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First language

Index First language

A first language, native language or mother/father/parent tongue (also known as arterial language or L1) is a language that a person has been exposed to from birth or within the critical period. [1]

34 relations: British Empire, Catholic Church, Child of deaf adult, Critical period hypothesis, English and Welsh, Ethnic group, Father Tongue hypothesis, Genetic memory (biology), Heritage language, Human Speechome Project, India, International Mother Language Day, Ivan Illich, J. R. R. Tolkien, Kenya, Language, Language acquisition, Language attrition, Languages of Indonesia, Languages of South Africa, Latin, Lingua franca, List of languages by number of native speakers, Malaysia, Middle English, Multilingualism, Philippines, Second language, Simultaneous bilingualism, Singapore, Statistical learning in language acquisition, Statistics Canada, Third culture kid, West Midlands (region).

British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

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Catholic Church

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with more than 1.299 billion members worldwide.

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Child of deaf adult

A child of deaf adult, often known by the acronym "coda", is a person who was raised by one or more deaf parents or guardians.

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Critical period hypothesis

The critical period hypothesis is the subject of a long-standing debate in linguistics and language acquisition over the extent to which the ability to acquire language is biologically linked to age.

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English and Welsh

English and Welsh is the title of J. R. R. Tolkien's inaugural O'Donnell Memorial Lecture of October 21, 1955.

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Ethnic group

An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.

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Father Tongue hypothesis

The Father Tongue hypothesis proposes that humans tend to speak their fathers' language.

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Genetic memory (biology)

In biology, memory is present if the state of a biological system depends on its history in addition to present conditions.

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Heritage language

A heritage language is a minority language learnt by its speakers at home as children, but it is never fully developed because its speakers grow up with a dominant language in which they become more competent.

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Human Speechome Project

The Human Speechome Project, (speechome to rhyme with "genome"), is an effort to closely observe and model the language acquisition of a child over the first three years of life.

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India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.

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International Mother Language Day

International Mother Language Day (IMLD) is a worldwide annual observance held on 21 February to promote awareness of linguistic and cultural diversity and promote multilingualism.

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Ivan Illich

Ivan Illich (4 September 1926 – 2 December 2002) was a Croatian-Austrian philosopher, Roman Catholic priest, and critic of the institutions of modern Western culture, who addressed contemporary practices in education, medicine, work, energy use, transportation, and economic development.

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J. R. R. Tolkien

John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, (Tolkien pronounced his surname, see his phonetic transcription published on the illustration in The Return of the Shadow: The History of The Lord of the Rings, Part One. Christopher Tolkien. London: Unwin Hyman, 1988. (The History of Middle-earth; 6). In General American the surname is also pronounced. This pronunciation no doubt arose by analogy with such words as toll and polka, or because speakers of General American realise as, while often hearing British as; thus or General American become the closest possible approximation to the Received Pronunciation for many American speakers. Wells, John. 1990. Longman pronunciation dictionary. Harlow: Longman, 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor who is best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.

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Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a country in Africa with its capital and largest city in Nairobi.

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Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.

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Language acquisition

Language acquisition is the process by which humans acquire the capacity to perceive and comprehend language, as well as to produce and use words and sentences to communicate.

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Language attrition

Language attrition is the process of losing a native, or first, language.

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Languages of Indonesia

More than 700 living languages are spoken in Indonesia.

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Languages of South Africa

There are eleven official languages of South Africa: Afrikaans, English, Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sotho, SiSwati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa and Zulu.

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Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.

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Lingua franca

A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vernacular language, or link language is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when it is a third language that is distinct from both native languages.

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List of languages by number of native speakers

This article ranks human languages by their number of native speakers.

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Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.

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Middle English

Middle English (ME) is collectively the varieties of the English language spoken after the Norman Conquest (1066) until the late 15th century; scholarly opinion varies but the Oxford English Dictionary specifies the period of 1150 to 1500.

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Multilingualism is the use of more than one language, either by an individual speaker or by a community of speakers.

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The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.

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Second language

A person's second language or L2, is a language that is not the native language of the speaker, but that is used in the locale of that person.

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Simultaneous bilingualism

Simultaneous bilingualism is a form of bilingualism that takes place when a child becomes bilingual by learning two languages from birth.

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Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.

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Statistical learning in language acquisition

Statistical learning is the ability for humans and other animals to extract statistical regularities from the world around them to learn about the environment.

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Statistics Canada

Statistics Canada (Statistique Canada), formed in 1971, is the Government of Canada government agency commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture.

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Third culture kid

Third culture kid (TCK) refers individuals whose raised in a culture other than their parents' or the culture of the country named on their passport (where they are legally considered native) for a significant part of their early development years.

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West Midlands (region)

The West Midlands is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.

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Arterial Language, Arterial tongue, Father language, Father tongue, First languages, First-language, Home language, Idiomatic language, Mother language, Mother tongue, Mother tongues, Mother tounge, Mother-tongue, Mothertongue, Native Language, Native langauge, Native language, Native speaker, Native speakers, Native tongue, Native-speaker, Primary language.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_language

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