429 relations: Activism, Adjective, Afterlife, Alexandre Gendebien, Alluvium, Alps, Amsterdam, Anabaptism, Ancien Régime, Anthony van Dyck, Antwerp, Antwerp International Airport, Arabic, Arrondissement of Aalst, Arrondissement of Antwerp, Arrondissement of Bruges, Arrondissement of Brussels-Capital, Arrondissement of Dendermonde, Arrondissement of Diksmuide, Arrondissement of Eeklo, Arrondissement of Ghent, Arrondissement of Halle-Vilvoorde, Arrondissement of Hasselt, Arrondissement of Kortrijk, Arrondissement of Leuven, Arrondissement of Maaseik, Arrondissement of Mechelen, Arrondissement of Ostend, Arrondissement of Oudenaarde, Arrondissement of Roeselare, Arrondissement of Sint-Niklaas, Arrondissement of Tielt, Arrondissement of Tongeren, Arrondissement of Turnhout, Arrondissement of Veurne, Arrondissement of Ypres, Arrondissements of Belgium, Association football, Augustinians, Austrian Netherlands, Émile Verhaeren, Baarle-Hertog, Baarle-Nassau, Baldwin I, Margrave of Flanders, Baldwin V, Count of Hainaut, BASF, Battle of the Golden Spurs, Battle of Waterloo, Beeldenstorm, Belgae, ..., Belgian federal election, 2007, Belgian federal election, 2010, Belgian Federal Parliament, Belgian franc, Belgian local elections, 2012, Belgian regional elections, 2009, Belgian Revolution, Belgium, Belgium–Luxembourg Economic Union, Berber languages, Bernard Hinault, Black Death, Bloso, Blue Banana, Bourgeois Government, Bourgeoisie, Bruges, Brugse Vrije, Brussels, Brussels Airport, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, Burgundian Netherlands, BVN, Calcium, Calvinism, Campine, Canvas (Belgium), Catholic school, Catholic University of Leuven (1835–1968), Célestin Freinet, Celtic languages, Central European Summer Time, Central European Time, Charles Rogier, Charles the Bald, Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, Chemical substance, Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams, City of Brussels, Classic cycle races, Clay, Communities, regions and language areas of Belgium, Concentra, Confederation of Christian Trade Unions, Congress of Vienna, Constitutional monarchy, Count of Flanders, Counter-Reformation, County of Flanders, County of Hainaut, County of Loon, Currency union, Customs union, Daens (film), Daniel Auber, De Lijn, De Morgen, De Persgroep, De Standaard, De Tijd, De Vlaamse Leeuw, Deelgemeente, Demonym, Deux-Nèthes, Di Rupo Government, Digital Library for Dutch Literature, Diksmuide, Diphthong, Dissent, Districts of Antwerp, Drawing pin, Duchy of Brabant, Duchy of Burgundy, Duke of Alba, Dutch Golden Age, Dutch language, Dutch Language Union, Dutch Republic, Dutch School (painting), Dutch-language literature, Dwars door Vlaanderen, Dyle (department), Early modern period, Early Netherlandish painting, East Flanders, Eddy Merckx, Education in Flanders, Electoral list, Enclave and exclave, Erik Van Looy, Ernest Claes, Escaut (department), Estuary, Eupen-Malmedy, Euro, European Coal and Steel Community, European Union, Eurostat, F.C. 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Activism consists of efforts to promote, impede, or direct social, political, economic, or environmental reform or stasis with the desire to make improvements in society.
In linguistics, an adjective (abbreviated) is a describing word, the main syntactic role of which is to qualify a noun or noun phrase, giving more information about the object signified.
Afterlife (also referred to as life after death or the hereafter) is the belief that an essential part of an individual's identity or the stream of consciousness continues to manifest after the death of the physical body.
Alexandre Joseph Célestin Gendebien (Mons, 4 May 1789 - Brussels, 6 December 1869) was a lawyer in the United Kingdom of the Netherlands and later Belgium, where he also became minister of Justice.
Alluvium (from the Latin alluvius, from alluere, "to wash against") is loose, unconsolidated (not cemented together into a solid rock) soil or sediments, which has been eroded, reshaped by water in some form, and redeposited in a non-marine setting.
The Alps (Alpes; Alpen; Alpi; Alps; Alpe) are the highest and most extensive mountain range system that lies entirely in Europe,The Caucasus Mountains are higher, and the Urals longer, but both lie partly in Asia.
Amsterdam is the capital and most populous municipality of the Netherlands.
Anabaptism (from Neo-Latin anabaptista, from the Greek ἀναβαπτισμός: ἀνά- "re-" and βαπτισμός "baptism", Täufer, earlier also WiedertäuferSince the middle of the 20th century, the German-speaking world no longer uses the term "Wiedertäufer" (translation: "Re-baptizers"), considering it biased. The term Täufer (translation: "Baptizers") is now used, which is considered more impartial. From the perspective of their persecutors, the "Baptizers" baptized for the second time those "who as infants had already been baptized". The denigrative term Anabaptist signifies rebaptizing and is considered a polemical term, so it has been dropped from use in modern German. However, in the English-speaking world, it is still used to distinguish the Baptizers more clearly from the Baptists, a Protestant sect that developed later in England. Cf. their self-designation as "Brethren in Christ" or "Church of God":.) is a Christian movement which traces its origins to the Radical Reformation.
The Ancien Régime (French for "old regime") was the political and social system of the Kingdom of France from the Late Middle Ages (circa 15th century) until 1789, when hereditary monarchy and the feudal system of French nobility were abolished by the.
Sir Anthony van Dyck (many variant spellings; 22 March 1599 – 9 December 1641) was a Flemish Baroque artist who became the leading court painter in England, after enjoying great success in Italy and the Southern Netherlands.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Antwerp International Airport is a small international airport serving Antwerp, the second most populous city of Belgium.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
The Arrondissement of Aalst is one of the six administrative arrondissements in the Province of East Flanders, Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Antwerp is one of the three administrative arrondissements in the Province of Antwerp, Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Bruges (Arrondissement Brugge; Arrondissement de Bruges) is one of the eight administrative arrondissements in the Province of West Flanders, Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Brussels-Capital (Arrondissement de Bruxelles-Capitale; Arrondissement Brussel-Hoofdstad; Verwaltungsbezirk Brüssel-Hauptstadt) is the only administrative arrondissement in the Brussels-Capital Region in Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Dendermonde is one of the six administrative arrondissements in the Province of East Flanders, Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Diksmuide is one of the eight administrative arrondissements in the Province of West Flanders, Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Eeklo is one of the six administrative arrondissements in the Province of East Flanders, Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Ghent is the largest of the six administrative arrondissements in the Province of East Flanders, Belgium.
The Halle-Vilvoorde Arrondissement is one of the two administrative arrondissements in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant.
The Arrondissement of Hasselt (Arrondissement Hasselt; Arrondissement de Hasselt) is one of the three administrative arrondissements in the Province of Limburg, Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Kortrijk is one of the eight administrative arrondissements in the Province of West Flanders, Belgium.
The Leuven Arrondissement is one of two arrondissements in the Belgian province of Flemish Brabant.
The Arrondissement of Maaseik is one of the three administrative arrondissements in the Province of Limburg, Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Mechelen (Arrondissement Mechelen; Arrondissement de Malines) is one of the three administrative arrondissements in the Province of Antwerp, Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Ostend (Arrondissement Oostende; Arrondissement d'Ostende) is one of the eight administrative arrondissements in the Province of West Flanders, Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Oudenaarde is one of the six administrative arrondissements in the Province of East Flanders, Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Roeselare (Arrondissement Roeselare; Arrondissement de Roulers) is one of the eight administrative arrondissements in the Province of West Flanders, Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Sint-Niklaas is one of the six administrative arrondissements in the Province of East Flanders, Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Tielt (Arrondissement Tielt; Arrondissement de Tielt) is one of the eight administrative arrondissements in the Province of West Flanders, Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Tongeren (Arrondissement Tongeren; Arrondissement de Tongres) is one of the three administrative arrondissements in the Province of Limburg, Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Turnhout (Arrondissement Turnhout; Arrondissement de Turnhout) is one of the three administrative arrondissements in the Province of Antwerp, Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Veurne (Arrondissement Veurne; Arrondissement de Furnes) is one of the eight administrative arrondissements in the Province of West Flanders, Belgium.
The Arrondissement of Ypres (Arrondissement Ieper; Arrondissement d'Ypres) is one of the eight administrative arrondissements in the Province of West Flanders, Belgium.
Arrondissements of Belgium are subdivisions below the provinces of Belgium.
Association football, more commonly known as football or soccer, is a team sport played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball.
The term Augustinians, named after Augustine of Hippo (354–430), applies to two distinct types of Catholic religious orders, dating back to the first millennium but formally created in the 13th century, and some Anglican religious orders, created in the 19th century, though technically there is no "Order of St.
The Austrian Netherlands (Oostenrijkse Nederlanden; Pays-Bas Autrichiens; Österreichische Niederlande; Belgium Austriacum) was the larger part of the Southern Netherlands between 1714 and 1797.
Émile Adolphe Gustave Verhaeren (21 May 1855 – 27 November 1916) was a Belgian poet who wrote in the French language, art critic, and one of the chief founders of the school of Symbolism.
Baarle-Hertog is a Flemish municipality of Belgium, much of which consists of a number of small Belgian exclaves in the Netherlands.
Baarle-Nassau is a municipality and town in the southern Netherlands, located in province of North Brabant.
Baldwin I (probably 830s – 879), also known as Baldwin Iron Arm (the epithet is first recorded in the 12th century), was the first Margrave of Flanders.
Baldwin V of Hainaut (1150 – 17 December 1195) was count of Hainaut (1171–1195), margrave of Namur as Baldwin I (1189–1195) and count of Flanders as Baldwin VIII (1191–1195).
BASF SE is a German chemical company and the largest chemical producer in the world.
The Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag, Bataille des éperons d'or), also known as the Battle of Courtrai, was a battle fought between the Kingdom of France and the County of Flanders at Kortrijk (Courtrai in French) in modern-day Belgium on 11 July 1302.
The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Beeldenstorm in Dutch, roughly translatable to "statue storm", or Bildersturm in German ("image/statue storm"), also the Great Iconoclasm or Iconoclastic Fury, is a term used for outbreaks of destruction of religious images that occurred in Europe in the 16th century.
The Belgae were a large Gallic-Germanic confederation of tribes living in northern Gaul, between the English Channel, the west bank of the Rhine, and northern bank of the river Seine, from at least the third century BC.
The 2007 Belgian federal election took place on Sunday 10 June 2007.
Elections for the Federal Parliament were held in Belgium on 13 June 2010, during the midst of the 2007-11 Belgian political crisis.
The Belgian Federal Parliament is the bicameral parliament of Belgium.
The Belgian franc (Franc belge, Belgische frank, Belgischer Franken) was the currency of the Kingdom of Belgium from 1832 until 2002 when the Euro was introduced.
The Belgian provincial, municipal and district elections of 2012 took place on 14 October.
Regional elections were held in Belgium on 7 June 2009 to choose representatives in the regional parliaments of Flanders, Wallonia, Brussels and the German-speaking Community of Belgium.
The Belgian Revolution (Belgische Revolution) was the conflict which led to the secession of the southern provinces (mainly the former Southern Netherlands) from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands and the establishment of an independent Kingdom of Belgium.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
The Belgium–Luxembourg Economic Union (Belgisch-Luxemburgse Economische Unie, Union économique belgo-luxembourgeoise, Belsch-Lëtzebuerger Wirtschaftsunioun), abbreviated to BLEU or UEBL, is an economic union between Belgium and Luxembourg, two countries in the Benelux Union.
The Berber languages, also known as Berber or the Amazigh languages (Berber name: Tamaziɣt, Tamazight; Neo-Tifinagh: ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵖⵜ, Tuareg Tifinagh: ⵜⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗⵜ, ⵝⴰⵎⴰⵣⵉⵗⵝ), are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family.
Bernard Hinault (born 14 November 1954) is a French former professional cyclist who won the Tour de France five times.
The Black Death, also known as the Great Plague, the Black Plague, or simply the Plague, was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, resulting in the deaths of an estimated people in Eurasia and peaking in Europe from 1347 to 1351.
Bloso was the shortened name for the Flemish sports agency.
The Blue Banana (banane bleue, also known as the European Megalopolis or the Manchester–Milan Axis) is a discontinuous corridor of urbanisation spreading over Western and Central Europe, with a population of around 111 million.
The Bourgeois Government (Regering-Bourgeois) is the Flemish Government formed following the 2014 Flemish Parliament election.
The bourgeoisie is a polysemous French term that can mean.
Bruges (Brugge; Bruges; Brügge) is the capital and largest city of the province of West Flanders in the Flemish Region of Belgium, in the northwest of the country.
The Brugse Vrije was a castellany in the county of Flanders, often called in English 'the Franc of Bruges'.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
Brussels Airport (also called Brussel-Nationaal / Bruxelles-National (Brussels-National) or Zaventem) is an international airport northeast of Brussels, the capital of Belgium.
The Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor Affairs (DRL) is a bureau within the United States Department of State.
In the history of the Low Countries, the Burgundian Netherlands (Pays-Bas Bourguignons., Bourgondische Nederlanden, Burgundeschen Nidderlanden, Bas Payis borguignons) were a number of Imperial and French fiefs ruled in personal union by the House of Valois-Burgundy and their Habsburg heirs in the period from 1384 to 1482.
BVN (Het beste van Vlaanderen en Nederland, "The best of Flanders and the Netherlands"), is a satellite and cable television channel providing Dutch and Flemish public-service television to viewers around the world.
Calcium is a chemical element with symbol Ca and atomic number 20.
Calvinism (also called the Reformed tradition, Reformed Christianity, Reformed Protestantism, or the Reformed faith) is a major branch of Protestantism that follows the theological tradition and forms of Christian practice of John Calvin and other Reformation-era theologians.
The Campine (French) or De Kempen (Dutch) is a natural region situated chiefly in north-eastern Belgium and parts of the south-eastern Netherlands which once consisted mainly of extensive moors, tracts of sandy heath, and wetlands.
Canvas is a Belgian television channel, which forms part of the Flemish public broadcasting organisation Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie (VRT).
Catholic schools are parochial schools or education ministries of the Roman Catholic Church.
The Catholic University of Leuven (of Louvain in French, and historically in English), founded as the Catholic University of Mechelen in 1834 and transferred to the town of Leuven in 1835, was considered the largest, oldest and most prominent university in Belgium.
Célestin Freinet (15 October 1896 in Gars, Alpes-Maritimes – 8 October 1966 in Vence) was a noted French pedagogue and educational reformer.
The Celtic languages are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic, or "Common Celtic"; a branch of the greater Indo-European language family.
Central European Summer Time (CEST), sometime referred also as Central European Daylight Time (CEDT), is the standard clock time observed during the period of summer daylight-saving in those European countries which observe Central European Time (UTC+1) during the other part of the year.
Central European Time (CET), used in most parts of Europe and a few North African countries, is a standard time which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).
Charles Latour Rogier (17 August 1800 – 27 May 1885) was a Belgian liberal statesman and a leader in the Belgian Revolution of 1830.
Charles the Bald (13 June 823 – 6 October 877) was the King of West Francia (843–877), King of Italy (875–877) and Holy Roman Emperor (875–877, as Charles II).
Charles V (Carlos; Karl; Carlo; Karel; Carolus; 24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of both the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and the Spanish Empire (as Charles I of Spain) from 1516, as well as of the lands of the former Duchy of Burgundy from 1506.
A chemical substance, also known as a pure substance, is a form of matter that consists of molecules of the same composition and structure.
Christian Democratic and Flemish (Dutch: Christen-Democratisch en Vlaams, CD&V) is a Christian democratic Flemish political party in Belgium.
The City of Brussels (French: Ville de Bruxelles or alternatively Bruxelles-Ville, Dutch: Stad Brussel or Brussel-Stad) is the largest municipality and historical centre of the Brussels-Capital Region, and the de jure capital of Belgium.
The classic cycle races are the most prestigious one-day professional road cycling races in the international calendar.
Clay is a finely-grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with possible traces of quartz (SiO2), metal oxides (Al2O3, MgO etc.) and organic matter.
Belgium is a federal state comprising three communities, three regions, and four language areas.
Concentra Inc., is a national health care company founded in 1979 in Amarillo, Texas.
The Confederation of Christian Trade Unions (Algemeen Christelijk Vakverbond, ACV; Confédération des syndicats chrétiens, CSC) is the largest national trade union federation in Belgium. It was founded in 1904, and after several changes took its current name in 1923. The ACV/CSC has 22 regional federation and 16 sectoral unions, with a membership of 1.7 million (almost 16% of the total Belgian population). It evolved out of the "Anti-Socialist Cotton Workers' Union", which was founded in 1886. The president is currently and the secretary general is Marie-Hélène Ska.
The Congress of Vienna (Wiener Kongress) also called Vienna Congress, was a meeting of ambassadors of European states chaired by Austrian statesman Klemens von Metternich, and held in Vienna from November 1814 to June 1815, though the delegates had arrived and were already negotiating by late September 1814.
A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution.
The Count of Flanders was the ruler or sub-ruler of the county of Flanders, beginning in the 9th century.
The Counter-Reformation, also called the Catholic Reformation or the Catholic Revival, was the period of Catholic resurgence initiated in response to the Protestant Reformation, beginning with the Council of Trent (1545–1563) and ending at the close of the Thirty Years' War (1648).
The County of Flanders (Graafschap Vlaanderen, Comté de Flandre) was a historic territory in the Low Countries.
The County of Hainaut (Comté de Hainaut, Graafschap Henegouwen; Grafschaft Hennegau), sometimes given the archaic spellings Hainault and Heynowes, was a historical lordship within the medieval Holy Roman Empire, with its capital at Mons (Bergen).
The County of Loon was a province of the ancien regime Holy Roman Empire, which by 1190 came under the overlordship of the Prince-bishop of Liège.
A currency union (also known as monetary union) involves two or more states sharing the same currency without them necessarily having any further integration (such as an economic and monetary union, which would have, in addition, a customs union and a single market).
A customs union was defined by the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade as a type of trade bloc which is composed of a free trade area with a common external tariff.
Daens is a 1992 Belgian period drama film directed by Stijn Coninx, after a novel by Louis Paul Boon.
Daniel François Esprit Auber (29 January 178212/13 May 1871) was a French composer.
Vlaamse Vervoersmaatschappij De Lijn (English: Flemish transport company De Lijn), usually known as De Lijn ("The Line"), is a company run by the Flemish government in Belgium to provide public transportation with about 2240 buses and 399 trams.
De Morgen (Dutch for The Morning) is a Flemish newspaper with a circulation of 53,860.
De Persgroep is a Belgian publishing company owning media assets in Belgium, Denmark, and the Netherlands.
De Standaard (meaning The Standard in English) is a Flemish daily newspaper published in Belgium by Mediahuis (formerly Corelio and VUM).
De Tijd (The Times) is a Belgian newspaper that mainly focuses on business and economics.
De Vlaamse Leeuw ("The Flemish Lion") is the official anthem of Flanders, a region and community in the federal Kingdom of Belgium.
A deelgemeente (literally part-municipality) or section de commune (French) is a subdivision of a municipality in Belgium and, until March 2014, in the Netherlands as well.
A demonym (δῆμος dẽmos "people, tribe", ὄόνομα ónoma "name") is a word that identifies residents or natives of a particular place, which is derived from the name of that particular place.
Deux-Nèthes (Twee Nethen) was a department of the First French Empire in present-day Belgium and the Netherlands.
The Di Rupo Government was the federal cabinet of Belgium sworn in on 6 December 2011, after a record-breaking 541 days of negotiations following the June 2010 elections.
The Digital Library for Dutch Literature (Dutch: Digitale Bibliotheek voor de Nederlandse Letteren or DBNL) is a website (showing the abbreviation as dbnl) about Dutch language and Dutch literature.
Diksmuide (Dixmude, West Flemish: Diksmude) is a Belgian city and municipality in the Flemish province of West Flanders.
A diphthong (or; from Greek: δίφθογγος, diphthongos, literally "two sounds" or "two tones"), also known as a gliding vowel, is a combination of two adjacent vowel sounds within the same syllable.
Dissent is a sentiment or philosophy of non-agreement or opposition to a prevailing idea (e.g., a government's policies) or an entity (e.g., an individual or political party which supports such policies).
The Belgian city of Antwerp consists of nine former municipalities (called deelgemeenten) which have the special status of district.
A drawing pin (British English) or thumb tack (North American English) is a short nail or pin used to fasten items to a wall or board for display and intended to be inserted by hand, usually using the thumb.
The Duchy of Brabant was a State of the Holy Roman Empire established in 1183.
The Duchy of Burgundy (Ducatus Burgundiae; Duché de Bourgogne) emerged in the 9th century as one of the successors of the ancient Kingdom of the Burgundians, which after its conquest in 532 had formed a constituent part of the Frankish Empire.
Duke of Alba de Tormes (Duque de Alba de Tormes), commonly known as Duke of Alba, is a title of Spanish nobility that is accompanied by the dignity of Grandee of Spain.
The Dutch Golden Age (Gouden Eeuw) was a period in the history of the Netherlands, roughly spanning the 17th century, in which Dutch trade, science, military, and art were among the most acclaimed in the world.
The Dutch language is a West Germanic language, spoken by around 23 million people as a first language (including the population of the Netherlands where it is the official language, and about sixty percent of Belgium where it is one of the three official languages) and by another 5 million as a second language.
The Dutch Language Union (Dutch:, NTU) is an international regulatory institution that governs issues regarding the Dutch language.
The Dutch Republic was a republic that existed from the formal creation of a confederacy in 1581 by several Dutch provinces (which earlier seceded from the Spanish rule) until the Batavian Revolution in 1795.
The Dutch School were painters in the Netherlands from the early Renaissance to the Baroque.
Dutch-language literature comprises all writings of literary merit written through the ages in the Dutch language, a language which currently has around 23 million native speakers.
Dwars door Vlaanderen (Across Flanders) is a semi-classic road bicycle race in Belgium, held annually since 1945.
Dyle was a department of the First French Empire in present-day Belgium.
The early modern period of modern history follows the late Middle Ages of the post-classical era.
Early Netherlandish painting is the work of artists, sometimes known as the Flemish Primitives, active in the Burgundian and Habsburg Netherlands during the 15th- and 16th-century Northern Renaissance; especially in the flourishing cities of Bruges, Ghent, Mechelen, Louvain, Tournai and Brussels, all in contemporary Belgium.
East Flanders (Dutch: Oost-Vlaanderen, (Province de) Flandre-Orientale, Ostflandern) is a province of Flanders, one of the three regions of Belgium.
Édouard Louis Joseph, baron Merckx (born 17 June 1945), better known as Eddy Merckx, is a Belgian former professional road and track bicycle racer who is widely seen as the most successful rider in the history of competitive cycling.
The education in the Flemish Community covers the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium and consists of three networks (netten): government-provided education (gemeenschapsonderwijs), subsidized public schools (by provinces and municipalities) and subsidized free schools (mainly affiliated to the Catholic church).
An electoral list is a grouping of candidates for election, usually in proportional election systems, but also in some plurality election systems.
An enclave is a territory, or a part of a territory, that is entirely surrounded by the territory of one other state.
Erik Ludovicus Maria Van Looy is a Belgian film director known for his thriller movies.
Andreas Ernestus Josephus Claes (24 October 1885 in Zichem – 2 September 1968 in Elsene) was a Flemish author.
Escaut was a department of the First French Empire in present-day Belgium and Netherlands.
An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea.
Eupen-Malmedy or Eupen-Malmédy is a small, predominantly German-speaking region in eastern Belgium.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
The European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) was an organisation of 6 European countries set up after World War II to regulate their industrial production under a centralised authority.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
Eurostat is a Directorate-General of the European Commission located in Luxembourg.
F.C. De Kampioenen (F.C. The Champions) is a long-running Flemish sitcom chronicling the (mis)adventures of a fictional local football team.
The Siege of Antwerp took place during the Eighty Years' War from July 1584 until August 1585.
The FPS Economy, SMEs, Self-Employed and Energy (FOD Economie, KMO, Middenstand en Energie, SPF Économie, PME, Classes moyennes et Énergie, FÖD Wirtschaft, KMU, Mittelstand und Energie), more commonly known as the FPS Economy, is a Federal Public Service of Belgium.
A federated state (which may also be referred to by various terms such as a state, a province, a canton, a land) is a territorial and constitutional community forming part of a federation.
Leopold Maximiliaan Felix Timmermans (5 July 1886 – 24 January 1947) is a much translated author of Flanders.
Fernando Álvarez de Toledo y Pimentel, 3rd Duke of Alba, GE, KOGF, GR (29 October 150711 December 1582), known as the Grand Duke of Alba in Spain and the Iron Duke in the Netherlands, was a Spanish noble, general, and diplomat.
Feudalism was a combination of legal and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries.
A fief (feudum) was the central element of feudalism and consisted of heritable property or rights granted by an overlord to a vassal who held it in fealty (or "in fee") in return for a form of feudal allegiance and service, usually given by the personal ceremonies of homage and fealty.
The First French Empire (Empire Français) was the empire of Napoleon Bonaparte of France and the dominant power in much of continental Europe at the beginning of the 19th century.
Fixkes is a Belgian band from Stabroek, near Antwerp.
Flanders Classics is an official cooperation among the organizers of the classic cycle races held in Flanders.
Flanders District of Creativity or Flanders DC is a non-profit organization founded by the Flemish government, on 7 May 2004, to make the Flemish economy more competitive through creativity, entrepreneurship, and further internationalization.
Flanders’ DRIVE is a Flemish non-profit organization.
Flanders International Airport or Flanders Airport is an airport located in Belgium, in the town of Wevelgem and partly also in the Bissegem section of the city of Kortrijk (west.
Flemish (Vlaams), also called Flemish Dutch (Vlaams-Nederlands), Belgian Dutch (Belgisch-Nederlands), or Southern Dutch (Zuid-Nederlands), is any of the varieties of the Dutch language dialects spoken in Flanders, the northern part of Belgium, as well as French Flanders and the Dutch Zeelandic Flanders by approximately 6.5 million people.
The term Flemish Community (Vlaamse Gemeenschap; Communauté flamande; Flämische Gemeinschaft) has two distinct, though related, meanings.
The Vlaamse Gemeenschapscommissie (or VGC, or, in English, the Flemish Community Commission) is the local representative of the Flemish authorities in the Brussels-Capital Region, one of the three regions of Belgium.
The Flemish Diamond (in Dutch: Vlaamse Ruit) is the Flemish reference to a network of four metropolitan areas in Belgium, three of which are in the central provinces of Flanders, together with the Brussels Capital Region.
The Flemish Government (Dutch) is the executive branch of the Flemish Community and the Flemish Region of Belgium.
Flemish immigration to Wallonia was an important phenomenon in the History of Belgium.
The Flemish institute for technological research (Vlaamse Instelling voor Technologisch Onderzoek or VITO), is a research centre, located in the township of Donk which is part of the municipality of Mol, Antwerp, Flanders, Belgium.
Flemish literature is literature from Flanders, historically a region comprising parts of present-day Belgium, France and the Netherlands.
The Flemish Movement (Vlaamse Beweging) is the political movement for greater autonomy of the Belgian region of Flanders, for protection of the Dutch language, for the overall protection of Flemish culture and history, and in some cases, for splitting from Belgium and forming an independent state.
Flemish painting flourished from the early 15th century until the 17th century, gradually becoming distinct from the painting of the rest of the Low Countries, especially the modern Netherlands.
The Flemish Parliament (Dutch:, and formerly called Flemish Council or Vlaamse Raad) constitutes the legislative power in Flanders, for matters which fall within the competence of Flanders, both as a geographic region and a cultural community of Belgium (unlike the French-speaking community and Wallonia, which each have separate legislatures - the Parliament of the French Community and the Walloon Parliament).
The Flemish or Flemings are a Germanic ethnic group native to Flanders, in modern Belgium, who speak Dutch, especially any of its dialects spoken in historical Flanders, known collectively as Flemish Dutch.
The Flemish Region (Vlaams Gewest,; Région flamande) is one of the three official regions of the Kingdom of Belgium—alongside the Walloon Region and the Brussels-Capital Region.
Tout ça (ne nous rendra pas la Belgique) or Bye Bye Belgium, also called "The Flemish Secession Hoax," was a hoax perpetrated by the French-language Belgian public TV station RTBF on Wednesday, December 13, 2006.
The Four members (Vier Leden) consisted of Bruges, Franc of Bruges, Ghent and Ypres gathered together in a medieval parliament.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The Francization (or Francisation) of Brussels (Francisation de Bruxelles, Verfransing van Brussel) refers to the transformation of Brussels, Belgium, from a majority Dutch-speaking city to one that is bilingual or even multilingual, with French as both the majority language and lingua franca.
The designation Franco-Flemish School, also called Netherlandish School, Burgundian School, Low Countries School, Flemish School, Dutch School, or Northern School, refers, somewhat imprecisely, to the style of polyphonic vocal music composition originating from the Burgundian Netherlands in the 15th and 16th centuries as well as to the composers who wrote it.
The Franco-Flemish War (also called Flanders’ War of Liberation) was a conflict between the Kingdom of France and the County of Flanders between 1297 and 1305.
Freethought (or "free thought") is a philosophical viewpoint which holds that positions regarding truth should be formed on the basis of logic, reason, and empiricism, rather than authority, tradition, revelation, or dogma.
In the history of France, the First Republic (French: Première République), officially the French Republic (République française), was founded on 22 September 1792 during the French Revolution.
French Flanders (La Flandre française; Frans-Vlaanderen) is a part of the historical County of Flanders in present-day France where Flemings and the Dutch were traditionally the dominant ethnic groups and where Dutch was or still is traditionally spoken.
French (le français or la langue française) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family.
Gallia Belgica ("Belgic Gaul") was a province of the Roman empire located in the north-eastern part of Roman Gaul, in what is today primarily Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands.
Lille Flandres is the main railway station of Lille, capital of French Flanders.
Gaston Karel Mathilde Burssens (18 February 1896 – 29 January 1965) was a Belgian Expressionist poet.
The Gazet van Antwerpen (Antwerp Gazette, popularly named De Frut, "sour head cheese") is a Belgian newspaper in Antwerp and Flanders, published by Concentra.
Geert Albert Bourgeois (born 6 July 1951) is a Belgian lawyer and politician, who is a member of the separatist party New Flemish Alliance, N-VA). Since 2014, he has been the Minister-President of Flanders and Flemish Minister for Foreign Policy and architectural heritage.
Gent–Wevelgem, officially Gent–Wevelgem – In Flanders Fields, is a road cycling race in Belgium, held annually since 1934.
The Gentse Feesten ("Ghent Festival") is a music and theatre festival in the city of Ghent, Belgium.
The German-speaking Community of Belgium (Deutschsprachige Gemeinschaft Belgiens, DG; Communauté germanophone de Belgique; Duitstalige Gemeenschap van België) or Eastern Belgium (Ostbelgien; Belgique de l'est; Oost-België) is one of the three federal communities of Belgium.
Germania Inferior ("Lower Germany") was a Roman province located on the west bank of the Rhine.
The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo-European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania, and Southern Africa.
The Germanic peoples (also called Teutonic, Suebian, or Gothic in older literature) are an Indo-European ethno-linguistic group of Northern European origin.
Germany (Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesrepublik Deutschland), is a sovereign state in central-western Europe.
Ghent (Gent; Gand) is a city and a municipality in the Flemish Region of Belgium.
Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis characterized by recurrent attacks of a red, tender, hot, and swollen joint.
Groen (English: Green; Groen), founded as Agalev (see name-section below), is a green political party in Belgium.
Guido Pieter Theodorus Josephus Gezelle (1 May 1830 – 27 November 1899) was an influential writer and poet and a Roman Catholic priest from Belgium.
The Hanseaten (Hanseatics) is a collective term for the hierarchy group (so called First Families) consisting of elite individuals and families of prestigious rank who constituted the ruling class of the free imperial city of Hamburg, conjointly with the equal First Families of the free imperial cities Bremen and Lübeck.
Hasselt is a Belgian city and municipality, and capital of the province of Limburg.
Hector is a Belgian comedy-drama film, directed by Stijn Coninx starring Urbanus and Sylvia Millecam.
Heinrich von Veldeke (aka: He(y)nric van Veldeke(n), Dutch Hendrik van Veldeke, born before or around 1150 – died after 1184) is the first writer in the Low Countries known by name who wrote in a European language other than Latin.
Helmut Lotti (born Helmut Barthold Johannes Alma Lotigiers on 22 October 1969), is a Belgian tenorGoldsmith B (2009).
Henri or Hendrik Conscience (3 December 1812 – 10 September 1883) was a Belgian author.
Herman Frans Martha Brusselmans (born 9 October 1957) is a Flemish novelist, poet, playwright and columnist.
Herman de Coninck (21 February 1944 – 22 May 1997) was a Belgian poet, essayist, journalist and publisher.
Herstappe is a Flemish municipality located in the Belgian province of Limburg.
Het Belang van Limburg (Dutch; literally The Interest of Limburg) is a Dutch language regional newspaper in Belgium.
Het Laatste Nieuws (in English The Latest News) is a Dutch language newspaper based in Brussels, Belgium.
Het Nieuwsblad (The Newspaper) is a Belgian newspaper that mainly focusses on "a broad view" regarding politics, culture, economics, lifestyle, society and sports.
Higher education (also called post-secondary education, third-level or tertiary education) is an optional final stage of formal learning that occurs after completion of secondary education.
The history of art focuses on objects made by humans in visual form for aesthetic purposes.
The history of the Jews in Antwerp, Belgium goes back at least eight hundred years.
Judaism has a long history in Belgium, from the 1st century CE until today.
The Holy Roman Emperor (historically Romanorum Imperator, "Emperor of the Romans") was the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire (800-1806 AD, from Charlemagne to Francis II).
The Holy Roman Empire (Sacrum Romanum Imperium; Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic but mostly German complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806.
The House of Habsburg (traditionally spelled Hapsburg in English), also called House of Austria was one of the most influential and distinguished royal houses of Europe.
Hugo Maurice Julien Claus (5 April 1929 – 19 March 2008) was a leading Belgian author who published under his own name as well as various pseudonyms.
HUMO is a popular Dutch-language Belgian weekly radio and television supermarket tabloid.
The Hundred Years' War was a series of conflicts waged from 1337 to 1453 by the House of Plantagenet, rulers of the Kingdom of England, against the House of Valois, over the right to rule the Kingdom of France.
IconoclasmLiterally, "image-breaking", from κλάω.
The IJzerbedevaart (Pilgrimage of the Yser) is a yearly gathering of Flemings, at the IJzertoren in Diksmuide.
Imec is an international R&D and innovation hub, active in the fields of nanoelectronics and digital technologies.
The Industrial Revolution was the transition to new manufacturing processes in the period from about 1760 to sometime between 1820 and 1840.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC; French: Comité International Olympique, CIO) is a Swiss private non-governmental organisation based in Lausanne, Switzerland, which is the authority responsible for the modern Olympic Games.
ISO 3166-2:BE is the entry for Belgium in ISO 3166-2, part of the ISO 3166 standard published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), which defines codes for the names of the principal subdivisions (e.g. provinces or states) of all countries coded in ISO 3166-1.
J.M. Meulenhoff is a Dutch publishing house, founded in 1895 by Johannes Marius Meulenhoff.
Jacques Anquetil (8 January 1934 – 18 November 1987) was a French road racing cyclist and the first cyclist to win the Tour de France five times, in 1957 and from 1961 to 1964.
Jacques Jean Marie Rogge, Count Rogge (born 2 May 1942) is a Belgian sports administrator and physician who served as the eighth President of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) from 2001 to 2013.
Jan Peter Peumans (born 6 January 1951 in Maastricht) is a Belgian politician from the Flemish province of Limburg.
Joseph-Jean Raikem or Jean-Joseph Raikem (Liege, 28 April 1787 - 24 January 1875) was a Roman Catholic Belgian politician, president of the National Congress of Belgium, magistrate and historian.
Jean-Marie Louis Dedecker (born 13 June 1952) is a Belgian Flemish politician.
Jean-Marie Pfaff (born 4 December 1953 in Lebbeke) is a Belgian former football goalkeeper who spent most of his professional career with Beveren and Bayern Munich.
Joanna, Duchess of Brabant (24 June 1322 – 1 November 1406), also known as Jeanne, was a ruling Duchess of Brabant from 1355 until her death She was the heiress of Duke John III, and Marie d'Évreux.
Gaius Julius Caesar (12 or 13 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC), known by his cognomen Julius Caesar, was a Roman politician and military general who played a critical role in the events that led to the demise of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire.
Justine Henin (born 1 June 1982), between 2002 and 2007 Justine Hénin-Hardenne, is a Belgian former professional tennis player known for her all-court style of play and notably being one of the few female players to use a single-handed backhand.
The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems.
Ketnet is a public children's television channel in Flanders, Belgium owned and operated by the VRT, Flanders' public broadcaster.
Kim Antonie Lode Clijsters (born 8 June 1983) is a Belgian former professional tennis player.
Kim Gevaert (born 5 August 1978 in Leuven) is a former sprint athlete from Belgium.
Knack is a Belgian (Flemish) weekly news magazine covering local news, politics, sports, business, jobs, and community events.
Koko Flanel is a Belgian comedy movie directed by Stijn Coninx starring Urbanus, Bea Van Der Maat, Willeke van Ammelrooy, Herbert Flack and Ann Petersen.
Kortrijk (in English also Courtrai or Courtray; official name in Dutch: Kortrijk,; West Flemish: Kortryk or Kortrik, Courtrai,; Cortoriacum) is a Belgian city and municipality in the Flemish province of West Flanders.
Kristien Hemmerechts (born 27 August 1955) is a Belgian writer.
The Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (in English: Catholic University of Leuven), abbreviated KU Leuven, is a research university in the Dutch-speaking town of Leuven in Flanders, Belgium.
La muette de Portici (The Dumb Girl of Portici, or The Mute Girl of Portici), also called Masaniello in some versions, is an opera in five acts by Daniel Auber, with a libretto by Germain Delavigne, revised by Eugène Scribe.
Laïcité, literally "secularity", is a French concept of secularism.
Lance Edward Armstrong (born Lance Edward Gunderson on September 18, 1971) is a former American professional road racing cyclist.
The Landgraviate of Brabant (1085–1183) was a small medieval fiefdom west of Brussels, consisting of the area between the Dender and Zenne rivers in the Low Countries, then part of the Holy Roman Empire.
This article outlines the legislative chronology concerning the use of official languages in Belgium.
Leuven or Louvain (Louvain,; Löwen) is the capital of the province of Flemish Brabant in Belgium.
Liège (Lîdje; Luik,; Lüttich) is the easternmost province of Wallonia and Belgium.
Libertarian, Direct, Democratic (Libertair, Direct, Democratisch; LDD) is a conservative-liberal, libertarian, and right-wing populist Flemish political party in Belgium.
Lille (Rijsel; Rysel) is a city at the northern tip of France, in French Flanders.
Limburg (Dutch and Limburgish: Limburg; Limbourg) is a province in Belgium.
Limburg (Dutch and Limburgish: (Nederlands-)Limburg; Limbourg) is the southernmost of the 12 provinces of the Netherlands.
The 19 municipalities of the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest) are the political subdivisions of Belgium's central region.
The Flemish Region of Belgium is divided into 308 municipalities, listed in the table below.
Loft is a 2008 Belgian erotic mystery film directed by Erik Van Looy and written by Bart De Pauw, starring an ensemble cast of notable Flemish actors.
Louis Gustave le Doulcet, comte de Pontécoulant (17 November 1764 – 3 April 1853) was a French politician.
Louis II of Flanders (Lodewijk van Male; Louis II de Flandre) (25 October 1330, Male – 30 January 1384, Lille), also known as Louis of Male, a member of the House of Dampierre, was Count of Flanders, Nevers and Rethel from 1346 as well as Count of Artois and Burgundy from 1382 until his death.
Louis Paul Boon (15 March 1912, in Aalst – 10 May 1979, in Erembodegem) was a Flemish novelist and competes only with Hugo Claus (1929-2008) for the title of most important twentieth-century Flemish writer in the Dutch language.
Louvain-la-Neuve (French for New Leuven) is a planned city in the municipality of Ottignies-Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, situated 30 km southeast of Brussels, in the French-speaking part of the country.
The Low Countries or, in the geographic sense of the term, the Netherlands (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays Bas) is a coastal region in northwestern Europe, consisting especially of the Netherlands and Belgium, and the low-lying delta of the Rhine, Meuse, Scheldt, and Ems rivers where much of the land is at or below sea level.
Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity which identifies with the theology of Martin Luther (1483–1546), a German friar, ecclesiastical reformer and theologian.
Lys was a department of the First French Empire in present-day Belgium.
Maastricht (Limburgish: Mestreech; French: Maestricht; Spanish: Mastrique) is a city and a municipality in the southeast of the Netherlands.
Maastricht University (abbreviated as UM; Universiteit Maastricht) is a public university in Maastricht, Netherlands.
Manx (formerly sometimes spelled Manks) is an adjective (and derived noun) describing things or people related to the Isle of Man.
Marl or marlstone is a calcium carbonate or lime-rich mud or mudstone which contains variable amounts of clays and silt.
The Marsaci or Marsacii - also known as Marezaten - were a tribe in Roman imperial times, who lived within the area of the Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta, under Roman domination.
Maurice Polydore Marie Bernard Maeterlinck (also called Comte (Count) Maeterlinck from 1932; in Belgium, in France; 29 August 1862 – 6 May 1949) was a Belgian playwright, poet, and essayist who was Flemish but wrote in French.
Mediahuis is a Belgian newspaper publishing and broadcast media company.
Medieval communes in the European Middle Ages had sworn allegiances of mutual defense (both physical defense and of traditional freedoms) among the citizens of a town or city.
The Menapii were a Belgic tribe of northern Gaul in pre-Roman and Roman times.
The Mennonites are members of certain Christian groups belonging to the church communities of Anabaptist denominations named after Menno Simons (1496–1561) of Friesland (which today is a province of the Netherlands).
The Meuse (la Meuse; Walloon: Moûze) or Maas (Maas; Maos or Maas) is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea.
Meuse-Inférieure ("Lower Meuse"; or Beneden-Maas) was a department of the First French Empire in present-day Belgium, Netherlands and Germany.
In the history of Europe, the Middle Ages (or Medieval Period) lasted from the 5th to the 15th century.
Miguel Induráin Larraya (born 16 July 1964) is a retired Spanish road racing cyclist.
The Minister-President of Flanders (Minister-president van Vlaanderen) is the head of the Flemish Government, which is the executive branch of the Flemish Region and Flemish Community (see the communities, regions and language areas of Belgium).
Monotheism has been defined as the belief in the existence of only one god that created the world, is all-powerful and intervenes in the world.
The Montessori Method of education, developed by Maria Montessori, is a child-centered educational approach based on scientific observations of children from birth to adulthood.
The Morini were a Belgic tribe of northern Gaul.
Mosan art is a regional style of art from the valley of the Meuse in present-day Belgium, the Netherlands, and Germany.
There are 27 municipalities with language facilities in Belgium which must offer services to residents in Dutch, French or German, in addition to their official languages.
A music festival is a community event oriented towards live performances of singing and instrument playing that is often presented with a theme such as musical genre (e.g., blues, folk, jazz, classical music), nationality, or locality of musicians, or holiday.
Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars.
The National Congress (Congrès national, Nationaal Congres) was a temporary legislative assembly in 1830, established shortly after the Belgian Provisional Government had proclaimed national independence following the Belgian Revolution.
NMBS/SNCB (Nationale Maatschappij der Belgische Spoorwegen, Société nationale des chemins de fer belges, Nationale Gesellschaft der Belgischen Eisenbahnen) is the national railway company of Belgium.
The Nervii were one of the most powerful Celtic tribes,; living in northern Gaul at the time of its conquest by Rome.
The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.
The New Flemish Alliance (Nieuw-Vlaamse Alliantie, N-VA) is a Flemish nationalist and conservative political party in Belgium, founded in 2001.
Nord (North; Noorderdepartement) is a department in the far north of France.
The Nordwestblock ("Northwest Block") is a hypothetical Northwestern European cultural region that several scholars propose as a prehistoric culture in the present-day Netherlands, Belgium, northern France, and northwest Germany in an area approximately bounded by the rivers Somme, Oise, Meuse, and Elbe, and possibly extending to the eastern part of what is now England, during the Bronze and Iron Ages from the 3rd to 1st millennia BCE up to the onset of historical sources in the 1st century BCE.
North Brabant (Noord-Brabant), also unofficially called Brabant, is a province in the south of the Netherlands.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
North Walsham is a market town and civil parish in Norfolk, England within the North Norfolk district.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; Organisation de coopération et de développement économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 35 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction.
OP12 (English: On 12) was, from May 14, 2012 until December 31, 2014, the label for the third channel of the VRT for the broadcasts after 8pm (after the children's programs of Ketnet occurred).
Ostend–Bruges International Airport (Internationale Luchthaven Oostende-Brugge), commonly known simply as Ostend Airport (Luchthaven Oostende), is an international airport located south southwest of Ostend, Belgium, near the coast and about from the city centre of Bruges.
The partition of Belgium is a hypothetical situation which has been discussed by both Belgian and international media, especially in the context of events such as the 2007–11 Belgian political crisis.
Paul van Ostaijen (22 February 1896 – 18 March 1928) was a Belgian poet and writer.
The Peace of Westphalia (Westfälischer Friede) was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 in the Westphalian cities of Osnabrück and Münster that virtually ended the European wars of religion.
People's Union (Volksunie, VU) was a Flemish nationalist political party in Belgium, formed in 1954 as a successor to the Christian Flemish People's Union.
Sir Peter Paul Rubens (28 June 1577 – 30 May 1640) was a Flemish artist.
Philip II (Felipe II; 21 May 1527 – 13 September 1598), called "the Prudent" (el Prudente), was King of Spain (1556–98), King of Portugal (1581–98, as Philip I, Filipe I), King of Naples and Sicily (both from 1554), and jure uxoris King of England and Ireland (during his marriage to Queen Mary I from 1554–58).
Philip the Bold (17 January 1342 – 27 April 1404, Halle) was Duke of Burgundy (as Philip II) and jure uxoris Count of Flanders (as Philip II), Artois and Burgundy (as Philip IV).
Philip the Good (Philippe le Bon, Filips de Goede; 31 July 1396 – 15 June 1467) was Duke of Burgundy as Philip III from 1419 until his death.
Pillarisation (verzuiling) is the politico-denominational segregation of a society.
Plombières (Bleyberg or Bleiberg, Blieberg) is a Walloon municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège.
A polder is a low-lying tract of land enclosed by dikes that form an artificial hydrological entity, meaning it has no connection with outside water other than through manually operated devices.
The Port of Antwerp in Flanders, Belgium, is a port in the heart of Europe accessible to capesize ships.
The port of Ghent is the third biggest port in Belgium.
The port of Ostend (Dutch: Oostende) is situated in Ostend, West Flanders, Belgium.
The Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe, located in the city of Rotterdam, Netherlands.
The Port of Zeebrugge (also referred to as the Port of Bruges-Zeebrugge or Bruges Seaport) is a large container, bulk cargo, new vehicles and passenger ferry terminal port in the municipality of Bruges, Flanders, Belgium, handling over 50 million tonnes of cargo annually.
The Pragmatic Sanction of 1549 was an edict, promulgated by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, reorganizing the Seventeen Provinces of the present day Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg into one indivisible territory, while retaining existing customs, laws, and forms of government within the provinces.
Preventive healthcare (alternately preventive medicine, preventative healthcare/medicine, or prophylaxis) consists of measures taken for disease prevention, as opposed to disease treatment.
The Province of Brabant was a province in Belgium from 1830 to 1995.
The country of Belgium is divided into three regions.
The Provisional Government (Voorlopig Bewind; Gouvernement provisoire) was formed as a revolutionary committee of notables during the Belgian Revolution on 24 September 1830 at the Brussels City Hall under the name of Administrative Commission.
Pukkelpop is an annual music festival that takes place near the city of Hasselt, Belgium, in mid-to-late August.
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is a neoclassical economic theory that states that the exchange rate between two countries is equal to the ratio of the currencies' respective purchasing power.
The Reformation (or, more fully, the Protestant Reformation; also, the European Reformation) was a schism in Western Christianity initiated by Martin Luther and continued by Huldrych Zwingli, John Calvin and other Protestant Reformers in 16th century Europe.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
Rocco Granata (born 16 August 1938) is a Belgian singer, songwriter, and accordionist.
Rock Werchter is an annual music festival held in the village of Werchter, near Leuven, since 1976 and is a large sized annual rock music festival.
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Liège (Dioecesis Leodiensis) is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic church in Belgium.
The Roman Empire (Imperium Rōmānum,; Koine and Medieval Greek: Βασιλεία τῶν Ῥωμαίων, tr.) was the post-Roman Republic period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterized by government headed by emperors and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Africa and Asia.
ROSSEM or Radicale Omvormers en Sociale Strijders voor een Eerlijker Maatschappij is a Belgian libertarian political party founded in 1991 by the Flemish businessman and writer Jean-Pierre Van Rossem.
The Royal Question (Question royale, Koningskwestie) was a major political crisis in Belgium that lasted from 1945 to 1951, coming to a head between March and August 1950.
Radio Télévision Belge Francophone (RTBF) is the public broadcasting organization of the French Community of Belgium, the southern, French-speaking part of Belgium.
Saxe-Coburg (Sachsen-Coburg) was a duchy held by the Ernestine branch of the Wettin dynasty in today's Bavaria, Germany.
The Scheldt (l'Escaut, Escô, Schelde) is a long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands.
A person's second language or L2, is a language that is not the native language of the speaker, but that is used in the locale of that person.
In economics, a service is a transaction in which no physical goods are transferred from the seller to the buyer.
The Seventeen Provinces were the Imperial states of the Habsburg Netherlands in the 16th century.
Silva Carbonaria, the "charcoal forest", was the dense old-growth forest of beech and oak that formed a natural boundary during the Late Iron Age through Roman times into the Early Middle Ages across what is now western Wallonia.
The sixth state reform in the federal kingdom of Belgium is the result after the 2010–2011 Belgian government formation, with 541 days of negotiations the longest ever in Belgium and possibly the world.
Sociaal-Liberale Partij (SLP; Dutch for Social Liberal Party) was a Belgian Flemish political party formed after dissolution of the moderate nationalist People's Union (Volksunie) party.
Socialist Party Differently (sp.a) is a social-democratic Flemish political party in Belgium.
The Southern Netherlands, also called the Catholic Netherlands, was the part of the Low Countries largely controlled by Spain (1556–1714), later Austria (1714–1794), and occupied then annexed by France (1794–1815).
The Sovereign Principality of the United Netherlands (Souvereine Vorstendom der Verëenigde Nederlanden) was a short-lived sovereign principality and the precursor of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands, in which it was reunited with the Southern Netherlands in 1815.
The overseas expansion under the Crown of Castile was initiated under the royal authority and first accomplished by the Spanish conquistadors.
Spanish Netherlands (Países Bajos Españoles; Spaanse Nederlanden; Pays-Bas espagnols, Spanische Niederlande) was the collective name of States of the Holy Roman Empire in the Low Countries, held in personal union by the Spanish Crown (also called Habsburg Spain) from 1556 to 1714.
The Speaker of the Flemish Parliament (Voorzitter van het Vlaams Parlement) is the presiding member of the Flemish Parliament, which is the legislature of Flanders (Belgium).
A standard language or standard variety may be defined either as a language variety used by a population for public purposes or as a variety that has undergone standardization.
The term State reform in the Belgian context indicates a process towards finding constitutional and legal solutions for the problems and tensions among the different segments of the Belgian population, mostly Dutch-speakers of Flanders and French-speakers of Wallonia.
Stijn, Baron Coninx (born 21 February 1957) is a Belgian film director.
Stijn Streuvels (3 October 1871, Heule, Kortrijk - 15 August 1969, Ingooigem, Anzegem), born Franciscus (Frank) Petrus Maria Lateur, was a Belgian writer.
The Strait of Dover or Dover Strait, historically known as the Dover Narrows (pas de Calais - Strait of Calais); Nauw van Kales or Straat van Dover), is the strait at the narrowest part of the English Channel, marking the boundary between the Channel and North Sea, separating Great Britain from continental Europe. The shortest distance across the strait,, is from the South Foreland, northeast of Dover in the English county of Kent, to Cap Gris Nez, a cape near to Calais in the French département of Pas-de-Calais. Between these points lies the most popular route for cross-channel swimmers. The entire strait is within the territorial waters of France and the United Kingdom, but a right of transit passage under the UNCLOS exists allowing unrestricted shipping. On a clear day, it is possible to see the opposite coastline of England from France and vice versa with the naked eye, with the most famous and obvious sight being the white cliffs of Dover from the French coastline and shoreline buildings on both coastlines, as well as lights on either coastline at night, as in Matthew Arnold's poem "Dover Beach".
A subsidy is a form of financial aid or support extended to an economic sector (or institution, business, or individual) generally with the aim of promoting economic and social policy.
Technotronic was a Belgian electronic music project formed in 1988 by Jo Bogaert, who originally gained notoriety in the early 1990s as part of a cover band and as a solo artist under various New Beat projects, including the Acts of Madmen and Nux Nemo.
In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.
The Low Countries (de Lage Landen or de Nederlanden, les Pays-Bas) is the coastal Rhine–Meuse–Scheldt delta region in Western Europe whose definition usually includes the modern countries of Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands.
The TGV (Train à Grande Vitesse, "high-speed train") is France's intercity high-speed rail service, operated by the SNCF, the state-owned national rail operator.
The Alzheimer Case, also known as The Alzheimer Affair or The Memory of a Killer, De Zaak Alzheimer, is a 2003 crime thriller film directed by Erik Van Looy, based on the novel De Zaak Alzheimer by Jef Geeraerts.
The Loft is a 2014 erotic thriller film directed by Erik Van Looy.
The Thirty Years' War was a war fought primarily in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.
Thuis (At Home) is a Belgian television soap opera, which airs on één, which is in the hands of VRT, the national broadcasting channel of the Dutch-speaking region of Belgium.
Tia Hellebaut (born 16 February 1978 in Antwerp) is a retired Belgian track and field athlete, as well as a chemist, who started out in her sports career in the heptathlon, and afterwards specialized in the high jump event.
Tom Lanoye (his name is pronounced the French way: /lanwa/) was born 27 August 1958 in the Belgian city Sint Niklaas.
Tomorrowland is an electronic dance music festival held in Boom, Belgium.
The Tour de France is an annual male multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in France, while also occasionally making passes through nearby countries.
The Tour of Flanders (Ronde van Vlaanderen), also known as De Ronde ("The Tour"), is an annual road cycling race held in Belgium every spring.
The Toxandri (or Texuandri, Taxandri, Toxandrians etc.) were a people living at the time of the Roman empire.
Track and field is a sport which includes athletic contests established on the skills of running, jumping, and throwing.
The Treaties of Peace of Nijmegen (Traités de Paix de Nimègue; Friede von Nimwegen) were a series of treaties signed in the Dutch city of Nijmegen between August 1678 and December 1679.
The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle or Aachen ended the War of Devolution between France and Spain.
The Treaty of London of 1839, also called the First Treaty of London, the Convention of 1839, the Treaty of Separation, the Quintuple Treaty of 1839, or the Treaty of the XXIV articles, was a treaty signed on 19 April 1839 between the Concert of Europe, the United Kingdom of the Netherlands and the Kingdom of Belgium.
The Treaty of the Pyrenees (Traité des Pyrénées, Tratado de los Pirineos, Tractat dels Pirineus, Tratado dos Pirenéus) was signed on 7 November 1659 to end the 1635–1659 war between France and Spain, a war that was initially a part of the wider Thirty Years' War.
The Tungri (or Tongri, or Tungrians) were a tribe, or group of tribes, who lived in the Belgic part of Gaul, during the times of the Roman empire.
Turkish, also referred to as Istanbul Turkish, is the most widely spoken of the Turkic languages, with around 10–15 million native speakers in Southeast Europe (mostly in East and Western Thrace) and 60–65 million native speakers in Western Asia (mostly in Anatolia).
Turnhout is a Belgian municipality located in the Flemish province of Antwerp.
Ultratop is an organization which generates and publishes the official record charts in Belgium.
The Union of Arras (Dutch: Unie van Atrecht, Spanish: Unión de Arrás) was an accord signed on 6 January 1579 in Arras, under which the southern states of the Netherlands, today in the Wallonia region of Belgium and the Nord-Pas-de-Calais (and Picardy) régions in France, expressed their loyalty to the Spanish king Philip II and recognized his Governor-General, Don Juan of Austria.
The Union of Utrecht (Unie van Utrecht) was a treaty signed on 23 January 1579 in Utrecht, the Netherlands, unifying the northern provinces of the Netherlands, until then under the control of Habsburg Spain.
The United Kingdom of the Netherlands (Verenigd Koninkrijk der Nederlanden; Royaume-Uni des Pays-Bas) is the unofficial name given to the Kingdom of the Netherlands as it existed between 1815 and 1839.
The University of Louvain (Université catholique de Louvain, UCL) is Belgium's largest French-speaking university.
Université Laval (Laval University) is a French-language, public research university in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.
The University of Antwerp (Universiteit Antwerpen) is one of the major Belgian universities located in the city of Antwerp.
The University of Groningen (abbreviated as UG; Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, abbreviated as RUG) is a public research university in the city of Groningen in the Netherlands.
Vaya Con Dios (Spanish for "Go with God!") was a Belgian music act, that stood out for its mixing of styles, as well as the distinctive voice of its lead singer Dani Klein.
The Verhofstadt I Government was the federal government of Belgium from 12 July 1999 to 12 July 2003.
VIER ("four", or "celebrate") is a Belgian-Flemish commercial television channel.
Vlaams Belang (VB; Dutch for "Flemish Interest") is a right-wing populist and Flemish nationalist political party in the Flemish Region and Brussels of Belgium.
The Vlaams Blok (Flemish Block, or VB) was a Belgian far-right and secessionist political party with an anti-immigration platform.
The Vlaamse Radio- en Televisieomroeporganisatie (Flemish Radio and Television Broadcasting Organization), or VRT, is the national public-service broadcaster for the Flemish Region and Community of Belgium.
Voeren is a Flemish municipality located in the Belgian province of Limburg.
VTM or Vlaamse Televisie Maatschappij (English: Flemish Television Company) is the main commercial television station in Flanders, the Dutch-speaking north of Belgium and forms part of a network of channels owned by MEDIALAAN (formerly VMMa).
Waldorf education, also known as Steiner education, is based on the educational philosophy of Rudolf Steiner, the founder of Anthroposophy.
Wallonia (Wallonie, Wallonie(n), Wallonië, Walonreye, Wallounien) is a region of Belgium.
Walloon Flanders (Dutch: Waals Vlaanderen, French: Flandre wallonne) was a semi-independent part of the County of Flanders, composed of the burgraviates of Lille, Douai and Orchies.
The War of the Spanish Succession (1701–1714) was a European conflict of the early 18th century, triggered by the death of the childless Charles II of Spain in November 1700.
Waterloo (Waterlô) is a Walloon municipality in the province of Walloon Brabant, Belgium, which in 2011 had a population of 29,706 and an area of.
West Flanders (West-Vlaanderen; West Flemish: West Vloandern; French: (Province de) Flandre-Occidentale; German: Westflandern) is the most western province of the Flemish Region, in Belgium.
In medieval historiography, West Francia (Latin: Francia occidentalis) or the Kingdom of the West Franks (regnum Francorum occidentalium) was the western part of Charlemagne's Empire, inhabited and ruled by the Germanic Franks that forms the earliest stage of the Kingdom of France, lasting from about 840 until 987.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
The Western Scheldt (Westerschelde) in the province of Zeeland in the southwestern Netherlands, is the estuary of the Scheldt river.
Westhoek (Dutch for "west corner") or Maritime Flanders (Flandre maritime) is a region in Belgium and France and includes the following areas.
Alphonsus Josephus de Ridder (7 May 1882 – 31 May 1960), was a Belgian writer and poet who wrote under the pseudonym Willem Elsschot.
William I (Willem Frederik, Prince of Orange-Nassau; 24 August 1772 – 12 December 1843) was a Prince of Orange and the first King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg.
The Women's Tennis Association (WTA), founded in 1973 by Billie Jean King, is the principal organising body of women's professional tennis.
Wool is the textile fiber obtained from sheep and other animals, including cashmere and mohair from goats, qiviut from muskoxen, angora from rabbits, and other types of wool from camelids.
The Workers' Party of Belgium (Partij van de Arbeid van België, PVDA; Parti du Travail de Belgique, PTB; stylized as PVDA+/PTB-GO!) is a far-left political party in Belgium that operates as a single Belgian party, in contrast to most other Belgian political parties, which are either Flemish or Francophone.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
Worstead is a village and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk.
This is a list with all the WTA Awards given by the Women's Tennis Association to players for achievements during the season or their career.
Yiddish (ייִדיש, יידיש or אידיש, yidish/idish, "Jewish",; in older sources ייִדיש-טײַטש Yidish-Taitsh, Judaeo-German) is the historical language of the Ashkenazi Jews.
Ypres (Ieper) is a Belgian municipality in the province of West Flanders.
The Yser (l'Yser, IJzer) is a river that rises in French Flanders (the north of France), enters the Belgian province of West Flanders and flows through the Ganzepoot and into the North Sea at the town of Nieuwpoort.
The Yser Tower (Dutch: IJzertoren) is a memorial along the Belgian Yser river in Diksmuide.
Zeeland (Zeelandic: Zeêland, historical English exonym Zealand) is the westernmost and least populous province of the Netherlands.
Zeelandic Flanders (Zeelandic: Zeêuws-Vlaonderen) is the southernmost region of the province of Zeeland in the south-western Netherlands.
This is a list of the 130 departments (départements), the conventional name for the administrative subdivisions of the First French Empire at the height of its territorial extent, circa 1811.
The 1920 Summer Olympics (Les Jeux olympiques d'été de 1920; Olympische Zomerspelen van de VIIe Olympiade), officially known as the Games of the VII Olympiad, were an international multi-sport event in 1920 in Antwerp, Belgium.
The 1973 oil crisis began in October 1973 when the members of the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries proclaimed an oil embargo.
The 1979 (or second) oil crisis or oil shock occurred in the world due to decreased oil output in the wake of the Iranian Revolution.
2 Unlimited is a dance act founded by Belgian producers Jean-Paul DeCoster and Phil Wilde in 1991 in Amsterdam, Netherlands.
The 2007–2011 Belgian political crisis was a period of tense communal relations and political instability in Belgium rooted in the differing opinions on state reform, and in the continued existence of the controversial electoral district of Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde (BHV).
Following the Belgian general election held on 13 June 2010, a process of cabinet formation started in Belgium.