90 relations: Agriculture, Alaska, Amphibian, Anchovy, Aquaculture, Aquatic animal, Aquatic ecosystem, Aquatic plant, Artisanal fishing, Atlantic cod, Biologist, Biology, Charles, Prince of Wales, China, Coast, Cod, Commercial fishing, Crab, Crayfish, Crocodile, Crustacean, Cuttlefish, Daniel Pauly, Echinoderm, Fin, Fish, Fish farming, Fish stock, Fisheries management, Fisheries science, Fisherman, Fishes of the World, Flounder, Food and Agriculture Organization, Fresh water, Gill, Herring, Hippopotamus, Jellyfish, John Wiley & Sons, Kelp, Limb (anatomy), List of commercially important fish species, Lobster, Lofoten, Marine invertebrates, Mollusca, Mullet (fish), National Academy of Sciences, National Fish Habitat Partnership, ..., National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Natural history, Nutrient, Ocean, Ocean fisheries, Overfishing, Oyster, Oyster farming, Pacific Ocean, Pinniped, Population dynamics of fisheries, Recreational fishing, Regional fisheries management organisation, Salmon, Sardine, Scallop, Sea, Sea Fish Industry Authority, Seamount, Seawater, Shellfish, Shrimp, Shrimp farming, Southwest Alaska, Squid, Starfish, Surface runoff, Sustainable fishery, Tailrace fishing, Tanka people, Tonne, Tuna, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Upwelling, Vertebral column, Whale, Wild fisheries, Wildlife, 1,000,000, 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference. Expand index (40 more) » « Shrink index
Agriculture is the cultivation of land and breeding of animals and plants to provide food, fiber, medicinal plants and other products to sustain and enhance life.
Alaska (Alax̂sxax̂) is a U.S. state located in the northwest extremity of North America.
Amphibians are ectothermic, tetrapod vertebrates of the class Amphibia.
An anchovy is a small, common forage fish of the family Engraulidae.
Aquaculture (less commonly spelled aquiculture), also known as aquafarming, is the farming of fish, crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic plants, algae, and other organisms.
A aquatic animal is an animal, either vertebrate or invertebrate, which lives in the water for most or all of its lifetime.
An aquatic ecosystem is an ecosystem in a body of water.
Aquatic plants are plants that have adapted to living in aquatic environments (saltwater or freshwater).
Artisanal fishing (or traditional/subsistence fishing) are various small-scale, low-technology, low-capital, fishing practices undertaken by individual fishing households (as opposed to commercial companies).
The Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) is a benthopelagic fish of the family Gadidae, widely consumed by humans.
A biologist, is a scientist who has specialized knowledge in the field of biology, the scientific study of life.
Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical composition, function, development and evolution.
Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles Philip Arthur George; born 14 November 1948) is the heir apparent to the British throne as the eldest child of Queen Elizabeth II.
China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary one-party sovereign state in East Asia and the world's most populous country, with a population of around /1e9 round 3 billion.
A coastline or a seashore is the area where land meets the sea or ocean, or a line that forms the boundary between the land and the ocean or a lake.
Cod is the common name for the demersal fish genus Gadus, belonging to the family Gadidae.
Commercial fishing is the activity of catching fish and other seafood for commercial profit, mostly from wild fisheries.
Crabs are decapod crustaceans of the infraorder Brachyura, which typically have a very short projecting "tail" (abdomen) (translit.
Crayfish, also known as crawfish, crawdads, crawldads, freshwater lobsters, mountain lobsters, mudbugs or yabbies, are freshwater crustaceans resembling small lobsters, to which they are related; taxonomically, they are members of the superfamilies Astacoidea and Parastacoidea.
Crocodiles (subfamily Crocodylinae) or true crocodiles are large aquatic reptiles that live throughout the tropics in Africa, Asia, the Americas and Australia.
Crustaceans (Crustacea) form a large, diverse arthropod taxon which includes such familiar animals as crabs, lobsters, crayfish, shrimp, krill, woodlice, and barnacles.
Cuttlefish or cuttles are marine animals of the order Sepiida. They belong to the class Cephalopoda, which also includes squid, octopuses, and nautiluses. Cuttlefish have a unique internal shell, the cuttlebone. Despite their name, cuttlefish are not fish but molluscs. Cuttlefish have large, W-shaped pupils, eight arms, and two tentacles furnished with denticulated suckers, with which they secure their prey. They generally range in size from, with the largest species, Sepia apama, reaching in mantle length and over in mass. Cuttlefish eat small molluscs, crabs, shrimp, fish, octopus, worms, and other cuttlefish. Their predators include dolphins, sharks, fish, seals, seabirds, and other cuttlefish. The average life expectancy of a cuttlefish is about one to two years. Recent studies indicate cuttlefish are among the most intelligent invertebrates. (television program) NOVA, PBS, April 3, 2007. Cuttlefish also have one of the largest brain-to-body size ratios of all invertebrates. The 'cuttle' in 'cuttlefish' comes from the Old English name for the species, cudele, which may be cognate with the Old Norse koddi ('cushion') and the Middle Low German Kudel ('rag'). The Greco-Roman world valued the cuttlefish as a source of the unique brown pigment the creature releases from its siphon when it is alarmed. The word for it in both Greek and Latin, sepia, now refers to the reddish-brown color sepia in English.
Daniel Pauly is a French-born marine biologist, well known for his work in studying human impacts on global fisheries.
Echinoderm is the common name given to any member of the phylum Echinodermata (from Ancient Greek, ἐχῖνος, echinos – "hedgehog" and δέρμα, derma – "skin") of marine animals.
A fin is a thin component or appendage attached to a larger body or structure.
Fish are gill-bearing aquatic craniate animals that lack limbs with digits.
Fish farming or pisciculture involves raising fish commercially in tanks or enclosures such as fish ponds, usually for food.
Fish stocks are subpopulations of a particular species of fish, for which intrinsic parameters (growth, recruitment, mortality and fishing mortality) are traditionally regarded as the significant factors determining the stock's population dynamics, while extrinsic factors (immigration and emigration) are traditionally ignored.
Fisheries management is the activity of protecting fishery resources so sustainable exploitation is possible, drawing on fisheries science, and including the precautionary principle.
Fisheries science is the academic discipline of managing and understanding fisheries.
A fisherman or fisher is someone who captures fish and other animals from a body of water, or gathers shellfish.
Fishes of the World by Joseph S. Nelson is a standard reference for fish systematics.
Flounders are a group of flatfish species.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture, Organizzazione delle Nazioni Unite per l'Alimentazione e l'Agricoltura) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
Fresh water (or freshwater) is any naturally occurring water except seawater and brackish water.
A gill is a respiratory organ found in many aquatic organisms that extracts dissolved oxygen from water and excretes carbon dioxide.
Herring are forage fish, mostly belonging to the family Clupeidae.
The common hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), or hippo, is a large, mostly herbivorous, semiaquatic mammal native to sub-Saharan Africa, and one of only two extant species in the family Hippopotamidae, the other being the pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis or Hexaprotodon liberiensis).
Jellyfish or sea jelly is the informal common name given to the medusa-phase of certain gelatinous members of the subphylum Medusozoa, a major part of the phylum Cnidaria.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
Kelps are large brown algae seaweeds that make up the order Laminariales.
A limb (from the Old English lim), or extremity, is a jointed, or prehensile (as octopus arms or new world monkey tails), appendage of the human or other animal body.
This is a list of aquatic animals that are harvested commercially in the greatest amounts, listed in order of tonnage per year (2012) by the Food and Agriculture Organization.
Lobsters comprise a family (Nephropidae, sometimes also Homaridae) of large marine crustaceans.
Lofoten is an archipelago and a traditional district in the county of Nordland, Norway.
Marine invertebrates are the invertebrates that live in marine habitats.
Mollusca is a large phylum of invertebrate animals whose members are known as molluscs or mollusksThe formerly dominant spelling mollusk is still used in the U.S. — see the reasons given in Gary Rosenberg's.
The mullets or grey mullets are a family (Mugilidae) of ray-finned fish found worldwide in coastal temperate and tropical waters, and some species in fresh water.
The National Academy of Sciences (NAS) is a United States nonprofit, non-governmental organization.
The National Fish Habitat Partnership (NFHP) is an attempt to conserve (protect, restore, enhance) freshwater, estuarine and marine waterways and fisheries in the United States.
The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA; pronounced, like "Noah") is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, and the atmosphere.
Natural history is a domain of inquiry involving organisms including animals, fungi and plants in their environment; leaning more towards observational than experimental methods of study.
A nutrient is a substance used by an organism to survive, grow, and reproduce.
An ocean (the sea of classical antiquity) is a body of saline water that composes much of a planet's hydrosphere.
A fishery is an area with an associated fish or aquatic population which is harvested for its commercial value.
Overfishing is the removal of a species of fish from a body of water at a rate that the species cannot replenish in time, resulting in those species either becoming depleted or very underpopulated in that given area.
Oyster is the common name for a number of different families of salt-water bivalve molluscs that live in marine or brackish habitats.
Oyster farming is an aquaculture (or mariculture) practice in which oysters are raised for human consumption.
The Pacific Ocean is the largest and deepest of Earth's oceanic divisions.
Pinnipeds, commonly known as seals, are a widely distributed and diverse clade of carnivorous, fin-footed, semiaquatic marine mammals.
A fishery is an area with an associated fish or aquatic population which is harvested for its commercial or recreational value.
Recreational fishing, also called sport fishing, is fishing for pleasure or competition.
A regional fisheries management organisation (RFMO), sometimes called regional fisheries organisation (RFO), or regional fishery body (RFB) is a type of international organization that is dedicated to the sustainable management of fishery resources in a particular region of international waters, or of highly migratory species.
Salmon is the common name for several species of ray-finned fish in the family Salmonidae.
"Sardine" and "pilchard" are common names used to refer to various small, oily fish in the herring family Clupeidae.
Scallop is a common name that is primarily applied to any one of numerous species of saltwater clams or marine bivalve mollusks in the taxonomic family Pectinidae, the scallops.
A sea is a large body of salt water that is surrounded in whole or in part by land.
The Sea Fish Industry Authority (or Seafish) is a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs.
A seamount is a mountain rising from the ocean seafloor that does not reach to the water's surface (sea level), and thus is not an island, islet or cliff-rock.
Seawater, or salt water, is water from a sea or ocean.
Shellfish is a food source and fisheries term for exoskeleton-bearing aquatic invertebrates used as food, including various species of molluscs, crustaceans, and echinoderms.
The term shrimp is used to refer to some decapod crustaceans, although the exact animals covered can vary.
Shrimp farming is an aquaculture business that exists in either a marine or freshwater environment, producing shrimp or prawns (crustaceans of the groups Caridea or Dendrobranchiata) for human consumption.
Southwest Alaska is a region of the U.S. state of Alaska.
Squid are cephalopods of the two orders Myopsida and Oegopsida, which were formerly regarded as two suborders of the order Teuthida, however recent research shows Teuthida to be paraphyletic.
Starfish or sea stars are star-shaped echinoderms belonging to the class Asteroidea.
Surface runoff (also known as overland flow) is the flow of water that occurs when excess stormwater, meltwater, or other sources flows over the Earth's surface.
A conventional idea of a sustainable fishery is that it is one that is harvested at a sustainable rate, where the fish population does not decline over time because of fishing practices.
Tailrace fishing is angling immediately below natural or man-made dams or restrictions to the flow of water on rivers, canals, streams or any other flowing current.
The Tankas or boat people are an ethnic subgroup in Southern China who have traditionally lived on junks in coastal parts of Guangdong, Guangxi, Fujian, Hainan, and Zhejiang, as well as Hong Kong, and Macau.
The tonne (Non-SI unit, symbol: t), commonly referred to as the metric ton in the United States, is a non-SI metric unit of mass equal to 1,000 kilograms;.
A tuna is a saltwater fish that belongs to the tribe Thunnini, a sub-grouping of the mackerel family (Scombridae).
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is an international environmental treaty adopted on 9 May 1992 and opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro from 3 to 14 June 1992.
Upwelling is an oceanographic phenomenon that involves wind-driven motion of dense, cooler, and usually nutrient-rich water towards the ocean surface, replacing the warmer, usually nutrient-depleted surface water.
The vertebral column, also known as the backbone or spine, is part of the axial skeleton.
Whales are a widely distributed and diverse group of fully aquatic placental marine mammals.
A fishery is an area with an associated fish or aquatic population which is harvested for its commercial value.
Wildlife traditionally refers to undomesticated animal species, but has come to include all plants, fungi, and other organisms that grow or live wild in an area without being introduced by humans.
1,000,000 (one million), or one thousand thousand, is the natural number following 999,999 and preceding 1,000,001.
The 2009 United Nations Climate Change Conference, commonly known as the Copenhagen Summit, was held at the Bella Center in Copenhagen, Denmark, between 7 and 18 December.