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Index Flamenco

Flamenco, in its strictest sense, is a professionalized art-form based on the various folkloric music traditions of Southern Spain in the autonomous communities of Andalusia, Extremadura and Murcia. [1]

132 relations: Alegrías, Andalusia, Andalusian cadence, Andalusian Centre of Flamenco, Andalusians, Arabic, Aria, Bienal de Flamenco, Blas Infante, Bulerías, Cajón, Camarón de la Isla, Cante flamenco, Cante jondo, Cantes de ida y vuelta, Cantiñas, Capo, Cartageneras, Castanets, Castilians, Chill-out music, Chord (music), Chord progression, Chord substitution, Classical guitar, Claudio Castelucho, Concurso de Cante Jondo, Cristina Hoyos, David Peña Dorantes, Degree (music), Diatonic function, Diccionario de la lengua española, Dominant (music), Dorian mode, Duende (art), Dynamics (music), Enharmonic, Enharmonic scale, Equal temperament, Extremadura, Falseta, Fandango, Farruca, Fellah, Fire, Flamenco guitar, Flamenco mode, Flamenco shoe, Granaína, Guajira (music), ..., Guajiras (Flamenco), Improvisation, Interval (music), Irish dance, Islam, Japan, Joaquín Cortés, John Singer Sargent, José Cadalso, José Greco, José Villegas Cordero, Jota (music), Kumpanía: Flamenco Los Angeles, Latin Grammy Award for Best Flamenco Album, List of Cambridge Companions to Music, Major scale, Malagueñas (flamenco style), Manolo Sanlúcar, María Pagés, Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity, Mediant, Metre (music), Microtonal music, Minor scale, Mode (music), Modulation (music), Morisco, Music of Andalusia, Music of Spain, Music theory, Muslim, New flamenco, Niño Josele, Ornament (music), Paco de Lucía, Paco Peña, Palmas (music), Palo (flamenco), Peteneras, Portamento, Ramón Montoya, Range (music), Region of Murcia, Rhythm, Romani people in Spain, Rondeña, Rumba flamenca, Saeta (flamenco), Sainete, Scordatura, Semitone, Sephardi Jews, Sevillanas, Seville, Seville Fair, Siguiriyas, Silverio Franconetti, Soleá, Soleá por Bulerías, Sound board (music), Stanza, Steps and skips, Subdominant, Tablao, Tango (flamenco), Tap dance, Tarantella, Tessitura, Tiento, Tientos (Flamenco), Timbre, Time signature, Tomatito, Tonadilla, Tonality, Tonás, Tonic (music), Traje de flamenca, Transposition (music), UNESCO, Vicente Amigo, Zambra. Expand index (82 more) »


Alegrías is a flamenco palo or musical form, which has a rhythm consisting of 12 beats.

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Andalusia (Andalucía) is an autonomous community in southern Spain.

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Andalusian cadence

The Andalusian cadence (diatonic phrygian tetrachord) is a term adopted from flamenco music for a chord progression comprising four chords descending stepwise—a vi–V–IV–III progression with respect to the major mode or i–VII–VI–V progression with respect to the minor mode.

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Andalusian Centre of Flamenco

The Andalusian Centre of Flamenco is an institution in Jerez de la Frontera, Spain founded in 1993 to safeguard and promote the values and standards of the traditional Andalusian art form known as flamenco.

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The Andalusians (andaluces) are a Spanish ethnic group that live in the southern region in Spain approximated by what is now called Andalusia.

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Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.

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An aria (air; plural: arie, or arias in common usage, diminutive form arietta or ariette) in music was originally any expressive melody, usually, but not always, performed by a singer.

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Bienal de Flamenco

The Bienal de Flamenco is celebrated in Seville, Spain, in different theatres of the city.

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Blas Infante

Blas Infante Pérez de Vargas (Casares, Spain; 5 July 1885 – Seville, Spain; 11 August 1936) was an Andalucista politician, Georgist, writer, historian and musicologist, known as the father of Andalusian nationalism (Padre de la Patria Andaluza).

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Bulería (interchangeable with the plural, bulerías) is a fast flamenco rhythm in 12 beats with emphasis in two general forms as follows: 1 2 4 5 7 9 11 or 1 2 4 5 6 9 11 It may also be broken down into a measure of followed by a measure of (known as hemiola) counted as such: 1 1 2 4 5 7 9 - 1 2 4 5 7 9 11 An interesting counting method has been used by Pepe Romero, in his book Classical Guitar Style and Technique, which is 2 measures of time followed by 3 measures of time.

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A cajón ("box", "crate" or "drawer") is a box-shaped percussion instrument originally from Peru, played by slapping the front or rear faces (generally thin plywood) with the hands, fingers, or sometimes various implements such as brushes, mallets, or sticks.

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Camarón de la Isla

José Monge Cruz (5 December 1950 – 2 July 1992), better known by his stage name Camarón de la Isla, was a Spanish flamenco singer.

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Cante flamenco

The cante flamenco, meaning "flamenco singing", is one of the three main components of flamenco, along with toque (playing the guitar) and baile (dance).

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Cante jondo

Cante jondo (Andalusian) is a vocal style in flamenco, an unspoiled form of Andalusian folk music.

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Cantes de ida y vuelta

Cantes de ida y vuelta is a Spanish expression literally meaning roundtrip songs.

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The cantiñas is a group of flamenco palos (musical forms), originated in the area of Cádiz in Andalusia (although some styles of cantiña have developed in the province of Seville).

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A capo (short for capodastro, capo tasto or capotasto, Italian for "head of fretboard"; Spanish: capodastro; French: capodastre; German: Kapodaster; Portuguese: capodastro, Serbo-Croatian: kapodaster) is a device used on the neck of a stringed (typically fretted) instrument to shorten the playable length of the strings, hence raising the pitch.

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Cartageneras are a flamenco palo belonging to the category of the cantes de las minas (in English, songs of the mines) or cantes minero-levantinos (eastern miner songs).

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Castanets are a percussion instrument (idiophone), used in Kalo, Moorish, Ottoman, ancient Roman, Italian, Spanish, Sephardic, Swiss, and Portuguese music.

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Castilians (Spanish: castellanos) are certain inhabitants in regions of central Spain including at least the eastern part of Castile and León, Castile-La Mancha excluding Albacete, and the Community of Madrid, who are the source of the Spanish language (Castilian) among other aspects of cultural identity.

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Chill-out music

Chill-out (shortened as chill; also typeset as chillout or chill out) is a loosely defined style of popular music characterized by slow tempos and relaxed moods.

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Chord (music)

A chord, in music, is any harmonic set of pitches consisting of two or more (usually three or more) notes (also called "pitches") that are heard as if sounding simultaneously.

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Chord progression

A chord progression or harmonic progression is a succession of musical chords, which are two or more notes, typically sounded simultaneously.

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Chord substitution

In music theory, chord substitution is the technique of using a chord in place of another in a sequence of chords, or a chord progression.

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Classical guitar

The classical guitar (also known as concert guitar, classical acoustic, nylon-string guitar, or Spanish guitar) is the member of the guitar family used in classical music.

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Claudio Castelucho

Claudio Castelucho y Diana (5 July 1870 in Barcelona – 31 October 1927 in Paris) was a Spanish sculptor, painter and art teacher from Catalonia who lived in France.

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Concurso de Cante Jondo

El Concurso del Cante Jondo (Contest of the Deep Song) was a well-known celebration of the art of flamenco, its music, song, and dance, held in Granada, on Corpus Christi, the 13th and 14 June 1922.

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Cristina Hoyos

Cristina Hoyos Panadero is a Spanish flamenco dancer, choreographer and actress, born in Seville.

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David Peña Dorantes

David Peña Dorantes (born 1969), a Romani pianist and composer from Andalusia (Spain), known after his compositions and performances of flamenco.

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Degree (music)

In music theory, scale degree refers to the position of a particular note on a scale relative to the tonic, the first and main note of the scale from which each octave is assumed to begin.

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Diatonic function

In tonal music theory, a function (often called harmonic function, tonal function or diatonic function, or also chord area) is the relationship of a chord to a tonal center.

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Diccionario de la lengua española

The Diccionario de la lengua española (English: Dictionary of the Spanish language), also known as the Diccionario de la Real Academia Española (DRAE) (English: Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy), is a dictionary of the Spanish language.

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Dominant (music)

In music, the dominant is the fifth scale degree of the diatonic scale, called "dominant" because it is next in importance to the tonic, and a dominant chord is any chord built upon that pitch, using the notes of the same diatonic scale.

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Dorian mode

Dorian mode or Doric mode can refer to three very different but interrelated subjects: one of the Ancient Greek harmoniai (characteristic melodic behaviour, or the scale structure associated with it), one of the medieval musical modes, or, most commonly, one of the modern modal diatonic scales, corresponding to the white notes from D to D, or any transposition of this.

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Duende (art)

Duende or tener duende ("to have duende") is a Spanish term for a heightened state of emotion, expression and authenticity, often connected with flamenco.

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Dynamics (music)

In music, the dynamics of a piece is the variation in loudness between notes or phrases.

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In modern musical notation and tuning, an enharmonic equivalent is a note, interval, or key signature that is equivalent to some other note, interval, or key signature but "spelled", or named differently.

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Enharmonic scale

In music theory, an enharmonic scale is "an gradual progression by quarter tones" or any "musical scale proceeding by quarter tones".

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Equal temperament

An equal temperament is a musical temperament, or a system of tuning, in which the frequency interval between every pair of adjacent notes has the same ratio.

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Extremadura (is an autonomous community of western Iberian Peninsula whose capital city is Mérida, recognised by the State of Autonomy of Extremadura. It is made up of the two largest provinces of Spain: Cáceres and Badajoz. It is bordered by the provinces of Salamanca and Ávila (Castile and León) to the north; by provinces of Toledo and Ciudad Real (Castile–La Mancha) to the east, and by the provinces of Huelva, Seville, and Córdoba (Andalusia) to the south; and by Portugal to the west. Its official language is Spanish. It is an important area for wildlife, particularly with the major reserve at Monfragüe, which was designated a National Park in 2007, and the International Tagus River Natural Park (Parque Natural Tajo Internacional). The government of Extremadura is called. The Day of Extremadura is celebrated on 8 September. It coincides with the Catholic festivity of Our Lady of Guadalupe.

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A Falseta is part of Flamenco music.

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Fandango is a lively couples dance from Spain, usually in triple metre, traditionally accompanied by guitars, castanets, or hand-clapping ("palmas" in Spanish).

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Farruca is a form of flamenco music.

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Fellah (فلاح, fallāḥ; plural Fellaheen or Fellahin, فلاحين, fallāḥīn) is a farmer or agricultural laborer in the Middle East and North Africa.

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Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction products.

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Flamenco guitar

A flamenco guitar is a guitar similar to a classical guitar but with thinner tops and less internal bracing.

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Flamenco mode

In music theory, the flamenco mode (also Major-Phrygian) is a harmonized mode or scale abstracted from its use in flamenco music.

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Flamenco shoe

A flamenco shoe is a type of shoe worn by flamenco dancers.

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Granaína is a flamenco style of singing and guitar playing from Granada.

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Guajira (music)

The Guajira is a music genre derived from the Punto cubano.

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Guajiras (Flamenco)

Guajira (Flamenco) is a palo based on the Cuban Punto Guajira Cubana.

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Improvisation is creating or performing something spontaneously or making something from whatever is available.

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Interval (music)

In music theory, an interval is the difference between two pitches.

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Irish dance

Irish dance or Irish dancing is a group of traditional dance forms originating from Ireland, encompassing dancing both solo and in groups, and dancing for social, competitive, and performance purposes.

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IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).

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Japan (日本; Nippon or Nihon; formally 日本国 or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is a sovereign island country in East Asia.

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Joaquín Cortés

Joaquín Pedraja Reyes "Joaquín Cortés" (born 22 February 1969) is a Spanish classically trained ballet and flamenco dancer.

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John Singer Sargent

John Singer Sargent (January 12, 1856 – April 14, 1925) was an American artist, considered the "leading portrait painter of his generation" for his evocations of Edwardian era luxury.

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José Cadalso

José de Cadalso y Vázquez (Cádiz, 1741 – Gibraltar, 1782), Spanish, Colonel of the Royal Spanish Army, author, poet, playwright and essayist, one of the canonical producers of Spanish Enlightenment literature.

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José Greco

José Greco (December 23, 1918 – December 31, 2000) was an Italian-born American flamenco dancer and choreographer known for popularizing Spanish dance on the stage and screen in America mostly in the 1950s and 1960s.

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José Villegas Cordero

José Villegas Cordero (26 August 1844, Seville – 9 November 1921, Madrid) was a Spanish painter of historical, genre and costumbrista scenes.

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Jota (music)

The jota (hota or ixota; xota; xota; old Spanish spelling: xota) is a genre of music and the associated dance known throughout Spain, most likely originating in Aragon.

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Kumpanía: Flamenco Los Angeles

Kumpanía: Flamenco Los Angeles is a 2011 independent documentary film by director Katina Dunn.

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Latin Grammy Award for Best Flamenco Album

The Latin Grammy Award for Best Flamenco Album is an award presented by the Latin Grammy Awards for quality flamenco albums.

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List of Cambridge Companions to Music

The Cambridge Companions to Music form a book series published by Cambridge University Press.

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Major scale

The major scale (or Ionian scale) is one of the most commonly used musical scales, especially in Western music.

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Malagueñas (flamenco style)

Malagueñas is one of the traditional styles of Andalusian music (flamenco), derived from earlier types of fandango from the area of Málaga, classified among the Cantes de Levante.

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Manolo Sanlúcar

Manolo Sanlúcar (Manuel Muñoz Alcón) is a flamenco composer and guitarist born in Sanlúcar de Barrameda (Cádiz) in 1943.

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María Pagés

María Pagés (born 1963) is a modern Spanish dancer and choreographer, considered the paramount representative of flamenco vanguard.

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Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity

The Proclamation of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity was made by the Director-General of UNESCO starting in 2001 to raise awareness of intangible cultural heritage and encourage local communities to protect them and the local people who sustain these forms of cultural expressions.

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In music, the mediant (Latin: to be in the middle) is the third scale degree of a diatonic scale, being the note halfway between the tonic and the dominant.

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Metre (music)

In music, metre (Am. meter) refers to the regularly recurring patterns and accents such as bars and beats.

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Microtonal music

Microtonal music or microtonality is the use in music of microtones—intervals smaller than a semitone, also called "microintervals".

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Minor scale

In music theory, the term minor scale refers to three scale formations – the natural minor scale (or Aeolian mode), the harmonic minor scale, and the melodic minor scale (ascending or descending) – rather than just one as with the major scale.

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Mode (music)

In the theory of Western music, a mode is a type of musical scale coupled with a set of characteristic melodic behaviors.

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Modulation (music)

In music, modulation is most commonly the act or process of changing from one key (tonic, or tonal center) to another.

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Moriscos (mouriscos,; meaning "Moorish") were former Muslims who converted or were coerced into converting to Christianity, after Spain finally outlawed the open practice of Islam by its sizeable Muslim population (termed mudéjar) in the early 16th century.

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Music of Andalusia

The Music of Andalusia encompasses a range of traditional musical genres which originate in the territory of Andalusia in southern Spain.

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Music of Spain

The music of Spain has a long history.

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Music theory

Music theory is the study of the practices and possibilities of music.

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A Muslim (مُسلِم) is someone who follows or practices Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion.

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New flamenco

New flamenco (or nuevo flamenco) is synonymous with modern flamenco and is a derivative of traditional flamenco.

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Niño Josele

Niño Josele (born Juan José Heredia, 24 April 1974 in Almería) is a Spanish guitarist, and exponent of the New Flamenco style.

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Ornament (music)

In music, ornaments or embellishments are musical flourishes—typically, added notes—that are not essential to carry the overall line of the melody (or harmony), but serve instead to decorate or "ornament" that line (or harmony), provide added interest and variety, and give the performer the opportunity to add expressiveness to a song or piece.

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Paco de Lucía

Francisco Gustavo Sánchez Gómez (21 December 194725 February 2014), known as Paco de Lucía, was a Spanish virtuoso flamenco guitarist, composer and producer.

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Paco Peña

Paco Peña (born 1 June 1942) is a Spanish flamenco composer and guitarist.

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Palmas (music)

Palmas is a style of handclapping used in Flamenco music as an essential form of percussion to help punctuate and accentuate the song and dance.

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Palo (flamenco)

A palo or cante is the name given in flamenco for the different traditional musical forms.

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The Petenera is a flamenco palo in a 12-beat metre, with strong beats distributed as follows:.

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In music, portamento (plural: portamenti, from portamento, meaning "carriage" or "carrying") is a pitch sliding from one note to another.

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Ramón Montoya

Ramón Montoya (November 2, 1879, Madrid, Spain – June 20, 1949, Madrid, Spain), Flamenco guitarist and composer.

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Range (music)

In music, the range, or chromatic range, of a musical instrument is the distance from the lowest to the highest pitch it can play.

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Region of Murcia

The Region of Murcia (Región de Murcia, Regió de Múrcia) is an autonomous community of Spain located in the southeast of the state, between Andalusia and Valencian Community, on the Mediterranean coast.

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Rhythm (from Greek ῥυθμός, rhythmos, "any regular recurring motion, symmetry") generally means a "movement marked by the regulated succession of strong and weak elements, or of opposite or different conditions".

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Romani people in Spain

The Gypsies in Spain, generally known as gitanos, belong to the Iberian Kale group, with smaller populations in Portugal (known as ciganos) and in southern France.

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A Rondeña is a ''palo'' or musical form of flamenco originating in the town of Ronda in the province of Málaga in Spain.

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Rumba flamenca

Rumba flamenca, also known as flamenco rumba or simply rumba, is a palo (style) of flamenco music developed in Andalusia, Spain.

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Saeta (flamenco)

The saeta is a revered form of Spanish religious song, whose form and style has evolved over many centuries.

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A sainete (farce or titbit) was a popular Spanish comic opera piece, a one-act dramatic vignette, with music.

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Scordatura (literally Italian for "mistuning"), is a tuning of a stringed instrument different from the normal, standard tuning.

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A semitone, also called a half step or a half tone, is the smallest musical interval commonly used in Western tonal music, and it is considered the most dissonant when sounded harmonically.

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Sephardi Jews

Sephardi Jews, also known as Sephardic Jews or Sephardim (סְפָרַדִּים, Modern Hebrew: Sefaraddim, Tiberian: Səp̄āraddîm; also Ye'hude Sepharad, lit. "The Jews of Spain"), originally from Sepharad, Spain or the Iberian peninsula, are a Jewish ethnic division.

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Sevillanas are a type of folk music and dance of Sevilla and its region.

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Seville (Sevilla) is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Andalusia and the province of Seville, Spain.

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Seville Fair

The Seville Fair (officially and in Feria de abril de Sevilla, "Seville April Fair") is held in Andalusian capital of Seville, Spain.

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Siguiriyas (also seguiriyas, siguerillas, siguirillas, seguidilla gitana, etc.) is a form of flamenco music belonging to the cante jondo category.

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Silverio Franconetti

Silverio Franconetti y Aguilar, also known simply as Silverio (June 10, 1831 – May 30, 1889) was a singer and the leading figure of the period in flamenco history known as The Golden Age, which was marked by the creation and definition of most musical forms or palos, the increasing professionalization of flamenco artists, and the shift of center from private gatherings and taverns towards commercial venues called cafés cantante.

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Soleares (plural of soleá) is one of the most basic forms or palos of Flamenco music, probably originated around Cádiz or Seville in Andalusia, the most southern region of Spain.

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Soleá por Bulerías

Soleá (Soleares) por Buleriás is a flamenco palo.

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Sound board (music)

A sound board, or soundboard, is the surface of a string instrument that the strings vibrate against, usually via some sort of bridge.

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In poetry, a stanza (from Italian stanza, "room") is a grouped set of lines within a poem, usually set off from other stanzas by a blank line or indentation.

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Steps and skips

In music, a step, or conjunct motion,Bonds, Mark Evan (2006).

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In music, the subdominant is the technical name for the fourth tonal degree of the diatonic scale.

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A tablao (colloquial term for the Spanish "tablado", floorboard) is a place where flamenco shows are performed and also tablao is the term used for the platform floor in which a flamenco dancer dances.

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Tango (flamenco)

In flamenco a tango is one of the flamenco palos closely related in form and feeling to the rumba flamenca.

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Tap dance

Tap dance is a form of dance characterized by using the sounds of tap shoes striking the floor as a form of percussion.

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Tarantella is a group of various folk dances characterized by a fast upbeat tempo, usually in 8 time (sometimes or), accompanied by tambourines.

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In music, tessitura (pl. tessiture, "texture") is the most esthetically acceptable and comfortable vocal range for a given singer or, less frequently, musical instrument; the range in which a given type of voice presents its best-sounding (or characteristic) timbre.

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Tiento (Tento) is a musical genre originating in Spain in the mid-15th century.

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Tientos (Flamenco)

Tientos is a flamenco Andalusian palo which has a rhythm consisting of 4 beats.

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In music, timbre (also known as tone color or tone quality from psychoacoustics) is the perceived sound quality of a musical note, sound or tone.

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Time signature

The time signature (also known as meter signature, metre signature, or measure signature) is a notational convention used in Western musical notation to specify how many beats (pulses) are to be contained in each measure (bar) and which note value is equivalent to one beat.

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José Fernández Torres, known as Tomatito (born Almería, 1958), is a Spanish flamenco guitarist.

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Tonadilla was a Spanish musical song form of theatrical origin; not danced.

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Tonality is the arrangement of pitches and/or chords of a musical work in a hierarchy of perceived relations, stabilities, attractions and directionality.

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Tonás is a palo or type of flamenco songs.

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Tonic (music)

In music, the tonic is the first scale degree of a diatonic scale (the first note of a scale) and the tonal center or final resolution tone that is commonly used in the final cadence in tonal (musical key-based) classical music, popular music and traditional music.

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Traje de flamenca

The traje de flamenca ("flamenco outfit") or traje de gitana, Nancy Pereda, 22 April 2015, Yo Dona, El Mundo ("Gitana outfit") is the dress traditionally worn by women at Ferias (festivals) in Andalusia, Spain.

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Transposition (music)

In music transposition refers to the process, or operation, of moving a collection of notes (pitches or pitch classes) up or down in pitch by a constant interval.

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The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.

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Vicente Amigo

Vicente Amigo Girol (born 25 March 1967) is a Spanish flamenco composer and virtuoso guitarist, born in Guadalcanal, near Seville.

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Zambra, (from Andalusi Arabic Zamra, originally from classical arabic Zamr) is a style of Flamenco dance, typical of the Gypsies of the provinces of Granada and Almeria (Andalusia, Spain).

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flamenco

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