51st (Highland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought on the Western Front in France during the First World War from 1915 to 1918.
The 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was originally formed as the Lowland Division, in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force.
The 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought in both World War I and World War II.
The 5th Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.
The 5th Medium Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery, was one of six Canadian medium regiments that saw service in Britain and continental Europe in the Second World War, the others being the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 7th Medium Regiments.
The 6th Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 6th Guards Tank Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army during the Second World War formed from the Foot Guards in 1941 as the 6th Guards Armoured Brigade when the United Kingdom was under the threat of invasion and more armoured formations were required.
The 79th Armoured Division was a specialist armoured division of the British Army created during World War II.
The 7th Medium Regiment, Royal Canadian Artillery, was one of six Canadian medium regiments that saw service in Britain and continental Europe in the Second World War, the others being the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, and 5th Medium Regiments.
The 8th Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army formed in August 1941, during the Second World War and active until 1956.