122 relations: ABC (medicine), Abdominal thrusts, Abrasion (medical), Agonal respiration, Airway obstruction, Allergen, Altitude sickness, Ambulance, Amsterdam, Anaphylaxis, Animal bite, Artificial respiration, Asphyxia, Automated external defibrillator, Avulsion injury, Bandage, Basic airway management, Battle, Battle of Solferino, Battlefield medicine, Bleeding, Bomb, Bone fracture, Breathing, British Empire, Burn, Cardiac arrest, Cardiac arrhythmia, Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Cervical vertebrae, Childbirth, Choking, Circulatory system, Classical Greece, Coma, Combat medic, Combatant, Consciousness, Cramp, Decompression sickness, Defibrillation, Diabetic coma, Diabetic hypoglycemia, Disease, Dislocation, Diver rescue, Diving disorders, Dominique Jean Larrey, Drowning, Dysmenorrhea, ..., Emergency, Emergency medicine, Epileptic seizure, Epinephrine, Esmarch bandage, Francis Duncan, Franco-Prussian War, Friedrich von Esmarch, Gastrointestinal bleeding, Geneva Conventions, Glasgow Coma Scale, Hair tourniquet, Heat syncope, Henry Dunant, High-altitude cerebral edema, High-altitude pulmonary edema, Holy Land, Human nose, Hyperbaric medicine, Hyperglycemia, Hyperthermia, Hypoglycemia, Hypothermia, Hypoxia (medical), Injury, International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, Joint, Joint dislocation, Knights Hospitaller, Layperson, Lifeguard, Maltese cross, Medical emergency, Medical evacuation, Mental health first aid, Mnemonic, Mouth, Myocardial infarction, Napoleon, Non-combatant, Occlusive dressing, Order of Malta Ambulance Corps, Order of Saint John (chartered 1888), Osteomyelitis, Oxygen, Oxygen therapy, Parable of the Good Samaritan, Peter Shepherd (British Army officer), Pharynx, Pneumothorax, Poison, Prussia, Pulse, Recovery position, Respiratory tract, Roman army, Royal Humane Society, Sailor, Scuba diving, Shock (circulatory), Splint (medicine), Sprain, St. John Ambulance, Star of Life, Strain (injury), Stroke, Testicular torsion, Toothache, United States Navy Experimental Diving Unit, War, William Hawes, Wound. Expand index (72 more) » « Shrink index
ABC and its variations are initialism mnemonics for essential steps used by both medical professionals and lay persons (such as first aiders) when dealing with a patient.
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Abdominal thrusts, also called the Heimlich manoeuvre or Heimlich maneuver, is a first aid procedure used to treat upper airway obstructions (or choking) by foreign objects.
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In dermatology, an abrasion is a wound caused by superficial damage to the skin, no deeper than the epidermis.
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Agonal respiration, gasping respiration or agonal breathing is an abnormal pattern of breathing and brainstem reflex characterized by gasping, labored breathing, accompanied by strange vocalizations and myoclonus.
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Airway obstruction is a blockage of respiration in the airway.
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An allergen is a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body.
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Altitude sickness—also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), altitude illness, hypobaropathy, "the altitude bends", or soroche—is a pathological effect of high altitude on humans, caused by acute exposure to low partial pressure of oxygen at high altitude.
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An ambulance is a vehicle for transportation of sick or injured people to, from or between places of treatment for an illness or injury, and in some instances will also provide out of hospital medical care to the patient.
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Amsterdam is the capital city and most populous city of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
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Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death.
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An animal bite is a wound received from the teeth of an animal, including humans.
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Artificial respiration is the act of assisting or stimulating respiration, a metabolic process referring to the overall exchange of gases in the body by pulmonary ventilation, external respiration, and internal respiration.
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Asphyxia or asphyxiation (from Ancient Greek α- "without" and σφύξις sphyxis, "squeeze" (throb of heart)) is a condition of severely deficient supply of oxygen to the body that arises from abnormal breathing.
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An automated external defibrillator (AED) is a portable electronic device that automatically diagnoses the life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias of ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia in a patient, and is able to treat them through defibrillation, the application of electrical therapy which stops the arrhythmia, allowing the heart to reestablish an effective rhythm.
In medicine, an avulsion is an injury in which a body structure is forcibly detached from its normal point of insertion by either trauma or surgery (from the Latin avellere, meaning "to tear off").
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A bandage is a piece of material used either to support a medical device such as a dressing or splint, or on its own to provide support to or to restrict the movement of a part of the body.
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Basic airway management are a set of medical procedures preformed in order to prevent airway obstruction and thus ensuring an open pathway between a patient’s lungs and the outside world.
Generally, a battle is a conceptual component in the hierarchy of combat in warfare between two or more armed forces, or combatants.
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The Battle of Solferino (referred to in Italy as the Battle of Solferino and San Martino) on 24 June 1859 resulted in the victory of the allied French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II (together known as the Franco-Sardinian Alliance) against the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I. It was the last major battle in world history where all the armies were under the personal command of their monarchs.
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Battlefield medicine, also called field surgery and later combat casualty care, is the treatment of wounded combatants and non-combatants in or near an area of combat.
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Bleeding, technically known as hemorrhaging or haemorrhaging (see American and British spelling differences), is blood escaping from the circulatory system.
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A bomb is one of a range of explosive weapons that rely on only the exothermic reaction of an explosive material to provide an extremely sudden and violent release of energy (an explosive device).
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A bone fracture (sometimes abbreviated FRX or Fx, Fx, or #) is a medical condition in which there is a damage in the continuity of the bone.
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Breathing is the process that moves air in and out of the lungs, or oxygen through other respiratory organs such as gills.
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The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom.
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A burn is a type of injury to flesh or skin caused by heat, electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation.
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Cardiac arrest, also known as cardiopulmonary arrest or circulatory arrest, is a sudden stop in effective blood circulation due to the failure of the heart to contract effectively or at all.
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Cardiac arrhythmia, also known as cardiac dysrhythmia or irregular heartbeat, is a group of conditions in which the heartbeat is irregular, too fast, or too slow.
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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, commonly known as CPR, is an emergency procedure performed in an effort to manually preserve intact brain function until further measures are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a person who is in cardiac arrest.
In vertebrates, cervical vertebrae (singular: vertebra) are those vertebrae immediately below the skull.
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Childbirth, also known as labour, delivery, birth, partus, or parturition, is the culmination of a period of pregnancy with the expulsion of one or more newborn infants from a woman's uterus.
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Choking is the mechanical obstruction of the flow of air from the environment into the lungs.
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The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.
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Classical Greece was a 200-year period in Greek culture lasting from the 5th through 4th centuries BC.
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In medicine, coma (from the Greek κῶμα koma, meaning "deep sleep") is a state of unconsciousness in which a person: cannot be awakened; fails to respond normally to painful stimuli, light, or sound; lacks a normal wake-sleep cycle; and does not initiate voluntary actions.
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Combat medics (also known as medics) are military personnel who have been trained to at least an EMT-Basic level (16 week course in the U.S. Army), and who are responsible for providing first aid and frontline trauma care on the battlefield.
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A combatant is a person who takes a direct part in the hostilities of an armed conflict.
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Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself.
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A cramp is a sudden, severe Varma Koilada, and involuntary muscle contraction or over-shortening; while generally temporary and non-damaging, they can cause mild-to-excruciating pain, and a paralysis-like immobility of the affected muscle(s).
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Decompression sickness (DCS; also known as divers' disease, the bends or caisson disease) describes a condition arising from dissolved gases coming out of solution into bubbles inside the body on depressurisation.
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Defibrillation is a common treatment for life-threatening cardiac dysrhythmias and ventricular fibrillation.
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Diabetic coma is a reversible form of coma found in people with diabetes mellitus.
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Diabetic hypoglycemia is a low blood glucose level occurring in a person with diabetes mellitus.
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A disease is a particular abnormal condition, a disorder of a structure or function, that affects part or all of an organism.
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In materials science, a dislocation is a crystallographic defect, or irregularity, within a crystal structure.
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Beaching a casualty while providing artificial respiration Diver rescue, following an accident, is the process of avoiding or limiting further exposure to diving hazards and bringing a diver to a place of safety.
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Diving disorders, or diving related medical conditions, are conditions associated with underwater diving, and include both conditions unique to underwater diving, and those that also occur during other activities.
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Dominique Jean Larrey (8 July 1766 – 25 July 1842) was a French surgeon in Napoleon's army and an important innovator in battlefield medicine.
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Drowning is defined as respiratory impairment from being in or under a liquid.
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Dysmenorrhea, also known as dysmenorrhoea, painful periods, or menstrual cramps, is pain during menstruation.
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An emergency is a situation that poses an immediate risk to health, life, property, or environment.
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Emergency medicine is a medical specialty involving care for undifferentiated, unscheduled patients with acute illnesses or injuries that require immediate medical attention.
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An epileptic seizure (colloquially a fit) is a brief episode of signs or symptoms due to abnormal excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.
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Epinephrine, also known as adrenaline, is a medication, hormone and neurotransmitter.
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Esmarch bandage (also known as Esmarch's bandage for surgical haemostasis or Esmarch's tourniquet) in its modern form is a narrow (5 to 10cm wide) soft rubber bandage that is used to expel venous blood from a limb (exsanguinate) that has had its arterial supply cut off by a tourniquet.
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Francis Duncan C.B. (1836 – 16 November 1888) was a Royal Artillery officer, lawyer, historian and a Conservative politician.
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The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, lit. German-French War, Guerre franco-allemande, lit. Franco-German War), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871), was a conflict between the Second French Empire and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
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Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch (9 January 1823 – 23 February 1908) was a German surgeon.
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Gastrointestinal bleed (GI bleed), also known as gastrointestinal hemorrhage, is all forms of blood loss from the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the rectum.
Original document, single pages as PDF, 1864 The Geneva Conventions comprise four treaties, and three additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for the humanitarian treatment of war.
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The Glasgow Coma Scale or GCS is a neurological scale that aims to give a reliable, objective way of recording the conscious state of a person for initial as well as subsequent assessment.
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Hair tourniquet is a medical condition where in a hair or other thread becomes tied around a toe or finger tightly, so as to put the digit at risk of damage.
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Heat syncope is fainting or dizziness as a result of overheating (syncope is the medical term for fainting).
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Jean Henri Dunant (8 May 1828 – 30 October 1910) also known as Henry Dunant was the founder of the Red Cross, and the first recipient of Nobel Peace Prize.
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High-altitude cerebral edema (HACE) is a medical condition in which the brain swells with fluid because of the physiological effects of traveling to a high altitude.
High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) (HAPO spelled oedema in British English) is a life-threatening form of non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema (fluid accumulation in the lungs) that occurs in otherwise healthy mountaineers at altitudes typically above.
The Holy Land (Hebrew: אֶרֶץ הַקוֹדֵשׁ, Terra Sancta; Arabic: الأرض المقدسة), is an area roughly located between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea but also includes the Eastern Bank of the Jordan River.
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The visible part of the human nose is the protruding part of the face that bears the nostrils.
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Hyperbaric medicine, also known as hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT), is the medical use of oxygen at a level higher than atmospheric pressure.
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Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar (also spelled hyperglycaemia or hyperglycæmia, not to be confused with the opposite disorder, hypoglycemia) is a condition in which an excessive amount of glucose circulates in the blood plasma.
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Hyperthermia is elevated body temperature due to failed thermoregulation that occurs when a body produces or absorbs more heat than it dissipates.
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Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar or low blood glucose, is when blood sugar decreases to below normal.
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Hypothermia is defined as a body core temperature below.
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Hypoxia (also known as hypoxiation or anoxemia) is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply.
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Injury is damage to the body.
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The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 97 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide which was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.
A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the location at which bones connect.
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A joint dislocation, or luxation, occurs when there is an abnormal separation in the joint, where two or more bones meet.
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The Order of the Knights of Saint John, also known as Order of Saint John, Order of Hospitallers, Knights Hospitaller, and the Hospitallers, were among the most famous of the Roman Catholic military orders during the Middle Ages.
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A layperson (also layman or laywoman) is defined as either a non-ordained member of a church, or a person who is not qualified in a given profession and/or does not have specific knowledge of a certain subject.
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A lifeguard supervises the safety and rescue of swimmers, surfers, and other water sports participants such as in a swimming pool, water park, or beach.
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The Maltese cross, in Italy also known as the Amalfi cross, is the cross symbol associated with the Knights Hospitaller (the Knights of Malta) and by extension with the island of Malta.
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A medical emergency is an acute injury or illness that poses an immediate risk to a person's life or long term health.
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Medical evacuation, often shortened to medevac or medivac, is the timely and efficient movement and en route care provided by medical personnel to wounded being evacuated from a battlefield, to injured patients being evacuated from the scene of an accident to receiving medical facilities, or to patients at a rural hospital requiring urgent care at a better-equipped facility using medically equipped ground vehicles (ambulances) or aircraft (air ambulances).
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Mental health first aid has been defined as "the help offered to a person developing a mental health problem, experiencing a worsening of an existing mental health problem or in a mental health crisis.
A mnemonic (RpE:, AmE: the first "m" is silent), mnemonic device, or memory device is any learning technique that aids information retention in the human memory.
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In biological anatomy, commonly referred to as the mouth, under formal names such as the oral cavity, buccal cavity, or in Latin cavum oris, is the opening through which many animals take in food and issue vocal sounds.
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Myocardial infarction (MI) or acute myocardial infarction (AMI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow stops to a part of the heart causing damage to the heart muscle.
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Napoléon Bonaparte (born Napoleone di Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars.
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Non-combatant is a term of art in the law of war and international humanitarian law, describing civilians who are not taking a direct part in hostilities; persons—such as combat medics and military chaplains—who are members of the belligerent armed forces but are protected because of their specific duties (as currently described in Protocol I of the Geneva Conventions, adopted in June 1977); combatants who are placed hors de combat; and neutral nationals (including military personnel) who are not fighting for one of the belligerents involved in an armed conflict.
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An occlusive dressing is an air- and water-tight trauma dressing used in first aid.
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The Order of Malta Ambulance Corps is a voluntary ambulance and first aid organisation operating in Ireland.
The Order of St John, formally the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem (l'ordre très vénérable de l'Hôpital de Saint-Jean de Jérusalem) and also known as St John International, is a royal order of chivalry first constituted as such by royal charter from Queen Victoria in 1888.
Osteomyelitis (or OM) is infection and inflammation of the bone or bone marrow.
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Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
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Oxygen therapy is the administration of oxygen as a medical intervention, which can be for a variety of purposes in both chronic and acute patient care.
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The parable of the Good Samaritan is a parable told by Jesus and is mentioned in only one of the gospels of the New Testament.
Peter Shepherd (25 August 1841 – 22 January 1879) was a British Army doctor.
The pharynx (plural: pharynges) is an organ found in vertebrates and invertebrates, though the structure is not universally the same across the species.
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A pneumothorax (pneumo- + thorax; plural pneumothoraces) is an abnormal collection of air or gas in the pleural space that causes an uncoupling of the lung from the chest wall.
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In biology, poisons are substances which cause disturbances to organisms, usually by chemical reaction or other activity on the molecular scale, when a sufficient quantity is absorbed by an organism.
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Prussia (Prusy) was a historic state originating out of the Duchy of Prussia and the Margraviate of Brandenburg, and centered on the region of Prussia.
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In medicine, a pulse represents the tactile arterial palpation of the heartbeat by trained fingertips.
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The recovery position refers to one of a series of variations on a lateral recumbent or three-quarters prone position of the body, in to which an unconscious but breathing casualty can be placed as part of first aid treatment.
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In humans, the respiratory tract is the part of the anatomy involved with the process of respiration.
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The Roman army (Latin: exercitus Romanus, literally: Roman Army; Ancient Greek: στρατός/φοσσᾶτον Ῥωμαίων, transcription: stratos/fossaton Romaion) is a term encompassing the terrestrial armed forces deployed by the Roman Kingdom (to c. 500 BC), the Roman Republic (500–31 BC), the Roman Empire (31 BC – 395/476 AD) and its successor the East Roman or Byzantine Empire.
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The Royal Humane Society is a British charity which promotes lifesaving intervention.
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A sailor, seaman, mariner, or seafarer is a person who navigates waterborne vessels or assists as a crewmember in their operation and maintenance.
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Scuba diving is a mode of underwater diving in which a diver uses a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (scuba) to breathe underwater.
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Circulatory shock, commonly known as shock, is a life-threatening medical condition of low blood perfusion to tissues resulting in cellular injury and inadequate tissue function.
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A splint is a device used for support or immobilization of a limb or the spine.
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A sprain, also known as a torn ligament, is damage to one or more ligaments in a joint, often caused by trauma or the joint being taken beyond its functional range of motion.
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St John Ambulance, branded as St John in some territories, is a common name used by a number of affiliated organisations in different countries dedicated to the teaching and practice of medical first aid and the provision of ambulance services, all of which derive their origins from the St John Ambulance Association founded in 1877 in the United Kingdom.
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The Star of Life is a blue, six-pointed star, outlined with a white border which features the rod of Asclepius in the center, originally designed and governed by the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) (under the United States Department of Transportation, DOT).
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A strain is an injury to a muscle in which the muscle fibers tear as a result of overstretching.
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Stroke, also known as cerebrovascular accident (CVA), cerebrovascular insult (CVI), or brain attack, is when poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
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Testicular torsion occurs when the spermatic cord (from which the testicle is suspended) twists, cutting off the testicle's blood supply, a condition called ischemia.
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Toothache (also termed dental pain,Segen JC. (2002) McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. odontalgia, dentalgia, odontodynia, or odontogenic pain), is pain in the teeth and/or their supporting structures, caused by dental diseases or pain referred to the teeth by non-dental diseases.
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The United States Navy Experimental Diving Unit (NEDU or NAVXDIVINGU) is the primary source of diving and hyperbaric operational guidance for the US Navy.
War is a state of armed conflict between societies.
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William Hawes (1785 – 18 February 1846), English musician, was born in London, and was for eight years (1793–1801) a chorister of the Chapel Royal, where he studied music chiefly under Dr Ayrton.
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A wound is a type of injury which happens relatively quickly in which skin is torn, cut, or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound).
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