123 relations: ABC (medicine), Abdominal thrusts, Abrasion (medical), Adrenaline, Agonal respiration, Airway obstruction, Allergen, Altitude sickness, Ambulance, Amsterdam, Anaphylaxis, Animal bite, Artificial ventilation, Asphyxia, Automated external defibrillator, Avulsion injury, Bandage, Basic airway management, Battle, Battle of Solferino, Battlefield medicine, Bleeding, Bomb, Bone fracture, Breathing, British Empire, Burn, Cardiac arrest, Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, Cervical vertebrae, Childbirth, Choking, Circulatory system, Classical Greece, Coma, Combat medic, Combatant, Consciousness, Cramp, Decompression sickness, Defibrillation, Diabetic coma, Diabetic hypoglycemia, Disease, Dislocation, Diver rescue, Diving disorders, Dominique Jean Larrey, Drowning, Dysmenorrhea, ..., Emergency, Emergency medicine, Epileptic seizure, Esmarch bandage, Francis Duncan, Franco-Prussian War, Friedrich von Esmarch, Gastrointestinal bleeding, Geneva Conventions, Glasgow Coma Scale, Hair tourniquet, Heart arrhythmia, Heat syncope, Henry Dunant, High-altitude cerebral edema, High-altitude pulmonary edema, Holy Land, Human nose, Hyperbaric medicine, Hyperglycemia, Hyperthermia, Hypoglycemia, Hypothermia, Hypoxia (medical), Injury, International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, Joint, Joint dislocation, Kingdom of Prussia, Knights Hospitaller, Laity, Lifeguard, Maltese cross, Medical emergency, Medical evacuation, Mental health first aid, Mnemonic, Mouth, Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, Myocardial infarction, Napoleon, Non-combatant, Occlusive dressing, Order of Malta Ambulance Corps, Order of Saint John (chartered 1888), Osteomyelitis, Oxygen, Oxygen therapy, Parable of the Good Samaritan, Peter Shepherd (British Army officer), Pharynx, Pneumothorax, Poison, Pulse, Recovery position, Respiratory tract, Roman army, Royal Humane Society, Sailor, Scuba diving, Shock (circulatory), Splint (medicine), Sprain, St John Ambulance, Star of Life, Strain (injury), Stroke, Testicular torsion, Toothache, United States Navy Experimental Diving Unit, War, William Hawes, Wound. Expand index (73 more) » « Shrink index
ABC and its variations are initialism mnemonics for essential steps used by both medical professionals and lay persons (such as first aiders) when dealing with a patient.
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Abdominal thrusts (also called the Heimlich maneuver or Heimlich manoeuvre) is a first aid procedure used to treat upper airway obstructions (or choking) by foreign objects.
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An abrasion is a wound caused by superficial damage to the skin, no deeper than the epidermis.
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Adrenaline, also known as adrenalin or epinephrine, is a hormone, neurotransmitter, and medication.
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Agonal respiration, gasping respiration or agonal breathing is an abnormal pattern of breathing and brainstem reflex characterized by gasping, labored breathing, accompanied by strange vocalizations and myoclonus.
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Airway obstruction is a blockage of respiration in the airway.
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An allergen is a type of antigen that produces an abnormally vigorous immune response in which the immune system fights off a perceived threat that would otherwise be harmless to the body.
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Altitude sickness, also known as acute mountain sickness (AMS), is a negative health effect of high altitude, caused by acute exposure to low amounts of oxygen at high altitude.
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An ambulance is a vehicle for transportation, from or between places of treatment, and in some instances will also provide out of hospital medical care to the patient.
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Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
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Anaphylaxis is a serious allergic reaction that is rapid in onset and may cause death.
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An animal bite is a wound, usually a puncture or laceration, caused by the teeth.
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Artificial ventilation, (also called artificial respiration) is any means of assisting or stimulating respiration, a metabolic process referring to the overall exchange of gases in the body by pulmonary ventilation, external respiration, and internal respiration.
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Asphyxia or asphyxiation is a condition of severely deficient supply of oxygen to the body that arises from abnormal breathing.
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An automated external defibrillator (AED) is a portable electronic device that automatically diagnoses the life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias of ventricular fibrillation and pulseless ventricular tachycardia, and is able to treat them through defibrillation, the application of electricity which stops the arrhythmia, allowing the heart to reestablish an effective rhythm.
In medicine, an avulsion is an injury in which a body structure is forcibly detached from its normal point of insertion by either trauma or surgery (from the Latin avellere, meaning "to tear off").
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A bandage is a piece of material used either to support a medical device such as a dressing or splint, or on its own to provide support to or to restrict the movement of a part of the body.
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Basic airway management are a set of medical procedures performed in order to prevent airway obstruction and thus ensuring an open pathway between a patient’s lungs and the outside world.
A battle is a combat in warfare between two or more armed forces, or combatants.
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The Battle of Solferino (referred to in Italy as the Battle of Solferino and San Martino) on 24 June 1859 resulted in the victory of the allied French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II (together known as the Franco-Sardinian Alliance) against the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I. It was the last major battle in world history where all the armies were under the personal command of their monarchs.
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Battlefield medicine, also called field surgery and later combat casualty care, is the treatment of wounded combatants and non-combatants in or near an area of combat.
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Bleeding, also known as hemorrhaging or haemorrhaging, is blood escaping from the circulatory system.
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A bomb is an explosive weapon that uses the exothermic reaction of an explosive material to provide an extremely sudden and violent release of energy.
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A bone fracture (sometimes abbreviated FRX or Fx, Fx, or #) is a medical condition in which there is a partial or complete break in the continuity of the bone.
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Breathing (or respiration, or ventilation) is the process of moving air into and out of the lungs to facilitate gas exchange with the internal environment, mostly by bringing in oxygen and flushing out carbon dioxide.
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The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.
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A burn is a type of injury to skin, or other tissues, caused by heat, cold, electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation.
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Cardiac arrest is a sudden loss of blood flow resulting from the failure of the heart to effectively pump.
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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure that combines chest compressions often with artificial ventilation in an effort to manually preserve intact brain function until further measures are taken to restore spontaneous blood circulation and breathing in a person who is in cardiac arrest.
In vertebrates, cervical vertebrae (singular: vertebra) are the vertebrae of the neck, immediately below the skull.
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Childbirth, also known as labour and delivery, is the ending of a pregnancy by one or more babies leaving a woman's uterus by vaginal passage or C-section.
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Choking (also known as foreign body airway obstruction) is a life-threatening medical emergency characterized by the blockage of air passage into the lungs secondary to the inhalation or ingestion of food or another object.
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The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.
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Classical Greece was a period of around 200 years (5th and 4th centuries BC) in Greek culture.
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Coma is a state of unconsciousness in which a person cannot be awaken; fails to respond normally to painful stimuli, light, or sound; lacks a normal wake-sleep cycle; and does not initiate voluntary actions.
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Combat medics or field medics (or medics) are military personnel who have been trained to at least an EMT-B level (16-week course in the U.S. Army), and are responsible for providing first aid and frontline trauma care on the battlefield.
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Combatant is a term of art which describes the legal status of an individual who has the right to engage in hostilities during an international armed conflict.
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Consciousness is the state or quality of awareness, or, of being aware of an external object or something within oneself.
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A cramp is a sudden, involuntary muscle contraction or over-shortening; while generally temporary and non-damaging, they can cause significant pain, and a paralysis-like immobility of the affected muscle.
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Decompression sickness (DCS; also known as divers' disease, the bends, aerobullosis, or caisson disease) describes a condition arising from dissolved gases coming out of solution into bubbles inside the body on depressurisation.
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Defibrillation is a treatment for life-threatening cardiac dysrhythmias, specifically ventricular fibrillation (VF) and non-perfusing ventricular tachycardia (VT).
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Diabetic coma is a reversible form of coma found in people with diabetes mellitus.
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Diabetic hypoglycemia is a low blood glucose level occurring in a person with diabetes mellitus.
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A disease is any condition which results in the disorder of a structure or function in an organism that is not due to any external injury.
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In materials science, a dislocation or Taylor's dislocation is a crystallographic defect or irregularity within a crystal structure.
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Beaching a casualty while providing artificial respiration Diver rescue, following an accident, is the process of avoiding or limiting further exposure to diving hazards and bringing a diver to a place of safety.
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Diving disorders, or diving related medical conditions, are conditions associated with underwater diving, and include both conditions unique to underwater diving, and those that also occur during other activities.
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Dominique Jean Larrey (8 July 1766 – 25 July 1842) was a French surgeon in Napoleon's Grande Armée and an important innovator in battlefield medicine and triage.
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Drowning is defined as respiratory impairment from being in or under a liquid.
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Dysmenorrhea, also known as painful periods, or menstrual cramps, is pain during menstruation.
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An emergency is a situation that poses an immediate risk to health, life, property, or environment.
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Emergency medicine, also known as accident and emergency medicine, is the medical specialty concerned with caring for undifferentiated, unscheduled patients with illnesses or injuries requiring immediate medical attention.
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An epileptic seizure is a brief episode of signs or symptoms due to abnormally excessive or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain.
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Esmarch bandage (also known as Esmarch's bandage for surgical haemostasis or Esmarch's tourniquet) in its modern form is a narrow (5 to 10 cm wide) soft rubber bandage that is used to expel venous blood from a limb (exsanguinate) that has had its arterial supply cut off by a tourniquet.
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Francis Duncan C.B. (1836 – 16 November 1888) was a Royal Artillery officer, lawyer, historian and Conservative politician.
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The Franco-Prussian War or Franco-German War (Deutsch-Französischer Krieg, Guerre franco-allemande), often referred to in France as the War of 1870 (19 July 1871) or in Germany as 70/71, was a conflict between the Second French Empire of Napoleon III and the German states of the North German Confederation led by the Kingdom of Prussia.
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Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch (9 January 1823 – 23 February 1908) was a German surgeon.
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Gastrointestinal bleeding (GI bleed), also known as gastrointestinal hemorrhage, is all forms of bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the rectum.
Original document as PDF in single pages, 1864 The Geneva Conventions comprise four treaties, and three additional protocols, that establish the standards of international law for humanitarian treatment in war.
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The Glasgow coma scale (GCS) is a neurological scale which aims to give a reliable and objective way of recording the conscious state of a person for initial as well as subsequent assessment.
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Hair tourniquet is a medical condition wherein a hair or other thread becomes tied around a toe or finger tightly, so as to put the digit at risk of damage.
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Heart arrhythmia (also known as arrhythmia, dysrhythmia, or irregular heartbeat) is a group of conditions in which the heartbeat is irregular, too fast, or too slow.
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Heat syncope is fainting or dizziness as a result of overheating (syncope is the medical term for fainting).
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Henry Dunant (born Jean-Henri Dunant; 8 May 1828 – 30 October 1910), also known as Henri Dunant, was a Swiss businessman and social activist, the founder of the Red Cross, and the first recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
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High-altitude cerebral edema (HACE) is a medical condition in which the brain swells with fluid because of the physiological effects of traveling to a high altitude.
High-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) (HAPO spelled oedema in British English) is a life-threatening form of non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema (fluid accumulation in the lungs) that occurs in otherwise healthy mountaineers at altitudes typically above.
The Holy Land (Hebrew: אֶרֶץ הַקּוֹדֶשׁ, Terra Sancta; Arabic: الأرض المقدسة) is an area roughly located between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea that also includes the Eastern Bank of the Jordan River.
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The human nose is the protruding part of the face that bears the nostrils.
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Hyperbaric medicine is medical treatment in which an ambient pressure greater than sea level atmospheric pressure is a necessary component.
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Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar (also spelled hyperglycaemia or hyperglycæmia) is a condition in which an excessive amount of glucose circulates in the blood plasma.
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Hyperthermia is elevated body temperature due to failed thermoregulation that occurs when a body produces or absorbs more heat than it dissipates.
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Hypoglycemia, also known as low blood sugar, is when blood sugar decreases to below normal levels.
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Hypothermia is reduced body temperature that happens when a body dissipates more heat than it absorbs.
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Hypoxia is a condition in which the body or a region of the body is deprived of adequate oxygen supply at the tissue level.
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Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.
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The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement is an international humanitarian movement with approximately 17 million volunteers, members and staff worldwide which was founded to protect human life and health, to ensure respect for all human beings, and to prevent and alleviate human suffering.
A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the connection made between bones in the body which link the skeletal system into a functional whole.
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A joint dislocation, also called luxation, occurs when there is an abnormal separation in the joint, where two or more bones meet.
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The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
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The Order of Knights of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem (Ordo Fratrum Hospitalis Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani), also known as the Order of Saint John, Order of Hospitallers, Knights Hospitaller, Knights Hospitalier or Hospitallers, was a medieval Catholic military order.
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A layperson (also layman or laywoman) is a person who is not qualified in a given profession and/or does not have specific knowledge of a certain subject.
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A lifeguard is a rescuer who supervises the safety and rescue of swimmers, surfers, and other water sports participants such as in a swimming pool, water park, beach or river.
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The Maltese cross is the cross symbol associated with the Order of St. John since 1567, with the Knights Hospitaller and the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, and by extension with the island of Malta.
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A medical emergency is an acute injury or illness that poses an immediate risk to a person's life or long-term health.
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Medical evacuation, often shortened to medevac or medivac, is the timely and efficient movement and en route care provided by medical personnel to wounded being evacuated from a battlefield, to injured patients being evacuated from the scene of an accident to receiving medical facilities, or to patients at a rural hospital requiring urgent care at a better-equipped facility using medically equipped ground vehicles (ambulances) or aircraft (air ambulances).
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Mental Health First Aid is a training program that teaches members of the public how to help a person developing a mental health problem (including a substance use problem), experiencing a worsening of an existing mental health problem or in a mental health crisis.
A mnemonic (the first "m" is silent) device, or memory device, is any learning technique that aids information retention or retrieval (remembering) in the human memory.
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In animal anatomy, the mouth, also known as the oral cavity, buccal cavity, or in Latin cavum oris, is the opening through which many animals take in food and issue vocal sounds.
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Mouth-to-mouth resuscitation, a form of artificial ventilation, is the act of assisting or stimulating respiration, a metabolic process referring to the overall exchange of gases in the body, where a rescuer presses his or her mouth against that of the victim and blows air into the person's lungs.
Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.
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Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
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Non-combatant is a term of art in the law of war and international humanitarian law, describing civilians who are not taking a direct part in hostilities; persons—such as combat medics and military chaplains—who are members of the belligerent armed forces but are protected because of their specific duties (as currently described in Protocol I of the Geneva Conventions, adopted in June 1977); combatants who are placed hors de combat; and neutral nationals (including military personnel) who are not fighting for one of the belligerents involved in an armed conflict.
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An occlusive dressing is an air- and water-tight trauma medical dressing used in first aid.
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The Order of Malta Ireland – Ambulance Corps is a voluntary ambulance and first aid organisation operating in Ireland in affiliation with the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, founded in 1938.
The Order of St John, formally the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem (l'ordre très vénérable de l'Hôpital de Saint-Jean de Jérusalem) and also known as St John International, is a British royal order of chivalry first constituted in 1888 by royal charter from Queen Victoria.
Osteomyelitis (OM) is an infection of bone.
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Oxygen is a chemical element with symbol O and atomic number 8.
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Oxygen therapy, also known as supplemental oxygen, is the use of oxygen as a medical treatment.
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The parable of the Good Samaritan is a parable told by Jesus in the Gospel of Luke It is about a traveler who is stripped of clothing, beaten, and left half dead alongside the road.
Peter Shepherd (25 August 1841 – 22 January 1879) was a British Army doctor.
The pharynx (plural: pharynges) is the part of the throat that is behind the mouth and nasal cavity and above the esophagus and the larynx, or the tubes going down to the stomach and the lungs.
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A pneumothorax is an abnormal collection of air in the pleural space between the lung and the chest wall.
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In biology, poisons are substances that cause disturbances in organisms, usually by chemical reaction or other activity on the molecular scale, when an organism absorbs a sufficient quantity.
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In medicine, a pulse represents the tactile arterial palpation of the heartbeat by trained fingertips.
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The recovery position refers to one of a series of variations on a lateral recumbent or three-quarters prone position of the body, in to which an unconscious but breathing casualty can be placed as part of first aid treatment.
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In humans, the respiratory tract is the part of the anatomy of the respiratory system involved with the process of respiration.
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The Roman army (Latin: exercitus Romanus) is a term that can in general be applied to the terrestrial armed forces deployed by the Romans throughout the duration of Ancient Rome, from the Roman Kingdom (to c. 500 BC) to the Roman Republic (500–31 BC) and the Roman Empire (31 BC – 395), and its medieval continuation the Eastern Roman Empire.
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The Royal Humane Society is a British charity which promotes lifesaving intervention.
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A sailor, seaman, mariner, or seafarer is a person who navigates waterborne vessels or assists as a crewmember in their operation and maintenance.
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Scuba diving is a mode of underwater diving where the diver uses a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus (scuba) which is completely independent of surface supply, to breathe underwater.
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Shock is the state of low blood perfusion to tissues resulting in cellular injury and inadequate tissue function.
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A splint is a device used for support or immobilization of a limb or the spine.
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A sprain, also known as a torn ligament, is damage to one or more ligaments in a joint, often caused by trauma or the joint being taken beyond its functional range of motion.
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St John Ambulance is a trade name used by a number of affiliated organisations in different countries, counties, states or provinces dedicated to the teaching and practice of medical first aid and the provision of ambulance and community volunteer services, all of which derive their origins from the St John Ambulance Association founded in 1877 in the United Kingdom.
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The Star of Life is a blue, six-pointed star, outlined with a white border which features the rod of Asclepius in the center, originally designed and governed by the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) under the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Transportation, DOT). Traditionally in the United States the logo was used as a stamp of authentication or certification for ambulances, paramedics or other EMS personnel. Internationally, it is a symbol that represents emergency medical services units and personnel.
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A strain (also known colloquially as a pulled muscle or torn muscle) is an acute or chronic soft tissue injury that occurs to a muscle, tendon, or both (contractile components).
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A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death.
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Testicular torsion occurs when the spermatic cord (from which the testicle is suspended) twists, cutting off the testicle's blood supply.
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Toothache, also known as dental pain,Segen JC.
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The United States Navy Experimental Diving Unit (NEDU or NAVXDIVINGU) is the primary source of diving and hyperbaric operational guidance for the US Navy.
War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.
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William Hawes (1785 – 18 February 1846) was an English musician.
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A wound is a type of injury which happens relatively quickly in which skin is torn, cut, or punctured (an open wound), or where blunt force trauma causes a contusion (a closed wound).
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