103 relations: Alabama in the American Civil War, American Civil War, American Civil War Museum, American Revolutionary War, Army of Northern Virginia, Austria, Austria-Hungary, Bardstown, Kentucky, Battle of Antietam, Ben Johnson House (Bardstown, Kentucky), Bonnie Blue Flag, California in the American Civil War, Canton (flag), Centreville, Virginia, Charleston Mercury, Charleston, South Carolina, Confederate government of Kentucky, Confederate government of Missouri, Confederate Memorial Hall, Confederate States Army, Confederate States Navy, Confederate States of America, Congress of the Confederate States, Constance Cary Harrison, CSS Shenandoah, Daily Mirror, Dixie, Ensign, European Union, Fairfax Station, Virginia, Fairfax, Virginia, Fire-Eaters, First Battle of Bull Run, First Corps, Army of Tennessee, Flag of Austria, Flag of England, Flag of France, Flag of Georgia (U.S. state), Flag of Germany, Flag of Mississippi, Flag of Scotland, Flag of the United States, Florida in the American Civil War, Fort Jackson, Louisiana, Fort McAllister, Fort Sumter, George William Bagby, Georgia in the American Civil War, German language, Germany, ..., Great Seal of the Confederate States of America, Hetty Cary, History of South Carolina, Jack (flag), Joseph E. Johnston, Kentucky, Kingdom of Prussia, List of Mississippi Civil War Confederate units, Louisiana in the American Civil War, Lying in state, Manassas, Virginia, Marion, Alabama, Mississippi in the American Civil War, Missouri, Montgomery, Alabama, New Orleans, Nicola Marschall, North & South (US magazine), North Carolina in the American Civil War, P. G. T. Beauregard, Provisional Congress of the Confederate States, Prussia, Richmond Depot, Right-wing politics, Robert E. Lee, Sacramento, California, Saint George's Cross, Saltire, Savannah Morning News, Sons of Confederate Veterans, South Carolina, South Carolina in the American Civil War, Southern Literary Messenger, Southern United States, Stonewall Jackson, Tennessee in the American Civil War, Texas in the American Civil War, Trans-Mississippi, Uniforms of the Confederate States Armed Forces, Union (American Civil War), United Confederate Veterans, United Daughters of the Confederacy, United States, USS Atlanta (1861), Van Dorn battle flag, Virginia Department of Historic Resources, Virginia in the American Civil War, War flag, White flag, Whitney Smith, William Porcher Miles, William Tappan Thompson, 1st Cherokee Mounted Rifles. Expand index (53 more) » « Shrink index
The State of Alabama was central to the Civil War, with the secession convention at Montgomery, birthplace of the Confederacy, inviting other states to form a Southern Republic, during January-March 1861, and develop constitutions to legally run their own affairs.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The American Civil War Museum is a multi-site museum in the Greater Richmond Region of central Virginia, dedicated to the history of the American Civil War.
The American Revolutionary War (17751783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a global war that began as a conflict between Great Britain and its Thirteen Colonies which declared independence as the United States of America. After 1765, growing philosophical and political differences strained the relationship between Great Britain and its colonies. Patriot protests against taxation without representation followed the Stamp Act and escalated into boycotts, which culminated in 1773 with the Sons of Liberty destroying a shipment of tea in Boston Harbor. Britain responded by closing Boston Harbor and passing a series of punitive measures against Massachusetts Bay Colony. Massachusetts colonists responded with the Suffolk Resolves, and they established a shadow government which wrested control of the countryside from the Crown. Twelve colonies formed a Continental Congress to coordinate their resistance, establishing committees and conventions that effectively seized power. British attempts to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts in April 1775 led to open combat. Militia forces then besieged Boston, forcing a British evacuation in March 1776, and Congress appointed George Washington to command the Continental Army. Concurrently, an American attempt to invade Quebec and raise rebellion against the British failed decisively. On July 2, 1776, the Continental Congress voted for independence, issuing its declaration on July 4. Sir William Howe launched a British counter-offensive, capturing New York City and leaving American morale at a low ebb. However, victories at Trenton and Princeton restored American confidence. In 1777, the British launched an invasion from Quebec under John Burgoyne, intending to isolate the New England Colonies. Instead of assisting this effort, Howe took his army on a separate campaign against Philadelphia, and Burgoyne was decisively defeated at Saratoga in October 1777. Burgoyne's defeat had drastic consequences. France formally allied with the Americans and entered the war in 1778, and Spain joined the war the following year as an ally of France but not as an ally of the United States. In 1780, the Kingdom of Mysore attacked the British in India, and tensions between Great Britain and the Netherlands erupted into open war. In North America, the British mounted a "Southern strategy" led by Charles Cornwallis which hinged upon a Loyalist uprising, but too few came forward. Cornwallis suffered reversals at King's Mountain and Cowpens. He retreated to Yorktown, Virginia, intending an evacuation, but a decisive French naval victory deprived him of an escape. A Franco-American army led by the Comte de Rochambeau and Washington then besieged Cornwallis' army and, with no sign of relief, he surrendered in October 1781. Whigs in Britain had long opposed the pro-war Tories in Parliament, and the surrender gave them the upper hand. In early 1782, Parliament voted to end all offensive operations in North America, but the war continued in Europe and India. Britain remained under siege in Gibraltar but scored a major victory over the French navy. On September 3, 1783, the belligerent parties signed the Treaty of Paris in which Great Britain agreed to recognize the sovereignty of the United States and formally end the war. French involvement had proven decisive,Brooks, Richard (editor). Atlas of World Military History. HarperCollins, 2000, p. 101 "Washington's success in keeping the army together deprived the British of victory, but French intervention won the war." but France made few gains and incurred crippling debts. Spain made some minor territorial gains but failed in its primary aim of recovering Gibraltar. The Dutch were defeated on all counts and were compelled to cede territory to Great Britain. In India, the war against Mysore and its allies concluded in 1784 without any territorial changes.
The Army of Northern Virginia was the primary military force of the Confederate States of America in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War.
Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.
Austria-Hungary, often referred to as the Austro-Hungarian Empire or the Dual Monarchy in English-language sources, was a constitutional union of the Austrian Empire (the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Imperial Council, or Cisleithania) and the Kingdom of Hungary (Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen or Transleithania) that existed from 1867 to 1918, when it collapsed as a result of defeat in World War I. The union was a result of the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867 and came into existence on 30 March 1867.
Bardstown is a home rule-class city in Nelson County, Kentucky, in the United States.
The Battle of Antietam, also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg, particularly in the Southern United States, was a battle of the American Civil War, fought on September 17, 1862, between Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia and Union General George B. McClellan's Army of the Potomac, near Sharpsburg, Maryland and Antietam Creek.
The Ben Johnson House is in the northern outskirts of Bardstown, Kentucky.
The Bonnie Blue Flag was an unofficial banner of the Confederate States of America at the start of the American Civil War in 1861.
California's involvement in the American Civil War included sending gold east, recruiting volunteer combat units to replace regular forces in territories of the Western United States, maintaining and building numerous camps and fortifications, suppressing secessionist activity (many of these secessionists went east to fight for the Confederacy) and securing the New Mexico Territory against the Confederacy.
A canton in a flag is a rectangular area at the top hoist corner of a flag, occupying up to a quarter of the flag's area.
Centreville is a census-designated place (CDP) in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States and a suburb of Washington, D.C. The population was 71,135 at the 2010 census.
The Charleston Mercury was a newspaper in Charleston, South Carolina founded by Henry L. Pinckney in 1819.
Charleston is the oldest and largest city in the U.S. state of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County, and the principal city in the Charleston–North Charleston–Summerville Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The Confederate government of Kentucky was a shadow government established for the Commonwealth of Kentucky by a self-constituted group of Confederate sympathizers during the American Civil War.
The Confederate government of Missouri was a shadow government, established for the state of Missouri by pro-Confederate Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson and other Southern sympathizers, during the American Civil War.
Confederate Memorial Hall Museum is a museum located in New Orleans which contains historical artifacts related to the Confederate States of America (C.S.A.) and the American Civil War.
The Confederate States Army (C.S.A.) was the military land force of the Confederate States of America (Confederacy) during the American Civil War (1861–1865).
The Navy of the Confederate States (CSN) was the naval branch of the Confederate States Armed Forces, established by an act of the Confederate States Congress on February 21, 1861.
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
The Confederate States Congress was both the provisional and "permanent" legislative assembly of the Confederate States of America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
Constance Cary Harrison (pen name, Refugitta; April 25, 1843 – November 21, 1920), also referred as Mrs.
CSS Shenandoah, formerly Sea King, was an iron-framed, teak-planked, full-rigged sailing ship with auxiliary steam power chiefly known for her adventures under Lieutenant Commander James Waddell as part of the Confederate States Navy during the American Civil War.
The Daily Mirror is a British national daily tabloid newspaper founded in 1903.
Dixie (otherwise known as Dixieland) is a nickname for the Southern United States, especially those states that composed the Confederate States of America.
An ensign is the national flag flown on a vessel to indicate citizenry.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Fairfax Station is a census-designated place (CDP) in Fairfax County, Virginia, United States.
Fairfax, colloquially known as Central Fairfax, Downtown Fairfax, or Fairfax City, and officially named the City of Fairfax, is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
In American history, the Fire-Eaters were a group of pro-slavery Southerners in the Antebellum South who urged the separation of Southern states into a new nation, which became the Confederate States of America.
The First Battle of Bull Run (the name used by Union forces), also known as the First Battle of Manassas.
The First Corps, Army of Tennessee was a military unit that defended the C.S.A. during the American Civil War.
The flag of Austria (Flagge Österreichs) has three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white, and red.
The flag of England is derived from St George's Cross (heraldic blazon: Argent, a cross gules).
The flag of France (Drapeau français) is a tricolour flag featuring three vertical bands coloured blue (hoist side), white, and red.
The current flag of the state of Georgia was adopted on May 8, 2003.
The flag of Germany or German Flag (Flagge Deutschlands) is a tricolour consisting of three equal horizontal bands displaying the national colours of Germany: black, red, and gold (Schwarz-Rot-Gold).
The flag of the state of Mississippi was first adopted by the U.S. state of Mississippi in April 1894, replacing the unofficial flag that had been adopted in 1861 when Mississippi was a Confederate state.
The Flag of Scotland (bratach na h-Alba; Banner o Scotland) is also known as St Andrew's Cross or the Saltire.
The flag of the United States of America, often referred to as the American flag, is the national flag of the United States.
Florida joined the Confederate States of America at the beginning of the Civil War, as the third of the original seven states to secede from the Union, following Lincoln's 1860 election.
Fort Jackson is an historic masonry fort located some up river from the mouth of the Mississippi River in Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana.
Fort McAllister was a Confederate earthen-work fort used to defend Savannah, Georgia during the American Civil War.
Fort Sumter is a sea fort in Charleston, South Carolina, notable for two battles of the American Civil War.
George William Bagby (August 13, 1828 – November 29, 1883) was an American physician and humorist.
Georgia was one of the original seven slave states that formed the Confederate States of America in February 1861, triggering the U.S. Civil War.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
The Great Seal of the Confederate States of America, formally the Seal of the Confederate States, was used to authenticate certain documents issued by the C.S. government.
Hetty Carr Cary (May 15, 1836 – September 27, 1892) was the wife of CSA General John Pegram and, later, of pioneer physiologist H. Newell Martin.
South Carolina was one of the original thirteen states of the United States.
A jack is a national (originally naval) flag flown from a short jackstaff at the bow of a vessel, while the ensign is flown on the stern.
Joseph Eggleston Johnston (February 3, 1807 – March 21, 1891) was a career United States Army officer, serving with distinction in the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), and Seminole Wars.
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.
The Kingdom of Prussia (Königreich Preußen) was a German kingdom that constituted the state of Prussia between 1701 and 1918.
This is a list of Mississippi Civil War Confederate Units, or military units from the state of Mississippi which fought for the Confederacy in the American Civil War.
Antebellum Louisiana was a slave state, where enslaved African Americans had comprised the majority of the population during the eighteenth century French and Spanish colonial period.
Lying in state is the tradition in which the body of a dead official is placed in a state building, either outside or inside a coffin, to allow the public to pay their respects.
Manassas (formerly Manassas Junction) is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Marion is a city in, and the county seat of, Perry County, Alabama, United States.
Mississippi was the second southern state to declare its secession from the United States of America, on January 9, 1861.
Missouri is a state in the Midwestern United States.
Montgomery is the capital city of the U.S. state of Alabama and the county seat of Montgomery County.
New Orleans (. Merriam-Webster.; La Nouvelle-Orléans) is a major United States port and the largest city and metropolitan area in the state of Louisiana.
Nicola Marschall (1829 – February 24, 1917) was a German-American artist who supported the Confederate cause during the American Civil War.
North & South – The Official Magazine of the Civil War Society was a military history and general history bi-monthly magazine published in the United States concerning the American Civil War 1861–1865.
The state of North Carolina, though raising a significant number of troops in regiments for the Union, provided an important source of soldiers, supplies and war materiel to the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War.
Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard (May 28, 1818 – February 20, 1893) was an American military officer who was the first prominent general of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.
The Provisional Congress of the Confederate States, also known as the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States of America, was a congress of deputies and delegates called together from the Southern States which became the governing body of the Provisional Government of the Confederate States of America (CSA) from February 4, 1861, to February 17, 1862.
Prussia (Preußen) was a historically prominent German state that originated in 1525 with a duchy centred on the region of Prussia.
The Richmond Depot, or the Richmond Clothing Bureau, was a clothing and equipment facility located in three primary facilities, in and around Richmond, Virginia, established late in 1861, that supplied uniforms, footwear, and other equipment to the Confederate States Army, primarily the Army of Northern Virginia, and the surrounding region of the Commonwealth of Virginia.
Right-wing politics hold that certain social orders and hierarchies are inevitable, natural, normal or desirable, typically supporting this position on the basis of natural law, economics or tradition.
Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was an American and Confederate soldier, best known as a commander of the Confederate States Army.
Sacramento is the capital city of the U.S. state of California and the seat of Sacramento County.
In heraldry, the Saint George's Cross, also called Cross of Saint George, is a red cross on a white background, which from the Late Middle Ages became associated with Saint George, the military saint, often depicted as a crusader.
A saltire, also called Saint Andrew's Cross, is a heraldic symbol in the form of a diagonal cross, like the shape of the letter X in Roman type.
The Savannah Morning News is a daily newspaper in Savannah, Georgia.
The Sons of Confederate Veterans (SCV) is an American non-profit and charitable organization of male descendants of Confederate veterans headquartered at the Elm Springs in Columbia, Tennessee.
South Carolina is a U.S. state in the southeastern region of the United States.
South Carolina was the first state to secede from the Union in December 1860, and was one of the founding member states of the Confederacy in February 1861.
The Southern Literary Messenger was a periodical published in Richmond, Virginia, from August 1834 to June 1864.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson (January 21, 1824 – May 10, 1863) served as a Confederate general (1861–1863) during the American Civil War, and became one of the best-known Confederate commanders after General Robert E. Lee.
To a large extent, the American Civil War was fought in cities and farms of Tennessee, as only Virginia saw more battles.
The U.S. state of Texas declared its secession from the United States of America on February 1, 1861, and joined the Confederate States on March 2, 1861, after it replaced its governor, Sam Houston, when he refused to take an oath of allegiance to the Confederacy.
Trans-Mississippi was a common name of the geographic area west of the Mississippi River during the 19th century.
Each branch of the Confederate States armed forces had their own service dress and fatigue uniforms and regulations regarding them during the American Civil War, which lasted from April 12, 1861 until May 1865.
During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Union, also known as the North, referred to the United States of America and specifically to the national government of President Abraham Lincoln and the 20 free states, as well as 4 border and slave states (some with split governments and troops sent both north and south) that supported it.
The United Confederate Veterans was an association formed in New Orleans, Louisiana on June 10, 1889, by veterans of the Confederate States Army and Navy.
The United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC) is an American hereditary association of Southern women established in 1894 in Nashville, Tennessee.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Atlanta was a casemate ironclad that served in the Confederate and Union Navies during the American Civil War.
The Van Dorn battle flag is a historical Confederate flag with a red field depicting a white crescent moon in the canton and thirteen white stars; and trimmed with gold cord.
The Virginia Department of Historic Resources is the State Historic Preservation Office for the Commonwealth of Virginia.
The Commonwealth of Virginia became a prominent part of the Confederate States of America when it joined the Confederacy during the American Civil War.
A war flag, also known as a military flag, battle flag, or standard, is a variant of a national flag for use by a country's military forces when on land.
White flags have had different meanings throughout history and depending on the locale.
Whitney Smith Jr. (February 26, 1940 – November 17, 2016) was a professional vexillologist and scholar of flags.
William Porcher Miles (July 4, 1822 – May 11, 1899) was among the ardent states' rights advocates, supporters of slavery, and Southern secessionists who came to be known as the "Fire-Eaters." He is notable for having designed the most popular variant of the Confederate flag, originally rejected as the national flag in 1861 but adopted as a battle flag by the Army of Northern Virginia under General Robert E. Lee before it was reincorporated by William Tappan Thompson into the second design of the national flag in 1862.
William Tappan Thompson (August 31, 1812 – March 24, 1882) was an American writer who co-founded the Savannah Morning News in the 1850s, known then as the Daily Morning News.
The 1st Cherokee Mounted Rifles was a Confederate States Army regiment which fought in the Indian Territory during the American Civil War.
Battle Flag (Confederate States of America), Blood Stained Banner, Blood-Stained Banner, C.S. flag, CS battle flag, CS flag, CSA flag, Confederate Battle Flag, Confederate Flag, Confederate Flags, Confederate National Flag, Confederate Naval Jack, Confederate Rebel Flag, Confederate Stars and Bars, Confederate battle flag, Confederate flag, Confederate imagery, Dixie Flag, Dixie flag, Flag Act of 1865, Flag of Confederate States of America, Flag of the CSA, Flag of the Confederate States, Flag of the Confederate States of America, Flags of the CSA, Flags of the Confederacy, Flags of the Confederate States, Flags of the confederacy, Flags of the confederate states of america, Rebel Flag, Rebel Flags, Rebel flag, Stainless Banner, Stars & Bars, Stars and Bars (flag), The Rebel Flag, The confederate battle flag.